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Volborthite

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About VolborthiteHide

Formula:
Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Colour:
Olive-green, yellow-green; green to yellow-green in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Waxy, Greasy, Pearly
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.5 - 3.8
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in honor of Alexander Fedorovich von Volborth (Александра Федоровича фон Фольборта) (1800, Mogilev, Russian Empire - 1876, St. Petersburg, Russian Empire), paleontologist, who first noted the mineral. At least ten fossil species are also named after him.
A secondary mineral found in the oxidized zones of vanadium-bearing hydrothermal deposits.

At least two different monoclinic space-group variants (C2/m, C2/c) seem to be stable at ambient temperature.

Visually similar to vésigniéite.
Structurally related to engelhauptite.


Classification of VolborthiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.FD.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
F : Polyphosphates, Polyarsenates, [4]-Polyvanadates
D : Polyphosphates, etc., with OH and H2O
40.3.10.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
3 : A3(XO4)2·xH2O
21.1.12

21 : Vanadates (and vanadates with arsenate or phosphate)
1 : Vanadates of the alkalis and Cu

Pronounciation of VolborthiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of VolborthiteHide

Vitreous, Waxy, Greasy, Pearly
Transparency:
Translucent
Comment:
Lustre pearly on the cleavage surfaces.
Colour:
Olive-green, yellow-green; green to yellow-green in transmitted light.
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
One perfect.
Density:
3.5 - 3.8 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.52 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of VolborthiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nα = 1.793 nβ = 1.801 nγ = 1.816
2V:
Measured: 63° to 83°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.023
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v or r < v
Pleochroism:
Weak

Chemical Properties of VolborthiteHide

Formula:
Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
Cu3V2O7(OH)2 · 2H2O

Crystallography of VolborthiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Setting:
C1 2/m 1
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.610(2) Å, b = 5.866(1) Å, c = 7.208(1) Å
β = 95.04(2)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.809 : 1 : 1.229
Unit Cell V:
446.88 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Pseudohexagonal. Scaly, fibrous or spongy crusts and rosette-like aggregates; also reticulated. Scales may have a triangular or hexagonal outline.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.16 Å(10)
4.103 Å(5)
3.090 Å(5)
2.998 Å(5)
2.643 Å(7)
2.571 Å(7)
2.389 Å(7)

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Oxidized zones of vanadium-bearing hydrothermal deposits.

Type Occurrence of VolborthiteHide

Synonyms of VolborthiteHide

Other Language Names for VolborthiteHide

Varieties of VolborthiteHide

Barian VolborthiteA barium-bearing variety of volborthite.

Relationship of Volborthite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
KarpenkoiteCo3(V2O7)(OH)2·2H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
MartyiteZn3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2OTrig. 3m : P3m1

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
20 photos of Volborthite associated with TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
17 photos of Volborthite associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
8 photos of Volborthite associated with ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
7 photos of Volborthite associated with VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
6 photos of Volborthite associated with BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
5 photos of Volborthite associated with SulvaniteCu3VS4
5 photos of Volborthite associated with CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
4 photos of Volborthite associated with QuartzSiO2
4 photos of Volborthite associated with Ankinovichite(Ni,Zn)Al4(V5+O3)2(OH)12 · 2.5H2O
3 photos of Volborthite associated with Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.FD.05MartyiteZn3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2OTrig. 3m : P3m1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

40.3.10.2MartyiteZn3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2OTrig. 3m : P3m1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

