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Garnet Group

This page kindly sponsored by Hobart M. King
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About Garnet GroupHide

X = Mg, Ca, Fe(II), Mn(II), etc.
Z = Al, Fe(III), Cr(III), V(III) etc.
Trace amounts of Sn may replace Fe(III).
Named Carchedonius Garamanticus = Carthaginian or Garamantic Carbuncle in 77-79 by Pliny the Elder. Earlier named ΑνθραϪέ by Tyrtamus, commonly known by his honorary name, Theophrastus, possibly about 325-300 BCE, but seemingly a name also used for ruby spinel and red-pink sapphires.
Named from granatum (a pomegranate) for its resemblance to seeds of this fruit.
The classical name for a group of silicate minerals with the same structure.
Not to be confused with the Garnet Supergroup which also includes garnet-type vanadates and others.

In traditional and petrological use the name 'garnet' usually refers to these six minerals:

Traditional garnet species

Grossular Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Uvarovite Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Garnet Group.

Chemical Properties of Garnet GroupHide


X = Mg, Ca, Fe(II), Mn(II), etc.
Z = Al, Fe(III), Cr(III), V(III) etc.
Trace amounts of Sn may replace Fe(III).

Age distributionHide

Recorded ages:
Neoarchean to Neogene : 2640 ± 11 Ma to 5 Ma - based on 5 recorded ages.

Synonyms of Garnet GroupHide

Other Language Names for Garnet GroupHide

Simplified Chinese:石榴子石

Relationship of Garnet Group to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Berzeliite Group
Bitikleite Group
CryolithioniteNa3Li3[AlF6]2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Henritermierite Group
KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)Iso.
MonteneveiteCa3Sb5+2(Fe3+2Fe2+)O12Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
NikmelnikoviteCa12Fe2+Fe3+3Al3(SiO4)6(OH)20Trig. 3 : R3
Schorlomite Group
YafsoaniteCa3Zn3(TeO6)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
Group Members:
Almandine Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Andradite Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Calderite (Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
Eringaite Ca3Sc2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Goldmanite Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso.
Grossular Ca3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Knorringite Mg3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso.
Majorite Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
Menzerite-(Y) {(Y,REE),(Ca,Fe2+)}3{(Mg,Fe2+),(Fe3+,Al)}2[SiO4]3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Momoiite (Mn2+,Ca)3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Morimotoite Ca3(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
Pyrope Mg3Al2(SiO4)3Iso.
Spessartine Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Uvarovite Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Garnet Group in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for Garnet GroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Geiger, C.A. (2013) Garnet: A key phase in nature, the laboratory, and technology. Elements, 9, 447-452.
Galoisy, L. (2013) Garnet: From stone to star. Elements, 9, 453-456.
Grew, E.S., Locock, A.J., Mills, S.J., Galuskina, I.O., Galuskin, E.V., and Hålenius, U. (2013) Nomenclature of the garnet supergroup. American Mineralogist, 98, 785-811. [http://nrmima.nrm.se/Published%20garnet%20paper.pdf]
[For further references see "Garnet Supergroup" page.]

Internet Links for Garnet GroupHide

Significant localities for Garnet GroupHide

Showing 79 significant localities out of 15,777 recorded on mindat.org.

