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Kieserite

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About KieseriteHide

06489770015063514729904.jpg
Dietrich G. von Kieser
Formula:
MgSO4 · H2O
Colour:
Colourless, greyish-white, yellowish; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
2.571
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named in honor of Dietrich Georg Kieser (24 August 1779, Harburg / Elbe - 11 October 1862, Jena), German physician and professor at the University of Jena. He also worked as a physician at the therapeutic spas at Heilbad Berka/Ilm.
Kieserite Group.
Forms a complete solid solution with szomolnokite (Talla and Wildner, 2019).

A solid solution with cobaltkieserite is known at least in the synthetic state, lacking miscibility gap and cation ordering (Bechtold and Wildner, 2016).


Classification of KieseriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CB.05

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
29.6.2.1

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
6 : AXO4·xH2O
25.3.1

25 : Sulphates
3 : Sulphates of Mg

Physical Properties of KieseriteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Colourless, greyish-white, yellowish; colourless in transmitted light.
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Fragile
Cleavage:
Perfect
{110} and {111} perfect, {_111}, {_101}, and {011} imperfect.
Density:
2.571 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.571 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of KieseriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.520 nβ = 1.533 nγ = 1.584
2V:
Measured: 55° , Calculated: 56°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.064
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of KieseriteHide

Formula:
MgSO4 · H2O
IMA Formula:
Mg(SO4) · H2O

Crystallography of KieseriteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.51 Å, b = 7.61 Å, c = 6.92 Å
β = 116.17°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.987 : 1 : 0.909
Unit Cell V:
354.94 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals rare; mostly bipyramidal {_111}, {110}, and {011}. Highly modified at times. Mostly massive, coarse to fine-granular.
Twinning:
Contact twins on {001} rare. Polysynthetic twinning, with twin axis [110] (?), commonly observed in grains under magnification.

Type Occurrence of KieseriteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Salt deposit of oceanic origin.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of KieseriteHide

Other Language Names for KieseriteHide

Catalan:Kieserita
Dutch:Kieseriet
Italian:Kieserite
Polish:Kizeryt
Simplified Chinese:水镁矾
硫镁矾
Spanish:Kieserita
Ukrainian:Кізерит

Relationship of Kieserite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
SerrabrancaiteMnPO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Kieserite associated with HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteAl2Fe2(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.6.2.2SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
29.6.2.3SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
29.6.2.4Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
29.6.2.5GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
29.6.2.6Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.3.2SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.3.3StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.3.4PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
25.3.5HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.3.6EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.3.7CaminiteMg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2OTet.
25.3.8VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
25.3.9BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
25.3.10KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.3.11LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2OTrig.
25.3.12UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2OMon.
25.3.13LangbeiniteK2Mg2(SO4)3Iso. 2 3 : P21 3
25.3.14LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
25.3.15PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.3.16Efremovite(NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3Iso.
25.3.17Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.3.18PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Kieserite in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for KieseriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kenngott, G.A. (1859) Ubersichte der Resultate mineralogischer Forschungen For the years 1856-57, Leipzig: 23 (as Martinsite).
Reichardt, E. (1860) Nova Acta Leopold. Ac.: 27: 634.
Reichardt, E. (1861) Neue mineralien von Staβfurth. Berg- und Huttenmannische Zeitung: 20: 39-39.
Tschermak (1871) Konigliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Ber.: [1]: 63: 314.
Bücking (1899) Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin (Sitzungsberichte der), Ber.: 28: 533.
Görgey (1910) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 29: 205.
Lück (1910) Kali: 4: 540.
Grandinger (1917) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 49.
Goldschmidt, V. (1918) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 5: 27.
Schaller and Henderson (1933) USGS Bull. 833: 40.
Weinert (1939) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart, Beil.-Bd.: A75: 297.
Lepeshkov and Bodaleva (1940) Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Leningrad: 27: 978.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 477.
Kunibert, F., Kuhn, R., Strunz, H. (1961) Indetitat von Wathlingenit mit Kieserite. Kali u. Steinsalz: 3: 221-227. (as wathlingenite)
Fleischer, M. (1962) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 47: 805-812.
International Mineralogical Association (1967) Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 131-136.
Hawthorne, F.C., Groat, L.A., Raudsepp, M., Ercit, T.S. (1987) Kieserite, Mg(SO4)(H2O), a titanite-group mineral. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 157: 121-132.
Wildner, M., Giester, G. (1991) The crystal structures of kieserite-type compounds. I. Crystal structures of Me(II)SO4·H2O (Me=Mn,Fe,Co,Ni,Zn). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1991: 296-306.
Lane, M.D. (2007) Mid-infrared emission spectroscopy of sulfate and sulfate-bearing minerals. American Mineralogist: 92: 1-18.
Lopez-Reyes, G., Sobron, P., Lefebvre, C., Rull, F. (2014) Multivariate analysis of Raman spectra for the identification of sulfates: Implications for ExoMars. American Mineralogist: 99: 1570-1579.
Bechtold, A., Wildner, M. (2016) Crystal chemistry of the kieserite–cobaltkieserite solid solution, Mg1-xCox(SO4)·H2O: well-behaved oddities. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 43-52.
Talla, Dominik; Wildner, Manfred (2018): Structural and molecular spectroscopic behaviour of the Mg-Mn kieserite solid solution, (Mg,Mn) SO4·H2O, with relevance to icy satellites of Jupiter and Saturn. Pangeo2018 [http://opac.geologie.ac.at/wwwopacx/wwwopac.ashx?command=getcontent&server=images&value=BR0128_153.pdf]
Talla. D. & Wildner, M. (2019): Investigation of the kieserite–szomolnokite solid-solution series, (Mg,Fe)SO4·H2O, with relevance to Mars: Crystal chemistry, FTIR, and Raman spectroscopy under ambient and martian temperature conditions. American Mineralogist 104, 1732-1749.

