SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography

Lorenzenite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About LorenzeniteHide

Formula:
Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Colour:
Pale purple-brown, pale pink to mauve, brown to black
Lustre:
Adamantine, Vitreous, Sub-Metallic, Dull
Hardness:
6
Specific Gravity:
3.42 - 3.45
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
For Johannes Theodor Lorenzen (1855-1884), Danish mineralogist
This page provides mineralogical data about Lorenzenite.


Classification of LorenzeniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.DB.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
B : Inosilicates with 2-periodic single chains, Si2O6; Pyroxene-related minerals
65.1.6.1

65 : INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
1 : Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
14.9.2

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
9 : Silicates of Ti

Physical Properties of LorenzeniteHide

Adamantine, Vitreous, Sub-Metallic, Dull
Transparency:
Transparent, Opaque
Colour:
Pale purple-brown, pale pink to mauve, brown to black
Streak:
White to pale brown
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Distinct on {010}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.42 - 3.45 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.44 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of LorenzeniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.910 - 1.950 nβ = 2.010 - 2.040 nγ = 2.030 - 2.060
2V:
Measured: 38° to 41°, Calculated: 34°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.120
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v distinct
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X=Y= pale reddish yellow, yellowish brown to light brown
Z= pale yellow, brownish to dark brown

Chemical Properties of LorenzeniteHide

Formula:
Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
IMA Formula:
Na2Ti2O3(Si2O6)
Common Impurities:
Zr,Al,Y,TR,La,Ce,Fe,Nb,Mn,Ca,Sr,F,H2O

Crystallography of LorenzeniteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pbcn
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.71 Å, b = 5.23 Å, c = 14.48 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.665 : 1 : 2.769
Unit Cell V:
659.61 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Equant, bladed prismatic to needlelike

Crystallographic forms of LorenzeniteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Lorenzenite no.1 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Lorenzenite no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Lorenzenite no.3 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indices | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Crystal StructureHide

Load
Unit Cell | Unit Cell Packed
2x2x2 | 3x3x3 | 4x4x4
Show
Big Balls | Small Balls | Just Balls | Spacefill
Polyhedra Off | Si Polyhedra | All Polyhedra
Remove metal-metal sticks
Display Options
Black Background | White Background
Perspective On | Perspective Off
2D | Stereo | Red-Blue | Red-Cyan
View
CIF File    Best | x | y | z | a | b | c
Rotation
Stop | Start
Labels
Console Off | On | Grey | Yellow
IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0001064LorenzeniteSundberg M R, Lehtinen M, Kivekas R (1987) Refinement of the crystal structure of ramsayite (lorenzenite) American Mineralogist 72 173-17719870293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Nepheline syenites and pegmatites

Type Occurrence of LorenzeniteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
University of Copenhagen

Synonyms of LorenzeniteHide

Other Language Names for LorenzeniteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
21 photos of Lorenzenite associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
7 photos of Lorenzenite associated with CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
6 photos of Lorenzenite associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
6 photos of Lorenzenite associated with NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
6 photos of Lorenzenite associated with CalciteCaCO3
5 photos of Lorenzenite associated with BrookiteTiO2
4 photos of Lorenzenite associated with Eudialyte(Na3Na3Na3Na3Na3)Ca6(IVFe2+3)Zr3[Si3O9]2[Si9O27SiO][Si9O27SiO]Cl(H2O)
4 photos of Lorenzenite associated with KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2
3 photos of Lorenzenite associated with ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
3 photos of Lorenzenite associated with QuartzSiO2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DB.05BalipholiteBaLiMg2Al3(Si2O6)2(OH)4Orth.
9.DB.05CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
9.DB.05Ferrocarpholite(Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
9.DB.05Magnesiocarpholite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
9.DB.05Potassiccarpholite(K,☐)(Li,Mn2+)2Al4(Si2O6)2(OH,F)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
9.DB.05VanadiocarpholiteMn2+V3+Al(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
9.DB.15LintisiteLiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2OMon.
9.DB.15PunkaruaiviteLiTi2(HSi4O12)(OH)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DB.17EliseeviteLiNa1.5Ti2(H1.5Si4O12)O2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DB.20KukisvumiteNa6ZnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2OOrth.
9.DB.20ManganokukisvumiteNa6MnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn
9.DB.25VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DB.25ParavinogradoviteNa1-2(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O6)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)4 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.DB.30NchwaningiteMn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.DB.35PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.DB.40ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.DB.40UM2005-31-SiO:CuHCu11(SiO4)(OH)18 · 9H2O (?)
9.DB.45Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]Mon.
9.DB.50CapranicaiteKCaNaAl4B4Si2O18Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