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Thackaringa District
[Almandine] Dart, T. (2007) Thackaringa Garnets. The Australian and New Zealand Mineral Collector Magazine, No.2: 3-8.
  • Tasmania
    • Burnie City
      • Hampshire district
        • Kara Mines
[Andradite] Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.; Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
  • Western Australia
    • Dundas Shire
      • Rawlinna
[Majorite] Smith, J. V.; Mason, Brian 1970 Pyroxene-Garnet Transformation in Coorara Meteorite. Science, Volume 168, Issue 3933, pp. 832-833
  • Styria
    • Murau District
      • St. Ruprecht
[Almandine] Dieter Dobnik;
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
[Calderite] KLEIN, C. (1966): Mineralogy and petrology of the metamorphosed Wabush iron formation, southwest Labrador. Journal of Petrology 7, 246-305. DUNN, P.J. (1979): On the validity of calderite. Canadian Mineralogist 17, 569-571.
  • Ontario
    • Parry Sound District
      • Georgian Bay
[Menzerite-(Y)] Grew E.S., Marsh J.H., Yates M.G., Lazic B., Armbruster T., Locock A., Bell S.W., Dyar M.D., Bernhardt H.J., Medenbach O. (2010): Menzerite-(Y), a new species, {(Y,REE)(Ca,Fe2+)2}[(Mg,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Al)](Si3)O12, from a felsic granulite, Parry Sound, Ontario, and a new garnet end-member, {Y2Ca}[Mg2](Si3)O12. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 1171-1193.
Czech Republic
[Pyrope] Danas System of Mineralogy 4th ed
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Ústí nad Labem District
[Grossular var: Hibschite] Ulrych, J. et al. (2000): Tertiary phonolite laccolith of Mariánská hora hill, N. Bohemia: geological, petrological and mineralogical characteristics. Acta Montana IRSM AS CR, series A No. 15 (116), p. 5-44.
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Saône-et-Loire
yves Mourey
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
[Grossular] Favreau G., Meisser N., Chiappero P.J. (2004), Saint-Maime (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence): un exemple de pyrométamorphisme en région provençale, n°3, pp: 59-92
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Franconia
      • Aschaffenburg
        • Haibach
          • Wendelberg
[Spessartine] Beudant, 1832
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Neustadt an der Waldnaab
        • Irchenrieth
[Almandine] Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
  • South Aegean
    • Paros
[Spessartine] Paraskevopoulos, G., & Marakis, G. (1972). Studies on the Mineral Spessartite from the Manganese Deposit District of the Paros Island, Greece. Chemie der Erde: Beiträge zur chemischen Mineralogie, Petrographie und Geologie, 295.
  • West Azerbaijan Province
    • Takab County
[Andradite var: Demantoid] Vachik Hairapetian Collection
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Villar Pellice
[Grossular var: Hessonite] Marco Macchieraldo, personal find
  • Ehime Prefecture
    • Saijo City
[Momoiite] Tanaka, H. et al. (2010) Momoiite (Mn2+,Ca)3(V3+,Al)2Si3O12, a new manganese vanadium garnet from Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 105, 92-96. [http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jmps/105/2/92/_pdf]
  • Kagoshima Prefecture
    • Mishima village
      • Satsuma-Ioujima (Satsuma-Iwojima; Iou island)
        • Iodake (Iwodake; Ioudake)
Amir Akhavan Collection
  • Nara Prefecture
    • Yoshino district
      • Tenkawa village
[Andradite] N. Shimobayashi, et al. (2005) Rainbow garnet from Tenkawa village in Nara. (www.gaaj-zenhokyo.co.jp/researchroom/2005/2005_12b-01e.html); Yurie NAKAMURA, Takahiro KURIBAYASHI, Toshiro NAGASE, Hiroyuki IMAI (2017) Cation ordering in iridescent garnet from Tenkawa village, Nara prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 112, #2, 97-101. ,; Akira Miyake, Yohei Igami, Chang Yuhchyuan, Norimasa Shimobayashi, Kenji Tsuda (2018) CBED analysis of iridescent garnets from Tenkawa, Nara Prefecture, Japan. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 466
