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Carbonatite

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About CarbonatiteHide

An igneous rock containing more than 50% modal primary carbonate.

A carbonate rock of apparent magmatic origin, generally associated with kimberlites and alkalic rocks. Carbonatites have been variously explained as derived from magmatic melt, solid flow, hydrothermal solution, and gaseous transfer.


Classification of CarbonatiteHide

TRI__b07f3cf8174828b273721c1315ff35f5.png

Classification of carbonatites with SiO2 < 20%

Sub-divisions of CarbonatiteHide

Mineralogy of CarbonatiteHide

Non-essential minerals - these minerals are common, sometimes major components, but are not always present:
AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
CalciteCaCO3
DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Gregoryite(Na2,K2,Ca)CO3
NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
SideriteFeCO3

Age distributionHide

Recorded ages:
to Quaternary : 2436 ± 154 Ma to 0 Ma - based on 16 recorded ages.

References for CarbonatiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., & Zaitsev, A. N. (2016). Calcite and dolomite in intrusive carbonatites. I. Textural variations. Mineralogy and Petrology, 110(2-3), 333-360.
Simandl, G. J., & Paradis, S. (2018). Carbonatites: related ore deposits, resources, footprint, and exploration methods. Applied Earth Science, 127(4), 123-152.

Internet Links for CarbonatiteHide

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-48019.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for CarbonatiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Ghazni
Vikhter, B. Y., Yeremenko, G. K., & Chmyrev, V. M. (1976). A young volcanogenic carbonatite complex in Afghanistan. International Geology Review, 18(11), 1305-1312.
  • Helmand
    • Dushan District
      • Khanneshin complex
Vikhter, B. Y., Yeremenko, G. K., & Chmyrev, V. M. (1976). A young volcanogenic carbonatite complex in Afghanistan. International Geology Review, 18(11), 1305-1312. Mars, J. C., & Rowan, L. C. (2011). ASTER spectral analysis and lithologic mapping of the Khanneshin carbonatite volcano, Afghanistan. Geosphere, 7(1), 276-289.
  • Nangarhar
    • Khogyani District
      • Spin Ghar range (Speen Ghar range)
Kempe, D. R. C., & Jan, M. Q. (1980). The Peshawar plain alkaline igneous province, NW Pakistan. University of Peshawar. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar, 13, 71-77
Angola
 
  • Huambo Province
    • Bailundo City Council
Castellano Calvo A, Melgarejo Draper J C, Kamenetsky V, Kamenetsky M (2014) Natrocarbonatite composition of melt inclusions from Bailundo and Longonjo carbonatites (Angola). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 249
    • Londuimbali City Council
Amores-Casals, S.; Gonçalves, A.O.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Molist, J.M. (2020) Nb and REE Distribution in the Monte Verde Carbonatite–Alkaline–Agpaitic Complex (Angola). Minerals 10, 5.
    • Longonjo City Council
Castellano Calvo A, Melgarejo Draper J C, Kamenetsky V, Kamenetsky M (2014) Natrocarbonatite composition of melt inclusions from Bailundo and Longonjo carbonatites (Angola). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 249
  • Huíla Province
    • Lubango City Council
ZHENG, L., GU, X., & ZHANG, Y. (2014). Pyrochlore Chemistry from the Bonga Carbonatite-type Nb Deposit, Huila Province, Angola: Implications for Magmatic-Hydrothermal Processes of Carbonatite. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 40, 205-226.; Amores Casals S, Bambi A C J M, Gonçalves A O, Melgarejo J C (2014) Mineral chemistry of pyrochlore from the Bonga Carbonatite (Huila, Angola). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 195; Amores-Casals, S., Melgarejo, J. C., Bambi, A., Gonçalves, A. O., Morais, E. A., Manuel, J., ... & Molist, J. M. (2019). Lamprophyre-Carbonatite Magma Mingling and Subsolidus Processes as Key Controls on Critical Element Concentration in Carbonatites—The Bonga Complex (Angola). Minerals, 9(10), 601.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Halls Creek Shire
      • Lamboo Station
        • Mount Dockrell pegmatites (Mount Dockerell)
[Dolomite-carbonatite] Downes, P. J., Dunkley, D. J., Fletcher, I. R., McNaughton, N. J., Rasmussen, B., Jaques, A. L., ... & Sweetapple, M. T. (2016). Zirconolite, zircon and monazite-(Ce) U-Th-Pb age constraints on the emplacement, deformation and alteration history of the Cummins Range Carbonatite Complex, Halls Creek Orogen, Kimberley region, Western Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 110(2-3), 199-222.
    • Laverton Shire
      • Mount Weld Station
Fetherston, J.M. (2004), Tantalum in Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 22, GSWA, 02 April 2004
    • Wyndham-East Kimberley Shire
      • Kachana Station
Alvin, M. P., Dunphy, J. M., & Groves, D. I. (2004) Nature and genesis of a carbonatite-associated fluorite deposit at Speewah, East Kimberley region, Western Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 80(3-4), 127-153.
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba
    • Ayopaya Province
[Ferrocarbonatite] Federico Ahlfeld
      • Independencia
[Ferrocarbonatite] Field observations by Dr Jaroslav Hyrsl and Alfredo Petrov.
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Campo Alegre de Lourdes
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Goiás
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name; Bilal, E., De Mello, F. M., Soubiès, F., & Bounakhla, M. (2012). REE minerals in Catalão II, Goias, Brazil. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, 85(1), 14-18.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Araxá
      • Barreiro
Gomide, C. S. (2015). Geoquímica e química mineral de carbonatitos e isótopos estáveis em carbonatitos da província ígnea do alto Paranaíba. PhD thesis University of Brasilia
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Caldas
        • Campo do Cercado
Waber, N., Schorscher, H. D., & Peters, T. (1992). Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45(1-3), 53-112.
    • Serra do Salitre
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Paraná
    • Cerro Azul
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Lavras do Sul
https://mining-atlas.com/project/Tres-Estradas-Phosphate-Mine-Project.php
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
Melcher, G. C. (1965). O carbonatito de Jacupiranga. Boletim da Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras, Universidade de São Paulo. Geologia, (21), 5-70.
    • Itapirapuã Paulista
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Registro
Automatically generated from locality name
Burundi
 
