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Ijolite

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About IjoliteHide

Name:
Named by Ramsay in 1891 for Ijola (Iivaara), Finland.
A nephelinolite consisting of 30-70% nepheline with pyroxene.

A series of plutonic rocks containing nepheline and 30% to 60% mafic minerals, generally clinopyroxene, and including minor titanite, apatite, and melanite; also, any rock of that series. Melteigite and jacupirangite are more mafic members of the series; urtite is a type rich in nepheline.


Classification of IjoliteHide

Sub-divisions of IjoliteHide

Mineralogy of IjoliteHide

Essential minerals - these are minerals that are required within the classification of this rock:
Feldspathoid > NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
PyroxeneA petrological term for Pyroxene Group.
Non-essential minerals - these minerals are common, sometimes major components, but are not always present:
Amphibole > HornblendeAn informal name for dark green to black amphiboles, mostly ferro-hornblende or ...
Mica > BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2

Synonyms of IjoliteHide

Internet Links for IjoliteHide

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-48393.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for IjoliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Huambo Province
    • Londuimbali City Council
Amores-Casals, S.; Gonçalves, A.O.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Molist, J.M. (2020) Nb and REE Distribution in the Monte Verde Carbonatite–Alkaline–Agpaitic Complex (Angola). Minerals 10, 5.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 11
    • Victoria Land
      • Pipecleaner Glacier Region
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 15
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mazenod Lake District
Orris, G. J., & Grauch, R. I. (2002). Rare earth element mines, deposits and occurrences (Open file report 2-189). US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
Davidson, A. (1963) A study of okaite and associated rocks near Oka, Quebec. A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of master in science in the degree of geology. The university of British Columbia. 158 p.
China
 