  • Okayama Prefecture
    • Takahashi City
      • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
        • Fuka
[Morimotoite] Mineralogical Magazine (1995): 59: 115-120; Mineralogical Record: 27: 304.
  • Butha-Buthe District
[Knorringite] AmMin 53 (1968), 1833-1840
  • Veracruz
    • Tatatila Municipality
      • Piedra Parada
[Andradite var: Demantoid] Mineralogical Record Special Issue III, Nov.-Dec. 2003, Volume 34, No. 6 http://www.gia.edu/gems-gemology/winter-2015-gemnews-mexican-demantoid-new-deposits
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Omatako
[Calderite] VERMASS, F.H.S. (1952): Manganese-iron garnet from Otjosondu, South-West Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 29, 946-951; Dunn, P.J. (1979): On the validity of calderite. Canadian Mineralogist 17, 569-571; Amthauer, G., Katz-Lehnert, K., Lattard, D., Okrusch, M., Woermann, E. (1989): Crystal chemistry of natural Mn3+-bearing calderite-andradite garnets from Otjosondu, SWA/Namibia. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 189, 43-56; CLARK, A.M. (1993): Hey's Mineral Index (3rd ed.). Chapman and Hall, London, U.K. (107).; Cabral, A. R., Moore, J. M., Mapani, B. S., Koubová, M., & Sattler, C. D. (2011). Geochemical and mineralogical constraints on the genesis of the Otjosondu ferromanganese deposit, Namibia: hydrothermal exhalative versus hydrogenetic (including snowball-earth) origins. South African Journal of Geology, 114(1), 57-76.
  • Buskerud
[Andradite] d’Andrada, J. B. (1800): Der eigenschaften und kennzeichen einiger neuen fossilien aus Schweden und Norwegen nebst einigen chemischen bemerkungen ueber dieselben. Allgemeines Journal der Chemie 4, 28-39
  • Guarda
    • Almeida
      • Malpartida
[Spessartine] Felix Garcia Garcia Mineral Collection
  • Permskaya Oblast
    • Gornozavodskii area
      • Saranovskaya Village (Sarany)
[Uvarovite] [MinRec 25:218]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Суставов, С. Г., Шагалов, Е. С., Нурмухаметов, Ф. З., & Главатских, С. П. (2012). ПЕРВАЯ НАХОДКА В РОССИИ ОКСИГИДРАТОВ ХРОМА-ГРИМАЛЬДИТА И ГВИАНАИТА В ЮЖНО-САРАНОВСКОМ ХРОМИТОВОМ МЕСТОРОЖДЕНИИ. Литосфера, (3), 154-159.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Mirninsky District
[Eringaite] I. O. Galuskina, E. V. Galuskin, B. Lazic, T. Armbruster, P. DzierżAnowski, K. Prusik and R. Wrzalik(2010):Eringaite, Ca3Sc2(SiO4)3, a new mineral of the garnet group, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol.74(2), pp.365–373; Gałuskina, I.O., Gałuskin, E.V., Lazic, B., Armbruster, T., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Wrzalik, R. (2010): Eringaite, Ca3Sc2(SiO4)3, a new mineral of the garnet group. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 365-373.
[Grossular] Handbuch der Mineralogie by CAS Hofmann,(1811) 1, 479; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Evseev, A. A. (1973) Siberia's Crystals and Symmetry in the Distribution of Occurences of Minerals. World of Stone 1:11-20
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Asbest
[Grossular] [MinRec 32:41]; Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
  • Geneva
    • Dardagny-Russin
PITTARD J.-J.(1936). La Recherche de l’or dans la Région de Genève, 93p., Société Générale d’Imprimerie, Genève
  • Manyara Region
    • Simanjiro District
[Grossular var: Tsavorite] Feneyrol J., Gaston,G., Ohnenstetter D., Le Goff E., Malisa, E. P.J., Saul, M. Saul, E. Saul, J. & Pardieu, V. (2010): Lithostratigraphic and structural controls of ‘tsavorite’ deposits at Lemshuku, Merelani area, Tanzania. Comptes Rendus Geoscience. 342 (10), 778-785.
  • Aydin Province
