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Lawsonite

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About LawsoniteHide

06840740015096644606732.jpg
Andrew C. Lawson
Formula:
CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Colour:
colorless, white, grayish blue, pale blue
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.1
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
Named by Frederick Leslie Ransome and Charles Palache in 1895 in honor of geologist Andrew Cowper Lawson (July 25, 1861 Anstruther, Scotland - San Leandro, California, June 16, 1952) geologist with the Canadian Geological Survey and for most of his career a professor of geology and mineralogy at the University of California.
The Al analogue of cortesognoite.




Classification of LawsoniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1895
9.BE.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
E : Si2O7 groups, with additional anions; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
56.2.3.1

56 : SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
2 : Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
16.9.18

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
9 : Aluminosilicates of Ca

Physical Properties of LawsoniteHide

Vitreous, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
colorless, white, grayish blue, pale blue
Streak:
white
Hardness:
7½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
[001] perfect
[110] poor
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.1 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.09 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of LawsoniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.665 nβ = 1.672 - 1.676 nγ = 1.684 - 1.686
2V:
Measured: 84° to 85°, Calculated: 76° to 86°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.019 - 0.021
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
strong

Chemical Properties of LawsoniteHide

Formula:
CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O

Crystallography of LawsoniteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cmcm
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.847 Å, b = 8.79 Å, c = 13.128 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.665 : 1 : 1.494
Unit Cell V:
674.72 ų
Z:
4
Morphology:
prismatic/tabular

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.84 Å(60)
3.66 Å(60)
2.726 Å(70)
2.680 Å(50)
2.624 Å(100)
2.433 Å(60)
2.129 Å(60)
1.550 Å(80)

Type Occurrence of LawsoniteHide

Reference:
Ransome, F.L. (1895) On lawsonite, a new rock-forming mineral from the Tiburon Peninsula, Marin County. University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 1: 301-312.

Other Language Names for LawsoniteHide

German:Lawsonit
Spanish:Lawsonita

Varieties of LawsoniteHide

Chromian LawsoniteA chromium-bearing variety of Lawsonite.

Relationship of Lawsonite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Amamoorite CaMn2+2Mn3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
CortesognoiteCaV2(Si2O7)(OH)2·H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
HennomartiniteSrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
ItoigawaiteSrAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
NoelbensoniteBaMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
23 photos of Lawsonite associated with Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.BE.02Wadsleyite(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)Orth.
9.BE.05HennomartiniteSrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.05NoelbensoniteBaMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.05ItoigawaiteSrAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.07IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.BE.07ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.10SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2OOrth.
9.BE.12JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
9.BE.15FresnoiteBa2Ti(Si2O7)OTet. 4mm : P4bm
9.BE.17BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2Mon.
9.BE.17BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
9.BE.17CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4Tric.
9.BE.17Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BE.17Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon.
9.BE.17NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OFMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2 : P21
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite INa4Ca8Zr2(Nb,Mn,Ti,Fe,Mg,Al)2(Si2O7)4O3F5
9.BE.17MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Mon. 2 : P21
9.BE.20Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.20Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3Mon.
9.BE.22GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.23DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.BE.25Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)Mon.
9.BE.25EricssoniteBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2Mon.
9.BE.25Ericssonite-2OBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth.
9.BE.25SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon.
9.BE.25NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m
9.BE.25GrenmariteNa4MnZr3(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : P2/b
9.BE.25SchülleriteBa2Na(Mn,Ca)(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.25LileyiteBa2(Na,Fe,Ca)3MgTi2(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25EmmerichiteBa2Na(Na,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Mg)Ti2(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25Fluorbarytolamprophyllite(Ba,Sr)2[(Na,Fe2+)3(Ti,Mg)F2][Ti2(Si2O7)2O2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.27MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2OTric.
9.BE.30EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2OTric.
9.BE.32LomonosoviteNa5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2Tric.
9.BE.35VuonnemiteNa11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)Tric.
9.BE.37SoboleviteNa13Ca2Mn2Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O3F3Mon. m : Pb
9.BE.40InneliteNa2CaBa4Ti3(Si2O7)2(SO4)2O4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.40PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2FTric.
9.BE.42YoshimuraiteBa2Mn2Ti(Si2O7)(PO4)O(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.45QuadruphiteNa14Ca2Ti4(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O2FTric.
9.BE.47PolyphiteNa5(Na4Ca2)Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)3O2F2Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.50BornemaniteNa6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.50ShkatulkaliteNa5(Nb1−xTix)2(Ti1−yMn2+y)[Si2O7]2O2(OH)2·nH2O (x + y = 0.5; n <= 10)Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.BE.55BafertisiteBa2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric.
9.BE.55HejtmaniteBa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric. 1
9.BE.55Bykovaite(Ba,Na,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(H2O,F,OH)2 · 3.5H2OMon. 2/m
9.BE.55Nechelyustovite(Ba,Sr,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(O,H2O,F)2 · 4.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.60Delindeite(Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
9.BE.65BusseniteNa2Ba2Fe2+Ti(Si2O7)(CO3)(OH)3FTric. 1 : P1
9.BE.67JinshajiangiteBaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FTric. 1 : P1
9.BE.67PerraultiteBaNaMn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.67SurkhobiteNaCaBa2Mn8Ti4(Si2O7)4O5F5Mon. 2 : B2
9.BE.70Karnasurtite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Th)(Ti,Nb)(Al,Fe)(Si2O7)(OH)4 · 3H2OAmor.
9.BE.70Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Strontiochevkinite(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon.
9.BE.70Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Polyakovite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70RengeiteSr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70MatsubaraiteSr4Ti5(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70UKI-2008-(SiO:SrTiZr)Sr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.BE.70Hezuolinite(Sr,REE)4Zr(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.72FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3Tric.
9.BE.75BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12Hex.
9.BE.77NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2Hex.
9.BE.80KentrolitePb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
9.BE.80MelanotekitePb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
9.BE.82TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2Mon.
9.BE.85KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2Mon.
9.BE.87Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn2+3Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30Trig. 3 : P31
9.BE.90Biraite-(Ce)Ce2Fe2+(Si2O7)(CO3)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.92Cervandonite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti,Al)3O2(Si2O7)(As3+O3)(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.BE.95BatisiviteBaV3+8Ti6(Si2O7)O22Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

