登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography

Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Apuan AlpsMountain Range
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
08062760014960841189509.jpg
Apuan Alps - Panorama from Garfagnana

Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy
09385440014960841186962.jpg
Panorama from the top

Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy
00135870014946711649543.jpg
Apuan Alps - Panorama from Garfagnana

Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy
09385440014960841186962.jpg
Panorama from the top

Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy
00135870014946711649543.jpg
Apuan Alps - Panorama from Garfagnana

Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Massa64,783 (2015)
Carrara58,666 (2018)
Camaiore26,746 (2015)
Pietrasanta18,897 (2015)
Montignoso10,023 (2012)
Ripa-Pozzi-Querceta-Ponterosso9,859 (2016)
Other Languages:
French:
Alpes Apuanes, Toscane, Italie
German:
Apuanische Alpen, Toskana, Italien
Italian:
Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia
Russian:
Апуанские Альпы, Тоскана, Италия
Spanish:
Alpes Apuanos, Toscana, Italia
Latin:
Lunae montes (Apuanae alpes), Tuscia, Italia


The Apuan Alps are a mountain range with a roughly elliptic shape, located in the provinces of Massa-Carrara and Lucca. Their geographical boundaries are the Serchio River to the NE and SE; the Aulella River to the north; the Magra River to the NW; the Versilia coastal plain between the Magra and Serchio rivers to the SW.

The name "Alps" given to this mountain chain is due to a very typical alpine appearance of their high peaks, narrow ridges, and deep-cut valleys. This alpine appearance is further emphasised by the morphological contrast with the Versilia plain and the River Serchio valley.

The climatic features of the Apuan Alps mainly derive from the interaction between these geographical/morphological features and the general and local atmospheric path. Shape, elevation, and location of the chain intercept the western and local perturbations of Atlantic or Mediterranean origin and produce the forced lifting of humid air masses, so favouring their rapid adiabatic cooling. Consequently, very heavy yearly meteoric affluxes are registered, with a mean annual rainfall of over 3000 mm close to the watershed. In the Apuan Alps, intense rainstorms are particularly frequent in autumn and often cause many landslides and flash floods.

The Apuan Alps represent a tectonic window in the Northern Apennines nappe edifice and, therefore, are a key area in the geological frame of the Northern Apennines. In fact, the Tuscan metamorphic units (the Apuan Unit and the Massa Unit) characterised by greenschist-facies metamorphism, the Tuscan Nappe, the Ligurian and Subligurian units, and Neogene sequences crop out in this area (Zaccagna, 1932; Carmignani & Giglia, 1984; Carmignani et al., 1994; Carmignani et al., 2000; Conti et al., 2004). The main structure of the mountain chain includes two chief tectonic metamorphic units: the Massa Unit and the Apuan ("Autochthon Auctt.") Unit. A pre-Mesozoic basement and a thick Middle to Upper Triassic cover characterise the former, exposed in the south-west part of the Apuan Alps. The latter is made up of a Palaeozoic basement, unconformably overlain by the Upper Triassic-Oligocene metasedimentary sequence.

Among the Apuan rocks, marble is certainly the best-known and most typical (Carrara marble is famous worldwide). However, other rock types (breccia, metasandstone) may also have ornamental or various uses. Within both the Massa Unit and the Apuan Unit, marble occurs at different stratigraphical positions. In fact, within the former unit, Middle-Triassic crinoid-bearing marbles are known, whereas in the Apuan Unit marble is present both in Triassic and Early Jurassic formations.

The Apuan Alps host a number of mineral deposits that display a great variety of mineralization styles and mineral assemblages. According to Lattanzi et al. (1994), the minerogenesis of the Apuan Alps is the result of several events that span the entire geological history of the region.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

285 valid minerals. 41 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 4 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Aktashite
Formula: Cu6Hg3As4S12
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. (2014): Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). II. Aktashite, Cu6Hg3As4S12, and laffittite, AgHgAsS3, from the Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. Periodico di Mineralogia, 83, 1-18.; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., & Orlandi, P. (2014). Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). I. Routhierite,(Cu0. 8Ag0. 2) Hg2Tl (As1. 4Sb0. 6)∑= 2S6, from Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 163-170.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bonazzi, P., Garbarino, C., and Menchetti, S. (1992) Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4, 23-33; Mancini, S. (2000) Le mineralizzazioni a manganese delle Alpi Apuane. Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Allanite-(La) (TL)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Habit: prismatic
Colour: black
Description: xls up to 5 mm. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Pasero, M. (2006): Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44: 63-68
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Benvenuti M., Costagliola P., Tanelli G., Cortecci G., Lattanzi P. - Geology, Mineralogy and Chemistry of the Baryte-Pyrite(Pb-Ag) deposit at Pollone, Apuane Alps. Boll. Soc. Geol. It., 109, fasc. III, pp. 735-741.
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Andreadiniite (TL)
Formula: CuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. and Paar, W.H. (2014) Andreadiniite, IMA 2014-049. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1244; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248; Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P., Paar, W.H. (2018) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XXIII. Andreadiniite, CuAg7HgPb7Sb24S48, a new oversubstituted (Cu,Hg)-rich member of the andorite homeotypic series from the Monte Arsiccio mine, Apuan Alps. European Journal of Mineralogy: 30: 1021-1035.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite ?
Formula: CaSO4
Description: Small inclusions of probably anhydrite are present in the sellaite crystal studied by Pelloux (1919).
Reference: Pelloux, A. (1919) La sellaite del marmo di Carrara. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, Classe di Scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali, 28, 2° semestre, 284-287; Franzini, M., Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., and Dalena, D. (1982) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana Ed., Milano, 110 pp.;
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Collection Lechner Alois
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Apuanite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4Sb3+4O12S
Type Locality:
Habit: prismatic
Colour: black
Description: In the past, it was rather common in the Sala del Castello. Today, it is very difficult to find samples of this phase. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Mellini M., Merlino S., Orlandi P. (1979) Versiliaite and apuanite, two new minerals from the Apuane Alps, Italy. American Mineralogist, 64, 1230-1234.; Orlandi P., Dini A. (2004) Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1, 11-24.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Description: Micrograins included in chalcopyrite
Reference: Benvenuti M., 1991. Ni-sulphides from Bottino mine (Tuscany, Italy). European Journal of Mineralogy, 3: 79-84.
Arsenmarcobaldiite (TL)
Formula: Pb12(As3.2Sb2.8)Σ6S21
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Moëlo, Y., Pasero, M., Paar, W.H., Vezzoni, S., Zaccarini, F. (2016): Arsenmarcobaldiite, IMA 2016-045. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1138; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Arsiccioite (TL)
Formula: AgHg2Tl(As,Sb)2S6
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P., Bindi, L., D’Orazio, M. and Vezzoni, S. (2013) Arsiccioite, IMA 2013-058. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3003; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P., Bindi, L., D’Orazio, M., Vezzoni, S. (2014): Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from the Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). II. Arsiccioite, AgHg2TlAs2S6, a new mineral from the Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence, crystal structure and crystal chemistry of the routhierite isotypic series. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 101-117.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Habit: Cubic crystals
Colour: orange
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Bonini, M. (2008). Fornovolasco. Storia e minerali delle miniere di ferro presso Vergemoli (Alpi Apuane). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2008, 230-252
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Baumhauerite
Formula: Pb12As16S36
Habit: acicular
Colour: black
Description: The analyses published in Orlandi et al. (1996), with Sb~As, clearly do not agree with those of baumhauerite; the sample might be either twinnite or guettardite (comment Uwe Kolitsch & Dan Topa). The sample was found at the Pitone quarry.
Reference: Orlandi P., Del Chiaro L., Pagano R. (1996): Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record 27, 47-58.; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Benstonite
Formula: Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Reference: Biagioni, C. & Orlandi, P. (2010). Cymrite and benstonite from the Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): first Italian occurrence. Plinius, 36, 365.
Bernarlottiite (TL)
Formula: Pb6(As5Sb3)S18
Type Locality:
Reference: Orlandi, P., Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y. and Paar, W.H. (2014) Bernarlottiite, IMA 2013-133. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 553; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558; Orlandi, P., Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y. and Paar, W.H. (2017): Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XXI. Bernarlottiite, Pb12(As10Sb6)Σ16S36, a new N = 3.5 member of the sartorite homologous series from the Ceragiola marble quarry: occurrence and crystal structure. Eur. J. Mineral 29, 713-726.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Habit: globular aggregates
Colour: white, white-yellowish
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Bonini, M. (2008). Fornovolasco. Storia e minerali delle miniere di ferro presso Vergemoli (Alpi Apuane). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2008, 230-252
Bianchiniite (TL)
Formula: Ba2(TiV)(As2O5)2OF
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni C., Pasero M., Hålenius U., Bosi F. (2019): Bianchiniite, IMA 2019-022. CNMNC Newsletter No. 50; Mineralogical Magazine: 31, doi: 10.1180/mgm.2019.46; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=15578&sid=813c77a70706fa166a7b80754bd6a1e5 (visited 23.07.2019)
Billingsleyite
Formula: Ag7AsS6
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bindi, L., Orlandi, P., Michelucci, E., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M. & Mangoni, G. (2014): Billingsleyite e fettelite. Nuovi ritrovamenti toscani. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 38(1), 26-31.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bohuslavite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+4(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 <= n <= 24)
Type Locality:
Description: Type locality
Reference: Mauro, D., Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Hålenius, U., Pasero, M., Skogby, H., Zaccarini, F., Sejkora, J., Plášil, J., Kampf, A.R., Filip, J., Novotný, P. and Škoda, R. (2019) Bohuslavite, IMA 2018-074a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 48, April 2019: xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 83: xxx-xxx Mauro, D., Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Hålenius, U., Pasero, M., Skogby, H., Zaccarini, F., Sejkora, J., Plášil, J., Kampf, A.R., Filip, J., Novotný, P., Škoda, R., Witzke, T. (2019) Fe3+4(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)(H2O)10·nH2O, a new hydrated iron phosphate-sulfate. European Journal of Mineralogy 31, 1033-1046.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Boscardinite (TL)
Formula: TlPb4(Sb7As2)S18
Type Locality:
Description: TL added
Reference: Orlandi, P., Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Paar, W.H. (2012): Lead-antomony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XII. Boscardinite, TlPb4(Sb7As2){sum}9S18, a new species from Monte Arsiccio mine: Occurrence and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist , 50 , 235-251; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., & Orlandi, P. (2014). Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). I. Routhierite,(Cu0. 8Ag0. 2) Hg2Tl (As1. 4Sb0. 6)∑= 2S6, from Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 163-170; Biagioni, C. & Moëlo, Y. (2017): Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XVIII. New data on the crystal-chemistry of boscardinite. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 47-60.
