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Morenosite

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About MorenositeHide

Formula:
NiSO4 · 7H2O
Colour:
Apple green or greenish white; green in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Specific Gravity:
1.953
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
Named after Señor Antonio Moreno Ruiz (1796-1852), Spanish pharmacist and chemist, Academy of Natural Sciences, Madrid, Spain.
Epsomite Group; Epsomite-Morenosite Series.

A complete series exists to Epsomite.

Dehydrates to Retgersite.


Classification of MorenositeHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CB.40

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
29.6.11.3

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
6 : AXO4·xH2O
25.12.6

25 : Sulphates
12 : Sulphates of Co and Ni

Physical Properties of MorenositeHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Apple green or greenish white; green in transmitted light.
Streak:
White; faint green tint.
Hardness:
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {010}, distinct
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
1.953 g/cm3 (Measured)    1.93 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of MorenositeHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.467 nβ = 1.489 nγ = 1.492
2V:
Measured: 42° , Calculated: 40°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.025
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
relatively weak

Chemical Properties of MorenositeHide

Formula:
NiSO4 · 7H2O
IMA Formula:
Ni(SO4) · 7H2O

Crystallography of MorenositeHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
2 2 2 - Disphenoidal
Space Group:
P21 21 21
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.86 Å, b = 12.08 Å, c = 6.81 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.982 : 1 : 0.564
Unit Cell V:
975.66 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Artificial crystals are short prismatic [001]. Occurs naturally as efflorescent crusts of indistinct crystals and fibers; stalactitic.

Type Occurrence of MorenositeHide

Synonyms of MorenositeHide

Other Language Names for MorenositeHide

Varieties of MorenositeHide

Magnesian MorenositeA magnesium-bearing variety of morenosite, containing Mg in substitution for Ni up to the 1:1 ratio with Mg, after which the material in the series is epsomite (50% rule).

Relationship of Morenosite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
6 photos of Morenosite associated with RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
3 photos of Morenosite associated with PennineMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
2 photos of Morenosite associated with Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
2 photos of Morenosite associated with PyrrhotiteFe7S8
2 photos of Morenosite associated with SideriteFeCO3
1 photo of Morenosite associated with Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
1 photo of Morenosite associated with AragoniteCaCO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteAl2Fe2(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.6.11.1EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
29.6.11.2GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.12.1BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.12.2CobaltzippeiteCo(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.12.3Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
25.12.4Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
25.12.5RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
25.12.7NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.12.8Nickelboussingaultite(NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.12.9NickelzippeiteNi2(UO2)6(SO4)3(OH)10 · 16H2O Mon.
25.12.10Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.12.11Honessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
25.12.12Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
25.12.13Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.

Other InformationHide

Magnetism:
Paramagnetic
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MorenositeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Cronstedt A. (1758) Mineralogie; eller Mineral-Rikets Upstallning. 12mo, Stockholm: 114 (as Nickel-Viktril & Vitriolum ferrum et nicolum continens).
Hunt in: Dana, J.D. (1850) System of Mineralogy, 3rd. Edition, New York: 679.
von Kobell (1852) Gel. Anz. Akademie der Wissenschaften, Munich: 35: 215 (as Pyromelin).
von Kobell (1853) Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 58: 44 (as Pyromelin).
Marignac (1855) Arch. sc. phys. nat. Genève: [1]: 14: 238.
Fulda (1864) Ann. Chem. Pharm.: 131: 213.
Topsøe and Christiansen (1874) Annalen der Physik, Ergzbd.: 6: 549.
Dufet (1878) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 1: 58.
Wyrouboff (1880) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 3: 73.
Blasius (1885) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 10: 238.
Pisani (1892) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 15: 48.
Laspeyres (1893) Verh. nat. Verein, Bonn: 143: 375.
Retgers (1895) Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Leipzig, Berlin: 16: 577.
Gossner (1907) Berichte: 40: 2374.
Goldschmidt, V. (1920) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 6: 63.
Ulrich (1921) Casopis Mus. Cesk.: 95: 123.
Longchambon (1922) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 45: 239.
Beevers and Schwartz (1935) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 91: 157.
Cavinato (1937) Reale accademia nazionale dei Lincei, Rome, Att.: [6]: 25: 399.
Cavinato (1938) Periodico de Mineralogia-Roma: 9: 141.
Hutton (1947) American Mineralogist: 32: 553.
Casares (1949) (see Alcibar in Rivista di mineralogia e cristallografia italiana, Padua: 305 [1850])(as Sulfato de niquel).
Frondel, C. and Palache, C. (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 188.
Casares (1851) Rivista di mineralogia e cristallografia italiana, Padua: 176 (as Sulfato de nickel & Morenosita).
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 516-519.
Ptasiewicz-Bak, H., I. Olovsson, and G.J. McIntyre (1997) Charge density in orthorhombic NiSO4·7H2O at room temperature and 25K: Acta Crystallographica: 53: 325-336.
Xinxin Zhuang, Genbo Su, Guofu Wang, Guohui Li, and Zixiang Huang (2004): Structure, growth and optical properties of Zn0.24Ni0.76(SO4).7H2O single crystal. Crystal Research and Technology 39, 754-758.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 91: 157-169.

