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Lomonosovite

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About LomonosoviteHide

08193330014948428028756.jpg
Russian scholar and poet, Mikhail Vasil’evich Lomonosov.
Formula:
Na5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2
Colour:
Dark cinnamon-brown to black, also rose-violet
Lustre:
Adamantine, Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness:
3 - 4
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named in honor of Mikhail Vassil’evich Lomonosov (Михайло Васильевич Ломоносов) (19 November 1711, Mishaninskaya, Archangelgorod Governorate, Tsardom of Russia - 15 April 1765, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire), polymath who made contributions in the areas of natural science, chemistry, physics, mineralogy, history, art, philology, and language. He wrote multiple books on geology/mineralogy and discovered the law of constancy of interfacial angles, relating it with inner structure of crystals.

Classification of LomonosoviteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1950
9.BE.32

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
E : Si2O7 groups, with additional anions; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
56.4.1.1

56 : SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
4 : Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with [Si2O7] with other cation groups
17.6.7

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
6 : Silicates with phosphate

Physical Properties of LomonosoviteHide

Adamantine, Vitreous, Greasy
Colour:
Dark cinnamon-brown to black, also rose-violet
Streak:
Light rose-cinnamon
Hardness:
3 - 4 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven

Optical Data of LomonosoviteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.670 nβ = 1.750 nγ = 1.778
2V:
Measured: 56° , Calculated: 58°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.108
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v or r < v

Chemical Properties of LomonosoviteHide

Formula:
Na5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2
IMA Formula:
Na6Na2Ti2Na2Ti2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O4
Idealised Formula:
Na2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · Na3(PO4)
Common Impurities:
Zr,Fe,Nb,Ta,Mn,Mg,Ca,Cl,H2O

Crystallography of LomonosoviteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pedial
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.49 Å, b = 7.11 Å, c = 14.5 Å
α = 101°, β = 96°, γ = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.772 : 1 : 2.039
Unit Cell V:
552.43 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Twinning:
Fine polysynthetic twinning observed
Comment:
niobium-rich lomonosovite variety are a = 5.411(1) Å, b = 7.108(1) Å, c = 14.477(2) Å, α = 99.78(1)°, β = 96.59(1)°, γ = 90.26(1)°, V = 544.94(5) Å3, Z = 1, sp. gr. P1.

Type Occurrence of LomonosoviteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Laminated tabular crystals up to 7x5x0.6 cm
Reference:
Gerasimovsky, V.I. (1950) Lomonosovite - a new mineral. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 70: 83-86.

Other Language Names for LomonosoviteHide

Simplified Chinese:磷硅钛钠石
Spanish:Lomonosovita
Traditional Chinese:磷矽鈦鈉石

Relationship of Lomonosovite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BetalomonosoviteNa64Ti4(Si2O7)2[PO3OH][PO2(OH)2]O2(OF)Tric. 1 : P1
Calciomurmanite(Na,☐)2Ca(Ti,Mg,Nb)4[Si2O7]2O2(OH,O)2(H2O)4Tric. 1 : P1
KolskyiteCaNa2Ti4(Si2O7)2O4(H2O)7Tric. 1 : P1
MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2OTric.
QuadruphiteNa14Ca2Ti4(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O2FTric.
SchülleriteBa2Na(Mn,Ca)(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Tric. 1 : P1
Selivanovaite(Na,Ca)3(Ti,Fe)5[Si4O18(OH)3]·7H2OTric. 1 : P1
SoboleviteNa13Ca2Mn2Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O3F3Mon. m : Pb
VigrishiniteNaZnTi4(Si2O7)2O3(OH)(H2O)4Tric. 1 : P1

