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Manganese Oxides

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About Manganese OxidesHide

A review on these minerals has been published by Post (1999).


Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0017794AkhtenskiteKondrashev Y D, Zaslavskii A I (1951) The structure of the modifications of manganese oxide Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR 15 179-18619510293
0001300BirnessitePost J E, Veblen D R (1990) Crystal structure determinations of synthetic sodium, magnesium and potassium birnessite using TEM and the Rietveld method sample is Na-birn American Mineralogist 75 477-48919900293
0001301BirnessitePost J E, Veblen D R (1990) Crystal structure determinations of synthetic sodium, magnesium and potassium birnessite using TEM and the Rietveld method American Mineralogist 75 477-48919900293
0001302BirnessitePost J E, Veblen D R (1990) Crystal structure determinations of synthetic sodium, magnesium and potassium birnessite using TEM and the Rietveld method American Mineralogist 75 477-48919900293
0002932BirnessiteLanson B, Drits V A, Feng Q, Manceau A (2002) Structure of synthetic Na-rich birnessite: Evidence for a triclinic one-layer unit cell American Mineralogist 87 1662-167120020293
0004276BirnessiteLopano C L, Heaney P J, Post J E, Hanson J, Komarneni S (2007) Time-resolved structural analysis of K-and Ba-exchange reactions with synthetic Na-birnessite using synchrotron X-ray diffraction American Mineralogist 92 380-3872007synthetic0293
0004277BirnessiteLopano C L, Heaney P J, Post J E, Hanson J, Komarneni S (2007) Time-resolved structural analysis of K-and Ba-exchange reactions with synthetic Na-birnessite using synchrotron X-ray diffraction American Mineralogist 92 380-3872007synthetic0293
0004947BirnessiteLopano C L, Heaney P J, Post J E (2009) Cs-exchange in birnessite: Reaction mechanisms inferred from time-resolved X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy American Mineralogist 94 816-82620090293
0004948BirnessiteLopano C L, Heaney P J, Post J E (2009) Cs-exchange in birnessite: Reaction mechanisms inferred from time-resolved X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy American Mineralogist 94 816-82620090293
0004949BirnessiteLopano C L, Heaney P J, Post J E (2009) Cs-exchange in birnessite: Reaction mechanisms inferred from time-resolved X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy American Mineralogist 94 816-82620090293
0001262CoronaditePost J E, Bish D L (1989) Rietveld refinement of the coronadite structure sample from Morocco American Mineralogist 74 913-91719890293
0001263CoronaditePost J E, Bish D L (1989) Rietveld refinement of the coronadite structure sample from Broken Hill American Mineralogist 74 913-91719890293
0009758CryptomelanePost J E, Von Dreele R B, Buseck P R (1982) Symmetry and cation displacements in hollandites: structure refinements of hollandite, cryptomelane and priderite Acta Crystallographica B38 1056-10651982Chindwara, India0293
0016237CryptomelaneVicat J, Fanchon E, Strobel P, Tran Qui D (1986) The structure of K1.33Mn8O16 and cation ordering in hollandite-type structures _cod_database_code 1008322 Acta Crystallographica B42 162-1671986synthetic0293
0011832GroutiteWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Crystal Structures 1 290-29519630293
0013941GroutiteKohler T, Armbruster T, Libowitzky E (1997) Hydrogen bonding and Jahn-Teller distortion in groutite, alpha-MnOOH, and manganite, gamma-MnOOH, and their relations to the manganese dioxides ramsdellite and pyrolusite Journal of Solid State Chemistry 133 486-5001997Nchwaning Mine, Kalahari manganese field, Republic of South Africa0293
0002024HausmanniteBaron V, Gutzmer J, Rundlof H, Tellgren R (1998) The influence of iron substitution on the magnetic properties of hausmannite, Mn(Fe,Mn)2O4 American Mineralogist 83 786-79319980295
0002025HausmanniteBaron V, Gutzmer J, Rundlof H, Tellgren R (1998) The influence of iron substitution on the magnetic properties of hausmannite, Mn(Fe,Mn)2O4 American Mineralogist 83 786-79319980295
0002026HausmanniteBaron V, Gutzmer J, Rundlof H, Tellgren R (1998) The influence of iron substitution on the magnetic properties of hausmannite, Mn(Fe,Mn)2O4 American Mineralogist 83 786-79319980295
