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Sellaite

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About SellaiteHide

01698480014947601749938.jpg
Quintino Sella
Formula:
MgF2
Colour:
Colourless, white; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
5 - 5½
Specific Gravity:
3.15
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named for Quintino Sella (1827-1884), Italian mining engineer and mineralogist.

Classification of SellaiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
3.AB.15

3 : HALIDES
A : Simple halides, without H2O
B : M:X = 1:2
9.2.2.1

9 : NORMAL HALIDES
2 : AX2
8.4.1

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
4 : Halides of the alkaline earths and Mg

Physical Properties of SellaiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless, white; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
5 - 5½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {010} and {110}.
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
3.15 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.08 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SellaiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.378 nε = 1.390
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.012
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of SellaiteHide

Formula:
MgF2

Crystallography of SellaiteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P42/mnm
Setting:
P42/mnm
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.6213(2) Å, c = 3.0519(1) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.66
Unit Cell V:
65.18 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals stout prismatic to acicular [001]. Fibrous aggregates.
Twinning:
On {011}.

Type Occurrence of SellaiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
In bituminous dolomite-anhydrite rock in a glacial moraine.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of SellaiteHide

Other Language Names for SellaiteHide

Relationship of Sellaite to other SpeciesHide

Structurally related to group(s):

Common AssociatesHide

AnhydriteCaSO4
GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
SulphurS8
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
10 photos of Sellaite associated with Magnesite-Siderite Series
6 photos of Sellaite associated with QuartzSiO2
6 photos of Sellaite associated with FluoriteCaF2
6 photos of Sellaite associated with SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
4 photos of Sellaite associated with BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
4 photos of Sellaite associated with PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
3 photos of Sellaite associated with PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
2 photos of Sellaite associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
2 photos of Sellaite associated with TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
2 photos of Sellaite associated with MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.AB.FluorocronitePbF2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AB.05TolbachiteCuCl2Mon.
3.AB.10CocciniteHgI2Tet.
3.AB.20ChloromagnesiteMgCl2Hex.
3.AB.20Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.AB.20ScacchiteMnCl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.AB.25FluoriteCaF2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AB.25FrankdicksoniteBaF2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AB.25StrontiofluoriteSrF2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AB.30Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42Trig. 3 : R3
3.AB.35Gagarinite-(Y)NaCaYF6Hex. 6/m : P63/m
3.AB.35Gagarinite-(Ce)Na(REExCa1-x)(REEyCa1-y)F6Trig.
3.AB.35Polezhaevaite-(Ce)NaSrCeF6Hex. 6/m : P63/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.4.2NeighboriteNaMgF3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.4.3BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.4.4KorshunovskiteMg2Cl(OH)3 · 4H2OTric.
8.4.5CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
8.4.6TachyhydriteCaMg2Cl6 · 12H2OTrig.
8.4.7FluoriteCaF2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
8.4.8SinjariteCaCl2 · 2H2OTet.
8.4.9AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2OTrig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
8.4.10ChlorocalciteKCaCl3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.4.11RorisiteCaFClTet.
8.4.12JarliteNa(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2Mon. 2/m
8.4.13CalcjarliteNa(Ca,Sr)3Al3(OH)2F14Mon.
8.4.14TikhonenkoviteSr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.4.15AcuminiteSr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.4.16FrankdicksoniteBaF2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
8.4.17UsoviteBa2CaMgAl2F14Mon.
8.4.18BøgvaditeNa2SrBa2Al4F20Mon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Crystals exhibit a pale violet light when warmed and cleaved.
Slightly soluble in water.