56.2.3.2HennomartiniteSrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
56.2.3.3IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.9.1GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)Tet. 4 2m : P4 21m
16.9.2AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Tric. 1 : P1
16.9.3Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]Trig. 3 : P3
16.9.4SvyatoslaviteCa(Al2Si2O8)Orth.
16.9.5DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
16.9.6GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
16.9.7VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)Orth.
16.9.8ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
16.9.9Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
16.9.10PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2Orth. mm2
16.9.11KamaishiliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Tet.
16.9.12BicchuliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
16.9.13MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
16.9.14ChantaliteCaAl2(SiO4)(OH)4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
16.9.15CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4Orth.
16.9.17KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)Iso.
16.9.19ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2•4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
16.9.20WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
16.9.21VertumniteCa4Al4Si4O6(OH)24 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
16.9.22ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2OMon. m : Bb
16.9.23LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
16.9.24YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2OMon.
16.9.25Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
16.9.26EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2OMon.
16.9.27GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon.
16.9.28CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2OOrth.
16.9.30StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fmmm
16.9.31SträtlingiteCa2Al2SiO7 · 8H2OTrig.
16.9.32AmstalliteCaAl(Si,Al)4O8(OH)4 · (H2O,Cl)Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Lawsonite in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for LawsoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Ransome, F.L. (1895) On lawsonite, a new rock-forming mineral from the Tiburon Peninsula, Marin County. University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 1: 301-312.
Ransome, F.L., Palache, C. (1896) Ueber Lawsonit en Neues gesteinbildendes Mineral aus Californien: Zeitschr. Kristallographie, Band 25: 531-537.
Schaller, W.T., Hillebrand, W.F. (1904) Crystallographical and chemical notes on lawsonite: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 17: 195-197.
Schaller, W.T., Hillebrand, W.F. (1905) Notes on lawsonite. United States Geological Survey Bulllletin: 262: 58-60.
Crawford, W.A., Fyfe, W.S. (1965) Lawsonite equilibria. American Journal of Science: 263: 262-270.
Labotka, T.C., Rossman, G.R. (1974) The infrared pleochroism of lawsonite: the orientation of water and hydroxide groups. American Mineralogist: 59: 799-806.
Baur, W.H. (1978) Crystal structure refinement of lawsonite. American Mineralogist: 63: 311-315.
Pawley, A.R. (1994) The pressure and temperature stability limits of lawsonite: implications for H2O recycling in subduction zones. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 118: 99-108.
Schmidt, M.W., Poli, S. (1994) The stability of lawsonite and zoisite at high pressures: experiments in CASH to 92 kbar and implications for the presence of hydrous phases in subducted lithosphere. Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 124: 105-118.
Libowitzky, E., Armbruster, T. (1995) Low-temperature phase transitions and the role of hydrogen bonds in lawsonite. American Mineralogist: 80: 1277-1285.
Schmidt, M.W. (1995) Lawsonite: upper pressure stability and formation of higher density hydrous phases. American Mineralogist: 80: 1286-1292.
Pawley, A.R., Redfern, S.A.T., Holland, T.J.B. (1996) Volume behavior of hydrous minerals at high pressures and temperatures: 1. Thermal expansion of lawsonite, zoisite, clinozoisite, and diaspore. American Mineralogist: 81: 335-340.
Holland, T.J.B., Redfern, S.A.T., Pawley, A.R. (1996) Vlume behavior of hydrous minerals at high pressure and temperature: II. Compressibilities of lawsonite, zoisite, clinozoisite and epidote. American Mineralogist: 81: 341-348.
Libowitzky, E. Rossman, G.R. (1996) FTIR spectroscopy of lawsonite between 82 and 325 K. American Mineralogist: 81: 1080-1091.
American Mineralogist (1996): 81: 1277-1285.
Scott, H.P., Williams, Q. (1999) An infrared spectroscopic study of lawsonite to 20 GPa. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 26: 437-445.
Daniel, I., Fiquet, G., Gillet, P., Schmidt, M.W., Hanfland, M. (2000) High-pressure behaviour of lawsonite: a phase transition at 8.6 GPa. European Journal of Mineralogy: 12: 721-733.
Grevel, K.-D., Nowlan, E.U., Fasshauer, D.W., Burchard, M. (2000) In situ X-ray diffraction investigation of lawsonite and zoisite at high pressures and temperatures American Mineralogist: 85: 206-216.
Meyer, H.-W., Carpenter, M.A., Graeme-Barber, A., Sondergeld, P., Schranz, W. (2000) Local and macroscopic order parameter variations associated with low temperature phase transitions in lawsonite, CaAl2Si2O7(OH)2·H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy: 12: 1139-1150.
Sinogeikin, S.V., Schilling, F.R., Bass, J.R. (2000) Single crystal elasticity of lawsonite. American Mineralogist: 85: 1834-1837.
Sondergeld, P., Schranz, W., Kityk, A.V., Carpenter, M.A., Libowitzky, E. (2000a) Ordering behaviour of the mineral lawsonite. Phase Transitons: 71: 189-203.
Sondergeld, P., Schranz, W., Tröster, A., Carpenter, M.A., Libowitzky E., Kityk, A.V. (2000b) Optical, elastic, and dielectric studies of the phase transitions in lawsonite. Physical Review B: 62: 6143-6147.
Martin-Olalla, J.-M., Hayward, S.A., Meyer, H.-W., Ramos, S., del Cerro, J., Carpenter, M.A. (2001) Phase transitions in lawsonite: a calorimetric study. European Journal of Mineralogy: 13: 5-14.
Meyer, H.-W., Marion, S., Sondergeld, P., Carpenter, M.A., Knight, K.S., Redfern, S.A.T., Dove, M.T. (2001) Displacive components of the low-temperature phase transitions in lawsonite. American Mineralogist: 86: 566-577.
Pawley, A.R., Allan, D.R. (2001) A high-pressure structural study of lawsonite using angle-dispersive powder-diffraction methods with synchrotron radiation. Mineralogical Magazine: 65: 41-58.
Sondergeld, P., Schranz, W., Tröster, A., Kabelka, H., Meyer, H.-W., Carpenter, M.A., Lodziana, Z., Kityk, A.V. (2001) Dielectric relaxation and order-parameter dynamics in lawsonite. Physical Review B: 64: 024105.
Hayward, S.A., Burriel, R., Marion, S., Meyer, H.-W., Carpenter, M.A. (2002) Kinetic effects associated with the low-temperature phase transitions in lawsonite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 14: 1145-1153.
Boffa Ballaran, T., Angel, R.J. (2003) Equation of state and high-pressure phase transitions in lawsonite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 15: 241-246.
Carpenter, M.A., Meyer, H.-W., Sondergeld, P., Marion, S., Knight, K.S. (2003) Spontaneous strain variations through the low temperature phase4 transitions of deuterated lawsonite. American Mineralogist: 88: 534-546.
Schilling, F.R., Sinogeikin, S.V., Bass, J.D. (2003) Single-crystal elastic properties of lawsonite and their variations with temperature. Physics of Earth and Planetary Interiors: 136: 107-118.
Sondergeld, P., Schranz, W., Tröster, A., Armbruster, T., Giester, G., Kityk, A., Carpenter, M.A. (2005) Ordering and elasticity associated with low-temperature phase transitions in lawsonite. American Mineralogist: 90: 448-456.
Kozlova, S.G., Gabuda, S.P. (2013) Single-Crystal 1H NMR Data and Hydrogen Atom Disorder in Lawsonite, CaAl2[Si2O7](OH)2 H2O. Journal of Structural Chemistry: 54: S146-S151.