Internet Links for KieseriteHide

Localities for KieseriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Mendoza Province
    • Malargüe Department
Benedetto, C., Forti, P., Galli, E., & Rossi, A. (1998). Chemical deposits in volcanic caves of Argentina. International Journal of Speleology, 27(1), 16.
  • San Juan Province
    • Calingasta Department
      • Calingasta
        • Sierra del Tontal
Peterson R C (2011) Cranswickite MgSO4·4H2O, a new mineral from Calingasta, Argentina. American Mineralogist 96, 869-877
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • City of Mount Isa
      • Mount Isa
Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.
[MinRec 19 p469-490 - "Sielecki, R: The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field"]
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hallein District
      • Hallein
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
  • Styria
    • Liezen District
      • Altaussee
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Tyrol
    • Innsbruck-Land District
      • Hall
        • Hall valley
Spötl (1989)
  • Upper Austria
    • Gmunden District
      • Hallstatt
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Bulgaria
 
  • Montana Province
    • Chiprovtsi Obshtina
Младенова, В., Димитрова, Д., & Шмид, Р. Т. (2007) Efflorescent minerals formed during intensive weathering of phyllites, Chiprovtsi ore district, Northwestern Bulgaria Ефлоресцентни минерали, образувани при интензивно изветряне на филитите, Чипровски руден район, Северозападна България. GEOSCIENCES 2007 pp 63-64
Canada
 
  • New Brunswick
    • Kings Co.
      • Cardwell Parish
CM 43, 1469-1487
      • Studholm Parish
Grice, J.D., Gault, R.A., Van Velthuizen, J. (2005) Borate minerals of the Penobsquis and Millstream deposits, southern New Brunswick, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1469-1487.
  • Saskatchewan
Last, W. M. (1990). Paleochemistry and paleohydrology of Ceylon Lake, a salt-dominated playa basin in the northern Great Plains, Canada. Journal of Paleolimnology, 4(3), 219-238.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda
XRD by Joachim Lorenz
China
 
  • Qinghai
    • Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Mangnai City (Mangya Co.)
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2013/pdf/1336.pdf
  • Shandong
    • Tai'an
      • Daiyue District
        • Dawenkou depression
Zhongde Zhu (1988): Mineral Deposits 7(1), 87-96
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
Zacek, V., Oplustil, S., Mayova, A. & Meyer, F. R. (1995): Die Mineralien von Kladno in Mittelböhmen, Tschechische Republik. Mineralien-Welt 6 (1), 13-30 (in German).
  • South Moravian Region
    • Brno-Country District
      • Oslavany
Hršelová, P., Cempírek, J., Houzar, S., Sejkora, J. (2013): S,F,Cl-rich mineral assemblages from burned spoil heaps in the Rosice-Oslavany coalfield, Czech Republic. Can. Mineral.: 51(1): 171-188
      • Zastávka
David Parfitt collection
Denmark
 
