SUPPORT US. If is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography


This page kindly sponsored by Dragon Minerals
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About CalciteHide

White, Yellow, Red, Orange, Blue, Green, Brown, Gray etc.
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Pearly
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Member of:
Ancient name. Named as a mineral by Gaius Plinius Secundus (Pliny the elder) in 79 from Calx, Latin for Lime.
Polymorph of:
Calcite Group. Calcite-Rhodochrosite Series.

A very common and widespread mineral with highly variable forms and colours. Calcite is best recognized by its relatively low Mohs hardness (3) and its high reactivity with even weak acids, such as vinegar, plus its prominent rhombohedral cleavage in most varieties.

NOTE on the unit cell and the Miller indices: Before the advent of X-ray crystallography, the axial ratios were determined by measuring the interfacial angles and looking for the smallest numbers that fitted, assuming that the largest faces were the lowest order. Remarkably the classical crystallographers usually got it right, confirmed by indexing the X-ray diffraction patterns. However, for calcite and the calcite group they got it wrong. The old morphological calcite cell had c/a = 0.8543. The structural cell has c four times as large as would have been calculated for the morphological cell, now c/a = 3.419 (Maslen et al. 1993). Most of the Miller indices here are from ancient times and the c value should, therefore, be multiplied by 4. E.g. the rhombohedral cleavage is given as "Perfect on {1011}" in the old setting and should be "Perfect on {1014}" in the correct structural setting.

An important biomineral. As such, it forms from metastable vaterite via dissolution-reprecipitation process, preceded by vaterite formation via dissolution of its precursor, that is Unnamed (Amorphous Calcium Carbonate) (Bots et al., 2012; Sugiura et al., 2016). Calcite biomineralization may be induced by bacteria. A very recent review on fungal calcite biomineralization is given by Bindschedler et al. (2016).

Visit for gemological information about Calcite.

Classification of CalciteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
B : Alkali-earth (and other M2+) carbonates
Dana 7th ed.:

1 : A(XO3)

11 : Carbonates
4 : Carbonates of Ca

Physical Properties of CalciteHide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Pearly
Transparent, Translucent
Pearly on cleavage and {0001}. Can be dull or earthy in chalk variety.
White, Yellow, Red, Orange, Blue, Green, Brown, Gray etc.
Hardness Data:
Mohs hardness reference species
Perfect on {1011}.
Readily along twin lamellae {0112} and {0001}.
2.7102(2) g/cm3 (Measured)    2.711 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CalciteHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.640 - 1.660 nε = 1.486
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.154 - 0.174
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Optical Extinction:
Symmetrical to cleavage traces.

Chemical Properties of CalciteHide

IMA Formula:
CAS Registry number:

CAS Registry numbers are published by the American Chemical Society
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of CalciteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.9896(2) Å, c = 17.061(11) Å
a:c = 1 : 3.419
Unit Cell V:
367.85 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Over 800 different forms have been described. Most commonly as acute rhombohedrons or prismatic with scalenohedral terminations, or combinations of the two.
At least four twin laws have been described, the most common being when the twin plane and the composition plane are {0112}. Also common with twinning on {0001} with {0001} as the compositional surface, producing re-entrant angles. Uncommon with {1011} or {0221} as twin planes, producing somewhat heart-shaped crystals ("butterfly" twins).