  • Kayanza Province
    • Matongo
http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn1523
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
Caudle, D. (2016). Mineralogy, geochemistry, and geochronology of the KIN property pegmatites in eastern British Columbia (Masters dissertation, University of British Columbia).
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Blue River carbonatites
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Mansoon Lakes
BC Minfile
      • Wicheeda Lake
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Manitoba
    • Thompson Nickel Belt
Chakhmouradian, A. R., Couëslan, C. G., & Reguir, E. P. (2009). Evidence for carbonatite magmatism at Paint Lake, Manitoba (parts of NTS 63O8, 63P5, 12). Report of Activities, 118-126.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mazenod Lake District
Orris, G. J., & Grauch, R. I. (2002). Rare earth element mines, deposits and occurrences (Open file report 2-189). US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
    • Yellowknife Pegmatite field
Northern Mineral Showings Database, NWT Geoscience Office.
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • McMurray Township
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Cochrane District
      • Moosonee Town
Automatically generated from locality name
      • South of Ridge Lake Area
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Kenora District
      • Carb Lake Area
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Nipissing District
      • Strathcona Township
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Sudbury District
      • Lackner Township
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Killala Lake Area
Automatically generated from locality name
      • O'Meara Township
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Argenteuil RCM
Automatically generated from locality name
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
Chen, W., Kamenetsky, V. S., & Simonetti, A. (2013). Evidence for the alkaline nature of parental carbonatite melts at Oka complex in Canada. Nature communications, 4, ncomms3687.
    • Nord-du-Québec
Automatically generated from locality name
      • Nunavik
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • Chelsea
Hogarth, D. D. (2016). Chemical trends in the Meech Lake, Québec, carbonatites and fenites. The Canadian Mineralogist, 54(5), 1105-1128.
    • Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean
      • Le Fjord-du-Saguenay RCM
        • Saint-Honoré
Automatically generated from locality name
China
 