[Almandine] Gübelin, E. and Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel (in Dutch).; Galoisy, L. (2013) Garnet: From Stone to Star. Elements, 9(6), 453-456.; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols;
  • Colorado
    • Chaffee Co.
      • Sedalia Mining District
[Almandine] Penfield, S.L., Sperry, F.L. (1886) On pseudomorphs of garnet from Lake Superior and Salida, Colorado. American Journal of Science, series 3, 32, 307-311; Van Alstine, R.E. (1974) Geology and mineral deposits of the Poncha Springs SE Quadrangle, Chaffee County, Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 829.; Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.; Voynick, S.M. (1994) Colorado Rockhounding: A Guide to Minerals, Gemstones, and Fossils. Mountain Press Publishing Company, Inc., Missoula MT, 384 pages.; Eckel, Edwin B. (1997) Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised, photo 4.; Mineralogical Record (2001) 32, 245.; Heimann, Adriana, Spry, Paul G., Teale, Graham S. (2005) Zincian spinel associated with metamorphosed proterozoic base-metal sulfide occurrences, Colorado: A re-evaluation of gahnite composition as a guide in exploration. The Canadian Mineralogist, 43(2), 601-622.; Rocks & Minerals (xxxx) 17, 204.
    • Clear Creek Co.
[Grossular] "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Larimer Co.
      • Crystal Mountain Pegmatite Mining District (Storm Mountain Mining District)
Maneotis: 2008
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield County
      • Redding (Reading)
        • Redding Glen (Redding Ridge)
[Almandine] Silliman, Benjamin. (1821), Remarkable Locality of Garnet, American Journal of Science, 1st series: 3(2): 241-2.; Manchester, James G. (1931): The Minerals of New York City and Its Environs. New York Mineralogical Club Bulletin: 3(1): 85.
[Grossular var: Hessonite] Murphy, Raymond H., Jr. (1966), Mineralogy of West Redding, Conn., Garnet Locality, Rocks and Minerals, 41(12): 896-897.
      • Trumbull
        • Long Hill
[Grossular] Shannon, Earl V. (1921b), Some Minerals from the Old Tungsten Mine at Long Hill in Trumbull, Connecticut. Proceedings U.S. National Museum: 58(2348): 469-482.; Dave Bodnar collection.
[Grossular] P. Cristofono collection; Dave Bodnar collection.
      • Weston
[Almandine] Hiller, John. (1967), unpublished sketch map.
      • Wilton
[Almandine] Harold Moritz collection
    • Hartford Co.
      • Glastonbury
[Almandine] www.treasuremountainmining.com; Rocks & Minerals (1995) 70:396-409
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Barkhamsted
[Grossular] Emerson, B. K. (1902), Note on Corundum and a Graphitic Essonite, from Barkhamsted, Connecticut. American Journal of Science: s. 4, 14: 234-6.
      • Litchfield
[Almandine] Hiller, John. (1982), Unpublished sketch map.; Gates, Robert M. and Nikolas L. Christensen. (1965). The Bedrock Geology of the West Torrington Quadrangle. State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut Quadrangle Report No. 17.
      • New Hartford
[Almandine] Taylor, Steuben. (1823). Localities of minerals. American Journal of Science: s. 1, 6: 246.
      • New Milford
        • Upper Merryall
[Almandine] Van King; USGS Prof Paper 255; Januzzi (1959); Elwell, Wilbur. (1937): Some Old Localities in Connecticut. Rocks and Minerals, vol 12, no. 9, pp. 270-1.
      • Roxbury
[Almandine] Yedlin, Leo N. (1947), Garnet at Roxbury and W. Redding, Conn. Rocks and Minerals, 22(9): 824-825.; Hiller, John. (1983), The Green's Farm Garnet Mine. Gems and Minerals: (547): 34-36.
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
[Almandine] Harold Moritz observations.
        • Middle Haddam
[Almandine] Taylor, Steuben. (1824), Miscellaneous localities of minerals. American Journal of Science: s. 1, 7: 253-4.; Schairer, J. F. (1931), The Minerals of Connecticut. State Geological and Natural History Survey Bulletin 51.