  • Sichuan
    • Bazhong
      • Nanjiang Co.
Bai, G. & Yuan, Z. (1985). Carbonatites and related mineral resources. Bull. Inst. Miner. Deposits Chin. Acad. Geol. Sci., 1-193. Lingdi, Z., & Guofu, Z. (1998). STUDY ON MINERALOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY OF THE PINGHE ULTRABASIC ALKALINE ROCK BODY, NANJIANG, SICHUAN [J]. Journal of Chengdu University of Technology, 25, 246-256.
    • Guangyuan
      • Lizhou District
Bai, G. & Yuan, Z. (1985). Carbonatites and related mineral resources. Bull. Inst. Miner. Deposits Chin. Acad. Geol. Sci., 13, 1-193.
      • Wangcang County
Bai, G. & Yuan, Z. (1985). Carbonatites and related mineral resources. Bull. Inst. Miner. Deposits Chin. Acad. Geol. Sci., 1-193.
    • Liangshan
      • Dechang County
Zhang, Y., Luo, Y., & Yang, C. (Eds.). (1990). Panxi Rift and its geodynamics. Geological Publishing House.
      • Puge County
Zhang, Y., Luo, Y., & Yang, C. (Eds.). (1990). Panxi Rift and its geodynamics. Geological Publishing House.
    • Panzhihua
      • Miyi County
Zhang, Y., Luo, Y., & Yang, C. (Eds.). (1990). Panxi Rift and its geodynamics. Geological Publishing House.
  • Yunnan
    • Honghe
      • Gejiu City
Huang, Z., Yan, Y., & Wu, J. (1996). Geochemistry of alkaline-ultrabasic rocks in the Jijie complex, Lufeng, Yunnan. Chinese Journal of Geochemistry, 15(1), 61-71.
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Cheb District
      • Mariánské Lázně
- Ulrych, J., Pivec, E., Bouše, P. (1995) Minerální parageneze ijolitových vyloučenin v olivinickém nefelinitu Podhorního vrchu u Mariánských Lázní. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, 51-56.
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
    • Beni Territory
      • Bashu
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE— database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database [http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1139/].
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Prakasam District
Madhavan, V., & Leelanandam, C. (1988). Petrology of the Elchuru alkaline pluton, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 31(6), 535-537. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Madhavan, V., Mallikharjuna Rao, J., SUBRAHMANYAM K, K. S., & LEELANANDAM, C. (1989). Bedrock geology of the Elchuru alkaline pluton, Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh. Geol. Soc. India Memoir, 15, 189-205. Madhavan, V., MALLIKHARJUNA, R., Balaram, V., & Kumar, R. (1992). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of lamprophyres and associated dykes from Elchuru, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 40(2), 135-149. Nag, S., Chakravorty, P. S., Smith, T. E., & Huang, C. H. (1984). The petrology and geochemistry of intrusive alkaline rocks of Elchuru, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Geological Journal, 19(1), 57-76. Subba Rao, T. V., Bhaskar Rao, Y. J., Sivaraman, T. V., & Gopalan, K. (1989). Rb-Sr age and petrology of the Elchuru Alkaline Complex: implications to alkaline magmatism in the Eastern Ghat Mobile Belt. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 207-223. Upadhyay, D., Raith, M. M., Mezger, K., & Hammerschmidt, K. (2006). Mesoproterozoic rift-related alkaline magmatism at Elchuru, Prakasam alkaline province, SE India. Lithos, 89(3-4), 447-477.
  • Assam
    • East Karbi Anglong District
      • Samchampi-Samteran alkaline igneous complex
Kumar, D., Mamallan, R., Saravanan, B., Jain, S. K., & Krishnamurthy, P. (1989). Petrology and geochemistry of the Samchampi alkaline carbonatite complex, Mikir Hills, Assam, India. Exploration and Research of Atomic Minerals, 2, 183-199. Nag, S., Sengupta, S. K., Gaur, R. K., & Absar, A. (1999). Alkaline rocks of Samchampi-Samteran, District Karbi-Anglong, Assam, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 108(1), 33-48.
    • West Karbi Anglong District
Heaman, L. M., Srivastava, R. K., & Sinha, A. K. (2002). A precise U–Pb zircon/baddeleyite age for the Jasra igneous complex, Karbi–Analong District, Assam, NE India. Current Science, 744-748. Kumar, D., Mamallan, R., & Dwivedy, K. K. (1996). Carbonatite magmatism in northeast India. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 13(2), 145-158. Melluso, L., Srivastava, R. K., Guarino, V., Zanetti, A., & Sinha, A. K. (2010). Mineral compositions and petrogenetic evolution of the ultramafic-alkaline–carbonatitic complex of Sung Valley, northeastern India. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(1), 205-229. Srivastava, R. K., & Sinha, A. K. (2004). Geochemistry of Early Cretaceous alkaline ultramafic-mafic complex from Jasra, Karbi Anglong, Shillong plateau, northeastern India. Gondwana Research, 7(2), 549-561. Srivastava, R. K., & Sinha, A. K. (2007). Nd and Sr isotope systematics and geochemistry of a plume-related Early Cretaceous alkaline-mafic-ultramafic igneous complex from Jasra, Shillong Plateau, northeastern India. SPECIAL PAPERS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, 430, 815-830.
  • Gujarat
    • Chhota Udaipur District
Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.
  • Maharashtra
    • Raigad District
Sethna, S. F., & D’Sa, C. P. (1991). Occurrence of ijolite with veinlets of carbonatite in the Deccan Trap at Murud-Janjira, Maharashtra, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 37, 257-263. Dessai, A. G., & Viegas, A. (2010). Petrogenesis of alkaline rocks from Murud-Janjira, in the Deccan Traps, western India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 98(1-4), 297-311. Melluso, L., Sethna, S. F., d’Antonio, M., Javeri, P., & Bennio, L. (2002). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of sodic and potassic mafic alkaline rocks in the Deccan Volcanic Province, Mumbai area (India). Mineralogy and Petrology, 74(2-4), 323-342. Dessai, A. G., Rock, N., Griffin, B. J., & Gupta, D. (1990). Mineralogy and petrology of some xenolith-bearing alkaline dykes associated with Deccan magmatism, south of Bombay, India. European Journal of Mineralogy, 667-686.; Sethna, S. F., & D’Sa, C. P. (1991). Occurrence of ijolite with veinlets of carbonatite in the Deccan Trap at Murud-Janjira, Maharashtra, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 37, 257-263. Dessai, A. G., & Viegas, A. (2010). Petrogenesis of alkaline rocks from Murud-Janjira, in the Deccan Traps, western India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 98(1-4), 297-311. Melluso, L., Sethna, S. F., d’Antonio, M., Javeri, P., & Bennio, L. (2002). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of sodic and potassic mafic alkaline rocks in the Deccan Volcanic Province, Mumbai area (India). Mineralogy and Petrology, 74(2-4), 323-342. Dessai, A. G., Rock, N., Griffin, B. J., & Gupta, D. (1990). Mineralogy and petrology of some xenolith-bearing alkaline dykes associated with Deccan magmatism, south of Bombay, India. European Journal of Mineralogy, 667-686.
  • Meghalaya
    • East Khasi Hills District
Melluso, L., Srivastava, R. K., Guarino, V., Zanetti, A., & Sinha, A. K. (2010). Mineral compositions and petrogenetic evolution of the ultramafic-alkaline–carbonatitic complex of Sung Valley, northeastern India. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(1), 205-229.; Krishnamurthy, P. (1985). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated rocks of Sung Valley, Jaintia hills district, Meghalaya, India. Journal of The Geological Society of India, 26(6), 361-379. Sen, A. K. (1999). Origin of the Sung Valley carbonatite complex, Meghalaya, India: major element geochemistry constraints. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 53(3), 285-297.
    • West Khasi Hills District
RAGHAVAN NAMBIAR, A. (1987). Alkaline magmatism in parts of West Khasi Hills and East Garo Hills district, Meghalaya. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 115(3-4), 25-44. Ray, J. S., Ramesh, R., & Pande, K. (1999). Carbon isotopes in Kerguelen plume-derived carbonatites: evidence for recycled inorganic carbon. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 170(3), 205-214. Sarkar, A., Datta, A. K., Poddar, B. C., Bhattacharyya, B. K., Kollapuri, V. K., & Sanwal, R. (1996). Geochronological studies of Mesozoic igneous rocks from eastern India. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 13(2), 77-81.
  • Odisha
    • Nuapada District
Upadhyay, D., Raith, M. M., Mezger, K., Bhattacharya, A., & Kinny, P. D. (2006). Mesoproterozoic rifting and Pan-African continental collision in SE India: evidence from the Khariar alkaline complex. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 151(4), 434-456. Madhavan, V., & Khurram, M. Z. A. K. (1989). The alkaline gneisses of Khariar, Kalahandi district, Orissa. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 265-289.
  • Rajasthan
    • Barmer District
Bhushan, S. K. (2015). Geology of the Kamthai rare earth deposit. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85(5), 537-546.
      • Malani Igneous Province
Chandrasekaran, V., Srivastava, R. K., & Chawade, M. P. (1990). Geochemistry of the alkaline rocks of Sarnu-Dandali area, district Barmer, Rajasthan, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 36(4), 365-382. Chandrasekaran, V., & Chawade, M. P. (1990). Carbonatites of Barmer district, Rajasthan. Indian Minerals, 44(4), 315-324. Chandrasekaran, V., & Srivastava, R. K. (1992). Geochemistry of the Sarnu-Dandali carbonatites, District Barmer, Rajasthan, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 39(4), 321-328. Ray, J. S., & Ramesh, R. (1999). Evolution of carbonatite complexes of the Deccan flood basalt province: stable carbon and oxygen isotopic constraints. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 104(B12), 29471-29483. Srivastava, R. K. (1989). Alkaline and peralkaline rocks of Rajasthan. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 3-24.
    • Jaipur district
      • Sikar District
Basu, S. K., & Narsayya, B. L. (1982). Note on a zone of probable carbonatite-alkali metasomatic rock associotion in the eastern part of Khetri copper belt, Northeastern Rajasthan. Indian Minerals, 36(1), 29-31. Saxena, M. N., Gupta, L. N., & CHAUDHRI, N. (1984). Carbonatite dikes in Dhanota-Dhancholi hills, Narnaul, Haryana. Current science, 53(12), 651-652.
Kenya
 
