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Witherite

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About WitheriteHide

03462420014946703067448.jpg
William Withering
Formula:
BaCO3
Colour:
Colourless, white, greyish, light yellow; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
3 - 3½
Specific Gravity:
4.289 - 4.293
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
Named after William Withering (1741-1799), English physician and naturalist, who first described the mineral.
The Ba analogue of strontianite.

Found in low-temperature hydrothermal vein deposits.

Compare 'UM1974-03-CO:BaCaMg'.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Witherite.


Classification of WitheriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.AB.15

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
B : Alkali-earth (and other M2+) carbonates
14.1.3.2

14 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
1 : A(XO3)
11.5.2

11 : Carbonates
5 : Carbonates of Sr and Ba

Physical Properties of WitheriteHide

Vitreous, Resinous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colourless, white, greyish, light yellow; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
3 - 3½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {010} distinct; on {110} imperfect. Possibly also on {110} and {112}.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
4.289 - 4.293 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.29 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of WitheriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.529 nβ = 1.676 nγ = 1.677
2V:
Measured: 16° , Calculated: 8°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.148
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
relatively weak

Chemical Properties of WitheriteHide

Formula:
BaCO3
IMA Formula:
Ba(CO3)
CAS Registry number:
513-77-9

CAS Registry numbers are published by the American Chemical Society
Common Impurities:
Ca,Sr

Crystallography of WitheriteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.31 Å, b = 8.9 Å, c = 6.43 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.597 : 1 : 0.722
Unit Cell V:
303.88 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals universally twinned on {110}, yielding pseudo-hexagonal dipyramids; also short prismatic [001] or tabular to lenticular with a convex base. Faces commonly rough and horizontally striated. Globular, tuberose, and botryoidal; structure columnar, granular, or coarse fibrous.
Twinning:
On {110}, universal.

Crystallographic forms of WitheriteHide

Crystal Atlas:
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Witherite no.9 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Witherite no.10 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Witherite no.11 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Witherite no.19 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Witherite no.22 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000235Witheritede Villiers J P R (1971) Crystal structures of aragonite, strontianite, and witherite American Mineralogist 56 758-76719710293
0018857WitheriteYe Y, Smyth J R, Boni P (2012) Crystal structure and thermal expansion of aragonite-group carbonates by single-crystal X-ray diffraction American Mineralogist 97 707-7122012Hexham, Northumberland, England0300
0006305WitheriteAntao S M, Hassan I (2009) The orthorhombic structure of CaCO3, SrCO3, PbCO3 and BaCO3: Linear structural trends The Canadian Mineralogist 47 1245-12552009synthetic0293
0006306WitheriteAntao S M, Hassan I (2009) The orthorhombic structure of CaCO3, SrCO3, PbCO3 and BaCO3: Linear structural trends The Canadian Mineralogist 47 1245-12552009synthetic0293
0008420WitheriteHoll C M, Smyth J R, Laustsen H M S, Jacobsen S D, Downs R T (2000) Compression of witherite to 8 GPa and the crystal structure of BaCO3 II Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 467-47320000293
0008421WitheriteHoll C M, Smyth J R, Laustsen H M S, Jacobsen S D, Downs R T (2000) Compression of witherite to 8 GPa and the crystal structure of BaCO3 II Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 467-47320001.26293
0008422WitheriteHoll C M, Smyth J R, Laustsen H M S, Jacobsen S D, Downs R T (2000) Compression of witherite to 8 GPa and the crystal structure of BaCO3 II Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 467-47320001.98293
0008423WitheriteHoll C M, Smyth J R, Laustsen H M S, Jacobsen S D, Downs R T (2000) Compression of witherite to 8 GPa and the crystal structure of BaCO3 II Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 467-47320002.95293
0008424WitheriteHoll C M, Smyth J R, Laustsen H M S, Jacobsen S D, Downs R T (2000) Compression of witherite to 8 GPa and the crystal structure of BaCO3 II Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 467-47320003.94293
0008425WitheriteHoll C M, Smyth J R, Laustsen H M S, Jacobsen S D, Downs R T (2000) Compression of witherite to 8 GPa and the crystal structure of BaCO3 II Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 467-47320004.56293
0008426WitheriteHoll C M, Smyth J R, Laustsen H M S, Jacobsen S D, Downs R T (2000) Compression of witherite to 8 GPa and the crystal structure of BaCO3 II Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 467-47320005.5293
0008427WitheriteHoll C M, Smyth J R, Laustsen H M S, Jacobsen S D, Downs R T (2000) Compression of witherite to 8 GPa and the crystal structure of BaCO3 II Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 467-47320006.2293
0008428WitheriteHoll C M, Smyth J R, Laustsen H M S, Jacobsen S D, Downs R T (2000) Compression of witherite to 8 GPa and the crystal structure of BaCO3 II Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 467-47320007.05293
0008429WitheriteHoll C M, Smyth J R, Laustsen H M S, Jacobsen S D, Downs R T (2000) Compression of witherite to 8 GPa and the crystal structure of BaCO3 II Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 467-47320007.2293
0009098WitheriteAntao S M, Hassan I (2007) BaCO3: high-temperature crystal structures and the Pmcn --> R3m phase transition at 811 C Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 34 573-5802007synthetic0293
0009099WitheriteAntao S M, Hassan I (2007) BaCO3: high-temperature crystal structures and the Pmcn --> R3m phase transition at 811 C Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 34 573-5802007synthetic0293
0009100WitheriteAntao S M, Hassan I (2007) BaCO3: high-temperature crystal structures and the Pmcn --> R3m phase transition at 811 C Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 34 573-5802007synthetic0293
0009101WitheriteAntao S M, Hassan I (2007) BaCO3: high-temperature crystal structures and the Pmcn --> R3m phase transition at 811 C Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 34 573-5802007synthetic0293
0009102WitheriteAntao S M, Hassan I (2007) BaCO3: high-temperature crystal structures and the Pmcn --> R3m phase transition at 811 C Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 34 573-5802007synthetic0293
0009103WitheriteAntao S M, Hassan I (2007) BaCO3: high-temperature crystal structures and the Pmcn --> R3m phase transition at 811 C Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 34 573-5802007synthetic0293
0009104WitheriteAntao S M, Hassan I (2007) BaCO3: high-temperature crystal structures and the Pmcn --> R3m phase transition at 811 C Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 34 573-5802007synthetic0293
0009105WitheriteAntao S M, Hassan I (2007) BaCO3: high-temperature crystal structures and the Pmcn --> R3m phase transition at 811 C Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 34 573-5802007synthetic0293
0009106WitheriteAntao S M, Hassan I (2007) BaCO3: high-temperature crystal structures and the Pmcn --> R3m phase transition at 811 C Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 34 573-5802007synthetic0293
0009107WitheriteAntao S M, Hassan I (2007) BaCO3: high-temperature crystal structures and the Pmcn --> R3m phase transition at 811 C Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 34 573-5802007synthetic0293
0009108WitheriteAntao S M, Hassan I (2007) BaCO3: high-temperature crystal structures and the Pmcn --> R3m phase transition at 811 C Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 34 573-5802007synthetic0293
0018034WitheriteColby M, la Coste J (1935) The crystal structure of witherite. _cod_database_code 1011149 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 90 1-719350293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Epitaxial Relationships of WitheriteHide