Crystallographic forms of CalciteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Calcite no.1 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.3 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.4 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.5 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.6 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.7 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.8 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.9 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.10 - Goldschmidt (1913)
{021}, {101}
Calcite no.11 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.12 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.13 - Goldschmidt (1913)
{100}, {101}
Calcite no.14 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.15 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.16 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.17 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.18 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.19 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.20 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.21 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.22 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.23 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.24 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.25 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.26 - Goldschmidt (1913)
{401}, {211}
Calcite no.27 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.28 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.29 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.30 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.31 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.32 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.33 - Goldschmidt (1913)
{100}, {331}, {001}
Calcite no.34 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.35 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.36 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.37 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.38 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.39 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.40 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.41 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.42 - Goldschmidt (1913)
{401}, modified
Calcite no.43 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.44 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.45 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.46 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.47 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.48 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.49 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.50 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.51 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.52 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.53 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.54 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.55 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.56 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.57 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.58 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.59 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.60 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.61 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.62 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.63 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.64 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.65 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.66 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.67 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.68 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.69 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.70 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.71 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.72 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.73 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.74 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.75 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.76 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.77 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.78 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.79 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.80 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.81 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.82 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.83 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.84 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.85 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.86 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Contact twin on {001}
Calcite no.87 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.88 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.89 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.90 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.91 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.92 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.93 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.94 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.95 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.96 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.97 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.98 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.99 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.100 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.101 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.102 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.103 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.104 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.105 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.106 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.107 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.108 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.109 - Goldschmidt (1913)
{100}, {101}, {045}