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
14 photos of Lomonosovite associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
7 photos of Lomonosovite associated with MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
7 photos of Lomonosovite associated with LeucospheniteBaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
6 photos of Lomonosovite associated with VilliaumiteNaF
5 photos of Lomonosovite associated with ZoriteNa8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2O
5 photos of Lomonosovite associated with Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
4 photos of Lomonosovite associated with RaiteNa4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2O
3 photos of Lomonosovite associated with AenigmatiteNa4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
3 photos of Lomonosovite associated with NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
3 photos of Lomonosovite associated with Eudialyte(Na3Na3Na3Na3Na3)Ca6(IVFe2+3)Zr3[Si3O9]2[Si9O27SiO][Si9O27SiO]Cl(H2O)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.BE.BetalomonosoviteNa64Ti4(Si2O7)2[PO3OH][PO2(OH)2]O2(OF)Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.Batievaite-(Y)Y2Ca2Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.Delhuyarite-(Ce)Ce4Mg(Fe3+,W)3□(Si2O7)2O6(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.XAsimowiteFe2+4O(Si2O7)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma
9.BE.02WadsleyiteMg4O(Si2O7)Orth.
9.BE.05HennomartiniteSrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.05LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.BE.05NoelbensoniteBaMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.05ItoigawaiteSrAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.07IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.BE.07ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.10SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2OOrth.
9.BE.12JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
9.BE.15FresnoiteBa2Ti(Si2O7)OTet. 4mm : P4bm
9.BE.17BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2Mon.
9.BE.17BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
9.BE.17CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.17Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BE.17Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon.
9.BE.17NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OFMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2 : P21
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite INa4Ca8Zr2(Nb,Mn,Ti,Fe,Mg,Al)2(Si2O7)4O3F5
9.BE.17MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Mon. 2 : P21
9.BE.20Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.20Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3Mon.
9.BE.22GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.23DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.BE.25Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)Mon.
9.BE.25EricssoniteBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2Mon.
9.BE.25Ericssonite-2OBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth.
9.BE.25SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon.
9.BE.25NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m
9.BE.25GrenmariteNa4MnZr3(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : P2/b
9.BE.25SchülleriteBa2Na(Mn,Ca)(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.25LileyiteBa2(Na,Fe,Ca)3MgTi2(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25EmmerichiteBa2Na(Na,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Mg)Ti2(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25Fluorbarytolamprophyllite(Ba,Sr)2[(Na,Fe2+)3(Ti,Mg)F2][Ti2(Si2O7)2O2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.27MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2OTric.
9.BE.30EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2OTric.
9.BE.35VuonnemiteNa11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)Tric.
9.BE.37SoboleviteNa13Ca2Mn2Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O3F3Mon. m : Pb
9.BE.40InneliteNa2CaBa4Ti3(Si2O7)2(SO4)2O4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.40PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2FTric.
9.BE.42YoshimuraiteBa2Mn2Ti(Si2O7)(PO4)O(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.45QuadruphiteNa14Ca2Ti4(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O2FTric.
9.BE.47PolyphiteNa5(Na4Ca2)Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)3O2F2Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.50BornemaniteNa6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.50ShkatulkaliteNa5(Nb1−xTix)2(Ti1−yMn2+y)[Si2O7]2O2(OH)2·nH2O (x + y = 0.5; n <= 10)Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.BE.55BafertisiteBa2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric.
9.BE.55HejtmaniteBa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric. 1
9.BE.55Bykovaite(Ba,Na,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(H2O,F,OH)2 · 3.5H2OMon. 2/m
9.BE.55Nechelyustovite(Ba,Sr,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(O,H2O,F)2 · 4.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.60Delindeite(Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
9.BE.65BusseniteNa2Ba2Fe2+Ti(Si2O7)(CO3)(OH)3FTric. 1 : P1
9.BE.67JinshajiangiteBaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FTric. 1 : P1
9.BE.67PerraultiteBaNaMn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70Karnasurtite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Th)(Ti,Nb)(Al,Fe)(Si2O7)(OH)4 · 3H2OAmor.
9.BE.70Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Strontiochevkinite(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon.
9.BE.70Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Polyakovite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70RengeiteSr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70MatsubaraiteSr4Ti5(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70UKI-2008-(SiO:SrTiZr)Sr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.BE.70Hezuolinite(Sr,REE)4Zr(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.72FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3Tric.
9.BE.75BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12Hex.
9.BE.77NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2Hex.
9.BE.80KentrolitePb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
9.BE.80MelanotekitePb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
9.BE.82TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2Mon.
9.BE.85KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2Mon.
9.BE.87Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn2+3Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30Trig. 3 : P31
9.BE.90Biraite-(Ce)Ce2Fe2+(Si2O7)(CO3)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.92Cervandonite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti,Al)3O2(Si2O7)(As3+O3)(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.BE.95BatisiviteBaV3+8Ti6(Si2O7)O22Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

56.4.1.2PolyphiteNa5(Na4Ca2)Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)3O2F2Tric. 1 : P1
56.4.1.3QuadruphiteNa14Ca2Ti4(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O2FTric.
56.4.1.4SoboleviteNa13Ca2Mn2Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O3F3Mon. m : Pb

