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Calcite-carbonatite

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About Calcite-carbonatiteHide

A carbonatite where more than 90% of the carbonate is calcite.


Classification of Calcite-carbonatiteHide

TRI__17cdbac2b8121d800b4cf66af872a52f.png

Classification of carbonatites with SiO2 < 20%

Sub-divisions of Calcite-carbonatiteHide

Mineralogy of Calcite-carbonatiteHide

Essential minerals - these are minerals that are required within the classification of this rock:
CalciteCaCO3

Synonyms of Calcite-carbonatiteHide

Internet Links for Calcite-carbonatiteHide

Localities for Calcite-carbonatiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Helmand
    • Dushan District
      • Khanneshin complex
[Søvite] Vikhter, B. Y., Yeremenko, G. K., & Chmyrev, V. M. (1976). A young volcanogenic carbonatite complex in Afghanistan. International Geology Review, 18(11), 1305-1312. Mars, J. C., & Rowan, L. C. (2011). ASTER spectral analysis and lithologic mapping of the Khanneshin carbonatite volcano, Afghanistan. Geosphere, 7(1), 276-289.
  • Nangarhar
    • Khogyani District
      • Spin Ghar range (Speen Ghar range)
[Søvite] Kempe, D. R. C., & Jan, M. Q. (1980). The Peshawar plain alkaline igneous province, NW Pakistan. University of Peshawar. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar, 13, 71-77
Angola
 
  • Huambo Province
    • Londuimbali
Amores-Casals, S.; Gonçalves, A.O.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Molist, J.M. (2020) Nb and REE Distribution in the Monte Verde Carbonatite–Alkaline–Agpaitic Complex (Angola). Minerals 10, 5.
  • Huíla Province
    • Quilengues
Amores Casals S, Bambi A C J M, Gonçalves A O, Melgarejo J C (2014) Mineral chemistry of pyrochlore from the Bonga Carbonatite (Huila, Angola). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 195; Amores-Casals, S., Melgarejo, J. C., Bambi, A., Gonçalves, A. O., Morais, E. A., Manuel, J., ... & Molist, J. M. (2019). Lamprophyre-Carbonatite Magma Mingling and Subsolidus Processes as Key Controls on Critical Element Concentration in Carbonatites—The Bonga Complex (Angola). Minerals, 9(10), 601.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
      • Barradale
[Søvite] Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.243.
    • Laverton Shire
      • Mount Weld Station
[Søvite] Dunkan, R.K. & Willett, G.C. 1990. Mount Weld carbonatite. Hughes, F. E. (Ed.). (1990). Geology of the mineral deposits of Australia and Papua New Guinea. Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. Melbourne, 591-597. Middlemost, E. (1990). Mineralogy and petrology of the rauhaugites of the Mt Weld carbonatite complex of Western Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 41(2-4), 145-161. Nelson, D. R., Chivas, A. R., Chappell, B. W., & McCulloch, M. T. (1988). Geochemical and isotopic systematics in carbonatites and implications for the evolution of ocean-island sources. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52(1), 1-17.; Dunkan, R.K. & Willett, G.C. 1990. Mount Weld carbonatite. Hughes, F. E. (Ed.). (1990). Geology of the mineral deposits of Australia and Papua New Guinea. Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. Melbourne, 591-597. Middlemost, E. (1990). Mineralogy and petrology of the rauhaugites of the Mt Weld carbonatite complex of Western Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 41(2-4), 145-161. Nelson, D. R., Chivas, A. R., Chappell, B. W., & McCulloch, M. T. (1988). Geochemical and isotopic systematics in carbonatites and implications for the evolution of ocean-island sources. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52(1), 1-17.
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
[Søvite] Bilal, E., De Mello, F. M., Soubiès, F., & Bounakhla, M. (2012). REE minerals in Catalão II, Goias, Brazil. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, 85(1), 14-18.
Burundi
 
  • Kayanza Province
    • Matongo
http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn1523
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Blue River carbonatites
Chudy T, Groat L, Cempírek J (2014) The magmatic evolution of the Fir carbonatite system and implications for Ta enrichment in carbonatites. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 73
    • Omineca Mining Division
      • Mansoon Lakes
[Søvite] BC Minfile
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
Chen, W., Kamenetsky, V. S., & Simonetti, A. (2013). Evidence for the alkaline nature of parental carbonatite melts at Oka complex in Canada. Nature communications, 4, ncomms3687.
    • Nord-du-Québec
Edahbi, M., Plante, B., Benzaazoua, M., Kormos, L., & Pelletier, M. (2018) Rare Earth Elements (La, Ce, Pr, Nd, and Sm) from a Carbonatite Deposit: Mineralogical Characterization and Geochemical Behavior. Minerals, 8(2), 55.
China
 