Bottinoite (TL)
Formula: Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Habit: bladed xls
Colour: blue-green
Description: It was identified by Bonazzi et al. (1992) on specimens from a secondary level between Redola and Paoli.
Reference: Bonazzi P., Menchetti S., Caneschi A., Magnanelli S., 1992. Bottinoite, Ni(H2O)[Sb(OH)6]2, a new mineral from the Bottino mine, Alpi Apuane, Italy. Am. Miner., 77: 1301-1304.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Brandholzite
Formula: MgSb2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Reference: - Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010: parte seconda. Micro, 3/2011, 98-100. - Orlandi, P., Biagioni, C. & Michelucci, E. (2013). Brandholzite. Primo ritrovamento italiano nella miniera del Bottino, Alpi Apuane. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2013, 130-134.
Brannerite ?
Formula: UTi2O6
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Del Tredici, C. (1978) Il rutilo nei marmi di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 [9], 2, 31-32; Franzini, M., Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., and Dalena, D. (1982) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana Ed., Milano, 110 pp.; Granai, F., and Morino, A. (2015) Anatasio. Eccezionale ritrovamento nelle cave di Crestola Bassa, Carrara (MS). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 39, 3 (3-2015), 186-189; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Camarda, S., Chinellato, M., Appiani, R., Del Chiaro, L., and Sanguineti, G. (2019) Minerals from marbles of Carrara and the Apuan Alps. LoGisma editore, Vicchio (Firenze) - Musumeci S.p.A., Quart (Aosta), 144 pp.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 68 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Reference: http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&lr=&q=cache:bJh91ZKhMEMJ:www.parcapuane.it/actapuana/ACTA_APUANA_2.pdf+giovanni+brugiana
Calomel
Formula: (Hg2)2+Cl2
Habit: tabular xls
Colour: colorless
Fluorescence: red
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Campostrini, I. (2005): Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 184-191.
Cannizzarite
Formula: Pb48Bi56S132
Carducciite (TL)
Formula: (Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., & Bindi, L. (2014). Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XVI. Carducciite,(AgSb) Pb6 (As, Sb) 8S20, a new Sb-rich derivative of rathite from the Pollone mine, Valdicastello Carducci: occurrence and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1775-1793.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Description: Only identified in thin section
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (1), 1-22.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Chabournéite
Formula: Tl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34
Reference: Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., and Zaccarini, F. (2017) Ferdowsiite from the Monte Arsiccio mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 124, 5-11.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite var: Auriferous Chalcopyrite
Formula: (Cu,Au)FeS2
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Habit: tabular, acicular
Colour: brown-blackish
Description: Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Habit: earthy masses; powdery aggregates
Colour: dark-green
Description: Often coatinng other minerals or included in quartz xls.
Reference: Benvenuti, M., Brizzi, G., Dini, A. (1993): La miniera piombo-argentifera del Bottino (LU). (2a parte). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1993, 1-22.
Chapmanite
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Colour: green
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Orlandi, P., Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini Editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chovanite
Formula: Pb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Claraite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clino-suenoite
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mancini, S. (2000) Le mineralizzazioni a manganese delle Alpi Apuane. Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Dini, A. & Orlandi, P. (1995) Coloradoite (HgTe), from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 102, 47-50.
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Amodio Morelli L., Menchetti S., 1969. Su alcuni minerali della zona del Bottino e del Canale dell'Angina-Zulfello (Alpi Apuane). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., Serie A: 417-445.
Coquimbite
Formula: AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Franzini, M. (1994) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Cassa di Risparmio di Carrara - Amilcare Pizzi Editore S.p.A., Milano, 109 pp.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Description: Only observed as bladed bronze-yellow inclusions in galena, with chalcopyrite
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (1), 1-22.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C. & Orlandi, P. (2010). Cymrite and benstonite from the Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): first Italian occurrence. Plinius, 36, 365. ; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., & Orlandi, P. (2014). Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). I. Routhierite,(Cu0. 8Ag0. 2) Hg2Tl (As1. 4Sb0. 6)∑= 2S6, from Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 163-170.
Dadsonite
Formula: Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Derbylite
Formula: Fe3+4Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Franzini, M. (1994) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Cassa di Risparmio di Carrara - Amilcare Pizzi Editore S.p.A., Milano, 109 pp.
Dessauite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Type Locality:
Habit: pseudo-hexagonal
Colour: black
Description: Type V-1 veins. Only one sample found.
Reference: Orlandi P., Pasero M., Duchi G., Olmi F., 1997. Dessauite, (Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20 O38, a new mineral of the crichtonite group from Buca della Vena mine, Tuscany, Italy. Amer. Miner., 82: 807-811; Orlandi, P. & Pasero, M. (2006): Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 63-68.
Destinezite
Formula: Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Reference: Frizzo P., Simone S., 1995. Diaphorite in the Pollone ore deposit (Apuan Alps-Tuscany, Italy). Europ. J. Miner., 7: 705-708.; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., & Bindi, L. (2014). Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XVI. Carducciite,(AgSb) Pb6 (As, Sb) 8S20, a new Sb-rich derivative of rathite from the Pollone mine, Valdicastello Carducci: occurrence and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1775-1793.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Dinite (TL)
Formula: C20H36
Type Locality:
Colour: transparent, vitreous
Description: Dinite was studied for the first time by G. Petri in 1852 (Gazz. Medic. Italiana, Firenze, Luglio 1852).
Reference: Franzini M., Pasero M., Perchiazzi N. (1991) - Re-discovery and re-definition of Dinite, a forgotten organic mineral from Garfagnana, northern Tuscany, Italy - Europ. Jour. of Min., 3: pp. 855-861
Disulfodadsonite (TL)
Formula: Pb11Sb13S30(S2)0.5
Type Locality:
Reference: Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Biagioni, C. and Bonaccorsi, E. (2012) Disulfodadsonite, IMA 2011-076. CNMNC Newsletter No. 12, February 2012, page 152; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 151–155. ; boulangerite, calcite, and sphalerite
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Amodio Morelli L., Menchetti S., 1969. Su alcuni minerali della zona del Bottino e del Canale dell'Angina-Zulfello (Alpi Apuane). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., Serie A: 417-445.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&lr=&q=cache:bJh91ZKhMEMJ:www.parcapuane.it/actapuana/ACTA_APUANA_2.pdf+giovanni+brugiana
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
Description: Schorl-dravites to proton and alkali-deficient end-member.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 537-548.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Colour: apple-green
Description: It was found at Tognetti quarry. It is the alteration pseudomorph of a sulfosalt in acicular xls.
Reference: Orlandi et al., 1996. Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record, 27: 47-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Mauro D. (2016): Studio cristallochimico di alcuni solfati di ferro della mineralizzazione a pirite tallifera di Fornovolasco (Alpi Apuane). Tesi magistrale, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Unviersità di Pisa, 137 pp.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ferdowsiite
Formula: Ag8(Sb5As3)S16
Reference: Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., and Zaccarini, F. (2017) Ferdowsiite from the Monte Arsiccio mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 124, 5-11.
Ferrihollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Fe3+2)O16
Reference: Biagioni, C., Capalbo, C., Lezzerini, M., Pasero, M. (2014): Ferrihollandite, BaMn4+6Fe3+2O16, from Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy: description and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy 26, 171-178.; Cristian Biagioni
Fettelite
Formula: [Ag6As2S7][Ag10HgAs2S8]
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bindi, L., Orlandi, P., Michelucci, E., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M. & Mangoni, G. (2014): Billingsleyite e fettelite. Nuovi ritrovamenti toscani. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 38(1), 26-31.
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Senesi F., 2000. Koninckite e altri fosfati della miniera del Pollone (Valdicastello Carducci, Lucca). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 46-48.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Merlino, S., and Orlandi, P. (2001) Carraraite and zaccagnaite, two new minerals from the Carrara marble quarries: their chemical compositions, physical properties, and structural features. American Mineralogist, 86, 1293-1301; Orlandi, P. (2004) Carraraite, zaccagnaite, IMA 1998-033 e altre specie rinvenute nelle geodi dei marmi Apuani. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 28, 1 (1-2004), 24-27; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, Pisa, 180 pp.
Freibergite ?
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Habit: tetrahedral
Colour: steel gray
Description: xls up to 10 mm.
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (1), 1-22.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Garavellite (TL)
Formula: FeSbBiS4
Type Locality:
Reference: Gregorio, F., Lattanzi, P., Tanelli, G., and Vurro, F. (1979) Garavellite, FeSbBiS4, a new mineral from the Cu-Fe deposit of Valle del Frigido in the Apuane Alps, northern Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 99-102.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: D'Achiardi A. (1873) - Mineralogia della Toscana, vol. II - Tip. Nistri, Pisa
Gasparite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(AsO4)
Reference: Mancini, S. (2000) Le mineralizzazioni a manganese delle Alpi Apuane. Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Giacovazzoite (TL)
Formula: K5Fe3+3O(SO4)6·10H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, B., Bindi, L., Mauro, D. and Pasero, M. (2019) Giacovazzoite, IMA 2018-165. CNMNC Newsletter No. 49, June 2019, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 83: 323–328. ; Biagioni C, Bindi L, Mauro D, Hålenius U. (2019) Crystal Chemistry of Sulfates from the Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). V. Scordariite, K8(Fe3+0.67□0.33)[Fe3+3O(SO4)6(H2O)3]2(H2O)11: A New Metavoltine-Related Mineral. Minerals. 9(11):702.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Description: The mineral previously classified as gibbsite (Orlandi & Bianchi, 1976) is nordstandite (Orlandi & Del Chiaro, 1989).
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Bianchi, G. (1976) Nota di mineralogia toscana. I minerali delle geodi dei marmi di Carrara. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, serie A, 83, 220-229; Orlandi, P., and Del Chiaro, L. (1989) Nuovi dati sui minerali delle geodi del marmo di Carrara. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 96, 313-325.
Giessenite
Formula: Pb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
Reference: Orlandi, P. (2007). Seit uber 2000 Jahren: Marmorabbau in der Toskana. Geologie und Mineralien der Apuaner Alpen. Die Mineralien der Marmor-gebiete rund um Carrara, bei Massa und der Versilia. Lapis, 7/8, 15-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Goldichite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Biagioni C, Bindi L, Mauro D, Hålenius U. (2019) Crystal Chemistry of Sulfates from the Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). V. Scordariite, K8(Fe3+0.67□0.33)[Fe3+3O(SO4)6(H2O)3]2(H2O)11: A New Metavoltine-Related Mineral. Minerals. 9(11):702.
