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Ephesite

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About EphesiteHide

01729650015968356134890.jpg
Façade of the Celsus library, Ephesus, Turkey
Formula:
NaLiAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Colour:
Translucent pink
Hardness:
3½ - 4½
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named for the ancient city (10th century BC to 15th century AD) of Ephesus, Turkey, near where the mineral was originally found.

Classification of EphesiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1851
8/H.11-130
9.EC.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.2.2b.16

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
2 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
16.2.8

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
2 : Aluminosilicates of Na

Physical Properties of EphesiteHide

Colour:
Translucent pink
Hardness:
3½ - 4½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of EphesiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.592 - 1.595 nβ = 1.624 - 1.625 nγ = 1.625 - 1.627
2V:
Measured: 18° to 28°, Calculated: 18° to 28°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.033
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of EphesiteHide

Formula:
NaLiAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
IMA Formula:
NaLiAl2(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
Common Impurities:
Ti,Fe,Mn,Mg,Ca,Ba,K

Crystallography of EphesiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.12 Å, b = 8.85 Å, c = 19.3 Å
β = 95.08°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.579 : 1 : 2.181
Unit Cell V:
nan ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0014816EphesiteSlade P G, Schultz P K, Dean C (1987) Refinement of the ephesite structure in C1 symmetry Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1987 275-2871987Postmasburg, district, South Africa0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of EphesiteHide

Reference:
Smith, J.L. (1851) Memoir on Emery - Second Part - On the minerals associated with emery: corundum, hydrargillite, diaspore, zinc spinel, pholerite, ephesite (a new species), emerylite (a new species), muscovite, chloritoid (a new variety), black tourmaline, chlorite, magnetic oxyd of iron, oligiste iron, hydrated oxyd of iron, iron pyrites, rutile, ilmenite and titaniferous iron. American Journal of Science: 11: 53-66.

Synonyms of EphesiteHide

Other Language Names for EphesiteHide

Relationship of Ephesite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
BalestraiteKLi2V5+Si4O12Mon. 2 : B2
BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
GarmiteCsLiMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon.
HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
LepidoliteA Li-rich mica in, or close to, the so-called Polylithionite-Trilithionite series.Mon.
Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
ShirozuliteKMn2+3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
SokolovaiteCsLi2Al(Si4O10)F2Mon.
Suhailite(NH4)Fe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon.
TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
ZinnwalditeMica Group.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Ephesite associated with BixbyiteMn3+2O3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EC.BalestraiteKLi2V5+Si4O12Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.05MinnesotaiteFe2+3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.05TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.05WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.9.EC.VoloshiniteRb(LiAl1.51.5)(Al0.5Si3.5)O10F2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.10FerripyrophylliteFe3+Si2O5(OH)Mon.
9.EC.10PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1
9.EC.15BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15Chernykhite(Ba,Na)(V3+,Al,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon.
9.EC.15ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15Tobelite(NH4,K)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15FerroaluminoceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15ChromceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon.
9.EC.15Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20SiderophylliteKFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.20FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TetraferrianniteKFe2+3(Si3Fe3+)O10(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20FluoranniteKFe2+3(Si3Al)O10F2Mon.
9.EC.20ShirokshiniteKNaMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20ShirozuliteKMn2+3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20SokolovaiteCsLi2Al(Si4O10)F2Mon.
9.EC.20AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20UM2004-49-SiO:AlCsFHKLi(Cs,K)(Al,Li)2.6((Si,Al)4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20Suhailite(NH4)Fe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20OrloviteKLi2Ti(Si4O10)OFMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.20OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.30MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.35Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.35Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2Mon.
9.EC.35Oxykinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40Kurumsakite(Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V5+2Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)Orth.
9.EC.40Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40VolkonskoiteCa0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.40Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
9.EC.45HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.45SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.45SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
9.EC.45Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.45SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45ZincsiliteZn3Si4O10(OH)2 · 4H2O (?)Mon.
9.EC.45FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.50VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
9.EC.55Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8Tric. 1
9.EC.55Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8Mon.
9.EC.55ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.55Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m
9.EC.55FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Fe3+Mn2+3Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8Orth.
9.EC.55Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8Mon.
9.EC.55Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
9.EC.55PennantiteMn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Tric.
9.EC.55SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8Mon.
9.EC.55DonbassiteAl4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.55BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.60AliettiteCa0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.60Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2OOrth.
9.EC.60DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12Mon.
9.EC.60HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.60Karpinskite(Ni,Mg)2Si2O5(OH)2 (?)Mon.
9.EC.60KulkeiteMg8Al(AlSi7O20)(OH)10Mon.
9.EC.60LunijianlaiteLi0.7Al6.2(AlSi7O20)(OH,O)10Mon.
9.EC.60Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.
9.EC.60Saliotite(Li,Na)Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)5Mon.
9.EC.60TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2OMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.60BrinrobertsiteNa0.3Al4(Si4O10)2(OH)4 · 3.5 H2OMon.
9.EC.65Macaulayite(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.70BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
9.EC.75Ferrisurite(Pb,Ca)2.4Fe3+2(Si4O10)(CO3)1.7(OH)3 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.75Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.75Niksergievite(Ba,Ca)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(CO3)(OH)6 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.80KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8Mon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

71.2.2b.1PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
71.2.2b.3AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
71.2.2b.4TetraferrianniteKFe2+3(Si3Fe3+)O10(OH)2Mon.
71.2.2b.5SiderophylliteKFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
71.2.2b.6HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
71.2.2b.8PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
71.2.2b.9TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon.
71.2.2b.11NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
71.2.2b.12Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
71.2.2b.13Sodium PhlogopiteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
71.2.2b.14Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
71.2.2b.15PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.2.1AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
16.2.2AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
16.2.3UssingiteNa2AlSi3O8OHTric. 1 : P1
16.2.4ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
16.2.5NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Fdd2
16.2.6Tetranatrolite
16.2.7ParanatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2OMon. m : Bb
16.2.9Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.
16.2.10JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6Mon.
16.2.11Brammallite