0018122HausmanniteAminoff G (1926) Ueber die Kristallstruktur von Hausmannit (Mn Mn2 O4). _cod_database_code 1011262 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 64 475-49019260293
0009759HollanditePost J E, Von Dreele R B, Buseck P R (1982) Symmetry and cation displacements in hollandites: structure refinements of hollandite, cryptomelane and priderite Acta Crystallographica B38 1056-10651982Stuor Njuoskes, Sweden0293
0014428HollanditeMiura H (1986) The crystal structure of hollandite Mineralogical Journal 13 119-1291986Gowari Wadhona, India0293
0010565ManganiteBuerger M J (1936) The symmetry and crystal structure of manganite, Mn(OH)O Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 95 163-1741936Ilfeld, Germany0293
0017927ManganiteGarrido J (1935) Structure cristalline de la manganite. _cod_database_code 1011020 Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Seances de l'Academie des Sciences 200 69-7119350293
0013942ManganiteKohler T, Armbruster T, Libowitzky E (1997) Hydrogen bonding and Jahn-Teller distortion in groutite, alpha-MnOOH, and manganite, gamma-MnOOH, and their relations to the manganese dioxides ramsdellite and pyrolusite Journal of Solid State Chemistry 133 486-5001997Nchwaning Mine, Kalahari manganese field, Republic of South Africa0293
0008112PyrochroiteParise J B, Theroux B, Li R, Loveday J S, Marshall W G, Klotz S (1998) Pressure dependence of hydrogen bonding in metal deuteroxides: a neutron powder diffraction study of Mn(OD)2 and beta-Co(OD)2. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 25 130-13719980293
0008113PyrochroiteParise J B, Theroux B, Li R, Loveday J S, Marshall W G, Klotz S (1998) Pressure dependence of hydrogen bonding in metal deuteroxides: a neutron powder diffraction study of Mn(OD)2 and beta-Co(OD)2. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 25 130-13719980.7293
0008114PyrochroiteParise J B, Theroux B, Li R, Loveday J S, Marshall W G, Klotz S (1998) Pressure dependence of hydrogen bonding in metal deuteroxides: a neutron powder diffraction study of Mn(OD)2 and beta-Co(OD)2. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 25 130-13719982.4293
0008115PyrochroiteParise J B, Theroux B, Li R, Loveday J S, Marshall W G, Klotz S (1998) Pressure dependence of hydrogen bonding in metal deuteroxides: a neutron powder diffraction study of Mn(OD)2 and beta-Co(OD)2. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 25 130-13719984.6293
0008116PyrochroiteParise J B, Theroux B, Li R, Loveday J S, Marshall W G, Klotz S (1998) Pressure dependence of hydrogen bonding in metal deuteroxides: a neutron powder diffraction study of Mn(OD)2 and beta-Co(OD)2. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 25 130-13719987.8293
0011790PyrochroiteWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Crystal Structures 1 239-44419630293
0011760PyrolusiteWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Crystal Structures 1 239-44419630293
0017791PyrolusiteKondrashev Y D, Zaslavskii A I (1951) The structure of the modifications of manganese oxide Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR 15 179-18619510293
0003565RamsdellitePost J E, Heaney P J (2004) Neutron and synchrotron X-ray diffraction study of the structures and dehydration behaviors of ramsdellite and "groutellite" American Mineralogist 89 969-97520040293
0017793RamsdelliteKondrashev Y D, Zaslavskii A I (1951) The structure of the modifications of manganese oxide Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR 15 179-18619510293
0001188TodorokitePost J E, Bish D L (1988) Rietveld refinement of the todorokite structure American Mineralogist 73 861-86919880293
0001189TodorokitePost J E, Bish D L (1988) Rietveld refinement of the todorokite structure American Mineralogist 73 861-86919880293
0001190TodorokitePost J E, Bish D L (1988) Rietveld refinement of the todorokite structure American Mineralogist 73 861-86919880293
0002955TodorokitePost J E, Heaney P J, Hanson J C (2003) Synchrotron X-ray diffraction study of the structure and dehydration behavior of todorokite American Mineralogist 88 142-15020030293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Synonyms of Manganese OxidesHide