Calcite no.110 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.111 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.112 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.113 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.114 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.115 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.116 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.117 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.118 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.119 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.120 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.121 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.122 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.123 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.132 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Calcite no.162 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Calcite no.1708 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.1709 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.1710 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.1711 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.1712 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.1713 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.1714 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.1715 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.1716 - Goldschmidt (1913)
{021}, modified
Calcite no.1717 - Goldschmidt (1913)
{401}, modified
Calcite no.1718 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.1719 - Goldschmidt (1913)
Calcite no.1720 - Goldschmidt (1913)
{021}, {100}, modified
Calcite no.1721 - Goldschmidt (1913)
{101}, modified
Calcite no.1722 - Goldschmidt (1913)
{101}, modified
Calcite no.1723 - Goldschmidt (1913)
{532}, modified
Calcite no.1724 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Calcite no.2032 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Calcite no.2179 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Calcite no.2266 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Calcite no.2323 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Calcite no.2326 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Calcite no.2342 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Calcite no.2403 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Calcite no.2467 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Calcite no.2481 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Calcite - Contact twin on {012}
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by

Edge Lines | Miller Indices | Axes

Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Epitaxial Relationships of CalciteHide

Epitaxial Minerals:
Epitaxy Comments:
Often noted overgrowing crystals of other members of the calcite group and of dolomite with the crystal axes oriented in parallel position. Calcite is similarly noted overgrown by these species. Noted in oriented position on quartz, with calcite {0112} parallel to quartz {1011}

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
2.845 Å(3)
2.095 Å(18)
1.927 Å(5)
ICDD 5-586 (synthetic), ICDD 24-27, ICDD 2-714 (manganoan)

Synonyms of CalciteHide

Other Language Names for CalciteHide

Simplified Chinese:方解石

Varieties of CalciteHide

Angels Wing CalciteA variety of calcite determined by the crystal shape and color, i.e., large, very thin, tabular white crystals, purportedly resembling angels' wings. The crystals are usually thicker at the base and colourless within the interior of the thicker areas. Com...
BaricalciteName for a barian variety of Calcite.
BarleycornA variety of calcite consisting of pseudomorphs, possibly of gaylussite.
BruyeriteA black concretionary calcite.
Calcite Satin SparThe original name Satin Spar referred to a variety of Calcite. Currently 'Satin Spar' is often used to refer to a variety of Gypsum (See Satin Spar Gypsum, so to avoid confusion the original Calcite variety material is listed on this website as Satin Spar...
Cobaltoan CalciteA variety of calcite containing Co2+ replacing Ca.
Crazy CalciteA locally applied name in the Franklin, NJ, area for massive calcite that fluoresces two shades and intensities of red under SW UV. The disparity in fluorescence is due to isolated blebs of calcite and a more dolomitic material, both bearing manganese, bu...
Dog-tooth SparA variety of calcite consisting of scalenohedral crystals resembling a dog's canine teeth.
Dolomitic CalciteA variety of calcite containing small amounts of Mg in substitution for Ca (see also Mg-rich calcite). Maximum solubility of Mg in calcite appears to be small. The so-called magnesian limestones and magnesian marbles are mechanical mixtures of calcite and...
Ferroan Calcite
Fetid CalciteA variety of calcite that emits an offensive odor when dissolved in dilute hydrochloric acid. The odor is due to trace sulfides and other impurities.
GennoishiJapanese name for pseudomorphs of calcite after ikaite.
GlendoniteName for a calcite pseudomorph after ikaite.
HematoconiteA blood-red calcite coloured by inclusions of Hematite
Iceland SparAn optically clear form of calcite, originally from Iceland, but may occur anywhere.
Originally reported from Helgustadir Mine, Eskifjord, Iceland.
KanonenspatMorphological variety showing a short prismatic habit with the hexagonal prism and either the basal pinacoid or flat rhombohedral faces.
Literally "cannon spar".
Kolloid-calciteA collodial variety of Calcite
Limestone OnyxA variety of banded calcite of stalagmitic origin showing patterns similar to onyx. Often cut and used as a decorative stone.
LubliniteAn efflorescent form of calcite - soft, with a fibrous consistence, and usually moist.
Manganoan CalciteA calcite rich in manganese.
Compare also kutnohorite (with ordered Ca/Mn and a Ca:Mn ratio of ideally 1:1).
Mexican JadeAn artificially dyed green calcite.
Mg-rich CalciteA magnesium-rich variety of calcite. Not to be confused with Magnesio-Calcite.
Nailhead SparA variety of calcite determined by a flat pyramidal termination of the prismatic crystals, resembling a nailhead.
Nickeloan Calcite
Plumboan CalciteA lead-bearing variety of calcite. Species from Polish Cu-bearing Zechstein deposits contains up to 4.60 wt.% PbO (Piestrzyński et al., 1996).
Poker Chip CalciteA variety of calcite determined by the crystal shape, i.e., flat rhomboids resembling a poker chip. The individual crystals are often "stacked" upon each other, somewhat resembling a stack of poker chips as well. Common habit for calcite from Charcas, Mex...
PrasochromeA variety of Calcite rich in chromium oxide, found as an alteration product coating Chromite.
PrunneriteA violet calcite resembling chalcedony
PseudogaylussiteCalcite pseudomorphs after gaylussite.
Roepperite (of Kenngott)
Sand-CalciteA variety of calcite with the crystals grown with sand inclusions.
Slate SparA lamellar variety of calcite.
StinkkalkA variety of calcite distinguished by a foul odor emitted upon fracturing by inclusions of H2S.
Strontian CalciteA strontian calcite.
TartuffiteA fibrous variety of calcite which, when struck, emits an odour like that of truffles.
UsoliteA casual name given to a small number of calcite crystals showing second generations rhombs growing up the edges and terminating a first generation scalenohedron.
Zincian CalciteA zinc-rich variety of Calcite
fibrous calciteTranslucent calcite composed of fibrous crystals, which, like fibrous gypsum, with which it is often confused, causes a silky sheen. When cut cabochon, it produces a girasol or chatoyant effect, but not a true cat's-eye. Also like fibrous gypsum, it is ca...