Epitaxial Minerals:
BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
BaryteBaSO4
Epitaxy Comments:
Witherites in parallel growth on Barytocalcite (Blagill). Baryte on witherite, with baryte [010]{102} parallel with witherite [100]{011} and {031}; also otherwise oriented.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.72 Å(100)
3.68 Å(53)
3.215 Å(15)
2.628 Å(24)
2.590 Å(23)
2.150 Å(28)
2.019 Å(21)

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Low-temperature hydrothermal veins.

Type Occurrence of WitheriteHide

Synonyms of WitheriteHide

Other Language Names for WitheriteHide

Relationship of Witherite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AragoniteCaCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
CerussitePbCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
StrontianiteSrCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
44 photos of Witherite associated with FluoriteCaF2
40 photos of Witherite associated with AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
38 photos of Witherite associated with CalciteCaCO3
32 photos of Witherite associated with BaryteBaSO4
18 photos of Witherite associated with BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
11 photos of Witherite associated with SphaleriteZnS
4 photos of Witherite associated with GalenaPbS
2 photos of Witherite associated with SideriteFeCO3
1 photo of Witherite associated with ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
1 photo of Witherite associated with StrontianiteSrCO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.AB.05CalciteCaCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05GaspéiteNi(CO3)Hex.
5.AB.05MagnesiteMgCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05OtaviteCdCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
5.AB.05RhodochrositeMnCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05SideriteFeCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05SmithsoniteZnCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05SpherocobaltiteCoCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.10AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.10DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.10KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.10MinrecorditeCaZn(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.15AragoniteCaCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.AB.15CerussitePbCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.AB.15StrontianiteSrCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.AB.20VateriteCaCO3Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.AB.25HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
5.AB.30NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
5.AB.35AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2Tric.
5.AB.40OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2Trig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
5.AB.40ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2Trig.
5.AB.45BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.AB.50Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2Orth. mm2
5.AB.55BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.60JuangodoyiteNa2Cu(CO3)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

14.1.3.3StrontianiteSrCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.1.3.4CerussitePbCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.5.1StrontianiteSrCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.5.3NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
11.5.4AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2Tric.
11.5.5ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2Trig.
11.5.6BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
11.5.7BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13Trig. 3 : R3

Other InformationHide

Thermal Behaviour:
Inverts under CO2 pressure to a hexagonal (?), and then an isometric modification upon heating.
Notes:
Soluble in dilute HCl.
Health Risks:
Barium Carbonate is toxic if ingested, and it has been used as a rat poison. Handling of Witherite is not a major cause of concern as long as you avoid breathing in dust (such as may be generated by grinding, sawing or trimming specimens) and you wash your hands after handling.

MSDS Data sheet on Barium Carbonate - NOTE this refers to the powder which is more dangerous to handle than crystalline Witherite.
Oral ld50 between 100 and 300mg/kg.

References for WitheriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Withering (1783) Phil. Trans.: 293 (as Terra ponderosa aerata).
Watt (1790) Mem. Manchester Society: 3: 599 (as Aerated Barytes).
Werner (1790) Bergmaaennusches Journal, Freiberg (Neues Bergmannische Journal): 2: 225 (as Witherit).
Kirwan, R. (1794) Elements of Mineralogy. (1784), second edition. London: 1: 134 (as Barolite).
Des Cloizeaux, A. (1874) Manuel de minéralogie. 2 volumes and Atlas, Paris. volume 2: 75.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 284.
Jackson (1894) Journal of the Chemical Society, London: 65: 734 (luminescence).
Mallard (1895) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 18: 8.
Bary (1900) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 130: 776.
Kunz and Baskerville (1903) Science: 769.
Mügge (1903) Jb. Min., Beil.-Bd.: 16: 399.
Boeke (1906) Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, Hamburg, Leipzig: 50: 244.
Groth, P. (1908) Chemische Krystallographie. Leipzig. 5 volumes: vol. 2: 209.
Boeke (1913) Mitt. Naturfor. Ges. Halle: 3: 1.
Carruthers, R.G., Eastwood, T., Wilson, G.V., Pocock, R.W., and Wray, D.A. (1915) Barytes and witherite. Special Report of the Mineral Resources of Great Britain vol. 2, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.
Samojloff (1915) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 161.
Madelung and Fuchs (1921) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 65: 289.
Goldschmidt, V. (1923) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text. Heidelberg. vol. 9: 80.
Hintze, Carl (1926) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [3A]: 3045.
Szebellédy (1926) Inaugural Dissertation, Budapest [Min. Abs.: 3: 261 (1927)].
Wilson (1928) Physical Review, a Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics: 31: 305.
Cork and Gerhard (1931) American Mineralogist: 16: 71.
Köhler and Leitmeier (1934) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 87: 146.
Colby and LaCoste (1935) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 90: 1.
Hackspill and Wolf (1937) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 204: 1820.
Faivre (1946) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 222: 227.
Sidorenko (1947) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S., n.s.: 55: 149.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 194-196.
American Mineralogist (1971): 56: 758.
Holl C.M., J.R. Smyth, H.M.S. Laustsen, S.D. Jacobsen, & R.T. Downs (2000), Compression of witherite to 8 GPa and the crystal structure of BaCO3-II: Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 27: 467-473.
Reviews in Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America 11.
Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie (1988): 111: 139.
Sanchez-Pastor, N. et al. (2011): Raman study of synthetic witherite-strontianite solid solutions. Spectroscopy Letters 44(7-8), 500-504.

