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Lindströmite

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About LindströmiteHide

08581600015209890411938.jpg
Gustaf Lindström
Formula:
Pb3Cu3Bi7S15
Colour:
lead-grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3 - 3½
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in honor of Gustaf Lindström (1 July 1838 - 24 May 1916), Swedish mineral analyst and paleontologist at the Riksmuseum AE Nordenskiöld.

Classification of LindströmiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
Approval Year:
1975
2.HB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb
3.4.5.7

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
5.7.5

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals

Physical Properties of LindströmiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
lead-grey
Streak:
black
Hardness:
3 - 3½ on Mohs scale
Hardness Data:
Measured
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal

Chemical Properties of LindströmiteHide

Formula:
Pb3Cu3Bi7S15

Crystallography of LindströmiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 56.08 Å, b = 11.56 Å, c = 4.00 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 4.851 : 1 : 0.346
Unit Cell V:
2,593.14 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Prismatic [001], lacking terminal faces; striated [001].
Comment:
SG Pbnm; cell parameters are slightly variable

Type Occurrence of LindströmiteHide

Synonyms of LindströmiteHide

Other Language Names for LindströmiteHide

Simplified Chinese:辉铋铜铅矿
Traditional Chinese:輝鉍銅鉛礦

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Lindströmite associated with FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18
3 photos of Lindströmite associated with HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9
3 photos of Lindströmite associated with KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HB.BarikaiteAg3Pb10(Sb8As11)S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.05aAikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.05aFriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
2.HB.05aGladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aHammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
2.HB.05cJaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aKrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
2.HB.05bMeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aPekoitePbCuBi11S18Orth.
2.HB.05aEmilitePb2.7Cu2.7Bi5.3S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPbCu0.33Pb0.33Bi7.67S12
2.HB.05aSalzburgitePb1.6Cu1.6Bi6.4S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPbCuPb(Ni,Co)0.3Bi3Se6
2.HB.05aPaaritePb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.10cEclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.10bGiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
2.HB.10bIzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57Orth.
2.HB.10aKobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.10aTintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.15BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.15JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.20dBerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20bBuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3Orth.
2.HB.20aNagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20eWatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
2.HB.20cMuseumite[Pb2(Pb,Sb)2S8][(Te,Au)2]Mon. 2
2.HB.20eLitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.4.5.1AikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.4.5.2KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
3.4.5.3GladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.4.5.4HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
3.4.5.5FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
3.4.5.6PekoitePbCuBi11S18Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.7.1SeligmannitePbCuAsS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.4GladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.6KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
5.7.7HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
5.7.8FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.10NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
5.7.11JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.13KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.15NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
5.7.16WatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
5.7.17PekoitePbCuBi11S18Orth.
5.7.18PetroviciteCu3HgPbBiSe5Orth.
5.7.19Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.21ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
5.7.22AndoriteAgPbSb3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.23RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
5.7.24RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
5.7.25OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
5.7.26EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48Mon. 2/m
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.29FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.31SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56Mon. 2/m
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.33ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
5.7.36GustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.37KitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
5.7.38TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
5.7.39BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39Tric.
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.7.42NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
5.7.43Larosite(Cu,Ag)21PbBiS13Orth.
5.7.44CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.45PadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22Mon.
5.7.46RayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
5.7.47RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LindströmiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Johansson, K. (1924) Bidrag till Gladhammar-gruvornas mineralogi. Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi: 9: 1-22.
Foshag, W.F. (1925) New minerals: new species. American Mineralogist: 10: 157-158.
Palache, Charles, Berma, Harry, Frondel, Clifford (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 459-460.
Mumme, W.G., Welin, E., Wuensch, B.J. (1976) Crystal chemistry and proposed nomenclature for sulfosalts intermediate in the system bismuthinite-aikinite (Bi2S3-CuPbBiS3). American Mineralogist: 61: 15-20.
Horiuchi, H., Wuensch, B.J. (1977) Lindströmite, Cu3Pb3Bi7S15: its space group and ordering scheme for metal atoms in the crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist: 15: 527-535.
Pring, A., Hyde, B.G. (1987) Structural disorder in lindströmite: a bismuthinite - aikinite derivative. The Canadian Mineralogist: 25: 393-399.
Pring, A., Grguric, B.A., Criddle, A.J. (1998) Lindströmite from Cobalt, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 1139-1148.
Topa, D., Petricek, V., Dusek, M., Makovicky, E., Balic-Zunic, T. (2008) Simultaneous structure refinement of two components of an exsolution intergrowth: crystal structures of the lindstromite-krupkaite pair. Canadian Mineralogist: 46: 525-539.