Relationship of Calcite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
MagnesiteMgCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
OtaviteCdCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
RhodochrositeMnCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
SideriteFeCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
SmithsoniteZnCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
SpherocobaltiteCoCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
7,530 photos of Calcite associated with QuartzSiO2
4,441 photos of Calcite associated with PyriteFeS2
3,868 photos of Calcite associated with FluoriteCaF2
2,924 photos of Calcite associated with SphaleriteZnS
2,462 photos of Calcite associated with DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
1,879 photos of Calcite associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
1,728 photos of Calcite associated with BaryteBaSO4
1,607 photos of Calcite associated with SideriteFeCO3
1,537 photos of Calcite associated with GalenaPbS
1,213 photos of Calcite associated with HematiteFe2O3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.AB.05MagnesiteMgCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05OtaviteCdCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
5.AB.05RhodochrositeMnCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05SideriteFeCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05SmithsoniteZnCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05SpherocobaltiteCoCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.10AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.10DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.10KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.10MinrecorditeCaZn(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.15AragoniteCaCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.AB.15CerussitePbCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.AB.15StrontianiteSrCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.AB.15WitheriteBaCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.AB.20VateriteCaCO3Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.AB.25HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
5.AB.30NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
5.AB.40OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2Trig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
5.AB.45BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.AB.50Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2Orth. mm2
5.AB.55BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.60JuangodoyiteNa2Cu(CO3)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 3m (3 2/m) : R3c 3m (3 2/m) : R3c 3m (3 2/m) : R3c 3m (3 2/m) : R3c 3m (3 2/m) : R3c 3m (3 2/m)éiteNi(CO3)Hex.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.4.2AragoniteCaCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.4.3VateriteCaCO3Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
11.4.4MonohydrocalciteCaCO3 · H2OTrig. 3 : P31
11.4.5IkaiteCaCO3 · 6H2OMon.
11.4.6DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
11.4.7HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4Trig. 3 2 : R3 2

Fluorescence of CalciteHide

May be fluorescent under LW UV, mid-range UV or SW UV as well as under X-rays, cathode rays and even sunlight, in a number of colors and shades, commonly an intense red under SW with Mn as an activator (such as at Franklin, New Jersey, USA, and Långban in Sweden.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Mined extensively for a wide variety of uses ranging from lime (cement) to limestone and marble building stones and aggregates, agricultural supplements and optical calcite.