65.1.6.2KukisvumiteNa6ZnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2OOrth.
65.1.6.3LintisiteLiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.9.1NatisiteNa2Ti(SiO4)OTet.
14.9.3LintisiteLiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2OMon.
14.9.4DavaniteK2TiSi6O15Tric.
14.9.5KazakoviteNa6Mn2+Ti(Si6O18)Trig.
14.9.6TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)OMon. 2/m : P21/b
14.9.7OhmiliteSr3(Ti,Fe3+)(Si4O12)(O,OH) · 2-3H2OMon.
14.9.8Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2Mon.
14.9.9BenitoiteBaTi(Si3O9)Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
14.9.10BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2Orth.
14.9.11FresnoiteBa2Ti(Si2O7)OTet. 4mm : P4bm
14.9.12Joaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2OMon. 2 : B2
14.9.13Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2OOrth.
14.9.14StrontiojoaquiniteSr2Ba2(Na,Fe)2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH)2 · H2OMon.
14.9.15Bario-orthojoaquinite(Ba,Sr)4Fe2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2 · H2OOrth.
14.9.16Strontio-orthojoaquinite(Na,Fe)2Sr2Ba2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH)2 · H2OOrth.
14.9.17BafertisiteBa2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric.
14.9.18HejtmaniteBa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric. 1
14.9.19Delindeite(Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
14.9.20Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)Mon.
14.9.21Trimounsite-(Y)Y2Ti2(SiO4)O5Mon.
14.9.22Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.9.23Chevkinite(Ce,Ca,Th)4(Fe,Mn)2(Ti,Fe)3[Si2O7]2O8
14.9.24Strontiochevkinite(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon.
14.9.25TisinaliteNa3H3(Mn,Ca,Fe)TiSi6(O,OH)18 · 2H2OTrig.
14.9.26NeptuniteNa2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24Mon. m : Bb
14.9.27ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24Mon.
14.9.28Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4FTric.
14.9.29AstrophylliteK2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4FTric. 1 : P1
14.9.30Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31Tric.
14.9.31LobanoviteK2Na(Fe2+4Mg2Na)Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.9.32BaratoviteKCa7(Ti,Zr)2Li3Si12O36F2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.9.34AenigmatiteNa4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]Tric. 1 : P1
14.9.35SchorlomiteCa3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
14.9.36TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2TiO[Si7O18(OH)]Tric.
14.9.37Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
14.9.38KoashviteNa6(Ca,Mn)(Ti,Fe)Si6O18 · H2OOrth.

Fluorescence of LorenzeniteHide

Pale yellow to dull green in SW

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LorenzeniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1947): 32: 59-63.
American Mineralogist (1987): 72: 173-177.

Internet Links for LorenzeniteHide

Localities for LorenzeniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
Locock, Andrew John (1994) Aspects of the geochemistry and mineralogy of the Ice River alkaline intrusive complex, Yoho National Park, British Columbia. M.Sc. thesis, University of Alberta.
    • Omineca Mining Division
      • Williston Lake
Mäder, U. K. (1986). The Aley carbonatite complex.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
L. W. Curtis And J. Gittins (1979) Aluminous and Titaniferous Clinopyroxenes from Regionally Metamorphosed Agpaitic Rocks in Central Labrador. J. Petrology 20:165-186.; Curtis, L.W. & Currie, K.L. (1977) Geology and petrology of the Red Wine complex, Central Labrador. GSC Bulletin 287, 61p. + maps
      • Seal Lake alkaline complex (Letitia Lake)
GSC locality database; GSC database locality No. 4100
GSC database; GSC database locality No. 4101
  • Nunavut
    • Qikiqtaaluk Region
      • Baffin Island
Hogarth (1997) Canadian Mineralogist 35, 53-78.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
GRICE, J.D. (1989) Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Canada's Most Diverse Mineral Locality. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 100-108; 166-175.; HORVÁTH, L., GAULT, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 281-359.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Karlsruhe Region
      • Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
        • Eberbach
Lippolt, H. J., Horn, P., & Todt, W. (1976). Kalium-Argon-Alter von Mineralien und Einschlüssen der Basalt-Vorkommen Katzenbuckel und Roßberg. N Jb Miner Abh, 127(3), 242-260. Mann, U., Marks, M., & Markl, G. (2006). Influence of oxygen fugacity on mineral compositions in peralkaline melts: The Katzenbuckel volcano, Southwest Germany. Lithos, 91(1-4), 262-285. Schmitt, A. K., Marks, M. A., Nesbor, H. D., & Markl, G. (2007). The onset and origin of differentiated Rhine Graben volcanism based on U-Pb ages and oxygen isotopic composition of zircon. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19(6), 849-857. Stähle, V., Koch, M., McCammon, C. A., Mann, U., & Markl, G. (2002). Occurrence of Low-Ti and High-Ti freudenbergite in alkali syenite dikes from the Katzenbuckel volcano, Southwestern Germany. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(6), 1609-1627. Wagner, C., Velde, D., & Mokhtari, A. (1987). Sector-zoned phlogopites in igneous rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 96(2), 186-191.
Stahle, V., Koch, M., McCammon, C. A., Mann, U. & Markl, G. (2002): Occurrence of low-Ti and high-Ti freudenbergite in alkali syenite dikes from the Katzenbuckel volcano, southwestern Germany. Canadian Mineralogist 40, 1609-1627.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz District
      • Vordereifel
        • Ettringen
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch, U., Sebold, D., Neue Funde aus der Vulkaneifel , Mineralien-Welt 15/3, 58-69, 2004
Greenland (TL)
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Igaliku
      • Narsaarsuk Plateau
Flink, G. (1901) Undersøgelser af mineraler fra Julianehaab indsamlede af G. Flink 1897. Part I. On the minerals from Narsarsuk on the Firth of Tunugdliarfik in Southern Greenland. 27. Lorenzenite. Meddelelser om Grønland 24: 9-180 ; Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p. (p.223)
    • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
        • Kvanefjeld (Kuannersuit Plateau)
          • Kvanefjeld Uranium deposit
Henning Sørensen and Lotte Melchior Larsen (2001) The hyper-agpaitic stage in the evolution of the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 83–94
  • Sermersooq
    • Kangerlussuaq Fjord
MinRec 16:485-494
Libya
 
