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Parapierrotite

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About ParapierrotiteHide

08092160014946713887546.jpg
Roland Pierrot (1930-1998)
Formula:
TlSb5S8
Some Sb may be replaced by As (note that pierrotite has a much higher As content).
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Specific Gravity:
5.07
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named for close relation to pierrotite, which was named after Roland Pierrot (1930-1998).
Dimorph of:
Prismatic crystals, also laths and grains.


Classification of ParapierrotiteHide

Approved
2.HC.05f

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
C : With only Pb
3.8.14.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
8 : 1 < ø < 2
5.5.18

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
5 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Tl

Physical Properties of ParapierrotiteHide

Sub-Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black
Hardness:
2½ - 3 on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=76 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good basal cleavage (or parting?), and possible poorer cleavage in other directions (see: http://www.mindat.org/photo-340631.html and other photos). The original description incorrectly says that no cleavage was observed.
Density:
5.07 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.04 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ParapierrotiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Reflectivity:
nmR= = 29.1 - 39.7 (540 nm%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 0%.

Chemical Properties of ParapierrotiteHide

Formula:
TlSb5S8

Some Sb may be replaced by As (note that pierrotite has a much higher As content).

Crystallography of ParapierrotiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
m - Domatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.098(5) Å, b = 19.415(12) Å, c = 9.059(6) Å
β = 91.96(8)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.417 : 1 : 0.467
Unit Cell V:
1,423.45 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Prismatic crystals to 3 mm
Twinning:
None observed.
Comment:
Space group Pn. (Originally assumed to have P21/n.)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.15 Å(90)
3.93 Å(60)
3.70 Å(90)
3.60 Å(70)
3.49 Å(100)
2.91 Å(90)
2.83 Å(100)
2.36 Å(90)
Comments:
ICDD 29-1330

Type Occurrence of ParapierrotiteHide

Synonyms of ParapierrotiteHide

Other Language Names for ParapierrotiteHide

Relationship of Parapierrotite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
ArgentodufrénoysiteAg3Pb26As35S80Tric. 1 : P1
ArgentoliveingiteAgxPb40-2xAs48+xS112Tric. 1 : P1
BarikaiteAg3Pb10(Sb8As11)S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
BaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
BernarlottiitePb6(As5Sb3)S18Tric. 1 : P1
BoscardiniteTlPb4(Sb7As2)S18Tric. 1 : P1
Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
DekatriasartoriteTlPb58As97S204Mon. 2/m : P21/b
DufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
ÉcrinsiteAgTl3Pb4As11Sb9S36Tric. 1 : P1
EnneasartoriteTl6Pb32As70S140Mon. 2/m : P21/b
GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
HendekasartoriteTl2Pb48As82S172Mon. 2/m : P21/b
HeptasartoriteTl7Pb22As55S108Mon. 2/m : P21/b
HyršlitePb8As10Sb6S32Mon. 2 : P21
IncomsartoriteTl6Pb144As246S516Mon. 2/m
LiveingitePb9As13S28Mon.
PhilrothiteTlAs3S5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
PierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
PolloneiteAgPb46As26Sb23S120Mon. 2 : P21
RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
SartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
VeenitePb16Sb9-xAs7+xS40, x ~ 0-0.5Mon. 2 : P21