Calcite in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for CalciteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Irby (1879) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 3: 610.
Rogers (1901) School of Mines Quarterly: 22: 429 (morphological summary).
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1909) Some calcite crystals with new forms: Washington Academy of Science Proceedings: 11: 1-16.
(1910) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 48: 148-157.
Whitlock (1910) New York State Museum Mem. 13.
Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text, vol. 2: 5.
Bragg (1914) Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: 89A: 246.
Johnston, J., Merwin, H.E., Williamson, E.D. (1916) Various forms of calcium carbonate. American Journal of Science 41: 473-512.
Wyckoff, R.W.G. (1920) The crystal structures of some carbonates of the calcite group. American Journal of Science: 50: 317-360.
Compton et al (1925) Physical Review, a Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics: 25: 618.
Krieger, P. (1930) Notes on an X-ray diffraction study of the series calcite-rhodochrosite. American Mineralogist 15: 23-29.
Bearden (1931) Physical Review, a Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics: 38: 1389.
Lipson, H., and Riley, D.P. (1943) Absolute X-ray wave-lengths. Nature: 151: 250.
Effenberger, H., Mereiter, K., and Zemann, J. (1981) Crystal structure refinements of magnesite, calcite, rhodochrosite, siderite, smithonite [sic], and dolomite, with discussion of some aspects of the stereochemistry of calcite type carbonates. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 156: 233-243.
Schulman, J.H., Evans, L.W, Ginter, R.J., and Murata, K.J. (1947) The sensitized luminescence of manganese-activated calcite. Journal of Applied Physics: 18: 732-739.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 142-161.
Kerr (1959) Optical Mineralogy 3rd ed. 422pp.
Goldsmith, J.R., D.L. Graf, J. Witters, and Northrop, D.A. (1962) Studies in the system CaCO3•MgCO3•FeCO3: (1) Phase relations; (2) A method for major element spectrochemical analyses; and (3) Composition of some ferroan dolomites. Journal of Geology: 70: 659-688.
Van der Veen, A.H. (1965) Calcite-dolomite intergrowths in high-temperature carbonate rocks. American Mineralogist: 50: 2070-2077.
Göbel, F. and Reinboth, F. (1972) Excentriques, eine wenig bekannte form des Calcits. Der Aufschluss, 23, 113.
Merrill, L., and Bassett, W.A. (1972) Crystal structures of the high pressure phases of calcite. EOS: 53: 1121.
Singh, A.K., and Kennedy, G.C. (1974) Compression of calcite to 40 kbar. Journal of Geophysical Research: 79: 2615-2622.
Irving, A.J., and Wyllie, P.J. (1975) Subsolidus and melting relationships for calcite, magnesite and the join CaCO3 - MgCO3 to 36 kbar. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 39: 35-53.
Merrill, L., and Bassett, W.A. (1975) The crystal structure of CaCO3 (II), a high-pressure metastable phase of calcium carbonate. Acta Crystallographica: B31: 343-349.
Komotauer, S.K. (1983) Mineralarten im Bild: Calcit, Kalkspat, CACO3. Mineralien-Magazin, 9/1983, 392-400.
Reeder, R.J., Editor (1983) Carbonates: Mineralogy and Chemistry. Reviews in Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America: 11.
Markgraf, S.A., and Reeder, R.J. (1985) High-temperature structure refinements of calcite and magnetite: American Mineralogist: 70: 590.
Brock, K. (1993) The crystal forms of Calcite. Mineralogical Record: 24: 451-470.
Maslen, E.N., Streltsov, V.R., and Streltsova, N.R. (1993) X-ray study of the electron density in calcite, CaCO3. Acta Crystallographica B: 49: 636-641.
Gaines, R.V., Catherine, H., Skinner, W., Foord, E.E., Mason, B., and Rosenzweig, A. (1997) Dana's New Mineralogy: The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, 8th. edition: 426.
Smyth, J.R., and Ahrens, T.J. (1997) The crystal structure of calcite III: Geophysical Research Letters: 25: 1595-1598.
Weise, C., publisher (1998) Calcit - extraLapis Nr.14. Christian Weise Verlag, München.
Richards, P. (1999) The Four Twin Laws of Calcite and How to Recognize Them. Rocks and Minerals: 74(5): 308-317.
Neumeier, G., and Staebler, G., publishers (2003) ExtraLapis English No. 4: Calcite, The Mineral with the Most Forms. Lapis International.
Marco Bruno, Francesco Roberto Massaro, Marco Rubbo, Mauro Prencipe, and Dino Aquilano (2010) (10.4), (01.8), (01.2), and (00.1) Twin Laws of Calcite (CaCO3): Equilibrium Geometry of the Twin Boundary Interfaces and Twinning Energy. Cryst. Growth Des., 10 (7), 3102–3109.
Bots, P., Rodriguez-Blanco, J.D., Roncal-Herrero, T., Benning, L.G., and Shaw, S. (2012) Mechanistic insights into the crystallization of amorphous calcium carbonate to vaterite. Crystal Growth and Design: 12: 3806-3814.
Skalwold, E.A., and Bassett, W.A. (2015) Double Trouble: Navigating Birefringence. Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA, 20 pages. ISBN 978-0-939950-02-7 (booklet, abstract and free download on the MSA website:
Sugiura, Y., Onuma, K., and Yamazaki, A. (2016) Growth dynamics of vaterite in relation to the physico-chemical properties of its precursor, amorphous calcium carbonate, in the Ca-CO3-PO4 system. American Mineralogist: 101: 289-296.
Bindschedler, S., Cailleau, G., and Verrecchia, E. (2016) Role of Fungi in the Biomineralization of Calcite. Minerals: 6(2): 41. [a review]
Hélisson Nascimento dos Santos, Reiner Neumann, Ciro Alexandre Ávila (2017): Mineral Quantification with Simultaneous Refinement of Ca-Mg Carbonates Non-Stoichiometry by X-ray Diffraction, Rietveld Method. Minerals 2017, 7(9), 164.