Internet Links for LawsoniteHide

Localities for LawsoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
AmMin 36:361-367
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Macquarie Co.
      • Port Macquarie
Och, D.J., Leitch, E.C., Caprarelli, G., Watanabe, T. (2003) Blueschist and eclogite in tectonic melange, Port Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 67:4, 609-624.
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
Edwards, A.B. and Baker, G., 1953. Scapolitisation in the Cloncurry district of northwestern Queensland. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 1:1-2, 1-33.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Fusch an der Grossglocknerstrasse
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Pinchi Lake
Ghent, E.D., Stout, M.Z., erdmer, P. (1990) Howieite in blueschists, Pinchi Lake, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist, 28, 855-858.
China
 
  • Gansu
    • Zhangye
      • Sunan Co.
        • Nine Springs area
Qian-Jie Wang, Li-Fei Zhang, and Shu-Guang Song (2007): Earth Science Frontiers [Dixue Qian Yuan] 14(1), 157-171.
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Xilingol League (Xilinguole Prefecture)
      • Erenhot City (Erlianhaote Co.)
Chuanshi Xu and Jianzhen Zhang (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(1), 88-91
      • Sonid Right Banner (Sunite Youqi)
        • Ondor Sum
Zhuyun Yan, Kedong Tang, Jingwen Bai, and Youchen Mo (1989): Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences 3(1-4), 303-313
  • Jiangxi
    • Shangrao
      • Dexing Co.
Zhou Guoqing (1997): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 40(5), 477-484.
  • Qinghai
    • Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Zhang, J.X., Meng, F.C., and Wan, Y.S. (2007): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 25(3), 285-304.
  • Xinjiang
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Tekesi Co. (Tekes Co.)
        • Kekesu river valley
Jun Gao, Guoqi He, Maosong Li, Xuchang Xiao, Yaoqing Tang, Jun Wang, and Min Zhao (1995): Tectonophysics 250(1-3), 151-168
Cuba
 