[Almandine] Field collected by Harold Moritz, confirmed by XRF.
      • Haddam
[Spessartine] Seybert, Henry (1823): Analysis of a manganesian garnet from Haddam. American Journal of Science s. 1, v. 6, p. 155-57.
        • Haddam Neck
[Almandine] Harold Moritz collection and photo
[Grossular] Davis, James W. (1901): The Minerals of Haddam, Conn. Mineral Collector, v. 8, no. 4, pp. 50-54, and no. 5, pp. 65-70.
[Spessartine] Seaman, David M. and Robert P. Gallant (1960): SPESSARTITE GARNET WITH HEXOCTAHEDRAL FACES FROM JAIL HILL, HADDAM, CONNECTICUT Rocks & Minerals, Vol. 35, Nos. 9-10, pp. 445-8.; Schooner, Richard. (1961): THE MINERALOGY OF CONNECTICUT.; Rocks & Min.: 70:403; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut minerals.
[Almandine] Harold Moritz collection
      • Middletown
[Almandine] Harold Moritz collection
    • New Haven Co.
      • Hamden
[Andradite var: Topazolite] Dana, Edward S. (1877): On the occurrence of Garnets with the Trap of New Haven, Connecticut. American Journal of Science Series 3, Volume 14, page 215.; Longwell & Dana, 1932. Walks & Rides in Central CT & MA, p.228.
      • New Haven
[Andradite var: Melanite] Dana, Edward S. (1877): On the occurrence of Garnets with the Trap of New Haven, Connecticut. American Journal of Science Series 3, Volume 14, page 215.
    • New London Co.
      • Colchester
        • Westchester
[Almandine] Jarnot & Jarnot (2004)
      • Lisbon
[Almandine] Field observations
    • Tolland Co.
      • Tolland
[Almandine] Skehan, James W. (2008), Roadside Geology of Connecticut and Rhode Island. Mountain Press, Missuola, Montana: 110.
      • Willington
        • West Willington
[Almandine] Ague, J. J. (1995): Deep Crustal Growth of Quartz, Kyanite and Garnet into Large-Aperature, fluid-filled fractures, northeastern Connecticut, USA. Journal of Metamorphic Geology: 13: 299-314.
  • Delaware
    • New Castle Co.
      • Wilmington
[Almandine] "Arthur Koch - collection"
  • Maine
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Casco
[Grossular] "Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998
  • Massachusetts
    • Franklin Co.
[Almandine] Harvard Museum of Natural History, no.117812
    • Hampden Co.
      • Russell
[Almandine] Kunz, George F. (1885). Precious Stones - abstract from Mineral Resources of the United States, Calendar Years 1883 and 1884 (Washington, DC: USGS), p. 746; Emerson, B. K. (1895): A Mineralogical Lexicon of Franklin, Hampshire, and Hampden Counties, Massachusetts (USGS Bulletin 126).
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Plainfield
[Spessartine] Dunn, P. J. (1976). On gem rhodonite from Massachusetts (J. Gemm 15(2): 76-80.)
  • New Hampshire
    • Hillsborough Co.
      • Amherst
[Grossular] P. Cristofono collection; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
[Andradite] Dunn(1995): Pt3: 357-359.
  • New Mexico
    • Cibola Co.
      • Laguna subdistrict
        • Sandy Mine
[Goldmanite] Moench, R.H. & Meyrowitz, R. (1964): Goldmanite, a vanadium garnet from Laguna, New Mexico. American Mineralogist. 49, 644-655
  • New York
    • Putnam Co.
      • Town of Southeast
        • Brewster
[Grossular] Januzzi (1976) Mineral Localities of Connecticut & Southeastern New York State (Dana, 1874) (Januzzi, 1966, 1989) (Manchester, 1931) (Trainer, 1938) (Whit¬lock, 1903).
  • North Carolina
    • Madison Co.
      • Marshall
[Almandine] Michael Streeter.,2003,A Rockhounding Guide to North Carolinas Blue Ridge Mountains:pp.66-67 Wilson,W.F and McKenzie, B.J.,1980,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina :NCGS Information Circular 24 pg. 38
[Grossular] K. Wood collection
  • Mashonaland East
    • Mutoko District (Mtoko District)
[Almandine] P Haas collection
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