  • Hubei
    • Shiyan
      • Zhushan Co.
[Søvite] Li, S. (1982). Geochemical features and petrogenesis of Miaoya carbonatites, Hubei Province. Geochemistry, 1(4), 409-420. Xu, C., Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A. R., Li, X., & Song, W. (2015). A case example of the importance of multi-analytical approach in deciphering carbonatite petrogenesis in South Qinling orogen: Miaoya rare-metal deposit, central China. Lithos, 227, 107-121. Xu, C., Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A. R., Campbell, I. H., & Allen, C. M. (2010). Trace-element modeling of the magmatic evolution of rare-earth-rich carbonatite from the Miaoya deposit, Central China. Lithos, 118(1-2), 145-155. Yang, Z., & Woolley, A. (2006). Carbonatites in China: a review. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(5), 559-575.
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
    • Beni Territory
      • Bashu
[Søvite] Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE— database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database [http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1139/].
    • Rutshuru Territory
      • Bwito
Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
Lee, M. J., Lee, J. I., Garcia, D., Moutte, J., Williams, C. T., Wall, F., & Kim, Y. (2006). Pyrochlore chemistry from the Sokli phoscorite-carbonatite complex, Finland: implications for the genesis of phoscorite and carbonatite association. Geochemical Journal, 40(1), 1-13.
  • Northern Savonia
    • Siilinjärvi
[Søvite] Basu, A. R., Goodwin, A. M., & Tatsumoto, M. (1984). SmNd study of Archean alkalic rocks from the Superior Province of the Canadian Shield. Earth and planetary science letters, 70(1), 40-46. Ingrid, H. K. (1998). Rare earth elements in sövitic carbonatites and their mineral phases. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2105-2121. Kononova, V. A., Shanin, L. L., & Arakelyants, M. M. (1974). Times of formation of alkaline massifs and carbonatites. International Geology Review, 16(10), 1119-1130. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier. O’Brien, H., Heilimo, E., & Heino, P. (2015). The Archean Siilinjärvi carbonatite complex. In Mineral deposits of Finland (pp. 327-343). Elsevier. Patchett, P. J., Kouvo, O., Hedge, C. E., & Tatsumoto, M. (1982). Evolution of continental crust and mantle heterogeneity: evidence from Hf isotopes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 78(3), 279-297. Puustinen, K. 1971. Geology of the Siilinjarvi carbonatite complex, eastern Finland. Bulletin e la Comission Geologique de Finlande, 249, 1-43. Puustinen, K. (1972). Richterite and actinolite from the Siilinjarvi carbonatite complex, Finland. Bull Geol Soc Finland, 44, 83-86. Puustinen, K. A. U. K. O. (1973). Tetraferriphlogopite from the Siilinjärvi carbonatite complex, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 45, 35-42. Puustinen, K. (1974). DOLOMITE EXSOLUTION TEXTURES IN CALCITE FROM THE SIILINJAERVI CARBONATITE COMPLEX, FINLAND, 46, 151-159. Puustinnen, K. & Kauppinen, H. 1989. The Siilinjarvi carbonatite complex, eastern Finland. Notholt, A. J. G., Sheldon, R. P., & Davidson, D. F. (Eds.). (2005). Phosphate deposits of the world: volume 2, phosphate rock resources (Vol. 2). Cambridge University Press. 394-397. Rukhlov, A. S., & Bell, K. (2010). Geochronology of carbonatites from the Canadian and Baltic Shields, and the Canadian Cordillera: clues to mantle evolution. Mineralogy and Petrology, 98(1-4), 11-54. Tichomirowa, M., Whitehouse, M. J., Gerdes, A., Götze, J., Schulz, B., & Belyatsky, B. V. (2013). Different zircon recrystallization types in carbonatites caused by magma mixing: Evidence from U–Pb dating, trace element and isotope composition (Hf and O) of zircons from two Precambrian carbonatites from Fennoscandia. Chemical Geology, 353, 173-198. Tilton, G. R. (1983). Evolution of depleted mantle: the lead perspective. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 47(7), 1191-1197.
  • Southern Savonia
[Alvikite] Puustinen, K. 1986. Muutoksia geologin toimituksessa. Geologi, 38, 1-5. Puustinen, K., & Karhu, J. A. (1999). Halpanen calcite carbonatite dike, southeastern Finland. SPECIAL PAPER-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF FINLAND, 39-42. Rukhlov, A. S., & Bell, K. (2010). Geochronology of carbonatites from the Canadian and Baltic Shields, and the Canadian Cordillera: clues to mantle evolution. Mineralogy and Petrology, 98(1-4), 11-54. Torppa, A., Karhu, J. & Huhma, H. 2006. Light mantle carbon: evidence from carbonatites in Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, Special Issue, 1, 162 [abstract].
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Konstanz
[Søvite] Alibert, C., Michard, A., & Albarède, F. (1983). The transition from alkali basalts to kimberlites: isotope and trace element evidence from melilitites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 82(2-3), 176-186. Dunworth, E. A., & Wilson, M. (1998). Olivine melilitites of the SW German Tertiary Volcanic Province: mineralogy and petrogenesis. Journal of Petrology, 39(10), 1805-1836. Hegner, E., & Vennemann, T. W. (1997). Role of fluids in the origin of Tertiary European intraplate volcanism: evidence from O, H, and Sr isotopes in melilitites. Geology, 25(11), 1035-1038. Keller, J. (1989). Extrusive carbonatites and their significance. Carbonatites: genesis and evolution. Unwin Hyman, London, 70-88. Keller, J., Brey, G., Lorenz, V., & Sachs, P. (1990). Volcanism and petrology of the upper Rhinegraben (Urach-Hegau-Kaiserstuhl). Fieldguide, IAVCEI 1990 preconference excursion, 2. Wedepohl, K. H., Gohn, E., & Hartmann, G. (1994). Cenozoic alkali basaltic magmas of western Germany and their products of differentiation. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 253-278. Wilson, M., Rosenbaum, J. M., & Dunworth, E. A. (1995). Melilitites: partial melts of the thermal boundary layer?. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 119(2-3), 181-196.