  • Guantánamo Province
Cárdenas-Párraga, J., García-Casco, A., Núñez-Cambra, K., Rodríguez-Vega, A., Blanco-Quintero, I. F., Harlow, G. E., & Lázaro, C. (2010). Jadeitite jade occurrence from the Sierra del Convento mélange (eastern Cuba). Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(1), 199-205.
  • Villa Clara Province
Stanek, K. P., Maresch, W., Grafe, F., Gravel, C. H., & Baumann, A. (2006). Structure, tectonics and metamorphic development of the Sancti Spiritus Dome (eastern Escambray massif, Central Cuba). Geologica Acta, 4(1), 151.
Dominican Republic
 
  • María Trinidad Sánchez Province
Hertwig A, McClelland W, Kitajima K, Schertl H, Maresch W, Valley J (2014) A comprehensive ion microprobe study on zircon from jadeitites and related rocks from the Rio San Juan Complex, Dominican Republic. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 198; Krebs, M., Maresch, W. V., Schertl, H. P., Münker, C., Baumann, A., Draper, G., ... & Trapp, E. (2008). The dynamics of intra-oceanic subduction zones: a direct comparison between fossil petrological evidence (Rio San Juan Complex, Dominican Republic) and numerical simulation. Lithos, 103(1-2), 106-137.
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
      • Groix Island
        • Pivisy
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 247.
        • Primiture
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 247.
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 247.
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 247.
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 247.
Inventaire Minéralogique de la France numero 9 Morbihan ( éditions BRGM )
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 247.
    • Haute-Corse
      • Corte
        • Castagniccia
Beyssac, O. & Brovarone, A. V. (2014): A visit to the subduction factory of Alpine Corsica, France. Elements 10, 475-476.
  • New Caledonia
    • Northern Province
Briggs, R. M. (1975). Structure, metamorphism and mineral deposits in the Diahot region, northern New Caledonia (Doctoral dissertation, ResearchSpace@ Auckland).
Briggs, R. M. (1975). Structure, metamorphism and mineral deposits in the Diahot region, northern New Caledonia. Thesis (PhD-Geology), University of Auckland, 1975.
Briggs, R. M. (1975). Structure, metamorphism and mineral deposits in the Diahot region, northern New Caledonia. Thesis (PhD-Geology), University of Auckland, 1975.
Clarke, G. L., Aitchison, J. C., & Cluzel, D. (1997). Eclogites and blueschists of the Pam Peninsula, NE New Caledonia: a reappraisal. Journal of Petrology, 38(7), 843-876.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • Ceillac
Mevel, C., and J. R. Kienast (1980) Chromian jadeite, phengite, pumpellyite, and lawsonite in a high-pressure metamorphosed gabbro from the French Alps. Mineralogical Magazine : 43 (332): 979-984.
      • Montgenèvre
Bull. Minéral. , 1984, 107, pp. 345-356.
      • Saint-Véran
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
Ioannis BAZIOTIS, Alexander PROYER and Evripidis MPOSKOS (2009) High-pressure/low-temperature metamorphism of basalts in Lavrion (Greece): implications for the preservation of peak metamorphic assemblages in blueschists and greenschists. Eur. J. Mineral. 21, 133–148
  • Central Greece
    • Euboea
P. Xypolias, I. Iliopoulos, V. Chatzaras, and S. Kokkalas (2012) Subduction- and exhumation-related structures in the Cycladic Blueschists: Insights from south Evia Island (Aegean region, Greece)TECTONICS, VOL. 31, 22pp
  • South Aegean
    • Milos
      • Milos Island
Hoffman, C. & Keller, J. (1979): Xenoliths of lawsonite-ferroglaucophane rocks from a Quaternary volcano of Milos (Aegean Sea, Greece). Lithos, 12, 209-219.
    • Syros
Seck, H.A., Koetz, J., Okrusch, M., Seidel, E., and Stosch, H.G. (1996) Geochemistry of a meta-ophiolite suite; an associated metagabbros, eclogites and glaucophanites on the island of Syros, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy, 8 (3), pp. 607-623.; Cheney, J., Schumacher, J.C., Coath, C.D., Brady, J.B., DiFilippo, E.L., Argyrou, E.N., Otis, J.W., Sperry, A.J., Sable, J.E., and Skemer, P.A. (2000) Ion microprobe ages of zircons from blueschists, Syros, Greece. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, vol. 32 pg. A152.; Schumacher, J.C., Brady, J.B., Cheney, J.T., and Tonnsen, R.R. (2008) Glaucophane-bearing marbles on Syros, Greece. Journal of Petrology 49, 1667-1686.; Philippon, M., Brun, J.P., and Gueydan, F. (2011) Tectonics of the Syros blueschists (Cyclades, Greece): From subduction to Aegean extension. Tectonics, 30(4).
        • Grammata Bay
Van King
Guatemala
 