  • Fujian
    • Nanping
      • Pucheng County
Bai, G. & Yuan, Z. (1985). Carbonatites and related mineral resources. Bull. Inst. Miner. Deposits Chin. Acad. Geol. Sci., 13, 1-193. Su, Y. 1997. Geological characteristics and discussion of genesis of Yangdun P-Fe-Nb REE ore deposit, Fujian Province, China. Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research, 12 (2), 1-20. Yang, Z., & Woolley, A. (2006). Carbonatites in China: a review. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(5), 559-575. Zhang, M., Suddaby, P., Thompson, R. N., Thirlwall, M. F., & Menzies, M. A. (1995). Potassic volcanic rocks in NE China: geochemical constraints on mantle source and magma genesis. Journal of Petrology, 36(5), 1275-1303.
  • Guangxi
    • Nanning
      • Heng County
Deng, X. & Cheng, Z. 2002. Discovery of metasomatic carbonatite and its significance in Mashan alkaline complex, Guangxi. Earth Science Frontiers, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, 9, 216.
  • Hubei
    • Shiyan
      • Shennongjia Forest District
Automatically generated from locality name; Shi, L. (1991). GEOCHEMISTRY AND PETROGENESIS OF THE SHAXIONG-DONG CARBONATITE COMPLEX, HUBEI PROVINCE [J]. Geochimica, 3, 245-254. Xu, Y. G., Luo, Z. Y., Huang, X. L., He, B., Xiao, L., Xie, L. W., & Shi, Y. R. (2008). Zircon U–Pb and Hf isotope constraints on crustal melting associated with the Emeishan mantle plume. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72(13), 3084-3104.
      • Zhushan Co.
Automatically generated from locality name; Li, S. (1982). Geochemical features and petrogenesis of Miaoya carbonatites, Hubei Province. Geochemistry, 1(4), 409-420. Xu, C., Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A. R., Li, X., & Song, W. (2015). A case example of the importance of multi-analytical approach in deciphering carbonatite petrogenesis in South Qinling orogen: Miaoya rare-metal deposit, central China. Lithos, 227, 107-121. Xu, C., Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A. R., Campbell, I. H., & Allen, C. M. (2010). Trace-element modeling of the magmatic evolution of rare-earth-rich carbonatite from the Miaoya deposit, Central China. Lithos, 118(1-2), 145-155. Yang, Z., & Woolley, A. (2006). Carbonatites in China: a review. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(5), 559-575.
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Alxa League (Alashan Prefecture)
      • Alxa Right Banner (Alashan Youqi)
Zhang, M., Suddaby, P., Thompson, R. N., Thirlwall, M. F., & Menzies, M. A. (1995). Potassic volcanic rocks in NE China: geochemical constraints on mantle source and magma genesis. Journal of Petrology, 36(5), 1275-1303. Bai, G. & Yuan, Z. (1985). Carbonatites and related mineral resources. Bull. Inst. Miner. Deposits Chin. Acad. Geol. Sci., 13, 1-193.
    • Baotou City (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
Campbell, L. S., Compston, W., Sircombe, K. N., & Wilkinson, C. C. (2014). Zircon from the East Orebody of the Bayan Obo Fe–Nb–REE deposit, China, and SHRIMP ages for carbonatite-related magmatism and REE mineralization events. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(2), 1041-1063. Chao, E. C. T., Back, J. M., Minkin, J. A., Tatsumoto, M., Wen, W. J., Conrad, J. E., ... & Huang, S. G. (1997). US Geological Survey Bulletin 2143: The sedimentary carbonate-hosted giant Bayan Obo REE-Fe-Nb ore deposit of Inner Mongolia, China: A cornerstone example for giant polymetallic ore deposits of hydrothermal origin. United States Geological Survey, Bulletin, 2143. Drew, L. J., Qingrun, M., & Weijun, S. (1990). The Bayan Obo iron-rare-earth-niobium deposits, Inner Mongolia, China. Lithos, 26(1-2), 43-65. Fan, H. R., Hu, F. F., Yang, K. F., & Wang, K. Y. (2006). Fluid unmixing/immiscibility as an ore-forming process in the giant REE–Nb–Fe deposit, Inner Mongolian, China: evidence from fluid inclusions. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 89(1-3), 104-107. Yang, K. F., Fan, H. R., Santosh, M., Hu, F. F., & Wang, K. Y. (2011). Mesoproterozoic carbonatitic magmatism in the Bayan Obo deposit, Inner Mongolia, North China: constraints for the mechanism of super accumulation of rare earth elements. Ore Geology Reviews, 40(1), 122-131.
  • Shaanxi
    • Shangluo
      • Luonan County
Guo, X. 1989. The geological features and the genesis of the Dashigou ultrabasic rock-carbonatite impurity rock bodies in Huxian County, Shaanxi. Geology of Shaanxi, 7, 42-51.
    • Weinan
      • Huayin City
Huang, D. H., Wang, Y. C., Nie, F. J., & Jiang, X. J. (1984). Isotopic composition of sulfur, carbon and oxygen and source material of the Huanglongpu carbonatite vein-type of molybdenum (lead) deposits. Acta Geologica Sinica, 58(3), 252-264. Huang, D. H., Wang, Y. C., Nie, F. J., & Jiang, X. J. (1985). A NEW TYPE OF MOLYBDENUM DEPOSIT-GEOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND METALLOGENIC MECHANISM OF THE HUANGLONGPU CARBONATITE VEIN-TYPE OF MOLYBDENUM (LEAD) DEPOSIT, SHAAXI. Acta geologica sinica, 59(3), 241-257.; Huang, D. H., Wang, Y. C., Nie, F. J., & Jiang, X. J. (1984). Isotopic composition of sulfur, carbon and oxygen and source material of the Huanglongpu carbonatite vein-type of molybdenum (lead) deposits. Acta Geologica Sinica, 58(3), 252-264. Huang, D. H., Wang, Y. C., Nie, F. J., & Jiang, X. J. (1985). A NEW TYPE OF MOLYBDENUM DEPOSIT-GEOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND METALLOGENIC MECHANISM OF THE HUANGLONGPU CARBONATITE VEIN-TYPE OF MOLYBDENUM (LEAD) DEPOSIT, SHAAXI. Acta geologica sinica, 59(3), 241-257.
  • Shandong
    • Jining
      • Weishan County
Jingxiang, T., Ritian, Z., Yuechun, F., Xiuzhang, L., Hongyan, X., & Bingying, W. (2002). Geological characteristics and relation with rare earth elements of alkalic complex in Chishan of Shandong Province. Land Resour Shandong Province, 18(1), 21-25.; Jia, Y.-H.; Liu, Y. (2020) REE Enrichment during Magmatic–Hydrothermal Processes in Carbonatite-Related REE Deposits: A Case Study of the Weishan REE Deposit, China. Minerals 10, 25.
    • Laiwu
      • Gangcheng District
Ying, J., Zhou, X., & Zhang, H. (2004). Geochemical and isotopic investigation of the Laiwu–Zibo carbonatites from western Shandong Province, China, and implications for their petrogenesis and enriched mantle source. Lithos, 75(3-4), 413-426.
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.69; Goto, A., Fujimaki, H., Morikiyo, T., & LIU, J. (2004). Finding dolomitic melnoite diatreme at Badou in the Laiwu–Zibo area, Shandong province, China. Proceedings of the Japan Academy, Series B, 80(6), 269-275.
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Shanxi
    • Datong
      • Pingcheng District
Shao, J. A., Zhang, Y. B., Zhang, L. Q., Mu, B. L., Wang, P. Y., & Guo, F. (2003). Early Mesozoic dike swarms of carbonatites and lamprophyres in Datong area. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 19(1), 93-104. Yang, Z., & Woolley, A. (2006). Carbonatites in China: a review. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(5), 559-575.
    • Lüliang
      • Xing County
Ying, J., Zhang, H., Sun, M., Tang, Y., Zhou, X., & Liu, X. (2007). Petrology and geochemistry of Zijinshan alkaline intrusive complex in Shanxi Province, western North China Craton: implication for magma mixing of different sources in an extensional regime. Lithos, 98(1-4), 45-66. Yang, Z., & Woolley, A. (2006). Carbonatites in China: a review. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(5), 559-575.
  • Sichuan
    • Liangshan
      • Dechang County
Liu, Y., Zhu, Z., Chen, C., Zhang, S., Sun, X., Yang, Z., & Liang, W. (2015). Geochemical and mineralogical characteristics of weathered ore in the Dalucao REE deposit, Mianning–Dechang REE Belt, western Sichuan Province, southwestern China. Ore Geology Reviews, 71, 437-456.
  • Xinjiang
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
      • Baicheng Co. (Bay Co.)
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Lopnur Co. (Yuli Co.; Weili Co.)
Yang, Z., & Woolley, A. (2006). Carbonatites in China: a review. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(5), 559-575. Ye, H. M., Li, X. H., & Lan, Z. W. (2013). Geochemical and Sr–Nd–Hf–O–C isotopic constraints on the origin of the Neoproterozoic Qieganbulake ultramafic–carbonatite complex from the Tarim Block, Northwest China. Lithos, 182, 150-164. Zhang, C. L., Li, X. H., Li, Z. X., Lu, S. N., Ye, H. M., & Li, H. M. (2007). Neoproterozoic ultramafic–mafic-carbonatite complex and granitoids in Quruqtagh of northeastern Tarim Block, western China: geochronology, geochemistry and tectonic implications. Precambrian Research, 152(3-4), 149-169.
    • Kashi Prefecture (Kashgar Prefecture; Qeshqer Prefecture)
      • Bachu Co. (Maralbexi Co.; Maralbeshi Co.)