Graeserite
Formula: (Fe3+ ,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Reference: Collection Lechner Alois
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Rau, A., & Tongiorgi, M. (1974). Geologia dei M. Pisani a Sud-Est della Valle del Guappero. Memorie della Società Geologica Italiana, 13, 227-408.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Grumiplucite (TL)
Formula: HgBi2S4
Type Locality:
Habit: very slender prismatic crystals
Colour: grey-black
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A. , Olmi F., 1998. Grumiplucite, a new mercury-bismuth sulfosalt species from the Levigliani mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. Canad. Miner., 36: 1321-1326.
Guettardite
Formula: PbAsSbS4
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Del Chiaro, L. (1989) Nuovi dati sui minerali delle geodi del marmo di Carrara. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 96, 313-325; Passarino, G. (1990) Minerale argilloso nel marmo di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 14, 1 (1-1990), 48-49.
Halloysite-7Å
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Del Chiaro, L. (1989) Nuovi dati sui minerali delle geodi del marmo di Carrara. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 96, 313-325; Passarino, G. (1990) Minerale argilloso nel marmo di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 14, 1 (1-1990), 48-49.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Iron Rose
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Bonotti, F., Cattani, A., Granai, F., Michelucci, E., and Morino, A. (2019) Ematite e quarzo cloritizzato. Un nuovo ritrovamento dalle cave di marmo di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 43, 1 (1-2019), 46-49.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Carcangiu et al., 1992. Stratigrafia, mineralogia e metamorfismo di un orizzonte residuale triassico nelle Alpi Apuane: "Formazione delle Brecce di Seravezza". Plinius, 8: 140-141.
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., and Zaccarini, F. (2017) Ferdowsiite from the Monte Arsiccio mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 124, 5-11.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Izoklakeite
Formula: Pb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
Reference: Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y. & Biagioni, C. (2010). Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). X. Dadsonite from the Buca della Vena mine and Bi-rich izoklakeite from the Seravezza marble quarries. Periodico di Mineralogia, 79, 113-121.
Jamborite ?
Formula: Ni2+1-xCo3+x(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
Habit: crusts
Colour: green
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jaskólskiite
Formula: CuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Bonini, M. (2008). Fornovolasco. Storia e minerali delle miniere di ferro presso Vergemoli (Alpi Apuane). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2008, 230-252
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy, 12 (2)
Karelianite
Formula: V3+2O3
Habit: tabular, pseudohexagonal
Colour: black
Description: xls size < 1 mm. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Habit: acicular
Colour: red
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (1), 1-22.
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Khademite
Formula: Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Reference: Biagioni C, Bindi L, Mauro D, Hålenius U. (2019) Crystal Chemistry of Sulfates from the Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). V. Scordariite, K8(Fe3+0.67□0.33)[Fe3+3O(SO4)6(H2O)3]2(H2O)11: A New Metavoltine-Related Mineral. Minerals. 9(11):702.
Koninckite
Formula: Fe3+PO4 · 3H2O
Reference: Senesi F., 2000. Koninckite e altri fosfati della miniera del Pollone (Valdicastello Carducci, Lucca). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 46-48.
Krausite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Mancini, S. (2000) Le mineralizzazioni a manganese delle Alpi Apuane. Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Laffittite
Formula: AgHgAsS3
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. (2014): Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). II. Aktashite, Cu6Hg3As4S12, and laffittite, AgHgAsS3, from the Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. Periodico di Mineralogia, 83, 1-18.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Linnaeite-Polydymite Series'
Reference: Biagioni, C., & Barsanti, M. (2008). Primo ritrovamento di millerite nella Valle del Serchio (Lucca). MICRO (notizie mineralogiche), 2008, 111-116.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Description: Described by Orlandi et al. (1980) as lithiophorite, in the form of dark brown earthy globules in association with quartz and dolomite. Chemical analyses showed the presence of abundant Mn and traces of Zi, Ni, Cu, and Co. According to Biagioni et al. (2019), it is unlikely that this mineral is lithiophorite, due to the absence of Al. It is more correctly ascribable to an uncharachterised manganese oxide (see manganese oxides).
Reference: Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., Dalena, D., Duchi, G., and Vezzalini, G. (1980) I minerali delle geodi della formazione marmifera di Carrara. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, serie A, 87, 93-124; Franzini, M., Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., and Dalena, D. (1982) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana Ed., Milano, 110 pp.; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Camarda, S., Chinellato, M., Appiani, R., Del Chiaro, L., and Sanguineti, G. (2019) Minerals from marbles of Carrara and the Apuan Alps. LoGisma editore, Vicchio (Firenze) - Musumeci S.p.A., Quart (Aosta), 144 pp.
Livingstonite
Formula: HgSb4S6(S2)
Reference: Pellecchia, M., and Passarino, G. (2018) Tesori nascosti nelle collezioni. Livingstonite tra i minerali su marmo di Carrara di Francesco Bedogné. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 42, 3 (3-2018), 176-184; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Camarda, S., Chinellato, M., Appiani, R., Del Chiaro, L., and Sanguineti, G. (2019) Minerals from marbles of Carrara and the Apuan Alps. LoGisma editore, Vicchio (Firenze) - Musumeci S.p.A., Quart (Aosta), 144 pp.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Magnanelliite (TL)
Formula: K3Fe3+2(SO4)4(OH)(H2O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bindi, L. and Kampf, A.R. (2019) Magnanelliite, IMA 2019-006. CNMNC Newsletter No. 49, June 2019, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 83: 323–328. ; Biagioni C, Bindi L, Mauro D, Hålenius U. (2019) Crystal Chemistry of Sulfates from the Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). V. Scordariite, K8(Fe3+0.67□0.33)[Fe3+3O(SO4)6(H2O)3]2(H2O)11: A New Metavoltine-Related Mineral. Minerals. 9(11):702.
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Mauro D. (2016): Studio cristallochimico di alcuni solfati di ferro della mineralizzazione a pirite tallifera di Fornovolasco (Alpi Apuane). Tesi magistrale, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Unviersità di Pisa, 137 pp.
Magnesiovoltaite ?
Formula: K2Mg5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12·18H2O
Reference: Mauro D. (2016): Studio cristallochimico di alcuni solfati di ferro della mineralizzazione a pirite tallifera di Fornovolasco (Alpi Apuane). Tesi magistrale, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Unviersità di Pisa, 137 pp. (EDS identification].
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy, 12 (2)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Reference: C. Biagioni
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Mannardite
Formula: Ba(Ti4+6V3+2)O16
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Pasero, M. (2008). Ankangite from Monte Arsiccio mine. (Apuan Alps, Tuscany): third world occurrence. Plinius, 34, 212; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Pasero, M. (2009). Ankangite from the Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): occurrence, crystal structure, and classification problems in cryptomelane group minerals. Periodico di Mineralogia, 78, 3-11.
Mannardite var: Ankangite
Formula: Ba(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Pasero, M. (2008). Ankangite from Monte Arsiccio mine. (Apuan Alps, Tuscany): third world occurrence. Plinius, 34, 212; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Pasero, M. (2009). Ankangite from the Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): occurrence, crystal structure, and classification problems in cryptomelane group minerals. Periodico di Mineralogia, 78, 3-11.
Mapiquiroite (TL)
Formula: (Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Nestola, F. and Bindi, L. (2013) Mapiquiroite, IMA 2013-010. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2703; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709. ; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Nestola, F., Bindi, L. (2014): Mapiquiroite, (Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38, a new member of the crichtonite group from the Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26, 427-437.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Marcobaldiite (TL)
Formula: Pb12(Sb3As2Bi)Σ6S21
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Pasero, M., Moëlo, Y., Zaccarini, F., Paar, W.H. and Merlino, S. (2016) Marcobaldiite, IMA 2015-109. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016, page 410; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 407–413.; Biagioni, C., Pasero, M., Moëlo, Y., Zaccarini, F., Paar, W.H. (2018) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XXII. Marcobaldiite, ∼Pb12(Sb3As2Bi)Σ6S21, a new member of the jordanite homologous series from the Pollone mine, Valdicastello Carducci. European Journal of Mineralogy, 30: 581-592.
Marrucciite (TL)
Formula: Hg3Pb16Sb18S46
Type Locality:
Reference: Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Campostrini, I., Meerschaut, A. (2007): Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). IX. Marrucciite, Hg3Pb16Sb18S46, a new sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps: Definition and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 267-279.
Meerschautite (TL)
Formula: (Ag,Cu)6Pb43-2xSb44+2xS112Ox (x ~0.5)
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P., Stanley, C.J. and Evain, M. (2013) Meerschautite, IMA 2013-061. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3004; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005. ; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., & Bindi, L. (2014). Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XVI. Carducciite,(AgSb) Pb6 (As, Sb) 8S20, a new Sb-rich derivative of rathite from the Pollone mine, Valdicastello Carducci: occurrence and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1775-1793.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Meneghinite (TL)
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Habit: prismatic
Colour: lead to steel grey
Description: xls up to 5 cm. Also as curved hairs and needles similar to boulangerite; pseudos after galena have been reported
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (1), 1-22; Canadian Mineralogist 16, pp. 393-395 (1978); Lapis 3 (1990), 7
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Habit: drops
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Metacinnabar var: Leviglianite
Formula: HgS
Reference: Manasse, E. (1920): Sulla leviglianite. Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., 33, 156-163; Dini, A. (1995): Metacinabro zincifero (leviglianite) e sfalerite mercurifera della miniera di Levigliani (Alpi Apuane, Toscana). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., 102: 67-72.
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Reference: Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., and Zaccarini, F. (2017) Ferdowsiite from the Monte Arsiccio mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 124, 5-11.
'Mica Group'
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Moëloite (TL)
Formula: Pb6Sb6S14(S3)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: P. Orlandi et al.: Eur. J. Mineral., 14: 599-606 (2002); Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Reference: Biagioni C. (2016): "Monazite". Miniera del Pollone, Valdicastello Carducci, Pietrasanta (LU). Novità di mineralogia sistematica italiana. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 50, 2 (2-2016), 123.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy, 12 (2)
Montroseite
Formula: (V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
Habit: prismatic xls
Colour: black
Description: xls size < 1 mm. Type V-1 veins. It is associated with an unidentified mineral.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Nekrasovite
Formula: Cu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
Reference: Orlandi, P. (2004) Carraraite, zaccagnaite, IMA 1998-033 e altre specie rinvenute nelle geodi dei marmi Apuani. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 28, 1 (1-2004), 24-27.
