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Kobellite

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About KobelliteHide

01922060014947650537632.jpg
Wolfgang Xavier Franz Baron von Kobell
Formula:
Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
May contain minor Fe replacing Cu.
Colour:
Blackish lead-gray to steel-gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Specific Gravity:
6.334
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in 1839 by J. Setterberg in honor of Wolfgang Xavier Franz Ritter von Kobell [July 19, 1803 München, Germany – November 11, 1882 München, Germany], mineralogist and author/poet who specialized in writing in Bavarian dialect. Von Kobell was professor of mineralogy at University of München beginning in 1826 and in 1855 invented a device (stauroscope) for studying the optical properties of crystals. In 1856, he became the first curator of the Bavarian Museum's mineral collection. Von Kobell also was an early experimenter in photography and photochemical techniques. [Note: The historical and erroneous author attribution has been "Sätterberg".]
The bismuth analogue of tintinaite.


Classification of KobelliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.HB.10a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb
3.6.19.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
6 : 2 < ø < 2.49
5.7.13

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals

Physical Properties of KobelliteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Blackish lead-gray to steel-gray
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
2½ - 3 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
good on 010
Density:
6.334 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.51 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of KobelliteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Distinct
Colour in reflected light:
White
Pleochroism:
Weak

Chemical Properties of KobelliteHide

Formula:
Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69

May contain minor Fe replacing Cu.
IMA Formula:
Pb11(Cu,Fe)2(Bi,Sb)15S35
Common Impurities:
Ag,Fe

Crystallography of KobelliteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pnnm
Cell Parameters:
a = 22.62 Å, b = 34.08 Å, c = 4.02 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.664 : 1 : 0.118
Unit Cell V:
3,098.98 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Bladed, fibrous, massive, granular.
Comment:
According to Miehe (1971), the Pnnm symmetry of kobellite is disturbed to P21/n for Bi-rich kobellite.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
High temperature hydrothermal deposits.

Type Occurrence of KobelliteHide

Other Language Names for KobelliteHide

German:Kobellit
Simplified Chinese:硫锑铋铅矿
Spanish:Kobellita

Varieties of KobelliteHide

Antimonian KobelliteAn antimony-bearing variety of kobellite.
The antimony-dominant mineral is tintinaite.
Selenian kobelliteMumme et al. (2013), in a study of the crystal structure, using a crystal fragment from the original material described by Ödman (1941) as "selenokobellite", found that it is best described as a selenian kobellite, and not as a new mineral. Selenian kobe...