Bai, G. (1985). Carbonatites and related mineral resources. Bull. Inst. Miner. Deposits Chin. Acad. Geol. Sci., 13, 107-140. Cao, J., Wang, C. Y., Xing, C. M., & Xu, Y. G. (2014). Origin of the early Permian Wajilitag igneous complex and associated Fe–Ti oxide mineralization in the Tarim large igneous province, NW China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 84, 51-68. Cheng, Z., Zhang, Z., Hou, T., Santosh, M., Zhang, D., & Ke, S. (2015). Petrogenesis of nephelinites from the Tarim Large Igneous Province, NW China: Implications for mantle source characteristics and plume–lithosphere interaction. Lithos, 220, 164-178. Li, C. N., Lu, F. X., & Chen, M. H. (2001). Research on petrology of the Wajilitag complex body in north edge in the Tarim Basin. Xinjiang Geology, 19(1), 38-43. Yang, Z., & Woolley, A. (2006). Carbonatites in China: a review. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(5), 559-575.
  • Yunnan
    • Chuxiong
      • Yuanmou County
Bai, G., Yuan Z. (1985). Carbonatites and related mineral resources. Bull. Inst. Miner. Deposits Chin. Acad. Geol. Sci., 13, 1-193. Chengyan, Z. Y. W. H. X., & Qirong, W. (1996). DISCOVERY AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE CARBONATITE OF KUNYANG GROUP IN THE CENTRAL OF YUNNAN [J]. GEOLOGICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION, 15, 14-18. Yongbei, Z., Guilan, W., Jianfeng, N., Chongshun, Z., Chengyan, X., Jiaxiang, Q., & Hao, W. (2003). Isotopic ages of the carbonatitic volcanic rocks in the Kunyang rift zone in central Yunnan, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 77(2), 204-211. Zhang, Y., Sun, S., Xu, C., Wang, H., Zhao, C., & Zhu, Z. (2003). Carbonatitic Volcanic Genesis of Hetaoqing Fe‐Cu Deposit in Central Yunnan, China. Resource Geology, 53, 1-13.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Qeqqata
      • Isortoq Fjord (Søndre Isortoq)
        • Sarfartoq region
Automatically generated from locality name
      • Maniitsoq Island
        • Maniitsoq
          • Qaqqaarsuk (Qaqarssuk)
Automatically generated from locality name
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
    • Beni Territory
      • Bashu
Automatically generated from locality name; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE— database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database [http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1139/].
    • Rutshuru Territiory
      • Bwito
[Calcite-carbonatite] Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
Automatically generated from locality name
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Nordsachsen
      • Storkwitz
Automatically generated from locality name
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • East Godavari
Rao, Y. J., & Murthy, I. S. N. (1973). On the occurrence of carbonatites in the Vinayakapuram-Kunavaram Nepheline syenite band, Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh. Geological Society of India, 14(4), 431-433.; Bose, M. K., Chakravarti, S., & Sarkar, A. (1971). Petrological observations on alkali syenites of Kunavaram, AP, India. Geological Magazine, 108(4), 273-280. Rao, Y. J., & Murthy, I. S. N. (1973). On the occurrence of carbonatites in the Vinayakapuram-Kunavaram Nepheline syenite band, Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh. Geological Society of India, 14(4), 431-433. Jayaram, M. S., Devendranath, T., & Sarma, S. R. (1972). The nepheline syenite belt of Khammam District, Andhra Pradesh. Geological Society of India, 13(4), 418-420. Subbarao, K. V. (1971). The Kunavaram Series—A Group of Alkaline Rocks, Khammam Distric, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Petrology, 12(3), 621-641.
    • Guntur District
Bhaskar, D. V., & Thimmaiah, M. (1997). Occurrence of carbonatite at Chintalacheruvu, Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50(5), 641-644.
    • Nellore District
Vasudevan, D., Rao, T.M. & Reddy, C.K. 1977. A note on the occurrence of carbonatite in the Nellur schist belt, near Vinjamur, Udayagiri Taluk, A.P. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 18, 515-518. Kumar, A., Srinivasan, R., Gopalan, K., & Patil, D.J. 1992. Reply. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 42, 305-307. Subbarao, K. V., Bhaskar, R., & Le Bas, M. J. (1995). Are the Vinjamur rocks carbonatites or meta-limestones?. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 46(2), 125-137.
    • Prakasam District
Madhavan, V., & Leelanandam, C. (1988). Petrology of the Elchuru alkaline pluton, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 31(6), 535-537. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Madhavan, V., Mallikharjuna Rao, J., SUBRAHMANYAM K, K. S., & LEELANANDAM, C. (1989). Bedrock geology of the Elchuru alkaline pluton, Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh. Geol. Soc. India Memoir, 15, 189-205. Madhavan, V., MALLIKHARJUNA, R., Balaram, V., & Kumar, R. (1992). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of lamprophyres and associated dykes from Elchuru, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 40(2), 135-149. Nag, S., Chakravorty, P. S., Smith, T. E., & Huang, C. H. (1984). The petrology and geochemistry of intrusive alkaline rocks of Elchuru, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Geological Journal, 19(1), 57-76. Subba Rao, T. V., Bhaskar Rao, Y. J., Sivaraman, T. V., & Gopalan, K. (1989). Rb-Sr age and petrology of the Elchuru Alkaline Complex: implications to alkaline magmatism in the Eastern Ghat Mobile Belt. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 207-223. Upadhyay, D., Raith, M. M., Mezger, K., & Hammerschmidt, K. (2006). Mesoproterozoic rift-related alkaline magmatism at Elchuru, Prakasam alkaline province, SE India. Lithos, 89(3-4), 447-477.
  • Assam
    • East Karbi Anglong District
      • Samchampi-Samteran alkaline igneous complex
Kumar, D., Mamallan, R., Saravanan, B., Jain, S. K., & Krishnamurthy, P. (1989). Petrology and geochemistry of the Samchampi alkaline carbonatite complex, Mikir Hills, Assam, India. Exploration and Research of Atomic Minerals, 2, 183-199. Nag, S., Sengupta, S. K., Gaur, R. K., & Absar, A. (1999). Alkaline rocks of Samchampi-Samteran, District Karbi-Anglong, Assam, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 108(1), 33-48.
    • West Karbi Anglong District
Heaman, L. M., Srivastava, R. K., & Sinha, A. K. (2002). A precise U–Pb zircon/baddeleyite age for the Jasra igneous complex, Karbi–Analong District, Assam, NE India. Current Science, 744-748. Kumar, D., Mamallan, R., & Dwivedy, K. K. (1996). Carbonatite magmatism in northeast India. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 13(2), 145-158. Melluso, L., Srivastava, R. K., Guarino, V., Zanetti, A., & Sinha, A. K. (2010). Mineral compositions and petrogenetic evolution of the ultramafic-alkaline–carbonatitic complex of Sung Valley, northeastern India. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(1), 205-229. Srivastava, R. K., & Sinha, A. K. (2004). Geochemistry of Early Cretaceous alkaline ultramafic-mafic complex from Jasra, Karbi Anglong, Shillong plateau, northeastern India. Gondwana Research, 7(2), 549-561. Srivastava, R. K., & Sinha, A. K. (2007). Nd and Sr isotope systematics and geochemistry of a plume-related Early Cretaceous alkaline-mafic-ultramafic igneous complex from Jasra, Shillong Plateau, northeastern India. SPECIAL PAPERS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, 430, 815-830.
  • Gujarat
    • Chhota Udaipur District
Viladkar, S. G. (2015). Mineralogy and geochemistry of fenitized nephelinites of the Amba Dongar complex, Gujarat. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85(1), 87-97.; Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291.; Chandra, J., Paul, D., Viladkar, S. G., & Sensarma, S. (2018). Origin of the Amba Dongar carbonatite complex, India and its possible linkage with the Deccan Large Igneous Province. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 463(1), 137-169.; Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1972). Metaso-matic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and earbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India: Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions, v. 81, p. Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1973). Discussion and contributions: Metasomatic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Inst. Mining Metall. Trans, 82, 33-40. Notholt, A. J. G., Highley, D. E., & Deans, T. (1990). Economic minerals in carbonatites and associated alkaline igneous rocks. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions. Section B. Applied Earth Science, 99. Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291. Srivastava, R. K. (1994). Petrology, petrochemistry and genesis of the alkaline rocks associated with the Ambadungar Carbonatite Complex, Baroda district, Gujarat, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 23-23. Viladkar, S. G. (1981). The carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 17-28. Viladkar, S. G. (1984). Alkaline rocks associated with the carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat, India. Indian Mineral, 130-135. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135.
Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.
Sethna, S. F., SF, S., & SM, B. (1981). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 417-425. Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Sukheswala, R. N., & Borges, S. M. (1975). The carbonatite-injected sandstones of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat. Indian Jour. Earth Sci, 2(1), 1-10.
    • Kutch District
      • Bhuj Taluka
Karkare, S.G., Kumar, S. & Srivastava, R.K. 1991. Evolution of the island chain of Kutch and role of rift magmatism and autonomous activization. Journal of Scientific Research, Banares Hindu University, 41B, 163-175.
  • Kerala
    • Idukki district
Nair, N. G. K., Santosh, M., & Thampi, P. K. (1984). Alkali granite-syenite-carbonatite association in Munnar Kerala, India; implications for rifting, alkaline magmatism and liquid immiscibility. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 93(2), 149-158.
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Alirajpur District
Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Hari, K. R., Kumar, M. S., Santosh, M., & Rai, S. K. (1998). Petrology, geochemistry and stable isotope studies of carbonate-rich dyke-like bodies, Chhaktalao area, Madhya Pradesh. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 52(5), 591-595. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., LeBase, M. J., Bonin, B., Batemen, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of Terms.
  • Maharashtra
    • Raigad District
Sethna, S. F., & D’Sa, C. P. (1991). Occurrence of ijolite with veinlets of carbonatite in the Deccan Trap at Murud-Janjira, Maharashtra, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 37, 257-263. Dessai, A. G., & Viegas, A. (2010). Petrogenesis of alkaline rocks from Murud-Janjira, in the Deccan Traps, western India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 98(1-4), 297-311. Melluso, L., Sethna, S. F., d’Antonio, M., Javeri, P., & Bennio, L. (2002). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of sodic and potassic mafic alkaline rocks in the Deccan Volcanic Province, Mumbai area (India). Mineralogy and Petrology, 74(2-4), 323-342. Dessai, A. G., Rock, N., Griffin, B. J., & Gupta, D. (1990). Mineralogy and petrology of some xenolith-bearing alkaline dykes associated with Deccan magmatism, south of Bombay, India. European Journal of Mineralogy, 667-686.
  • Meghalaya
    • East Khasi Hills District
Melluso, L., Srivastava, R. K., Guarino, V., Zanetti, A., & Sinha, A. K. (2010). Mineral compositions and petrogenetic evolution of the ultramafic-alkaline–carbonatitic complex of Sung Valley, northeastern India. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(1), 205-229.; Krishnamurthy, P. (1985). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated rocks of Sung Valley, Jaintia hills district, Meghalaya, India. Journal of The Geological Society of India, 26(6), 361-379. Sen, A. K. (1999). Origin of the Sung Valley carbonatite complex, Meghalaya, India: major element geochemistry constraints. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 53(3), 285-297.
    • West Khasi Hills District
RAGHAVAN NAMBIAR, A. (1987). Alkaline magmatism in parts of West Khasi Hills and East Garo Hills district, Meghalaya. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 115(3-4), 25-44. Ray, J. S., Ramesh, R., & Pande, K. (1999). Carbon isotopes in Kerguelen plume-derived carbonatites: evidence for recycled inorganic carbon. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 170(3), 205-214. Sarkar, A., Datta, A. K., Poddar, B. C., Bhattacharyya, B. K., Kollapuri, V. K., & Sanwal, R. (1996). Geochronological studies of Mesozoic igneous rocks from eastern India. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 13(2), 77-81.
  • Rajasthan
    • Barmer District
Chandrasekaran, V., & Chawade, M. P. (1990). Carbonatites of Barmer district, Rajasthan. Indian Minerals, 44(4), 315-324.
Bhushan, S. K. (2015). Geology of the Kamthai rare earth deposit. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85(5), 537-546.
    • Jaipur district
      • Sikar District
Basu, S. K., & Narsayya, B. L. (1982). Note on a zone of probable carbonatite-alkali metasomatic rock associotion in the eastern part of Khetri copper belt, Northeastern Rajasthan. Indian Minerals, 36(1), 29-31. Saxena, M. N., Gupta, L. N., & CHAUDHRI, N. (1984). Carbonatite dikes in Dhanota-Dhancholi hills, Narnaul, Haryana. Current science, 53(12), 651-652.
    • Jodhpur district
      • Sirohi district
Subrahmanyam, N. P., & Rao, G. V. D. (1977). Petrography, geochemistry and origin of the carbonatite veins of Mer pluton, Mundwara igneous complex, Rajasthan. Geological Society of India, 18(7), 306-322. LE-BAS, M. J., & Srivastava, R. K. (1989). The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Mundwara carbonatite dykes, Sirohi District, Rajasthan, India. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie. Abhandlungen, (2), 207-227. Subrahmanyam, N. P., & Leelanandam, C. (1991). Geochemistry and petrology of the cumulophyric layered suite of rocks from the Toa pluton of the Mundwara alkali igneous complex, Rajasthan. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 38(4), 397-411. Narayan Das, G.R., Sharma, C.V. & Navaneetham, K.V. 1982. Carbonate-alkaline Complex of Mundwara. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 23, 604-609.
    • Udaipur Division
      • Udaipur District
        • Udaipur
Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1986). Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Newania carbonatite-fenite complex, Rajasthan, India. Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Abh, 156, 1-21. Viladkar, S. G. (1980). The fenitized aureole of the Newania carbonatite, Rajasthan. Geological Magazine, 117(3), 285-292.
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Chennai district
      • Coimbatore District
Anantharamu, T. R., RAO, K., MANJUNATHA, AHMED, S., PRASAD, T., REDDY, T., ... & SUGAVANAM, E. (1995). CARBONATITE AROUND AJJIPURAM, KOLLEGAL TALUK, KARNATAKA. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 46(6), 663-668.
    • Krishnagiri District
Natarajana, M., Rao, B. B., Parthasarathy, R., Kumar, A., & Gopalan, K. (1994). 2.0 ga old pyroxenite-carbonatite complex of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, south India. Precambrian Research, 65(1-4), 167-181. Srinivasan, V. (1977). The carbonatite of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, South India. Geological Society of India, 18(11), 598-604.
Ackerman, L., Magna, T., Rapprich, V., Upadhyay, D., Krátký, O., Čejková, B., ... & Hrstka, T. (2017). Contrasting petrogenesis of spatially related carbonatites from Samalpatti and Sevattur, Tamil Nadu, India. Lithos, 284, 257-275.
Ackerman, L., Magna, T., Rapprich, V., Upadhyay, D., Krátký, O., Čejková, B., ... & Hrstka, T. (2017). Contrasting petrogenesis of spatially related carbonatites from Samalpatti and Sevattur, Tamil Nadu, India. Lithos, 284, 257-275.
    • Salem District
      • Sankari Taluka
Rao, C. S., Das, G. N., Setty, B. K., & Perumal, N. V. A. S. (1978). Radioactive Carbonatites of Pakkanadu and Mulakkadu, Salem District, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 19(2), 53-63.
    • Theni District
Balakrishnan, P., & BHATTACHARYA, S. (1985). Carbonatite body near Kambammettu, Tamil Nadu. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 26(6), 418-421.
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Tirunelveli District
Ramasamy, R. (1996). Carbonatite dykes from Kudangulam area, near Cape Comorin, Tamil Nadu. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 48(2), 221-226.
    • Vellore District
      • Tiruppattur
Mukhopadhyay, S., Ray, J., Chattopadhyay, B., Sengupta, S., Ghosh, B., & Mukhopadhyay, S. (2011). Significance of mineral chemistry of syenites and associated rocks of Elagiri Complex, Southern Granulite Terrane of the Indian Shield. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 77(2), 113-129.
  • West Bengal
    • Purulia District
Automatically generated from locality name
Chakrabarty, A., & Sen, A. K. (2010). Enigmatic association of the carbonatite and alkali-pyroxenite along the Northern Shear Zone, Purulia, West Bengal: a saga of primary magmatic carbonatite. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 76(4), 403-413. Chakrabarty, A., Sen, A. K., & Ghosh, T. K. (2009). Amphibole—a key indicator mineral for petrogenesis of the Purulia carbonatite, West Bengal, India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(1-2), 105-112. Ghosh Roy, A. K., & Sengupta, P. R. (1993). Alkalic-carbonatitic magmatism and associated mineralisation along the Porapahar-Tamar lineament in the Proterozoic of Purulia District, West Bengal. Indian journal of earth sciences, 20(3-4), 193-200.
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.99
Ireland
 