Internet Links for CalciteHide

Significant localities for CalciteHide

Showing 109 significant localities out of 30,833 recorded on

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Tucumán Province
    • Burruyacú Department
      • Sierra de La Ramada
Raúl Tauber Larry´s collection. Ruiz, D. R., Ávila, J.C. & Lazarte, J.E. : Las vetas de calcita de Farrallón Blanco, Sierra de la Ramada, Tucumán. Facultad de Ciencias Naturales e Instituo Miguel Lillo. Miguel Lillo 205. 4000. Tucumán, Argentina. doraruiz10@hotmail.com2, CONICET.
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Worner, H.K., Mitchell, R.W., eds. Birch, W.D. (et al) (1982) Minerals of Broken Hill. Australian Mining & Smelting Limited, Melbourne, 259 pages.
  • Carinthia
    • Villach-Land District
      • Bad Bleiberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Nötsch im Gailtal
        • Kreuth
H. Meixner: Der Karinthin 6: 108-120 (1949); H. Meixner (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(3), 195-209
  • Wallonia
    • Hainaut
      • Charleroi
        • Mont-sur-Marchienne
Hubert, F. (2001): La carrière de Mont-sur-Marchienne, Hainaut, Belgique: La calcite dans tous ces états, Association des Micromonteurs de Minéraux de Montigny-le-Tilleul
      • Montigny-le-Tilleul
        • Landelies
Croisez, M. (2012): La cristallographie de la Calcite a la carriere des Calcaires de la Sambre a Landelies, Hainaut, Belgique. Association des Micro-Monteurs de Mineraux de Montigny-le-Tilluil (4M ASBL), 97 pp
      • Tournai (Doornik)
        • Antoing
Mikael Gonzales collection
    • Luxembourg
      • Wellin
Neutkens, H. & Orinx, M. (2007): Neu und Schön: Calcit und fluorit aus Belgien. LAPIS 32 (2), 13-18
    • Namur
      • Namur
Les mineraux de Belgique and Geonieuws nr.2-1983; Blondieau, M., Hatert, F. et Defoy, M. (2012) - Minéralogie de la carrière de Beez, Province de Namur (Belgique). Le Règne Minéral, 104, 5-26.
  • Burgas Province
    • Sozopol
      • Rosen ore field (Rossen ore field)
Bonev, I. K., Garcia-Ruiz, J. M., Atanassova, R., Otalora, F., & Petrussenko, S. (2005). Genesis of filamentary pyrite associated with calcite crystals. European journal of mineralogy, 17(6), 905-913.
  • Nunavut
    • Qikiqtaaluk Region
      • Baffin Island
        • Nanisivik
[MinRec 21:533]
  • Ontario
    • Hastings County
      • Mayo Township
No reference listed
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Réservoir-Dozois
Age of the Cabonga nepheline syenite, Grenville Province, western Quebec Hudon, Pierre; Friedman, Richard M.; Gauthier, Gilles; Martignole, Jacques Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, vol. 43, issue 9, pp. 1237-1249 Olivier Langelier Collection
  • Hunan
    • Changde
      • Shimen Co.
        • Shimen deposit (Huangchang deposit)
Xianxiao Xiong (1999): Geology of Chemical Minerals 21(2), 76-80
DR Congo
  • Lualaba
    • Kolwezi mining district
[var: Cobaltoan Calcite] Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).;;
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Drôme
      • Beauvoisin
Yves Masson collection; ; Collection Yves Masson
    • Loire
      • Saint-Galmier
        • Bellegarde-en-Forez
Personnaly collected by M. Diot.
      • Saint-Symphorien-de-Lay
        • Regny
Gruner L. E. (1857) - Description géologique et minéralogique du département de la Loire, pp: 446-447
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Corrèze
      • Larche
suspected; Van King; Michel TREILLARD Collection
      • Uzerche
Michel TREILLARD (visual identification)
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Foix
        • Alzen
Inventaire mineralogique de l'Ariege ( Edition BRGM 1984)
  • Pays de la Loire
    • Mayenne
      • Louverné
Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
Favreau G., Meisser N., Chiappero P.J. (2004), Saint-Maime (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence): un exemple de pyrométamorphisme en région provençale, n°3, pp: 59-92
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • Saint Crépin
Self collected S. MAURY 2013
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Münster
      • Steinfurt
        • Wettringen
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Helgoland
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990 Markus Gerstmann - Collection
  • Eastern Region
[var: Iceland Spar] No reference listed
  • Connacht
    • Co. Galway
      • Renville
O’Reilly, C., Feely, M., McArdle, P., Mc Dermot, C. Geoghegan, M. & Keary, R. (1997). Mineral localities in the Galway Bay Area. Geol. Surv. Ireland. Special Report Series. RS/97/1(Mineral Resources) ISSN0790-0279, 70p. & 1:150,000 Geological and Mineral Localities Map of the Galway Bay Area.
    • Co. Sligo
      • Ballysadare
Dr Stephen Moreton
  • Munster
    • Co. Kerry
      • Castleisland
S. Moreton, unpublished observation.
    • Co. Tipperary
      • Silvermines District
Barry Flannery (Personal Collection)
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Parma Province
      • Berceto
        • Taro Valley
Ref.: Battilocchi G., (2005)- La calcite di Rio Capanne, Val di Taro, Appennino Parmense - Mineralparma, n.1, IV year, 12-14.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
[Fetid Calcite var: Tartuffite] Catullo, T.A. (1812) Man.Min. p.19
  • Zemgale Region
    • Jelgava Municipality
      • Valgunde Parish
Dmitry Vorobjov's Collection; Dmitry Vorobjov's collection
  • Coahuila