Relationship of Kobellite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
IzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57Orth.
TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Kobellite associated with QuartzSiO2
4 photos of Kobellite associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
3 photos of Kobellite associated with TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
1 photo of Kobellite associated with SideriteFeCO3
1 photo of Kobellite associated with PyriteFeS2
1 photo of Kobellite associated with ProustiteAg3AsS3
1 photo of Kobellite associated with EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36
1 photo of Kobellite associated with AramayoiteAg3Sb2(Bi,Sb)S6
1 photo of Kobellite associated with JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
1 photo of Kobellite associated with DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HB.BarikaiteAg3Pb10(Sb8As11)S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.05aAikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.05aFriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
2.HB.05aGladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aHammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
2.HB.05cJaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aKrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
2.HB.05aLindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05bMeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aPekoitePbCuBi11S18Orth.
2.HB.05aEmilitePb2.7Cu2.7Bi5.3S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPbCu0.33Pb0.33Bi7.67S12
2.HB.05aSalzburgitePb1.6Cu1.6Bi6.4S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPbCuPb(Ni,Co)0.3Bi3Se6
2.HB.05aPaaritePb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.10cEclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.10bGiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
2.HB.10bIzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57Orth.
2.HB.10aTintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.15BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.15JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.20dBerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20bBuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3Orth.
2.HB.20aNagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20eWatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
2.HB.20cMuseumite[Pb2(Pb,Sb)2S8][(Te,Au)2]Mon. 2
2.HB.20eLitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.6.19.2TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.7.1SeligmannitePbCuAsS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.4GladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.5LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.6KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
5.7.7HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
5.7.8FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.10NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
5.7.11JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.15NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
5.7.16WatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
5.7.17PekoitePbCuBi11S18Orth.
5.7.18PetroviciteCu3HgPbBiSe5Orth.
5.7.19Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.21ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
5.7.22AndoriteAgPbSb3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.23RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
5.7.24RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
5.7.25OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
5.7.26EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48Mon. 2/m
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.29FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.31SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56Mon. 2/m
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.33ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
5.7.36GustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.37KitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
5.7.38TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
5.7.39BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39Tric.
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.7.42NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
5.7.43Larosite(Cu,Ag)21PbBiS13Orth.
5.7.44CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.45PadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22Mon.
5.7.46RayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
5.7.47RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KobelliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Setterberg, J. (1839) Undersökning af ett nytt mineral, funnit uti Hvena Kobalt-gruf- vor uti Nerike. Kungliga Vetenskapsacademiens Handlingar för år 1839, p. 188-193. (printing date is given as 1841.) (1840) Jahresberichte Chem. 20: 215.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944): The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 447.
Nuffield, E. W. (1948): Observations on kobellite. University of Toronto Studies: VI. Geological Series, 52, 86-89.
Harris, D. C., Jambor, J. L., Lachance, G. R., Thorpe, R. I. (1966): New observations on kobellite. Canadian Mineralogist, 8, 667-667 (Abs.).
D. C. Harris, J. L. Jambor, G. R. Lachance, and R. I. Thorpe (1968): Tintinaite, the antimony analogue of kobellite. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 371-382.
American Mineralogist (1969): 54: 573 (Abs.).
Miehe, G. (1971): Crystal structure of kobellite. Nature, Phys. Sci., 231, 133-134.
Zakrzewski, M. A., Makovicky, E. (1986): Izoklakeite from Vena, Sweden, and the kobellite homologous series. Canadian Mineralogist, 24, 7-18.
European Journal of Mineralogy (1993): 5: 545-591.
Moëlo, Y.; Roger, G.; Maurel-Palacin, D.; Marcoux, E.; Laroussi, A. (1995): Chemistry of some Pb-(Cu,Fe)-(Sb,Bi) sulfosalts from France and Portugal. Implications for the crystal chemistry of lead sulfosalts in the Cu-poor part of the Pb2S2-Cu2S-Sb2S3-Bi2S3 system. Mineralogy and Petrology 53, 229-250.
Mumme, W.G., Gable, R.W., & Wilson, N. (2013): A crystal structure determination of (selenian) kobellite from the Boliden Mine, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 191, 109-115.