Very slightly soluble in water. Decomposed by concentrated H2SO4.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SellaiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Strüver (1868) Acc. Torino, Att.: 4: 35. [detailed German abs. by Breithaupt in Berg- und Hüttenmännische Zeitung 28, 2010]
Scacchi (1886) Acc Napoli, Mem.: 1, no. 5 (as Belonesite).
Sella (1887) Acc. Linc., Mem.: 4: 455.
Pelloux (1919) Acc. Linc.Att.: 28: 284.
Goldschmidt (1922) 8: 34.
Buckley and Vernon (1925) Phil. Mag.: 49: 945.
Starraba (1930) Società geologica italiana, Rome, Bollettino: 48: 259 (as Zamboninite).
Heidorn (1932) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 356.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 37-39.
Sahama (1945) Ann. Ac. Sc. Fennicae, (A), part III, no. 9.
Centralblatt für Mineralogie: 356-364.
Acta Crystallographica (1976): B32: 2200-2204.
Pfaff, K., Staude, S., Markl, G. (2012): On the origin of sellaite (MgF2)-rich deposits in Mg-poor environments. American Mineralogist, 97, 1987–1997.

Internet Links for SellaiteHide

Localities for SellaiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Huíla Province
    • Lubango City Council
Amores-Casals, S., Melgarejo, J. C., Bambi, A., Gonçalves, A. O., Morais, E. A., Manuel, J., ... & Molist, J. M. (2019). Lamprophyre-Carbonatite Magma Mingling and Subsolidus Processes as Key Controls on Critical Element Concentration in Carbonatites—The Bonga Complex (Angola). Minerals, 9(10), 601.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Coomalie Shire
      • Adelaide River
Edith Trybalski
  • South Australia
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Ehrig, K., McPhie, J., Kamenetsky, V. (2012) Geology and mineralogical zonation of the Olympic Dam iron oxide Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Economic Geology Special Publication 16, pg. 237-267.
  • Tasmania
    • Break O'Day municipality
      • Blue Tier district
        • Lottah
Ross, A., 1978, EL 9/76 Blue Tier area annual report, unpub. TAsmanian Company Report 78-1314.
    • Kentish municipality
      • Moina - Middlesex District
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Heazlewood district
        • Luina
http://www.crocoite.com/mainadit/luina.htm
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
Bottrill; Wright, J. H., & Kwak, T. A. P. (1989). Tin-bearing greisens of mount Bischoff, northwestern Tasmania, Australia. Economic Geology, 84(3), 551-574.
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Brumado (Bom Jesus dos Meiras)
      • Serra das Éguas
Cassedanne, J.P & Resende, J. P. (1983): Sellaite from the Brumado mine. Mineralogical Record 14 (3): 179-181
Canada
 
  • New Brunswick
    • Kings Co.
      • Cardwell Parish
CM 43, 1469-1487
Canadian Mineralogist (1996): 34: 657-665.
      • Hammond Parish
        • Salt Springs evaporite deposit
BURNS, P.C., HAWTHORNE, F.C. & STIRLING, J.A.R. (1992): Trembathite, (Mg,Fe)3B7O13Cl, a new borate mineral from the Salt Springs potash deposit, Sussex, New Brunswick. Canadian Mineralogist 30, 445-448.
      • Studholm Parish
Grice, J.D., Gault, R.A., Van Velthuizen, J. (2005) Borate minerals of the Penobsquis and Millstream deposits, southern New Brunswick, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1469-1487.
China
 