21.1.1MetamuniriteNaVO3Orth.
21.1.2MuniriteNaVO3 · 1.9H2OMon.
21.1.3Barnesite(Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
21.1.4Bannermanite(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15Mon. 2/m : B2/m
21.1.5HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3Tric. 1 : P1
21.1.6HuemuliteNa4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2OTric.
21.1.7Blossiteα-Cu2(V2O7)Orth. mm2 : Fdd2
21.1.8Ziesiteβ-Cu2(V2O7)Mon.
21.1.9StoiberiteCu5(VO4)2O2Mon.
21.1.10McbirneyiteCu3(VO4)2Tric. 1 : P1
21.1.11FingeriteCu11(VO4)6O2Tric. 1 : P1
21.1.13TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
21.1.14VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
21.1.15LyonsiteCu3Fe4(VO4)6Orth.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for VolborthiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hess, H., Volborth, A. (1838) Ueber (das Volborthit), ein neues Vanadhaltiges Mineral. Bulletin Scientifique publié par L'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg: 4: 21-23.
Hess (1838) Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 14: 52.
Planer (1849) Archiv für wissenschaftliche Kunde: 8: 135 (as Knauffite).
Genth, F.A. (1877) On some tellurium and vanadium minerals. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society: 17: 113-123.
Hillebrand, W.F., Merwin, H.E. (1913) Two varieties of calciovolborthite (?) from eastern Utah. American Journal of Science: 35(208): 441-445. (on material called Calciovolborthite = Tangeite)
Fersman, A.E. (1925) Otkrytie novykh mineralov - tangeita i uzbekite (Discovery of new minerals - tangeite and uzbekite). Pirroda, Leningrad: (7-9): 238-239. (as uzbekite)
Kurbatov, I.D. (1926) Uber vanadiumverbindungen und das neue mineral "usbekite" der radioaktiven lager in Ferghana (Vanadium compounds and the new mineral uzbekite from the radioactive deposit in Fergana). Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: Abt. A: 345-353. (as Uzbekite)
Kurbatov, I.D., Ignatova, L.I. (1926) O novom minerlae uzbekite iz Kara-Chagyra (On uzbekite, a new mineral from Kara-Chagyr). Akad Nauk SSSR Doklady, Comptes Rendus: A: 175-177.
Kurbatov, I.D., Kargin, V.A. (1927) O khimicheskom sostave odnoy raznovidnosti uzbeckita (chemical composition of a variety of uzbekite). Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S.: A: 75-80. (as α-Uzbekite and β-Uzbekite)
Mellor, J.W. (1929) A Comprehensive Treatise on Inorganic and Theoretical Chemistry. 16 volumes, London: 9: 767.
Barth and Berman (1930) Chemie der Erde, Jena: 5: 30 (as Uzbekite).
Fersman, A.E. (1930) Abhandlungen zur praktischen Geologie und Bergwirtschaftslehre: 19: 36.
Strunz, H. (1939) Mineralien der Descloizitgruppe. Konichalcit, Staszizit, Austinit, Duftit, Aräoxen, Volborthit, Pyrobelonit. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig (A): 101: 496-506.
Palache, C., Berman, H. and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 816, 818-819.
Ankinovich, E.A., Vileshina, G.L., Gekht, I.I. (1963) Volborthite from the vanadiferous shales of the Middle Cambrian of Kazakhstan. Vestnik Akademii nauk Kazakhskoĭ SSR: 5: 54-67. (in Russian, uzbekite=volborthite)
Kashaev, A.A., Bakakin, V.V. (1968) Crystal structure of volborthite Cu3(OH)2V2O7·2H2O. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 181: 967-969.
Leonardsen, E.S. and Petersen, O.V. (1974) The unit cell of volborthite. American Mineralogist 59: 372-373.
Basso, R., Palenzona, A., and Zefiro, L. (1988) Crystal structure refinement of volborthite from Scrava mine (Eastern Liguria, Italy). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1988: 385-394.
Lafontaine, M.A., Le Bail, A., and F´erey, G. (1990) Copper-containing minerals – I. Cu3V2O7(OH)2, 2H2O: the synthetic homolog of volborthite; crystal structure determination from X-ray and neutron data; structural correlations. Journal of Solid State Chemistry: 85: 220–227.
Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1991) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 76(3-4): 665-671 (671).
Pekov, I.V. (1998) Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union, 231–232. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A, Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, volume IV: arsenates, phosphates, vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, Arizona.
Green, D.I., Hubbard, N., and Ince, F. (2008) A review of the occurrences of the copper vanadate minerals volborthite and tangeite in the British Isles. Journal of the Russell Society: 11: 54-58.
Kashaev, A.A., Rozhdestvenskaya, I.V., Bannova, I.I., Sapozhnikov, A.N., and Glebova, O.D. (2008) Balance, uniformity, and asymmetry of the structure of volborthite Cu3(OH)2(V2O7).2H2O. Journal of Structural Chemistry: 49: 708-711.
Janson, O., Richter, J., Sindzingre, P., and Rosner, H. (2010) Coupled frustrated quantum spin-1/2 chains with orbital order in volborthite Cu3V2O7(OH)2(H2O)2. Phys. Rev. B: 82: 104434. [http://arxiv.org/abs/1004.2185v2]
Ishikawa, H., Yamaura, J., Okamoto, Y., Yoshida, H., Nilsen, G.J., and Hiroi, Z. (2012) A novel crystal polymorph of volborthite, Cu3V2O7(OH)2.2H2O. Acta Crystallographica: C68: i41-i44. [http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1209/1209.3162.pdf]
Yoshida, H., Yamaura, J., Isobe, M., Nilsen, G.J., and Hiroi, Z. (2012) Orbital switching in a frustrated magnet. Nature Communications: 3: 8601-8605.

