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Giessenite

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About GiesseniteHide

07027470014947218391887.jpg
Turschi dolomite deposit, Giessen, Binntal, Wallis, Switzerland

Turtschi, Giessen, Binn, Goms, Valais, Switzerland
Formula:
Pb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
Colour:
Greyish-black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
7.45 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
For the type locality.
Giessenite-Izoklakeite Series.

"There is apparently a quasi-continuous solid solution from giessenite to izoklakeite with increasing Sb/Bi ratio, which is nevertheless always < 1 except for izoklakeite of the type locality (∼ 1.04). The main difference is that the monoclinic symmetry of giessenite (Bi-rich) changes to orthorhombic in izoklakeite (Sb-rich) (Makovicky & Karup-Møller, 1986). The exact Sb/Bi ratio at which the symmetry changes is unknown." (Moëlo et al., 2008)


Classification of GiesseniteHide

Approved
2.HB.10b

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb
3.5.12.2

3 : SULFOSALTS
5 : 2.5 < ø < 3
5.6.27

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone

Physical Properties of GiesseniteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Greyish-black
Streak:
Grayish black
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=65 - Vickers
Density:
7.45 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of GiesseniteHide

Formula:
Pb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
IMA Formula:
(Cu,Fe)2Pb26.4(Bi,Sb)19.6S57
Common Impurities:
Fe

Crystallography of GiesseniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 34.62(3) Å, b = 38.18(5) Å, c = 4.080(8) Å
β = 90.33(5)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.907 : 1 : 0.107
Unit Cell V:
5,392.82 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Fine needles to 1.5mm
Twinning:
Intimately on (100)
Comment:
Pseudo-orthorhombic.

Type Occurrence of GiesseniteHide

Synonyms of GiesseniteHide

Other Language Names for GiesseniteHide

German:Giessenit
Simplified Chinese:针辉铋铅矿
Spanish:Giessenita

Relationship of Giessenite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
IzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57Orth.
KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
Forms a series with:

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HB.BarikaiteAg3Pb10(Sb8As11)S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.05aAikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.05aFriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
2.HB.05aGladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aHammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
2.HB.05cJaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aKrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
2.HB.05aLindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05bMeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aPekoitePbCuBi11S18Orth.
2.HB.05aEmilitePb2.7Cu2.7Bi5.3S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPbCu0.33Pb0.33Bi7.67S12
2.HB.05aSalzburgitePb1.6Cu1.6Bi6.4S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPbCuPb(Ni,Co)0.3Bi3Se6
2.HB.05aPaaritePb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.10cEclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.10bIzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57Orth.
2.HB.10aKobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.10aTintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.15BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.15JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.20dBerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20bBuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3Orth.
2.HB.20aNagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20eWatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
2.HB.20cMuseumite[Pb2(Pb,Sb)2S8][(Te,Au)2]Mon. 2
2.HB.20eLitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.5.12.1IzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57Orth.
3.5.12.2ParasterryiteAg4Pb20Sb14As10S58Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.6.1SartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.3LiveingitePb9As13S28Mon.
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.11LaunayiteCuPb10(Sb,As)12S20Mon.
5.6.12PlayfairitePb16(Sb,As)19S44ClMon.
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.14MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43Orth.
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
5.6.20VeenitePb16Sb9-xAs7+xS40, x ~ 0-0.5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.21SorbyiteCuPb9(Sb,As)11S26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.25CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29XilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
5.6.30WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
5.6.31WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27Mon.
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GiesseniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist: 50: 264.
American Mineralogist: 72: 229.
Makovicky, E. & Karup-Møller, S. (1986): New data on giessenite from the Bjørkåsen sulfide deposit at Otoften, northern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist 24, 21-25.
Moëlo, Y.; Roger, G.; Maurel-Palacin, D.; Marcoux, E.; Laroussi, A. (1995): Chemistry of some Pb-(Cu,Fe)-(Sb,Bi) sulfosalts from France and Portugal. Implications for the crystal chemistry of lead sulfosalts in the Cu-poor part of the Pb2S2-Cu2S-Sb2S3-Bi2S3 system. Mineralogy and Petrology 53, 229-250.
Ozawa, T., Saitow, A., Hori, H. (1998): Chemistry and crystallography of Bi-rich izoklakeite from the Otome mine, Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan and discussion of the izoklakeite-giessenite series. Mineralogical Journal 20, 179-187.