  • Homa Bay County
Rosatelli, G., Wall, F., Le Bas, M.J. (2003) Potassic glass and calcite carbonatite in lapilli from extrusive carbonatites at Rangwa Caldera Complex, Kenya. Mineralogical Magazine, 67:5, 931-955.
  • Kajiado County
Saggerson, E.P., Williams, L.A.J. (1964) Ngurumanite from Southern Kenya and its Bearing on the Origin of Rocks in the Northern Tanganyika Alkaline District. Journal of Petrology, Volume 5:1, 1 January 1964, Pages 40–81. https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/5.1.40
  • Kwale County
Nyambok, I.O. (1980) Petrology and geochemistry of the alkaline intrusion, Jombo Hill, Kenya. Geological Magazine, 117:4, 327-338.; Woolley, A. R. (1987). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Namibia
 
  • ǁKaras Region
    • ǃNamiǂNûs Constituency
Reid, D. L., & Cooper, A. F. (1998, April). Carbonatite and silicate magmas at Dicker Willem, southern Namibia: their origin and source region characteristics. In International Kimberlite Conference: Extended Abstracts (Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 727-729).
North Korea
 
  • Kangwon Province
    • Kimhwa County
Paek, R.J., Gap, K.H., & Jon, G.P. (eds) 1996. Geology of Korea. Foreign languages books publishing house, Pyongyang.
Paek, R.J., Gap, K.H., & Jon, G.P. (eds) 1996. Geology of Korea. Foreign languages books publishing house, Pyongyang.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Nome
      • Fen Complex
Mitchell, R.H. (1980): Pyroxenes of the Fen alkaline complex, Norway. American Mineralogist. 65: 45-54
Poland
 
