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Pararealgar

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About PararealgarHide

Formula:
As4S4
Colour:
Light yellow to orange-brown
Lustre:
Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
1 - 1½
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1980 by Andrew C. Roberts, H. Gary Ansell, and Maurizio Bonardi from the Greek παρα "para" = beyond for the polymorphous structural relationship to realgar.
Red realgar alters to yellow/yellow-orange pararealgar on exposure to light.
Primary pararealgar is, however, also known.


Classification of PararealgarHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1980
2.FA.15b

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
F : Sulfides of arsenic, alkalies; sulfides with halide, oxide, hydroxide, H2O
A : With As, (Sb), S
2.8.21.2

2 : SULFIDES
8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
3.7.5

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi

Physical Properties of PararealgarHide

Vitreous, Resinous
Colour:
Light yellow to orange-brown
Streak:
Light yellow
Hardness:
1 - 1½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
None Observed

Chemical Properties of PararealgarHide

Formula:
As4S4

Crystallography of PararealgarHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Setting:
P21/c
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.909 Å, b = 9.655 Å, c = 8.502 Å
β = 97.20°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.026 : 1 : 0.881
Unit Cell V:
806.8 ų

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0001734PararealgarBonazzi P, Menchetti S, Pratesi G (1995) The crystal structure of pararealgar American Mineralogist 80 400-40319950293
0015782PararealgarKutoglu A (1976) Darstellung und kristallstruktur einer neuen isomeren form von As4S4 Zeitschrift fur Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie 419 176-1841976synthetic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of PararealgarHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Mineral Collection, Geological Survey of Canada, under catalogue numbers 61566 (Mount Washington) and 61567 (Gray Rock).

Synonyms of PararealgarHide

Other Language Names for PararealgarHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
57 photos of Pararealgar associated with RealgarAs4S4
14 photos of Pararealgar associated with ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
13 photos of Pararealgar associated with CalciteCaCO3
10 photos of Pararealgar associated with QuartzSiO2
4 photos of Pararealgar associated with FluoriteCaF2
4 photos of Pararealgar associated with MarcasiteFeS2
4 photos of Pararealgar associated with DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
4 photos of Pararealgar associated with PyriteFeS2
3 photos of Pararealgar associated with OrpimentAs2S3
3 photos of Pararealgar associated with UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.FA.AnorpimentAs2S3Tric. 1 : P1
2.FA.BonazziiteAs4S4Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.FA.05DuranusiteAs4SOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
2.FA.10DimorphiteAs4S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.FA.15aRealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m
2.FA.15dUM1970-18-S:AsAs4S4Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.FA.20AlacrániteAs8S9Mon. 2/m : P2/b
2.FA.25UzoniteAs4S5Mon.
2.FA.30LaphamiteAs2Se3Mon. 2/m
2.FA.30OrpimentAs2S3Mon. 2/m
2.FA.35GetchelliteAsSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.FA.40Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]Orth. mm2 : Pna21

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.8.21.1Platynite
2.8.21.1RealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m
2.8.21.3UM1970-18-S:AsAs4S4Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.8.21.4UM1970-19-S:AsAs4S4Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.7.1PatróniteVS4Mon.
3.7.2DuranusiteAs4SOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
3.7.3DimorphiteAs4S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.4RealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m
3.7.6AlacrániteAs8S9Mon. 2/m : P2/b
3.7.7UzoniteAs4S5Mon.
3.7.8OrpimentAs2S3Mon. 2/m
3.7.9JeromiteAmor.
3.7.10LaphamiteAs2Se3Mon. 2/m
3.7.11GetchelliteAsSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.12Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]Orth. mm2 : Pna21
3.7.13PääkköneniteSb2AsS2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.7.14StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.15MetastibniteSb2S3Amor.
3.7.16TellurantimonySb2Te3Trig.
3.7.17BismuthiniteBi2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.18NevskiteBi(Se,S)Trig.
3.7.19GuanajuatiteBi2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.21IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3Trig.
3.7.22LaitakariteBi4Se2STrig. 3m : R3m
3.7.23PoubaitePbBi2(Se,Te,S)4Trig.
3.7.24TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3Trig.
3.7.25SoučekitePbCuBi(S,Se)3Orth.
3.7.26TsumoiteBiTeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
3.7.27PilseniteBi4Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.28HedleyiteBi7Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.29TetradymiteBi2Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.30JoséiteBi4TeS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.31Joséite-BBi4Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.32IngoditeBi2TeSTrig.
3.7.33SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2STrig.
3.7.34KawazuliteBi2Te2SeTrig.
3.7.36SkippeniteBi2TeSe2Trig.
3.7.37KochkaritePbBi4Te7Trig.
3.7.38RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4Trig.
3.7.39AleksitePbBi2Te2S2Trig.
3.7.40JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
Contains arsenic - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest.