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Owyheeite
Formula: Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., & Bindi, L. (2014). Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XVI. Carducciite,(AgSb) Pb6 (As, Sb) 8S20, a new Sb-rich derivative of rathite from the Pollone mine, Valdicastello Carducci: occurrence and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1775-1793.
Oxycalcioroméite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Sb2O6O
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C. and Orlandi, P. (2012): Oxycalcioroméite, IMA 2012-022. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1283; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Nestola, F., Bianchin, S. (2013): Oxycalcioroméite, Ca2Sb2O6O, from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy: a new member of the pyrochlore supergroup. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3027-3037.
Parapierrotite
Formula: TlSb5S8
Reference: Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., and Zaccarini, F. (2017) Ferdowsiite from the Monte Arsiccio mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 124, 5-11.
Pararealgar
Formula: As4S4
Parasterryite (TL)
Formula: Ag4Pb20Sb14As10S58
Type Locality:
Reference: Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P., Guillot-Deudon, C., Biagioni, C., Paar, W.H., Evain, M. (2011). Lead–antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XI. The new mineral parasterryite, Ag4Pb20(Sb14.5As9.5)S=24S58, and associated sterryite, Cu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb18-15As4-7)S=22(As–As)S56, from Pollone mine (Tuscany, Italy). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 623-638. ; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Pardini, S. & Passarino, G. (2012). Sterryite e parasterryite. I solfosali aciculari di piombo e argento della miniera del Pollone (Pietrasanta, Lucca). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2012, 76-91; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., & Bindi, L. (2014). Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XVI. Carducciite,(AgSb) Pb6 (As, Sb) 8S20, a new Sb-rich derivative of rathite from the Pollone mine, Valdicastello Carducci: occurrence and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1775-1793.
'Pearceite-T2ac'
Habit: tabular xls
Description: xls size < 1 mm.
Reference: Menchetti S., 1970. Sulla arsenpolibasite del Canale dell’Angina (Alpi Apuane). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., 77: 111-122.
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Apple green acicular crystals pseudomorph after millerite (XRD-G).
Reference: Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro, 1/2011, 39-42
Pellouxite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Type Locality:
Habit: strongly flattened, ribbon-like xls.
Colour: black
Description: IMA 2001-033
Reference: Lapis 29(1), 11-24 (2004); Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Meerschaut, A., Palvadeau, P., Leone, Ph., 2004: Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). VI. Pellouxite, ~ (Cu,Ag)2Pb21Sb23S55ClO, a new oxy-chloro-sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16: 839-844
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Mauro D. (2016): Studio cristallochimico di alcuni solfati di ferro della mineralizzazione a pirite tallifera di Fornovolasco (Alpi Apuane). Tesi magistrale, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Unviersità di Pisa, 137 pp.
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pillaite (TL)
Formula: Pb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Type Locality:
Habit: very slight acicular xls; striated // to the elongation
Colour: lead-gray, sometimes coated by thin iridescent
Description: xls up to 1 cm.
Reference: Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229.
Polhemusite ?
Formula: (Zn,Hg)S
Description: Costagliola et al. (1990) wrote: "The presence of a Fe-Zn-Hg sulfide whose optical and compositional (semiquantitative SEM/EDS analysis) properties are like those of polhemusite (LEONARD et al., 1978) is especially noteworthy. Further studies are being carried out to completely describe this mineral; if confirmed, it would be the first finding of polhemusite in Italy."
Reference: Costagliola P., Benvenuti M., Tanelli G., Cortecci G.,Lattanzi P., 1990. The barite-pyrite-iron oxides deposit of Monte Arsiccio (Apuan Alps). Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital., 109: 267-277
Polloneite (TL)
Formula: AgPb46As26Sb23S120
Type Locality:
Reference: Topa, D., Keutsch, F.N., Makovicky, E., Kolitsch, U. and Paar, W. (2015) Polloneite, IMA 2014-093. CNMNC Newsletter No. 24, April 2015, page 249; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 247-251; Topa, D., Keutsch, F.N., Makovicky, E., Kolitsch, U., Paar, W. (2017): Polloneite, a new complex Pb(-Ag)-As-Sb sulfosalt from the Pollone mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1303-1322.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: D'Achiardi A., 1877. Prehnite, epidoto, ematite di Poggio in Garfagnana. Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., 3.
Protochabournéite (TL)
Formula: Tl2Pb(Sb,As)10S17
Reference: Orlandi, P., Biagioni, C.,Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y. and Paar, W.H.(2011): Protochabouréite, IMA 2011-054.CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2888; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893; Orlandi, P., Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., Bonaccorsi, E., Paar, W.H. (2013): Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XIII. Protochabournéite, ~ Tl2Pb(Sb9–8As1–2)∑10S17, from the Monte Arsiccio mine: Occurrence, crystal structure and relationship with chabournéite. Canadian Mineralogist, 51, 475-494.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Brizzi G., Olmi F., 1989. La proustite della miniera del Pollone - Valdicastello (LU). Riv. Miner. Ital., 13: 157-162.; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Pardini, S. & Passarino, G. (2012). Sterryite e parasterryite. I solfosali aciculari di piombo e argento della miniera del Pollone (Pietrasanta, Lucca). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2012, 76-91
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 75 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Habit: octahedric xls
Colour: yellow, reddish
Description: xls size > 1 mm. Type V-1 veins. Orlandi & Dini (2004) describe this as a stibiobetafite without any analysis.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)' ?
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Habit: octahedric xls
Colour: yellow, reddish
Description: xls size > 1 mm. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: R. angelillis - Un escursione alla miniera cinabrifera di Ripa (Lucca) - Notizie del Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, n. 4, pag. 94, (1972)
Pyroxmangite
Formula: MnSiO3
Reference: Di Sabatino, L. (1967) Su una paragenesi del giacimento manganesifero di Scortico (Alpi Apuane). Periodico di Mineralogia, 36, 965-992.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 81 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Baldi M., 1982. La miniera del Pollone a Valdicastello. Riv. Miner. Ital., 6: 46-58.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Mancini, S. (1997) Le miniere di manganese di Scortico (Fivizzano, Massa-Carrara). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 21, 3 (3-1997), 295-296.
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Mauro D. (2016): Studio cristallochimico di alcuni solfati di ferro della mineralizzazione a pirite tallifera di Fornovolasco (Alpi Apuane). Tesi magistrale, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Unviersità di Pisa, 137 pp.
Robinsonite
Formula: Pb4Sb6S13
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Routhierite
Formula: Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
Reference: C. Biagioni, E. Bonaccorsi, Y. Moëlo, P. Orlandi & W. Paar (2011): Monte Arsiccio mine: The first thallium ore in Apuan Alps. Plinius 37, 401; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. (2012): Sb-rich routhierite from Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. European Mineralogical Conference Vol. 1, EMC2012-30 (abs.).; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., & Orlandi, P. (2014). Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). I. Routhierite,(Cu0. 8Ag0. 2) Hg2Tl (As1. 4Sb0. 6)∑= 2S6, from Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 163-170.
Rouxelite (TL)
Formula: Cu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Habit: thin acicular xls
Colour: pitch black
Description: xls are more than 1 cm in lenght but only few micron in thickness. IMA 2002-062.
Reference: Orlandi P., Meerschaut A., Moëlo Y., Palvadeau P., Léone P., 2005. Lead–antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). VIII. Rouxelite, Cu2HgPb22Sb28S64(O,S)2, a new sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps: definition and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 43: 919-933.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Sartorite
Formula: PbAs2S4
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1980) 18:13-15; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Scainiite (TL)
Formula: Pb14Sb30S54O5
Type Locality:
Habit: acicular, sometimes flattened xls
Colour: black, with frequent bluish hues
Reference: Orlandi P., Moëlo Y., Meerschaut A., Palvadeau P. (1999): Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy): I. Scainiite, Pb14Sb30S54O5, the first Pb-Sboxy-sulfosalt, from Buca della Vena mine., European Journal of Mineralogy 11, 949-954
'Scapolite'
Reference: Di Sabatino, L. (1967) Su una paragenesi del giacimento manganesifero di Scortico (Alpi Apuane). Periodico di Mineralogia, 36, 965-992.
Schafarzikite
Formula: Fe2+Sb3+2O4
Habit: prismatic
Colour: dark brown
Description: It is known only in few specimens.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Scordariite (TL)
Formula: K8(Fe3+0.670.33)[Fe3+3O(SO4)6]2·14H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni C., Bindi L., Mauro D. (2019): Scordariite, IMA 2019-010. CNMNC Newsletter No. 50; Mineralogical Magazine: 31, doi: 10.1180/mgm.2019.46; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=15578&sid=813c77a70706fa166a7b80754bd6a1e5 (visited 23.07.2019); Biagioni C, Bindi L, Mauro D, Hålenius U. (2019) Crystal Chemistry of Sulfates from the Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). V. Scordariite, K8(Fe3+0.67□0.33)[Fe3+3O(SO4)6(H2O)3]2(H2O)11: A New Metavoltine-Related Mineral. Minerals. 9(11):702.
Scorticoite (TL)
Formula: Mn6(Sb☐)Σ2(SiO4)2O3(OH)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Kampf, A.R., Zaccarini, F., Hålenius, U. and Bosi, F. (2019) Scorticoite, IMA 2018-159. CNMNC Newsletter No. 49, June 2019, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 83: 323–328.
Seligmannite
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Description: The loose transparent crystal studied by Pelloux (1919) is without any doubt sellaite. It contains small inclusions of sulphur, gypsum, and probably anhydrite as at the type locality (Gébroulaz glacier, Savoie, France). According to Orlandi & Criscuolo (2009), the occurrence of sellaite within the Carrara marble cavities should be considered questionable. In fact, there are no evidences that the sample studied by Pelloux (1919) had been actually collected at Carrara. A possible fraud in the provenance of the studied material (Gébroulaz and not Carrara) could not be excluded.
Reference: Pelloux, A. (1919) La sellaite del marmo di Carrara. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, Classe di Scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali, 28, 2° semestre, 284-287; Pelloux, A. (1919) Minerali della regione marmifera carrarese. Memorie dell'Accademia Lunigianese di Scienze "G. Cappellini", 1, 3-4, 96-107; Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., Dalena, D., Duchi, G., and Vezzalini, G. (1980) I minerali delle geodi della formazione marmifera di Carrara. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, serie A, 87, 93-124; Franzini, M., Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., and Dalena, D. (1982) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana Ed., Milano, 110 pp.; Franzini, M., Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., and Dalena, D. (1987) Minerals of the Carrara marble. Mineralogical Record, 18, 263-296; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Camarda, S., Chinellato, M., Appiani, R., Del Chiaro, L., and Sanguineti, G. (2019) Minerals from marbles of Carrara and the Apuan Alps. LoGisma editore, Vicchio (Firenze) - Musumeci S.p.A., Quart (Aosta), 144 pp.
