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Hörnesite

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About HörnesiteHide

01204080014947344078598.jpg
Moriz Hoernes
Formula:
Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Colour:
White; colorless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Silky, Pearly
Hardness:
1
Specific Gravity:
2.57 - 2.73
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named by Wilhelm Haidinger in 1895 in honor of Moriz Hörnes, the elder [July 14, 1815 Wien, Österreich - November 4, 1868 Wien, Österreich), Curator of the Imperial Mineral Cabinet, Vienna, Austria.
Vivianite Group.
Forms solid solution series mainly with annabergite and erythrite.


Classification of HörnesiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.CE.40

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O about 1:2.5
40.3.6.7

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
3 : A3(XO4)2·xH2O
20.2.4

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
2 : Arsenates of Be, Mg, Ca or Ba

Physical Properties of HörnesiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Silky, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent
Comment:
Luster is pearly on cleavages.
Colour:
White; colorless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White to colorless
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Flexible
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {010}, perfect; on {100}, poor.
Density:
2.57 - 2.73 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.57 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Density measured on artificial material = 2.609.

Optical Data of HörnesiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.563 nβ = 1.571 nγ = 1.596
2V:
Measured: 60° , Calculated: 60°
Birefringence:
0.033
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.033
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
strong
Optical Extinction:
X=b, Z^c = 31°
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of HörnesiteHide

Formula:
Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O

Crystallography of HörnesiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Setting:
C2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.262 Å, b = 13.442 Å, c = 4.741 Å
β = 104.9°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.763 : 1 : 0.353
Unit Cell V:
631.99 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals prismatic [001] and flattened {010}. Also occurs with a columnar structure; radial-foliated.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.692 Å(100)
3.217 Å(30)
3.005 Å(50)
2.779 Å(30)
2.734 Å(30)
2.712 Å(50)
1.692 Å(25)
Comments:
Also ICDD 35-856 (synthetic)

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Oxidized arsenic ore deposits.
On fractures in serpentine.
In marble xenoliths.
Post-mine efflorescence on tunnel walls or dump rocks.

Type Occurrence of HörnesiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Natural History Museum, Vienna, Austria, A.a. 415.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Oxidized copper-molybdenum deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of HörnesiteHide

Other Language Names for HörnesiteHide

German:Hörnesit
Simplified Chinese:砷镁石
Spanish:Hörnesita

Relationship of Hörnesite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
ArupiteNi3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
BabánekiteCu3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Erythrite-Köttigite Series
KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
ManganohörnesiteMn2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
PakhomovskyiteCo3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
ParasymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
VivianiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Hörnesite associated with HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
2 photos of Hörnesite associated with Heterogenite-2H
2 photos of Hörnesite associated with ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
2 photos of Hörnesite associated with ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
1 photo of Hörnesite associated with PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
1 photo of Hörnesite associated with RealgarAs4S4
1 photo of Hörnesite associated with TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
1 photo of Hörnesite associated with ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
1 photo of Hörnesite associated with DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
1 photo of Hörnesite associated with BismuthBi

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.CE.XBabánekiteCu3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.05Chudobaite(Mg,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric.
8.CE.05GeigeriteMn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric.
8.CE.10NewberyiteMg(PO3OH) · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CE.15BrassiteMg(HAsO4) · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CE.20PhosphorrössleriteMg(PO3OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.CE.20RößleriteMg(HAsO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CE.25MetaswitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.CE.25SwitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon.
8.CE.30LindackeriteCuCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30OndrušiteCaCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30VeselovskýiteZnCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30PradetiteCoCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30KlajiteMnCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9-10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.35BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CE.40AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40ArupiteNi3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40FerrisymplesiteFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
8.CE.40KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40ManganohörnesiteMn2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
8.CE.40ParasymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40VivianiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40PakhomovskyiteCo3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.45SymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.50CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.55KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2OTet.
8.CE.60KaňkiteFeAsO4 · 3.5H2OMon. 2 : P2
8.CE.65SteigeriteAl(VO4) · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.CE.70MetaschoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
8.CE.70SchoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 8H2OMon.
8.CE.75MalhmooditeFeZr(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.CE.75ZigrasiteMgZr(PO4)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.75UM2009-11-PO:CaHZrCaZr[PO4]2 · 4H2OTric.
8.CE.80SantabarbaraiteFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OAmor.
8.CE.85Metaköttigite(Zn,Fe,Fe)3(AsO4)2 · 8(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