  • Motagua Valley
Am. Miner., V. 90, pp. 836-842, 2005.
Iran
 
  • Kerman Province
    • Baft County
      • Soghan
Oberhänsli, R., Bousquet, R., Moinzadeh, H., Moazzen, M., & Arvin, M. (2007). The field of stability of blue jadeite: a new occurrence of jadeitite at Sorkhan, Iran, as a case study. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(6), 1501-1509.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • La Thuile
Goffé, B., and Bousquet, R. (1997) Ferrocarpholite, chloritoïde et lawsonite dans les métapélitesdes unités du Versoyen et du Petit St Bernard (zone valaisanne, Alpes occidentales). Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 77, 137-147.
    • Valtournenche
Compagnoni Roberto , Frezzotti Maria Luce, Selverstone Jane , Sharp Zachary (2011) 9th International Eclogite Conference 2011, Mariánské Lázně, Czech Republic
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Savona
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
Mariani P., Scaini G.: "I minerali d'Italia" - Rizzoli, 1978 and A. Del Caldo, C. Del Moro, C.M. Gramaccioli, M. Boscardin M. "Guida ai Minerali" Fabbri ed. Milano, 1981 and De Michele V. (1975) – Guida Mineralogica d’Italia – Ist. Geogr. De Agostini, Novara
      • Marmora
Goffé, B. (2002): Località a ferro- e magnesiocarpholite nelle Alpi Cozie e Marittime. In: Piccoli, G.C., I minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie. Provincia di Cuneo. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 137-139.
      • Pontechianale
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Robilante
Goffé, B. (2002): Località a ferro- e magnesiocarpholite nelle Alpi Cozie e Marittime. In: Piccoli, G.C., I minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie. Provincia di Cuneo. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 137-139.
Goffé, B. (2002): Località a ferro- e magnesiocarpholite nelle Alpi Cozie e Marittime. In: Piccoli, G.C., I minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie. Provincia di Cuneo. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 137-139.
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Borgofranco d'Ivrea
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., and Lombardo, B. (2007) Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, L'Artigiana Srl - Azienda Grafica, Alba (Cuneo), 607 pp.; Zuccali, M., and Spalla, M.I. (2010) Lawsonite-bearing continental crust meso-and microstructures: evolution of the Sesia-Lanzo Zone (Western Italian Alps, Austroalpine domain). Rendiconti online della Società Geologica Italiana, 10, 157-160; Zuccali, M., and Spalla, M.I. (2011) Prograde lawsonite during the flow of continental crust in the Alpine subduction: Strain vs. metamorphism partitioning, a field-analysis approach to infer tectonometamorphic evolutions (Sesia-Lanzo Zone, Western Italian Alps). Journal of Structural Geology, 33, 3, 381-398.
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 89-104.
      • Cuorgnè
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Lanzo Valleys
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 89-104.
      • Malone Valley
Eur. J. Mineral (1989): 1: 89-104.
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 89-104.
Pognante, U. (1989) Lawsonite, blueschist and eclogite formation in the southern Sesia zone (western Alps, Italy). European Journal of Mineralogy 1, 89-104; Spalla, M. I., and F. Zublati, F. (2003) Structural and petrographic map of the southern Sesia-Lanzo Zone; Monte Soglio-Rocca Canavese, Western Alps, Italy. Memorie di Scienze Geologiche, 55, 119-127 + 1 sheet; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., and Lombardo, B. (2007) Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, L'Artigiana Srl - Azienda Grafica, Alba (Cuneo), 607 pp.; Zuccali, M., and Spalla, M.I. (2010) Lawsonite-bearing continental crust meso-and microstructures: evolution of the Sesia-Lanzo Zone (Western Italian Alps, Austroalpine domain). Rendiconti online della Società Geologica Italiana, 10, 157-160; Zuccali, M., and Spalla, M.I. (2011) Prograde lawsonite during the flow of continental crust in the Alpine subduction: Strain vs. metamorphism partitioning, a field-analysis approach to infer tectonometamorphic evolutions (Sesia-Lanzo Zone, Western Italian Alps). Journal of Structural Geology, 33, 3, 381-398.
      • Rocca Canavese
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 89-104.
Eur. J. Mineral (1989): 1: 89-104.
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 89-104.
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Isola del Giglio
        • Giglio Island
          • Franco Promontory
Marinai, Nannoni, 1994. I minerali dell'Isola del Giglio. Circolo Culturale Gigliese.
Azzaro E., Caravani L., Di Sabatino B., Negretti G. (1977): Aspetti petrologici delle rocce verdi del Promontorio Argentario (Toscana). Rend. Soc. Ital. Miner. Petrol., 33, 689-698.
Azzaro E., Caravani L., Di Sabatino B., Negretti G. (1977): Aspetti petrologici delle rocce verdi del Promontorio Argentario (Toscana). Rend. Soc. Ital. Miner. Petrol., 33, 689-698; Elter M.F, Pandeli E. (2001): 3 - Southern Tuscany - A - Argentario Promontory. Ofioliti, 26, 2a, 357-360. Theye T., Reinhardt J., Goffé B., Jolivet L., Brunet C. (1997): Ferro- and magnesiocarpholite from the Monte Argentario (Italy): First evidence for high-pressure metamorphism of the metasedimentary Verrucano sequence, and significance for P-T path reconstruction. Eur. J. Mineral., 9, 859-873; Jolivet L., Faccenna C., Goffè B., Mattei M., Rossetti F., Brunet Ch., Storti F., Funiciello R., Cadet J.P., D’Agostino N., Parra T. (1998): Mid-crustal shear zones in post-orogenic extension: example from the Northern Tyrrhenian sea. J. Geoph. Res., 103, B6, 123-160.; Reinhardt J., Rossetti F. (2004): Monte Argentario and Isola del Giglio (Southern Tuscany, Italy): a record from continental break-up to subduction, orogenic wedge formation, and post-orogenic extension. 32nd International Geological Congress (IGC), Florence, August 20-28, 2004. Post-Congress P61. Field Trip Guide Book - P61, 19 pp.
Azzaro E., Caravani L., Di Sabatino B., Negretti G. (1977): Aspetti petrologici delle rocce verdi del Promontorio Argentario (Toscana). Rend. Soc. Ital. Miner. Petrol., 33, 689-698; Theye T., Reinhardt J., Goffé B., Jolivet L., Brunet C. (1997): Ferro- and magnesiocarpholite from the Monte Argentario (Italy): First evidence for high-pressure metamorphism of the metasedimentary Verrucano sequence, and significance for P-T path reconstruction. Eur. J. Mineral., 9, 859-873; Jolivet L., Faccenna C., Goffè B., Mattei M., Rossetti F., Brunet Ch., Storti F., Funiciello R., Cadet J.P., D’Agostino N., Parra T. (1998): Mid-crustal shear zones in post-orogenic extension: example from the Northern Tyrrhenian sea. J. Geoph. Res., 103, B6, 123-160.; Reinhardt J., Rossetti F. (2004): Monte Argentario and Isola del Giglio (Southern Tuscany, Italy): a record from continental break-up to subduction, orogenic wedge formation, and post-orogenic extension. 32nd International Geological Congress (IGC), Florence, August 20-28, 2004. Post-Congress P61. Field Trip Guide Book - P61, 19 pp.
    • Livorno Province
      • Livorno (Leghorn)
Barsotti, G., & Nannoni, R. (2006). Rocce, minerali e miniere delle isole dell'Arcipelago Toscano. Pacini editore, 152 pp.
Japan
 