[Søvite] Bogaard, P. V., & Schmincke, H. U. (1985). Laacher See Tephra: A widespread isochronous late Quaternary tephra layer in central and northern Europe. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 96(12), 1554-1571. Van den Bogaard, P. (1995). 40Ar/39Ar ages of sanidine phenocrysts from Laacher See Tephra (12,900 yr BP): Chronostratigraphic and petrological significance. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 133(1-2), 163-174. Ginibre, C., Wörner, G., & Kronz, A. (2004). Structure and dynamics of the Laacher See magma chamber (Eifel, Germany) from major and trace element zoning in sanidine: a cathodoluminescence and electron microprobe study. Journal of Petrology, 45(11), 2197-2223. Lippolt, H. J. (1982). K/Ar age determinations and the correlation of Tertiary volcanic activity in Central Europe. Geologisches Jahrbuch. Reihe D. Mineralogie, Petrographie, Geochemie, Lagerstättenkunde, 52D, 113-135. Taylor Jr, H. P., Frechen, J., & Degens, E. T. (1967). Oxygen and carbon isotope studies of carbonatites from the Laacher See District, West Germany and the Alnö District, Sweden. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 31(3), 407-430. Schumacher, R., & Schmincke, H. U. (1990). The lateral facies of ignimbrites at Laacher See volcano. Bulletin of Volcanology, 52(4), 271-285. Harms, E., Gardner, J. E., & Schmincke, H. U. (2004). Phase equilibria of the Lower Laacher See Tephra (East Eifel, Germany): constraints on pre-eruptive storage conditions of a phonolitic magma reservoir. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 134(1-2), 125-138.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Saalekreis
      • Landsberg
[Alvikite] Krüger, J. C., Romer, R. L., & Kämpf, H. (2013). Late Cretaceous ultramafic lamprophyres and carbonatites from the Delitzsch Complex, Germany. Chemical Geology, 353, 140-150. Seifert, W., Kämpf, H., & Wasternack, J. (2000). Compositional variation in apatite, phlogopite and other accessory minerals of the ultramafic Delitzsch complex, Germany: implication for cooling history of carbonatites. Lithos, 53(2), 81-100. Rollig, G., Viehweg, M., & Reuter, N. (1990). THE ULTRAMAFIC LAMPROPHYRES AND CARBONATITES OF DELITZSCH, GDR. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ANGEWANDTE GEOLOGIE, 36, 49-54. Wand, U., Stiehl, G., Rölling, G., Mühle, K., Haase, G., & Gerstenberger, H. (1989). C, O, N and Sr isotope characteristics of carbonatites from the Central German Crystalline Zone, GDR. In Proc 5 th Working Meeting Isotopes in Nature, Leipzig (pp. 421-436).
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Nellore District
[Søvite] Vasudevan, D., Rao, T.M. & Reddy, C.K. 1977. A note on the occurrence of carbonatite in the Nellur schist belt, near Vinjamur, Udayagiri Taluk, A.P. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 18, 515-518. Kumar, A., Srinivasan, R., Gopalan, K., & Patil, D.J. 1992. Reply. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 42, 305-307. Subbarao, K. V., Bhaskar, R., & Le Bas, M. J. (1995). Are the Vinjamur rocks carbonatites or meta-limestones?. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 46(2), 125-137.
  • Assam
    • East Karbi Anglong District
      • Samchampi-Samteran alkaline igneous complex
[Søvite] Kumar, D., Mamallan, R., Saravanan, B., Jain, S. K., & Krishnamurthy, P. (1989). Petrology and geochemistry of the Samchampi alkaline carbonatite complex, Mikir Hills, Assam, India. Exploration and Research of Atomic Minerals, 2, 183-199. Nag, S., Sengupta, S. K., Gaur, R. K., & Absar, A. (1999). Alkaline rocks of Samchampi-Samteran, District Karbi-Anglong, Assam, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 108(1), 33-48.
    • West Karbi Anglong District
[Søvite] Heaman, L. M., Srivastava, R. K., & Sinha, A. K. (2002). A precise U–Pb zircon/baddeleyite age for the Jasra igneous complex, Karbi–Analong District, Assam, NE India. Current Science, 744-748. Kumar, D., Mamallan, R., & Dwivedy, K. K. (1996). Carbonatite magmatism in northeast India. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 13(2), 145-158. Melluso, L., Srivastava, R. K., Guarino, V., Zanetti, A., & Sinha, A. K. (2010). Mineral compositions and petrogenetic evolution of the ultramafic-alkaline–carbonatitic complex of Sung Valley, northeastern India. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(1), 205-229. Srivastava, R. K., & Sinha, A. K. (2004). Geochemistry of Early Cretaceous alkaline ultramafic-mafic complex from Jasra, Karbi Anglong, Shillong plateau, northeastern India. Gondwana Research, 7(2), 549-561. Srivastava, R. K., & Sinha, A. K. (2007). Nd and Sr isotope systematics and geochemistry of a plume-related Early Cretaceous alkaline-mafic-ultramafic igneous complex from Jasra, Shillong Plateau, northeastern India. SPECIAL PAPERS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, 430, 815-830.
  • Gujarat
    • Chhota Udaipur District
Chandra, J., Paul, D., Viladkar, S. G., & Sensarma, S. (2018). Origin of the Amba Dongar carbonatite complex, India and its possible linkage with the Deccan Large Igneous Province. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 463(1), 137-169.
[Alvikite] Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.
[Søvite] Sethna, S. F., SF, S., & SM, B. (1981). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 417-425. Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Sukheswala, R. N., & Borges, S. M. (1975). The carbonatite-injected sandstones of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat. Indian Jour. Earth Sci, 2(1), 1-10.
  • Rajasthan
    • Barmer District
[Søvite] Chandrasekaran, V., & Chawade, M. P. (1990). Carbonatites of Barmer district, Rajasthan. Indian Minerals, 44(4), 315-324.
Bhushan, S. K. (2015). Geology of the Kamthai rare earth deposit. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85(5), 537-546.
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Krishnagiri District
[Søvite] Natarajana, M., Rao, B. B., Parthasarathy, R., Kumar, A., & Gopalan, K. (1994). 2.0 ga old pyroxenite-carbonatite complex of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, south India. Precambrian Research, 65(1-4), 167-181. Srinivasan, V. (1977). The carbonatite of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, South India. Geological Society of India, 18(11), 598-604.
Ackerman, L., Magna, T., Rapprich, V., Upadhyay, D., Krátký, O., Čejková, B., ... & Hrstka, T. (2017). Contrasting petrogenesis of spatially related carbonatites from Samalpatti and Sevattur, Tamil Nadu, India. Lithos, 284, 257-275.
[Søvite] Ackerman, L., Magna, T., Rapprich, V., Upadhyay, D., Krátký, O., Čejková, B., ... & Hrstka, T. (2017). Contrasting petrogenesis of spatially related carbonatites from Samalpatti and Sevattur, Tamil Nadu, India. Lithos, 284, 257-275.
Ireland
 
