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Pennantite

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About PennantiteHide

08668880014947046865413.jpg
Thomas Pennant
Formula:
Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Colour:
Orange-red, red-brown, brown, dark red, dark green, black
Lustre:
Waxy, Greasy
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Specific Gravity:
2.89 - 3.07
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1946 by Walter Campbell Smith, Frederick Allen Bannister, and Max Hutchinson Hey in honor of Thomas Pennant [14 June {Old Style}, 1726 Whitford, Flintshire, Wales, United Kingdom - 16 December 1798 Whitford, Flintshire, Wales], author, naturalist, and antiquary.
Forms solid solution series with clinochlore and chamosite.
However, Abrecht (1989) gave evidence for a miscibility gap between pennantite and clinochlore.

Compare also gonyerite, a chemically similar, but Al-free Mn-member of the chlorite group.


Classification of PennantiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.EC.55

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.4.1.8

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
4 : Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
16.16.7

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
16 : Aluminosilicates of Mn

Physical Properties of PennantiteHide

Waxy, Greasy
Transparency:
Translucent
Comment:
Pearly on cleavage
Colour:
Orange-red, red-brown, brown, dark red, dark green, black
Hardness:
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Flexible
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {001}
Fracture:
Micaceous
Density:
2.89 - 3.07 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.18 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PennantiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.646 nβ = 1.661 nγ = 1.661
Birefringence:
0.015
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.015
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X= pinkish orange, orange-buff, reddish brown
Y=Z= orange, yellowish orange, very dark brown

Chemical Properties of PennantiteHide

Formula:
Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
IMA Formula:
Mn2+5Al(Si3Al)O10(OH)8
Common Impurities:
Fe,Zn,Mg,Ba,H2O

Crystallography of PennantiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.45 Å, b = 9.50 Å, c = 14.40 Å
α = 90°, β = 97.3°, γ = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.574 : 1 : 1.516
Unit Cell V:
739.52 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Lamellar crystals and flakes

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
14.3 Å(40)
12.6 Å(5)
7.1 Å(100)
4.75 Å(30)
3.57 Å(80)
2.85 Å(20)
2.70 Å(40)
2.60 Å(10)
2.43 Å(80)
2.30 Å(20)
2.10 Å(5)
2.03 Å(40)
1.908 Å(15)
1.683 Å(30)
1.585 Å(20)
1.574 Å(30)
1.537 Å(20)
1.440 Å(5)
1.428 Å(5)
1.361 Å(5)
1.335 Å(10)
1.322 Å(5)
1.300 Å(5)
1.246 Å(5)
1.150 Å(10)
1.117 Å(10)
1.059 Å(15)
Comments:
ICDD 29-884

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Hydrothermal alteration of manganese minerals

Type Occurrence of PennantiteHide

Synonyms of PennantiteHide

Other Language Names for PennantiteHide

German:Pennantit
Spanish:Pennantita

Varieties of PennantiteHide

Fe-pennantite"Pennantite" with Fe>Mn (thus possibly chamosite).
Not submitted to the IMA.

Relationship of Pennantite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8Tric. 1
BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8Mon.
ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m
DonbassiteAl4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Fe3+Mn2+3Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8Tric. 1 : P1
Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8Orth.
Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8Mon.
Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8Mon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Pennantite associated with RhodochrositeMnCO3
2 photos of Pennantite associated with RoeblingitePb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
2 photos of Pennantite associated with CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
2 photos of Pennantite associated with Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
2 photos of Pennantite associated with HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
2 photos of Pennantite associated with Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
2 photos of Pennantite associated with ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
2 photos of Pennantite associated with WillemiteZn2SiO4
1 photo of Pennantite associated with FriedeliteMn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
1 photo of Pennantite associated with QuartzSiO2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EC.05MinnesotaiteFe2+3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.05TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.05WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.9.EC.VoloshiniteRb(LiAl1.51.5)(Al0.5Si3.5)O10F2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.10FerripyrophylliteFe3+Si2O5(OH)Mon.
9.EC.10PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1
9.EC.15BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15Chernykhite(Ba,Na)(V3+,Al,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon.
9.EC.15ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15Tobelite(NH4,K)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15FerroaluminoceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15ChromceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon.
9.EC.15Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20EphesiteNaLiAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Tric.
9.EC.20HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20SiderophylliteKFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.20FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TetraferrianniteKFe2+3(Si3Fe3+)O10(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20FluoranniteKFe2+3(Si3Al)O10F2Mon.
9.EC.20ShirokshiniteKNaMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20ShirozuliteKMn2+3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20SokolovaiteCsLi2Al(Si4O10)F2Mon.
9.EC.20AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20UM2004-49-SiO:AlCsFHKLi(Cs,K)(Al,Li)2.6((Si,Al)4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20Suhailite(NH4)Fe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20OrloviteKLi2Ti(Si4O10)OFMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.20OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.30MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.35Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.35Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2Mon.
9.EC.35Oxykinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40Kurumsakite(Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V5+2Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)Orth.
9.EC.40Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40VolkonskoiteCa0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.40Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
9.EC.45HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.45SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.45SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
9.EC.45Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.45SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45ZincsiliteZn3(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.45FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.50VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
9.EC.55Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8Tric. 1
9.EC.55Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8Mon.
9.EC.55ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.55Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m
9.EC.55FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Fe3+Mn2+3Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8Orth.
9.EC.55Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8Mon.
9.EC.55Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
9.EC.55SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8Mon.
9.EC.55DonbassiteAl4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.55BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.60AliettiteCa0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.60Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2OOrth.
9.EC.60DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12Mon.
9.EC.60HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.60Karpinskite(Ni,Mg)2Si2O5(OH)2 (?)Mon.
9.EC.60KulkeiteMg8Al(AlSi7O20)(OH)10Mon.
9.EC.60LunijianlaiteLi0.7Al6.2(AlSi7O20)(OH,O)10Mon.
9.EC.60Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.
9.EC.60Saliotite(Li,Na)Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)5Mon.
9.EC.60TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2OMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.60BrinrobertsiteNa0.3Al4(Si4O10)2(OH)4 · 3.5 H2OMon.
9.EC.65Macaulayite(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.70BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
9.EC.75Ferrisurite(Pb,Ca)2.4Fe3+2(Si4O10)(CO3)1.7(OH)3 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.75Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.75Niksergievite(Ba,Ca)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(CO3)(OH)6 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.80KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8Mon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