  • Kumamoto Prefecture
    • Yatsushiro City
      • Toyo
Deer, Howie & Zussman (inosilicates vol.)
  • Niigata Prefecture
Shi, G., Harlow, G. E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., ... & Cui, W. (2012). Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(2), 345-370.
  • Okayama Prefecture
    • Niimi City
Toshio Nozaka and Tsugio Shibata (1994) Petrography of primary peridotitesfrom the Ohsa-yama area, Okayama Prefecture. Okayama University Earth Science Report, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1-8
WATANABE, T., & KOBAYASHI, H. (1984). Occurrence of lawsonite in pelitic schists from the Sanbagawa metamorphic belt, central Shikoku, Japan. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 2(4), 365-369.
  • Shimane Prefecture
    • Gotsu City
Watanabe, T., Kobayashi, H., & Sengan, H. (1983) Lawsonite from Quartzofeldspathic Schist in the Sangun Metamorphic Belt, Shikuma Shimane Prefecture. Mem. Fac. Sci., Shimane Umv.,17, pp. 81-86
  • Tokushima Prefecture
    • Katsuura district
Petrology exhibit at Stone Fair, Tokushima City, May 2014.
North Macedonia
 
  • Prilep Municipality
Altherr, R., Soder, C., Meyer, H.-P., Ludwig, T., Böhm, M. (2017): Ardennite within a high-P/T metamorphic conglomerate near Vitoliste in the westernmost Vardar zone, Republic of Macedonia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, (in press).
Norway
 
  • Svalbard
    • Spitsbergen
      • Oscar II land
Hirajima, T., Hiroi, Y. & Ohita, Y. (1984): Lawsonite and pumpellyite from the Vestgötabreen Formation in Spitsbergen. Norsk geologisk Tidsskrift. 64: 267-273
Hirajima, T., Hiroi, Y. & Ohita, Y. (1984): Lawsonite and pumpellyite from the Vestgötabreen Formation in Spitsbergen. Norsk geologisk Tidsskrift. 64: 267-273
Romania
 
  • Sibiu
    • Făgăraș Mountains
Negulescu, E. & Săbău, G. (2012) Chromium-rich lawsonite in high-Cr eclogites from the Făgăras Massif (South Carpathians). American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2012, abstract #V23D-2862.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Košice
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Turkey
 