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Serandite
Formula: NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Habit: anhedral
Description: Its composition varies from Ser100Pct0 to Ser59Pct41. Type C occurrence.
Reference: Biagioni C., 2004. Le mineralizzazioni manganesifere dei Diaspri Auctt. di Vagli (Alpi Apuane, Lucca). Tesina di Laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Biagioni, C., & Barsanti, M. (2008). Primo ritrovamento di millerite nella Valle del Serchio (Lucca). MICRO (notizie mineralogiche), 2008, 111-116.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Habit: globular aggregates of blades
Colour: sky-blue
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (1), 1-22.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Sterryite
Formula: Cu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56
Reference: Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P., Guillot-Deudon, C., Biagioni, C., Paar, W.H., Evain, M. (2011). Lead–antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XI. The new mineral parasterryite, Ag4Pb20(Sb14.5As9.5)S=24S58, and associated sterryite, Cu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb18-15As4-7)S=22(As–As)S56, from Pollone mine (Tuscany, Italy). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 623-638. ; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Pardini, S. & Passarino, G. (2012). Sterryite e parasterryite. I solfosali aciculari di piombo e argento della miniera del Pollone (Pietrasanta, Lucca). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2012, 76-91
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Description: It is an alteration product of stibnite.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Stibivanite (TL)
Formula: Sb2VO5
Habit: tabular, prismatic, acicular xls
Colour: emerald green, yellow-green
Description: xls up to 3-4 mm. Buca della Vena mine is the type locality for the politype stibivanite-2O, found only in one sample and indistinguishable from stibivanite-2M, also present in this locality. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 21, pp. 159-160 (1983)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Colour: yellow brown
Description: Type V-2 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Senesi F., 2000. Koninckite e altri fosfati della miniera del Pollone (Valdicastello Carducci, Lucca). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 46-48.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Sudoite ?
Formula: Mg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Campostrini, I. (2005): Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 184-191
Suenoite (TL)
Formula: □Mn2Mg5Si8O22(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Pasero, M., Bonaccorsi, E., Hålenius, U., Bosi, F. (2019): Suenoite, IMA 2019-075. CNMNC Newsletter No. 52; Mineralogical Magazine, 83, https://doi.org/10.1180/mgm.2019.73; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=15946
Sugilite
Formula: K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Habit: anhedral or subhedral xls
Colour: violet
Description: Type C occurrence.
Reference: Biagioni C., 2004. Le mineralizzazioni manganesifere dei Diaspri Auctt. di Vagli (Alpi Apuane, Lucca). Tesina di Laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Sulvanite
Formula: Cu3VS4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Habit: tabular xls
Colour: colorless, white, pink, yellow, orange
Description: xls up to 5 mm.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., Gemignani E., Pierotti L., Quilici U., Romani U., 2002. Paragenesi alpine nelle Alpi Apuane: I minerali delle vene di quarzo della Valle dell'Acqua Bianca, Gorfigliano (LU) Riv. Mineral. It., 26, 4: 216-223
'Targionite' (FRL)
Reference: Bechi C. (1852) in G. Meneghini, Amer. J. Sci., ser. 2, 14, 60
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Pelloux, A. (1929) Sopra alcuni minerali della regione marmifera del Massese nelle Alpi Apuane. Memorie dell'Accademia Lunigianese di Scienze "G. Cappellini", 10, 18-25; Orlandi, P., and Bellè, E. (2002) I minerali del marmo del bacino del Frigido, Massa. Comune della Città di Massa - Tipografia Ceccotti, Massa, 144 pp.
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: Di Sabatino, L. (1967) Su una paragenesi del giacimento manganesifero di Scortico (Alpi Apuane). Periodico di Mineralogia, 36, 965-992.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite-(Hg) (TL)
Formula: Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4S12S
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Sejkora, J., Musetti, S., Velebil, D. and Pasero, M. (2019) Tetrahedrite-(Hg), IMA 2019-003. CNMNC Newsletter No. 51; European Journal of Mineralogy, 31, https://doi.org/10.1127/ejm/2019/0031-2894
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Habit: acicular xls
Colour: colorless, yellow
Description: xls up to 1 mm.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., Gemignani E., Pierotti L., Quilici U., Romani U., 2002. Paragenesi alpine nelle Alpi Apuane: I minerali delle vene di quarzo della Valle dell'Acqua Bianca, Gorfigliano (LU) Riv. Mineral. It., 26, 4: 216-223
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Del Chiaro, L. (1989) Nuovi dati sui minerali delle geodi del marmo di Carrara. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 96, 313-325; Orlandi, P., and Franzini, M. (1994) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Cassa di Risparmio di Carrara - Amilcare Pizzi Editore S.p.A., Milano, 109 pp.; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Camarda, S., Chinellato, M., Appiani, R., Del Chiaro, L., and Sanguineti, G. (2019) Minerals from marbles of Carrara and the Apuan Alps. LoGisma editore, Vicchio (Firenze) - Musumeci S.p.A., Quart (Aosta), 144 pp.
Tiemannite
Formula: HgSe
Reference: Biagioni, C. & Orlandi, P. (2009). Tiemannite e metacinabro della miniera Buca della Vena (Alpi Apuane). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 114, 13-17.
Tintinaite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Habit: prismatic-acicular with non striated faces. It never shows a strongly acicular habit.
Colour: gray
Reference: Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229.
Tinzenite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Habit: anhedral xls
Colour: yellow to orange
Reference: Biagioni C., 2004. Le mineralizzazioni manganesifere dei Diaspri Auctt. di Vagli (Alpi Apuane, Lucca). Tesina di Laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Franzini, M. (1994) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Cassa di Risparmio di Carrara - Amilcare Pizzi Editore S.p.A., Milano, 109 pp.
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Senesi F., 2000. Koninckite e altri fosfati della miniera del Pollone (Valdicastello Carducci, Lucca). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 46-48.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy, 12 (2)
Versiliaite (TL)
Formula: Fe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Type Locality:
Habit: prismatic
Colour: black
Reference: Mellini M., Merlino S., Orlandi P., 1979. Versiliaite and apuanite, two new minerals from the Apuane Alps, Italy. Amer. Miner., 64: 1230-1234. Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Vésigniéite
Formula: BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Colour: green
Description: Type V-2 veins
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 17 (4), 261-268; Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Volaschioite (TL)
Formula: Fe4(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: C. Biagioni (2010): Volaschioite (IMA 2010-005) and associated iron sulphates from the Fornovolasco mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy). 89° Congresso SIMP.
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
'Wad'
Habit: globules
Colour: brown
Reference: Orlandi et al., 1996. Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record, 27: 47-58.
Weddellite
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Wilcoxite
Formula: MgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2O
Reference: Mauro D. (2016): Studio cristallochimico di alcuni solfati di ferro della mineralizzazione a pirite tallifera di Fornovolasco (Alpi Apuane). Tesi magistrale, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Unviersità di Pisa, 137 pp.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Xanthoconite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Pardini, S. & Passarino, G. (2012). Sterryite e parasterryite. I solfosali aciculari di piombo e argento della miniera del Pollone (Pietrasanta, Lucca). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2012, 76-91
Ximengite
Formula: Bi(PO4)
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Bonini, M. (2008). Fornovolasco. Storia e minerali delle miniere di ferro presso Vergemoli (Alpi Apuane). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2008, 230-252
Zaccagnaite (TL)
Formula: Zn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Reference: Merlino, S., and Orlandi, P. (2001) Carraraite and zaccagnaite, two new minerals from the Carrara marble quarries: their chemical compositions, physical properties, and structural features. American Mineralogist, 86, 1293-1301; Orlandi, P. (2004) Carraraite, zaccagnaite, IMA 1998-033 e altre specie rinvenute nelle geodi dei marmi Apuani. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 28, 1 (1-2004), 24-27; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, Pisa, 180 pp.
Zincalstibite (TL)
Formula: Zn2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Reference: Orlandi, P. (2004) Carraraite, zaccagnaite, IMA 1998-033 e altre specie rinvenute nelle geodi dei marmi Apuani. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 28, 1 (1-2004), 24-27; Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., and Orlandi, P. (2007) Zincalstibite, a new mineral, and cualstibite: crystal chemical and structural relationships. American Mineralogist, 92, 198-203; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
Zincite ?
Formula: ZnO
Description: Reported by A. D'Achiardi (1873) but never confirmed.
Reference: D'Achiardi A., 1872/72. Mineralogia della Toscana. Tip. Nistri, Pisa.