71.4.1.1DonbassiteAl4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
71.4.1.2Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m
71.4.1.3SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8Mon.
71.4.1.4ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
71.4.1.5Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8Mon.
71.4.1.6Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8Tric. 1
71.4.1.7Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.16.1KanonaiteMn3+Al(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
16.16.2SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
16.16.3DavreuxiteMnAl6Si4O17(OH)2Mon.
16.16.4SursassiteMn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
16.16.5CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
16.16.6KellyiteMn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
16.16.8AkatoreiteMn2+9Al2Si8O24(OH)8Tric.
16.16.9Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2OMon.
16.16.10Mangano-ferri-eckermannite{Na}{Na2}{Mn2+4Fe3+}Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
16.16.11Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
16.16.13HowieiteNa(Fe,Mn)10(Fe,Al)2Si12O31(OH)13Tric.
16.16.14Eggletonite(Na,K,Ca)2(Mn,Fe)8(Si,Al)12O29(OH)7 · 11H2OMon.
16.16.15Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
16.16.16Taneyamalite(Na,Ca)(Mn,Mg,Fe)12Si12(O,OH)44Tric.
16.16.17ZussmaniteK(Fe,Mg,Mn)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14Trig. 3 : R3
16.16.18CoombsiteK(Mn,Fe,Mg)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14Trig.
16.16.19HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
16.16.20MacfalliteCa2Mn3+3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3Mon.
16.16.21Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon.
16.16.22Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
16.16.23OkhotskiteCa2Mn3+Mn3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
16.16.24Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
16.16.25Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.

Fluorescence of PennantiteHide

Not fluorescent in ultraviolet light

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PennantiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1947): 32: 254.
Canadian Mineralogist (1983): 21: 545.
Abrecht, J. (1989): Manganiferous phyllosilicate assemblages: Occurrences, compositions, and phase relations in metamorphosed manganese deposits. Contributions to Mineralogy and Pe-trology 103, 228-241.

Internet Links for PennantiteHide

Localities for PennantiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Sankt Barbara im Mürztal
        • Veitsch
          • Kleinveitsch
            • Kaiblinggraben
Francis, C.A. (2004)
  • Tyrol
    • Innsbruck-Land District
      • Navis
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T., Auer, C. (2019): 2113) Akatoreit(?), Albit, Ardennit-(As), Ardennit-(V), „Ardennit-(Si)“, Baryt, Brandtit(?) (oder unbenanntes Ca2Mn(AsO4)2?), Coelestin, Fluorapatit, Fluorcalcioroméit, Frankdicksonit(?), Friedelit, Ganophyllit(?), Hämatit, Hausmannit, Hollandit, Jacobsit, Klinochlor, Kutnohorit, Manganberzeliit, Manganiandrosit-(La)-Manganiakasakait-(La)-Mischkristalle, Muskovit, Opal(?), Pennantit, Piemontit(?), Pyrobelonit, Pyrophanit, Quarz, Rhodochrosit, Rhodonit, Sarkinit, Schallerit, Spessartin, Svabit, Tephroit, Tilasit und Tiragalloit vom Navisbach, Navistal, Nordtirol. Pp. 251-260 in Walter, F. et al. (2019): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVIII. Carinthia II, 209./129., 237-362.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Ne
Matteo Chinellato specimen
        • Reppia
          • Monte Copello
Palenzona, A. (1990): I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Aggiornamento 1990. Amici Mineralogisti Fiorentini - Associazione Piemontese Mineralogia Paleontologia & Mostra Torinese Minerali - Centro Mineralogico Varesino - Gruppo Mineralogico "A. Negro" Coop Liguria (GE) - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Gruppo Mineralogico Paleontologico "3M" Ferrania (SV), Ed., Milano, 48 pp.
Japan
 