Internet Links for WitheriteHide

Localities for WitheriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Herat
    • Kushk District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Angola
 
  • Huambo Province
    • Longonjo
Castellano Calvo A, Melgarejo Draper J C, Kamenetsky V, Kamenetsky M (2014) Natrocarbonatite composition of melt inclusions from Bailundo and Longonjo carbonatites (Angola). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 249
  • Lunda Sul Province
    • Catoca kimberlite field
Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Forbes Co.
      • Grenfell
Kawachi Y., Ashley P. M., Vince D., Goodwin M., 1994. Sugilite in manganese silicate rocks from the Hoskins mine and Woods mine, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 58: 671-677; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F. C., Ball, N. A., & Ashley, P. M. (2016). PREPUBLICATION: Oxo-mangani-leakeite from the Hoskins mine, New South Wales, Australia: occurrence and mineral description. Mineralogical Magazine.
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Wilderness Sanctuary; Arkaroola Station)
          • Mt Painter area
SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 2119
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Glen Osmond
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
        • Rosebery
Ralph Bottrill collection, XRD ID
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Klagenfurt am Wörthersee
      • Magdalensberg massif
        • Mairist
Gruber, J. & Puttner, M. (1985): Untersuchungen von Witherit vom Magdalensberg bei Mairist/Kärnten und von Witherit aus Northumberland/England. Carinthia II, 175./95., 257-260.; G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Puttner, M. (2002): Witherit von Mairist bei St. Donat; Gold aus dem Schottenauer Graben, Hüttenberg; Koninckit von Oberbuchach, Gailtal sowie Bournonit und Chalkostibit vom Dragonerfels-Bergstein (Kärnten) - ein Nachtrag. Carinthia II, 192./112., 255-260.
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Guttaring
        • Waitschach
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Weißensee
        • Wurten
Bergbau in Westkärnten
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
E. Fugger: "Die Mineralien des Herzogthumes Salzburg", 11. Jahresber. d. k. k. Ober-Realschule in Salzburg (1878)
      • Rauris
        • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
          • Kolm-Saigurn
A. Strasser: Die MInerale Salzburgs (1989)
Niedermayr, G. & Wittern, A. (2009): Mineralreiches Österreich - Tirol, Salzburg, Vorarlberg. Bode Verlag, Haltern, 144 pp.
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Mariazell
        • Gollrad
http://www.vstm.at/Sammeln/Gollrad.htm
Redlich, K.A. und Stanczak, W. (1923) , Die Erzvorkommen der Umgebung von Neuberg bis Gollrad.
        • Niederalpl
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); Gerald Gesselbauer (06.2010); Taucher, J. & Postl, W. (1991)
Franz Bernhard Collection
      • Neuberg an der Mürz
historic locality
    • Graz-Umgebung District
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
- WEBER, L. (1990): Die Blei-Zinkerzlagerstätten des Grazer Paläozoikums und ihr geologischer Rahmen.- Arch. f. Lagerstättenforsch. Geol. B.-A., 12, Wien.
      • Frohnleiten
Victor Ritter von Zepharovich, Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Kaiserthum Österreich 1790 – 1857, p. 473
    • Liezen District
      • Landl
        • Gams bei Hieflau
Grachev, A.F. (Ed) (2009) The K/T boundary of Gams (Eastern Alps, Austria) and the nature of terminal Cretaceous mass extinction. The Geological Survey of Austria in cooperation with the Geophysical Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow-Vienna, 199 pages, doi:10.2205/2009-GAMSbook (electronic version); Geologische Bundesanstalt [Austria], Abhandlungen (2009), 63, 199 pages (printed version).
  • Tyrol
    • Kufstein District
      • Brixlegg
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
    • Schwaz District
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
Arlt, T., Martinek, K.-P. (1994): Die Mineralvorkommen des Bergbaugebietes Schwaz-Brixlegg. In: Katalog der 31. Münchner Mineralientage, Chapter: "aller Perckwerch muater", Schwaz und Brixlegg in Tirol: Historisches Bergbaurevier für Silber und Kupfer in den Alpen, pp.70-71, 73
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
Cassedanne, J.P., Cassedanne, J.O. (1982) Presence de legrandite dans une pegmatite de Minas Gerais, Bresil. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20(1): 87-89.
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofia City Province
Marcus Vau Collection
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
Anton R. Chakhmouradian and Roger H. Mitchell (2001) Three compositional varieties of perovskite from kimberlites of the Lac de Gras Field (Northwest Territories, Canada). Mineralogical Magazine 65:133-148
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • South of Ridge Lake Area
SAGE, R.P. (1981) Geology of the Martison carbonatite complex. Ontario Geological Survey Open File Report 5420, 99p.
    • Thunder Bay District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 196.
George Christian Hoffmann (1893) Catalogue of section one of the museum of the Geological survey: embracing the Systematic Collection of Minerals. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa; Sessional papers (1908) - Legislature of the Province of Ontario, Volume XL Part 1; Robert Hauck, Sterling Hill Mining Museum, based on data provided by current owner.
      • O'Connor Township
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1101.
      • Scoble Township
Willet Miller (1905) Sessional Papers (Mines Report) By Ontario. Legislative Assembly (11th Session)
  • Québec
    • Nord-du-Québec
Nadeau, O.,Cayer, A., Pelletier, M., Stevenson, R. & Jébrak, M. (2015) The Paleoproterozoic Montviel carbonatite-hosted REE–Nb deposit, Abitibi, Canada: Geology, mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis. Ore Geology Reviews 67, 314-335.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake mining district
      • Itsi Mountain
        • Wilson Lake
Montgomery, J.H., Thompson, R.M., Meagher, E.P. (1972) Pellyite, a new barium silicate mineral from the Yukon Territory. The Canadian Mineralogist: 11: 444-447.; Alfors, J.T., Pabst, A. (1984) Titanian taramellites in western North America. American Mineralogist: 69: 358-373.; Dunning, G.E., Walstrom, R.E., Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal: 19(5): 70 pgs.
Kampf, A.R., Peterson, R.C., Joy, B.R. (2014): Itsiite, Ba2Ca(BSi2O7)2, a new mineral species from Yukon, Canada: Description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 401-407.
      • Macmillan Pass
Econ Geol (1985) 80:1257-1276
Econ Geol (1989)84:841-856; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
China
 