Internet Links for VolborthiteHide

Localities for VolborthiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Neuquén Province
    • Añelo department
      • Los Chihuidos
Friz, C. T., Rodrigo, F. y Stipanicic, P. N. Recursos y posibilidades uraníferas en Argentina. Comisión Nacional de Enrgía Atómica. Session 2.11, pp. 42 - 54. Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    • Confluencia department
      • Plaza Huincul
PONS, Josefina M. et al. Alteration, Cu mineralization and bitumen in the Barda González prospect, Neuquén. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 501-513.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Wilderness Sanctuary; Arkaroola Station)
          • Yudnamutana District
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
        • Leigh Creek
          • Copley
Ben Grguric collection
        • Mount Lyndhurst station
Noble, RJ & Just, J, 1983 , Catalogue of South Australian minerals : 1983 , Dept. of Mines and Energy, South Australia, Adelaide.
No reference listed
          • Nichol Nob
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., 1983, Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide.; Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Ben Grguric
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Wilmington
Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 5. No. 2. 1999. 55-62
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Burra
No reference listed
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Ironstone Lagoon
Personal Collection of Mark Willoughby
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Villach-Land District
      • Nötsch im Gailtal
Brandstätter, F., Kolitsch, U., Niedermayr, G., Prasnik, H., Seemann, R. & Walter, F. (2011): 1677) Baryt, Bornit, Brochantit, Chalkopyrit, Chalkosin, Chrysokoll, Galenit, Palygorskit, Pyrobitumen, Tetraedrit und Volborthit aus dem Steinbruch „Jakomini“, nördlich Nötsch. Pp. 142-145 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2011): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LX. Carinthia II, 201./121., 135-186.
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Rauris
        • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
          • Kolm-Saigurn
A. Strasser: Die MInerale Salzburgs (1989)
Niedermayr, G. & Wittern, A. (2009): Mineralreiches Österreich - Tirol, Salzburg, Vorarlberg. Bode Verlag, Haltern, 144 pp.
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Breitenau am Hochlantsch
        • Hochlantsch
c.Auer (2014)
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Luxembourg
      • Vielsalm
        • Cahai (Cahay)
BLONDIEAU M., PUCCIO S., COMPERE P., HATERT F. (2017) - Données nouvelles sur quelques espèces minérales de Vielsalm et de Salmchâteau. Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, Vol. 86, p. 1 - 48
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Nanaimo Mining Division
      • Menzies Bay
[MinRec 15:89]; Jambor, J. L. (1960). Vanadium-bearing interlava sediment from the Campbell River area, British Columbia (Master thesis, University of British Columbia).
      • Quadra Island
INGELSON, A. (1984) Mineral occurrences in Western Canada. Mineralogical Record 15, 89-94. ; Jambor, J. L. (1960). Vanadium-bearing interlava sediment from the Campbell River area, British Columbia (Master thesis, University of British Columbia).
Chile
 