  • Tochigi Prefecture
    • Kanuma City
Akira Kato (undated manuscript): Country rock and Minerals of the Kaso mine, Kanuma City, Tochigi Prefecture. (in japanese)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karaganda Region
    • Karazhal
      • Ushkatyn deposits (Ushkatan)
Hey, M. H., & Embrey, P. G. (1974). Twenty-eighth list of new mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine, 39(308), 903-932.
      • Zhayrem (Zhairem)
Frank Dzubeck; Kayupova, M.M. (1965) Doklady of the Academy of Sciences U.S.S.R., Earth Science sections, 163, 97-100.
Frank Dzubeck; Vereshchagin, O.S., Britvin, S.N., Perova, E.N., Brusnitsyn, A.I., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Shilovskikh, V.V., Bocharov, V.N., van der Burgt, A., Cuchet, S., Meisser, N. (2019): Gasparite-(La), La(AsO4), a new mineral from Mn ores of the Ushkatyn-III deposit, Central Kazakhstan, and metamorphic rocks of the Wanni glacier, Switzerland. American Mineralogist 104, 1469-1480.
Romania
 
Hirtopanu, P. (2006). One hundred minerals for one hundred years (dedicated to the Centennial of the Geological Institute of Romania). In 3rd Conference on Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians, Miskolc Hungary. Acta Mineralogica–Petrographica, Abstract series (Vol. 5, p. 86).
  • Maramureș
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu; Udubasa, G., Hartopanu, P., Ilinca, G. (1996). The Regionally metamorphosed Fe-Mn Ore Deposit at Razoare, Preluca Mts., Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy, 77, 3-20.
Russia
 
  • Khakassia
    • Askizsky Rayon
      • Askiz ore district
Kassandrov, E. G., & Mazurov, M. P. (2009). Magmatogenic manganese ores of the South Minusa Intermontane Trough. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 356.
Kassandrov, E. G., & Mazurov, M. P. (2009). Magmatogenic manganese ores of the South Minusa Intermontane Trough. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 356.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Vhembe District
Minerals of South Africa - Bruce Cairncross & Roger Dixon pg 52
Sweden
 
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (1984): Kleinod des Nordens - Harstigen in Schweden. Magma 2/1984, 12-30.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Leuk
      • Turtmann-Unterems
        • Turtmann Valley
          • Pipjitälli
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
UK (TL)
 
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Lleyn Peninsula
        • Llanfaelrhys
          • Rhiw
Campbell, et al (1946); Canadian Mineralogist:21(1983):545.; UK Journal of mines & Minerals, number 29 pp47-48; Am Min (1955) 40:32-40; W. Campbell Smith and F. A. Bannister (1948) Ganophyllite from the Benallt Mine, Rhiw, Carnarvonshire Mineralogical Magazine 28:343-352
USA
 
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Dunn, P.J., et al: Am.Min.:68:1033-1037 (1983); Dunn(1995):Pt4:471.; Bayliss, P. (1983). Polytypes of pennantite. Canadian Mineralogist, 21(3), 545-547.
  • New Mexico
    • Hidalgo Co.
      • Pyramid Mountains
        • Lordsburg District
          • Lordsburg
Jerry Cone Collection
  • North Carolina
    • Alleghany Co.
      • Sparta
        • Bald Knob
Rocks & Min.: 60:130-135.; Bayliss, P. (1983). Polytypes of pennantite. Canadian Mineralogist, 21(3), 545-547.
  • South Dakota
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone Mining District
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Washington
    • Chelan Co.
      • Chiwawa Mining District
        • Trinity
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975; Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
      • Leavenworth Mining District
        • Leavenworth
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • King Co.
      • Snoqualmie Mining District
        • Snoqualmie Pass
          • Source Lake
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
      • Taylor River & Snoqualmie Mining Districts
        • Quartz Creek
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Snohomish Co.
      • Index Mining District
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
      • Monte Cristo Mining District
        • Monte Cristo
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Stevens Co.
      • Huckleberry Range
        • Deer Trail & Cedar Canyon Mining Districts
          • Deer Trail Mining District
            • Adams Mountain
Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975
 
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