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Buca della Vena Mine, Ponte Stazzemese, Stazzema, Lucca Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Buca della Vena MineMine
Ponte Stazzemese- not defined -
StazzemaCommune
Lucca ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry
Buca della Vena Mine, Ponte Stazzemese, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
43° 59' 54'' North , 10° 17' 39'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Pontestazzemese177 (2014)0.2km
Mulina139 (2014)1.3km
Stazzema223 (2014)1.4km
Pruno113 (2014)1.7km
Retignano360 (2014)1.8km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Miniera di Buca della Vena, Ponte Stazzemese, Stazzema, Alpi Apuane, Lucca, Toscana, Italia


The Buca della Vena mine was exploited for barite and Fe-oxides up to 1988. The mineralization is hosted within two carbonatic lenses of dolomitic metalimestones of Upper Triassic age (Grezzoni formation) and marble of Liassic age (Marble formation), interbedded with lenses of phyllites. The ore body and the hosted rocks show evidence of deformations which have been referred to as a first compressive tectonic phase dating back 26 m.y. Measured homogenization temperature in beryl crystals from the ore body ranged from 250° to 340° C, in good agreement with the metamorphic grade of the area (greenschist facies).
Carmignani et al. (1972, 1976) considered this deposit to be a metasomatic replacement of carbonate rocks, genetically connected to a hypothetical synkinematic intrusive body.
According to Cortecci et al. (1985), on the other hand, on the basis of isotope analysis of sulfates and sulfides, concluded that the deposit is sedimentary in origin and was subsequently metamorphosed and partly remobilized during the Tertiary Appenninic orogeny.

Orlandi & Dini (2004) distinguish four different kinds of occurrence of Buca della Vena minerals:
-Type V-1 veins: calcite and barite veins embedded in the dolomitic limestones.
-Type V-2 veins: quartz and barite veins embedded in the ore body (Fe-oxides + barite)
-Type V-3 veins: quartz veins embedded in the phyllites.
-Type F-1 fractures: vertical fractures with the wall covered by calcite, barite and albite crystals.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


75 valid minerals. 14 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Habit: tabular
Colour: colorless, white
Description: xls up to 1 cm in F-1 fractures. xls up to 5 mm included in dolomitic limestone.
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Habit: prismatic xls
Colour: brown, black
Description: Type V-3 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Allanite-(La) (TL)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Habit: prismatic
Colour: black
Description: xls up to 5 mm. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Pasero, M. (2006): Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44: 63-68
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Habit: bypiramidal, tabular
Colour: brown, red, honey-yellow, blue, black
Description: xls up to 3 mm. Type V-1 and V-3 veins.
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Colour: black
Description: Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Apuanite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4Sb3+4O12S
Type Locality:
Habit: prismatic
Colour: black
Description: In the past, it was rather common in the Sala del Castello. Today, it is very difficult to find samples of this phase. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Mellini M., Merlino S., Orlandi P. (1979) Versiliaite and apuanite, two new minerals from the Apuane Alps, Italy. American Mineralogist, 64, 1230-1234.; Orlandi P., Dini A. (2004) Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1, 11-24.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: spray of acicular xls
Colour: white
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Habit: crusts or lamellar xls
Colour: green-blue
Description: It is a product of the alteration of Cu sulfosalts, like bournonite.
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Habit: tabular xls
Colour: blue
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Habit: prismatic
Colour: colorless, white, green
Description: xls up to 5 cm. It is present in all types of occurrences.
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Habit: prismatic xls
Colour: blue, green
Description: Type V-1 and V-2 veins.
Reference: Duchi G., Franzini M., Giamello M., Orlandi P.(1993): The iron-rich beryls of Alpi Apuane. Mineralogy, chemistry and fluid inclusion. N. Jb. Miner. Mh., 193-207.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Habit: prismatic
Colour: blue
Description: Type V-1 veins. It is also present in type V-2 veins, associated with hematite and quartz.