References for PararealgarHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Roberts, A.C., Ansell, H.G., Bonardi, M. (1980) Pararealgar, a new polymorph of AsS, from British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 18: 525-527.
Douglass, D.L., Shing, C., Wang, G. (1992) The light-induced alteration of realgar to pararealgar. American Mineralogist: 77: 1266-1274.
Bonazzi, P., Menchetti, S., Pratesi, G. (1995) The crystal structure of pararealgar, As4S4. American Mineralogist: 80: 400-403.
Kyono, A., Kimata, M., Hatta, T. (2005) Light-induced degradation dynamics in realgar: In situ structural investigation using single-crystal X-ray diffraction study and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. American Mineralogist: 90: 1563-1570.
Ballirano, P., Maras, A. (2006) In-situ X-ray transmission powder diffraction study of the kinetics of the light induced alteration of realgar (alpha-As4S4). European Journal of Mineralogy: 18: 589–599.
Bonazzi, P., Bindi, L., Pratesi, G., Menchetti, S. (2006) Light-induced changes in molecular arsenic sulfides: State of the art and new evidence by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. American Mineralogist: 91: 1323-1330.
Naumov, P., Makreski, P., Jovanovski, G. (2007) Direct atomic scale observations of linkage isomerization of As4S4 clusters during the photoinduced transition of realgar to pararealgar. Inorganic Chemistry: 46: 10624-10631.
Bonazzi, P., Bindi, L. (2008) A crystallographic review of arsenic sulfides: Effects of chemical variations and changes induced by exposure to light. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 223: 132-147.

Internet Links for PararealgarHide

Localities for PararealgarHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Hüttenberg
        • Lölling
Schnorrer, G. (2000): Mineralogische Notizen VII. Der Aufschluss, 51, 281-293
    • Völkermarkt District
      • Rammersdorf
        • Dragonerfels
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Sankt Marein im Mürztal
C.Auer (2005)
Christian Auer
  • Tyrol
    • Schwaz District
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí
    • Sud Lípez Province
Bentz, J. L., & Peterson, R. C. (2017). Realgar and hörnesite precipitation in an iron-poor, sulfate-rich Mudflat, Laguna Chiar Khota, Bolivia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(6), 1009-1025.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; A. G. Roberts, H. G. Ansell, and M. Bonardi (1980) Pararealgar, a new polymorph of AsS, from British Columbia. Can. Mineral.,l8, 525-52
    • Lillooet Mining Division
      • Bridge River area
        • Truax Creek
ROBERTS, A.C., ANSELL, H.G. & BONARDI, M. (1980): Pararealgar, a new polymorph of AsS, from British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist 18, 525-527. BONAZZI, P., MENCHETTI, S. & PRATESI, G. (1995): The crystal structure of pararealgar, As4S4. American Mineralogist 80, 400-403.
    • Nanaimo Mining Division
      • Comox District
ROBERTS, A.C., ANSELL, H.G. & BONARDI, M. (1980): Pararealgar, a new polymorph of AsS, from British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist 18, 525-527. BONAZZI, P., MENCHETTI, S. & PRATESI, G. (1995): The crystal structure of pararealgar, As4S4. American Mineralogist 80, 400-403.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
Harris (1989)
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Costa Rica
 
  • Puntarenas Province
Paolo Bosio Collection
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
Dr. Jan Hlousek label
France
 
  • Corsica
    • Haute-Corse
      • Corte
        • Matra
Frank Keutsch collection, # FNK GRE 1 (originally via Fred Kennedy collection)
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Duranus
Mari G. & D. (2012) : "La mine d'arsenic de Duranus". Riviera Scientifique n°96, p 39-70
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar (La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar)
Bourgoin, V., Favreau, G., Boulliard, J.-C. (2011): Jas Roux: un gisement exceptionnel à minéraux de thallium. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2011, 2-91.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Hornberg
Gröbner, J. & Schrenk, D. (2005): Die Mineralien des Tunnels bei Hornberg. Der Erzgräber 19, 17-25. (in German)
      • Rottweil
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Böckelsbach valley
Walenta, K. (1987) Neue Mineralien von Wittichen. Lapis. 12 (11): 23-24; Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
            • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
            • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Braunlage
No reference listed
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Aue-Bad Schlema
        • Alberoda
Vollstädt,H. & Weiß,St. (1991): Mineralfundstellen Sächsisches Erzgebirge, München, S.26ff.
    • Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
      • Bannewitz
        • Hänichen
Thalheim, K.; Reichel, W. & Witzke, T. (1991): Die Minerale des Döhlener Beckens.- Schriften des Staatlichen Museums für Mineralogie und Geologie zu Dresden, Nr. 3
        • Possendorf
  • Thuringia
    • Greiz District
      • Berga/Elster
        • Culmitzsch
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Indonesia
 