    • Melchor Múzquiz Municipality
Reiner Mielke; Schneider, S. (2004): Collecting Fluorescent Minerals. Published by Schiffer Publishing, Ltd., Atglen, PA, 2004. 192p. [photos on p. 119]
    • Ocampo Municipality
      • Boquillas Del Carmen
Schneider, S. (2004): Collecting Fluorescent Minerals. Published by Schiffer Publishing, Ltd., Atglen, PA, 2004. 192p. [photos on p. 118]
  • Puebla
    • Tepeyahualco Municipality
      • Alchichica
Kazmierczak, Jozef & Kempe, Stephan & Kremer, Barbara & Lopez-Garcia, Purificacion & Moreira, David & Tavera, Rosaluz. (2011): Hydrochemistry and microbialites of the alkaline crater lake Alchichica, Mexico. Facies 57, pp .543-570.
  • Aust-Agder
    • Arendal
      • Stokken
Aminoff, G. (1916): Calcitgrupp från Garta (Arendal). Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 38, 201-206
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
      • Konnerud
Goldschmidt, V.M. (1911): Die Kontaktmetamorphose im Kristianiagebiet . Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. 1.Mat.-Naturv. Klasse 1911. No 1. Kristiania. 483p (pp. 283-287)
    • Kongsberg
      • Overberget Mining Field
Münster, Ths. (1883) Bemærkninger om Kongsbergmineralerne. Nyt Mag. Naturv. 27, 309-322; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 90
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Brevik
        • Kjørholt
Nordrum, Fred Steinar (1993): De siste års mineralfunn i Dalen- Kjørholt gruve. STEIN 20 (2), 100-111
  • Áncash
    • Bolognesi Province
      • Huallanca District
        • Huallanca
Econ Geol (1985) 80:416-478; Imai, H. (1999): Mineralizations of base metal deposits of acid-sulfate type coexisting with adularia-sericite type. Resource Geology 49, 147-156.
  • Leiria
    • Alcobaça
      • Turquel
        • Moita do Poço
Rui Nunes' calcite collection from Portugal.
Tiago Guia collection
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Dalnegorsk Urban District
      • Dalnegorsk
[MinRec vol.32:, p 12 (20001)]; Rogulina, L.I., and Sveshnikova, O.L. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(1), 60-74.; Dobovol'skaya, M. G., Baskina, V. A., Balashova, S. P., Kenisarin, A. M., Arakelyants, M. M., Klimachev, L. A., & Muravitskaya, G. N. (1990). Order of Formation of the Ores and Mafic Dikes of the Nikolayevsk Deposit (Southern Primor'ye). International Geology Review, 32(4), 391-403.; Vasilenko, G.P. (2001) The Dalnegorsk Ore District. pp98-124 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Revúca Co.
      • Gemerská Ves
Bálintová, T. et al., 2006: Mineralogické štúdium fantómových kalcitov z Gemerskej Vsi. Miner. Slov., 38, 2, 124-130.
South Africa
  • Mpumalanga
    • Gert Sibande District
PMPB Meulenbeld collection
  • Asturias
    • Siero
      • La Collada mining area
        • Coroña de Arriba-La Collada
Calvo, Miguel. (2012). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V. Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 págs.
    • Villabona mining area
      • Corvera de Asturias
        • Solís
Calvo, G. y Calvo, M. (2006). Fluorite from Spain. Every color under the Sun. En: Fluorite. The Collector's Choice. Lithographie LLC. Connecticut, USA. 38-42. Calvo, Miguel. (2012). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V. Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 págs.
  • Cantabria
    • Sierra de Arnero
Calvo, Miguel. (2012). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V. Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 págs.
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Baix Llobregat
        • Sant Cugat del Vallès-El Papiol
Calvo, G. y Calvo, M. (2006). Fluorite from Spain. Every color under the Sun. En: Fluorite. The Collector's Choice. Lithographie LLC. Connecticut, USA. 38-42.
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • Pallars Sobirà
        • Baix Pallars
          • Peramea
[var: Cobaltoan Calcite] Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
        • Atamaría
          • Campos de golf area
            • El Puntal
Calvo, M. (1996) Mineralogía, La Unión. Bocamina, 2, 14-35.
  • Örebro County
    • Örebro
      • Glanshammar
Torbjörn Lorin Collection
  • Valais
    • Westlich Raron (West Raron)
Ansermet, S. (2004) Les minéraux du tunnel du Lötschberg en Valais. Tracé, 130, 6, 24-28; Ansermet, S. (2004) Pristline mineral assemblages in deep Alpine veins from the Lötschberg base tunnel (Wallis, Switzerland). 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, September 5-8th 2004. Bulletin de Liaison de la Societé Française de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 16, 2, 26.
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Eden
        • Alston Moor
          • Nenthead
Collected by many collectors over many years .
    • Devon
      • East Devon
        • Sidmouth
Martin Allen collection
  • Northern Ireland
    • Ulster
      • Co. Antrim
        • Giant's Causeway
Trevor Boyd Collection
  • Colorado
    • Moffat Co.
Maneotis: 2009
Mathew Maneotis data. Colorado School of Mines.
    • Saguache Co.
Jim Hall 2009
    • San Miguel Co.
      • Telluride Mining District (Upper San Miguel Mining District)
        • Telluride
Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 298-310
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield County
      • Danbury