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
      • Caldera
minservice.com specimen MINS6103 - http://www.minservice.com/store/scripts/prodView.asp?idproduct=16018
Sullivan, B. (1978) Letter from Europe. Mineralogical Record. 9:2, 132-134, (at p.134).
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Příbram District
      • Vrančice
[Lapis 1995, 12, p.13-24]
J.Hyrsl (1992)
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Jičín District
Pauliš, P.: Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2000, s. 61.
      • Nová Paka
Johan, Z, Povondra, P.: Vanadium- and copper-bearing dolomite nodules from Permian sediments near Horní kalná, Czechoslovakia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie – Abhandlungen, 1987, Vol. 157, Number 3, s. 245-266.
  • Liberec Region
    • Semily District
      • Jilemnice
No reference listed
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
Mineralogical Record: 20: 287-288.
    • Lubumbashi
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1048.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
  • Lualaba
    • Kolwezi mining district
      • Kolwezi
Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
      • Mutoshi (Ruwe)
Deliens, M.L. (1989) Agardite-(y) de Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, 112, 207-213.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Savoie
      • Tignes
Guichon, F. (2017) Les minéraux des gypses du Chardonnet, Tignes, Savoie. Le Règne Minéral, 133, 29-39
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Lörrach
        • Fröhnd
Markl, G. (2017). Schwarzwald. Lagerstätten und Mineralien aus 4 Jahrhunderten. Bd.4: Südlicher Schwarzwald. Das untere und das kleine Wiesental. Ed. Krüger-Stiftung. Bode Verlag, 31020 Salzhemmendorf, 880 pp. [p. 608].
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Kolitsch, U. & Götzinger, M. (2000): Einige Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald: Eulytin, Namibit, Volborthit, Gearksutit, Spertiniit, Monazit-(La), Protasit, Sainfeldit, Cyanotrichit und Vauquelinit. Erzgräber 14, 33-47. (in German)
  • Lower Saxony
    • Göttingen
      • Bad Lauterberg
J. Gröbner: Neufunde aus den Bergbaurevieren St. Andreasberg, Bad Lauterberg und von Oberschulenberg im Harz, MINERALIEN-WELT 18 (2007), 43-51.
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Birkenfeld
      • Baumholder
Rahm, B. (2014). Algodonit: Neufund eines seltenen Kupferarsenides. Aufschluss, 65, 73-77 (in German).
http://www.mineralienfreunde-der-pfalz.de/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1637&Itemid=219
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Bell
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
      • Kruft
Leu, K. (2017): Unbekannte Fundstellen in der Eifel - der Tönchesberg bei Kruft, Mineralienwelt Vol. 28, 6, pp. 24-38
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
Lapis, 15 (5), 9-36.
      • Nickenich
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
      • Ochtendung
Blass, G., Graf , HW., Die Wannenköpfe bei Ochtendung in der Vulkaneifel und ihre Mineralien, MW 6/1999
    • Vulkaneifel
      • Daun
        • Oberstadtfeld
Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neue mineralogische Erkenntnisse und neue Funde aus Eifel …., Mineralienwelt 2/1996
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/MediaDataShow?backlink=1&lokationid=469&galerie=mineral
        • Üdersdorf
in the collection Ch.&H. Schäfer
Hentschel, G., Neufunde von Üdersdorf, Lapis, Weise Verlag, München, 09/1993
      • Hillesheim
Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (X), Mineralien-Welt 2/1994
        • Walsdorf
Hohn, G., Leu, K. (2015): Mineralien vom Goßberg bei Walsdorf, Eifel.- Lapis, 40 (Nr. 11), S. 30-36 + 54.
      • Strohn
Jürgen Greiner collection (EDS-analysed by U. Kolitsch)
  • Saxony
    • Görlitz District
      • Neißeaue
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Seltene Phosphate und Vanadate von Emmerichswalde bei Görlitz/Sachsen. Mineralien-Welt 24 (2), 40-55
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    • Gotha
      • Friedrichroda
        • Gottlob Hill
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
      • Saalfeld
        • Garnsdorf
F. Rüger, L. Senf & T. Witzke: Lapis 1995 (1), 15-26. Ullrich, B. (2018). Zur Mineralogie anthropogen induzierter Alterationsprozesse – Sekundärminerale des historischen Alaunschieferbergbaus von Saalfeld und Schmiedefeld im Thüringischen Schiefergebirge. Geologica Saxonica 64, 67-79. [http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/publikationen/geologicasaxonica/64/04_geologica-saxonica_64_ullrich.pdf]
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
    • Kazincbarcika District
      • Dédestapolcsány