40.3.6.1VivianiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
40.3.6.2Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
40.3.6.3ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
40.3.6.4AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
40.3.6.5KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
40.3.6.6ParasymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
40.3.6.8ArupiteNi3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

20.2.1BearsiteBe2(AsO4)(OH) · 4H2OMon.
20.2.2BrassiteMg(HAsO4) · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
20.2.3RößleriteMg(HAsO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
20.2.5WeiliteCa(HAsO4)Tric. 1 : P1
20.2.6JohnbaumiteCa5(AsO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
20.2.7HaidingeriteCaHAsO4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
20.2.8PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2OMon. m
20.2.9SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
20.2.10VladimiriteCa4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
20.2.11GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
20.2.12FerrarisiteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.2.13RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.2.14PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2OTric.
20.2.15McneariteNaCa5(AsO4)(HAsO4)4 · 4H2OTric.
20.2.16BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
20.2.17AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
20.2.18TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
20.2.19IrhtemiteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
20.2.20CamgasiteCaMg(AsO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
20.2.21PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.2.22BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2OTet. 4 2m : P4 2m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HörnesiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Haidinger (1860) Jb. geol. Reichsanst. Wien: 11: 41 (as Hörnesit).
Haidinger (1860) Konigliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Sitzber.: 40: 18 (as Hörnesit).
von Hauer (1860) Jb. Geol. Reichsanst. Wien: 11: 10.
de Schulten (1903) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 26: 81.
Zambonini (1919) Com. geol. ital., mem.: 7: 127.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 86.
Wolfe (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 806.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 755-756.
Koritnig, S. & Süsse, P. (1966): Gitterkonstanten und Raumgruppe des Hörnesit, Mg3[AsO4]2•8H2O. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1966, 349-351 (in German).
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1980): 138: 98.

Internet Links for HörnesiteHide

Localities for HörnesiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Kajabbi
S. Mills XRD data
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Micheldorf
        • Hirt
          • Griesserhof (Gulitzen; Gullitzen)
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Dellach im Drautal
        • Glatschach
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Villach-Land District
      • Finkenstein am Faaker See
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
G. Blass, G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 189./109.:207-209 (1999)
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Fusch an der Grossglocknerstrasse
Kolitsch, U. & Auer, C. (2018): 2080) Annabergit, Aragonit, Arseniosiderit(?), Chalkopyrit, Galenit, Hörnesit, ein Mineral der Kaolinitgruppe, Limonit, Polybasit, Polydymit, Pyrrhotin, Scheelit, Zn-Tetraedrit, Vaesit, Violarit und Zincochromit von der Brennkogel-Nordflanke, Fuschertal, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg. Pp. 216-218 in Walter, F. et al. (2018): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVII. Carinthia II, 208./128., 185-254.
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Schwarzleo mining district
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Coll. D. Lunau
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Poeverlein, R. (2008): Euchroit und seine Begleiter vom prähistorischen Bergbau, Leogang, Österreich. Lapis, 33 (5), 13-22.
  • Styria
    • Liezen District
      • Schladming
        • Obertalbach valley
Jakely, D. & Bernhard, F. (2015)
  • Tyrol
    • Kufstein District
      • Brixlegg
        • Geyer - Silberberg District
          • Silberberg
Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2005): Schwaz-Brixlegger-Fundstellen: 3. Die Minerale vom Bergbau Maukenötz bei Brixlegg, Tirol. Der Aufschluss, 56, 223-234.
Schnorrer+Poeverlein (2005)
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí
    • Sud Lípez Province
Bentz, J. L., & Peterson, R. C. (2017). Realgar and hörnesite precipitation in an iron-poor, sulfate-rich Mudflat, Laguna Chiar Khota, Bolivia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(6), 1009-1025.
Bentz, J. (2017). Analysis of Clay Minerals in the Mudflats of Sulfate-Rich Saline Lakes (Doctoral dissertation Queens University Canada).
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Galiléia
Atencio D, Carvalho F M S, Matioli P A (2004) Coutinhoite, a new thorium uranyl silicate hydrate, from Urucum Mine, Galiléia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. American Mineralogist 89, 721-724
Chile
 