Internet Links for LindströmiteHide

Localities for LindströmiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Charters Towers Region
Wormald, Peter John (1993) Geology of the Mt. Leyshon gold deposit, Australia: a study of breccia pipe formation, facies and brecciation mechanisms. PhD thesis, James Cook University of North Queensland.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Mittersill
        • Mittersill Scheelite deposit
MinRec 33:352
Bulgaria
 
  • Burgas Province
    • Sozopol
Todorov, T. (1990): Copper-lead-bismuth sulfosalts of the aikinite-bismuthinite series in the Rossen ore field deposits. Doklady Bolgarskoi Akademii Nauk 43(1), 87-90.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
Trail,R.J. 1980, Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, GSC Paper 80-18
          • Coleman Township
Pring, A., Grguric, B.A., Criddle, A.J. (1998) Lindstromite from Cobalt, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 1139-1148.
Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York, pp. 1819.
China
 
  • Henan
    • Sanmenxia
      • Lingbao City
YIN, C., LIU, J., ZHAI, D., & GUO, Y. (2019). New Discovery of Telluride and Bi‐Sulfosalt in the Dahu Quartz Vein‐Style Au‐Mo Deposit, Xiaoqinling Region, China. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 93(1), 241-243.
  • Jiangsu
    • Nanjing
      • Jiangning District
Xiangping, G., Watanabe, M., Ohkawa, M., Hoshino, K., Shibata, Y., and Desong, C. (2001): Canadian Mineralogist 39(6), 1641-1652.
  • Yunnan
    • Chuxiong
      • Yao'an County
Zhou, H., Sun, X., Wu, Z., Yang, T., Li, D., Ren, Y., Liu, Q., Zhu, K. & Yu, H. (2018). Mineralogy of Bi-sulfosalts and tellurides from the Yaoan gold deposit, southwest China: metallogenic implications. Ore Geology Reviews 98, 126-140.
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Teplice District
      • Krupka
        • Knöttel area (Knötel; Knödel; Knödlberg)
Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Görlitz District
      • Thiemendorf
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2007): Wismut-Mineralien aus dem Königshainer Granit, Lausitz.- Mineralien-Welt 18(4), 14-19
Greece
 
  • East Macedonia and Thrace
    • Evros
      • Alexandroupoli
Voudouris, P., Spry, P. G., Melfos, V., Haase, K., Klemd, R., Mavrogonatos, C., ... & Alfieris, D. (2018). Gold deposits in Greece: Hypogene ore mineralogy as a guide for precious and critical metal exploration. In Proc. 1st Int. Electr. Conf. Mineral Science (p. 13).
Hungary
 
  • Fejér County
    • Székesfehérvár District
      • Pátka
collector: László Tóth, WDS: Norbert Zajzon; Zajzon N, Szakáll S, Kristály F, Mádai F (2014) Aikinite-bismuthinite series sulphosalts from Pátka, Velence Hills, Hungary. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 137
Ireland
 
  • Leinster
    • Wicklow County
      • Croghan Kinshela Mountain
        • Gold Mines River
Ixer, R. A., McArdle, P., & Stanley, C. J. (1990). Primary gold mineralization within metamorphosed iron ores, Southeast Ireland. Geol. Surv. Ire. Bull, 4, 221-6.
Japan
 
  • Gifu Prefecture
    • Shirakawamura
S. Matsubara & R. Miyawaki (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals.
  • Yamagata Prefecture
Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
Kazakhstan
 
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Altai
      • Zyryanovsk complex
Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 359-359.
  • Karaganda Region
    • Shet
      • Akchatau (Aqshatau; Akschatau; Akchataul; Akshatau)
Efimov A.V. Bismuthian mineralisation of tin and wolfram deposits, 1993
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Yécora Municipality
      • Yécora
Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York, pp. 1819.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib Constituency
      • Okongava Ost Farm 72
- Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Sørfold
Husdal, T. & Škoda, R. (2020) Sulfosalts of the aikinite-bismuthinite homologous series from the Tennvatn pegmatite, Nordland, Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2020: 108-114.
  • Vestfold og Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Skafså
Larsen, A. O. & Topa, D. (2018) Bi-sulfosalts from Tokke, Telemark, Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 71-78
Larsen, A. O. & Topa, D. (2018) Bi-sulfosalts from Tokke, Telemark, Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 71-78
Peru
 