Internet Links for KobelliteHide

Localities for KobelliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Gough Co.
      • Kingsgate
Clissold, M. E., Leverett, P., Sharpe, J. L. & Williams, P. A. (2008): Primary bismuth minerals from the Wolfram pipe, Kingsgate, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 14, 19-25. ; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Gilligan, L.B., Byrnes, J.G. (1995) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000 (SH/55-14), Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 240 pages.
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
        • Rosebery
Brathwaite, R. L. (1969). The geology of the Rosebery ore deposit (Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania).; Zaw, K., Large, R. R., & Huston, D. L. (1997). Petrologic and geochemical significance of a Devonian replacement zone in the Cambrian Rosebery massive sulfide deposit, western Tasmania. The Canadian Mineralogist, 35(5), 1325-1349.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • St. Johann im Pongau District
      • Forstau
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T., Auer, C., Grill, J. (2019): 2124) Arsenopyrit, Sb-haltiger Bismuthinit, Bornit, Brannerit, S-reicher Clausthalit, Cobaltit, Covellin, Cubanit, teils Se-reicher Galenit, Gold, eine (Au,Ag,Hg)-Legierung (~Au3Ag2Hg), Klinochlor, Kobellit, Limonit, Metatorbernit, Metazeunerit, Monazit-(Ce), Muskovit, Pyrit, Pyrrhotin, Quarz, Rutil, Segnitit, Skorodit, Tetraedrit, Tintinait, Willyamit, Xenotim-(Y), Zirkon und das Se-Analogon von Joséit-A vom Oberhüttensee, Forstautal, Radstätter Tauern, Salzburg – ein Vorbericht. Pp. 278-284 in Walter, F. et al. (2019): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVIII. Carinthia II, 209./129., 237-362.
  • Styria
    • Liezen District
      • Schladming
        • Schladminger Tauern
          • Giglach valley
            • Knappen lakes
Schachinger, T. and Paar, W.H. (2017): Antimon- und bismuthältige Sulfosalze aus dem Vetternbergbau bei Schladming, Steiermark. Carinthia II, 207./127., 691-698.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Nelson Mining Division
      • Salmo
Encyclopedia of Mins., 2nd. ed.:448.; Harris D C, Jambor J L, Lachance G R, Thorpe R I (1968) Tintinaite, the antimony analogue of kobellite, The Canadian Mineralogist 9, 371-382 ; R. M. Thompson (1954) Mineral occurrences in Western Canada. American Mineralogist 39:525-528
    • Trail Creek Mining Division
      • Rossland
Harris D C, Jambor J L, Lachance G R, Thorpe R I (1968) Tintinaite, the antimony analogue of kobellite, The Canadian Mineralogist 9, 371-382
  • Yukon
    • Mayo mining district
      • Emerald Lake
M. Mauthner (collection); Yukon Minfile Assessment File 93723
China
 
  • Guangxi
    • Hechi
      • Nandan County
        • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
Mineral Deposits 4(1), 74
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Yaogangxian W-Sn ore field
Bosheng Zhou, Guohua Zhang, Shuqing Gong, and Yousheng Zeng (2002): Geophysical & Geochemical Exploration 26(6), 436-438; Ottens, B. (2011): Lapis 36(9), 27-33; Ottens, B. (2011): Mineralogical Record 42, 557-603
  • Jiangxi
    • Ganzhou
      • Anyuan Co.
Yingchen Ren (1998): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 13(4), 1-17; American Mineralogist 85, 629 (2000)
      • Yudu Co.
Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
  • Yunnan
    • Honghe
      • Mengzi City
Xinpei Jiang (1994): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 13(5), 278-284
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian region
    • Prague-West District
      • Jílové u Prahy
        • Studené
    • Příbram District
      • Háje
Lapis 7/8 2003
      • Smolotely-Horní Líšnice gold mining district
Mrázek, P. et al.: Zlato v Českém masívu. Praha: Vydavatelství Českého geologického ústvau, 1992.
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Slavkovský Les mountains
M.E. Ciriotti, 2006, probed EDX+XRD by S. Möckel
  • Plzeň Region
    • Klatovy District
Černý, P., Litochleb, J.: Minerály zlatonosného zrudnění ze Sobětic u Klatov. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1983, roč. 28, č. 1, s. 102-103.
    • Plzeň-South District
      • Nepomuk
Litochleb, J.: Mineralogie zlatonosného zrudnění z dolu Jakub u Kasejovic (jz. Čechy). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1998, roč. 6, s. 102-112.; Zacharias J, Pudilova M. Fluid inclusion and stable isotope study of the Kasejovice gold district, central Bohemia. Bulletin of the Czech Geological Survey, 2002. Vol. 77, No. 3, 157–165.
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Côtes-d'Armor
      • Saint-Gildas
Chauris, L. (2014) Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 40.
    • Morbihan
      • Guern
R. Pierrot, L. Chauris, C. Laforêt and F. Pillard : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 9 : Morbihan", BRGM, 1980.
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Colmar-Ribeauvillé
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
            • Sankt Jakob vein
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
This mine worked the same vein as Gabe gottes mine. From the 19th century, ore from a large part of the Saint-Jacques mine network was transported to level -40 of Gabe Gottes before being sent to the processing plant. The mineralization of this sector is therefore very comparable to that of Gabe-Gotes.
            • Sankt Johann vein
Ruhlmann, F. (1978): The bismuth paragenesis in the veins of the Engelsbourg mine (Sainte-​Marie-​aux-​Mines district, Vosges, France). Bulletin de Minéralogie 101(5-6), 570-572 (in French).
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Salsigne
Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
    • Aveyron
      • Najac
Inventaire Minéralogique de la France numero 7 Aveyron éditions BRGM
    • Lozère
      • Pont-de-Montvert
        • Vialas
A.LANDEL ET AL. (1970) La minéralisation plombo-zincifère du champ filonien de Vialas
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Tende
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
      • Rammelsberg
Schot, E. H. & Ottemann, J. (1969): Elektrum und Kobellit im Meliert-Erz vom Rammelsberg. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 112, 101-115 (in German).
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Siegen
          • Eiserfeld
            • Kohlenbach Valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Altenkirchen
      • Willroth
Poser, C., and Lutz, H. (2004): Mineralien aus Rheinland-Pfalz.Landessammlung für Naturkunde Rheinland-Pfalz (Mainz)
Iran
 