  • Chongqing
    • Chengkou Co.
http://www.chuanyumining.com/template/resou-e.htm
  • Guizhou
    • Liupanshui
      • Shuicheng County
Shaoyin Huang (1975): Geology and Prospecting 11(2), 6-12
  • Hubei
Jingfang Jin and Hui Jin (2000): Journal of Gems and Gemmology 2(2), 36-39
    • Shiyan
      • Zhushan Co.
Lü Zhi-cheng, Liu Cong-qiang, Liu Jia-jun, Zhao Zhi-qi, Wu Feng-chang, and Li Jian (2005): Geochimica 34(6), 557-573.
  • Liaoning
    • Dandong
      • Fengcheng City
        • Qingchengzi ore field
Yubo Ma, Shuwen Xing, Zengjie Zhang, and Jinggui Sun (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(3), 569-578
  • Shaanxi
    • Ankang
      • Hanbin District
Shenghua Wu, Jiajun Liu, Zhenjiang Liu, Degao Zhai, and Meijuan Yao (2010): Geology in China 37(5), 1469-1479; Shenghua Wu, Jiajun Liu, Nai Zhang, and Zhenjiang Liu (2010): Geoscience 24(2), 237-244; Jiajun Liu, Guowu Li, Qian Mao, Shenghua Wu, Zhenjiang Liu, Shangguo Su, Ming Xiong, and Xiaoyan Yu (2012): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 32(2), 173-182
      • Xunyang County
Shenghua Wu, Jiajun Liu, Zhenjiang Liu, Degao Zhai, and Yongliang Xing (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(6), 1100-1112
      • Ziyang County
Lü Zhi-cheng, Liu Cong-qiang, Liu Jia-jun, Zhao Zhi-qi, Wu Feng-chang, and Li Jian (2005): Geochimica 34(6), 557-573.
  • Sichuan
    • Dazhou
      • Wanyuan Co.
Tang Juxing, Wendi Lin, Derong Gao, and Jilu Mu (1998): Mineral Deposits 17(3), 264-276
Zhongcheng Wang (1996), In: Zhonghe Pang, Jindong Zhang, and Jianhong Sun (eds.): Advances in Solid Earth Sciences. Science Press (Beijing), 202-209
    • Liangshan Yi
      • Dechang County
Xiaoyu Li (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(2), 151-160; Zengqian Hou, Shihong Tian, Yuling Xie, Zhusen Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Shuping Yin, Longsheng Yi, Hongcai Fei, Tianren Zou, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press)
      • Mianning County
Zengqian Hou, Shihong Tian, Yuling Xie, Zhusen Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Shuping Yin, Longsheng Yi, Hongcai Fei, Tianren Zou, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press)
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Příbram District
      • Březové Hory ore region (Birkenberg)
        • Březové Hory deposit
[Bull.N.M.Praha 2002, 10, p.43-77]
  • Moravian-Silesian Region
    • Frýdek-Místek District
      • Kunčice pod Ondřejníkem
Kudělásek, V., Mandour, M. A., Matýsek, D.: Výskyt witheritu a barytu v těšínitických horninách na lokalitě Kunčice pod Ondřejníkem. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1989, roč. 34, č. 2, s. 205-207.
  • Pardubice Region
    • Chrudim District
      • Třemošnice
Fengl, M., Jansa, J., Novák, F.: Witherit z fluoritového ložiska Běstvina. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1987, roč. 32, č. 1, s. 105.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Rožná
Novák, F., Pauliš, P., Šikola, D.: Witherit, harmotom a baryt z uranového ložiska Rožná. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2001, roč. 9, s. 307-310.
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kipushi
Cook, R. B. (2007). Connoisseur's Choice Witherite: Fallowfield, Northumberland, England. Rocks & Minerals, 82(3), 222-225.
Eswatini
 