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Habit: prismatic
Colour: green
Description: Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Duchi G., Franzini M., Giamello M., Orlandi P., Riccobono F., 1993. The iron-rich beryls of Alpi Apuane. Mineralogy, chemistry and fluid inclusion. N. Jb. Mineral. Mh.: 193-207
Bohuslavite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+4(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 <= n <= 24)
Type Locality:
Description: Type locality
Reference: Mauro, D., Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Hålenius, U., Pasero, M., Skogby, H., Zaccarini, F., Sejkora, J., Plášil, J., Kampf, A.R., Filip, J., Novotný, P. and Škoda, R. (2019) Bohuslavite, IMA 2018-074a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 48, April 2019: xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 83: xxx-xxx Mauro, D., Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Hålenius, U., Pasero, M., Skogby, H., Zaccarini, F., Sejkora, J., Plášil, J., Kampf, A.R., Filip, J., Novotný, P., Škoda, R., Witzke, T. (2019) Fe3+4(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)(H2O)10·nH2O, a new hydrated iron phosphate-sulfate. European Journal of Mineralogy 31, 1033-1046.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Habit: thin, sometimes bent, acicular xls
Colour: steel gray
Reference: Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Habit: prismatic, striated // elongation.
Colour: black
Description: Type V-1 veins and F-1 fractures.
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 17 (4), 261-268. Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Brannerite ?
Formula: UTi2O6
Habit: prismatic xls
Colour: black
Description: XRD show that this mineral is amorphous, even after heating up to 900°C. EDS analysis show only the presence of U and Ti. It can be brannerite or orthobrannerite.
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Campostrini, I. (2005): Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 184-191.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: rhomboedric
Colour: white, pink, colorless, black
Description: It contains several % of Mg[CO3]
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Habit: tabular
Colour: colorless, brown
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Habit: tabular, acicular
Colour: brown-blackish
Description: Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Chapmanite
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Colour: green
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Habit: rhombohedric xls
Colour: red
Description: xls size < 0,5 mm. It is present in V-1 veins and F-1 veins of Sala del Castello.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Habit: micaceous
Colour: green
Description: Type V-1 and V-2 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Dini, A. & Orlandi, P. (1995) Coloradoite (HgTe), from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 102, 47-50.
Dadsonite
Formula: Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Habit: slightly flattened, acicular xls
Colour: black
Description: It is very similar to rouxelite.
Reference: Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229; Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y. & Biagioni, C. (2010). Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). X. Dadsonite from the Buca della Vena mine and Bi-rich izoklakeite from the Seravezza marble quarries. Periodico di Mineralogia, 79, 113-121.
Derbylite
Formula: Fe3+4Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Habit: prismatic, often twinned
Colour: black
Description: xls up to 3 mm. Type V-1 veins. It contains up to 10 wt% V2O3.
Reference: Mellini M., Orlandi P., Vezzalini G (1986).: V-derbylite from Buca della Vena mine. Apuan Alps Italy . Mineralogical Magazine, 50, 328-330.
Dessauite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Type Locality:
Habit: pseudo-hexagonal
Colour: black
Description: Type V-1 veins. Only one sample found.
Reference: Orlandi P., Pasero M., Duchi G., Olmi F., 1997. Dessauite, (Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20 O38, a new mineral of the crichtonite group from Buca della Vena mine, Tuscany, Italy. Amer. Miner., 82: 807-811; Orlandi, P. & Pasero, M. (2006): Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 63-68.
Destinezite
Formula: Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Habit: rhomboedric
Colour: white
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 17 (4), 261-268; Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Habit: prismatic
Colour: brown-red
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Habit: tabular
Colour: colorless
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Habit: cubic
Colour: colorless, violet
Description: Type V-1 veins
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Habit: cubic
Colour: lead-grey
Description: Type V-2 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Habit: prismatic
Colour: colorless
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Habit: tabular
Colour: black
Description: It forms, with baryte and magnetite, the ore bodies. It is also present in type V-1 and V-2 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Jamborite ?
Formula: Ni2+1-xCo3+x(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
Habit: crusts
Colour: green
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Karelianite
Formula: V3+2O3
Habit: tabular, pseudohexagonal
Colour: black
Description: xls size < 1 mm. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
'K Feldspar'
Habit: tabular
Colour: colorless, white
Description: Type V-3 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Habit: tabular
Colour: colorless, white
Description: Type V-3 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Habit: octahedric, cubeoctahedric
Colour: black
Description: It forms, with baryte and hematite, the ore bodies. It is also present in type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: crust, acicular xls
Colour: green
Description: It is an alteration product of bournonite and tetrahedrite.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Mapiquiroite (TL)
Formula: (Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Nestola, F. and Bindi, L. (2013) Mapiquiroite, IMA 2013-010. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2703;Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Nestola, F., Bindi, L. (2014): Mapiquiroite, (Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38, a new member of the crichtonite group from the Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26, 427-437. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.