Internet Links for MorenositeHide

Localities for MorenositeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Menzies Shire
      • Menangina Station
Mineralogical Magazine 1977 41 : 37-41; Min Mag (1979) 43, 97-98; Matthew J. Sciberras, Peter Leverett, Peter A. Williams, David E. Hibbs, Peter J. Downes, Mark D. Welch and Anthony R. Kampf (2013) Paratacamite-(Ni,Cu3(Ni,Cu)Cl2(OH)6, a new mineral from the Carr Boyd Rocks mine, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 17:39-44
    • Wiluna Shire
      • Mount Keith
Grguric, B.A. (2003) Minerals of the MKD5 nickel deposit, Mount Keith, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 9, No.2 pp.55-71.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Hüttenberg
        • Hirt
          • Griesserhof (Gulitzen; Gullitzen)
H. Meixner: Carinthia II, special ed. no. 20, 95-106 (1956)
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Gmünd in Kärnten
Pichler, A. (2009) Bergbau in Westkärnten, Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. Verlag des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Kärnten, Klagenfurt, Sonderheft 63, 416 pages [in German].
        • Radlgraben
MEIXNER, H. (1958): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XVI. Carinthia II, 148./68., 91-109.
  • Salzburg
    • St. Johann im Pongau District
      • Mühlbach am Hochkönig
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • Zell am See District
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba
    • Tapacari Province
Dr. Fritz Berndt collection (Dr. Frank Keutsch analysis)
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Ring of Fire
        • BMA527862 Area
Reiner Mielke 2014
    • Sudbury District
      • Denison Township
Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
Reiner Mielke 2011
      • Drury Township
Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Sudbury: Nickel Capital of the World. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 79-84; 157-158.
      • Whitefish Falls Area
Dana 6: 940; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 518.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • La Motte
Sabina (2003)126
Mineralogical Record (1976): 7(4): 174-178.
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 518; Duda, Rejl, Slivka: "Mineralien", 1991
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
MinRec 20:287-288
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Waldshut
        • St Blasien
          • Horbach
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Franconia
      • Hof
        • Bad Steben
          • Lichtenberg
            • Lichtenberg Copper Mines
Dana 6:940.
  • Hesse
    • Darmstadt
      • Bergstraße
        • Bensheim
          • Hochstädten
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Giessen Region
      • Lahn-Dill
        • Dillenburg
          • Oberscheld
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
      • Limburg-Weilburg
        • Villmar
          • Langhecke
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Kassel Region
      • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
        • Nentershausen
          • Süß
            • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
      • Rammelsberg
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Olpe
        • Kirchhundem
          • Silberg
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
        • Wenden
          • Möllmicke
Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Hilchenbach
          • Müsen
Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Kreuztal
          • Littfeld
Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Siegen
          • Achenbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
          • Eiserfeld
            • Kohlenbach Valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Cologne
      • Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis
        • Rösrath
          • Altenrath
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
    • The Ruhr
      • Essen
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Altenkirchen
      • Betzdorf-Gebhardshain
        • Schutzbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Wissen
        • Schönstein (Steckenstein)
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
      • Bad Ems
        • Bad Ems
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
  • Saxony
    • Bautzen District
      • Sohland an der Spree
Frenzel, M. (2009): Nimit und weitere Neufunde aus der Nickelgrube Sohland a.d. Spree(Sachsen): Lapis 34(4): 44-45
  • Thuringia
    • Saale-Orla-Kreis
      • Bad Lobenstein
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion mining district
          • Sounion
            • Cato Sounio mines
Rieck, B. (1999) Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 24(7-8), 68-76; 90 (in German). J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Iraq
 