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Linwu Co.
        • Xianghualing Sn-polymetallic ore field
Yuzhou Li (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(6), 29-35
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Yaogangxian W-Sn ore field
Yuzhou Li (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(6), 29-35
  • Sichuan
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Kangding Co.
Weifan Ding (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(3), 193-197: Denghong Wang, Yuchuan Chen, Jue Xu, Jianmin Yang, Chunji Xue, and Shenghao Yan (2000): Acta Geologica Sinica 74(3), 478-484.
France (TL)
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Savoie
      • Val Thorens
Atti Accad.Torino,(1868) 4, 35; Sella, A. (1888) Sellaite e minerali che l'accompagnano. Rivista di Mineralogia e Cristallografia Italiana, 3 (aprile-settembre 1888), 12-28. Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 39; "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Saône-et-Loire
      • Lucenay-l'Evêque
        • Cordesse
Le règne Minérale; (2007) Hors Série XIII : Les Minéraux du Morvan
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Prats-de-Mollo-la Preste (Prats de Molló-la Presta)
Dubru. M, (1986) Pétrologie et géochimie du marbre à brucite et des borates associés au gisement de tungstène de Costabonne, (Pyrénées orientales, France) 930p
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Tanneron
Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.; Mari, G. (2002) La mine de Fontsante (Var). Le Règne Minéral, 43, 38-60.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); Pfaff, K., Staude, S., Markl, G. (2012): On the origin of sellaite (MgF2)-rich deposits in Mg-poor environments. American Mineralogist, 97, 1987–1997.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Bell
- Blass, G., (2010): Die neuen Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralienwelt, Vol. 05
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
      • Ochtendung
Lapis 1988(7+8), 70-72
    • Vulkaneifel
      • Daun
        • Üdersdorf
Hentschel, G., Einige Funde ungewöhnlicher Minerale aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt, 7, 151-154, 1978
      • Kelberg
        • Drees
ko jansen
  • Saxony-Anhalt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Nordhausen
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 39.; Heidorn, F. (1932). Uber ein Vorkommen von Sellaite (MgF,) in Paragenese mit Bitumen aus dem Hauptdolomit des mittleren Zechsteins bei Bleicherode: Centralbl. Mineralogie, Geologie u. Paläontologie, Abt. A, 356-364.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 39.; Russo M., Campostrini I., Demartin F. (2014): Fumarolic minerals after the 1944 Vesuvius eruption. Plinius, 40, 306.
    • Salerno
      • Nocera Inferiore
Flamini, A. (1966): Sulla composizione chimica della nocerite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 35, 205-222; Aleksandrov, S.M. [Александров, С.М.] (1974): Geochemical peculiarities of the occurrences of endogenic borate mineralisation in Italy [Геохимические особенности проявления эндогенной боратной минерализации в Италии]. Geokhimiya, 10, 1440-1449 (in Russian); Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12; Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Petti, C., Puliti, R. (2002): Re-examination of fluosiderite, an unknown mineral from southern Italy: equal to fluorine-rich chondrodite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 151-155.
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Oulx
        • Signols
Brizio, P., Bittarello, E., Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E. (2014): Cava di Cumbë Suřdë, Signols, Oulx, Val di Susa, Torino, Piemonte. GMT 2014 Giornate Mineralogiche di Tavagnasco, 6-8 giugno 2014. Plinius, 40, 178.
  • Sicily
    • Metropolitan City of Catania
      • Etna Volcanic Complex
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 39; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
  • Tuscany
    • Massa-Carrara Province
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892. Seventh edition, revised and enlarged. John Wiley & Sons, New York, Volume II, page 39; Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., Dalena, D., Duchi, G., and Vezzalini, G. (1980) I minerali delle geodi della formazione marmifera di Carrara. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, serie A, 87, 93-124; Orlandi, P., and Franzini, M. (1994) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Cassa di Risparmio di Carrara - Amilcare Pizzi Editore S.p.A., Milano, 109 pp.; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
        • Torano quarrying basin
Pelloux, A. (1919) La sellaite del marmo di Carrara. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, Classe di Scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali, 28, 2° semestre, 284-287; Pelloux, A. (1919) Minerali della regione marmifera carrarese. Memorie dell'Accademia Lunigianese di Scienze "G. Cappellini", 1, 3-4, 96-107; Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., Dalena, D., Duchi, G., and Vezzalini, G. (1980) I minerali delle geodi della formazione marmifera di Carrara. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, serie A, 87, 93-124; Franzini, M., Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., and Dalena, D. (1982) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana Ed., Milano, 110 pp.; Franzini, M., Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., and Dalena, D. (1987) Minerals of the Carrara marble. Mineralogical Record, 18, 263-296; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Camarda, S., Chinellato, M., Appiani, R., Del Chiaro, L., and Sanguineti, G. (2019) Minerals from marbles of Carrara and the Apuan Alps. LoGisma editore, Vicchio (Firenze) - Musumeci S.p.A., Quart (Aosta), 144 pp.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Atyrau Region
    • Inder
Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
  • East Kazakhstan
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Karaganda Region
    • Balkhash
      • Kounrad Massif
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib
      • Usakos
www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Namibia/Erongo%2C%20Region/Karibib%2C%20Kreis/Ebony
Norway
 