Marrucciite (TL)
Formula: Hg3Pb16Sb18S46
Type Locality:
Reference: Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Campostrini, I., Meerschaut, A. (2007): Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). IX. Marrucciite, Hg3Pb16Sb18S46, a new sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps: Definition and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 267-279.
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Biagioni, C. & Orlandi, P. (2009). Tiemannite e metacinabro della miniera Buca della Vena (Alpi Apuane). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 114, 13-17.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Habit: acicular
Colour: golden yellow
Description: It is partially altered in a earthy green mineral (jamborite ?).
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Colour: honey yellow to pink
Description: Type V-3 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Montroseite
Formula: (V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
Habit: prismatic xls
Colour: black
Description: xls size < 1 mm. Type V-1 veins. It is associated with an unidentified mineral.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Muscovite ?
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Oxycalcioroméite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Sb2O6O
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C. and Orlandi, P. (2012): Oxycalcioroméite, IMA 2012-022. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1283; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Nestola, F., Bianchin, S. (2013): Oxycalcioroméite, Ca2Sb2O6O, from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy: a new member of the pyrochlore supergroup. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3027-3037.
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Apple green acicular crystals pseudomorph after millerite (XRD-G).
Reference: Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro, 1/2011, 39-42
Pellouxite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Type Locality:
Habit: strongly flattened, ribbon-like xls.
Colour: black
Description: IMA 2001-033
Reference: Lapis 29(1), 11-24 (2004); Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Meerschaut, A., Palvadeau, P., Leone, Ph., 2004: Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). VI. Pellouxite, ~ (Cu,Ag)2Pb21Sb23S55ClO, a new oxy-chloro-sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16: 839-844
Pillaite (TL)
Formula: Pb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Type Locality:
Habit: very slight acicular xls; striated // to the elongation
Colour: lead-gray, sometimes coated by thin iridescent
Description: xls up to 1 cm.
Reference: Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Habit: pentagonododecahedric xls, octahedric xls
Colour: yellow
Description: It is present in all the occurrences.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Habit: octahedric xls
Colour: yellow, reddish
Description: xls size > 1 mm. Type V-1 veins. Orlandi & Dini (2004) describe this as a stibiobetafite without any analysis.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)' ?
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Habit: octahedric xls
Colour: yellow, reddish
Description: xls size > 1 mm. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Habit: prismatic xls
Colour: colorless
Description: Type V-2 and V-3 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Robinsonite
Formula: Pb4Sb6S13
Habit: acicular with mirror-like non striated faces
Colour: black
Description: xls up to 1 cm.
Reference: Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229.
Rouxelite (TL)
Formula: Cu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Type Locality:
Habit: thin acicular xls
Colour: pitch black
Description: xls are more than 1 cm in lenght but only few micron in thickness. IMA 2002-062.
Reference: Orlandi P., Meerschaut A., Moëlo Y., Palvadeau P., Léone P., 2005. Lead–antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). VIII. Rouxelite, Cu2HgPb22Sb28S64(O,S)2, a new sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps: definition and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 43: 919-933.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Habit: acicular, prismatic
Colour: yellow, red, black
Description: Type V-1 and V-3 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Scainiite (TL)
Formula: Pb14Sb30S54O5
Type Locality:
Habit: acicular, sometimes flattened xls
Colour: black, with frequent bluish hues
Reference: Orlandi P., Moëlo Y., Meerschaut A., Palvadeau P. (1999): Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy): I. Scainiite, Pb14Sb30S54O5, the first Pb-Sboxy-sulfosalt, from Buca della Vena mine., European Journal of Mineralogy 11, 949-954
Schafarzikite
Formula: Fe2+Sb3+2O4
Habit: prismatic
Colour: dark brown
Description: It is known only in few specimens.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Seligmannite ?
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Description: Crystals of bournonite-seligmannite series are reported by Orlandi & Checchi (1986) but successively studies seem to show that all the samples are Sb-rich (so they are bournonites).
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Habit: octahedric
Colour: colorless
Description: F-1 fractures
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Habit: rhombohedric xls
Colour: brown
Description: It is associated with hematite and magnetite near the type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Habit: hexagonal lamellae
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Habit: trapezohedral xls
Colour: orange-brown
Description: In the marble
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Habit: tetrahedral xls
Colour: honey yellow, ruby red, black
Description: In type V-1 veins and F-1 fractures. Tiny, ruby red xls have been observed with altered aggregates of apuanite.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Description: It is an alteration product of stibnite.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Stibivanite (TL)
Formula: Sb2VO5
Type Locality:
Habit: tabular, prismatic, acicular xls
Colour: emerald green, yellow-green
Description: xls up to 3-4 mm. Buca della Vena mine is the type locality for the politype stibivanite-2O, found only in one sample and indistinguishable from stibivanite-2M, also present in this locality. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 21, pp. 159-160 (1983)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Habit: tabular-prismatic xls
Colour: black, with bluish iridescence
Description: It is very similar to scainiite. Usually it is associated with Pb-acicular sulfosalts in F-1 fractures. It is also present in V-1 veins; probably, in this occurrence, it is an alteration product of apuanite.