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Manasse E., 1906. Contribuzioni alla mineralogia della Toscana. Zoisite del Monte Corchia (Alpi Apuane). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Proc. Verb., 15: 23-24.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Aktashite2.GA.30Cu6Hg3As4S12
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Baumhauerite ?2.HC.05bPb12As16S36
Billingsleyite2.KB.05Ag7AsS6
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Cannizzarite2.JB.20Pb48Bi56S132
Carducciite (TL)2.HB.(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40
Chabournéite2.HC.05eTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
var: Auriferous Chalcopyrite2.CB.10a(Cu,Au)FeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Chovanite2.JB.35ePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Dadsonite2.HC.30Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Diaphorite2.JB.05Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Disulfodadsonite (TL)2.00.Pb11Sb13S30(S2)0.5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Fettelite2.LA.30[Ag6As2S7][Ag10HgAs2S8]
Freibergite ?2.GB.05(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Garavellite (TL)2.HA.20FeSbBiS4
Geocronite2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Giessenite ?2.HB.10bPb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Grumiplucite (TL)2.JA.05bHgBi2S4
Guettardite2.HC.05aPbAsSbS4
Izoklakeite2.HB.10bPb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Jaskólskiite2.HB.05cCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)
Jordanite2.JB.30aPb14(As,Sb)6S23
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Kësterite 2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
Laffittite2.GA.35AgHgAsS3
Livingstonite2.JA.05iHgSb4S6(S2)
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Marrucciite (TL)2.JB.60Hg3Pb16Sb18S46
Meneghinite (TL)2.HB.05bPb13CuSb7S24
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
var: Leviglianite2.CB.05aHgS
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moëloite (TL)2.HC.25Pb6Sb6S14(S3)
Nekrasovite2.CB.30Cu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Owyheeite2.HC.35Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Parapierrotite2.HC.05fTlSb5S8
Pararealgar2.FA.15bAs4S4
Parasterryite (TL)2.HC.40Ag4Pb20Sb14As10S58
Pellouxite (TL)2.JB.35d(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pillaite (TL)2.JB.35cPb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Polhemusite ?2.CB.05c(Zn,Hg)S
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Robinsonite2.HC.20Pb4Sb6S13
Routhierite2.GA.40Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
Rouxelite (TL)2.JB.25jCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Sartorite2.HC.05aPbAs2S4
Scainiite (TL)2.JB.35bPb14Sb30S54O5
Seligmannite2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
Semseyite2.HC.10dPb9Sb8S21
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Sterryite2.LB.30Cu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Sulvanite2.CB.70Cu3VS4
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Tiemannite2.CB.05aHgSe
Tintinaite2.HB.10aPb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Xanthoconite2.GA.10Ag3AsS3
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Calomel3.AA.30(Hg2)2+Cl2
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Sellaite3.AB.15MgF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Apuanite (TL)4.JA.25Fe2+Fe3+4Sb3+4O12S
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Bottinoite (TL)4.FH.05Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Brandholzite4.FH.05MgSb2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Brannerite ?4.DH.05UTi2O6
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Derbylite4.JB.55Fe3+4Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Dessauite-(Y) (TL)4.CC.40(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Ferrihollandite4.DK.Ba(Mn4+6Fe3+2)O16
Gibbsite ?4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Graeserite4.JB.55(Fe3+,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Iron Rose4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Jamborite ?4.FL.05Ni2+1-xCo3+x(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
Karelianite4.CB.05V3+2O3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Lithiophorite ?4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Mannardite4.DK.05bBa(Ti4+6V3+2)O16
var: Ankangite4.DK.05bBa(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16
Mapiquiroite (TL)4.00.(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Montroseite4.FD.10(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Schafarzikite4.JA.20Fe2+Sb3+2O4
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibivanite (TL)4.JA.55Sb2VO5
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Versiliaite (TL)4.JA.30Fe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Zincalstibite (TL)4.FB.10Zn2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Zincite ?4.AB.20ZnO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alumohydrocalcite5.DB.05CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Benstonite5.AB.55Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Beyerite5.BE.35Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Ferroan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Fe)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Claraite5.DA.30(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
Dawsonite5.BB.10NaAlCO3(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nesquehonite5.CA.05MgCO3 · 3H2O
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Zaccagnaite (TL)5.DA.45Zn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alum-(K)7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite ?7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Goldichite7.CC.40KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Khademite7.DB.10Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Krausite7.CC.05KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Magnesiocopiapite7.DB.35MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Rhomboclase7.CB.55(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Römerite7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Volaschioite (TL)7.DE.62Fe4(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 2H2O
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Wilcoxite7.DE.45MgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Bariopharmacosiderite8.DK.10Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Cornubite8.BD.30Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Destinezite8.DB.05Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Florencite-(Ce)8.BL.13CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Gasparite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(AsO4)
Hörnesite8.CE.40Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Koninckite8.CE.55Fe3+PO4 · 3H2O
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Tyrolite8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Vésigniéite8.BH.45BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Ximengite8.AD.45Bi(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La) (TL)9.BG.05b{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chapmanite9.ED.25Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clino-suenoite9.DE.□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cymrite9.EG.05BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fraipontite9.ED.15(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halloysite-7Å9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pecoraite9.ED.15Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyroxmangite9.DO.05MnSiO3
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Roscoelite9.EC.15K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Serandite9.DG.05NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sudoite ?9.EC.55Mg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
Sugilite9.CM.05K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Tinzenite9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Dinite (TL)10.BA.15C20H36
Weddellite10.AB.40Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Andorite'-AgPbSb3S6
Andreadiniite (TL)-CuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arsenmarcobaldiite (TL)-Pb12(As3.2Sb2.8)Σ6S21
Arsiccioite (TL)-AgHg2Tl(As,Sb)2S6
Bernarlottiite (TL)-Pb6(As5Sb3)S18
Bianchiniite (TL)-Ba2(TiV)(As2O5)2OF
Bohuslavite (TL)-Fe3+4(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 <= n <= 24)
Boscardinite (TL)-TlPb4(Sb7As2)S18
'Chlorite Group'-
'Dravite-Schorl Series'-
Ferdowsiite-Ag8(Sb5As3)S16
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Giacovazzoite (TL)-K5Fe3+3O(SO4)6·10H2O
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Linnaeite-Polydymite Series'-
Magnanelliite (TL)-K3Fe3+2(SO4)4(OH)(H2O)2
Magnesiovoltaite ?-K2Mg5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12·18H2O
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
Marcobaldiite (TL)-Pb12(Sb3As2Bi)Σ6S21
Meerschautite (TL)-(Ag,Cu)6Pb43-2xSb44+2xS112Ox (x ~0.5)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Oxycalcioroméite (TL)-Ca2Sb2O6O
'Pearceite-T2ac'-
Polloneite (TL)-AgPb46As26Sb23S120
Protochabournéite (TL)-Tl2Pb(Sb,As)10S17
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)' ?-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Scapolite'-
Scordariite (TL)-K8(Fe3+0.670.33)[Fe3+3O(SO4)6]2·14H2O
Scorticoite (TL)-Mn6(Sb☐)Σ2(SiO4)2O3(OH)3
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Suenoite (TL)-□Mn2Mg5Si8O22(OH)2
'Targionite' (TL)-
Tetrahedrite-(Hg) (TL)-Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4S12S
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pararealgar2.8.21.2As4S4
Polhemusite ?2.8.3.1(Zn,Hg)S
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Tiemannite2.8.2.4HgSe
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Kësterite 2.9.2.9Cu2ZnSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Vaesite2.12.1.2NiS2
Oxysulfides
Kermesite2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Billingsleyite3.1.6.1Ag7AsS6
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
Nekrasovite3.1.1.3Cu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
Fettelite3.2.10.[Ag6As2S7][Ag10HgAs2S8]
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
Sulvanite3.2.3.1Cu3VS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite ?3.3.6.3(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Geocronite3.3.1.2Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Jordanite3.3.1.1Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Meneghinite (TL)3.3.5.1Pb13CuSb7S24
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Aktashite3.4.13.2Cu6Hg3As4S12
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Laffittite3.4.10.2AgHgAsS3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Routhierite3.4.11.1Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
Seligmannite3.4.3.1PbCuAsS3
Xanthoconite3.4.2.1Ag3AsS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Diaphorite3.5.4.1Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Giessenite ?3.5.12.2Pb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
Izoklakeite3.5.12.1Pb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
Jaskólskiite3.5.13.1CuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)
Owyheeite3.5.10.1Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Parasterryite (TL)3.5.12.2Ag4Pb20Sb14As10S58
Sterryite3.5.3.1Cu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56
2 < ø < 2.49
Baumhauerite ?3.6.13.1Pb12As16S36
Cannizzarite3.6.5.1Pb48Bi56S132
Dadsonite3.6.8.1Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Robinsonite3.6.16.1Pb4Sb6S13
Semseyite3.6.20.4Pb9Sb8S21
Tintinaite3.6.19.2Pb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
ø = 2
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
Garavellite (TL)3.7.9.4FeSbBiS4
Guettardite3.7.8.2PbAsSbS4
Livingstonite3.7.11.1HgSb4S6(S2)
Miargyrite3.7.3.2AgSbS2
Sartorite3.7.8.1PbAs2S4
1 < ø < 2
Chabournéite3.8.12.1Tl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34
Parapierrotite3.8.14.1TlSb5S8
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Chovanite3.10.4.Pb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Zincite ?4.2.2.1ZnO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Karelianite4.3.1.4V3+2O3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Montroseite6.1.1.4(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
X(OH)3
Bottinoite (TL)6.3.9.1Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Gibbsite ?6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Jamborite ?6.3.8.1Ni2+1-xCo3+x(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
Nordstrandite6.3.3.1Al(OH)3
Miscellaneous
Lithiophorite ?6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Mannardite7.9.5.1Ba(Ti4+6V3+2)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)' ?