Other Language Names for Manganese OxidesHide

Simplified Chinese:氧化锰矿物
Traditional Chinese:氧化錳礦物

Varieties of Manganese OxidesHide

Manganese DendritesBlack dendritic films of various visually indistinguishable black manganese oxides, may consist of birnessite, coronadite, cryptomelane, hollandite, romanèchite, todorokite or other species. Many manganese minerals have similar strong X-ray poweder diffr...

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
55 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with QuartzSiO2
39 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
36 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with CalciteCaCO3
19 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with WulfenitePb(MoO4)
17 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
14 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with RhodochrositeMnCO3
13 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with CampylitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
12 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
11 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with HematiteFe2O3
11 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Manganese OxidesHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Feng, Q., Kanoh, H., and Ooi, K. (1999) Manganese oxide porous crystals. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 9, 319-333.
Post, J.E. (1999) Manganese oxide minerals: crystal structures and economic and environmental significance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 96, 3447-3454.

Internet Links for Manganese OxidesHide

Significant localities for Manganese OxidesHide

Showing 36 significant localities out of 12,867 recorded on mindat.org.

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Jujuy Province
    • Susques department
[Psilomelane] Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Burnie City
      • Hampshire district
        • Kara Mines
[Ranciéite] Bottrill (unpub)
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Weeli Wolli Creek Area
        • Mining Area C (Northern Flank; Packsaddle)
[Pyrolusite] J M Bennett Collection
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Melk District
      • Raxendorf
        • Pfaffenhof
          • Pölla
[Todorokite] NIEDERMAYR, Gerhard & POSTL, Walter (1992a): 876. Todorokit aus einem Graphitvorkommen von Pfaffenhof bei Raxendorf, Niederösterreich.- In: NIEDERMAYR, Gerhard et al.: Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XIL, Carinthia II, 182/102, Teil 1, 138, Klagenfurt.
Brazil
 
  • Mato Grosso do Sul
    • Corumbá
[Cryptomelane] Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
[Pyrolusite] Steve Sorrell Collection; Sir John William Dawson (1891) The geology of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island: or Arcadian Geology 4th ed. MacMillan Edinburgh
France
 
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Saône-et-Loire
      • Mâcon
        • La Chapelle-de-Guinchay
          • Romanèche-Thorens
[Romanèchite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 954; Lapis (1989): 1: 6.
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Foix
        • Vicdessos
          • Sem
[Ranciéite] [American Mineralogist, 54, 1741-1742 (1969); MinRec 9:133]
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis
        • Triberg im Schwarzwald
          • Gremmelsbach
[Pyrolusite] No reference listed
  • Lower Saxony
    • Peine District
      • Ilsede
[Groutite]
  • Thuringia
    • Ilm District
      • Ilmenau
        • Langewiesen
[Hausmannite] HAUSMANN, J.F.L. (1813): Blättricher Schwarz-Braunstein.- Handbuch der Mineralogie, Vol. 1, p. 293. Göttingen
    • Nordhausen District
      • Harztor
        • Ilfeld
[Manganite] No reference listed
India
 
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Chhindwara District (Chindawara District; Chindwara District)
[Hollandite] Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114; Biagioni, C., Capalbo, C., Pasero, M. (2013): Nomenclature tunings in the hollandite supergroup. European Journal of Mineralogy 25, 85-90.
Italy
 
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Parma Province
      • Varsi
[Todorokite] Adorni F., Battilocchi G., Bersani D., Bo S., Calderini V. (2005) - Rocca Predellara e La Pianazza, Varsi, Appennino Parmense - Mineral Parma, Anno IV, n.1, 5-8.
  • Sicily
    • Enna Province
      • Pietraperzia
Gaetano Sicurella collection (2006)
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Shiribeshi Subprefecture
      • Yoichi District
[Todorokite] Introduction to Japanese Minerals (Geological Survey of Japan, 1970)
Namibia
 
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein
      • Kombat
[Coronadite] XRD confirmed by Maria Atanasova , Council of Geoscience, Pretoria
Portugal
 
  • Setúbal
    • Santiago do Cacém
      • Cercal
[Pyrolusite] Rui Nunes' collection
Russia
 
  • Bashkortostan
[Vernadite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Kusinsky District
      • Magnitka
[Akhtenskite] [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape
    • Kalahari manganese field
[Todorokite] Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302; Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA, pg 249
Sweden
 
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
[Pyrochroite] [Am Min 50 (1965), 1296; MinRec 1:165]
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Aberdeenshire
      • Ellon
[Birnessite] Jones, L.H.P., Milne, A.A. (1956) Birnessite, a new manganese oxide mineral from Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine: 31: 283-288. Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177.
Ukraine
 
  • Kirovohrad Oblast
    • Haivoron district
[Groutite] Dominik Schlaefli - collection
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
      • Tombstone Mining District
[Cryptomelane] Richmond, W.E. & M. Fleischer (1942), Cryptomelane, a new name for the commonest of the 'psilomelane' minerals, American Mineralogist: 27: 607-610.
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Copper Mountain Mining District (Clifton-Morenci Mining District)
        • Copper Plate Gulch
          • Coronado vein
            • Coronado Mine (Coronado Mining Co. property; Arizona Copper Co. group [in part])
[Coronadite] AmMin.: 27 (1942): 48; AmMin.: 74 (1989): 913; Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997).
  • Connecticut
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Salisbury
        • Salisbury Mining District
[Pyrolusite] Schairer, J. F. (1931), The Minerals of Connecticut. State Geological and Natural History Survey Bulletin 51. Former Miller collection.
  • Maine
    • Oxford County
      • Albany
[Todorokite] King, V. T., 2009, Maine Feldspar, Families, and Feuds.
  • Maryland
    • Carroll Co.
      • Medford
[Todorokite] Mr. Fred Parker, Columbia, MD.
  • Minnesota
    • Crow Wing Co.
      • Cuyuna North Range
        • Ironton
[Groutite] Gruner, J.W. (1947) Groutite, HMnO2, a new mineral of the diaspore-goethite group. American Mineralogist: 32: 654-659.
[Groutite] Amer.Min.(1945) 30, 169
  • Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
      • White Pine Mining District
        • Silver Belt
          • Treasure Hill
            • Summit area
[Aurorite] NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
[Feitknechtite] Frondel, C.: Am. Min.:38:761-769 (1953); Wadsley, A.D.: Am. Min.:40:349-353 (1955); Dunn(1995):Pt4:591-592.
  • New Mexico
    • Sierra Co.
[Ramsdellite] Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
  • Vermont
    • Bennington Co.
[Romanèchite] Matthew Lambert
 
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