登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography

Minnesotaite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About MinnesotaiteHide

Formula:
Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Colour:
Greenish-gray to olive green
Lustre:
Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Specific Gravity:
3.01
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
For its occurrence in the state of Minnesota.
Compare also ferripyrophyllite.




Classification of MinnesotaiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.EC.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.2.1.5

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
2 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
14.21.9

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
21 : Silicates of Fe and Mg

Physical Properties of MinnesotaiteHide

Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Transparency:
Translucent
Comment:
Low luster is common
Colour:
Greenish-gray to olive green
Streak:
White
Hardness:
1½ - 2 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Micaceous on {001}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Comment:
Usually fine-grained
Density:
3.01 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.97 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of MinnesotaiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.578 - 1.583 nβ = 1.578 - 1.622 nγ = 1.615 - 1.623
2V:
Measured: 4°
Birefringence:
0.037-0.040
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.037 - 0.040
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v moderate
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X= pale green
Z= colorless to pale greenish yellow

Chemical Properties of MinnesotaiteHide

Formula:
Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Common Impurities:
Ti,Al,Mn,Ca,Na,K,H2O

Crystallography of MinnesotaiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.623(2) Å, b = 9.419(2) Å, c = 9.624(3) Å
α = 85.21(3)°, β = 95.64(3)°, γ = 90.00°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.597 : 1 : 1.022
Unit Cell V:
505.46 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Usually fine-grained dense masses of microscopic plates or needles
Twinning:
Inferred from single crystal X-ray analysis

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.54 Å(100)
4.78 Å(20)
3.18 Å(50)
2.76 Å(30)
2.66 Å(40)
2.54 Å(30)
2.53 Å(50)
2.21 Å(20)
Comments:
2.54 and 2.53 frequently overlap; 41-594

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Low grade metamorphosed banded iron formations; also hydrothermal alteration around sulphide veins.

Type Occurrence of MinnesotaiteHide

Synonyms of MinnesotaiteHide

Other Language Names for MinnesotaiteHide

Simplified Chinese:铁滑石
Spanish:Minnesotaita

Relationship of Minnesotaite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
FerripyrophylliteFe3+Si2O5(OH)Mon.
PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1
TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2Mon.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EC.05TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.05WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.9.EC.VoloshiniteRb(LiAl1.51.5)(Al0.5Si3.5)O10F2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.10FerripyrophylliteFe3+Si2O5(OH)Mon.
9.EC.10PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1
9.EC.15BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15Chernykhite(Ba,Na)(V3+,Al,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon.
9.EC.15ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15Tobelite(NH4,K)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15FerroaluminoceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15ChromceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon.
9.EC.15Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20EphesiteNaLiAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Tric.
9.EC.20HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20SiderophylliteKFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.20FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TetraferrianniteKFe2+3(Si3Fe3+)O10(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20FluoranniteKFe2+3(Si3Al)O10F2Mon.
9.EC.20ShirokshiniteKNaMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20ShirozuliteKMn2+3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20SokolovaiteCsLi2Al(Si4O10)F2Mon.
9.EC.20AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20UM2004-49-SiO:AlCsFHKLi(Cs,K)(Al,Li)2.6((Si,Al)4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20Suhailite(NH4)Fe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20OrloviteKLi2Ti(Si4O10)OFMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.20OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.30MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.35Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.35Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2Mon.
9.EC.35Oxykinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40Kurumsakite(Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V5+2Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)Orth.
9.EC.40Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40VolkonskoiteCa0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.40Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
9.EC.45HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.45SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.45SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
9.EC.45Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.45SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45ZincsiliteZn3(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.45FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.50VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
9.EC.55Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8Tric. 1
9.EC.55Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8Mon.
9.EC.55ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.55Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m
9.EC.55FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Fe3+Mn2+3Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8Orth.
9.EC.55Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8Mon.
9.EC.55Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
9.EC.55PennantiteMn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Tric.
9.EC.55SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8Mon.
9.EC.55DonbassiteAl4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.55BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.60AliettiteCa0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.60Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2OOrth.
9.EC.60DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12Mon.
9.EC.60HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.60Karpinskite(Ni,Mg)2Si2O5(OH)2 (?)Mon.
9.EC.60KulkeiteMg8Al(AlSi7O20)(OH)10Mon.
9.EC.60LunijianlaiteLi0.7Al6.2(AlSi7O20)(OH,O)10Mon.
9.EC.60Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.
9.EC.60Saliotite(Li,Na)Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)5Mon.
9.EC.60TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2OMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.60BrinrobertsiteNa0.3Al4(Si4O10)2(OH)4 · 3.5 H2OMon.
9.EC.65Macaulayite(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.70BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
9.EC.75Ferrisurite(Pb,Ca)2.4Fe3+2(Si4O10)(CO3)1.7(OH)3 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.75Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.75Niksergievite(Ba,Ca)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(CO3)(OH)6 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.80KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8Mon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

71.2.1.1PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1
71.2.1.2FerripyrophylliteFe3+Si2O5(OH)Mon.
71.2.1.3TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
71.2.1.4WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.21.1OlivineOrth.
14.21.2Ringwoodite(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
14.21.3Wadsleyite(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)Orth.
14.21.4ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.21.5Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
14.21.6Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
14.21.7 Magnesiocummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.21.8Grunerite☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.21.10Chesterite(Mg,Fe)17Si20O54(OH)6Orth.
14.21.11Jimthompsonite(Mg,Fe)5Si6O16(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
14.21.12Clinojimthompsonite(Mg,Fe)5Si6O16(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.21.13MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
14.21.14Balangeroite(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Mn2+)42Si16O54(OH)40Mon.