  • Tarapacá
    • Iquique Province
      • Salar Grande
XRD and SEM-EDS by Igor V. Pekov
China
 
  • Hunan
    • Changde
      • Shimen Co.
        • Shimen deposit (Huangchang deposit)
Zhu, X., Wang, R., Lu, X., Liu, H., Li, J., Ouyang, B., Lu, J. (2015): Secondary minerals of weathered orpiment-realgar-bearing tailings in Shimen carbonate-type realgar mine, Changde, Central China. Mineral. Petrol. 109, 1-15. ; Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
  • Yunnan
    • Chuxiong
      • Nanhua County
Xianxiao Xiong (1999): Geology of Chemical Minerals 21(2), 76-80
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Příbram District
      • Březové Hory ore region (Birkenberg)
        • Černojamské deposit (Black pits deposit)
Ondruš, P. & Hyršl, J. (1989): New finds and revision of secondary minerals from Příbram district. Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Geologica 1989, 521-533.
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
Gramblička R. (2014): Minerály rudních žil s fluoritem z Božího Daru a možnosti jejich sběru. - Minerál (České Budějovice), XXII, 5, 448-451
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 755; Lapis 2002: (7/8): 63-65.
Sehrig, M. & Dietel, J. (2011): Silber, Uran, Arsen und Heilquellen: Auf Mineraliensuche in Jáchymov, einem der ältesten Bergwerke der Welt. Lapis 36 (7-8), 67-71; 86.
    • Sokolov District
      • Březová
M.E. Ciriotti, 2006, probed EDX+XRD by S. Möckel
  • Plzeň Region
    • Tachov District
      • Chodský Újezd
        • Dolní Jadruž
Tvrdý, J., Řídkošil, T.: Sekundární minerály z lokality Svatá Anna v Plané u Mariánských Lázní. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1983, roč. 28, č. 3, s. 316.; http://www.mineralos.cz/lokality/plana/plana.htm
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Chomutov District
No reference listed
    • Teplice District
Dvořák, Z., Pauliš, P., Řehoř, M., Radoň, M.: Hörnesit z Mikulova v Krušných horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2011, roč. 19, č. 2, s. 145-147.
France
 