  • Erbil Governorate
    • Soran District
      • Rawandiz (Rawanduz; Rowanduz)
        • Darband-Rayat area
Yassin, S.Z., Goff, J.C. (Eds.) (2006): Geology of Iraq. Dolin, Prague and Moravian Museum, Brno, 337 pp.
Ireland
 
  • Leinster
    • Co. Wicklow
      • Avoca
King, Robert Joseph, Evans, A. M., 1964. An occurrence of morenosite in Ireland, Mineralogical Magazine, 33 (267), p. 1110-1113
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Ayas
      • Champoluc
Boscardin, M., Colmelet, G. (1977) Morenosite della Val d'Ayas (Aosta). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1 [8], 2, 31-32; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007) Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
Boscardin M., Colmelet G. (1977) - Morenosite della Val d'Ayas - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 2 - 1977
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Castello, P. (1974): Il giacimento di amianto di Emarèse. Bull. Soc. Flore Valdôtaine, 28, 63-67; Castello, P. (1981): Il giacimento di amianto di Emarèse (AO). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 5, 3 (3-1981), 86-90.
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Castello, P. (1974): Il giacimento di amianto di Emarèse. Bull. Soc. Flore Valdôtaine, 28, 63-67; Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975): Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol., 472 pp.; Castello, P. (1981): Il giacimento di amianto di Emarèse (AO). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 5, 3 (3-1981), 86-90.
    • Valtournenche
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
C.M. Gramaccioli (1975)-Minerali alpini e Prealpini-Edizioni Atlas Bergamo
Cavinato A. (1938): Morenosite di Valtournanche. pp. 141-142. Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma and Rigault G. (1961) - Ricerche sulla morenosite di Valtournanche (Valle di Aosta) - Per. min. Roma, 30, Fasc. 1, pp. 81-109 and M. Boscardin - Infomzioni di mineralogia italiana, Morenosite di Valtournanche (Ao) - Notizie del Gruppo Min. Lombardo - Milano - Vol 1 - (March, 1973) pag. 5
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Chiesa in Valmalenco
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
              • Campo Franscia (Franscia)
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892. John Wiley & Sons, New York. Volume II: 518 (Val Malenco only in description but with reference to Cavinato's publication in the annexed table of selected analytical data).; DaDa
              • Campo Moro Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Avigliana
Cavinato, A. (1938) Morenosite di Valtournanche. Periodico di Mineralogia, 9, 141-142; Barresi, A. (1996) La Val di Susa e i suoi minerali. Volume I. Gruppo Mineralogico e Paleontologico C.A.I.-U.G.E.T., Torino, 37 pp.; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., and Lombardo, B. (2007) Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, L'Artigiana Srl - Azienda Grafica, Alba (Cuneo), 607 pp.
      • Condove
        • Laietto (Lajetto)
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Premosello Chiovenda
Scaini G. (1971): L'alunogeno della miniera del Nibbio a Mergozzo (Ossola). Natura, 42, (2), 230-231.; Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.
    • Vercelli Province
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Levico Terme
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Japan
 
  • Mie Prefecture
    • Toba City
Minakawa et al (1989) Sanko-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 27.; Go Ito, 2004.
Peru
 