  • West Java Province
Collection of Alex Earl
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Pozzuoli
Russo, M. (2004): Realgar e pararealgar della Solfatara di Pozzuoli. Micro (notizie mineralogiche), 2004, 25-28
- Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Lanzada
        • Campo Moro Valley
          • Poschiavina Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
      • Valfurva
        • Gavia Valley
Bianchi Potenza, B., Liborio, G. (1981): Prima segnalazione di pararealgar in Italia: il giacimento di Valle dell'Alpe (Valle del Gavia, Sondrio). Natura, 72, 129-133. AA. VV. (1996): Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
Nannoni R., Marinai V. (2008): Monte Spinosa. Nuovi ritrovamenti alle miniere Maffei e Montorsi. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 32, 2 (2-2008), 98-111; Biagioni C., Orlandi P., Gini C., Bargellini C., Gamucci C., Marinai V., Nannoni R. (2013): Botro ai Marmi. I minerali delle miniere Maffei e Montorsi. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 63-83.
Nannoni, R., Marinai, V. (2008): Monte Spinosa. Nuovi ritrovamenti alle miniere Maffei e Montorsi. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 32, 2 (2-2008), 98-111; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Gini, C., Bargellini, C., Gamucci, C., Marinai, V., Nannoni, R. (2013): Botro ai Marmi. I minerali delle miniere Maffei e Montorsi. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 63-83.
    • Massa-Carrara Province
D'Achiardi, G. (1899) Minerali dei marmi di Carrara (Nota preventiva). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Processi Verbali, 11, 160-163; D’Achiardi, G. (1905) I minerali dei marmi di Carrara. Parte II. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 21, 236-264 (Parte II); Giampaoli, A. (1905) I minerali accessori dei marmi di Carrara. Carrara; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Camarda, S., Chinellato, M., Appiani, R., Del Chiaro, L., and Sanguineti, G. (2019) Minerals from marbles of Carrara and the Apuan Alps. LoGisma editore, Vicchio (Firenze) - Musumeci S.p.A., Quart (Aosta), 144 pp.
        • Torano quarrying basin
D’Achiardi, G. (1905) I minerali dei marmi di Carrara. Parte II. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 21, 236-264 (Parte II); Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Camarda, S., Chinellato, M., Appiani, R., Del Chiaro, L., and Sanguineti, G. (2019) Minerals from marbles of Carrara and the Apuan Alps. LoGisma editore, Vicchio (Firenze) - Musumeci S.p.A., Quart (Aosta), 144 pp.
D’Achiardi, G. (1905) I minerali dei marmi di Carrara. Parte II. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 21, 236-264 (Parte II); Giampaoli, A. (1905) I minerali accessori dei marmi di Carrara. Tipografia Sanguinetti, Carrara; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Camarda, S., Chinellato, M., Appiani, R., Del Chiaro, L., and Sanguineti, G. (2019) Minerals from marbles of Carrara and the Apuan Alps. LoGisma editore, Vicchio (Firenze) - Musumeci S.p.A., Quart (Aosta), 144 pp.
Japan
 
  • Gunma Prefecture
Matsubara, S. & Miyawaki, R. (2005) Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 31, 1-6.; 松原聰, & 宮脇律郎. (2005). 群馬県西ノ牧鉱山産パラ鶏冠石とアラクラン石. Bulletin of the National Science Museum. Series C, Geology & paleontology, 31, 1-6.
New Zealand
 
  • Waikato Region
    • Hauraki District
      • Waihi
Rod Martin personal collection
North Macedonia
 
