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Boyleite

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About BoyleiteHide

Formula:
(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Colour:
white
Lustre:
Earthy
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
2.41 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named after Dr. Robert William Boyle (June 3rd 1920–August 5th, 2003), Canadian geochemist, Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.
Rozenite Group.

Soluble in water; slowly alters to gunningite in a dry atmosphere.


Classification of BoyleiteHide

Approved
7.CB.15

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
29.6.6.5

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
6 : AXO4·xH2O
25.5.6

25 : Sulphates
5 : Sulphates of Zn and Hg

Physical Properties of BoyleiteHide

Earthy
Colour:
white
Hardness:
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
2.41 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BoyleiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.522 nβ = 1.531 nγ = 1.536
2V:
Measured: 70° , Calculated: 72°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.014
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of BoyleiteHide

Formula:
(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
IMA Formula:
Zn(SO4) · 4H2O

Crystallography of BoyleiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.95 Å, b = 13.60 Å, c = 7.96 Å
β = 90.4°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.438 : 1 : 0.585
Unit Cell V:
644.11 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Comment:
P 21/n

Type Occurrence of BoyleiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
reniform masses
Geological Setting of Type Material:
alteration of sphalerite

Synonyms of BoyleiteHide

Other Language Names for BoyleiteHide

German:Boyleit
Spanish:Boyleita

Relationship of Boyleite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Boyleite associated with GunningiteZnSO4 · H2O
1 photo of Boyleite associated with PyriteFeS2
1 photo of Boyleite associated with BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35AlpersiteMg(SO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteAl2Fe2(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.6.6.1RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.6.6.2StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.6.6.3Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
29.6.6.4Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
29.6.6.7CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
29.6.6.8MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.5.1ZinkositeZnSO4Orth.
25.5.2GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.5.3NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
25.5.4KtenasiteZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
25.5.5Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.7SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.8OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
25.5.9ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
25.5.10Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
25.5.11GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.12ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.5.13Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.5.15Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
25.5.16Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.17SchuetteiteHg2+3(SO4)O2Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
25.5.18Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)xIso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BoyleiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Walenta, K. (1978): Boyleit, ein neues Sulfatmineral von Kropbach im südlichen Schwarzwald. Chem. Erde. 37, 73–79.
American Mineralogist (1979): 64, 241, 464.
A. J. Blake, P. A. Cooke, P. Hubberstey and C. L. Sampson (2001): Zinc(II) sulfate tetrahydrate. Acta Crystallographica E57, i109-i111.
Anderson, J. L., Peterson, R. C., & Swainson, I. (2012). The atomic structure of deuterated boyleite ZnSO4· 4D2O, ilesite MnSO4· 4D2O, and bianchite ZnSO4· 6D2O. American Mineralogist, 97(11-12), 1905-1914.

Internet Links for BoyleiteHide

Localities for BoyleiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • San Juan Province
    • Iglesia Department
Bengochea, L., Lara, R. y Mas, G., 1996. Kalinita y boyleita. Sulfatos secundarios del Área Valle del Cura; San Juan. 3ra Reunión de Mineralogía y Metalogenia. Instituto de Recursos Minerales, UNLP. Publicación 5: 63-66.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Clive Co.
      • Clive
Anderson, J.L., Peterson, R.C., Swainson, I. (2012) The atomic structure of deuterated boyleite ZnSO4· 4D2O, ilesite MnSO4· 4D2O, and bianchite ZnSO4· 6D2O. American Mineralogist, 97(11-12), 1905-1914.
    • Durham Co.
      • Moonan Brook
        • Moonan
Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
    • Gough Co.
      • Strathbogie
Ashley, P.M., Lottermoser, B.G. (1999) Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood, P.G. (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen, 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science, U.N.E. Australia, 409-417.
Canada
 
  • New Brunswick
    • Gloucester Co.
      • Bathurst Parish
        • Bathurst Mining Camp
Anderson, J. L., Peterson, R. C., & Swainson, I. (2012) The atomic structure of deuterated boyleite ZnSO4· 4D2O, ilesite MnSO4· 4D2O, and bianchite ZnSO4· 6D2O. American Mineralogist: 97(11-12): 1905-1914.
  • Nunavut
    • Qikiqtaaluk Region
      • Baffin Island
        • Nanisivik
[MinRec 21:533]
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
CMMA Micro-News 41-1 (2007) W. Henderson & L. Horvath
  • Yukon
    • Mayo mining district
Handbook of Mineralogy
Costa Rica
 