  • Markazi Province
    • Shazand County
      • Astaneh
Nezafatis, N. (2006): Au-Sn-W-Cu Mineralization in the Astaneh-Sarband Area, West Central Iran. PhD thesis, University of Tübingen (Germany), 116 pp.
Kazakhstan
 
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Altai
      • Zyryanovsk complex
Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 359-359.
Kosovo
 
  • District of Mitrovica
    • Kosovska Mitrovica
      • Trepča valley
        • Trepča complex
Kołodziejczyk, J., Pršek, J., Voudouris, P. C., & Melfos, V. (2017). Bi-sulphotellurides associated with Pb–Bi–(Sb±Ag, Cu, Fe) sulphosalts: an example from the Stan Terg deposit in Kosovo. Geologica Carpathica, 68(4), 366-381.
Malaysia
 
  • Perak
    • Kinta District
      • Ipoh
        • Gopeng
Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Saucillo Municipality
      • Naica
Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
New Zealand
 
  • Waikato Region
    • Thames-Coromandel District
      • Tararu
Simpson, M.P., Mauk, J.L., Merchant, R. (2011) Bonanza grade epithermal veins from the Coromandel and Thames districts Hauraki Goldfield, Proceedings 2011 AusiMM New Zealand Branch Annual Conference 27-30 August, Queenstown, New Zealand.
Portugal
 
  • Beja
    • Castro Verde
      • Santa Bárbara de Padrões
Gaspar, O.C. (2002): Mineralogy and sulfide mineral chemistry of the Neves–Corvo Ores, Portugal: insight into their genesis. Canadian Mineralogist 40, 611-636.
Romania
 
  • Bihor
    • Nucet
      • Băiţa mining district (Baita Bihor; Rézbánya)
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Banat Mountains
      • Moldova Nouă-Sasca Cu-Mo ore field
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Russia
 