  • Hhohho Region
Roerdink, D. L., Mason, P. R., Whitehouse, M. J., & Brouwer, F. M. (2016). Reworking of atmospheric sulfur in a Paleoarchean hydrothermal system at Londozi, Barberton Greenstone Belt, Swaziland. Precambrian Research, 280, 195-204.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313; H. Vartiainen, A.R. Woolley (1974) The age of the Sokli carbonatite, Finland and some relationships of the North Atlantic Igneous Province. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finl. vol 46, 81- 91, Kononova, V. A., Shanin, L. L., & Arakelyants, M. M. (1974). Times of formation of alkaline massifs and carbonatites. International Geology Review, 16(10), 1119-1130. H. Vartiainen, A.R. Woolley (1976) The petrology, mineralogy and chemistry of the fenites of the Sokli carbonatite intrusion, Finland. Geol. Surv. of Finland, Bull. 280 Mäkelä, M., & Vartiainen, H. (1978). A study of sulfur isotopes in the Sokli multi-stage carbonatite (Finland). Chemical Geology, 21(3-4), 257-265. Vartiainen, H., Kresten, P., & Kafkas, Y. (1978). Alkaline lamprophyres from the Sokli complex, northern Finland. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 50(1-2), 59-68. Vartiainen, H. E. I. K. K. I., & Paarma, H. E. I. K. K. I. (1979). Geological characteristics of the Sokli carbonatite complex, Finland. Economic Geology, 74(5), 1296-1306. Vartiainen, H. (1980). The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonatite massif, northern Finland. Bulletin of Geological Survey of Finland. Heinänen, K., & VARTIAINEN, H. (1981). Magnetite in Sokli carbonatite Massif and in Tulppio olivinite. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 83-90. Lapin, A. V., & Vartiainen, H. (1983). Orbicular and spherulitic carbonatites from Sokli and Vuorijärvi. Lithos, 16(1), 53-60. Vartiainen, H. (1989). The phosphate deposits of the Sokli Carbonatite Complex, Finland. In Phosphate deposits of the world. Phosphate rock resources (pp. 398-402). Kramm, U. (1993). Mantle components of carbonatites from the Kola Alkaline Province, Russia and Finland: a Nd-Sr study. European Journal of Mineralogy, 985-990. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44. Albers, K.-H., Woolley, A.R., Garcia, D. & Sonnet, P. 1998. Development of new technology for utilisation of the unique Nb deposit at Sokli, Finland, for the European super-alloy industry. Ingrid, H. K. (1998). Rare earth elements in sövitic carbonatites and their mineral phases. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2105-2121. Lee, M. J., Garcia, D., Moutte, J., Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Stanley, C. J. (1999). Pyrochlore and whole rock chemistry of carbonatites and phoscorites at Sokli, Finland. Pp. 651-653 in: Mineral Deposits: Processes to Processing (CJ Stanley et al., editors), 1. Lee, M. J., Garcia, D., Moutte, J., Williams, C. T., & Wall, F. (2004). Carbonatites and phoscorites from the Sokli Complex, Finland. Phoscorites and Carbonatites from Mantle to Mine: the Key Example of the Kola Alkaline Province”, eds. F. Wall and AN Zaitev, The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland, London, 133-162. Lee, M. J., Lee, J. I., Garcia, D., Moutte, J., Williams, C. T., Wall, F., & Kim, Y. (2006). Pyrochlore chemistry from the Sokli phoscorite-carbonatite complex, Finland: implications for the genesis of phoscorite and carbonatite association. Geochemical Journal, 40(1), 1-13. Lee, M. J., Lee, J. I., Garcia, D., Moutte, J., Williams, C. T., Wall, F., & Kim, Y. (2006). Pyrochlore chemistry from the Sokli phoscorite-carbonatite complex, Finland: implications for the genesis of phoscorite and carbonatite association. Geochemical Journal, 40(1), 1-13. Rukhlov, A. S., & Bell, K. (2010). Geochronology of carbonatites from the Canadian and Baltic Shields, and the Canadian Cordillera: clues to mantle evolution. Mineralogy and Petrology, 98(1-4), 11-54. O’Brien, H., & Hyvönen, E. (2015). The Sokli carbonatite complex. In Mineral deposits of Finland (pp. 305-325). Elsevier. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.315 Proceedings of the First Annual Workshop (Eurothen '98), Athens, Greece, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, 449-472.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Ardèche
      • Tournon-sur-Rhône
        • Saint-Péray
TREILLARD Michel Collection
    • Cantal
      • Mauriac
        • Lanobre
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195; "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM
    • Haute-Loire
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195.
        • La Chomette
        • Mazerat-Aurouze
          • Aurouze
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
        • Salzuit
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Corrèze
      • Brive-la-Gaillarde
        • Juillac
TREILLARD Michel collection
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Kassel Region
      • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
        • Nentershausen
          • Süß
            • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Braunlage
        • St Andreasberg
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Dana 7:II:195.
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Wildemann
          • Hütschen valley
No reference listed
  • Saxony
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Brand-Erbisdorf
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195.
    • Vogtlandkreis
      • Bösenbrunn
        • Schönbrunn
Lapis, 17 (7/8), 13-25+90.
    • Zwickau
      • Hartenstein
      • Limbach-Oberfrohna
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Sachsen/Chemnitz%2C%20Direktionsbezirk/Zwickau%2C%20Landkreis/Wolkenburger%20Bergbaurevier
Italy
 
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Piacenza Province
      • Bobbio
Giovanni Scapin collection
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Mergozzo
        • Candoglia
; American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Domusnovas
Stara, P., Rizzo, R. & Tanca, G.A. - Iglesiente - Arburese, Miniere e Minerali - Gruppi Min. Italiani Ed.Vol.I, 240pp.
      • Donori
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
Japan
 
  • Akita Prefecture
    • Yamamoto District
      • Hachimori
        • Hinshu
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195; Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
  • Gunma Prefecture
    • Midori City
      • Seta
Hirowatari and Fukuoka (1983) Sankai-Gakko Kou'en-Youshi, 104.
  • Oita Prefecture
    • Saiki City
Nishio-Hamane, D., Ogoshi, Y., & Minakawa, T. (2012). Miyahisaite, (Sr, Ca) 2Ba3 (PO4) 3F, a new mineral of the hedyphane group in the apatite supergroup from the Shimoharai mine, Oita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 107(3), 121-126.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Turkistan Region
    • Kentau
United States Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Resources Data
Mexico
 
  • Baja California
    • Tres Pozos
American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
Morocco
 
  • Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab Region
Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Mineralogical Record (1977) Tsumeb: 8: 34/85.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein
      • Kombat
Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
  • ǁKaras Region
    • Oranjemund
      • Rosh Pinah
Econ Geol (1985) 80:1257-1276
Netherlands
 
  • Gelderland
    • Winterswijk
      • Vosseveld
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Fauske
      • Sulitjelma
        • Sulitjelma Copper Mines
Nordrum, F.S. (2004): Mineralene i Sulitjelma kobbergruver, Fauske. STEIN 31 (3): 3-25
  • Svalbard
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session AAA-11 Metallogeny of the Arctic region
Nordrum, F.S. (2001): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2000-2001, part II. STEIN 28 (3): 16- 24
Kjærnet, T. (2012): Minerallokaliteter på Svalbard. Stein. 39 (1),30-38
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province
    • Khyber District
Jan, M. Q., Kamal, M., & Qureshi, A. Á. (1981). Petrography Of The Loe Shilman Carbonatite Gomplex, Khyber Agengy. Geol. Bull. Univ. Peshawar, 14, 29-43. Tilton, G. R., Bryce, J. G., & Mateen, A. (1998). Pb–Sr–Nd isotope data from 30 and 300 Ma collision zone carbonatites in northwest Pakistan. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 1865-1874. Mian, I., & Le Bas, M. J. (1987). The biotite-phlogopite series in fenites from the Loe Shilman carbonatite complex, NW Pakistan. Mineralogical Magazine, 51(361), 397-408.
Russia
 
  • Aldan Shield
    • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
[Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]
  • Altai Krai
    • Alei River Basin
      • Korbalikha River
        • Zmeevka Stream
Lapis Nov -94 p48-49
  • Irkutsk Oblast
Mitchell, R. H., & Vladykin, N. V. (1993). Rare earth element-bearing tausonite and potassium barium titanates from the Little Murun potassic alkaline complex, Yakutia, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 57(389), 651-664.
  • Karachay-Cherkessia
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195.
    • Djalankol
Groth (1891) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Kristallgeometrie, Kristallphysik, Kristallchemie (1891): 18: 631; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Taikan Ridge
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Belye Tundry Massif
Lyalina, L.M., Selivanova, E.A., Savchenko, Ye.E., Zozulya, D.R., Kadyrova, G.I. (2014): Minerals of the gadolinite-(Y)–hingganite-(Y) series in the alkali granite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56, 675-684.
    • Khibiny Massif
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
    • Kovdor Massif
Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
    • Northern Karelia
Zaitsev, A. N., Sitnikova, M. A., Subbotin, V. V., Fernández-Suárez, J., Jeffries, T. E., & Wall, F. (2004). Sallanlatvi complex—a rare example of magnesite and siderite carbonatites. Phoscorites and carbonatites from mantle to mine: the key example of the Kola Alkaline Province. Mineralogical Society, London, 201-245.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno District
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava District
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
      • Vyšná Slaná
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš District
Števko M., Sejkora J., Bačík P., 2012: Witherit z antimonitového ložiska Dúbrava (Slovenská republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha), 21, 2, 223-227 (in Slovak with English abstract).
        • Ľudovít adit
Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD and EMPA-WDS confirmed
Novotný P. & Pauliš P., 2005: Witherit z Vyšné Boce, Slovenská republika. Zprávy Vlastivědného muzea v Olomouci, 283, 68-71.
Novotný P. & Pauliš P. 2005: Witherit z Vyšné Boce, Slovenská republika. Zprávy Vlastivědného muzea v Olomouci, 283, 68-71. (in Czech)
Slovenia
 
  • Central Sava Region
    • Litija
Scopolia - Journal of the Slovenian Museum of natural History - Mineralna bogastva Slovenije, p. 52 - 65, Ljubljana, 2006
South Africa
 
  • Free State
    • Thabo Mofutsanyane District
      • Clocolan
Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
  • Limpopo
    • Phalaborwa
  • Northern Cape
    • Frances Baard
      • Sol Plaatje
        • Kimberley
          • KEM JV Mine (Kimberley Ekapa Mining Joint Venture mine; Kimberley Underground mine)
Giuliani, A., Soltys, A., Phillips, D., Kamenetsky, V. S., Maas, R., Goemann, K., ... & Griffin, W. L. (2017). The final stages of kimberlite petrogenesis: petrography, mineral chemistry, melt inclusions and Sr-CO isotope geochemistry of the Bultfontein kimberlite (Kimberley, South Africa). Chemical Geology, 455, 342-356.
    • John Taolo Gaetsewe
      • Gamagara
        • Kathu
          • Sishen
John M. Moore, Barbara K. Kuhn, Darren F. Mark, and Harilaos Tsikos (2011): A sugilite-bearing assemblage from the Wolhaarkop breccia, Bruce iron-ore mine, South Africa: Evidence for alkali metasomatism and 40Ar-39Ar dating. Eur. J. Mineral. 23, 661-673.
Moore, J.M., Kuhn, B., Mark, D.F., Tsikos, H. (2011): A sugilite-bearing assemblage from the Wolhaarkop breccia, Bruce iron-ore mine, South Africa: Evidence for alkali metasomatism and 40Ar-39Ar dating. European Journal of Mineralogy: 23: 661-673; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=7909 (2016)
Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
Costin, G., Fairey, B., Tsikos, H., Gucsik, A. (2015): Tokyoite, As-Rich Tokyoite, and Noélbensonite: New Occurrences From the Postmasburg Manganese Field, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist: 53: 981-990
    • ZF Mgcawu
      • Tsantsabane
Costin, G., Fairey, B., Tsikos, H. and Gucsik, A. (2016). Tokyoite, As-rich tokyoite and noélbensonite: new occurrences from the Postmasburg Manganese Field, Northern Cape province, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53, 981-990.
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha region
    • Ngorongoro District
Victoria Sekisova, Victor Victorovich Sharygin, A. N. Zaitsev, Stanislav Strekopytov (2015) Liquid Immiscibility Геология и геофизика, 2015, т. 56, № 12, с. 2173—2197
UK
 
