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Watkinsonite

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About WatkinsoniteHide

Formula:
Cu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in honor of David Hugh Watkinson (b. 1937), Professor of Geology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, petrologist and economic geologist, investigator of the hydrothermal mobility of the platinum-group elements.
Cu-analog of litochlebite. Closely related to luxembourgite.

Structurally related to berryite.


Classification of WatkinsoniteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1985
2.HB.20e

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb
3.7.21.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
7 : ø = 2
5.7.16

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals

Physical Properties of WatkinsoniteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of WatkinsoniteHide

Formula:
Cu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8
IMA Formula:
PbCu2Bi4(Se,S)8

Crystallography of WatkinsoniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.92 Å, b = 3.99 Å, c = 14.98 Å
β = 109.2°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 3.238 : 1 : 3.754
Unit Cell V:
729.28 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0017825WatkinsoniteTopa D, Makovicky E, Sejkora J, Dittrich H (2010) The crystal structure of watkinsonite, Cu2PbBi4Se8, from the Zalesi uranium deposit, Czech Republic The Canadian Mineralogist 48 1109-11182010Zalesi uranium deposit, Czech Republic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.573 Å(9b)
2.976 Å(10)
2.929 Å(10)
2.407 Å(7)
2.140 Å(7b)
2.065 Å(7b)
1.484 Å(7)

Type Occurrence of WatkinsoniteHide

Synonyms of WatkinsoniteHide

Other Language Names for WatkinsoniteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Watkinsonite associated with ClausthalitePbSe
1 photo of Watkinsonite associated with UraniniteUO2
1 photo of Watkinsonite associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HB.BarikaiteAg3Pb10(Sb8As11)S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.05aAikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.05aFriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
2.HB.05aGladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aHammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
2.HB.05cJaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aKrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
2.HB.05aLindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05bMeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aPekoitePbCuBi11S18Orth.
2.HB.05aEmilitePb2.7Cu2.7Bi5.3S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPbCu0.33Pb0.33Bi7.67S12
2.HB.05aSalzburgitePb1.6Cu1.6Bi6.4S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPbCuPb(Ni,Co)0.3Bi3Se6
2.HB.05aPaaritePb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.10cEclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.10bGiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
2.HB.10bIzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57Orth.
2.HB.10aKobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.10aTintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.15BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.15JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.20dBerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20bBuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3Orth.
2.HB.20aNagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20cMuseumite[Pb2(Pb,Sb)2S8][(Te,Au)2]Mon. 2
2.HB.20eLitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.7.21.2LitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.7.1SeligmannitePbCuAsS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.4GladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.5LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.6KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
5.7.7HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
5.7.8FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.10NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
5.7.11JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.13KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.15NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
5.7.17PekoitePbCuBi11S18Orth.
5.7.18PetroviciteCu3HgPbBiSe5Orth.
5.7.19Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.21ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
5.7.22AndoriteAgPbSb3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.23RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
5.7.24RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
5.7.25OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
5.7.26EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48Mon. 2/m
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.29FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.31SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56Mon. 2/m
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.33ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
5.7.36GustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.37KitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
5.7.38TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
5.7.39BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39Tric.
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.7.42NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
5.7.43Larosite(Cu,Ag)21PbBiS13Orth.
5.7.44CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.45PadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22Mon.
5.7.46RayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
5.7.47RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WatkinsoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
JOHAN, Z., PICOT, P. & RUHLMANN, F. (1987): The ore mineralogy of the Otish Mountains uranium deposit, Quebec: skippenite, Bi2Se2Te, and watkinsonite, Cu2PbBi4(Se,S)8, two new mineral species. Canadian Mineralogist 25, 625-638.
Förster, H.-J.; Tischendorf, G. & Rhede, D. (2005): Mineralogy of the Niederschlema-Alberoda U-Se-polymetallic ore deposit, Erzgebirge, Germany. V. Watkinsonite, nevskite, bohdanowiczite, and other bismuth minerals. Canadian Mineralogist, 43, 899-908.
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Sejkora, J., Dittrich, H. (2010): The crystal structure of watkinsonite, Cu2PbBi4Se8, from the uranium deposit of Zálesí, Czech Republic. Can. Mineral. 48, 1109-1118.

Internet Links for WatkinsoniteHide

Localities for WatkinsoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Neuberg an der Mürz
        • Altenberg an der Rax
          • Eselberg
Postl, W. & Paar, W.H. (1997)
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia" (La Paz, 2009) ; Grundmann, G. and Förster H.-J. (2017) Origin of the El Dragón Selenium Mineralization, Quijarro Province, Potosí, Bolivia. Minerals, 7(5), 68; doi:10.3390/min7050068
Canada (TL)
 
  • Québec
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Baie-James
        • Otish Mountains
JOHAN, Z., PICOT, P. & RUHLMANN, F. (1987): The ore mineralogy of the Otish Mountains uranium deposit, Quebec: skippenite, Bi2Se2Te, and watkinsonite, Cu2PbBi4(Se,S)8, two new mineral species. Canadian Mineralogist 25, 625-638.
Czech Republic
 
  • Olomouc Region
    • Jeseník District
      • Javorník
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Sejkora, J., and Dittrich, H. (2010): Canadian Mineralogist 48, 1109-1118. ; Sejkora, J., Plášil, J., Litochleb, J., Škácha, P., Pavlícek, R. (2012): A selenide association with macroscopic umangite from the abandoned uranium deposit Zálesí, Rychlebské hory Mountains (Czech Republic). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 20, 187-196 (in Czech with English abstract).
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Göttingen District
      • Bad Lauterberg
Koch, H.-P. & Heider, K.-J. (2018): Die Selenid-Mineralisation der Grube "Frische Lutter" bei Bad Lauterbach, Harz. Der Aufschluss, 69, 1-21 (in German).
  • Saxony
Forster HJ, Tischendorf G, Rhede D "Mineralogy of the Niederschlema-Alberoda U-Se- polymetallic deposit, Erzgebirge, Germany. v. watkinsonite, nevskite, bohdanowiczite and other bismuth minerals" CANADIAN MINERALOGIST 43: 899-908 Part 3 JUN 2005
    • Zwickau
      • Hartenstein
Gunnar Färber
 
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