  • Arequipa
    • Caraveli Province
Yáñez, J., & Alfonso, P. (2014, May). Mineralogy of the Chaparra IOCG deposit, southern Peru. In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (Vol. 16).
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kamienna Góra County
      • Gmina Kamienna Góra
        • Rędziny
Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2005: Minerals of the bismuthinite-aikinite series from Rędziny (Western Sudetes). Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 26, 165-168.
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Oraviţa-Ciclova Cu-Mo-(W) ore field
Udubașa, G., Ďud'a, R., Szakáll, S., Kvasnytsya, V., Koszowska, E., Novák, M. (2002): Minerals of the Carpathians (Szakáll, S., ed.). Granit, Prague, Czech Rep., 482 pp.
  • Maramureș
    • Borșa
Nigel G. Cook : "Bismuth Sulphosalts from Hydrothermal Vein Deposits of Neogen Age, N.W. Romania, Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. , 143, 1998 / Lecture to the Austrian Mineralogical Society, 23rd June 1997, Salzburg.
Russia
 
  • Altai Krai
Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 32(2), 359-364.
  • Altai Republic
    • Kosh-Agachsky District
Potseluev, A.A., Babkin, D.I., and Kotegov, V.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(5), 384-401.; Baofu Han (2008): Acta Petrologica Sinica 24(4), 655-660
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York, pp. 1819.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
Timofeeva, V. S. & Borodaev, Yu. S. (1975): Minerals of the bismuthinite-aikinite series at the Bom-Gorkhon wolframite deposit (western Transbaikal). Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Seriya 4: Geologiya 30 (2), 114-117.
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Dzhida Basin
        • Zakamensk District
          • Dzhida W-Mo District
Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York, pp. 1819.
Serbia
 
  • Central Serbia
    • Bor District
      • Majdanpek
Albrecht von Quadt, Vladica Cvetković, Rade Jelenković, Miodrag Banjesević, Vladica Cvetković & Aleksandar Pačevski, Ljubomir Cvetković & Robert Moritz(2007) Advances in Regional Geological and Metallogenic Studies in the Carpathians, Balkans, Rhodope Massif and Caucasus (Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria and Georgia) Field Guide
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
Ďuďa R.,Kotuľak P., Káňa R., 1993: Bergbau und Mineralien von Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz), Slowakei. Emser Hefte, 14, 3, 1-70, Haltern
    • Brezno District
Pršek J.,2004: Štruktúra a kryštálochémia sulfosolí zo sulfidických mineralizácii Západnych Karpát (Kandid. Diz.práca).Archív Katedry miner. a petrografie Prírodoved. Fak. UK,Bratislava, 135 s.
        • Sokolova dolina Valley
Jaroslav PRŠEK and Martin Chovan (2001) Hydrothermal Carbonate and Sulphide Mineralization in the Late Paleozoic Phyllites (Bacúch, Nízke Tatry Mts.) Geolines 13:27-
    • Žarnovica District
      • Hodruša-Hámre
        • Hodruša-Hámre (Hodritsch) mines
Jeleň, S., Pršek, J., Kovalenker, V. A., Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Števko, M., & Ozdín, D. (2012). Bismuth Sulfosalts Of The Cuprobismutite, Pavonite And Aikinite Series From The Rozália Mine, Hodruša–Hámre, Slovakia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(2), 325-340.
  • Košice Region
    • Spišská Nová Ves District
Ďuďa R., Peterec D., 1995 : Die Mineralien der siderit - baryt lagersttäte von Rudňany ( Kotterbach ) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern/, 1, s.20 - 31
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš District
      • Vyšná Boca
Ozdín D. (2003): Mineralógia a genéza sideritovej mineralizácie Ďumbierskych Tatier. Dissertation thesis, Comenius University, 194 p.
Sweden (TL)
 
  • Kalmar County
    • Västervik
Arkiv Kemi, Min.Geol.(1924) 9/8, 17
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • North, West and Central Sutherland
        • Loch Shin
Lowry, D., Stephens, W. E., Herd, D. A., & Stanley, C. J. (1994). Bismuth sulphosalts within quartz veining hosted by the Loch Shin monzogranite, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, 58(390), 39-48.
USA
 
  • Montana
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Whitehall Mining District (Cardwell Mining District)
Spry, P.G., Foster, F., Truckle, J.S., and Chadwick, T.H. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 143-164.; Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Round Mountain Mining District
[MinRec 22:181]
  • Utah
    • Beaver Co.
Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York, pp. 1819.
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent
    • Okhangaron District
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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