  • Pasco
    • Pasco Province
      • Huayllay District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 498, 518.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jawor County
      • Gmina Męcinka
Paulo A. 1970: On the formation of retgersite from Chełmiec. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 1, 37-45
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Antonio Jesus Pimentel specimens; www.mindat.org/mesg-25-107652.html
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Verkhny Ufaley
      • Ufaley District (Ufalei District)
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Bliss, J.D., and Moring, B.C., 2011, Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1058.
South Africa
 
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Pilanesberg Alkaline Ring Complex
        • Pilanesberg Mountain
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Bellmunt del Priorat
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Cedeira
        • Teixidelo
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 518; Mineralogical Magazine (1964): 33: 1110; Duda, Rejl, Slivka: "Mineralien", 1991; Martínez Alcíbar, A. (1850) Raro e importante mineral de níquel. Revista Minera, 1, 302-306.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Zermatt - Saas Fee area
      • Matt Valley
        • Zermatt
          • Findel glacier (Findeln glacier; Findelen glacier) area
Christian Bracke Collection
          • Gorner glacier area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 282.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 282.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 282.
      • Saas Valley
        • Saas-Almagell
Van Hove C. collection
        • Saas-Fee
          • Fee Glacier
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 282.
UK
 
  • England
    • Staffordshire
      • Ecton
Ford, T., Sarjeant, A., and Smith, M. (1993): UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 13, 16-55
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Wickenburg
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 306; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 61.
  • California
    • Contra Costa Co.
      • Clayton
        • Mount Diablo (Mt Diablo)
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 263, 270, 273.
    • Imperial Co.
      • Coyote Mountains
        • Carrizo Mountain
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10033778.
      • Plaster City
Morton, P.K. (1977) Mines and mineral resources of Imperial County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 7, 104 pp.: 79-80; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 270.
    • Napa Co.
      • East Mayacmas Mining District
        • Pope Valley
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1096; Becker, George F. (1888b), Geology of the quicksilver deposits of the Pacific slope: USGS Monograph 13, atlas: 389; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 274; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 518.
    • San Diego County
      • Julian Mining District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 518; O'Donoghue, 1978 - "Encyclopedia of Minerals & Gemstones", p283.
Rocks & Minerals 82:402-407; Hudson, Frank Samuel (1922), Geology of the Cuyamaca region of California with special reference to the origin of the Nickeliferous pyrrhotite: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 13: 214, 217; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 270, 321.
    • San Luis Obispo Co.
      • Santa Lucia Mts (Santa Lucia Range)
        • Adelaide Mining District (Adelaide Klau Mining District)
          • Adelaida
            • Klau Mine group
Woodhouse, C.D. & R.M. Norris (1957a), A new occurrence of millerite American Mineralogist: 42: 113-115; Davis, Fenelon Francis and E.H. Bailey (1966) Mercury. California Division Mines and Geology Bulletin 191: 267, 270.
    • Trinity Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Island Mountain
          • Moose Peak
Stinson, Melvin Clarence (1957a), Geology of the Island Mountain copper mine, Trinity County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 53: 25; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 274; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 270.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District
        • Gold Hill
[O'Donoghue, 1978 - "Encyclopedia of Minerals & Gemstones", p283]
  • Missouri
    • Madison Co.
Sherwood, M. D., & Williams, G. A. (1998). Missouri mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 73(2), 98-117.
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Table Mountain Mining District
        • Cottonwood Canyon
          • Bolivia
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Nickel Deposits in Cottonwood Canyon, Churchill County, Nevada. Univ. of Nevada Bulletin Vol 33 No. 5 (1939) pp1-18
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lancaster Co.
      • Bart Township
        • Gap
Min.Rec.:21:103; Dana 6:1069; Dana 7:I:235,241; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 490, 518. R. C. Smith II, The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1966-1975, Special Publication No. 1, Friends of Mineralogy Pennsylvania Chapter, 1978.
  • Washington
    • Chelan Co.
      • Entiat Mining District
        • Winesap
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Snohomish Co.
      • Sultan Mining District
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
 
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