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Wupatkiite

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About WupatkiiteHide

Formula:
(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2O
Colour:
Light pink, pink-red
Lustre:
Silky
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
For the prehistoric Wupatki pueblo dwelling near the locality.
This page provides mineralogical data about Wupatkiite.


Classification of WupatkiiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1994
7.CB.85

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
29.7.3.7

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
7 : AB2(XO4)4·H2O

Physical Properties of WupatkiiteHide

Silky
Colour:
Light pink, pink-red
Streak:
White
Hardness:
1½ - 2 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of WupatkiiteHide

Type:
Biaxial
RI values:
nα = 1.477 nγ = 1.484
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.007
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of WupatkiiteHide

Formula:
(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2O
IMA Formula:
CoAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O

Crystallography of WupatkiiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.18 Å, b = 24.23 Å, c = 21.2 Å
β = 100.33°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.255 : 1 : 0.875
Unit Cell V:
3,123.06 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of WupatkiiteHide

Synonyms of WupatkiiteHide

Other Language Names for WupatkiiteHide

German:Wupatkiit
Spanish:Wupatkiita

Relationship of Wupatkiite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteAl2Fe2(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.7.3.1PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.7.3.2HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
29.7.3.3ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
29.7.3.4Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.7.3.5BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.7.3.6Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WupatkiiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Williams, S.A., Cesbron, F.P. (1995) Wupatkiite from the Cameron Uranium District, Arizona, a new member of the halotrichite group. Mineralogical Magazine: 59: 553-556.
Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., Roberts, A.C. (1996) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 81: 516-520.
Mandarino, J.A. (1996) Abstracts of New Mineral Descriptions. Mineralogical Record: 27: 394-395.
Hazen, R.M., Hystad, G., Golden, J.J., Hummer, D.R., Liu, C., Downs, R.T., Morrison, S.M., Ralph, J., Grew, E.S. (2017) Cobalt mineral ecology. American Mineralogist: 102: 108-116.

Internet Links for WupatkiiteHide

Localities for WupatkiiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
Vic Cloete collection; Frost, Raymond L. and Locke, Ashley J. and Martens, Wayde N. (2007) Thermal analysis of halotrichites. Thermochimica Acta 459(1-2):pp. 64-72.; Laurie J. Lawrence, Vera Munro-Smith, Anthony R. Ramsden, James L. Sharpe & Peter A. Williams (1999) Geology and Mineralogy of the Lorena Gold Mine, Cloncurry District, North-west Queensland. Journal and Proceedings of The Royal Society of New South Wales 132:29-35; Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
Costa Rica
 
  • Cartago Province
    • Irazú Volcano
Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Cyprus
 
  • Nicosia District
Ng, Stephen; Malpas, John (2013) Impact of Acid Mine Drainage on the hydrogeological system at Sia, Cyprus. EGU General Assembly 2013, held 7-12 April, 2013 in Vienna, Austria, id. EGU2013-8084
Russia
 
  • Orenburg Oblast
E. Shcherbakova et al. : "The rarest Cobalt-Containing Sulfates from the South Ural, Russia", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
Slovakia
 
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov District
      • Červenica
USA (TL)
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino County
      • Cameron Mining District
Cesbron, F. P. (1995). Wupatkiite from the Cameron uranium district, Arizona, a new member of the halotrichite group. Mineralogical Magazine, 59, 553-556.
Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 9.
      • Orphan Mining District
        • Grand Canyon Village
Richard Dale Collection
 
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