Fluorescence of MinnesotaiteHide

Not fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MinnesotaiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1944): 29: 363-372.
Canadian Mineralogist (1986): 24: 479-497.

Internet Links for MinnesotaiteHide

Localities for MinnesotaiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Tennant Creek
Skirrow, R.G. (1993) The genesis of gold-copper-bismuth deposits, Tennant Creek, Northern Territory, PhD thesis (unpublished) Australian National University.
  • Victoria
    • Northern Grampians Shire
      • Stawell
http://www.earth2006.org.au/papers/extendedpdf/Wilson.pdf#search=%22Magdala%20gold%20deposit%22
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
      • Tom Price
Barley, M.E., Pickard, A.L., Hagemann, S.G., and Folkert, S.L. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 784-789.
      • Wittenoom
        • Wittenoom Gorge
Grubb, P. L. C. (1971). Silicates and their paragenesis in the Brockman Iron Formation of Wittenoom gorge, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 66(2), 281-292.
    • Cue Shire
      • Madoonga Station
Gole, M. (1980) Mineralogy and petrology of very-low metamorphic grade Archaean banded iron formations, Weld Range, Western Australia. American Mineralogist, 65(1-2), 8-25.
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Weeli Wolli Creek Area
Lascelles, D. F. (2006): Economic Geology 101, 1359-1376.
    • Yalgoo Shire
      • Retaliation Goldfield
        • Mount Gibson Conservation Reserve
Lascelles, D.F. (2006) The Mount Gibson Banded Iron Formation-Hosted Magnetite Deposit: Two Distinct Processes for the Origin of High Grade Iron Ore. Economic Geology, 101(3) 651-666.
Brazil
 
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Parauapebas
        • Alemão Cu deposit
Grainger, C.J., Groves, D.I., Tallarico, F.H.B., and Fletcher, I.R. (2008) Metallogenesis of the Carajás Mineral Province, Southern Amazon Craton, Brazil: Varying styles of Archean through Paleoproterozoic to Neoproterozoic base- and precious-metal mineralisation. Ore Geology Reviews: 33: 451-489.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Slocan Mining Division
      • Riondel
Handbook of Mineralogy. Grice, J.D., Gault, R.A. (1977) The Bluebell Mine, Riondel, British Columbia, Canada. The Mineralogical Record 8:1, 33-36. Guggenheim, S., Eggleton, R.A. (1986) Structural modulations in iron-rich and magnesium-rich minnesotaite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 24:3, 479-497.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
Klein, C. and Fink, R.P. (1976) Petrology of the Sokoman Iron Formation in the Howells River area, at the western edge of the Labrador Trough. Economic Geology: 71(2): 453-487.
Klein, C. and Fink, R.P. (1976) Petrology of the Sokoman Iron Formation in the Howells River area, at the western edge of the Labrador Trough. Economic Geology: 71(2): 453-487.
  • Ontario
    • Nipissing District
      • Strathy Township
Fyon, A.J. and Crocket J.H. (1986) Exploration Potential for Base and Precious Metal Mineralization in Part of Strathy Township, Temagami Area. Ontario Geological Survey, Open File Report, OFR5591: p. 23.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Rouyn-Noranda TE
Galley, A.G., Jonasson, I.R., and Watkinson, D.H. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 619-637.; Econ Geol. (1995) 90:2006-2017
    • Côte-Nord
      • Caniapiscau RCM
Guggenheim, Stephen and Eggleton, Richard A. (1986) Structural modulations in iron-rich and magnesium-rich minnesotaite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 24(3): 479-497.
Guggenheim, Stephen and Eggleton, Richard A. (1986) Structural modulations in iron-rich and magnesium-rich minnesotaite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 24(3): 479-497.; Lesher, Carl M. (1978) Mineralogy and petrology of the Sokoman Iron Formation near Ardua Lake, Quebec. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 15: 480-500.
Guggenheim, Stephen and Eggleton, Richard A. (1986) Structural modulations in iron-rich and magnesium-rich minnesotaite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 24(3): 479-497.
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Xilingol League (Xilinguole Prefecture)
      • Erenhot City (Erlianhaote Co.)
        • Wenduermiao Fe deposit
Feng Xiancan, Yang Ruiying, Song Guisen, Li Chenggui, and Lu Guojun (1986) Acta Mineralogica Sinica: 6(4): 333-337.
  • Shanxi
    • Lüliang
      • Lan County
Jinchu Zhu and Fusheng Zhang (1987) Mineral Deposits: 6(1): 11-21.
  • Sichuan
    • Bazhong
      • Nanjiang Co.
Hongbing Hao and Wei Zhang (2001) Acta Geologica Sichuan: 21(1): 35-38.
Czech Republic
 
