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Eclarite

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About EclariteHide

01861240015029707397853.jpg
Prof. Eberhard Clar
Formula:
(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
Colour:
Whitish-grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2½ - 3½
Specific Gravity:
6.75 - 6.88
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named for Prof. Eberhard Clar (23 Juli 1904 - 7 December 1995), Austrian geologist who worked at the technical high school in Graz and the University of Vienna, Austria.
This page provides mineralogical data about Eclarite.


Classification of EclariteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1982
2.HB.10c

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb
3.6.10.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
6 : 2 < ø < 2.49
5.7.19

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals

Physical Properties of EclariteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Whitish-grey
Streak:
Lead grey
Hardness:
2½ - 3½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN50=87 - 191 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Comment:
traverse hardness less than longitudinal hardness
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Distinct on {010}
poor on {0kl}
Density:
6.75 - 6.88 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of EclariteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
distinct in air, strong in oil
Colour in reflected light:
Whitish gray; oil - bluish gray
Pleochroism:
Visible

Chemical Properties of EclariteHide

Formula:
(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
Common Impurities:
Ag,Sb

Crystallography of EclariteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pnma
Setting:
Pnma
Cell Parameters:
a = 54.76(4) Å, b = 4.030(3) Å, c = 22.75(3) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 13.588 : 1 : 5.645
Unit Cell V:
5,020.53 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Fan shaped aggregates of acicular crystals, Prismatic; granular

Type Occurrence of EclariteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Smithsonian
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Gold bearing sulfide copper ores in quartz veins.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of EclariteHide

Other Language Names for EclariteHide

Simplified Chinese:硫铋铁铅矿

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
6 photos of Eclarite associated with QuartzSiO2
5 photos of Eclarite associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HB.Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.05aAikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.05aFriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
2.HB.05aGladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aHammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
2.HB.05cJaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aKrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
2.HB.05aLindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05bMeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aPekoitePbCuBi11S18Orth.
2.HB.05aEmilitePb2.7Cu2.7Bi5.3S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPbCu0.33Pb0.33Bi7.67S12
2.HB.05aSalzburgitePb1.6Cu1.6Bi6.4S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPbCuPb(Ni,Co)0.3Bi3Se6
2.HB.05aPaaritePb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.10bGiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
2.HB.10bIzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57Orth.
2.HB.10aKobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.10aTintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.15BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.15JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.20dBerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20bBuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3Orth.
2.HB.20aNagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20eWatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
2.HB.20cMuseumite[Pb2(Pb,Sb)2S8][(Te,Au)2]Mon. 2
2.HB.20eLitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.7.1SeligmannitePbCuAsS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.4GladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.5LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.6KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
5.7.7HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
5.7.8FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.10NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
5.7.11JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.13KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.15NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
5.7.16WatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
5.7.17PekoitePbCuBi11S18Orth.
5.7.18PetroviciteCu3HgPbBiSe5Orth.
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.21ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
5.7.22AndoriteAgPbSb3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.23RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
5.7.24RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
5.7.25OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
5.7.26EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48Mon. 2/m
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.29FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.31SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56Mon. 2/m
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.33ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
5.7.36GustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.37KitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
5.7.38TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
5.7.39BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39Tric.
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.7.42NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
5.7.43Larosite(Cu,Ag)21PbBiS13Orth.
5.7.44CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.45PadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22Mon.
5.7.46RayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
5.7.47RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for EclariteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Paar, W.H., T.T. Chen, V. Kupcik, K. Hanke (1983): Eclarit, (Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28, ein neues Sulfosalz von Bärenbad, Hollersbachtal, Salzburg, Österreich. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 32, 103-110.
V. Kupcik (1984): Die Kristallstruktur des Minerals Eclarit, (Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 32, 259–269.
American Mineralogist: 70: 215.
Topa, D., Makovicky, E. (2012): Eclarite: New data and interpretations. The Canadian Mineralogist 50, 371-386.

Internet Links for EclariteHide

Localities for EclariteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria (TL)
 
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Hollersbach im Pinzgau
        • Scharnbachgraben
W.H. Paar, T.T. Chen, V. Kupcik, K. Hanke: TMPM 32:103-110 (1983); Niedermayr, G. et al. (2008): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVII. Carinthia II, 198./118., 223-274.
China
 
  • Guangxi
    • Hechi
      • Nandan County
        • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
Finland
 
  • South Ostrobothnia
    • Seinäjoki
      • Peräseinäjoki
Tuovinen Lauri, 2013. Seinäjoen Tiilikallion kulta-alueen geologia, mineralogia ja geokemia. Pro gradu-tutkielma, Oulun Yliopisto.
Japan
 
  • Iwate Prefecture
    • Oshu City
      • Esashi ward
        • Akagane mine
Harada, S., Suzuki, Y., Miyawaki, R., Momma, K., Shigeoka, M., Matsubara, S. (2017) Bi-bearing minerals at the Jishakuyama ore deposit of the Akagane mine, Iwate Prefecture, Japan.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Seljord
      • Svartdal
        • Bleka
Larsen, A.O. & Topa, D. (2015): Eclarite from Bleka, Svartdal, Telemark county, Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 65-68.
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Banat Mountains
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
  • Maramureș
    • Borşa (Baia Borşa; Borsa)
Nigel G. Cook : "Bismuth Sulphosalts from Hydrothermal Vein Deposits of Neogen Age, N.W. Romania, Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. , 143, 1998 / Lecture to the Austrian Mineralogical Society, 23rd June 1997, Salzburg.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno District
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
      • Bystrá
- Pršek, J., Ozdín, D. & Sejkora, J. (2008): Eclarite and associated Bi sulfosalts from the Brezno-Hviezda occurrence (Nízke Tatry Mts, Slovak Republic). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 185, 117-130.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Rimavská Sobota District
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Anniviers
      • Ayer
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 147.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Leuk
      • Turtmann-Unterems
        • Turtmann Valley
          • Blüomatttälli
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
      • Middle Pass Mining District
        • Cochise Stronghold
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 148, 211, 424.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 210-211.
  • North Carolina
    • Wake Co.
      • Raleigh
RRUFF database -Specimen I.D No. R110124
 
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