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Szmikite

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About SzmikiteHide

Formula:
MnSO4 · H2O
Colour:
Dirty-white, rose-red, pale red
Lustre:
Earthy
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.15
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named after Ignaz Szmik, mining official at Felsöbanya, Romania.

Classification of SzmikiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CB.05

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
29.6.2.3

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
6 : AXO4·xH2O
25.9.1

25 : Sulphates
9 : Sulphates of Mn

Physical Properties of SzmikiteHide

Earthy
Colour:
Dirty-white, rose-red, pale red
Hardness:
1½ on Mohs scale
Fracture:
Splintery
Density:
3.15 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of SzmikiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.562 nβ = 1.595 nγ = 1.632
2V:
Measured: 90° , Calculated: 90°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.070
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
strong

Chemical Properties of SzmikiteHide

Formula:
MnSO4 · H2O
IMA Formula:
Mn(SO4) · H2O

Crystallography of SzmikiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.76 Å, b = 7.66 Å, c = 7.12 Å
β = 115.85°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.013 : 1 : 0.93
Unit Cell V:
380.88 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Stalactitic masses with a botryoidal surface.

Type Occurrence of SzmikiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Efflorescences.

Other Language Names for SzmikiteHide

German:Szmikit
Spanish:Szmikita

Relationship of Szmikite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
SerrabrancaiteMnPO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Szmikite associated with RhodochrositeMnCO3
1 photo of Szmikite associated with KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteAl2Fe2(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.6.2.1KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
29.6.2.2SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
29.6.2.4Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
29.6.2.5GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
29.6.2.6Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.9.2JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
25.9.3MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.9.4ManganolangbeiniteK2Mn2(SO4)3Iso. 2 3 : P21 3
25.9.5Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.9.6DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
25.9.7ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
25.9.8ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
25.9.9Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
25.9.10MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
25.9.11Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.9.12Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.9.13Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SzmikiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
von Schröckinger, J. (1877) Vorträge. II. Szmikit, ein neues mangansulphat. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt: 1877: 115-117.
von Schröckinger, T.[J.?] (1877) Szmikit, ein neues Mangansulphat. Jahrbuch für Mineralogie: 729.
von Schröckinger, J. (Freiherr) (1877) A new sulphate of manganese. Mineralogical Magazine: 1: 262-262.
Larsen, E.S., Glenn, M.L. (1920) Some minerals of the melanterite and chalcanthite groups with optical data on the hydrous sulphates of manganese and cobalt. American Journal of Science: 50: 225-233.
Křepelka, J.H., Rejha, B. (1931) The anhydrous and the hydrated manganous sulphates. Part I. Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications: 3: 517-535.
Křepelka, J.H., Rejha, B. (1933) Solubility of the hydrates of manganous sulphate. Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications: 5: 67-75.
Pistorius, C.W.F.T. (1961) Crystallographic data for manganese(II) Sulphate Monohydrate (Artificial Szmikite). Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie: 307: 226-228.
Matsubara, S., Kato, A., Bunno, M. (1973) Occurrence of szmikite from the Toyoho mine, Hokkaido, Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum Tokyo: 16: 561-570.
Sabelli, C., Trosti-Ferroni, R. (1985) A structural classification of sulfate minerals. Periodico di Mineralogia: 54: 1-46 (32).
Comptes rendu de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: C 262: 632-635.
Wildner, M., Giester, G. (1991) The crystal structures of kieserite-type compounds. I. Crystal structures of Me(II)SO4·H2O (Me=Mn,Fe,Co,Ni,Zn). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1991: 296-306.
Buzgar, N., Buzatu, A., Sanislav, I.V. (2009) The Raman study on certain sulfates. Annalele Stiintifice ale Universitatii: 55: 5-23.
Ciriotti, M.E. (2010) Primo ritrovamento di szmikite in Italia: Miniera di Molinello, Val Graveglia, NE, Genova. Micro Periodico Dell'ami - Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italian: 2010: 142-145.

Internet Links for SzmikiteHide

Localities for SzmikiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Victoria
    • Towong Shire
      • Thologolong
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection; A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. W.D.Birch, 2013, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Deutschlandsberg District
      • Eibiswald
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Canada
 
  • Yukon
    • Mayo mining district
Sabina (1992) gsc mr 50, 80-84
        • Calumet
Jambor J L, Boyle R W (1962) Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill – Galena Hill area, Yukon, The Canadian Mineralogist 7, 209-218
        • Elsa
Jambor J L, Boyle R W (1962) Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill – Galena Hill area, Yukon, The Canadian Mineralogist 7, 209-218
Sabina (1992) GSC MP 50, 80-84
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Colmar-Ribeauvillé
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Greece
 
  • East Macedonia and Thrace
    • Evros
Skarpelis, N., & Triantafyllidis, S. (2004). Environmental impact from supergene alteration and exploitation of a high sulphidation epithermal type mineralisation (Kirki, NE Greece). Applied Earth Science, 113(1), 110-116.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Ne
Bortolozzi G., Kolitsch U. and Ciriotti M. (2010) - Primo ritrovamento di szmikite in Italia: Miniera di Molinello, Val Graveglia, Ne, Genova. Micro (UK report), 1, 142-145.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Hiyama Subprefecture
      • Hiyama District
        • Kaminokuni
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Nambu et al (1979) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi (JAMP), 74, 406-412.
    • Ishikari Subprefecture
      • Sapporo City
        • Minami-ku
Encyclopedia of Minerals, 2nd. edition: 842.
Romania (TL)
 
  • Maramureș
J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
1-Rădulescu Dan, Dimitrescu Radu, 1966, Mineralogia Topografică a României, Ed. Academiei RSR, 1966, p.322-323.; Damian, G.; Buzatu, A.; Apopei, I.A.; Szakács, Z.L.; Denuț, I.; Iepure, G.; Bârgăoanu, D. (2020) Valentinite and Colloform Sphalerite in Epithermal Deposits from Baia Mare Area, Eastern Carpathians. Minerals 10, 121.
Marias Francisc, 2005, Metallogeny of the Baia Mare Mining District-an approach based of the Cavnic hydrothermal system-comparison with other epithermal systems in the World. Ed. Cornelius, 2005, p. 376-377.
Udubasa, G., Hartopanu, P., Ilinca, G. (1996). The Regionally metamorphosed Fe-Mn Ore Deposit at Razoare, Preluca Mts., Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy, 77, 3-20.
Switzerland
 
  • Aargau
    • Mellikon
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
  • Grisons
    • Vorderrhein
      • Disentis
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
 
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