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Sartorite

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About SartoriteHide

08787730014947069858951.jpg
Wolfgang Sartorius von Waltershausen
Formula:
PbAs2S4
Simplified formula. May be Tl-bearing.
Colour:
Grey, grayish black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
5.08 - 5.12
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named after Wolfgang Sartorius von Waltershausen (1809 - 1876) Professor of Mineralogy, University of Göttingen, Germany. He was the first to describe the mineral.
NOTE: the "sartorite" structurally characterised by Berlepsch et al. (2003) corresponds to enneasartorite. All "sartorite" occurrences published in the literature and based on (often) insufficient evidence should probably be reinvestigated to find out to which member of the Sartorite Group they confirm.

The structure (Berlepsch et al., 2003) contains isolated and interconnected AsS3 pyramids, as, e.g., in the case of baumhauerite, dufrénoysite, gratonite, and seligmannite.


Classification of SartoriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.HC.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
C : With only Pb
3.7.8.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
7 : ø = 2
5.6.1

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone

Physical Properties of SartoriteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Grey, grayish black
Streak:
chocolate-brown
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
Imperfect/Fair
Fair on {100}.
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
5.08 - 5.12 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.13 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SartoriteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Weak
Colour in reflected light:
White
Internal Reflections:
Deep red.
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Rarely visible in oil

Chemical Properties of SartoriteHide

Formula:
PbAs2S4

Simplified formula. May be Tl-bearing.

Crystallography of SartoriteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 19.62 Å, b = 7.89 Å, c = 4.19 Å
β = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.487 : 1 : 0.531
Unit Cell V:
648.62 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Prismatic and deeply striated [010] to 10cm. Terminal forms often rounded and interrupted, cavernous at times. Parallel and subparallel groupings common.
Twinning:
On {100}, often repeated. Exhibits twin lamellae in polished sections; bent at times.
Comment:
Pseudocell

Type Occurrence of SartoriteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Hydrothermal deposit in dolomite

Synonyms of SartoriteHide

Other Language Names for SartoriteHide

Simplified Chinese:脆硫砷铅矿
Spanish:Sartorita

Relationship of Sartorite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
ArgentodufrénoysiteAg3Pb26As35S80Tric. 1 : P1
ArgentoliveingiteAgxPb40-2xAs48+xS112Tric. 1 : P1
BarikaiteAg3Pb10(Sb8As11)S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
BaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
BernarlottiitePb6(As5Sb3)S18Tric. 1 : P1
BoscardiniteTlPb4(Sb7As2)S18Tric. 1 : P1
Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
DekatriasartoriteTlPb58As97S204Mon. 2/m : P21/b
DufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
ÉcrinsiteAgTl3Pb4As11Sb9S36Tric. 1 : P1
EnneasartoriteTl6Pb32As70S140Mon. 2/m : P21/b
GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
HendekasartoriteTl2Pb48As82S172Mon. 2/m : P21/b
HeptasartoriteTl7Pb22As55S108Mon. 2/m : P21/b
HyršlitePb8As10Sb6S32Mon. 2 : P21
IncomsartoriteTl6Pb144As246S516Mon. 2/m
LiveingitePb9As13S28Mon.
ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8Mon. m
PhilrothiteTlAs3S5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
PierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
PolloneiteAgPb46As26Sb23S120Mon. 2 : P21
RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
VeenitePb16Sb9-xAs7+xS40, x ~ 0-0.5Mon. 2 : P21

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
15 photos of Sartorite associated with PyriteFeS2
11 photos of Sartorite associated with RealgarAs4S4
5 photos of Sartorite associated with DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
2 photos of Sartorite associated with SphaleriteZnS
1 photo of Sartorite associated with HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9
1 photo of Sartorite associated with GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
1 photo of Sartorite associated with DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
1 photo of Sartorite associated with SinneriteCu6As4S9