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
23 photos of Parapierrotite associated with Chert
7 photos of Parapierrotite associated with ArseniosideriteCa2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
7 photos of Parapierrotite associated with TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
6 photos of Parapierrotite associated with WeissbergiteTlSbS2
5 photos of Parapierrotite associated with QuartzSiO2
5 photos of Parapierrotite associated with KermesiteSb2S2O
5 photos of Parapierrotite associated with HematiteFe2O3
5 photos of Parapierrotite associated with MarcasiteFeS2
4 photos of Parapierrotite associated with ChalcedonySiO2
3 photos of Parapierrotite associated with RealgarAs4S4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HC.05bArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05bBaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05eChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05dDufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05aGuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.05cLiveingitePb9As13S28Mon.
2.HC.05fPierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
2.HC.05dRathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.05aSartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HC.05aTwinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
2.HC.05dVeenitePb16Sb9-xAs7+xS40, x ~ 0-0.5Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05gMarumoitePb32As40S92Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05eDalnegroite(Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.10aFülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.10cHeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.10bPlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
2.HC.10dRayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
2.HC.10dSemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.15FalkmanitePb3Sb2S6Mon.
2.HC.20RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HC.25MoëloitePb6Sb6S14(S3)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 2
2.HC.30DadsonitePb23Sb25S60ClTric. 1 : P1
2.HC.35OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.35ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
2.HC.40ParasterryiteAg4Pb20Sb14As10S58Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.8.14.2BernarditeTlAs5S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.5.1LoránditeTlAsS2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.2EllisiteTl3AsS3Trig. 3m : R3m
5.5.3ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26Mon. 2/m
5.5.4SimoniteTlHgAs3S6Mon. 2/m
5.5.6ChristiteTlHgAsS3Mon. 2/m
5.5.6RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
5.5.7HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
5.5.8Wallisite(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs2S5Tric.
5.5.9BernarditeTlAs5S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.10VrbaiteHg3Tl4As8Sb2S20Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
5.5.11RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.12GillulyiteTl2As7.5Sb0.3S13Mon. 2/m
5.5.13WeissbergiteTlSbS2Tric. 1 : P1
5.5.14Rohaite(Tl,Pb,K)2Cu8.7Sb2S4Orth.
5.5.15VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7Tric.
5.5.16ChalcothalliteTl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
5.5.17PierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
5.5.19CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10Mon.
5.5.20ChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34Tric. 1 : P1

Fluorescence of ParapierrotiteHide

Not fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
Contains thallium - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest.

References for ParapierrotiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mantienne, J. (1974): La minéralisation thallifère de Jas Roux. PhD thesis, Université de Paris, 203 p. [as "clinopierrotite"]
John, Z., Picot, P., Hak, J., Kvaček, M. (1975): La parapierrotite, un nouveau minéral thallifère d'Allchar (Yougoslavie). Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 22, 200-210.
American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 504 (abs.)
P&J 287
Engel, P. (1980): Die Kristallstruktur von synthetischem Parapierrotit, TlSb5S8. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 151, 203-216.
Plášil, J., Kasatkin, A. V., Škoda, R., Stepanov, S. Yu. (2018): Parapierrotite from the Vorontsovskoe gold deposit, Northern Urals, Russia: crystal structure and chemical composition. Zapiski RMO 141, 68-77.

Internet Links for ParapierrotiteHide

Localities for ParapierrotiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
M. Bonnemaison, J. Delair, F. Tollon, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 81-84.
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar (La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Johan, Z. & Mantienne, J. (2000): Thallium-rich mineralization at Jas Roux, Hautes-Alpes, France: a complex epithermal, sediment-hosted, ore-forming system. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 63-77.
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Stazzema
        • Sant'Anna di Stazzema
Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., and Zaccarini, F. (2017) Ferdowsiite from the Monte Arsiccio mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 124, 5-11.
North Macedonia (TL)
 
  • Kavadarci Municipality
    • Rožden (Rozhden; Roszdan)
Tschermaks Min. Petr. (1975) 22, 200-210; Rieck, B. (1993) - Famous mineral localities: Allchar, Macedonia, Mineralogical Record, 24 (6), 437-449; Percival, T.J. & Radtke, A.S. (1994): Sedimentary-rock-hosted disseminated gold mineralization in the Alšar district, Macedonia. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 649-655.; Boevl, B., Bermanec, V., Serafimovski, T., Lepitkoval, S., & Mikulcic, S. (2001). Allchar Mineral Assemblage. Geologica Macedonica, Vol. 15-16, p. 1-23 (2001-2002) Suppl
Gunnar Färber specimens
Russia
 
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Serovsky District
      • Turinsk-Auerbakovsk ore field
        • Turya river
          • Tur'insk
Plášil, J., Kasatkin, A. V., Škoda, R., Stepanov, S. Yu. (2018): Parapierrotite from the Vorontsovskoe gold deposit, Northern Urals, Russia: crystal structure and chemical composition. Zapiski RMO 141, 68-77.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Binn
        • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
http://fglb.clubdesk.ch/clubdesk/www; Raber, T. (2016): Parapierrotit. Schweizer Strahler 50 (1), 24-25.
USA
 
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Sheeprock Mountains
        • Blue Bell Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Little Valley
King, N. R. (2014, October). THE MINERAL ASSEMBLAGE FROM LOOKOUT PASS AREA, SHEEPROCK MOUNTAINS, TOOELE CO., UTAH. In 2014 GSA Annual Meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia.
 
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