  • Kufra District
Flinn et al. (1992) The rock-forming minerals of the Jabal Arknu and Jabal Awaynat alkaline ring complexes of SE Libya. In: The Geology of Libya, Vol VII edited by Salem et al. (Elsevier) 2539-2557.
Flinn et al. (1992)
Morocco
 
  • Béni Mellal-Khénifra Region
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Zagora Province
Berger, J., Ennih, N., Mercier, J. C., Liégeois, J. P., & Demaiffe, D. (2009). The role of fractional crystallization and late-stage peralkaline melt segregation in the mineralogical evolution of Cenozoic nephelinites/phonolites from Saghro (SE Morocco). Mineralogical magazine, 73(1), 59-82.
Norway
 
  • Oslo
    • Oslomarka
Kvamsdal, L.O. (2018) Delebekken - en ny elpidittlokalitet i Nordmarka ved Oslo. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 29-43
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Larsen, A. O., Raade, G. & Sæbø, P. C. (1992): Lorenzenite from the Bratthagen nepheline syenite pegmatites, Lågendalen, Oslo Region, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 72, 381-384.
        • Lysebo
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
      • Langesundsfjorden
Raade, G. (1967): Ramsayite as an alteration product of mosandrite. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 47: 249-250
      • Tvedalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
  • Viken
    • Lunner
Raade, G. & Haug, J. (1982): Gjerdingen. Fundstelle seltener Mineralien in Norwegen. LAPIS 7, 9-15
    • Nittedal
Kvamsdal, L.O. (2018) Delebekken - en ny elpidittlokalitet i Nordmarka ved Oslo. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 29-43
Poland
 
  • Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship
    • Ełk County
Armbrustmacher, T. J., & Modreski, P. J. (1994). Petrology and mineralogy of alkaline rocks from the Ełk complex. Geology of the Ełk syenite massif (northeastern Poland). Pr. Panstwowego Inst. Geol, 144, 49-70. Armbrustmacher, T. J., & Modreski, P. J. (1994). Petrology and mineralogy of alkaline rocks from the Elk massif, northeastern Poland. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey, Open-File Report 94-145. Demaiffe, D., Wiszniewska, J., & Brassinnes, S. (2005). A petrological-geochemical overview of the Tajno carbonatite complex (NE Poland): comparison with the Kola Carbonatite Province (Russia). Mineral. Soc. Poland, Spec Pap, 26, 29-35. Demaiffe, D., Wiszniewska, J., Krzemińska, E., Williams, I. S., Stein, H., Brassinnes, S., ... & Deloule, E. (2013). A hidden alkaline and carbonatite province of early Carboniferous age in northeast Poland: Zircon U-Pb and pyrrhotite Re-Os geochronology. The Journal of Geology, 121(1), 91-104. Krystkiewicz, E., & Ryka, W. (1994). Petrography of the Ełk syenite massif. Geology of the Ełk syenite massif (northeastern Poland). Pr. Panstwowego Inst. Geol, 144, 19-48. Ryka, W. (1994). Geology of the Ełk syenite massif, NE Poland. Pr. Państw. Inst. Geol, 144, 1-125. Ryka, W. (1994). Geology and evolution of the Ełk syenite massif. Geology of the Ełk syenite massif (northeastern Poland). Pr. Panstwowego Inst. Geol, 144, 85-120.
Portugal
 