  • Oppland
    • Lunner
Raade, G. & Haug, J. (1981): Morphology and twinning of sellaite from Gjerdingen, Norway. Mineralogical Record 12, 231-232
Peru
 
  • Áncash
    • Bolognesi Province
      • Huallanca District
        • Huallanca
Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.; Econ Geol (1985) 80:416-478
Poland
 
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Wodzisław Co.
      • Radlin
Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Segit, T., Kusy, D., Motyliński, R., Ciesielczuk, J., Deput, E., (2019): Carbon-nitrogen compounds, alcohols, mercaptans, monoterpenes, acetates, aldehydes, ketones, SF6, PH3, and other fire gases in coal-mining waste heaps of Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland) – a re-investigation by means of in situ FTIR external database approach. Science of The Total Environment (in press)
Russia
 
  • Bashkortostan
    • Beloretsk district
      • Ishlya
Ларионов Н.Н., Настасиенко Е.В., Смолянский П.Л., Cомов М.М. О новом типе селлаит-флюоритовой минерализации // Минералогический журнал. 1987. Т. 9. С. 22–25; Ellmies, R., Krupenin, M. T., Germann, K., Möller, P., & Echtler, H. P. (1999). The fluorite-sellaite deposits of Suran (Bashkir Meganticline, Urals). Processes to Processing, 841, 844.
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
  • Kamchatka Krai
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
        • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Pautov, L.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): Chubarrovite,KZn2(BO3)Cl2, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist. 53: 273-284.
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588.; Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Vergasova L P, Filatov S K, Starova G L, Matusevich Z L, Filosofova T M (1996) Vlodavetsite, AlCa2(SO4)2F2Cl·4H2O, a new mineral from volcanic exhalations, Transactions (Doklady) of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Earth science sections, 343, 173-176 abstract Am Min 81:768
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Yapaskurt, V.O., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): Sanguite, KCuCl3, A New Mineral From the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 53, 633-641
      • Mountain 1004
Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Minerals, 8: 498.
  • Primorsky Krai
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Krymsky, R. S., & Belyatsky, B. V. (2003, April). The age and genesis of Be-Nb-Ta-fluorite mineralization of Voznesenskoe &Pogranichnoe ore-deposits (Far East, Russia): U-Pb-Nd-Sr isotope constraints. In EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assembly.
Ryazantseva, M. D. (2001) Southwest Primorye (the Voznesenka Ore District). pp125-136 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Ladoga Region
      • Pitkyaranta District (Pitkäranta District)
Ivashchenko, V. I., Valkama, M., Sundblad, K., Golubev, A. I., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2011, September). New data on mineralogy and metallogeny of scarns in the Pitkyaranta ore region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 440, No. 1, p. 1307). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
      • Sortavala District
V.A. Gorelov (1997) Belomorian Belt in Gillen, C., & Rundqvist, D. V. (Eds.). Precambrian ore deposits of the East European and Siberian cratons (Vol. 30). Elsevier.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 39.
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha region
    • Ngorongoro District
Mineralogical Magazine 1997 61 : 779-789; Mitchell, R. H. (1997). Carbonate-carbonate immiscibility, neighborite and potassium iron sulphide in Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatite. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(6), 779-789.
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Dolores Co.
      • Rico Mts
        • Rico Mining District (Pioneer Mining District)
          • Silver Creek
            • Rico Argentine Mine
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Jefferson Co.
      • South Platte Pegmatite Mining District
Rare-Earth Pegmatites of the South Platte District, Colorado CGS Res Ser 11
Zambia
 
  • Muchinga Province
    • Muchinga Mountains
      • Isoka District
        • Isoka
Zambezi, P., Voncken, J.H.L., Hale, M., and Touret, J.L.R. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 239-250.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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