  • Corsica
    • Haute-Corse
      • Corte
        • Matra
Van King
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Colmar-Ribeauvillé
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Paul De Bondt
Pierre et Terre 1982
            • Sankt Jakob vein
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
Bari, H. (1982) Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie-aux-Mines (Haut-Rhin). Pierres et Terre: 23-24.
This mine worked the same vein as Gabe gottes mine. From the 19th century, ore from a large part of the Saint-Jacques mine network was transported to level -40 of Gabe Gottes before being sent to the processing plant. The mineralization of this sector is therefore very comparable to that of Gabe-Gotes.
      • Thann-Guebwiller
        • Kruth
U. Kolitsch (1997): Neufunde von Mineralien aus einigen Vorkommen der Vogesen, Frankreich: Giromagny, Auxelles-Haut und Kruth 1. Aufschluss 48 (4), 243-256.
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Carcassonne
        • Villanière
Pelison P., Descouens D. (1987), Présence de minéraux de néoformation dans les scories de l'ancienne usine de Villagnère (Aude), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 6-10
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Lörrach
        • Wieden
https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Baden-W%C3%BCrttemberg/Freiburg%2C%20Bezirk/L%C3%B6rrach%2C%20Landkreis/Wieden/Grube%20Tannenboden
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
U. Kolitsch, G. Blaß, H.-W. Graf und J. Gröbner (2004): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. Lapis 29 (2) 18-23; 50. (in German)
      • Rottweil
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Burgfelsen
American Mineralogist: 76: 2021.
            • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
        • Schiltach
          • Stammelbach valley
[Lapis 1992, 11, p.13-20]
  • Hesse
    • Kassel Region
      • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
        • Nentershausen
          • Süß
            • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988) Mineralogische Notizen IV. Der Aufschluss, 39, 153-168.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
Schnorrer, G., (1993): Mineralogische Notitzen VI, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 44-58
      • Braunlage
No reference listed
    • St Andreasberg Mining District
      • Oder valley
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Hochsauerlandkreis
        • Bestwig
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Hilchenbach
          • Müsen
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
        • Siegen
          • Eiserfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
            • Kohlenbach Valley
Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
          • Niederschelden
Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
        • Wilnsdorf
Lapis, 12 (1), 11-18+42.
    • Niederberg area
      • Heiligenhaus
        • Flandersbach
Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
Lapis 1988(1), 17-35
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler District
      • Adenau
        • Antweiler
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Altenkirchen District
      • Kirchen
        • Niederfischbach
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
    • Rhein-Lahn District
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
      • Loreley
        • Braubach
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. & David, W. (1991): Die Blei- und Silberhütte Braubach und ihre Haldenminerale. Lapis, 16 (1), 38-49; 58 (in German).
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Wernigerode
        • Hasserode
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Annaberg-Buchholz
        • Kleinrückerswalde
Desor, J. (04/2020) SEM-EDS & Raman spectroscopy
      • Aue-Bad Schlema
        • Bad Schlema
          • Niederschlema
SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
      • Marienberg
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
      • Schneeberg
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
  • Thuringia
    • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion Mining District
          • Km 3
            • Kaminiza mines
No reference listed
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Uwe Kolitsch
        • Lavrion slag localities
          • Agios Nikolaos area
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Salerno
      • Nocera Inferiore
Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Sondalo
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Balme
        • Mussa Alp (Pian della Mussa; Piano della Mussa; La Mussa; Lamussa)
Barresi A.A., Caiolo M., Ambrino P., Orlandi P., 2003. Mineralogia delle Valli di Lanzo (Piemonte). Hornesite, lollingite, boulangerite e bournonite in un filone idrotermale dell'alta Val d'Ala (TO). Il Cercapietre, 1-2.
Barresi, .A. A., Caiolo, M., Ambrino, P., Orlandi, P. (2003): Mineralogia delle Valli di Lanzo (Piemonte). Hörnesite, löllingite, boulangerite e bournonite in un filone idrotermale dell'alta Val d'Ala (TO). Il Cercapietre, 1-2.
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
• Stara, P. Rizzo, R., Tanca, G., Vinci A. (1994): Su Zurfuru. 1° parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1993, 215-236.
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Caboni, F., Mamberti, M., Tanca, G.A., Vinci, A., Bittarello, E., Marengo, A., Brizio, P., Bracco, R., Baralis, L., Desor, J., Ciriotti, M.E. (2018): Arseniati, arseniuri e altre novità di Pira Inferida - Fenugu Sibiri, Gonnosfanadiga, Sud Sardegna. Micro, 16, 110-156 (in Italian with abstracts in English, French and German).
      • Villaputzu
G. Ghisolfi collection
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Stazzema
        • Sant'Anna di Stazzema
Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., and Zaccarini, F. (2017) Ferdowsiite from the Monte Arsiccio mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 124, 5-11.
Japan
 
  • Fukushima Prefecture
    • Date District
      • Kawamata
Kato et al (1988) Bulletin of the National Science Museum, 14, 87-96.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Zagora Province
      • Agdz Cercle
        • Aghbar
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
        • Ightem
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
North Macedonia
 
  • Kavadarci Municipality
    • Rožden
Rieck, B. (1993): Famous mineral localities: Allchar, Macedonia, Mineralogical Record, 24 (6), 437-449; Boevl, B., Bermanec, V., Serafimovski, T., Lepitkoval, S., & Mikulcic, S. (2001). Allchar Mineral Assemblage. Geologica Macedonica, Vol. 15-16, p. 1-23 (2001-2002) Suppl; Makreski, P., Stefov, S., Pejov, Lj., Jovanovski, G. (2015): Theoretical and experimental study of the vibrational spectra of (para)symplesite and hörnesite. Spectrochim. Acta A, 144, 155-162.
  • Lipkovo Municipality
Kolitsch, U., Đorđević, T., Tasev, G., Serafimovski, T., Boev, I., Boev, B. (2018): Supergene mineralogy of the Lojane Sb-As-Cr deposit, Republic of Macedonia: Tracing the mobilization of toxic metals. Geologica Macedonica 32, 95-117.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Ząbkowice Śląskie County
      • Gmina Złoty Stok
Siuda, R. (2014): Secondary arsenic minerals from old adits in the Złoty Stok area (Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Special Papers: 42: 104-105; Siuda, R. & Macioch, A. (2018): Secondary arsenic minerals from the Złoty Stok As-Au abandoned mine (SW Poland). Geological Quarterly 62, 925-940.
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
J. Marques de Sá & C. Leal Gomes. LES MINES DE CUIVRE ET NICKEL DE PALHAL ET TELHADELA, PORTUGAL. Le Reigne Mineral, nº92. 2010
  • Beja
    • Odemira
      • São Luís
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
Romania (TL)
 