8.2.3.4A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
AB2O6
Brannerite ?8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Calomel9.1.8.1(Hg2)2+Cl2
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Sellaite9.2.2.1MgF2
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nesquehonite13.1.5.1MgCO3 · 3H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Benstonite14.2.3.1Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Beyerite16a.2.3.1Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Dawsonite16a.3.8.1NaAlCO3(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Alumohydrocalcite16b.2.3.1CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Claraite16b.4.3.1(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
Zaccagnaite (TL)16b.6.1.4Zn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite ?28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Rhomboclase29.1.1.1(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(K)29.5.5.1KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Goldichite29.5.2.1KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Krausite29.5.1.1KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Römerite29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
Miscellaneous
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Volaschioite (TL)31.4.11.Fe4(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Khademite31.9.11.1Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Wilcoxite31.9.9.1MgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Magnesiocopiapite31.10.5.2MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Gasparite-(Ce)38.4.3.6Ce(AsO4)
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Ximengite38.4.9.1Bi(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hörnesite40.3.6.7Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Koninckite40.4.2.1Fe3+PO4 · 3H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornubite41.4.2.1Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Florencite-(Ce)41.5.10.2CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Vésigniéite41.5.13.1BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tyrolite42.4.3.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Bariopharmacosiderite42.8.1a.3Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Apuanite (TL)45.1.9.1Fe2+Fe3+4Sb3+4O12S
Schafarzikite45.1.6.1Fe2+Sb3+2O4
Stibivanite (TL)45.1.11.2Sb2VO5
Versiliaite (TL)45.1.10.1Fe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Group 46 - ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Derbylite46.2.3.2Fe3+4Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Weddellite50.1.2.1Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Hydrocarbons
Dinite (TL)50.3.5.1C20H36
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Tinzenite56.2.2.4Ca2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La) (TL)58.2.1a.2{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Sugilite63.2.1a.9K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Serandite65.2.1.5NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=7
Pyroxmangite65.6.1.1MnSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chapmanite71.1.3.2Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Fraipontite71.1.2c.4(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pecoraite71.1.2d.4Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Roscoelite71.2.2a.4K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Sudoite ?71.4.1.3Mg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Cymrite78.1.3.1BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Andorite'-AgPbSb3S6
Andreadiniite (TL)-CuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
Arsenmarcobaldiite (TL)-Pb12(As3.2Sb2.8)Σ6S21
Arsiccioite (TL)-AgHg2Tl(As,Sb)2S6
Bernarlottiite (TL)-Pb6(As5Sb3)S18
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bianchiniite (TL)-Ba2(TiV)(As2O5)2OF
Bohuslavite (TL)-Fe3+4(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 <= n <= 24)
Boscardinite (TL)-TlPb4(Sb7As2)S18
Brandholzite-MgSb2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Calcite
var: Ferroan Calcite
-(Ca,Fe)CO3
Carducciite (TL)-(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40
Chalcopyrite
var: Auriferous Chalcopyrite
-(Cu,Au)FeS2
'Chlorite Group'-
Clino-suenoite-□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Dessauite-(Y) (TL)-(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Destinezite-Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Disulfodadsonite (TL)-Pb11Sb13S30(S2)0.5
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'Dravite-Schorl Series'-
Ferdowsiite-Ag8(Sb5As3)S16
Ferrihollandite-Ba(Mn4+6Fe3+2)O16
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Giacovazzoite (TL)-K5Fe3+3O(SO4)6·10H2O
Graeserite-(Fe3+ ,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Grumiplucite (TL)-HgBi2S4
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Halloysite-7Å-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hematite
var: Iron Rose
-Fe2O3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Linnaeite-Polydymite Series'-
Magnanelliite (TL)-K3Fe3+2(SO4)4(OH)(H2O)2
Magnesiovoltaite ?-K2Mg5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12·18H2O
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
Mannardite
var: Ankangite
-Ba(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16
Mapiquiroite (TL)-(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Marcobaldiite (TL)-Pb12(Sb3As2Bi)Σ6S21
Marrucciite (TL)-Hg3Pb16Sb18S46
Meerschautite (TL)-(Ag,Cu)6Pb43-2xSb44+2xS112Ox (x ~0.5)
Metacinnabar
var: Leviglianite
-HgS
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Moëloite (TL)-Pb6Sb6S14(S3)
Oxycalcioroméite (TL)-Ca2Sb2O6O
'Pearceite-T2ac'-
Pellouxite (TL)-(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Pillaite (TL)-Pb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Polloneite (TL)-AgPb46As26Sb23S120
Protochabournéite (TL)-Tl2Pb(Sb,As)10S17
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
Rouxelite (TL)-Cu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Scainiite (TL)-Pb14Sb30S54O5
'Scapolite'-
Scordariite (TL)-K8(Fe3+0.670.33)[Fe3+3O(SO4)6]2·14H2O
Scorticoite (TL)-Mn6(Sb☐)Σ2(SiO4)2O3(OH)3
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Suenoite (TL)-□Mn2Mg5Si8O22(OH)2
'Targionite' (FRL)-
Tetrahedrite-(Hg) (TL)-Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4S12S
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
Zincalstibite (TL)-Zn2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BottinoiteNi2+Sb25+(OH)12 · 6H2O
H VolaschioiteFe4(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 2H2O
H GiacovazzoiteK5Fe33+O(SO4)6·10H2O
H MagnanelliiteK3Fe23+(SO4)4(OH)(H2O)2
H ScordariiteK8(Fe3+0.670.33)[Fe33+O(SO4)6]2·14H2O
H Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BohuslaviteFe43+(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 ≤ n ≤ 24)
H ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
H ScorticoiteMn6(Sb☐)Σ2(SiO4)2O3(OH)3
H Suenoite□Mn2Mg5Si8O22(OH)2
H ZincalstibiteZn2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
H DiniteC20H36
H DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Graeserite(Fe3+,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
H MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H WilcoxiteMgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
H KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
H Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
H ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BrandholziteMgSb2(OH)12 · 6H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
H RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
H Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
H Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
H Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
H AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H NordstranditeAl(OH)3
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
H TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
H MagnesiovoltaiteK2Mg5Fe33+Al(SO4)12·18H2O
H JamboriteNi2+1-xCox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
H SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
LiLithium
Li SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
CCarbon
C ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
C DiniteC20H36
C SideriteFeCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
C WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
C GraphiteC
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
C NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
C Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
OOxygen
O ApuaniteFe2+Fe43+Sb43+O12S
O StibivaniteSb2VO5
O PillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
O Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
O BottinoiteNi2+Sb25+(OH)12 · 6H2O
O VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
O ScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5
O Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
O VolaschioiteFe4(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 2H2O
O Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
O GiacovazzoiteK5Fe33+O(SO4)6·10H2O
O MagnanelliiteK3Fe23+(SO4)4(OH)(H2O)2
O ScordariiteK8(Fe3+0.670.33)[Fe33+O(SO4)6]2·14H2O
O Meerschautite(Ag,Cu)6Pb43-2xSb44+2xS112Ox (x ~0.5)
O BianchiniiteBa2(TiV)(As2O5)2OF
O Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O OxycalcioroméiteCa2Sb2O6O
O BohuslaviteFe43+(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 ≤ n ≤ 24)
O ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
O ScorticoiteMn6(Sb☐)Σ2(SiO4)2O3(OH)3
O Suenoite□Mn2Mg5Si8O22(OH)2
O ZincalstibiteZn2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O AnataseTiO2
O Graeserite(Fe3+,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O RutileTiO2
O CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CerussitePbCO3
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O XimengiteBi(PO4)
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
O MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O WilcoxiteMgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O CalciteCaCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Mannardite (var: Ankangite)Ba(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
O BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
O ChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)
O MannarditeBa(Ti64+V23+)O16
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O SenarmontiteSb2O3
O HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O CupriteCu2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
O Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O SchafarzikiteFe2+Sb23+O4
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
O KarelianiteV23+O3
O ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O BrandholziteMgSb2(OH)12 · 6H2O
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
O CelestineSrSO4
O RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
O Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
O Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
O AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O UraniniteUO2
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O NordstranditeAl(OH)3
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O FerrihollanditeBa(Mn64+Fe23+)O16
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O TenoriteCuO
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O BrookiteTiO2
O Hematite (var: Iron Rose)Fe2O3
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
O BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O KermesiteSb2S2O
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
O TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
O MagnesiovoltaiteK2Mg5Fe33+Al(SO4)12·18H2O
O JamboriteNi2+1-xCox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
O BranneriteUTi2O6
O ZinciteZnO
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
O Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
FFluorine
F BianchiniiteBa2(TiV)(As2O5)2OF
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
F WilcoxiteMgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2O
F KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F SellaiteMgF2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
Na LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Na SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Na SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Suenoite□Mn2Mg5Si8O22(OH)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg WilcoxiteMgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Mg HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg BrandholziteMgSb2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg SellaiteMgF2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg MagnesiovoltaiteK2Mg5Fe33+Al(SO4)12·18H2O
Mg SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Al ZincalstibiteZn2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al WilcoxiteMgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2O
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Al KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Al Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
Al RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Al Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Al NordstranditeAl(OH)3
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Al MagnesiovoltaiteK2Mg5Fe33+Al(SO4)12·18H2O
Al SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
Al Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
SiSilicon
Si Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ScorticoiteMn6(Sb☐)Σ2(SiO4)2O3(OH)3
Si Suenoite□Mn2Mg5Si8O22(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Si PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Si TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Si SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
PPhosphorus
P BohuslaviteFe43+(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 ≤ n ≤ 24)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P XimengiteBi(PO4)
P KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
P DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S ApuaniteFe2+Fe43+Sb43+O12S
S PillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
S Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
S MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
S GrumipluciteHgBi2S4
S VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
S ScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5
S VolaschioiteFe4(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 2H2O
S BoscardiniteTlPb4(Sb7As2)S18
S ArsiccioiteAgHg2Tl(As,Sb)2S6
S GiacovazzoiteK5Fe33+O(SO4)6·10H2O
S MagnanelliiteK3Fe23+(SO4)4(OH)(H2O)2
S ScordariiteK8(Fe3+0.670.33)[Fe33+O(SO4)6]2·14H2O
S MarcobaldiitePb12(Sb3As2Bi)Σ6S21
S ArsenmarcobaldiitePb12(As3.2Sb2.8)Σ6S21
S DisulfodadsonitePb11Sb13S30(S2)0.5
S BernarlottiitePb6(As5Sb3)S18
S ParasterryiteAg4Pb20Sb14As10S58
S Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40
S Meerschautite(Ag,Cu)6Pb43-2xSb44+2xS112Ox (x ~0.5)
S PolloneiteAgPb46As26Sb23S120
S ProtochabournéiteTl2Pb(Sb,As)10S17
S AndreadiniiteCuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48
S RouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
S MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46
S BohuslaviteFe43+(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 ≤ n ≤ 24)
S Tetrahedrite-(Hg)Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4S12S
S GaravelliteFeSbBiS4
S MoëloitePb6Sb6S14(S3)
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
S SulvaniteCu3VS4
S CinnabarHgS
S GuettarditePbAsSbS4
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
S TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S MilleriteNiS
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S SulphurS8
S JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)
S RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
S StibniteSb2S3
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
S MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S WilcoxiteMgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2O
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
S AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
S LaffittiteAgHgAsS3
S ChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)
S AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
S RealgarAs4S4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S FerdowsiiteAg8(Sb5As3)S16
S ChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34
S ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8
S MiargyriteAgSbS2
S GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S XanthoconiteAg3AsS3
S BillingsleyiteAg7AsS6
S Fettelite[Ag6As2S7][Ag10HgAs2S8]
S JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
S OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
S ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
S DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
S Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
