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Dietrichite

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About DietrichiteHide

Formula:
(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Colour:
White, Brownish-yellow; Off-white; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Silky
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
1.85 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1878 by Baron Julius von Schröckinger in honor of Dr. Gustav Heinrich Dietrich of Příbram, Czech Republic, who analyzed the first specimens of the mineral.
Halotrichite Group Found as bright white fibrous efflorescences. Usually a product of surface weathering.


Classification of DietrichiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1878
7.CB.85

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
29.7.3.4

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
7 : AB2(XO4)4·H2O
25.9.13

25 : Sulphates
9 : Sulphates of Mn

Physical Properties of DietrichiteHide

Silky
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
White, Brownish-yellow; Off-white; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Density:
1.85 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of DietrichiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.475 nβ = 1.480 nγ = 1.488
2V:
Measured: 70° , Calculated: 78°
Birefringence:
0.013
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.013
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
none
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of DietrichiteHide

Formula:
(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
IMA Formula:
ZnAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O

Crystallography of DietrichiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Setting:
P1 21/c 1
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.1757 Å, b = 24.262 Å, c = 21.206 Å
β = 100.436°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.255 : 1 : 0.874
Unit Cell V:
3,124.84 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Fine-fibrous, tufted aggregates as incrustations and efflorescences.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
16.6 Å(5)
10.72 Å(5)
9.82 Å(5)
8.04 Å(5)
6.09 Å(15)
4.99 Å(30)
4.92 Å(10)
4.84 Å(40)
4.69 Å(10)
4.64 Å(15)
4.57 Å(5)
4.42 Å(10)
4.33 Å(100)
4.20 Å(20)
4.15 Å(30)
4.02 Å(10)
3.98 Å(5)
3.97 Å(10)
3.69 Å(5)
3.63 Å(5)
3.52 Å(100)
3.43 Å(15)
3.36 Å(5)
3.28 Å(5)
3.18 Å(10)
3.09 Å(5)
2.983 Å(10)
2.907 Å(15)
2.737 Å(20)
2.614 Å(20)
2.589 Å(5)
2.571 Å(10)
2.564 Å(5)
2.525 Å(10)
1.896 Å(10)
1.877 Å(30)
1.782 Å(10)
1.714 Å(10)
1.677 Å(10)
1.666 Å(5)
Comments:
ICDD 25-1173 (Note: There are many weak lines in the pattern that are not listed.)

Type Occurrence of DietrichiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Efflorescences in mine workings.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada, M7078.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Mine workings.
Reference:
von Schröckinger, J. (Freiherr) (1878) Dietrichit, ein neuer Alaun aus Ungarn. Verhandl. Geol. Bundesanst. Wien, 189-191.

Other Language Names for DietrichiteHide

Relationship of Dietrichite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35AlpersiteMg(SO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteAl2Fe2(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.7.3.1PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.7.3.2HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
29.7.3.3ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
29.7.3.5BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.7.3.6Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
29.7.3.7Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.9.1SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
25.9.2JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
25.9.3MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.9.4ManganolangbeiniteK2Mn2(SO4)3Iso. 2 3 : P21 3
25.9.5Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.9.6DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
25.9.7ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
25.9.8ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
25.9.9Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
25.9.10MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
25.9.11Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.9.12Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Fluorescence of DietrichiteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Water soluble
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for DietrichiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
von Schröckinger, J. (Freiherr) (1878) Dietrichit, ein neuer Alaun aus Ungarn. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt Wien: 189-191.
Arzruni, Andreas (1882) Ueber den Dietrichit. Zeitschrift fur Krystallographie: 6: 92-93. [Date wrongly given by Dana (1892) as 1881.]
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 528-529.
Canadian Mineralogist (1998) 36: 1373.
Ballirano, P., Bellatreccia, F., Grubessi, O. (2003) New crystal-chemical and structural data of dietrichite, ideally ZnAl2(SO4)4·22H2O, a member of the halotrichite group. European Journal of Mineralogy: 15: 1043-1049.
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K., Blaß, G., Gröbner, J. (2014) Neufunde aus dem alten Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien Welt: 1: 60-75.

Internet Links for DietrichiteHide

Localities for DietrichiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca Province
    • Andalgalá Department
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Australia
 
  • Queensland
[MinRec 19 p469-490 - "Sielecki, R: The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field"]
    • Mareeba Shire
Harris, D.L., Lottermoser, B.G., Duchesne, J. (2003) Ephemeral acid mine drainage at the Montalbion silver mine, north Queensland. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 50(5), 797-809.
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Mount Isa
Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.
Bulgaria
 
  • Plovdiv Province
    • Plovdiv
Atanassova, R. & Kerestedjian, T. (2009): Efflorescent minerals from the metallurgical waste heaps of the KCM non-ferrous metal smelter, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 51-63.
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cape Breton Co.
Zodrow, E.L. (1989) Summary report of secondary sulphate minerals, Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia, Canada. Nova Scotia Department of Mines & Energy, Report 89-3, Mines & Minerals Branch Report of Activities, Part A: 141-143.
Costa Rica
 
  • Cartago Province
    • Irazú Volcano
Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz Arranz, A., Medina García, J., Rull Pérez, F., Calaforra, J. M., ... & De Waele, J. (2018). Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity.
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Montieri
Ballirano P., Bellatreccia F., 2004. Nuovi dati sulla dietrichite di Boccheggiano, Grosseto. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 213-214
Romania
 
  • Alba
    • Roşia Montanã Commune
Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. [http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/studia/pdf/2003/Onac.pdf]
  • Maramureș
    • Baia Sprie (Felsőbánya)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 529; Canadian Mineralogist (1998): 36: 1373.; M.E. Ciriotti collection [S. Möckel 2010 - EDX+PXRD]
Marias Francisc, 2005, Metallogeny of the Baia Mare Mining District-an approach based of the Cavnic hydrothermal system-comparison with other epithermal systems in the World. Ed. Cornelius, 2005, p. 376-377.
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Krai
Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Spain
 
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
        • Llano del Beal
          • Cabezo de Ponce
FMF Forum
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 135.
USA
 
  • Tennessee
    • Polk Co.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • Red Canyon
Joe Marty (2015) Minerals of the Blue Lizard Mine and other Western Localities, NCMA Annual Symposium 2015
    • Tooele Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District (Clifton Mining District)
        • Gold Hill
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
Yemen
 
  • Al Jawf Governorate
Mondillo, N., Boni, M., Balassone, G., Joachimski, M., & Mormone, A. (2014). The Jabali nonsulfide Zn–Pb–Ag deposit, western Yemen. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 248-267.
 
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