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Oraviţa-Ciclova Cu-Mo-(W) ore field
Verhandl.kaiserl.-königl.Reichsanst.Wien,(1859) 11, 41; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 755.
Udubașa, G., Ďud'a, R., Szakáll, S., Kvasnytsya, V., Koszowska, E., Novák, M. (2002): Minerals of the Carpathians (Szakáll, S., ed.). Granit, Prague, Czech Rep., 482 pp.
  • Hunedoara
    • Deva
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 755.
Russia
 
  • Adygea
    • Maykopsky District
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica District
      • Ľubietová
Martin Števko, unpublished-EMPA-WDS and PXRD confirmed
  • Bratislava Region
    • Pezinok District
      • Pezinok
Števko M., Sejkora J. (2019): Nesquehonite from the Pezinok-Kolársky vrch antimony deposit, Malé Karpaty Mts. (Slovak Republic). Bulletin Mineralogie Petrologie, 27, 2, 370-373.
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava District
      • Dobšiná
        • Dobšiná mining district
Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD and EMPA-WDS confirmed
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
FAVREAU et al. (2013)
      • Pechina
        • Baños de Alhamilla
Rewitzer, C., Hochleitner, R. y Fehr, T. Mina Casualidad, Baños de Alhamilla, Almería, Spain (part 2). Mineral Up, 5, (5), 8-36
    • Córdoba
      • Villanueva de Córdoba
Schnorrer, G. (2000): Die Minerale der ehemaligen Grube Espuela de San Miguel bei Villanueva de Cordoba, Prov. Cordoba in Spanien. Der Aufschluss, 51, 211-222. (in German)
    • Huelva
      • Cala
        • Cala Mines
Cesar Menor-Salvan
  • Aragón
    • Zaragoza
      • Alpartir
Calvo, M. (2008). Minerales de Aragón. Prames,Zaragoza. 463 pags.
  • Asturias
    • Salas
      • Carlés
Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Pavías
Adrián Pesudo
Sweden
 
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
      • Långban Ore District
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Nordmark District
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Kjell Gatedal
Nysten, P. (1987). Armangite from Nordmark. GFF, 109(2), 110-110.
No reference listed
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino
    • Lugano
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 216.
Schmutz, L., Bachmann, A., Eichin, R., Rüegg, H.-R. & Vogel, C. (1986): Antimon-Mineralien aus dem Malcantone - Vorkommen und Ausbildung. Schweizer Strahler, No. 6, 249-289.
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Binn
        • Fäld
Graeser, et al. (2008) Faszination Lengenbach. KristalloGrafik-Verl., Achberg
    • Leuk
      • Turtmann-Unterems
        • Turtmann Valley
          • Blüomatttälli
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
          • Pipjitälli
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Sierre
      • Anniviers
        • Ayer
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 216.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
        • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
        • Vissoie
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Mohave County
The Canadian Mineralogist; October 2007; v. 45; no. 5; p. 1177-1188
      • Peach Springs
        • Peach Springs Canyon
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 253; Wenrich, K.J. & H.B. Sutphin (1988), Recognition of breccia pipes in northern Arizona, AZ Bur. Geol. Min. Tech. Fieldnotes: 18:1-5, 11.
  • California
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Cruz
Mineralogical Record: 17:315
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Table Mountain Mining District
        • Cottonwood Canyon
          • Bolivia
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan Mining District
          • Manhattan
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Washington
    • Skagit Co.
www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
Bart Cannon
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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