  • Cartago Province
    • Irazú Volcano
Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz Arranz, A., Medina García, J., Rull Pérez, F., Calaforra, J. M., ... & De Waele, J. (2018). Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity.
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Kutná Hora District
Pauliš P., Malíková R., Pour O. (2015) Boyleit z odvalů staročeského pásma na Kaňku u Kutné Hory (Česká republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 23, 1, 43-45. ISSN 1211-0329.
Germany (TL)
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Münstertal
      • Kropbach
WALENTA, K. (1978): Boyleit, ein neues Sulfatmineral von Kropbach in Südlichen Schwarzwald. Chemie der Erde 37, Heft 1, 73-79.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
      • Rammelsberg
Jambor J L, Boyle R W (1962) Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill – Galena Hill area, Yukon, The Canadian Mineralogist 7, 209-218
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
      • Bad Ems
        • Frücht
SEM-EDS and XRD by Joy Desor and Gerhard Möhn
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Sounion area
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Ireland
 
  • Leinster
    • Co. Kilkenny
      • Johnstown
Balassone, G., Rossi, M., Boni, M., Stanley, G., and McDermott, P. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 168-186.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Benevento
      • Cusano Mutri
Del Prete S., Mele R., Allocca F., Bocchino B. (2002): Le miniere di bauxite di Cusano Mutri (Monti del Matese, Campania). Opera Ipogea, 4, 1, 3-44.
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Sarrabus-Gerrei
        • Gerrei
          • Villaputzu
Ciriotti M.E. & Blass.G. (2010): Pot-pourri 2009: identificazioni UKiS AMI. Minerali italiani di interesse. Micro (UK report), 2/2010, 124-127
Japan
 
  • Nagasaki
    • Tsushima Islands
      • Tsushima-Shimoshima island
        • Azu
Shimada (1982) Sanko-Gakkai Koen-Yoshi, 15.
Mexico
 
  • Guerrero
    • Taxco de Alarcón
Yta, M., Mundo, N. F., Gutiérrez, C. D., Tovar, R. M., Almazán, A. D., & Mendoza, O. T. (2005). Mineralogy and geochemistry of sulfide-bearing tailings from silver mines in the Taxco, Mexico area to evaluate their potential environmental impact. Geofísica internacional, 44(1), 49-64.
Norway
 
  • Rogaland
    • Sauda
Personal commentary Inge Bryhni, Oslo 1993. ID by XRD and semiquantitative spectrometric analysis.
Poland
 
  • Lesser Poland Voivodeship
    • Olkusz Co.
      • Gmina Olkusz
Cabała, J., & Bzowska, G. (2008). Sulphate speleothems in Pomorzany Zn–Pb ore mine, southern Poland. Kras i speleologia, 12(21), 59-76.
Russia
 
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
Eremin, O. V., Epova, E. S., Yurgenson, G. A., & Smirnova, O. K. (2014). Prognosis of Geoecological Consequences of Development of Deposits of the Bom-Gorkhon Tungsten Deposit (Transbaikalia). Chemistry for Sustainable Development, 22(2), 123-129.
Spain
 
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
        • Llano del Beal
          • Cabezo de Ponce
FMF Forum
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 82
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
Jeff Weissman collection (purchased from Excalibur Minerals)
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Malpais Mesa
Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., & Nash, B. P. (2016). PREPUBLICATION: Pauladamsite, Cu4 (SeO3)(SO4)(OH) 4· 2H2O, a new mineral from the Santa Rosa mine, Darwin district, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine.; Paul M. Adams (2017) The Santa Rosa mine, Inyo County, California. Minerlogical Record 48:755-777
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • Red Canyon
Kampf, A.R., Kasatkin, A.V., Čejka, J., Marty, J. (2015): Plášilite, Na(UO2)(SO4)(OH)•2H2O, a new uranyl sulfate mineral from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA. Journal of Geosciences. 60, 1-10
 
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