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI; Balassone, G.; Petti, C.; Mondillo, N.; Panikorovskii, T.L.; de Gennaro, R.; Cappelletti, P.; Altomare, A.; Corriero, N.; Cangiano, M.; D’Orazio, L. (2019) Copper Minerals at Vesuvius Volcano (Southern Italy): A Mineralogical Review. Minerals 9, 730.
          • Torre del Greco
- Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Mariano Carati - Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana - Calderini, Bologna, 1982
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Ne
Redazionale (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia del Ferrania Club, 19 , 3-5.
M.E. Ciriotti (2005) Probed
        • Reppia
          • Monte Copello
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia
Camarda, S., Muzio, C., Passarino, G. & Sanguineti, G. (2013). Reppia, Ne, Val Graveglia, Genova. Minerali secondari di un giacimento ferroso cuprifero. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2013, 176-185.
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (4), 131
        • Statale
[MinRec 32:356]; ; Basso, R., A. Palenzona, L. Zefiro (1988) Crystal structure refinement of volborthite from Scrava mine (Eastern Liguria, Italy). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1988, 385-394, Bruno Marello collection; Marchesini M. (1999): Tronchi silicizzati: associazioni a rame, arsenico e vanadio. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 23, 2 (2/1999), 116-122.
    • La Spezia Province
      • Maissana
        • Lagorara Valley
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia
Castellaro, F., Passarino, G. (2011): I minerali di Monte Alpe. Sezione dell'antica Concessione Tre Monti (La Spezia e Genova). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana. 4/2011, 214-224.
      • Rocchetta di Vara
Bracco, R. and Balestra, C. (2014): La miniera di Monte Nero, Rocchetta Vara, La Spezia, Liguria: minerali classici e novità. Micro, 12, 1, 2-28.
    • Savona Province
      • Castelvecchio di Rocca Barbena
Antofilli, M., Borgo, E., Palenzona, A. (1985) I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. II Edizione. SAGEP Editrice, Genova, 296 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Bagni di Lucca
Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
    • Massa-Carrara Province
Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., Dalena, D., Duchi, G., and Vezzalini, G. (1980) I minerali delle geodi della formazione marmifera di Carrara. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, serie A, 87, 93-124; Orlandi, P., and Franzini, M. (1994) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Cassa di Risparmio di Carrara - Amilcare Pizzi Editore S.p.A., Milano, 109 pp.; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
        • Colonnata quarrying basin
Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., Dalena, D., Duchi, G., and Vezzalini, G. (1980) I minerali delle geodi della formazione marmifera di Carrara. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, serie A, 87, 93-124; Franzini, M., Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., and Dalena, D. (1982) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana Ed., Milano, 110 pp.; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, Pisa, 180 pp.
          • Colonnata
Orlandi, P. (2004) Carraraite, zaccagnaite, IMA 1998-033 e altre specie rinvenute nelle geodi dei marmi Apuani. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 28, 1 (1-2004), 24-27; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
        • Miseglia quarrying basin (Miseglia-Fantiscritti quarrying basin; Fantiscritti quarrying basin)
Matteo Chinellato Collection
Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
        • Torano quarrying basin
Brizzi, G. (1986) Nuovo ritrovamento di sulvanite a Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 10, 1 (1-1986), 39-41; Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.; Morino, A. (2017) I minerali nel marmo di Carrara. I minerali estetici. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 4 (4-2017), 242-253; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Camarda, S., Chinellato, M., Appiani, R., Del Chiaro, L., and Sanguineti, G. (2019) Minerals from marbles of Carrara and the Apuan Alps. LoGisma editore, Vicchio (Firenze) - Musumeci S.p.A., Quart (Aosta), 144 pp.
      • Massa
        • Casette
Orlandi, P., and Bellè, E. (2002) I minerali del marmo del bacino del Frigido, Massa. Comune della Città di Massa - Tipografia Ceccotti, Massa, 144 pp.; Orlandi, P. (2004) Carraraite, zaccagnaite, IMA 1998-033 e altre specie rinvenute nelle geodi dei marmi Apuani. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 28, 1 (1-2004), 24-27; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
Japan
 