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for EphesiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Smith, J.L. (1851) Memoir on Emery - Second Part - On the minerals associated with emery: corundum, hydrargillite, diaspore, zinc spinel, pholerite, ephesite (a new species), emerylite (a new species), muscovite, chloritoid (a new variety), black tourmaline, chlorite, magnetic oxyd of iron, oligiste iron, hydrated oxyd of iron, iron pyrites, rutile, ilmenite and titaniferous iron. American Journal of Science: 11: 53-66.
Slade, P. G., Schultz, P. K., Dean, C. (1987) Refinement of the ephesite structure in C1 symmetry. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1987: 275-287.
Schaller, W. T., Carron, M. K., Fleischer, M. (1967) Ephesite, Na(LiAl2)(Al2Si2)O10(OH)2, a trioctahedral member of the margarite group, and related brittle micas. American Mineralogist: 52: 1689-1696. [http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM52/AM52_1689.pdf]
Rieder, M. et al. (1998) Nomenclature of the micas. The Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 905-912.

Internet Links for EphesiteHide

Localities for EphesiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Horn District
      • Drosendorf-Zissersdorf
Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (1989): 761. Ephesit aus den Korund führenden Pegmatiten von Wolfsbach, SE Drosendorf. Pp. 256-257 in Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F., Kirchner, E., Moser, B. & Postl, W. (1989): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XXXVIII. Carinthia II, 179./99., 231-268; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Krems-Land District
      • Mühldorf
        • Amstall
GOLDMANN, Christoph & LÖFFLER, Erwin (2008): Die Mineralienfundstellen des Graphitbergbaues Amstall, NÖ.- Mefos, 19/35, 4-34, A-D, Wien; Ertl, A. (2019): 2125) Ein hellblaues Mineralgemenge aus Paragonit und Muskovit vom Türkisgraben, Amstall, Niederösterreich. Pp. 284-285 in Walter, F. et al. (2019): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVIII. Carinthia II, 209./129., 237-362.
Greece
 
  • East Macedonia and Thrace
    • Rhodope
      • Arriana
Mposkos, E., & Perraki, M. (2012). Preiswerkite, Ca-(Mg, Fe)-paragonite and Ca-“ephesite” in metadiorite from the HP Kechros Metamorphic Complex in Eastern Rhodope, NE Greece. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology Sofia 49, 33-48.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
[Semenov, E. (2001): Notes on Ephesite, Terskite, Na-Komarovite, Ceriopyrochlore-(Ce), Joaquinite-(Ce) and other minerals from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 123-125], [Mineralogical Record - Vol 24 No 2]; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Guyana
 
  • Cuyuni-Mazaruni Region
    • Omai
Voicu, G., & Bardoux, M. (2002). Geochemical behavior under tropical weathering of the Barama–Mazaruni greenstone belt at Omai gold mine, Guiana Shield. Applied geochemistry, 17(3), 321-336.
North Macedonia
 
  • Kavadarci Municipality
    • Rožden
Percival, T.J. & Radtke, A.S. (1994): Sedimentary-rock-hosted disseminated gold mineralization in the Alšar district, Macedonia. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 649-655.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Auenlandet
        • Sagåsen
Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
Russia
 
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Voznesenskii ore District
Ryazantseva, M. D. (2001) Southwest Primorye (the Voznesenka Ore District). pp125-136 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Ryazantseva, M. D. (2001) Southwest Primorye (the Voznesenka Ore District). pp125-136 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape
    • Gloucester Farm
de Villiers, J. E. (1943): Gamagarite, a new vanadium mineral from the Postmasburg manganese deposits. American Mineralogist: 28, 329-335.
Rob Lavinsky (ex. Charlie Key specimen)
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995), Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 182.
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
; Minerals of South Africa; Schaller W T, Carron M K, Fleischer M (1967) Ephesite, Na(LiAl2)(Al2Si2)O10(OH)2, a trioctahedral member of the margarite group, and related brittle micas, American Mineralogist, 52, 1689-1696
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Minerals of South Africa; Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Tajikistan
 
  • Gorno-Badakhshan
    • Murghob
      • Rangkul
Elena S. Sorokina, Andrey K. Litvinenko, Wolfgang Hofmeister, Tobias Häger, Dorrit E. Jacob, and Zamoniddin Z. Nasriddinov (2015): Rubies and sapphires from Snezhnoe, Tajikistan. Gems & Gemology 51, 160-175.
Turkey (TL)
 
  • Izmir Province
    • Selçuk District
      • Efes
Smith J L (1851) Memoir on Emery - Second Part - On the minerals associated with emery: corundum, hydrargillite, diaspore, zinc spinel, pholerite, ephesite (a new species), emerylite (a new species), muscovite, chloritoid (a new variety), black tourmaline, chlorite, magnetic oxyd of iron, oligiste iron, hydrated oxyd of iron, iron pyrites, rutile, ilmenite and titaniferous iron, American Journal of Science, 11, 53-66; Schaller, W. T., Carron, M. K., Fleischer, M. (1967): Ephesite, Na(LiAl2)(Al2Si2)O10(OH)2, a trioctahedral member of the margarite group, and related brittle micas, American Mineralogist, 52, 1689-1696. [http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM52/AM52_1689.pdf]; Contr. Min. Pet. 85 (1984), 74;
USA
 
  • Utah
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Wasatch Mountains (Wasatch Range)
        • Big Cottonwood Mining District
          • Brighton
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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