S MetacinnabarHgS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S GreenockiteCdS
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
S DigeniteCu9S5
S CelestineSrSO4
S Metacinnabar (var: Leviglianite)HgS
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S Chalcopyrite (var: Auriferous Chalcopyrite)(Cu,Au)FeS2
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S VaesiteNiS2
S SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
S SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
S Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
S Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
S LivingstoniteHgSb4S6(S2)
S PararealgarAs4S4
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S OrpimentAs2S3
S SartoritePbAs2S4
S DadsonitePb23Sb25S60Cl
S IzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
S AcanthiteAg2S
S KermesiteSb2S2O
S DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
S ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
S MagnesiovoltaiteK2Mg5Fe33+Al(SO4)12·18H2O
S Polhemusite(Zn,Hg)S
S JamboriteNi2+1-xCox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
S GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
ClChlorine
Cl PillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Cl Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl DadsonitePb23Sb25S60Cl
KPotassium
K GiacovazzoiteK5Fe33+O(SO4)6·10H2O
K MagnanelliiteK3Fe23+(SO4)4(OH)(H2O)2
K ScordariiteK8(Fe3+0.670.33)[Fe33+O(SO4)6]2·14H2O
K Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
K KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
K GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
K MagnesiovoltaiteK2Mg5Fe33+Al(SO4)12·18H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca OxycalcioroméiteCa2Sb2O6O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Ca AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Ca TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
TiTitanium
Ti Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Ti Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Ti BianchiniiteBa2(TiV)(As2O5)2OF
Ti DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Graeserite(Fe3+,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Mannardite (var: Ankangite)Ba(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16
Ti MannarditeBa(Ti64+V23+)O16
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti BranneriteUTi2O6
VVanadium
V StibivaniteSb2VO5
V BianchiniiteBa2(TiV)(As2O5)2OF
V ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
V SulvaniteCu3VS4
V Mannardite (var: Ankangite)Ba(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16
V MannarditeBa(Ti64+V23+)O16
V KarelianiteV23+O3
V Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
V NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
V RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
V VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
CrChromium
Cr Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Cr Mannardite (var: Ankangite)Ba(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16
MnManganese
Mn ScorticoiteMn6(Sb☐)Σ2(SiO4)2O3(OH)3
Mn Suenoite□Mn2Mg5Si8O22(OH)2
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Mn PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Mn Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mn FerrihollanditeBa(Mn64+Fe23+)O16
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Mn TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Mn Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
FeIron
Fe ApuaniteFe2+Fe43+Sb43+O12S
Fe VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Fe Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Fe VolaschioiteFe4(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Fe GiacovazzoiteK5Fe33+O(SO4)6·10H2O
Fe MagnanelliiteK3Fe23+(SO4)4(OH)(H2O)2
Fe ScordariiteK8(Fe3+0.670.33)[Fe33+O(SO4)6]2·14H2O
Fe Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe BohuslaviteFe43+(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 ≤ n ≤ 24)
Fe GaravelliteFeSbBiS4
Fe DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Graeserite(Fe3+,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Fe MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2O
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe SchafarzikiteFe2+Sb23+O4
Fe DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Fe ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Fe Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
Fe Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Fe Chalcopyrite (var: Auriferous Chalcopyrite)(Cu,Au)FeS2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
Fe FerrihollanditeBa(Mn64+Fe23+)O16
Fe IzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
Fe Hematite (var: Iron Rose)Fe2O3
Fe BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Fe ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Fe MagnesiovoltaiteK2Mg5Fe33+Al(SO4)12·18H2O
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co JamboriteNi2+1-xCox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
NiNickel
Ni BottinoiteNi2+Sb25+(OH)12 · 6H2O
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
Ni Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Ni PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni VaesiteNiS2
Ni ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni JamboriteNi2+1-xCox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
CuCopper
Cu Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Cu MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Cu Meerschautite(Ag,Cu)6Pb43-2xSb44+2xS112Ox (x ~0.5)
Cu AndreadiniiteCuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48
Cu RouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Cu Tetrahedrite-(Hg)Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4S12S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
Cu SulvaniteCu3VS4
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)
Cu RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
Cu AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56
Cu FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Cu ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu Chalcopyrite (var: Auriferous Chalcopyrite)(Cu,Au)FeS2
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cu CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
Cu Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Cu TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Cu Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu IzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Cu GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
ZnZinc
Zn VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Zn ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Zn ZincalstibiteZn2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
Zn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Zn Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn Polhemusite(Zn,Hg)S
Zn ZinciteZnO
AsArsenic
As VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
As BoscardiniteTlPb4(Sb7As2)S18
As ArsiccioiteAgHg2Tl(As,Sb)2S6
As MarcobaldiitePb12(Sb3As2Bi)Σ6S21
As ArsenmarcobaldiitePb12(As3.2Sb2.8)Σ6S21
As BernarlottiitePb6(As5Sb3)S18
As ParasterryiteAg4Pb20Sb14As10S58
As Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40
As PolloneiteAgPb46As26Sb23S120
As ProtochabournéiteTl2Pb(Sb,As)10S17
As BianchiniiteBa2(TiV)(As2O5)2OF
As ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
As GuettarditePbAsSbS4
As Graeserite(Fe3+,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
As AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
As LaffittiteAgHgAsS3
As RealgarAs4S4
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As FerdowsiiteAg8(Sb5As3)S16
As ChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34
As HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
As SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56
As XanthoconiteAg3AsS3
As BillingsleyiteAg7AsS6
As Fettelite[Ag6As2S7][Ag10HgAs2S8]
As JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
As NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
As LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
As CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
As TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
As Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
As PararealgarAs4S4
As ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
As Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
As OrpimentAs2S3
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As SartoritePbAs2S4
As BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
As BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
SeSelenium
Se TiemanniteHgSe
SrStrontium
Sr Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Sr Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Sr CelestineSrSO4
YYttrium
Y Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Y Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Ag ArsiccioiteAgHg2Tl(As,Sb)2S6
Ag ParasterryiteAg4Pb20Sb14As10S58
Ag Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40
Ag Meerschautite(Ag,Cu)6Pb43-2xSb44+2xS112Ox (x ~0.5)
Ag PolloneiteAgPb46As26Sb23S120
Ag AndreadiniiteCuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag LaffittiteAgHgAsS3
Ag AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Ag FerdowsiiteAg8(Sb5As3)S16
Ag MiargyriteAgSbS2
Ag SilverAg
Ag SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56
Ag XanthoconiteAg3AsS3
Ag BillingsleyiteAg7AsS6
Ag Fettelite[Ag6As2S7][Ag10HgAs2S8]
Ag OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Ag IzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
Ag ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ag Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SnTin
Sn NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
Sn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb ApuaniteFe2+Fe43+Sb43+O12S
Sb StibivaniteSb2VO5
Sb PillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Sb Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Sb BottinoiteNi2+Sb25+(OH)12 · 6H2O
Sb MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Sb VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Sb ScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5
Sb BoscardiniteTlPb4(Sb7As2)S18
Sb ArsiccioiteAgHg2Tl(As,Sb)2S6
Sb MarcobaldiitePb12(Sb3As2Bi)Σ6S21
Sb ArsenmarcobaldiitePb12(As3.2Sb2.8)Σ6S21
Sb DisulfodadsonitePb11Sb13S30(S2)0.5
Sb BernarlottiitePb6(As5Sb3)S18
Sb ParasterryiteAg4Pb20Sb14As10S58
Sb Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40
Sb Meerschautite(Ag,Cu)6Pb43-2xSb44+2xS112Ox (x ~0.5)
Sb PolloneiteAgPb46As26Sb23S120
Sb ProtochabournéiteTl2Pb(Sb,As)10S17
Sb AndreadiniiteCuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48
Sb RouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Sb MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46
Sb OxycalcioroméiteCa2Sb2O6O
Sb Tetrahedrite-(Hg)Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4S12S
Sb GaravelliteFeSbBiS4
Sb ScorticoiteMn6(Sb☐)Σ2(SiO4)2O3(OH)3
Sb ZincalstibiteZn2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Sb MoëloitePb6Sb6S14(S3)
Sb DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb GuettarditePbAsSbS4
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Sb TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
Sb ChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)
Sb AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Sb FerdowsiiteAg8(Sb5As3)S16
Sb ChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34
Sb ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8
Sb SenarmontiteSb2O3
Sb MiargyriteAgSbS2
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Sb SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56
Sb FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Sb JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
Sb OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Sb ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Sb SchafarzikiteFe2+Sb23+O4
Sb ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb BrandholziteMgSb2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Sb NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
Sb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
Sb LivingstoniteHgSb4S6(S2)
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb DadsonitePb23Sb25S60Cl
Sb IzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
Sb KermesiteSb2S2O
Sb DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
Sb Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Sb GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
TeTellurium
Te ColoradoiteHgTe
BaBarium
Ba BianchiniiteBa2(TiV)(As2O5)2OF
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Mannardite (var: Ankangite)Ba(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16
Ba CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Ba BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Ba MannarditeBa(Ti64+V23+)O16
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ba VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Ba FerrihollanditeBa(Mn64+Fe23+)O16
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Ba BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
LaLanthanum
La Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ce Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Ce Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W StolzitePb(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Chalcopyrite (var: Auriferous Chalcopyrite)(Cu,Au)FeS2
HgMercury
Hg GrumipluciteHgBi2S4
Hg ArsiccioiteAgHg2Tl(As,Sb)2S6
Hg AndreadiniiteCuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48
Hg RouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Hg MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46
Hg Tetrahedrite-(Hg)Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4S12S
Hg MercuryHg
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2
Hg RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
Hg AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
Hg LaffittiteAgHgAsS3
Hg Fettelite[Ag6As2S7][Ag10HgAs2S8]
Hg ColoradoiteHgTe
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
Hg TiemanniteHgSe
Hg Metacinnabar (var: Leviglianite)HgS
Hg LivingstoniteHgSb4S6(S2)
Hg Polhemusite(Zn,Hg)S
TlThallium
Tl BoscardiniteTlPb4(Sb7As2)S18
Tl ArsiccioiteAgHg2Tl(As,Sb)2S6
Tl ProtochabournéiteTl2Pb(Sb,As)10S17
Tl RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
Tl ChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34
Tl ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8
PbLead
Pb PillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Pb Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Pb MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Pb ScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5
Pb Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Pb BoscardiniteTlPb4(Sb7As2)S18
Pb Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Pb MarcobaldiitePb12(Sb3As2Bi)Σ6S21
Pb ArsenmarcobaldiitePb12(As3.2Sb2.8)Σ6S21
Pb DisulfodadsonitePb11Sb13S30(S2)0.5
Pb BernarlottiitePb6(As5Sb3)S18
Pb ParasterryiteAg4Pb20Sb14As10S58
Pb Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40
Pb Meerschautite(Ag,Cu)6Pb43-2xSb44+2xS112Ox (x ~0.5)
Pb PolloneiteAgPb46As26Sb23S120
Pb ProtochabournéiteTl2Pb(Sb,As)10S17
Pb AndreadiniiteCuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48
Pb RouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Pb MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46
Pb MoëloitePb6Sb6S14(S3)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb GuettarditePbAsSbS4
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Pb TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb ChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)
Pb AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Pb ChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34
Pb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56
Pb JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
Pb OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
Pb SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb SartoritePbAs2S4
Pb DadsonitePb23Sb25S60Cl
Pb IzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
Pb DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
Pb BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
Pb GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
BiBismuth
Bi GrumipluciteHgBi2S4
Bi MarcobaldiitePb12(Sb3As2Bi)Σ6S21
Bi GaravelliteFeSbBiS4
Bi TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)
Bi XimengiteBi(PO4)
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132
Bi IzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
Bi BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bi GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
UUranium
U Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
U Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
U UraniniteUO2
U Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
U BranneriteUTi2O6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A) </