  • Leinster
    • Co. Meath
      • Navan (An Uaimh)
        • Navan Mine (Tara Mine)
[Calcite-carbonatite] Yesares, L.; Drummond, D.A.; Hollis, S.P.; Doran, A.L.; Menuge, J.F.; Boyce, A.J.; Blakeman, R.J.; Ashton, J.H. (2019) Coupling Mineralogy, Textures, Stable and Radiogenic Isotopes in Identifying Ore-Forming Processes in Irish-Type Carbonate-Hosted Zn–Pb Deposits. Minerals 9, 335.
Italy
 
  • Umbria
    • Perugia Province
      • Spoleto
Wheeler, S., Spigarelli, S., Stoppa, F., & Rinaldi, R. (1996). Secondary minerals from the igneous complex of Colle Fabbri, Spoleto (PG). Plinius, 16(2), 1.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Akmola Region
    • Zerendy
Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
Kenya
 
  • Homa Bay County
Onuonga, I.O., Bowden, P. (2000) Hot-spring and supergene lanthanide mineralization at the Buru carbonatite centre, Western Kenya. Mineralogical magazine, 64:4, 663-673. ; Woolley, A. R. (1987). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Automatically generated from locality name
Rosatelli, G., Wall, F., Le Bas, M.J. (2003) Potassic glass and calcite carbonatite in lapilli from extrusive carbonatites at Rangwa Caldera Complex, Kenya. Mineralogical Magazine, 67:5, 931-955.
  • Kwale County
Coetzee, G.L., Edwards, C.B. (1959) The Mrima Hill Carbonatite, Coast Province, Kenya. South African Journal of Geology, 62:1, 373-397.
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Region
    • Zeravshan range
Vrublevskii, V. V., Morova, A. A., Bukharova, O. V., & Konovalenko, S. I. (2017). Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Triassic Carbonatites in the Matcha Alkaline Intrusive Complex (Turkestan-Alai Ridge, Kyrgyz Southern Tien Shan), SW Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences.; Vrublevskii, V. V. (2017, December). Origin of carbonatites of the Matcha alkaline pluton from Turkestan-Alai ridge, Kyrgyz Southern Tien Shan. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 110, No. 1, p. 012023). IOP Publishing.; Vrublevskii, V. V., Morova, A. A., Bukharova, O. V., & Konovalenko, S. I. (2018). Mineralogy and geochemistry of triassic carbonatites in the Matcha alkaline intrusive complex (Turkestan-Alai Ridge, Kyrgyz Southern Tien Shan), SW Central Asian orogenic belt. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 153, 252-281.
Malawi
 
  • Southern Region
    • Phalombe
Sam Broom-Fendley, Aoife E. Brady, Frances Wall, Gus Gunn, William Dawes (2017): REE minerals at the Songwe Hill carbonatite, Malawi: HREE-enrichment in late-stage apatite. Ore Geology Reviews, 81, 23-41.
    • Zomba
Dowman, E., Wall, F., Treloar, P. J., Rankin, A. H., & Corkhill, C. (2017). Rare-earth mobility as a result of multiple phases of fluid activity in fenite around the Chilwa Island Carbonatite, Malawi. Mineralogical Magazine, 81(6), 1367-1395.
Mongolia
 
  • Dornogovi Aimag
    • Khövsgöl
Kynicky, J., et al., (2018) The role of carbonate-fluoride melt immiscibility in shallow REE deposit evolution, Geoscience Frontiers.
  • Ömnögovi Aimag
    • Shara Hulasa Hiid
Automatically generated from locality name
Mozambique
 
  • Nampula Province
Hurai, V. (2015) Fluid inclusions in apatite indicate low-temperature, metasomatic-infiltration origin of the Evate carbonatite deposit (Mozambique). European Current Research On Fluid Inclusions (ECROFI-XXIII), Leeds - UK, 27 - 29 June, 2015, Extended Abstracts’ Volume
Namibia
 
  • Kunene Region
    • Epupa
      • Epembe
Zimmermann, R., Brandmeier, M., Andreani, L., Mhopjeni, K., Gloaguen, R. (2016) Remote Sensing Exploration of Nb-Ta-LREE-Enriched Carbonatite (Epembe/Namibia). Remote Sensing, 8, 620.
      • Swartbooisdrif
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Otjiwarongo
Buhn, B., Rankin, A.H., Schneider, J. and Dulski, P. (2002). The nature of orthomagmatic carbonatitic fluids precipitating REE, Sr-rich fluorite: fluid-inclusion evidence from the Okorusu fluorite deposit, Namibia. Chemical Geology, 186, 75-98.
  • ǁKaras Region
    • ǃNamiǂNûs Constituency
Reid, D. L., & Cooper, A. F. (1998, April). Carbonatite and silicate magmas at Dicker Willem, southern Namibia: their origin and source region characteristics. In International Kimberlite Conference: Extended Abstracts (Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 727-729).
North Macedonia
 
  • Radoviš Municipality
Dolenec, M., Serafimovski, T., Daneu, N., Dolenec, T., Rogan Šmuc, N., Vrhovnik, P., & Lojen, S. (2015). The case of the carbonatite-like dyke of the Madenska River complex at the Kriva Lakavica section in the Republic of Macedonia: oxygen and carbon isotopic constraints. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 24, 627-639.
Norway
 
  • Svalbard
    • Bear Island
[Dolomite-carbonatite] Flood, B. (1967) Sulphide mineralization within the Hecla Hoek Complex in Westspitsbergen and Bjørnøya. Norsk Polarinstitutt. Årbok 1967: 109-129.
  • Telemark
    • Nome
[Søvite] Nilsen, B. (1963): [No title]. Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p. 11
[Ferrocarbonatite] Andersen, T. (1986): Compositional variation of some rare earth minerals from the Fen complex (Telemark, SE Norway): implications for the mobility of rare earths in a carbonatite system. Mineralogical Magazine. 50: 503-509
        • Søve Mines
[Søvite] Adamson, O. J. (1950) Report on the Columbium occurrence of the Fen region near Ulefoss i Southern Norway. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Bergarkivet. BA 1343. 34p [p. 8-9]
[Søvite] Adamson, O. J. (1950) Report on the Columbium occurrence of the Fen region near Ulefoss i Southern Norway. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Bergarkivet. BA 1343. 34p [p. 9-11]
        • Ulefoss
[Søvite] Sæther, E. (1957) The alkaline rock province of the Fen area in southern Norway. Det Konglige Norske Videnskabsselskaps Skrifter 1957, 1, 150p (p. 51) ; Mitchell, R.H. (1980): Pyroxenes of the Fen alkaline complex, Norway. American Mineralogist. 65: 45-54
  • Troms og Finnmark
    • Hasvik
      • Sørøya
Sturt, B. A. & Ramsay, D. M. (1965) The alkaline complex of the Breivikbotn area, Sørøy, Northern Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse, 231:1-164
Roberts, R.J., Corfu,F., Torsvik, T.H., Hetherington, T. J. and L.D. Ashwal (2010) Age of alkaline rocks in the Seiland Igneous Province, Northern Norway. Journal of the Geological Society: 167: 71-81
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
    • Khyber Agency
Automatically generated from locality name
Poland
 