  • Altai Krai
Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 32(2), 359-364.
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Arminsky ore district
      • Vostok
Gvozdev, V. I., & Tsepin, A. I. (2005). Bismuth Mineralization in the Ores of the Vostok-2 Deposit (Primor'e Region, Russia). Geology of Ore Deposits, 47(2), 132-145.; Gvozdev, V. I. (2001) The Arminsky Ore District. pp87-97 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
    • Krasnoarmeysky District
Alekseev, V. I., & Marin, Y. B. (2015). Composition and evolution of accessory mineralization of Li–F granites in the Far East as indicators of their ore potential. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(8), 635-644.
    • Malinovsky cluster
Gvozdev, V.I., Dobroshevsky, K.N., Vakh, A.S. et al. (2016): Malinovka deposit—A new type of gold mineralization in Primorye, Russia: Geology, mineralogy, and genesis. Russ. J. of Pac. Geol. 10, 34-49.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Vershino-Darasunskiy
      • Darasun mine (Darasun Au deposit)
Krivitskaya, N. N., Bryzgalov, I. A., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2008, June). Jonassonite AuBi 5 S 4: The first find in Transbaikalia. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 420, No. 1, pp. 576-579). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica District
      • Ľubietová
Pršek J., Mikuš T., 2006: Bi sulfosoli z lokality Ľubietová-Kolba. Min.Slovaca, Bratislava, 38, 159-164
    • Brezno District
      • Brezno
Pršek, J., Ozdín, D., & Sejkora, J. (2008). Eclarite and associated Bi sulfosalts from the Brezno-Hviezda occurrence (Nizke Tatry Mts, Slovak Republic). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 185(2), 117-130.
Pršek J. & Ozdín D., 2004: Nuffieldit Pb2Cu(Pb,Bi)Bi2S7 z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 273-278.
      • Bystrá
Pršek J. & Ozdín D., 2004: Nuffieldit Pb2Cu(Pb,Bi)Bi2S7 z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 273-278.
      • Jarabá
Ozdín, D., Pršek, J. (2004): Sulfosoli homologického radu lillianitu z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 279-285.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Rimavská Sobota District
      • Hnúšťa
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica District
      • Gelnica (Göllnitz)
Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002: Nejzajimavejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 134p.
Háber,M., 1980: Mineralogische – geochemische und paragenetische Erfoschung hydrotermaler Gänge im Gebiet zwischen Prakovce und Kojšov (SGR). Záp.Karpáty – sér. Miner.,petrograf.,geochém., metalog., 7 – 131
Miehe G. (1971): Crystal structure of kobellite. Nature Phys. Sc., 231, 7, 133-134.
Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002: Nejzajimavejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 134p.
Václav J., 1964: Identifikácia kobellitu zo žily Dávid pri Henclovej. Geologické Práce, Zpr., 31, 91-94.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
      • Prakovce (Prackendorf)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
      • Švedlár (Schwedler)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
      • Úhorná (Ahorn)
Pršek, J., & Peterec, D. (2008). Bi-Se-Te mineralization from Úhorná (Spišsko Gemerské Rudohorie Mts., Słovakia): A preliminary report. Mineralogia, 39(3), 87-103.
    • Košice
      • Medzev (Metzenseifen)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002: Nejzajimavejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 134p.
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Betliar (Betler; Betlér)
Pecho J., Beňka J., Gargulák M., Václav J. (1981): Geologický výskum antimonitových ložísk v oblasti Betliar-Čučma-Volovec. Final report-Manuscript, ŠGÚDŠ-Geofond, 48984 (in Slovak).
Martin Števko (unpublished, EMPA-WDS confirmed)
Klimko, T., Chovan, M., Huraiová M. (2009): Hydrotermálna mineralizácia na antimonitových žilách Spišsko-gemerského rudohoria. Miner. Slov., 41, 2, 115-132.
      • Gemerská Poloma (Poloma; Veszverés)
        • Dlhá Valley
Martin Števko-unpublished, EMPA-WDS confirmed
Martin Števko-unpublished
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
      • Rochovce (Rachensdorf)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
        • Čučma
Martin Števko (unpublished, EMPA-WDS confirmed)
Ferenc Š., Mikuš T., Spišiak J., Milovská S. (2019): Supergene minerals in quartz +- fluorapatite hydrothermal veins with U-Mo and U-REE mineralization near Čučma (Gemeric Unit, Western Carpathians, eastern Slovakia): preliminary study. Abstract, Petros 2019, 17-19.
- Novák, F. (1961): Kobellit ze žíly Mária u Rožňavy. Věst. Ústř. Úst. geol., 36, 2, 97-107.
Mikuš T., Kondela J., Jacko S., Milovská S. (2018): Garavellite and associated sulphosalts from the Strieborná vein in the Rožňava ore field (Western Carpathians). Geologica Carpathica, 69, 3, 221-236.
    • Smolník mining district
      • Smolnícka Huta (Schmöllnitzhütte; Schmöllnitzer Hütte; Szomolnokhuta; Szomolnokhutta)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Spišská Nová Ves District
Pršek J.,2004: Štruktžúra a kryštalochémia sulfosolí zo sulfidických mineralizácií Západných Karpát (Kandid. dizert. práca),Manuskript, archív Kated. miner. a petrológie PFUK Bratislava, 135 p.
Spain
 