  • Aichi Prefecture
    • Inuyama
Alfredo Petrov collection
  • Gifu Prefecture
    • Kakamigahara City (Kagamigahara City)
Matsubara, S., Saito, Y., Kato, A. (1990) Vanadium minerals in siliceous sedimentary rocks from Unuma, Gifu Prefecture, Japan, with special reference to volborthite and roscoelite. Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 85, 522-530.
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Hachijō Subprefecture
      • Aogashima
PXRD by John Attard, May 2014, on samples collected by Alfredo Petrov.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Kyzylorda Region
    • Shieli
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Turkistan Region
    • Aksumbe
V.Y. Karpenko et al.: Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 133(2):59-68 (2004); Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Batken Region
V.Y. Karpenko et al.: Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 133(2):59-68 (2004)
  • Issyk-Kul Region
Pautov L.A., Belakovskii D.I., Baimagambetov B.K. Sulvanite: revision of specimens from museum funds and litherature data, new occurrence in South-Eastern Kirgizia, - Novye dannye o mineralah, Moscow, Nauka, 1989, v.36, p.91-100.
  • Osh Region
    • Aravan District
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Santa Cruz Municipality
      • Cuitaca
Jordi Fabre
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Swakopmund
      • Namib-Naukluft National Park
Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2012). Ore mineralization in the Miedzianka area (Karkonosze-Izera Massif, the Sudetes, Poland): new information. Mineralogia Polonica, 43(3-4), 155-178.
      • Gmina Janowice Wielkie
Schneider G. 1894: Die Minerale des Riesen- und Isergebirges. Wanderer im Riesengeb. Bd 6.
Portugal
 