  • Podlaskie Voivodeship
Specjalne, P. T. M. P. (2005) Fluid Inclusions and Cathodoluminescence of Fluorite from Carbonatites of the Tajno Massif, NE Poland. in Mineralogical Society of Poland – Special Papers; Volume 26, 2005
Romania
 
  • Harghita
    • Ditrău (Ditró)
      • Jolotca (Orotva)
Hirtopanu, P., Bermanec, V., Udubasa, G., & Melgarejo, J. C. (2000). Monazite and Allanite from the Ditrau Alkaline Massif, East Carpathians, Romania. Anuarul Institutului Geologic al Romaniei, 72, 41.
Russia
 
  • Buryatia
    • Mama River Basin
      • Maigunda River
Vladykin, N. V., & Sotnikova, I. A. (2017). Petrology, geochemistry and source characteristics of the Burpala alkaline massif, North Baikal. Geoscience Frontiers, 8(4), 711-719.
Савченко, А. А., & Рипп, Г. С. ЖАРЧИХИНСКОЕ МОЛИБДЕНОВОЕ МЕСТОРОЖДЕНИЕ КАК ПРИМЕР ПОЛИФОРМАЦИОННОГО МНОГОЭТАПНОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ. Сопредседатели оргкомитета, 518. (Geochemical Characteristics of Mineral Parageneses of the Zharchikha Molybdenum Deposit (Republic of Buryatia))
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Miass
Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
  • Irkutsk Oblast
L. Kogarko (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Part Two: Former USSR
Rasskazov, S. V., Il’yasova, A. M., Konev, A. A., Yasnygina, T. A., Maslovskaya, M. N., Fefelov, N. N., ... & Saranina, E. V. (2007). Geochemical evolution of the Zadoi Alkaline-Ultramafic Massif, Cis-Sayan area, southern Siberia. Geochemistry International, 45(1), 1-14.
  • Komi Republic
    • Timan Range
Ras, I. K. U., Nedosekova IL, Udoratina OV, Vladykin NV, Pribavkin SV. (2011) Geochemistry and petrochemistry of carbonatites and dyke ultrabasites of Chetlassky complex (Timan, Russia). Abstracts of International conference Ore potential of alkaline, kimberlite and carbonatite magmatism
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
Chebotarev, D. A., Doroshkevich, A. G., & Sharygin, V. V. (2017). Evolution and Formation Conditions for Pyrochlore-supergroup Minerals of Chuktukon Carbonatite Massif, Chadobets Upland (Krasnoyarsk Territory, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 47-50).; Doroshkevich, A. G., Chebotarev, D. A., Sharygin, V. V., Prokopyev, I. R., & Nikolenko, A. M. (2019). Petrology of alkaline silicate rocks and carbonatites of the Chuktukon massif, Chadobets upland, Russia: Sources, evolution and relation to the Triassic Siberian LIP. Lithos, 332, 245-260.
    • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
Badanina, I. Y., & Malitch, K. N. (2011). Origin of platinum-group mineral (PGM) nuggets from the Bor-Uryakh massif (Maimecha-Kotui Province, Russia): evidence from mineral composition. Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 13, EGU2011-7934
Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Kononkova, N. N., & Klimovich, I. V. (2013). Uranium and thorium in carbonatitic minerals from the Guli massif, Polar Siberia. Geochemistry International, 51(10), 767-776.; Malitch, K. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Badanina, I. Y., & Kononkova, N. N. (2013) Parent sources of noble-metal placers of the Guli Massif (Polar Siberia): New mineralogical data. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 451, No. 1, p. 743). Springer Science & Business Media.
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
[Calcite-carbonatite] Zaitsev, V. A., Aksenov, S. M., Rastsvetaeva, R. K., & Chukanov, N. V. (2017). Sr-rich Eudialyte Group Mineral (Cl-deficient Analogues of Taseqite) from Odikhincha Massif, Polar Siberia, Russia. In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 319-321).
  • Murmansk Oblast
Sorokhtina, N. V., Kogarko, L. N., Shpachenko, A. K., & Senin, V. G. (2016). Composition and conditions of crystallization of zircon from the rare-metal ores of the Gremyakha–Vyrmes Massif, Kola Peninsula. Geochemistry International, 54(12), 1035-1048.
[Siderite carbonatite] Kogarko et al. (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part 2 Former USSR
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Kolsky District
Kogarko, L.N. et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Vol 2.
    • Kovdor Massif
Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Panikorovskii, T.L., Britvin, S.N., Krivovichev, S.V., Shilovskikh, V.V., Bocharov, V.N. (2018): Kampelite, Ba3Mg1.5Sc4(PO4)6(OH)3·4H2O, a new very complex Ba-Sc phosphate mineral from the Kovdor phoscorite-carbonatite complex (Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology: 112: 111–121
Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.; Gregory Ivanyuk, Andrei Kalashnikov, Julia Mikhailova, Yakov Pakhomovsky, Nataly Konoplyova, Victor Yakovenchuk, Ayya Bazai (2018) 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite-carbonatite pipe. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p101
Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
    • Northern Karelia
[Calcite-carbonatite] Zaitsev, A. N., Sitnikova, M. A., Subbotin, V. V., Fernández-Suárez, J., Jeffries, T. E., & Wall, F. (2004). Sallanlatvi complex—a rare example of magnesite and siderite carbonatites. Phoscorites and carbonatites from mantle to mine: the key example of the Kola Alkaline Province. Mineralogical Society, London, 201-245.
Sokolov, S. V. (2014). Portlandite in rocks of carbonatite massifs. Geochemistry International, 52(8), 698-701.
[Calcite-carbonatite] Kalashnikov, A. O., Konopleva, N. G., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). Rare Earth Deposits of the Murmansk Region, Russia—A Review. Economic Geology, 111(7), 1529-1559.
Kozlov, E. N., Fomina, E. N., Mytsa, D. D., & Kirkin, V. V. (2017). Rare-earth carbonatites of the Vuori-Yarvi (Kola Region): First results of the study. In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 117-120).
[Calcite-carbonatite] Kukharenko et aI., 1965; Kononova and Shanin, 1971; Orlova, 1959.
    • Turii Cape
Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Louhi District
https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Alkaline-complexes-and-carbonatites-in-Kola-peninsula-northern-Russian-Karelia-and_fig1_225412232; Kovalskaya, T. N., Kotelnikov, A. R., & Varlamov, D. A. (2017). Rock-forming Minerals of Tiksheozersky Massif (North Karelia, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 115-117).
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan Shield
      • Eastern Aldan
[Calcite-carbonatite] Shadenkov, Y. M. (1989). Metasomatic assemblages in wall rocks of the Ingili pluton, eastern Aldan. International Geology Review, 31(7), 697-706.
Automatically generated from locality name; Nokleberg, W.J., Bundtzen, T.K., Dawson, K.M., Eremin R.A., Goryachev, N.A., Koch R.D., Ratkin, V.V., Rozenblum, I.S., Shpikerman, V.I., Frolov, Y.F., Gorodinsky, M.E., Melnikov, V.D., Diggles, M.F., Ognyanov, N.V., Petrachenko, E.D., Petrachenko, R.I., Pozdeev, A.I., Ross, K.V., Wood, D.H., Grybeck, Donald, Khanchuk, A.I., Kovbas, L.I., Nekrasov, I.Ya., and Sidorov, A.A., 1997, Significant metalliferous and selected non-metalliferous lode deposits and placer districts for the Russian Far East, Alaska, and the Canadian Cordillera: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-513-B
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Karpinsk
Sharygin, V. V., & Ivanov, O. K. (2014) Cr-rich “tiooxyspinel” mineral from Kosva dunite massif, Middle Urals: possible link between spinel-and tiospinel-group minerals. 30th International Conference on “Ore Potential of Alkaline, Kimberlite and Carbonatite Magmatism”29 September – 02 October 2014 Antalya TURKEY
  • Tuva
Sharygin, V. V. (2016) Secondary olivine-hosted inclusions in calcite-dolomite carbonatite of the Belaya Zima alkaline massif, Eastern Sayan, Russia: Evidence for Na-rich carbonatite composition. Asian Current Research On Fluid Inclusions (ACROFI-VI), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay; Andreeva, I. A., Kovalenko, V. I., Nikiforov, A. V., & Kononkova, N. N. (2007). Compositions of magmas, formation conditions, and genesis of carbonate-bearing ijolites and carbonatites of the Belaya Zima alkaline carbonatite complex, eastern Sayan. Petrology, 15(6), 551-574.
    • Kurtushibinsky Range
Automatically generated from locality name
South Africa
 