  • Aragón
    • Huesca
      • Canfranc
Mateo, Ester; Fanlo, Isabel; Subias, Ignacio; Recio, Clemente; Billstrom, Kjell (2010): Geological, mineralogical and geochemical constraints on the genesis of the Chinipi arsenopyrite-pyrite-invisible gold vein (Canfranc, Central Spanish Pyrenees). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 187, 313-327.
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
Castroviejo, R. (1990). Gold ores related to shear zones, West Santa Comba-Fervenza area (Galicia, NW Spain): a mineralogical study. Mineralium Deposita, 25(1), S42-S52.
Castroviejo, R. (1990). Gold ores related to shear zones, West Santa Comba-Fervenza area (Galicia, NW Spain): a mineralogical study. Mineralium Deposita, 25(1), S42-S52.
Sweden (TL)
 
  • Örebro County
    • Askersund
      • Hammar
Can Min 9 (1968), 371; Zakrzewski, M.A., M.A. & Makovicky, E. (1986): Izoklakeite from Vena, Sweden, and kobellite homologous series. Canadian Mineralogist 24, 7-18.
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
No reference listed
  • Västerbotten County
    • Skellefteå
      • Skellefte mining district
        • Boliden
Jonsson, E. (1993): Om den s.k. selenokobelliten från Boliden. Berg & Mineral. 3 (no. 6), p.22; Wagner, T., & Jonsson, E. (2001). Mineralogy of sulfosalt-rich vein-type ores, Boliden massive sulfide deposit, Skellefte district, northern Sweden. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(3), 855-872.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Anniviers
      • Ayer
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Leuk
      • Turtmann-Unterems
        • Turtmann Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 241.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
UK
 
  • Wales
    • Isle of Anglesey
      • Amlwch
No reference listed
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Denali Borough
      • Bonnifield Mining District
USGS OFR 98-287(Freeman,1998)
    • Southeast Fairbanks Census Area
      • Fortymile Mining District
Nokleberg, Warren J. et al (2005) Metallogenesis and tectonics of the Russian Far East, Alaska, and the Canadian Cordillera. USGS Professional Paper 1697
  • Colorado
    • Lake Co.
      • Leadville
        • Printer Boy Hill
Dana 6: 1090.
    • Ouray Co.
      • Ouray Mining District
        • Ouray
          • Red Mounain No.2
Dana 7:I:447.
  • Montana
    • Flathead Co.
      • Hog Heaven Mining District (Flathead Mining District)
        • Kofford Ridge
Bart Cannon
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain Mining District
J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo,1991,The Geology of the Carolinas,pg # 333
    • Wake Co.
      • Raleigh
Rocks & Min.: 60:99.; Harris D C, Jambor J L, Lachance G R, Thorpe R I (1968) Tintinaite, the antimony analogue of kobellite, The Canadian Mineralogist 9, 371-382
  • Virginia
    • Louisa Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent
    • Pskem Range
      • Brichmulla village
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Vietnam
 
  • Tuyên Quang Province
    • Lang Vai mining district
Nevolko, P. A., Pham, T. D., Fominykh, P. A., Tran, T. H., Tran, T. A., & Ngo, T. P. (2019). Origin of the intrusion-related Lang Vai gold-antimony district (Northeastern Vietnam): Constraints from fluid inclusions study and COSPb isotope systematics. Ore Geology Reviews, 104, 114-131.
 
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