  • Leinster
    • Meath County
      • Navan (An Uaimh)
        • Navan Mine (Tara Mine)
Yesares, L.; Drummond, D.A.; Hollis, S.P.; Doran, A.L.; Menuge, J.F.; Boyce, A.J.; Blakeman, R.J.; Ashton, J.H. (2019) Coupling Mineralogy, Textures, Stable and Radiogenic Isotopes in Identifying Ore-Forming Processes in Irish-Type Carbonate-Hosted Zn–Pb Deposits. Minerals 9, 335.
Italy
 
  • Basilicata
    • Potenza Province
      • Rionero in Vulture
[Søvite] Beccaluva, L., Coltorti, M., Di Girolamo, P., Melluso, L., Milani, L., Morra, V., & Siena, F. (2002). Petrogenesis and evolution of Mt. Vulture alkaline volcanism (Southern Italy). Mineralogy and Petrology, 74(2-4), 277-297. Bindi, L., Cellai, D., Melluso, L., Conticelli, S., Morra, V., & Menchetti, S. (1999). Crystal chemistry of clinopyroxene from alkaline undersaturated rocks of the Monte Vulture Volcano, Italy. Lithos, 46(2), 259-274. De Astis, G., Kempton, P. D., Peccerillo, A., & Wu, T. W. (2006). Trace element and isotopic variations from Mt. Vulture to Campanian volcanoes: constraints for slab detachment and mantle inflow beneath southern Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 151(3), 331-351. D'orazio, M., Innocenti, F., Tonarini, S., & Doglioni, C. (2007). Carbonatites in a subduction system: the Pleistocene alvikites from Mt. Vulture (southern Italy). Lithos, 98(1-4), 313-334. Downes, H., Kostoula, T., Jones, A., Beard, A., Thirlwall, M., & Bodinier, J. L. (2002). Geochemistry and Sr–Nd isotopic compositions of mantle xenoliths from the Monte Vulture carbonatite–melilitite volcano, central southern Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 144(1), 78-92. Jones, A. P., Kostoula, T., Stoppa, F., & Woolley, A. R. (2000). Petrography and mineral chemistry of mantle xenoliths in a carbonate-rich melilititic tuff from Mt. Vulture volcano, southern Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 64(4), 593-613. La Volpe, L., Patella, D., Rapisardi, L., & Tramacere, A. (1984). The evolution of the Monte Vulture volcano (Southern Italy): inferences from volcanological, geological and deep dipole electrical soundings data. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 22(3-4), 147-162. Melluso, L., Morra, V., & Di Girolamo, P. (1996). The Mt. Vulture volcanic complex (Italy): evidence for distinct parental magmas and for residual melts with melilite. Mineralogy and Petrology, 56(3-4), 225-250. Rosatelli, G., Wall, F., & Stoppa, F. (2007). Calcio-carbonatite melts and metasomatism in the mantle beneath Mt. Vulture (Southern Italy). Lithos, 99(3-4), 229-248. Solovova, I. P., Girnis, A. V., Kogarko, L. N., Kononkova, N. N., Stoppa, F., & Rosatelli, G. (2005). Compositions of magmas and carbonate–silicate liquid immiscibility in the Vulture alkaline igneous complex, Italy. Lithos, 85(1-4), 113-128. Stoppa, F., & Principe, C. (1997). Eruption style and petrology of a new carbonatitic suite from the Mt. Vulture Southern Italy: The Monticchio Lakes Formation. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 78(3-4), 251-265. Stoppa, F., Jones, A.P. & Sharygin, V.V. 2009. Nyereite from carbonatite rocks at Vulture volcano; implications for mantle metasomatism and petrogenesis of alkali carbonate melts. Central European Journal of Geoscience, 1, 131-151. Villa, I. M., & Buettner, A. (2009). Chronostratigraphy of Monte Vulture volcano (southern Italy): secondary mineral microtextures and 39 Ar-40 Ar systematics. Bulletin of volcanology, 71(10), 1195.
Kenya
 