  • Kavadarci Municipality
    • Rožden
Rieck, B. (1993): Famous mineral localities: Allchar, Macedonia, Mineralogical Record, 24 (6), 437-449; Percival, T.J. & Radtke, A.S. (1994): Sedimentary-rock-hosted disseminated gold mineralization in the Alšar district, Macedonia. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 649-655.; Boevl, B., Bermanec, V., Serafimovski, T., Lepitkoval, S., & Mikulcic, S. (2001). Allchar Mineral Assemblage. Geologica Macedonica, Vol. 15-16, p. 1-23 (2001-2002) Suppl
  • Lipkovo Municipality
Kolitsch, U., Đorđević, T., Tasev, G., Serafimovski, T., Boev, I., Boev, B. (2018): Supergene mineralogy of the Lojane Sb-As-Cr deposit, Republic of Macedonia: Tracing the mobilization of toxic metals. Geologica Macedonica 32, 95-117.
Peru
 
  • Huancavelica
    • Castrovirreyna Province
Hyrsl, J. & Rosales, Z. (2006) New mineral finds in Peru (2000-2006). Mineral Up (Barcelona), 1(1), 4-21.; Min Rec 39:95-99
    • Huancavelica Province
      • Huachocolpa District
Pérez-Puig Obieta, C.R., Yparraguirre Calderón, J.A. (2013) El distrito Polimetálico de Huachocolpa (Huancavelica, Perú) [The Polymetallic Mining District of Huachocolpa (Huancavelica, Peru)]. Acopios, 4: 1-57.
Romania
 
  • Covasna
    • Covasna (Kovászna)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F. (Eds.) (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Sfantu Gheorghe, etc.
  • Harghita
Ed.:Szakáll S.-Kristály F.2010:Mineralogy of Székelyland,Eastern Transylvania,Romania
  • Maramureș
    • Baia Sprie (Felsőbánya)
Dion Glastra specimen
Minerals of Carpathians,2004
  • Suceava
Koller G.2009,Own found
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Krai
OT. Ljostad collection
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica District
Ďuďa R., Pauliš P., 2004: Minerály Slovenskej republiky. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 134p
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov District
      • Červenica
Duda,R. et. all.,1981: MIneralogia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca,Monografia 2, Bratislava, 98p
Spain
 
  • Asturias
    • Lena
      • Pola de Lena
A Borrelli collection
Switzerland
 
  • Grisons
    • Bernina Region
      • Poschiavo
Romani E. (2000): Andar per cristalli - Tesori nascosti. Centro studi del Museo mineralogico naturalistico di Bormio, 151 p.
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Binn
        • Fäld
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 297.
Cannon, R., Hensel, H. & Raber, T. (2008): Der Reckibach-Dolomit im Binntal, Schweiz: Mineralbestand und Neufunde. Lapis, 33 (3), 20-28; 50. (in German)
Taiwan
 
  • New Taipei City
    • Jui-Fang Town
Turkey
 
Erik Vercammen collection
Erik Vercammen collection and field observations (1988)
UK
 
  • Wales
    • Powys
      • Old Radnor
Cotterell, T., Green, D., Hubbard, N., Mason, J.S., Starkey, R., Tindle, A. (2011) The Mineralogy of Dolyhir Quarry, Old Radnor, Powys, Wales. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, 32, 5-61.
USA
 
  • California
    • Kern Co.
www.mineralsocal.org
        • Kramer Borate deposit
  • Nevada
    • Douglas Co.
      • Wellington Hills
        • Silver Glance Mining District (Wellington Mining District)
          • Wellington
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Carlin Trend
        • Maggie Creek Mining Subdistrict
MinRec 26(5):449-469.
      • Lynn Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Golconda Mining District
Handbook of Mineralogy; A. G. Roberts, H. G. Ansell, and M. Bonardi (1980) Pararealgar, a new polymorph of AsS, from British Columbia. Can. Mineral.,l8, 525-527.
      • Osgood Mountains
        • Potosi Mining District
          • Adam Peak
Handbook of Mineralogy; Bowell, R. J., Perkins, W. F., Tahija, D., Ackerman, J., & Mansanti, J. (2005). Application of LAICPMS to trouble shooting mineral processing problems at the Getchell mine, Nevada. Minerals engineering, 18(8), 754-761.
Bowell, R. J., & Parshley, J. V. (2005). Control of pit-lake water chemistry by secondary minerals, Summer Camp pit, Getchell mine, Nevada. Chemical Geology, 215(1-4), 373-385.
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan Mining District
          • Manhattan
Excalibur mineral list CATALOG 21001 - Vol. XXXVII, No. 1
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
J. Cianciulli, Curator, Franklin Mineral Museum
  • Oregon
    • Lane Co.
      • Trent
Microprobe, Fall 2007
  • Washington
    • King Co.
      • Palmer
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