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 17 (4), 261-268. Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Colour: yellow brown
Description: Type V-2 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: • Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Habit: complex xls
Colour: black
Description: Type V-1 veins
Reference: [AmMin 87:182]
Tetrahedrite-(Hg) (TL)
Formula: Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4S12S
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Sejkora, J., Musetti, S., Velebil, D. and Pasero, M. (2019) Tetrahedrite-(Hg), IMA 2019-003. CNMNC Newsletter No. 51; European Journal of Mineralogy, 31, https://doi.org/10.1127/ejm/2019/0031-2894
Tiemannite
Formula: HgSe
Reference: Biagioni, C. & Orlandi, P. (2009). Tiemannite e metacinabro della miniera Buca della Vena (Alpi Apuane). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 114, 13-17.
Tintinaite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Habit: prismatic-acicular with non striated faces. It never shows a strongly acicular habit.
Colour: gray
Reference: Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P. (2015) Valentinite. Miniera Buca della Vena, Stazzema (LU). In "Mineralogia sistematica. Notizie dai laboratori di analisi". Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 39, 58-61.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Habit: prismatic
Colour: red
Reference: [MinRec 17:266-267]; Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Versiliaite (TL)
Formula: Fe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Type Locality:
Habit: prismatic
Colour: black
Reference: Mellini M., Merlino S., Orlandi P., 1979. Versiliaite and apuanite, two new minerals from the Apuane Alps, Italy. Amer. Miner., 64: 1230-1234. Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Colour: green
Description: Type V-2 veins
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 17 (4), 261-268; Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Habit: prismatic, deep striations // to elongation; acicular
Colour: steel grey, sometimes with iridescent hues. Never black.
Reference: Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Dadsonite2.HC.30Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Marrucciite (TL)2.JB.60Hg3Pb16Sb18S46
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Pellouxite (TL)2.JB.35d(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Pillaite (TL)2.JB.35cPb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Robinsonite2.HC.20Pb4Sb6S13
Rouxelite (TL)2.JB.25jCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Scainiite (TL)2.JB.35bPb14Sb30S54O5
Seligmannite ?2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Tiemannite2.CB.05aHgSe
Tintinaite2.HB.10aPb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Apuanite (TL)4.JA.25Fe2+Fe3+4Sb3+4O12S
Brannerite ?4.DH.05UTi2O6
Derbylite4.JB.55Fe3+4Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Dessauite-(Y) (TL)4.CC.40(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Jamborite ?4.FL.05Ni2+1-xCo3+x(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
Karelianite4.CB.05V3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Mapiquiroite (TL)4.00.(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Montroseite4.FD.10(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Schafarzikite4.JA.20Fe2+Sb3+2O4
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibivanite (TL)4.JA.55Sb2VO5
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Versiliaite (TL)4.JA.30Fe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Destinezite8.DB.05Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La) (TL)9.BG.05b{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chapmanite9.ED.25Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Muscovite ?9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pecoraite9.ED.15Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Andorite'-AgPbSb3S6
Bohuslavite (TL)-Fe3+4(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 <= n <= 24)
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Oxycalcioroméite (TL)-Ca2Sb2O6O
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)' ?-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Tetrahedrite-(Hg) (TL)-Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4S12S

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Tiemannite2.8.2.4HgSe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Seligmannite ?3.4.3.1PbCuAsS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Dadsonite3.6.8.1Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Robinsonite3.6.16.1Pb4Sb6S13
Tintinaite3.6.19.2Pb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
ø = 2
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Karelianite4.3.1.4V3+2O3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Montroseite6.1.1.4(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
X(OH)3
Jamborite ?6.3.8.1Ni2+1-xCo3+x(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)' ?