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HC.05bArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05bBaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05eChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05dDufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05aGuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.05cLiveingitePb9As13S28Mon.
2.HC.05fParapierrotiteTlSb5S8Mon. m
2.HC.05fPierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
2.HC.05dRathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.05aTwinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
2.HC.05dVeenitePb16Sb9-xAs7+xS40, x ~ 0-0.5Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05gMarumoitePb32As40S92Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05eDalnegroite(Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.10aFülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.10cHeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.10bPlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
2.HC.10dRayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
2.HC.10dSemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.15FalkmanitePb3Sb2S6Mon.
2.HC.20RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HC.25MoëloitePb6Sb6S14(S3)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 2
2.HC.30DadsonitePb23Sb25S60ClTric. 1 : P1
2.HC.35OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.35ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
2.HC.40ParasterryiteAg4Pb20Sb14As10S58Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.7.8.2GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.8.3Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.3LiveingitePb9As13S28Mon.
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.11LaunayiteCuPb10(Sb,As)12S20Mon.
5.6.12PlayfairitePb16(Sb,As)19S44ClMon.
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.14MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43Orth.
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
5.6.20VeenitePb16Sb9-xAs7+xS40, x ~ 0-0.5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.21SorbyiteCuPb9(Sb,As)11S26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.25CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.27GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29XilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
5.6.30WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
5.6.31WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27Mon.
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SartoriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Dana (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th Edition: 87.
Groth (1882) 22.
Solly (1900) Mineralogical Magazine: 12: 282.
Trechmann (1907) Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 212.
Smith, G.F.H. and Solly, R.H. (1919) On sartorite and the problem of its crystal-form. Mineral. Mag., 18, 259-316.
Schneiderhöhn and Ramdohr: 2: 491.
Bannister, F.A., Pabst, A. and Vaux, G. (1939) The crystallography of sartorite. Mineralogical Magazine 25, 264-270.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 478-481.
Iitaka, Y. & Nowacki, W. (1961) A refinement of the pseudo crystal structure of scleroclase PbAs2S4. Acta Crystallographica 14, 1291-1292.
Pring, A. (1995) Structural modulation in sartorite: An electron microscopy study. Am. Mineral. 78, 619-626.
Berlepsch, P., Armbruster, T., Makovicky, E., Topa, D. (2003) Another step toward understanding the true nature of sartorite: Determination and refinement of a ninefold superstructure. Am. Mineral. 88, 450-461. [= enneasartorite].
Kharbish, S. (2016) Micro‐Raman spectroscopic investigations of extremely scarce Pb–As sulfosalt minerals: baumhauerite, dufrénoysite, gratonite, sartorite, and seligmannite. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy 47, 1360-1366.

Internet Links for SartoriteHide

Localities for SartoriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Jujuy Province
    • Rinconada Department
      • Rinconada
Sureda, R.J., Brito, J.R. (1992) Sartorita, PbAs2S4, en el prospecto polimetalico cerro Redondo, Jujuy, Argentina. 1 Reunion de Mineralogia y Metalogenia. Instituto de Recursos Minerales. UNLP Publicacion 2:307-318.; Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); Coira, B. L., & de Brodtkorb, M. K. (1995) Polymetallic mineralization associated with Cenozoic volcanism in Northern Puna, Argentina. In Pacrim (Vol. 95, pp. 135-140).
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • Innsbruck-Land District
      • Hall
        • Hall valley
Spötl (1989)
Azerbaijan
 
  • Balakan District
    • Belokan-Avar ore district
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
China
 
  • Hunan
    • Huaihua
      • Huitong Co.
Dezhong Zhou, Dayuan Ye, and Dalong Yu (1989): Mineral Deposits 8(1), 51-64
Hungary
 
  • Pest County
    • Szob District
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Seravezza
Canadian Mineralogist (1980) 18:13-15; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Shiribeshi Subprefecture
      • Abuta District
        • Takarada
Shimizu & Matsuyama (1997) Ganko-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 160.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Granada
      • Baza
        • Sierra de Baza
Torres-Ruis, J., Velilla, N., Vivaldi, M., Manuel, J., Delgado Salazar, F., & Fenoll Hach-Ali, P. (1985). The fluorite-(Ba-Pb-Zn) deposits of the" Sierra de Baza"(Betic Cordillera, South-Eeast Spain). Bulletin de minéralogie, 108(3), 421-436.
Switzerland (TL)
 
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Binn
        • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Acta Crystallographica, 14, pp. 1291(1961)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 361.
Cannon, R., Hensel, H. & Raber, T. (2008): Der Reckibach-Dolomit im Binntal, Schweiz: Mineralbestand und Neufunde. Lapis, 33 (3), 20-28; 50. (in German); Lapis No. 3, March 2008
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • San Juan Co.
      • Red Mountain Mining District
        • Anvil Mountain
Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Balmat-Edwards Zinc Mining District
        • Fowler
          • Sylvia Lake
 
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