  • Central Denmark Region
    • Skive
      • Nissum
Fabricius, J. (1984) Formation temperature and chemistry of brine inclusions in euhedral quartz crystals from Permian salt in the Danish Trough. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 107: 203-216.
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Kassel Region
      • Fulda
        • Neuhof
Krah, O., (1988): Beobachtungen beim Durchbruch eines Basaltganges durch das Kalilager vom Werk Neuhof-Ellers, Der Aufschluss Vol. 39 (2), 103-113
      • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
        • Heringen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Phillippsthal
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Celle
      • Hänigsen
Krupp, R. E. (2005). Formation and chemical evolution of magnesium chloride brines by evaporite dissolution processes—Implications for evaporite geochemistry. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 69(17), 4283-4299.
      • Wathlingen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Hanover
      • Lehrte
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Hildesheim
      • Diekholzen Potash works
Dana 7:II:478.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Stassfurt Potash deposit
      • Egeln
        • Tarthun
No reference listed
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 388.
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p360]
Dana 6:A3:14,43,46; Dana 7:II:430; Zr. Kr.:50(1911):139.
C. Zinken (1865) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 310
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    • Nordhausen
      • Bleicherode
Effmert, G. & Wurth, L. (2007). Bleicherode, Thüringen: Ein Feuerwerk von Gips-Kristallen. Mineralien-Welt, Jg.18, Nr.6, S.42-47.
    • Wartburgkreis
      • Krayenberggemeinde
W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion mining district
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
No reference listed
No reference listed
Branko Rieck Collection
          • Sounion
            • Cato Sounio mines
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Hungary
 
  • Baranya County
    • Pécs
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F. (2008): Ammonium sulphates from burning coal dumps at Komló and Pécs-Vasas, Mecsek Mts., South Hungary. Mineralogia, Special Papers, Vol. 32 (2nd Central-European Mineralogical Conference 2008 (CEMC)), 154.
Iceland
 
  • Southern Region
    • Vestmannaeyjar
      • Vestmannaeyjar archipelago (Westman islands)
        • Surtsey Island
Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Iran
 
  • Kerman Province
    • Rafsanjan County
      • Pariz
Khorasanipour, M. (2015). Environmental mineralogy of Cu-porphyry mine tailings, a case study of semi-arid climate conditions, Sarcheshmeh mine, SE Iran. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 153, 40-52.
Italy
 
  • Sicily
    • Agrigento Province
      • Racalmuto
        • Racalmuto saliferous deposit
Adamo S., Ramberti L. (1979): L'industria estrattiva del potassio in Italia. L'Industria Mineraria, 30, maggio-giugno 1979, 161-170.
Adamo S., Ramberti L. (1979): L'industria estrattiva del potassio in Italia. L'Industria Mineraria, 30, maggio-giugno 1979, 161-170
    • Caltanissetta Province
      • San Cataldo (San Cattaldo)
Adamo, S., and Ramberti, L. (1979) L'industria estrattiva del potassio in Italia. L'Industria Mineraria, 30, maggio-giugno 1979, 161-170.
    • Enna Province
      • Calascibetta
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 478.
      • Enna (Castrogiovanni)
Adamo, S., Ramberti, L. (1979) L'industria estrattiva del potassio in Italia. L'Industria Mineraria, 30, maggio-giugno 1979, 161-170.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Region
    • Aktobe
ERCOSPAN (2011) Independent Geological Report on the Zhilianskoe and Chelkar Potash Deposits in Kazakhstan EGB 11-012
    • Shalkar
      • Aksai Valley
Handbook of Mineralogy Vol V p 6; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; ERCOSPAN (2011) Independent Geological Report on the Zhilianskoe and Chelkar Potash Deposits in Kazakhstan EGB 11-012
  • Atyrau Region
    • Inder
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
  • West Kazakhstan
    • Oral
Handbook of Mineralogy; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Lebanon
 
  • South Governate
    • Jezzine District
Kruszewski, Ł., 2018/2019. Secondary sulfate minerals from Bhanine valley coals (South Lebanon) – a crystallochemical and geochemical study. Geological Quarterly (in press)
Netherlands
 
  • Gelderland
    • Winterswijk
      • Ratum
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
  • Groningen
    • Groningen Municipality
      • Zuidwending
http://nlog.nitg.tno.nl/resources/zout/0310300%20Zuidwending%20openbaar%20scan.pdf
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
Nicaragua
 
  • León Department
Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Pakistan
 
  • Punjab
    • Salt Range
      • Khewra
Dana 6: 899; Dana 7:II:432 & 449.
Poland
 