  • Kwale County
[Søvite] Coetzee, G.L., Edwards, C.B. (1959) The Mrima Hill Carbonatite, Coast Province, Kenya. South African Journal of Geology, 62:1, 373-397.
Malawi
 
  • Southern Region
    • Phalombe
http://www.mkango.ca/s/songwe.asp; Broom-Fendley S, Brady A, Horstwood M, Wall F, Gunn G, Dawes W, Andersen J (2014) The Songwe-Hill Carbonatite, Malawi: new mapping, geochemistry and U-Pb dating. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 195
    • Zomba
[Søvite] Dowman, E., Wall, F., Treloar, P. J., Rankin, A. H., & Corkhill, C. (2017). Rare-earth mobility as a result of multiple phases of fluid activity in fenite around the Chilwa Island Carbonatite, Malawi. Mineralogical Magazine, 81(6), 1367-1395.
Mongolia
 
  • Dornogovi Province
    • Khatanbulag District
Kynicky, J., et al., (2018) The role of carbonate-fluoride melt immiscibility in shallow REE deposit evolution, Geoscience Frontiers.
Mozambique
 
  • Nampula Province
Hurai, V., Paquette, J. L., Huraiová, M., Slobodník, M., Hvožďara, P., Siegfried, P., ... & Milovská, S. (2017). New insights into the origin of the Evate apatite-iron oxide-carbonate deposit, Northeastern Mozambique, constrained by mineralogy, textures, thermochronometry, and fluid inclusions. Ore Geology Reviews, 80, 1072-1091.
Namibia
 