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Křižanov
Fuksová, A. (2010) Geologická dokumentace lomu Bory u Velkého Meziříčí (moldanubikum), BP, Katedra geologie PřF UP: 34-38.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Kittilä
Paakkola, Juhani (1971) The volcanic complex and associated manganiferous iron formation of the Porkonen-Pahtavaara area in Finnish Lapland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande 247.
India
 
  • Karnataka
    • Tumkur District
      • Chitradurga belt
Saravanan, C.S., and Mishra, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 597-605.
Ireland
 
  • Connacht
    • County Galway
      • Killimor
Schultz, R.W. (1966) Econ. Geol. 61, 311-42.; Ryback, G., Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.; Gaines et al. (1997) Dana's System of Mineralogy.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Monviso
Nisio P. and Lardeaux, J.M. (1987) Retromorphic Fe-rich talc in Low-T eclogites: example from Monviso (Italian W. Alps). Bulletin de Minéralogie: 110: 427-437.
  • Sardinia
    • Nuoro Province
      • Gadoni
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Romania
 
Hirtopanu, P. (2006). One hundred minerals for one hundred years (dedicated to the Centennial of the Geological Institute of Romania). In 3rd Conference on Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians, Miskolc Hungary. Acta Mineralogica–Petrographica, Abstract series (Vol. 5, p. 86).
  • Suceava
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
South Africa
 
  • North West
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
Hammond, N. Q. & Moore, J. M. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 483-503.
  • Northern Cape
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Murcia
    • Sierra de Cartagena
Gaines et al. 1997, Dana's System of Mineralogy
Sweden
 
  • Örebro County
    • Hällefors
      • Hjulsjö
Baker, J.H. (1985) Greenalite, Mg-Rich Minnesotaite and Stilpnomelane from the Ösjöberg and Sirsjöberg Iron-Ore Mines, Hjulsjö, W. Bergslagen, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine: 49: 611-613.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
Clarke, A.H. (1970) American Mineralogist, 55, pp. 283-284.; Ryback, G., Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.; Handbook of Mineralogy.
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
      • Wilson Springs (Potash Sulfur Springs)
Rocks & Min.: 63:108.
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Bozhilov, K. N. & B. W. Evans (2001): Ferroanthophyllite in Rockport grunerite: A transmission electron microscopy study. (American Mineralogist 86(10):1252-1260)
  • Michigan
    • Baraga Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
      • Champion
Rocks & Min.:58:111 & 61:328.
      • Palmer
Rocks & Min.:58:111.
      • Republic
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Minnesota
Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
    • Crow Wing Co.
Blake, R.L. (1965) Iron phyllosilicates of the cuyuna district in Minnesota. American Mineralogist: 50: 148-169.; Guggenheim, Stephen and Bailey, S.W. (1983) The superlattice of minnesotaite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20(4): 579-584.
USGS Prof Paper 407
        • Riverton
Blake, R.L. (1965) Iron phyllosilicates of the cuyuna district in Minnesota. American Mineralogist: 50: 148-169.; Guggenheim, Stephen and Eggleton, Richard A. (1986) Structural modulations in iron-rich and magnesium-rich minnesotaite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 24(3): 479-497.
Morey, G.B. and Southwick, David L. (1993) Stratigraphic and sedimentological factors controlling the distribution of epigenetic manganese deposits in iron-formation of the Emily District, Cuyuna Iron Range, east-central Minnesota. Economic Geology: 88: 104-122.
    • Itasca Co.
      • Mesabi Range
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • St. Louis Co.
Guggenheim, Stephen and Bailey, S.W. (1983) The superlattice of minnesotaite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20(4): 579-584.
Can Mineral September 1986 v. 24 no. 3 p. 479-497
Am Min 29:363-372
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
55TH INSTITUTE ON LAKE SUPERIOR GEOLOGY (2009) PROCEEDINGS VOLUME 55 p. 70-71
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
55TH INSTITUTE ON LAKE SUPERIOR GEOLOGY (2009) PROCEEDINGS VOLUME 55 p. 54-55
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • New Mexico
    • McKinley Co.
NMBMMR Memoir 38 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region 1979
  • Washington
    • Ferry Co.
      • Belcher Mining District
        • Cooke Mountain
Can Mineral February 1998 v. 36 no. 1 p. 147-162 ; Rasmussen, M. G., Evans, B. W., & Kuehner, S. M. (1998). Low-temperature fayalite, greenalite, and minnesotaite from the Overlook gold deposit, Washington; phase relations in the system FeO-SiO 2-H 2 O. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36(1), 147-162.
  • Wisconsin
    • Ashland Co.
Cordua, W.S. (1998) Minerals of Wisconsin. Rocks and Minerals: 73(6): 378-398.
    • Iron Co.
      • Gogebic Range
        • Montreal
Cordua, W.S. (1998) Minerals of Wisconsin. Rocks and Minerals: 73(6): 378-399.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2020年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2020.2.23 08:38:51 Page generated: 2020.2.18 01:01:05
Go to top of page