  • England
    • Cheshire
      • Alderley Edge
No reference listed
    • County Durham
      • Brandon and Byshottles
        • Deerness Valley
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 278-279
Spencer, L.J. (1910) On the occurrence of alstonite and ullmannite (a species new to Britain) in a barytes-witherite vein at the New Brancepeth Colliery Near Durham. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 15, n° 71, 302-311.; Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387. (referring to Spencer, 1910).; Smythe, J.A. (1947) Chemical analysis of ullmannite from New Brancepeth, Co. Durham. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 28, n° 198, 173-174.
      • Forest and Frith
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 232, 234-235.
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 90, 231-234.
      • Lunedale
Dunham KC. 1990. Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield. Vol 1 Tyne to Stainmore. HMSO
      • Stanley
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195.
        • Tantobie
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Caldbeck
          • Potts Gill
Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Shaw, 1970, Hartley, 1984, and Young, 1987).
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
      • Eden
        • Alston Moor
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 119, 120.
          • Nenthead
GREEN, D.I., McCALLUM, D. and WOOD, M. (2000) Famous mineral localities: The Brownley Hill Mine, Alston Moor District, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 31, 231-250.
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
BMS Database
        • Dufton
[Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
        • Milburn
          • Dun Fell
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 106, 112.
        • Mungrisdale
BMS Database
        • Murton
          • Scordale
Fisher, J. (2009) The Hilton Mine: Scordale, Cumbria England. Rocks and Minerals, 84:2, 114-121.
Dunham K C, Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield, Vol 1, Tyne to Stainmore. HMSO
        • Patterdale
No reference listed
    • Derbyshire
      • Derbyshire Dales District
        • Bradwell
Alan Ions collection
    • Devon
      • West Devon
        • Peter Tavy
          • Devon United Mines
UKJMM Vol.29 p.49-52
    • Lancashire
      • Chorley
Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 206
    • North Yorkshire
      • Richmondshire
        • Arkengarthdale
          • Booze Moor
            • Slei Gill
Paul Render
Paul Render
Paul Render
Paul Render
Paul Render
          • Langthwaite
Paul Render
Paul Render
Paul Render
          • Whaw
            • Northside Mines
Dunham Sir K C. Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield. Vol 2. Stainmore to Craven. HMSO
            • Punchard Gill Mines
Paul Render
        • Askrigg
Paul
        • Carperby-cum-Thoresby
Paul Render
Paul Render
        • Grinton
Paul Render
Paul Render
Paul Render
        • Marrick
Paul Render
        • Melbecks
          • Gunnerside Gill (Gunnerside Ghyll)
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 2 Stainmore to Craven (2nd Edition), pp 130, 139-140.
            • Friarfold Mine
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 2 Stainmore to Craven (2nd Edition), pp 129-131.
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 2 Stainmore to Craven (2nd Edition), pp 124-126.
M Wood, Strontianite in Gunnerside Gill, UKJMM No 12
M Wood, Strontianite from Gunnerside Gill, in UKJMM No 12
Paul Render
          • Low Row
Paul Nicholson collection
Paul Render
        • Muker
        • Redmire
Paul Render
Paul Render
Paul Render
Paul Render
Paul Render
        • Reeth, Fremington and Healaugh
Paul render
          • Kearton
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 2 Stainmore to Craven (2nd Edition), pp 132-133.
Braithwaite, R.S.W., Kampf, A.R., Pritchard, R.G., Lamb, R.P.H. (1993): The occurrence of thiosulfates and other unstable sulfur species as natural weathering products of old smelting slags. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 255-261.
          • Old Gang Mines (AD Mines)
Paul Render
Paul Render
Paul Render
        • Richmond Mineral Belt
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 2 Stainmore to Craven (2nd Edition), pp 156-158.
    • Northumberland
      • Acomb
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 271
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195; L. J. Spencer (1910) On the Occurrence of Alstonite and Ullmannite (A Species New to Britain) in a Barytes-Witherite Vein at the New Brancepeth Colliery Near Durham. Mineralogical Magazine 15:302-311
      • Newbrough
Spencer, L.J. (1910) On the occurrence of alstonite and ullmannite (a species new to Britain) in a barytes-witherite vein at the New Brancepeth Colliery Near Durham. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 15, n° 71, 302-311.; Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Smythe, J.A. (1947) Chemical analysis of ullmannite from New Brancepeth, Co. Durham. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 28, n° 198, 173-174.; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195.
      • West Allen
        • Carrshield
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 154
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 153-154
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 156-158
        • Ninebanks
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 152-153
Dunham: The Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield, Vol I Tyne to Stainmore pp 140.
    • Shropshire
      • Callow Hill-Bog District
        • Pulverbatch
Paul Render
        • Snailbeach
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
      • Chirbury with Brompton
BMS Database
      • Hope-Shelve District
Paul Render
        • Stiperstones
Paul Render
Paul Render
      • Middleton Scriven
Paul Render
    • Somerset
      • Somerset West and Taunton
        • Kilve
Paul Render
        • Watchet
Paul Render
    • Staffordshire
      • Staffordshire Moorlands
        • Fawfieldhead
Ford, T.D. (2000): Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society 14(4), 1-22
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries and Galloway
      • Wanlockhead
[MinRec 12:293]
    • West Lothian
      • Linlithgow
BMS Database
  • Wales
    • Powys
      • Llangynog
BMS Database
BMS Database
BMS Database
BMS Database
      • Llanidloes
BMS Database
Paul Render
BMS Database
[www.thamesvalleyminerals.com]
No reference listed
      • Old Radnor
National Museum of Wales Database; Cotterell, T., Green, D., Hubbard, N., Mason, J.S., Starkey, R., Tindle, A. (2011) The Mineralogy of Dolyhir Quarry, Old Radnor, Powys, Wales. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, 32, 5-61.
    • Rhondda Cynon Taf
      • Llantrisant
No reference listed
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Hoonah-Angoon Census Area