  • Beja
    • Barrancos
      • Barrancos
Rui Nunes collection
Russia
 
  • Khakassia
    • Sorsk
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 280.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Komi Republic
    • Pay Khoy Mountains
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Joan Rosell
  • Permskaya Oblast
    • Motovilikha District
Dana 6:839.
    • Perm'
      • Yugovskii Zavod
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 819.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Lake Onega
      • Zaonezhie peninsula
        • Velikaya Guba uran-vanadium deposit
Pavel M/ Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Revúca District
      • Sirk
Grecula,P. et al., 1995: Ložiska nerastných surovín Slovenského rudohoria. Zväz.1, Bratislava, 834 s
    • Rimavská Sobota District
Novák, F. et al. (2003): Koninckit, evansit, vashegyit a volborthit z Kocihy u Rimavské Soboty. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, roč. 11, s. 159-166.
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • El Pallars Jussà
        • La Vall Fosca
          • La Torre de Cabdella (La Torre de Capdella)
            • Castell-estaó
Joan Rosell (PLA1 ?).; Castillo-Oliver, M.; Melgarejo, J.C.; Torró, L.; Villanova-de-Benavent, C.; Campeny, M.; Díaz-Acha, Y.; Amores-Casals, S.; Xu, J.; Proenza, J.; Tauler, E. Sandstone-Hosted Uranium Deposits as a Possible Source for Critical Elements: The Eureka Mine Case, Castell-Estaó, Catalonia. Minerals 2020, 10, 34.
Switzerland
 