  • Kunene Region
    • Epupa
      • Epembe
[Søvite] Zimmermann, R., Brandmeier, M., Andreani, L., Mhopjeni, K., Gloaguen, R. (2016) Remote Sensing Exploration of Nb-Ta-LREE-Enriched Carbonatite (Epembe/Namibia). Remote Sensing, 8, 620.
  • ǁKaras Region
    • ǃNamiǂNûs Constituency
Reid, D. L., & Cooper, A. F. (1998, April). Carbonatite and silicate magmas at Dicker Willem, southern Namibia: their origin and source region characteristics. In International Kimberlite Conference: Extended Abstracts (Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 727-729).
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Nome
[Søvite] Nilsen, B. (1963): [No title]. Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p. 11
[Søvite] Bowen, N. L. (1926). Carbonate rocks of Fen area, Norway. American Journal of Science, (72), 499-502. Saether, E. (1957). The alkaline rock province of the Fen area in southern Norway. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter, 1, 1-150. Bjørlykke, H., & SviNNDAL, S. (1960). The carbonatite and per-alkaline rocks of the Fen area. Mining and exploration work. Geology of Norway, Norges Geol. Unders, 208, 105-110. Barth, T. F. W., & Ramberg, I. B. (1966). The Fen circular complex. In Carbonatites (pp. 225-257). Interscience New York, NY. Griffin, W. L. (1973). Lherzolite nodules from the Fen alkaline complex, Norway. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 38(2), 135-146. Mitchell, R. H., & Brunfelt, A. O. (1975). Rare earth element geochemistry of the Fen alkaline complex, Norway. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 52(4), 247-259. Deans, T. (1978). Mineral production from carbonatite complexes: a world review. In Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Carbonatites (pp. 123-133). Andersen, T. (1983): Iron ores in the Fen central complex, Telemark (S.Norway): Petrography, chemical evolution and conditions of equilibrium. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 63, 73-82 Verschure, R. H., Maijer, C., Andriessen, P. A. M., Boelrijk, N. A. I. M., Hebeda, E. H., Priem, H. N. A., & Verdurmen, E. T. (1983). Dating explosive volcanism perforating the Precambrian basement in southern Norway. Nor. Geol. Unders., 380, 35-49. Andersen, T. (1984). Secondary processes in carbonatites: petrology of “rødberg”(hematite-calcite-dolomite carbonatite) in the Fen central complex, Telemark (South Norway). Lithos, 17, 227-245. Berg, B. I. & Nordrum, F. S. (1985): Bergverk i Telemark. Del 1: Malmgruver. Telemark Historie. Tidsskrift for Telemark Historielag. 6: 16-35 (p.25) Andersen, T. (1986): Compositional variation of some rare earth minerals from the Fen complex (Telemark, SE Norway): implications for the mobility of rare earths in a carbonatite system. Mineralogical Magazine. 50: 503-509 Andersen, T., & Qvale, H. (1986). Pyroclastic mechanisms for carbonatite intrusion: Evidence from intrusives in the Fen central complex, SE Norway. The Journal of Geology, 94(5), 762-769. Kresten, P., & Morogan, V. (1986). Fenitization at the Fen complex, southern Norway. Lithos, 19(1), 27-42. Andersen, T. (1987). Mantle and crustal components in a carbonatite complex, and the evolution of carbonatite magma: REE and isotopic evidence from the Fen complex, southeast Norway. Chemical Geology: Isotope Geoscience section, 65(2), 147-166. Andersen, T., & Sundvoll, B. (1987). Strontium and neodymium isotopic composition of an early tinguaite (nepheline microsyenite) in the Fen complex, Telemark, Southeast Norway: Age and petrogenetic implications. Bulletin-Norges geologiske undersokelse, (409), 29-34. Andersen, T. (1988). Evolution of peralkaline calcite carbonatite magma in the Fen complex, southeast Norway. Lithos, 22(2), 99-112. Andersen, T., & Taylor, P. N. (1988). Pb isotope geochemistry of the Fen carbonatite complex, SE Norway: Age and petrogenetic implications. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52(1), 209-215. Andersen, T. (1989). Carbonatite-related contact metasomatism in the Fen complex, Norway: effects and petrogenetic implications. Mineralogical Magazine, 53(372), 395-414. Andersen, T., & Austrheim, H. (1991). Temperature-HF fugacity trends during crystallization of calcite carbonatite magma in the Fen complex, Norway. Mineralogical Magazine, 55(378), 81-94. Dahlgren, S. (1994). Late Proterozoic and Carboniferous ultramafic magmatism of carbonatitic affinity in southern Norway. Lithos, 31(3-4), 141-154. Meert, J. G., Torsvik, T. H., Eide, E. A., & Dahlgren, S. (1998). Tectonic significance of the Fen Province, S. Norway: constraints from geochronology and paleomagnetism. The Journal of geology, 106(5), 553-564. Verschure, R., & Maijer, C. O. R. N. E. L. I. S. (2005). A new Rb-Sr isotopic parameter for metasomatism,▵ t, and its application in a study of pluri-fenitised gneisses around the Fen ring complex, South Norway. Norges geologiske undersøkelse, Bulletin, 445, 45-71. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, 405-407.
[Søvite] Sæther, E. (1957) The alkaline rock province of the Fen area in southern Norway. Det Konglige Norske Videnskabsselskaps Skrifter 1957, 1, 150p (p. 51) ; Mitchell, R.H. (1980): Pyroxenes of the Fen alkaline complex, Norway. American Mineralogist. 65: 45-54