  • Podlaskie Voivodeship
Specjalne, P. T. M. P. (2005) Fluid Inclusions and Cathodoluminescence of Fluorite from Carbonatites of the Tajno Massif, NE Poland. in Mineralogical Society of Poland – Special Papers; Volume 26, 2005 ; Specjalne, P. T. M. P. (2005) Fluid Inclusions and Cathodoluminescence of Fluorite from Carbonatites of the Tajno Massif, NE Poland. in Mineralogical Society of Poland – Special Papers; Volume 26, 2005
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
L. Kogarko (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Part Two: Former USSR
Rasskazov, S. V., Il’yasova, A. M., Konev, A. A., Yasnygina, T. A., Maslovskaya, M. N., Fefelov, N. N., ... & Saranina, E. V. (2007). Geochemical evolution of the Zadoi Alkaline-Ultramafic Massif, Cis-Sayan area, southern Siberia. Geochemistry International, 45(1), 1-14.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
      • Aldan shield
Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
Zaitsev, V. A., Aksenov, S. M., Rastsvetaeva, R. K., & Chukanov, N. V. (2017). Sr-rich Eudialyte Group Mineral (Cl-deficient Analogues of Taseqite) from Odikhincha Massif, Polar Siberia, Russia. In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 319-321).
  • Murmansk Oblast
[Pegmatitic Ijolite] Kukharenko et al, 1965
Lykova, I. S., Pekov, I. V., Kononkova, N. N., & Shpachenko, A. K. Bafertisite and jinshajiangite from the Gremyakha-Vyrmes alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula.; Sorokhtina, N. V., Kogarko, L. N., Shpachenko, A. K., & Senin, V. G. (2016). Composition and conditions of crystallization of zircon from the rare-metal ores of the Gremyakha–Vyrmes Massif, Kola Peninsula. Geochemistry International, 54(12), 1035-1048.; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
Kogarko et al. (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part 2 Former USSR
      • Koashva Mt
Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
    • Kolsky District
Kogarko, L.N. et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Vol 2.
Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
    • Northern Karelia
Zaitsev, A. N., Sitnikova, M. A., Subbotin, V. V., Fernández-Suárez, J., Jeffries, T. E., & Wall, F. (2004). Sallanlatvi complex—a rare example of magnesite and siderite carbonatites. Phoscorites and carbonatites from mantle to mine: the key example of the Kola Alkaline Province. Mineralogical Society, London, 201-245.
      • Vuoriyarvi alkaline-ultrabasic massif
Kozlov, E. N., Fomina, E. N., Mytsa, D. D., & Kirkin, V. V. (2017). Rare-earth carbonatites of the Vuori-Yarvi (Kola Region): First results of the study. In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 117-120).
Kukharenko et aI., 1965; Kononova and Shanin, 1971; Orlova, 1959.
    • Turii Cape
Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Louhi District
https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Alkaline-complexes-and-carbonatites-in-Kola-peninsula-northern-Russian-Karelia-and_fig1_225412232
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan Shield
      • Eastern Aldan
Shadenkov, Y. M. (1989). Metasomatic assemblages in wall rocks of the Ingili pluton, eastern Aldan. International Geology Review, 31(7), 697-706.
Nokleberg, W.J., Bundtzen, T.K., Dawson, K.M., Eremin R.A., Goryachev, N.A., Koch R.D., Ratkin, V.V., Rozenblum, I.S., Shpikerman, V.I., Frolov, Y.F., Gorodinsky, M.E., Melnikov, V.D., Diggles, M.F., Ognyanov, N.V., Petrachenko, E.D., Petrachenko, R.I., Pozdeev, A.I., Ross, K.V., Wood, D.H., Grybeck, Donald, Khanchuk, A.I., Kovbas, L.I., Nekrasov, I.Ya., and Sidorov, A.A., 1997, Significant metalliferous and selected non-metalliferous lode deposits and placer districts for the Russian Far East, Alaska, and the Canadian Cordillera: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-513-B
  • Tuva
Andreeva, I. A., Kovalenko, V. I., Nikiforov, A. V., & Kononkova, N. N. (2007). Compositions of magmas, formation conditions, and genesis of carbonate-bearing ijolites and carbonatites of the Belaya Zima alkaline carbonatite complex, eastern Sayan. Petrology, 15(6), 551-574.; Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha region
    • Ngorongoro District
Zaitsev, A. N., Marks, M. A. W., Wenzel, T., Spratt, J., Sharygin, V. V., Strekopytov, S., & Markl, G. (2012). Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrology of the phonolitic to nephelinitic Sadiman volcano, Crater Highlands, Tanzania. Lithos, 152, 66-83.
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth Mining District (Powderhorn Mining District)
Olson (1974); Olson, J. C. & D. C. Hedlund (1981), Alkalic rocks and resources of thorium and associated elements in the Powderhorn district, Gunnison County, Colorado. U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1049-C. 34 pp.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Manicaland
    • Buhera District
Swift, W. H. (1952). The Geology of Chishanya, Buhera District, Southern Rhodesia. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society, 15(1), 346-359.
Walsh, K.L. and Harmer, R.E. (1997) Excursion guide: Alkaline igneous rocks of southeastern Zimbabwe. Geological Society of Zimbabwe conference field trip No. 5
 
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