  • Greater Poland Voivodeship
    • Koło Co.
Jirásek, J.: Solný důl Kłodawa (Polsko). Minerál, 2004, roč. 12, č. 2, s. 98-102. ISSN 1213-0710 (excerpted from unpublished thesis Hanczke, T.: Mineralogia i petrografia soli czechstyńskich kopalni "Kłodawa". Doktroská práce, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Instytut nauk geologicznych, 1967.); Wachowiak, J., Pieczka, A. (2016): Motukoreaite from the Kłodawa Salt Dome, Central Poland. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 277-289
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Mikołów Co.
      • Łaziska Górne
Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia.Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
    • Wodzisław Co.
      • Radlin
Łukasz Kruszewski (2012) Unique chloride assemblage of exhalative origin from burning coal-mining dump in Radlin (Rybnik Coal Area, S Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland Special Papers 40
Romania
 
  • Buzău
    • Mânzăleşti Commune
Slavoaca, R., Slavoaca, D.C., 2000. Water chemistry and hydrochemical processes assessment in zones with Land slip in Buzău and Vrancea, SE Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, 79, Suppl. I, 2000, p.99-101
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Chelyabinsk coal basin
Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica District
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
UK
 
  • England
    • North Yorkshire
      • Redcar and Cleveland
        • Loftus
No reference listed
      • Scarborough
        • Eskdaleside cum Ugglebarnby
Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
Smith, F.W., Dearlove, J.P.L., Kemp, S.J., Bell, C.P., Milne, C.J. and Pottas, T.L. (2014) Potash – Recent exploration developments in North Yorkshire. Pp. 45-50 in Hunger, E., Brown, T. J. and Lucas, G. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 17th Extractive Industry Geology Conference, EIG Conferences Ltd. 202pp
Smith, F.W., Dearlove, J.P.L., Kemp, S.J., Bell, C.P., Milne, C.J. and Pottas, T.L. (2014) Potash – Recent exploration developments in North Yorkshire. Pp. 45-50 in Hunger, E., Brown, T. J. and Lucas, G. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 17th Extractive Industry Geology Conference, EIG Conferences Ltd. 202pp
Ukraine
 
  • Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 478.
  • Lviv Oblast
    • L'viv-Volynskii Coal Basin (L'vov-Volynskii Coal Basin)
      • Chervonograd
Srebrodol’skii, B.I. (1974): Lausenite, first find in the USSR. Doklady Acad. Nauk SSSR, 219, 441–442 (in Russian); Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino County
Corbett, R.G., Hanner, B.M., and Quick, T.J. (1989) Seeps and efflorescent minerals in the Grand Canyon: Predicted vs. identified phases [abs.]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 21, no. 4, p. 8; Quick, T.J., R.G. Corbett, and B.M. Manner (1989) Efflorescent minerals occurring in the gorge of the Grand Canyon, Abstract with Programs, Geological Society of America: 21(4): 44-45; Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005.
  • Colorado
    • Mesa Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Hawaii
    • Hawaii Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 478.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Eddy Co.
      • Carlsbad Potash Mining District
SIMMONS, P.S. (2013)The Carlsbad Potash Basin, Carlsbad, New Mexico. Mineralogical Record, 44 (1), 13-49.
Van King
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 478.
    • San Juan Co.
      • Paradox Valley
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Red Canyon
Joe Marty (2015) Minerals of the Blue Lizard Mine and other Western Localities, NCMA Annual Symposium 2015
    • Tooele Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Uzbekistan
 
  • Fergana Region
    • Uzbekistan County
Uklonskiy, A.S. [Уклонский, А.С.] (1964) Geochemistry of native sulphur [К геохимии самородной серы]. Uzbek Geological Journal [Uzbekskiy Geologicheskiy Zhurnal, Узбекский геологический журнал], 6, 5-10; Uklonskiy, A.S. [Уклонский, А.С.] (1982) Geochemistry of native sulphur [К геохимии самородной серы]. In: Problems of mineralogy and geochemistry. Selected papers [Проблемы минералогии и геохимии. Избранные труды]. Uzbek SSR Branch, Academy of Sciences Press [Издательство "Фан" Узбекской ССР], Tashkent, 66-71; Evseev, A. A. [Евсеев, А.А.] (2004) Atlas of the World for mineralogist [Атлас мира для минералога]. Ecost Association [Ассоциация Экост], Moscow, page 149 (in Russian).
Mars
 
Vivien Gornitz (2005) Mineral News, 21, #4, 1-11.
  • Terra Meridiani
    • Meridiani Planum
      • Endeavour Crater
        • Murray Ridge
Farrand, W.H., Johnson, J.R., Rice, M.S., Wang, A., Bell, III, J.F. (2016) VNIR Multispectral Observations of Aqueous Alteration Materials by the Pancams on the Spirit and Opportunity Mars Exploration Rovers. American Mineralogist, 101:9, 2005-2019.
  • Valles Marineris
Vivien Gornitz (2005) Mineral News, 21, #4, 1-11.
 
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