[Søvite] Hansen, S. K. (1991): Utkast til verneplan for Fensfeltet, Nome kommune. Rapport nr 14/91
[Søvite] Bjørlykke, H., & Svinndal, S. (1960). The carbonatite and per-alkaline rocks of the Fen area. Mining and exploration work. Geology of Norway, Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse, 208, 105-110.
[Søvite] Adamson, O. J. (1950) Report on the Columbium occurrence of the Fen region near Ulefoss i Southern Norway. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Bergarkivet. BA 1343. 34p [p. 8-9]
[Søvite] Dahlgren, S. (REE mineralization in the Fen Carbonatite Complex, Telemark, Norway - A world-class exploration target for the Hi-Tech and “Green-shift”. Industry Report from the Geological Advisor 1-2019. Buskerud Telemark Vestfold County Councils. 86pp
[Søvite] Adamson, O. J. (1950) Report on the Columbium occurrence of the Fen region near Ulefoss i Southern Norway. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Bergarkivet. BA 1343. 34p [p. 9-11]
  • Troms og Finnmark
    • Hasvik
[Søvite] Appleyard, E. C. (1965). A preliminary description of the geology of the Dønnesfjord area, Sørøy. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse, 231, 143-164. Appleyard, E. C. (1980). Mass balance computations in metasomatism: metagabbro/nepheline syenite pegmatite interaction in northern Norway. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 73(2), 131-144. Daly, J. S., Aitcheson, S. J., Cliff, R. A., Gayer, R. A., & Rice, A. H. N. (1991). Geochronological evidence from discordant plutons for a late Proterozoic orogen in the Caledonides of Finnmark, northern Norway. Journal of the Geological Society, 148(1), 29-40. Gresens, R. L. (1967). Composition-volume relationships of metasomatism. Chemical geology, 2, 47-65. Kirkland, C. L., Daly, J. S., & Whitehouse, M. J. (2005). Early Silurian magmatism and the Scandian evolution of the Kalak nappe complex, Finnmark, Arctic Norway. Journal of the Geological Society, 162(6), 985-1003. Speedyman, D. L. (1983). The Husfjord Plutonic Complex, Sørøy, Northern Norway. Norges geologiske undersøkelse, 378, 1-48. Roberts, R. J., Corfu, F., Torsvik, T. H., Hetherington, C. J., & Ashwal, L. D. (2010). Age of alkaline rocks in the Seiland igneous province, northern Norway. Journal of the Geological Society, 167(1), 71-81. Kirkland, C. L., Daly, J. S., & Whitehouse, M. J. (2006). Granitic magmatism of Grenvillian and late Neoproterozoic age in Finnmark, Arctic Norway—constraining pre-Scandian deformation in the Kalak Nappe Complex. Precambrian Research, 145(1-2), 24-52. Sturt, B. A. (1961). Preferred orientation of nepheline in deformed nepheline syenite gneisses from Soeroey, northern Norway. Geological Magazine, 98(6), 464-466. Sturt, B. A., & Ramsay, D. M. (1965). The alkaline complex of the Breivikbotn area, Sørøy, northern Norway (Vol. 231). Universitetsforlaget, pp. 1-142. Sturt, B. A., Miller, J. A., & Fitch, F. J. (1967). The age of alkaline rocks from west Finnmark, northern Norway, and their bearing on the dating of the Caledonian orogeny. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 47(3), 255-273. Sturt, B. A., Pringle, I. R., & Ramsay, D. M. (1978). The Finnmarkian phase of the Caledonian orogeny. Journal of the Geological Society, 135(6), 597-610.
[Søvite] Sturt, B. A., Miller, J. A., & Fitch, F. J. (1967). The age of alkaline rocks from west Finnmark, northern Norway, and their bearing on the dating of the Caledonian orogeny. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 47(3), 255-273.
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province
    • Khyber District
[Søvite] Jan, M. Q., Kamal, M., & Qureshi, A. Á. (1981). Petrography Of The Loe Shilman Carbonatite Gomplex, Khyber Agengy. Geol. Bull. Univ. Peshawar, 14, 29-43. Tilton, G. R., Bryce, J. G., & Mateen, A. (1998). Pb–Sr–Nd isotope data from 30 and 300 Ma collision zone carbonatites in northwest Pakistan. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 1865-1874. Mian, I., & Le Bas, M. J. (1987). The biotite-phlogopite series in fenites from the Loe Shilman carbonatite complex, NW Pakistan. Mineralogical Magazine, 51(361), 397-408.; Jan, M. Q., Kamal, M., & Qureshi, A. Á. (1981). Petrography Of The Loe Shilman Carbonatite Gomplex, Khyber Agengy. Geol. Bull. Univ. Peshawar, 14, 29-43. Tilton, G. R., Bryce, J. G., & Mateen, A. (1998). Pb–Sr–Nd isotope data from 30 and 300 Ma collision zone carbonatites in northwest Pakistan. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 1865-1874. Mian, I., & Le Bas, M. J. (1987). The biotite-phlogopite series in fenites from the Loe Shilman carbonatite complex, NW Pakistan. Mineralogical Magazine, 51(361), 397-408.
    • Malakand District
[Søvite] Le Bas, M. J., Mian, I., & Rex, D. C. (1987). Age and nature of carbonatite emplacement in North Pakistan. Geologische Rundschau, 76(2), 317-323. Butt, K. A., Arif, A. Z., Ahmed, J. A. M. I. L., Ahmed, A. B. I. D., & Qadir, A. H. M. E. D. (1989). Chemistry and petrography of the Sillai Patti carbonatite complex, North Pakistan. Geol. Bull. Univ. Peshawar, 22, 197-215.
Poland
 