  • Bursa Province
    • Harmancık District
Okay, A.I. (1997): Mineralogical Magazine 61, 835-843.
Okay, A.I. (2002): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 20, 757-768.
  • Eskişehir Province
Davis, P.B., and Whitney, D.L. (2006): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 24(9), 823-849.
Sherlock, S.C., and Okay, A.I. (1999): Mineralogical Magazine 63(5), 687-692.
  • Kütahya Province
    • Tavşanlı District
Okay, A.I. (1981): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 75(3), 179-186.
  • Tekirdag Province
    • Şarköy District
Şentürk, K., and Okay, A. (1981-82): Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration Institute of Turkey, Foreign Edition, 97-98, 72-75.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Apache County
      • Dinnehotso
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 273, 318; Watson, K.D. & D.M. Morton (1969), Eclogite inclusions in kimberlite pipes at Garnet Ridge, northeastern AZ, Am.Min.: 54: 267-285.
  • California
    • Alameda Co.
      • Berkeley
Thelen, Paul (1905), The differential thermal conductivities of certain schists: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 4: 221; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1906), Notes on lawsonite, columbite, beryl, barite, and calcite: University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 5: 84; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 238.
      • Callahan Gulch
Rogers, Austin Flint (1915a), Lawsonite from the central Coast Ranges of California: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 39: 105-112; […Neues Jahrb., 1916, Band 2: 25-26]: 106, 109; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 486.
      • Livermore Mining District (Tesla District)
        • Tesla
Rogers, Austin Flint (1915a), Lawsonite from the central Coast Ranges of California: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 39: 105-112: 106; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 238; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 486.
    • Colusa Co.
      • Coast Ranges
        • Goat Mountain
Ernst, W.G., Y. Seki, H. Onucki, and M.C. Gilbert (1970) Comparative study of low-grade metamorphism in the California Coast Ranges and outer metamorphic belt of Japan. Geological Society of America Memo. 124, 276 pp.: 124-125; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 487.
    • Contra Costa Co.
      • El Cerrito
Davis, Gregory A. & Adolf Pabst (1960), Lawsonite and pumpellyite in glaucophane schists, North Berkeley Hills, California, with notes on x-ray crystallography of Lawsonite by A. Pabst: American Journal of Science: 258: 692; Crawford, W.A. & W.S. Fyfe (1965), Lawsonite equilibria: American Journal of Science: 263: 262; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 238; Thompson, A.B. (1970) Laumontite equilibria and the zeolite facies. American Journal of Science: 269: 267; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 487, 492.
    • Del Norte Co.
Blake, Jr., M.C., W.P. Irwin & R.G. Coleman (1967), Upside-down metamorphic zonation, blueschist facies, along a regional thrust in California and Oregon: USGS PP 575-C: 2; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 487.
Tsujimori, Tatsuki, Liou, Juhn G., and Coleman, Robert G., 2007, Finding of High-Grade Tectonic Blocks from the New Idria Serpentinite Body, Diablo Range, California: Petrologic Constraints on the Tectonic Evolution of a Tectonic Diapir, Geolgical Society of America Special Paperr 419, p. 67-80.
Blake, Jr., M.C., W.P. Irwin & R.G. Coleman (1967), Upside-down metamorphic zonation, blueschist facies, along a regional thrust in California and Oregon: USGS PP 575-C: 2; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 487.
      • Coastal Range
Rogers, Austin Flint (1915a), Lawsonite from the central Coast Ranges of California: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 39: 111; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 238.
    • Los Angeles Co.
      • Palos Verdes peninsula
        • Palos Verdes Hills (Palos Verdes Cliffs)
          • George Canyon (George F. Canyon)
Woodring, W.P., Bramlette, M.N., and Kew, W.S.W. (1946), Geology and paleontology of Palos Verdes Hills California: USGS Professional Paper 207: 12; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 487.
      • San Pedro
Woodford, A.O. (1924), The Catalina metamorphic facies of the Franciscan series: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 15: 49-68; [… (abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 33: 98 (1926)]: 55; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 238.
      • Santa Catalina Island
        • Escondido Canyon
Bailey, Edgar H. (1941a), Mineralogy, petrology and geology of Santa Catalina Island, California: Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University: 61-62; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 485.
Woodford, A.O. (1924), The Catalina metamorphic facies of the Franciscan series: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 15: 55; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 182; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 361.
    • Marin Co.
      • Angel Island State Park
Bloxam, T.W. (1960), Jadeite rocks and glaucophane schists from Angel Island, San Francisco Bay, California: American Journal of Science: 258: 558-560; Coleman, R.G. (1965), Composition of jadeite pyroxene from the California graywackes: USGS PP 525-C: 25; Coleman, R.G. & J.R. Clark (1968), Pyroxenes in the blueschist facies of California: American Journal of Science: 266: 44; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 487.
      • Novato
Chuck Trantham specimen
      • Tiburon Peninsula
        • Tiburon Uplands Nature Preserve
Ransome, Frederick Leslie (1895), On lawsonite, a new rock-forming mineral from the Tiburon Peninsula, Marin County: University of California, Department of Geological Science Bull.: 1: 301-312; American Mineralogist (1969) 54, 1139-1150; Papike, J.J. and Clark, J.R. (1968a) Cation distribution in the crystal structure of glaucophane; II: the high pressure polymorph. Geological Society of America Abstract, 1966: 157; Klein, C. (1969) Two-amphibole assemblages in the system actinolite-hornblende-glaucophane. American Mineralogist: 54: 212-237.
Blake, M.C., W.P. Irwin & R.G. Coleman (1967), Upside-down metamorphic zonation, blueschist facies, along a regional thrust in California and Oregon: USGS PP 575-C: 2; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 488.
      • Coastal Range
        • Dos Rios
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 238-239; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 487-488.
        • Laytonville
Chesterman, C.W. (1966b), Mineralogy of the Laytonville quarry, Mendocino County, California, in: Geology of Northern California: California Division Mines & Geol. Bulletin 190: 503; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 487.; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 70.
        • Longvale
          • North of Longvale
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 111, 152, 176.
Gunnar Färber
          • State route 162 (Covelo Road)
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 475, 488.
        • McClure Place
          • Jumpoff Creek
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 239.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Glaucophane Ridge
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 239.
Shi, G., Harlow, G. E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., ... & Cui, W. (2012). Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(2), 345-370.
        • Picacho Peak