      • Juneau Mining District
        • Glacier Bay District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • North Slope Borough
      • Noatak Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
      • Lisburne Mining District (Red Dog Mining District)
Schardt, C. et al. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 735-757.
    • Petersburg Borough
      • Kupreanof Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Mohave County
Phillips, K.A. (1987), Arizona Industrial Minerals AZ Dept. of Mines and Mineral Resources Mineral Rpt. 4; MRDS file #10064848.
    • Pima Co.
      • Sierrita Mountains
        • Pima Mining District (Olive Mining District; Mineral Hill Mining District; Twin Buttes Mining District)
          • San Xavier
            • Mission complex
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 421.
    • Yuma Co.
      • Castle Dome Mountains
Nevius, J.N. (1912) The Castle Dome lead district, Arizona: Mining and Scientific Press: 104: 854-855.
          • Kofa Game Range
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 421; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 49.
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
      • Lake Catherine
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Glenwood
Rocks & Min.: 56:248 & 63:113.
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Big Creek-Rush Creek Mining District
Alfors, J.T., M.C. Stinson, R.A. Matthews & A. Pabst (1965), Seven new barium minerals from eastern Fresno County, California: American Mineralogist: 50: 318, 322-324; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 464.
          • Big Creek
American Mineralogist (1981), Volume 66, pages 1050-1053
Bob Walstrom, p.c.
          • Rush Creek
Mineralogical Record (2002) 33: 163.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
    • Kern Co.
      • Boron
Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 147, 172; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 222.
    • Mariposa Co.
      • East Belt
        • Clearing House Mining District
          • Clearing House
            • Trumbull Peak
Rogers, Austin Flint (1932), Sanbornite, a new barium silicate mineral from Maricopa County, California: American Mineralogist: 17: 171; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 385; Mineralogical Record (1999): 30: 414; American Mineralogist (1981): 66: 1050-1053; Canadian Mineralogist (1984): 22: 653-658.
        • Hite Cove Mining District
          • Peachtree Bar
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10031291.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 196.
Brobst, D.A. (1958), Barite Resources of the United States, USGS Bull. 1072-B: 97; Fitch, A.A. (1931), Barite and witherite from near El Portal, Mariposa County, California: Am.Min.: 16(10): 461-468.; Dolbear, S.H. (1917), Possible sources of barium carbonate: Mining and Scientific Press: 116: 611; Bradley, W.W. (1929b), Barite in California: AI.M.E. Tech. Pub. 266, 9 pp.: 6; Fitch, A.A. (1931), Barite and witherite from near El Portal, Mariposa County, California: American Mineralogist: 16(10): 461; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 196.
    • Plumas Co.
      • Last Chance Mining District
        • Adams Peak
Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F. (2005) Mineralogy of the Spring Creek area, Last Chance mining district, Plumas County, California. Axis: 1: 1-30.
    • San Benito Co.
      • New Idria Mining District
        • Picacho Peak
American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Cruz
Gross, E.B., Wainwright, J.E.N., and Evans, B.W. (1965) Pabstite, the tin analogue of benitoite. American Mineralogist: 50: 1164-1169; Gross, E.B., Chesterman, C.W., Dunning, G.E., and Cooper, J.F. (1967) Mineralogy of the Kalkar quarry, Santa Cruz, California. California Division Mines and Geol. Special Report 92: 3-10; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 222.
    • Shasta Co.
      • Klamath Mountains
        • Harrison Gulch Mining District
          • Platina
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 196.
    • Trinity Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Mad River Rock
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 222; Tony Kampf (PXRD analysis).
    • Tulare Co.
      • Dumtah
American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984; Mineralogical Record: 34(2): 159-166
Robert E. Walstrom Collection
  • Illinois
    • Hardin Co.
Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49
        • Ozark-Mahoning group
Rocks & Min.: 63:211.
Rocks & Min.: 63: 211, 222 & 226.
Mineralogical Record: 5: 266-269; Rocks & Minerals: 63: 221.; Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49
      • Cave-In-Rock Sub-District
        • Cave-in-Rock
          • Ozark-Mahoning group
Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49
Rocks & Min.: 24:359; 57:71.
Danny Jones
www.missourigeologists.org/Min-Loc2.pdf.
Christian Bracke Collection.
Anderson (1994) Kentucky Geol. Survey Ser. XI Spec. Pub 20
    • Boyle Co.
      • Danville
        • Caldwell Stone Company Quarry
    • Fayette Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 196.
    • Scott Co.
Alan Goldstein (2006) Kentucky Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Easthampton
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
  • Michigan
    • Arenac Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson)
  • Missouri
    • Washington Co.
Sherwood, M. D., & Williams, G. A. (1998). Missouri mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 73(2), 98-117.
  • Montana
    • Glacier Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 196; Ross (1959), USGS Professional Paper 296.
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Lone Mountain Mining District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
        • Elko
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Maggie Creek Mining District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Argenta Mining District
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Northumberland Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Bernalillo Co.
Northrop, 3rd rev. ed. (1996) Minerals of New Mexico
    • Eddy Co.
      • Carlsbad Caverns National Park
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. Rev. Ed., 1996
    • Sierra Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Socorro Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. ed., 1996
  • New York
    • Montgomery Co.
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    • Onondaga Co.
      • Jamesville
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    • Seneca Co.
      • Covert
Rocks & Min.:64(5):388.
  • Tennessee
    • Rutherford Co.
      • Central Tennessee Ba-F-Pb-Zn Mining District
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Wildcat Mountain
  • Wyoming
    • Sweetwater Co.
      • Green River formation
Am Min 46:420-429
 
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