8.2.3.4A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
AB2O6
Brannerite ?8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Apuanite (TL)45.1.9.1Fe2+Fe3+4Sb3+4O12S
Schafarzikite45.1.6.1Fe2+Sb3+2O4
Stibivanite (TL)45.1.11.2Sb2VO5
Versiliaite (TL)45.1.10.1Fe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Group 46 - ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Derbylite46.2.3.2Fe3+4Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La) (TL)58.2.1a.2{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chapmanite71.1.3.2Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Pecoraite71.1.2d.4Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite ?71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Andorite'-AgPbSb3S6
Aragonite-CaCO3
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bohuslavite (TL)-Fe3+4(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 <= n <= 24)
Dessauite-(Y) (TL)-(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Destinezite-Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Mapiquiroite (TL)-(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Marrucciite (TL)-Hg3Pb16Sb18S46
Oxycalcioroméite (TL)-Ca2Sb2O6O
Pellouxite (TL)-(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Pillaite (TL)-Pb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Rouxelite (TL)-Cu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Scainiite (TL)-Pb14Sb30S54O5
Tetrahedrite-(Hg) (TL)-Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4S12S

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BohuslaviteFe43+(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 ≤ n ≤ 24)
H DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
H DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
H ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H JamboriteNi2+1-xCox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O ApuaniteFe2+Fe43+Sb43+O12S
O StibivaniteSb2VO5
O PillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
O Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
O VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
O ScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5
O Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
O Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O OxycalcioroméiteCa2Sb2O6O
O Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
O BohuslaviteFe43+(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 ≤ n ≤ 24)
O DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
O BaryteBaSO4
O AnataseTiO2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CerussitePbCO3
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O HematiteFe2O3
O SchafarzikiteFe2+Sb23+O4
O RutileTiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
O KarelianiteV23+O3
O ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O SenarmontiteSb2O3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O CalciteCaCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O QuartzSiO2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O JamboriteNi2+1-xCox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
O BranneriteUTi2O6
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P BohuslaviteFe43+(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 ≤ n ≤ 24)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S ApuaniteFe2+Fe43+Sb43+O12S
S PillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
S Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
S VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
S ScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5
S RouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
S MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46
S BohuslaviteFe43+(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 ≤ n ≤ 24)
S Tetrahedrite-(Hg)Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4S12S
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S BaryteBaSO4
S RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
S TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
S PyriteFeS2
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MilleriteNiS
S Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SulphurS8
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S MetacinnabarHgS
S CinnabarHgS
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S StibniteSb2S3
S AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
S DadsonitePb23Sb25S60Cl
S SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
S JamboriteNi2+1-xCox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
ClChlorine
Cl PillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Cl Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl DadsonitePb23Sb25S60Cl
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca OxycalcioroméiteCa2Sb2O6O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
TiTitanium
Ti Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Ti Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Ti DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti BranneriteUTi2O6
VVanadium
V StibivaniteSb2VO5
V KarelianiteV23+O3
V Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
CrChromium
Cr Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe ApuaniteFe2+Fe43+Sb43+O12S
Fe VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Fe Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Fe Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Fe BohuslaviteFe43+(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 ≤ n ≤ 24)
Fe DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SchafarzikiteFe2+Sb23+O4
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Fe ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Fe Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
Fe Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
CoCobalt
Co JamboriteNi2+1-xCox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
NiNickel
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
Ni PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Ni JamboriteNi2+1-xCox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
CuCopper
Cu Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Cu RouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Cu Tetrahedrite-(Hg)Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4S12S
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
ZnZinc
Zn VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
AsArsenic
As VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
SeSelenium
Se TiemanniteHgSe
SrStrontium
Sr Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Sr Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
YYttrium
Y Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Y Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
AgSilver
Ag Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Ag AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
SbAntimony
Sb ApuaniteFe2+Fe43+Sb43+O12S
Sb StibivaniteSb2VO5
Sb PillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Sb Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Sb VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Sb ScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5
Sb RouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Sb MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46
Sb OxycalcioroméiteCa2Sb2O6O
Sb Tetrahedrite-(Hg)Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4S12S
Sb DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Sb TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Sb SchafarzikiteFe2+Sb23+O4
Sb ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Sb SenarmontiteSb2O3
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Sb DadsonitePb23Sb25S60Cl
TeTellurium
Te ColoradoiteHgTe
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
LaLanthanum
La Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
WTungsten
W StolzitePb(WO4)
HgMercury
Hg RouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Hg MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46
Hg Tetrahedrite-(Hg)Cu6(Cu4Hg2)Sb4S12S
Hg ColoradoiteHgTe
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
Hg TiemanniteHgSe
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb PillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Pb Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Pb ScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5
Pb Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Pb RouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Pb MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46
Pb Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Pb RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Pb TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Pb DadsonitePb23Sb25S60Cl
Pb SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
BiBismuth
Bi TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
UUranium
U Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
U Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
U BranneriteUTi2O6

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Panichi, U. (1911) Minerali che accompagnano il giacimento ferrifero della Buca della Vena presso Stazzema. Atti R. Accad. Naz. Lincei, Rend., 20.