  • Eastern Cape
    • Alfred Nzo District
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Free State
    • Thabo Mofutsanyane District
      • Clocolan
Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
  • Limpopo
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Waterberg District
      • Thabazimbi
Automatically generated from locality name
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Pilanesberg Alkaline Ring Complex
[Søvite] Clarke, L. B. (1989). The Geology of the Kruidfontein Volcanic Complex Transvaal. S. Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Leicester).
      • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
Harmer, R. (2017) The Bulhoek Carbonatite Complex, South Africa: Evidence for magmatic crystallization of dolomite at low pressures and the petrogenetic implications. " Carbonatites-alkaline rocks and associated mineral deposits" Abstract, 5.
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Northern Cape
    • Pixley ka Seme
      • Siyathemba
        • Prieska
Automatically generated from locality name
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
Ковальчук, Н. С., & Шумилова, Т. Г. (2014). Редкоземельная и циРконий-ниобиевая минеРализация в алмазсодеРжащих каРбонатитах о. ФуэРтевентуРа (испания). Вестник института геологии Коми научного центра Уральского отделения РАН, (10 (238)).
        • Fuerteventura basal complex
Automatically generated from locality name
Tajikistan
 
  • Gorno-Badakhshan
Solovova, I. P., Girnis, A. V., Ryabchikov, I. D., & Simakin, S. G. (2006, October). High-temperature carbonatite melt and its interrelations with alkaline magmas of the Dunkel’dyk complex, southeastern Pamirs. In Doklady earth sciences (Vol. 410, No. 1, pp. 1148-1151). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha region
    • Ngorongoro District
[Natrocarbonatite] Jago, B. C., & Gittins, J. (1999). Mn-and F-bearing rasvumite in natrocarbonatite at Oldoinyo Lengai volcano, Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(1), 53-55.
  • Mbeya Region
    • Mbeya
[Calcite-carbonatite] Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk Oblast
    • Azov Sea Region
      • Oktyabr'skii Massif (Mariupol'skii)
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Zaporizhia Oblast
    • Priazovske
Ryabchikov, I.D., Kogarko, L.N., Krivdik, S.G., and Ntaflos, T. (2008): Constraints of the Formation of Carbonatites in the Chernigovka Massif, Azov Region, Ukraine. Geology of Ore Deposits 50(6), 423-432.
United Arab Emirates
 
  • Emirate of Fujairah
Automatically generated from locality name
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
        • Mountain Pass District
          • Mountain Pass
Jones, A.P. and Wyllie, P.J. (1983) Low temperature glass quenched from a synthetic rare earth carbonatite: implications for the origin of the Mountain Pass deposit, California. Economic Geology: 78: 1721-1723.
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Iron Mountain complex
        • McClure Mountain
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • McClure Mountain Complex
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Road Gulch
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth Mining District (Powderhorn Mining District)
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, deposit ID #10142743.
  • Nebraska
    • Johnson Co.
      • Elk Creek
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Wyoming
    • Crook Co.
Andersen, A. K., Clark, J. G., Larson, P. B., & Donovan, J. J. (2017). REE fractionation, mineral speciation, and supergene enrichment of the Bear Lodge carbonatites, Wyoming, USA. Ore Geology Reviews, 89, 780-807.
Vietnam
 
  • Lai Châu Province
    • Phong Tho District
Automatically generated from locality name
      • Mt Fansipan
        • Nâm Nâm Xe REE deposit
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Zambia
 
  • Muchinga Province
    • Muchinga Mountains
      • Isoka District
        • Isoka
Automatically generated from locality name
Zimbabwe
 
  • Manicaland
    • Buhera District
Walsh, K.L. and Harmer, R.E. (1997) Excursion guide: Alkaline igneous rocks of southeastern Zimbabwe. Geological Society of Zimbabwe conference field trip No. 5; Swift, W. H. (1952). The Geology of Chishanya, Buhera District, Southern Rhodesia. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society, 15(1), 346-359.
[Dolomite-carbonatite] Walsh, K.L. and Harmer, R.E. (1997) Excursion guide: Alkaline igneous rocks of southeastern Zimbabwe. Geological Society of Zimbabwe conference field trip No. 5
[Calcite-carbonatite] Walsh, K.L. and Harmer, R.E. (1997) Excursion guide: Alkaline igneous rocks of southeastern Zimbabwe. Geological Society of Zimbabwe conference field trip No. 5
Meck, M. L., Atlhopheng, J., Masamba, W. R. L., Ringrose, S., & Diskin, S. (2011). Minerals that host metals at Dorowa rock phosphate mine, Zimbabwe. Open Mineralogy Journal, 5, 1-9.
  • Matabeleland North
    • Hwange District
      • Deka
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
 
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