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.6.1NagelschmidtiteCa7(SiO4)2(PO4)2Hex. 6 : P61
17.6.2PerhamiteCa3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
17.6.3Viséite
17.6.4PhosinaiteNa13Ca2(Ce,La,Th,Nd,Pr)(Si4O12)(PO4)4
17.6.5ClinophosinaiteNa12(Ca,Sr)4(Si4O12)(PO4)4Mon.
17.6.6Karnasurtite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Th)(Ti,Nb)(Al,Fe)(Si2O7)(OH)4 · 3H2OAmor.
17.6.8BornemaniteNa6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F Tric. 1 : P1
17.6.9SoboleviteNa13Ca2Mn2Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O3F3Mon. m : Pb
17.6.10Laplandite-(Ce)Na4CeTiPO4Si7O18 · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
17.6.11 VunonnemiteNa5TiNb3Si6O25F2 · 2Na3PO4
17.6.12Saryarkite-(Y)Ca(Y,Th)Al5(SiO4)2(PO4,SO4)2(OH)7 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2
17.6.13Steenstrupine-(Ce)Na14Mn2+2Fe3+2Ce6Zr(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(PO3OH)(OH)2 · 2H2OTrig.
17.6.14WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
17.6.15Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
17.6.16Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
17.6.17EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LomonosoviteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gerasimovsky, V.I. (1950) Lomonosovite - a new mineral. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 70: 83-86.
Fleischer, M., Ingerson, E. (1950) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 35: 1091-1093.
Belov, N.V., Organova, N.I. (1962) Crystal chemistry and mineralogy of the lomonosovite group in the light of the crystal structure of lomonosovite. Geochemistry: 1: 4-13.
International Mineralogical Association (1967) Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 131-136.
Rastsvetaeva, R.K. (1971) Kristallicheskaya struktura lomonosovita Na5Ti2[Si2O7][PO4]O2. Soviet Physics - Doklady: 16: 182-185.
Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Sirota, M.I., Belov, N.V. (1975) Crystal structure of beta lomonosovite. Soviet Physics - Crystallography: 20; 158-160.
Belov, N.V., Gavrilova, G.S., Solov'eva, L.P., and Khalilov, A.D. (1977) Refined structure of lomonosovite. Soviet Physics – Doklady: 22: 422-424.
Belov, N.V., Gavrilova, G.S., Solov'eva, L.P., Khailov, A.D. (1977) The refined structure of lomonosovite. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 235: 1064-1067.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1983): 148: 83-96.
Sokolova, E. (2006) From structure topology to chemical composition. I. Structural hierarchy and stereochemistry in titanium disilicate minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1273-1330.
Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F. C., Abdu, Y. (2008) From structure topology to chemical composition. IX. Titanium silicates: revision of the crystal chemistry of lomonosovite and murmanite, Group-IV minerals. Mineralogical Magazine: 72: 1207-1228.
Lykova, I.S., Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Chuckanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chervonnaya, N.A., Zolotarev, A.A. (2015) Crystal chemistry of cation-exchanged forms of epistolite-group minerals, part I. Ag- and Cu-exchanged lomonosovite and Ag-exchanged murmanite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 27: 535-549.
Sokolova, E. and Camara, F. (2017) The seidozerite supergroup of TS-block minerals: nomenclature and classification, with change of the following names: rinkite to rinkite-(Ce), mosandrite to mosandrite-(Ce), hainite to hainite-(Y) and innelite-1T to innelite-1A. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1457–1484.
Rastsvetaeva, R. K., Zaitsev, V. A., & Pekov, I. V. (2020). Crystal Structure of Niobium-Rich Lomonosovite with Symmetry P 1 from the Khibiny Massif (Kola Peninsula). Crystallography Reports, 65, 422-427.

Internet Links for LomonosoviteHide

Localities for LomonosoviteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33; Andersen, T., & Friis, H. (2015). The transition from agpaitic to hyperagpaitic magmatic crystallization in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Journal of Petrology, 56(7), 1343-1364.
          • Kvanefjeld (Kuannersuit Plateau)
            • Kvanefjeld Uranium deposit
Soerensen, H., Larsen, L.M. (2001): The hyper-agpaitic stage in the evolution of the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 83-94
Henning Sørensen and Lotte Melchior Larsen (2001) The hyper-agpaitic stage in the evolution of the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 83–94
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Koashva Mt
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; 33 IGC excursion No 47, July 22 – August 2, 2008 Stop 2-2; Kapustin, Y. L., Pudovkina, Z. V., Bykova, A. V., & Lyubomilova, G. V. (1975). Koashvite, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 17(6), 654-660.; Khomyakov, A.P., Nechelyustov, G.N., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Rozenberg, K.A. (2008): Andrianovite, Na12(K,Sr,Ce)3Ca6Mn3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,H2O,OH)5-a new potassium-rich mineral of the eudialyte group from Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 137(2), 43-52. [English translation: Geology of Ore Deposits 50,705-712(2008)] ; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
      • Kukisvumchorr Mt
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
ZVMO 135(1),38-48(2006); Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Am Min 79:1011; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Belakovskiy D, Smith D G W, Welch M (2013) New mineral names. American Mineralogist 98, 811-815
        • Rasvumchorr Mine
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Sokolova et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp115-118; Pekov I.V., Zubkova N.V., Filinchuk Ya.E., Chukanov N.V., Zadov A.E., Pushcharovsky D.Yu., Gobechiya E.R. (2010): Shlykovite, KCa[Si4O9(OH)]·3H2O, and cryptophyllite, K2Ca[Si4O10]·5H2O, two new mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Zapiski RMO, 139(1), 37-50.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Khomyakov, A. P., Pushcharovskiy, D. Y., & Ronsbo, J. G. (1983). Clinophosinaite, Na3CaPSiO7, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 25(6), 731-734.
    • Lovozersky District
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
A. P. Khomyakov et al., 2005; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
      • Kedykverpakhk Mountain
        • Karnasurt mine (Kedyk area)
I.V. Pekov et al.: Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 132(6):1-14 (2003)
      • Tyulbnyunuai River Valley
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
 
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