Carmignani, L., Dessau, G., and Duchi, G. (1976) I giacimenti a barite, pirite ed ossidi di ferro delle Alpi Apuane. Studio minerogenetico e strutturale. Nuove osservazioni sui giacimenti polimetallici. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital., 95: 1009-1061.
Mellini, M., Merlino, S., and Orlandi, P. (1979) Versiliaite and apuanite, two new minerals from the Apuane Alps, Italy. American Mineralogist, 64: 1230-1234.
Merlino, S. and Orlandi, P. (1983) A second occurrence of stibivanite: Buca della Vena mine (Apuan Alps), Italy. Canadian Mineralogist, 21: 159-160.
Mellini, M., Orlandi, P., and Perchiazzi, N. (1983) Derbylite from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist, 21: 513-516.
Benvenuti, M., Lattanzi, P., Tanelli, G., and Cortecci, G. (1986) The Ba-Fe-pyrite deposit of Buca della Vena, Apuane Alps, Italy. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 41: 347-358.
Orlandi, P. and Checchi, F. (1986) La miniera di Buca della Vena (LU) e i suoi minerali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 10: 49-61.
Orlandi, P. and Checchi, F. (1986) The Buca della Vena mine, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record, 17: 261-268.
Mellini, M., Orlandi, P., and Vezzalini, G. (1986) V-bearing derbylite from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 50: 328-330.
Duchi, G., Franzini, M., Giamello, M., Orlandi, P. and Riccobono, F. (1993) The iron-rich beryls of Alpi Apuane.Mineralogy, chemistry, fluid inclusion. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 5: 193-207.
Orlandi, P. (1994) Two new mineral phases from Piedmont and Tuscany, Italy. Congr. Internaz. IMA, Pisa, 1994: 311.
Dini, A. and Orlandi, P. (1995) Coloradoite (HgTe), from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., Serie A, 102: 47-50.
Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Duchi, G. and Olmi, F. (1997) Dessauite, (Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20 O38, a new mineral of the crichtonite group from Buca della Vena mine, Tuscany, Italy. American Mineralogist, 82: 807-811.
Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Meerschaut, A., and Palvadeau, P. (1999) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). I. Scainiite, Pb14 Sb30 S54 O5, the first Pb-Sb oxy-sulfosalt, from Buca della Vena mine. European Journal of Mineralogy, 11: 949-954.
Orlandi, P. (2003) Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 27 (4): 224-229.
Orlandi, P. and Dini, A. (2004) Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Meerschaut, A., Palvadeau, P., and Léone, P. (2004) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). VI. Pellouxite, ~ (Cu,Ag)2Pb21Sb23S55ClO, a new oxy-chloro-sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16: 839-844.
Orlandi, P., Meerschaut, A., Moëlo, Y., Palvadeau, P., and Léone, P. (2005) Lead–antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). VIII. Rouxelite, Cu2HgPb22Sb28S64(O,S)2, a new sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps: definition and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 43: 919-933.
Orlandi, P. and Pasero, M. (2006) Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44: 63-68.
Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Campostrini, I., and Meerschaut, A. (2007) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). IX. Marrucciite, Hg3Pb16Sb18S46, a new sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps: Definition and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 267-279.
Biagioni, C. (2009) Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Orlandi, P. and Biagioni, C. (2010) Minerali mercuriferi delle Alpi Apuane e dei Monti Pisani. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2010, 36-40.
Biagioni, C. and Orlandi, P. (2009) Tiemannite e metacinabro della miniera Buca della Vena (Alpi Apuane). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 114, 13-17.
Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., and Biagioni, C. (2010) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). X. Dadsonite from the Buca della Vena mine and Bi-rich izoklakeite from the Seravezza marble quarries. Periodico di Mineralogia, 79, 113-121.
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Nestola, F., and Bianchin, S. (2013) Oxycalcioroméite, Ca2Sb2O6O, from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy: a new member of the pyrochlore supergroup. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3027-3037.
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Nestola, F., and Bindi, L. (2014) Mapiquiroite, (Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38, a new member of the crichtonite group from the Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26, 427-437.

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