Januzzi, Ronald E. (1959): The Minerals of Western Connecticut and Southeastern New York. The Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.; Januzzi, Ronald E. (1994), Mineral Data Book - Western Connecticut and Environs. The Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
      • Trumbull
        • Long Hill
J. Zolan Collection; Harold Moritz collection
    • Hartford Co.
      • East Granby
Wolfe, C. W. and Vilks, I. (1960): Pseudomorphs after Datolite, Prehnite and Apophyllite from East Granby, Connecticut. Am. Mineral. 45, 443-447.; Rocks & Minerals (1995) 70:396-409
      • Farmington
Bartsch, Rudolf C. B. (1940): New England Notes. Rocks & Minerals, vol. 15, no. 8, p. 274.
      • New Britain
Harold Moritz collection
      • Newington
Harold Moritz collection
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Thomaston
Harold Moritz collection
        • Thomaston Dam
Zodac, Peter. (1959), Minerals at Thomaston Dam, Connecticut; Rocks & Minerals: 34: 3.; Myer, George H. (1962), Hydrothermal Wurtzite at Thomaston Dam, Connecticut. American Mineralogist: 47(7-8): 977-979.; Segeler, Curt and Molon, Joseph. (1985), The Thomaston Dam Site, Thomaston, Connecticut; Rocks & Minerals: 60(3): 119-124.; Vogt, Wolfgang. (1991), Rediscovering Thomaston Dam. Lapidary Journal: April.
    • New Haven Co.
      • Cheshire
Harold Moritz collection
      • East Haven
Powell, Richard C. and Wolfgang Vogt. (1987), Cinque Quarry, A Suburban Site in Connecticut Makes Collecting a Cinch. Rock and Gem: (6): 36-39.
      • Southbury
Bill Barrett collection
Weber, Marcelle H. and Earle C. Sullivan. (1995): Connecticut Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals (Connecticut Issue): 70(6): 407.; P. Cristofono collection.
    • Tolland Co.
      • Willington
        • West Willington
Ague, J. J. (1995): Deep Crustal Growth of Quartz, Kyanite and Garnet into Large-Aperature, fluid-filled fractures, northeastern Connecticut, USA. Journal of Metamorphic Geology: 13: 299-314.
  • Florida
    • Citrus Co.
      • Lecanto
    • Okeechobee Co.
      • Fort Drum
Min Rec 36:3 pp 289-290
  • Georgia
    • Floyd Co.
      • Rome
Rocks & Min.:64:195.
    • Pickens Co.
      • Marble Hill
Rocks & Min.: 64:203.
  • Kentucky
T. Kennedy collection
    • Hart Co.
      • Horse Cave
Visual Identification by Mike Polletta
    • Henry Co.
      • Lockport
Barite Deposits of Kentucky, Ky. Geo. Survey, Ser. XI, Bulletin 1 and T. Kennedy collection
  • Massachusetts
    • Bristol Co.
      • Acushnet
No reference listed
    • Middlesex Co.
Harvard Museum of Natural History, no. 125172
  • Michigan
    • Houghton Co.
      • Hancock
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Pewabic
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Missouri
    • Jasper Co.
      • Joplin Field
Publications of the Field Columbian Museum Geological Series Vol 1 1895-1902 pp 232-241
    • Reynolds Co.
      • Ellington
[]; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Econ.Geol.: 83; 355-376; Econ Geol (1993) 88:957-960
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Bootstrap Mining District
        • Goldstrike Mines
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Essex Co.
      • Livingston Township
        • Livingston
Gary Moldovany; communications with collector;
    • Passaic Co.
      • Little Falls Township
Specimens in numerous collections including Mark Bianchi, Frank A. Imbriacco III
      • Woodland Park (West Paterson)
Specimens from Frank Imbriacco III pictured on Mindat.
    • Sussex Co.
      • Sparta Township
        • Franklin Marble
A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
  • New York
    • Monroe Co.
      • Penfield
Jensen, David E. (1942), Minerals of the Lockport dolomite in the vicinity of Rochester, N.Y. Rocks & Minerals: 17(6): 199-203.
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Rossie
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 155; Mineralogical Record: 32: 273.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Snyder Co.
      • Middleburg Township
        • Paxtonville
Collection of Jeff Wilson (Field Trips, The North Jersey Mineralogical Society)
Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
      • West York
Berkheiser, Jr. Samuel W. (1983), Reconnaissance Survey of Potential Carbonate Whiting Sources in Pennsylvania, Mineral Resource Report 83.
Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
      • Lincoln
        • Lime Rock
Rocks & Minerals (1986): 61: 266; Rocks & Minerals (1986): 61: 286-289
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston; Rocks & Min.: 17:51; 20:463-464.; Rocks & Minerals (1986) 61:264-275; Rocks & Minerals (1986): 61: 286-289
  • South Dakota
    • Jackson Co.
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Tennessee
    • Smith Co.
      • Carthage
Kearns, L.E., Campbell III, F.H. (1978) Famous Mineral Localities: The Elmwood and Gordonsville Zinc Mines near Carthage, Tennessee. The Mineralogical Record, 9(4), 213-218 Kyle, J.R. (1976) Brecciation, Alteration and Mineralization in the Central Tennessee Zinc District. Economic Geology, 71(5), 892-903.
  • Wisconsin
    • Lafayette Co.
      • Upper Mississippi Valley Mining District
        • Shullsburg area
Rocks & Min.: 59:68 & 64:14.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Wyoming
    • Park Co.
C. Tucker collection
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2019年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2019.12.13 13:53:26 Page generated: 2019.12.13 00:35:25
Go to top of page