  • Grisons
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Ferrera Valley
        • Ausserferrera
EDXS analyses by P. Roth, November 2018; XRD analysis by N. Meisser, December 2018. In the marbles.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Just
        • Botallack
Green, D.I., Hubbard, N., and Ince, F. (2008) A review of the occurrences of the copper vanadate minerals volborthite and tangeite in the British Isles. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 54-58.
      • St Keverne
Green, D.I., Hubbard, N., and Ince, F. (2008) A review of the occurrences of the copper vanadate minerals volborthite and tangeite in the British Isles. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 54-58.
    • Devon
      • East Devon
        • Budleigh Salterton
from XRD and EPMA results - B. Smith.; Green, D.I., Hubbard, N., and Ince, F. (2008) A review of the occurrences of the copper vanadate minerals volborthite and tangeite in the British Isles. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 54-58.
    • Leicestershire
      • Charnwood
        • Shepshed
Peter Lord collection; Green, D.I., Hubbard, N., and Ince, F. (2008) A review of the occurrences of the copper vanadate minerals volborthite and tangeite in the British Isles. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 54-58.
      • Hinckley and Bosworth
        • Stanton under Bardon
          • Cliffe Hill Quarry
Hubbard, Burchard, Green (2005) A remarkable supergene mineral suite from New Cliffe Hill Quarry, Stanton Under Bardon, Leicestershire. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals 26, 31-42.; Hubbard, N., Burchmore, S., and Green, D.I. (2005) A remarkable supergene suite from New Cliffe Hill Quarry, Stanton under Bardon, Leicestershire. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 26, 42-51.; Green, D.I., Hubbard, N., and Ince, F. (2008) A review of the occurrences of the copper vanadate minerals volborthite and tangeite in the British Isles. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 54-58.
      • Leicester
King, R.J. and Dixon, J.A. (1971) A New Occurrence of Vanadium Minerals in Leicestershire. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 38, n° 296, 488-492.; Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177. Green, D.I., Hubbard, N., and Ince, F. (2008) A review of the occurrences of the copper vanadate minerals volborthite and tangeite in the British Isles. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 54-58.
King, R.J. and Dixon, J.A. (1971) A New Occurrence of Vanadium Minerals in Leicestershire. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 38, n° 296, 488-492.; Green, D.I., Hubbard, N., and Ince, F. (2008) A review of the occurrences of the copper vanadate minerals volborthite and tangeite in the British Isles. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 54-58.
      • North West Leicestershire
        • Bardon
Specimen L1436 in the Leicester University collection.; Ince, F. (2007) The mineralogy of Bardon Hill Quarry, Coalville, Leicestershire. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 10, 27-39.; Green, D.I., Hubbard, N., and Ince, F. (2008) A review of the occurrences of the copper vanadate minerals volborthite and tangeite in the British Isles. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 54-58.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Apache County
      • Cane Valley Mining District
        • Yazzie Mesa
          • Monument No. 2 channel
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 415.
      • Carrizo Range
        • Black Rock Point Mining District
          • Black Rock Point
Scarborough, Robert B. (1981), Radioactive occurrences and uranium production in Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology Report for U.S. Department of Energy (Atomic Energy Commission), GJBX-143. RME-2071: 118.; Chenoweth, W.L., (2014) The Geology and Production History of the Black Rock Point Nos. 1 and 3 Uranium-Vanadium Mines, Apache County, Arizona. Arizona Geological Survey Contributed Report, CR-14-B, 12 p.
      • Dinnehotso
        • Garnet Ridge
Chenoweth, William L. (1991) The Geology and Production History of the Bluestone No.1 Uranium· Vanadium Mine, Garnet Ridge, Apache County, Arizona, with Notes on the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission's Drilling Project. Arizona Geological Survey Contributed Report 91-B
    • Coconino County
      • Prospect Canyon Mining District
Testing at University of Arizona. Most specimens labelled Tangeite are actually Volborthite.
    • Gila Co.
      • Globe-Miami Mining District
        • Globe Hills Mining District
          • Globe Hills
            • Globe
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 415.
    • Navajo Co.
      • Mineral Mining District
        • Mystery Valley
          • Monument No. 1 channel (Channel No. 36)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 415; Witkind, Irving J. & Thaden (1963), USGS Bull. 1103, Geology & Uranium-Vanadium Deposits of the Monument Valley Area Apache and Navajo Counties, Arizona: 68, 135.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 405; Witkind, I.J. (1961), The uranium-vanadium ore deposit at the Monument No. 1-Mitten No. 2 mine, Monument Valley, Navajo Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 1107-C: 219-242; Holland, H.D., et al (1958), The use of leachable uranium in geochemical prospecting on the Colorado Plateau-II, The distribution of leachable uranium in surface samples in the vicinity of ore bodies, Econ.Geol.: 53: 190-209.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Kearsarge Mining District [2]
          • Kearsarge
Paul M. Adams (2003) Unusual vanadium minerals from the Green Monster Mine, Inyo County, California. Mineral News, 19, #8.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Panoche
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 322-323; www.mineralsocal.org
  • Colorado
    • Costilla Co.
      • McCarty Park Area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Custer Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Huerfano Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
      • La Veta Pass Area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • La Plata Co.
      • La Plata Mining District (California Mining District)
        • La Plata
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Moffat Co.
      • Skull Creek Mining District (Blue Mountain Mining District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Beroni, Ernest Pete; McKeown, Francis Alexander (1952) Reconnaissance for uraniferous rocks in northwestern Colorado, southwestern Wyoming, and northeastern Utah. USGS Trace Elements Investigations 308A
    • Montrose Co.
      • Uravan Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Park Co.
      • Garo Area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • San Miguel Co.
      • Bull Pen Canyon
Rocks & Minerals 80:5 pp358-359
      • Klondike Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • Slick Rock Mining District
Travis Olds collection; Kampf, A. R., Plášil, J., Nash, B. P., & Marty, J. (2019). Ammoniomathesiusite, a new uranyl sulfate–vanadate mineral from the Burro mine, San Miguel County, Colorado, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 83(1), 115-121.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel; Shawe, D.R., (2011), Uranium-vanadium deposits of the Slick Rock district, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 576-F, 80 p., 20 plates.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
      • Uravan Mining District
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
  • Idaho
    • Adams Co.
      • Seven Devils Mining District
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    • Lemhi Co.
      • Junction Mining District (Little Eightmile Mining District)
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Michigan
    • Baraga Co.
      • Huron River
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Keweenaw Co.
      • Copper Harbor
Carlson, S.M., Olds, T.A., Rascona, J., Smith, A.E. (2014) A new locality for volborthite from the Manganese Mine, Copper Harbor, Michigan. Mineral News, 30, #2, 1ff.
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Eureka Co.
      • Carlin Trend
        • Maggie Creek Mining Subdistrict
MinRec 26(5):449-469.
      • Gibellini Mining District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lynn Mining District
        • Elko
Mineralogical Record 26:467
    • Lyon Co.
      • Singatse Range
        • Yerington Mining District
          • Ludwig
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Mora Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Taos Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • Oregon
    • Klamath Co.
Micro Probe Vol. 10 No. 6
Barton, I., Barton, M. D., & Thorson, J. (2018) Characteristics of Cu and UV Deposits in the Paradox Basin (Colorado Plateau) and Associated Alteration. Guidebook series, 59.
  • Utah
    • Daggett Co.
      • Red Creek (Browns Park)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; USGS: Geological Survey Circular 312
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael Mining District (San Rafael Swell)
        • Delta
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp263-279
    • Grand Co.
      • Polar Mesa Mining District
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 819; UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • Tintic Mining District
        • Mammoth
SEM EDAX verified by Excalibur minerals. Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
          • Mammoth Peak
Collected by and in the collection of Alex Earl
Collected by and in the collection of Alex Earl
    • San Juan Co.
      • Elk Ridge
Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp195-201
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp263-279
    • Utah Co.
      • Thorpe Hills
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Dolanski, J. (1974) Sulvanite from Thorpe Hills, Utah. American Mineralogist 59:307-313.
    • Washington Co.
      • Leeds
Carl L. Ege (2005) Selected Mining Districts of Utah. Utah Geological Survey Miscellaneous Publication 05-5
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Uzbekistan
 
  • Navoiy
    • Uchkuduk area
not refered listen
http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/volborthite.pdf
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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