Yoder, Hatten S., Jr. & Charles W. Chesterman (1951), Jadeite of San Benito County, California. California Division of Mines, Special Report 10-C: 3; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 239, 299, 309; Tsujimori, T., et al (2005), Paper No. 21-6, The Geological Society of America, Joint Meeting Cordilleran Section and Pacific Section, 101st Annual Meeting, 29 April-1 May 2005, San Jose, California.
Ernst, W.G. (1965) Mineral paragenesis in Franciscan metamorphic rocks, Panoche Pass, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin: 76: 888; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 488.
Essene, J. (1967). An occurrence of cymrite in the Franciscan Formation, California. The American Mineralogist, 52, 1885-1890.
Woodford, A.O. (1925), The San Onofre breccia; its nature and origin: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin 15: 192; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 488.
    • San Luis Obispo Co.
      • San Luis Obispo
Eakle, Arthur Starr (1906), Notes on lawsonite, columbite, beryl, barite, and calcite: University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 5: 86; Rogers, Austin Flint (1915a), Lawsonite from the central Coast Ranges of California: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 39: 111; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 239.
      • Santa Lucia Mts (Santa Lucia Range)
Smith, James Perrin (1906), The paragenesis of the minerals in the glaucophane-bearing rocks of California: American Philosophical Society Proceedings: 45: 213; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 239.
    • San Mateo Co.
      • Redwood City
Eakle, Arthur Starr (1906), Notes on lawsonite, columbite, beryl, barite, and calcite: University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 5: 86; Smith, James Perrin (1906), The paragenesis of the minerals in the glaucophane-bearing rocks of California: American Philosophical Society Proceedings: 45: 183-242: 212; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 239.
    • Santa Barbara Co.
      • Channel Islands
        • Channel Islands National Park
          • Santa Rosa Island
Bailey, Thomas L. & Alfred O. Woodford (1928), Northwestern continuation of the San Onofre breccia: California University Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 17: 191; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 239.
    • Santa Clara Co.
      • Black Wonder Mining District
        • Alum Rock
Rogers, Austin Flint (1915a), Lawsonite from the central Coast Ranges of California: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 39: 111; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 489.
        • Eylar Mountain
Rogers, Austin Flint (1915a), Lawsonite from the central Coast Ranges of California: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 39: 109; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 239; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 489.
        • Mount Hamilton
Barrel Sidney Cowan (1978) Petrology and Structure of the Franciscan Assemblage Northwest of Pacheco Pass, California. PhD thesis Stanford University
Rogers, Austin Flint (1915a), Lawsonite from the central Coast Ranges of California: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 39: 105-112; […Neues Jahrb., 1916, Band 2: 25-26]: 108, 109; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 239; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 488-489.
      • Calaveras Valley
Rogers, Austin Flint (1915a), Lawsonite from the central Coast Ranges of California: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 39: 108; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 239; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 488.
Smith, James Perrin (1906), The paragenesis of the minerals in the glaucophane-bearing rocks of California: American Philosophical Society Proceedings: 45: 212; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 239.
      • Pacheco Pass
McKee, Bates (1962), Aragonite in the Franciscan rocks of the Pacheco Pass, California: American Mineralogist: 47: 381, 382, 384; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 299-300, 353; Onucki, H. and Ernst, W.G. (1969) Coexisting sodic amphiboles and sodic pyroxenes from blueschist facies metamorphic rocks. Mineralogical Association of America Special Paper 2: 242; Ernst, W.G., Y. Seki, H. Onucki, and M.C. Gilbert (1970) Comparative study of low-grade metamorphism in the California Coast Ranges and outer metamorphic belt of Japan. Geological Society of America Memorandum 124, 276 pp.: 171; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404, 488.
Essene, E.J. (1967) An occurrence of Cymrite in the Franciscan formation, California. American Mineralogist: 52: 1885-1890; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 368.; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
      • San Jose
        • Oak Hill
Smith, James Perrin (1906), The paragenesis of the minerals in the glaucophane-bearing rocks of California: American Philosophical Society Proceedings: 45: 212; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 489.
    • Sonoma Co.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 239.
      • Coast Range
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 239; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 489.
        • Cazadero
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 239; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 489.
Coleman, R.G. & D.E. Lee (1963), Glaucophane-bearing metamorphic rocks of the Cazadero area, California: Journal of Petrology: 4: 290; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 489.; DHZ, Vol. 2B, 2nd ed., p 663.
        • Guerneville Mining District
Smith, James Perrin (1906), The paragenesis of the minerals in the glaucophane-bearing rocks of California: American Philosophical Society Proceedings: 45: 212; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 239.
      • Healdsburg
Irving, John, Magnus Vonsen & Forest A. Gonyer (1932), Pumpellyite from California: American Mineralogist: 17: 338-342; correction, p. 456 (1932): 338; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 239; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 489.
Switzer, George S. (1951b) Mineralogy of the California glaucophane schists. California Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 161: 70; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 489, 492.
Van King
Coombs, D.S., A.J. Ellis, W.S. Fyfe & A.M. Taylor (1959), The zeolite facies with comments on the interpretation of hydrothermal syntheses: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta: 17: 97; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 70, 239; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 489.
      • West Mayacmas Mining District
        • Cloverdale
Essene, E.J. and W.S. Fyfe (1967) Omphacite in California metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 15, 23 pp.: 4; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 393.
    • Stanislaus Co.
      • Ladd-Buckeye Mining District
        • Mount Oso
Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.
  • North Carolina
National Geochemical Database -Rocks ,File W168075 -W168076 :USGS
  • Oregon
    • Coos Co.
Robert Muir Wood (1982) The Laytonville Quarry (Mendocino County California) Exotic Block: Iron-rich Blueschist-Facies Subduction-Zone Metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 45:87-99.
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
Schulze, D. J., Flemming, R. L., Shepherd, P. H., & Helmstaedt, H. (2014). Mantle-derived guyanaite in a Cr-omphacitite xenolith from Moses Rock diatreme, Utah. American Mineralogist, 99(7), 1277-1283.
  • Washington
    • Snohomish Co.
      • Darrington Mining District
        • Darrington
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
 
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