Internet Links for GiesseniteHide

Localities for GiesseniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Santa Cruz Province
    • Deseado department
      • Deseado massif
        • Tres Cerros
Jovic, S.M., Guido, D.M., Schalamuk, I.B., Ríos, F.J., Tassinari, C.C.G., Recio. C. (2011): Pingüino In-bearing polymetallic vein deposit, Deseado Massif, Patagonia, Argentina: characteristics of mineralization and ore-forming fluids. Mineralium Deposita, 46, 257-271.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Heiligenblut am Großglockner
        • Zirmsee area
Bergbau in Westkärnten
      • Malta
        • Kölnbreinspitze - Lausnock area
A.Pichler, A. (2009) Bergbau in Westkärnten, Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. Verlag des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Kärnten, Klagenfurt, Sonderheft 63, 416 pages [in German].
Pichler, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. - Carinthia II, 63. Sh., 416 S., Klagenfurt
    • Wolfsberg District
      • Frantschach-Sankt Gertraud
        • Brandrücken
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
China
 
  • Guangxi
    • Hechi
      • Nandan County
        • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
Pašava, J., Kříbek, B., Dobeš, P., Vavřín, I., Žák, K., Fan Delian, Zhang Tao, and Boiron, M.-C. (2003): Mineralium Deposita 38(1), 39-66.
  • Tibet
    • Lhasa
      • Maizhokunggar Co. (Mozhugongka Co.)
Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Tavagnasco
        • Tavagnasco Mines (Tavagnasco Mine; Liva and Tavagnasco Mines; Tavagnasco mining district)
Bindi L., Biagioni, C., Martini, B. Salvetti, A. (2016): Ciriottiite, Cu(Cu,Ag)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As2)S56, the Cu-analogue of sterryite from the Tavagnasco mining district, Piedmont, Italy. Minerals, 6 (1), 8, 13 pp.; doi:10.3390/min6010008
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Seravezza
Orlandi, P. (2007). Seit uber 2000 Jahren: Marmorabbau in der Toskana. Geologie und Mineralien der Apuaner Alpen. Die Mineralien der Marmor-gebiete rund um Carrara, bei Massa und der Versilia. Lapis, 7/8, 15-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Japan
 
  • Yamanashi Prefecture
    • Kinpuzan mining district
      • Kofu City
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 20 (1998) , No. 4 pp 179-187
Kosovo
 
  • Mitrovica District
    • Mitrovica
      • Trepča valley
        • Trepča complex
Kołodziejczyk, J., Pršek, J., Voudouris, P. C., & Melfos, V. (2017). Bi-sulphotellurides associated with Pb–Bi–(Sb±Ag, Cu, Fe) sulphosalts: an example from the Stan Terg deposit in Kosovo. Geologica Carpathica, 68(4), 366-381.
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Narvik
      • Ballangen
Karup-Møller, S. (1973): A giessenite-cosalite-galena-bearing mineral suite from the Bjørkåsen sulphide deposit at Ofoten in Northern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 53, 41-64; Makovicky, E. & Karup-Møller, S. (1986): New data on giessenite from the Bjørkåsen sulfide deposit at Otoften, northern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist 24, 21-25.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kamienna Góra County
      • Gmina Kamienna Góra
        • Rędziny
Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2006: Cu(Ag)-Pb-Bi(Sb) sulphosalts from Rędziny (Western Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 78-80; Pieczka, A., Gołębiowska, B., & Parafiniuk, J. (2011). Gold in sulfide-telluride assemblages at Rędziny, Rudawy Janowickie Range. Gold in Poland, AM Monograph, (2), 119-134.
Romania
 
  • Maramureș
    • Borșa
Nigel G. Cook : "Bismuth Sulphosalts from Hydrothermal Vein Deposits of Neogen Age, N.W. Romania, Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. , 143, 1998 / Lecture to the Austrian Mineralogical Society, 23rd June 1997, Salzburg.
Russia
 
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Lugokan ore cluster
Gaskova, O. L., Redin, Y. O., Nevolko, P. A., Kolpakova, M. N., & Naymushina, O. S. (2018). Physicochemical modeling of hightemperature stages of gold deposition at the lugokanskoe deposit (eastern Transbaikalia). Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University, Geo Assets Engineering, 329(10), 57-66.; Redin, Y. O., Dultsev, V. F., & Nevolko, P. A. (2015). Gold–bismuth mineralization of the Lugokan ore field (Eastern Transbaikalia): Age, mineral composition and relationship with magmatism. Ore Geology Reviews, 70, 228-240.
Redin, Y. O., Dultsev, V. F., & Nevolko, P. A. (2015). Gold–bismuth mineralization of the Lugokan ore field (Eastern Transbaikalia): Age, mineral composition and relationship with magmatism. Ore Geology Reviews, 70, 228-240.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno District
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Pršek J. & Ozdín D., 2004: Nuffieldit Pb2Cu(Pb,Bi)Bi2S7 z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 273-278.
      • Jarabá
Ozdín, D., Pršek, J. (2004): Sulfosoli homologického radu lillianitu z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 279-285.
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava District
      • Gemerská Poloma
Martin Števko, unpublished-EMPA-WDS confirmed
      • Rožňava
Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002:Nejznámejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 136p
Sweden
 
  • Örebro County
    • Askersund
      • Hammar
Handbook of Mineralogy
Switzerland (TL)
 
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Binn
        • Giessen
Schweiz.Min.Petr.Mitt.(1963) 43, 471-478
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin mining district
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 182.
 
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