  • Podlaskie Voivodeship
Specjalne, P. T. M. P. (2005) Fluid Inclusions and Cathodoluminescence of Fluorite from Carbonatites of the Tajno Massif, NE Poland. in Mineralogical Society of Poland – Special Papers; Volume 26, 2005
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
Ashchepkov, I.; Zhmodik, S.; Belyanin, D.; Kiseleva, O.N.; Medvedev, N.; Travin, A.; Yudin, D.; Karmanov, N.S.; Downes, H. (2020) Aillikites and Alkali Ultramafic Lamprophyres of the Beloziminsky Alkaline Ultrabasic-Carbonatite Massif: Possible Origin and Relations with Ore Deposits. Minerals 10, 404.
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Kononkova, N. N., & Klimovich, I. V. (2013). Uranium and thorium in carbonatitic minerals from the Guli massif, Polar Siberia. Geochemistry International, 51(10), 767-776.
Zaitsev, V. A., Aksenov, S. M., Rastsvetaeva, R. K., & Chukanov, N. V. (2017). Sr-rich Eudialyte Group Mineral (Cl-deficient Analogues of Taseqite) from Odikhincha Massif, Polar Siberia, Russia. In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 319-321).
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Northern Karelia
Zaitsev, A. N., Sitnikova, M. A., Subbotin, V. V., Fernández-Suárez, J., Jeffries, T. E., & Wall, F. (2004). Sallanlatvi complex—a rare example of magnesite and siderite carbonatites. Phoscorites and carbonatites from mantle to mine: the key example of the Kola Alkaline Province. Mineralogical Society, London, 201-245.
      • Vuoriyarvi alkaline-ultrabasic massif
Kalashnikov, A. O., Konopleva, N. G., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). Rare Earth Deposits of the Murmansk Region, Russia—A Review. Economic Geology, 111(7), 1529-1559.
Kozlov, E. N., Fomina, E. N., Mytsa, D. D., & Kirkin, V. V. (2017). Rare-earth carbonatites of the Vuori-Yarvi (Kola Region): First results of the study. In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 117-120).; Prokopyev, I.; Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Doroshkevich, A.; Dyomkin, M. (2020) Mineralogy and Fluid Regime of Formation of the REE-Late-Stage Hydrothermal Mineralization of Petyayan-Vara Carbonatites (Vuoriyarvi, Kola Region, NW Russia). Minerals 10, 405.
Kukharenko et aI., 1965; Kononova and Shanin, 1971; Orlova, 1959.
    • Turii Cape
Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Eastern Aldan
Shadenkov, Y. M. (1989). Metasomatic assemblages in wall rocks of the Ingili pluton, eastern Aldan. International Geology Review, 31(7), 697-706.
  • Tuva
Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
South Africa
 
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Pilanesberg Alkaline Ring Complex
[Søvite] Clarke, L. B. (1989). The Geology of the Kruidfontein Volcanic Complex Transvaal. S. Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Leicester).
Tanzania
 
  • Mbeya Region
    • Mbeya
Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Ukraine
 
  • Zaporizhia Oblast
    • Priazovske
Ryabchikov, I.D., Kogarko, L.N., Krivdik, S.G., and Ntaflos, T. (2008): Constraints of the Formation of Carbonatites in the Chernigovka Massif, Azov Region, Ukraine. Geology of Ore Deposits 50(6), 423-432.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Manicaland
    • Buhera District
      • Shawa complex
Walsh, K.L. and Harmer, R.E. (1997) Excursion guide: Alkaline igneous rocks of southeastern Zimbabwe. Geological Society of Zimbabwe conference field trip No. 5
 
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