  • Azores
    • São Miguel
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA; Lavarde, S., Chiappino, L., Alves, P., Astolfi, M., (2019) Les Minéraux du massif volcanique du Fogo, Ile de São Miguel, Açores, Portugal. Le Règne Mineral, 145, 30-50
Russia
 
  • Aldan Shield
    • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
[Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]
  • Buryatia
    • Mama River Basin
      • Maigunda River
[MinRec 32:42]
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aldan.htm.; Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Mitchell, R.H., Chakhmouradian, A.R. and Yakovenchuk, V.N. (1996): "Nioboloparite"; a re-investigation and descreditation. Canadian Mineralogist. 34,991-999
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
        • Astrophyllite Stream
Pekov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp11-16; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.; Yakovenchuk V N, Ivanyuk G Y, Pakhomovsky Y A, Selivanova E A, Korchak J A, Nikolaev A P (2010) Strontiofluorite, SrF2, a new mineral species from the Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist 48, 1487-1492
      • Koashva Mt
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
      • Kukisvumchorr Mt
        • East slope
          • Tuliok River head
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
American Mineralogist, Volume 92, pages 1525-1530, 2007
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Yakovenchuk, V.N.; Pakhomovsky, Y.A.; Panikorovskii, T.L.; Zolotarev, A.A.; Mikhailova, J.A.; Bocharov, V.N.; Krivovichev, S.V.; Ivanyuk, G.Y. (2019) Chirvinskyite, (Na,Ca)13(Fe,Mn,□)2(Ti,Nb)2(Zr,Ti)3-(Si2O7)4(OH,O,F)12, a New Mineral with a Modular Wallpaper Structure, from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Minerals 2019, 9, 219.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Yukspor Mt
P.M. Kartashov data
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2003): 10: 461-480.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
    • Lovozersky District
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33. ; Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Khomyakov A P, Shumyatskaya N G, Polezhaeva L T (1992) Shomiokite-(Y), Na3Y(CO3)3·3H2O: a new mineral, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 121, issue 6 129-132 ; Pekov I V, Chukanov N V, Khomyakov A P, Rastsvetaeva R K, Kucherinenko Y V, Nedel'ko V V (1999) Korobitsynite, Na3-x(Ti,Nb)2[Si4O12](OH,O)2·3-4H2O, a new mineral from Lovozero massif, Kola Peninsula, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 128, issue 3 72-79; Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Sorokhtina N.V., Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A., Selivanova E.A. (2004) The first find of daqingshanite-(Ce) on Kola peninsula, - Trudy 1 Fersmanovskoi Nauchnoi Sessii Kolskogo Otdeleniya VMO, Apatity,pt.1, pp. 34-36 (in Russ.)
Pekov I V, Chukanov N V, Turchkova A G, Grishin V G (2001) Ferronordorite-(La), Na3Sr(La,Ce)FeSi6O17, a new mineral of the nordite group from Lovozero Massif, Kola Peninsula, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 130, issue 2, 53-58
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Engporr Mountain
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
New Data on Minerals M., 2004 Vol 39 pp 5-13
        • Second Eastern Stream (Kromka Stream)
Pekov, I. V. (2000) Lovozero Massif - History, Pegmatites, Minerals. Ocean Pictures LTD: Moscow 2000.
Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
Zap. Vseross. Mineral. Obshch., 130(6), 63–67; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Karnasurt mine (Kedyk area)
American Mineralogist: 90: 1467-1468.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G. Y., Krivovichev, S. V., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Selivanova, E. A., Korchak, J. A., ... & Zalkind, O. A. (2011). Eliseevite, Na1. 5Li [Ti2Si4O12. 5 (OH) 1.5]∙ 2H2O, a new microporous titanosilicate from the Lovozero alkaline massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). American Mineralogist, 96(10), 1624-1629.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Seidozero Lake
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
      • Suoluai River Valley
        • Kuamdespakhk Mt
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
      • Suoluaiv Mt
[MinRec 32:416]; Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp. [P. 383-4]
Pekov, I. V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Pictures Ltd., Moscow, 369 pp.; Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist 37:802
    • Northern Karelia
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan
      • Inagli Massif
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Tuva
    • Sangilen Upland
Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
South Africa
 
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province
      • Tenerife
Ferguson, A.K. (1978): The occurence of Ramseyite, Titan-Lavenite and a fluorine-rich Eucolite in a nepheline-syenite inclusion from Tenerife, Canary Islands, Contrib Mineral Petrol 66, 15-20.
Sweden
 
  • Jönköping County
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
        • Norra Kärr
Tranefors, H. & Olsson, K. (2017) Norra Kärr- ett återbesök och uppdatering från juni 2016. Litiofilen: 34: 7-10.
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
Rocks & Min.:63:109.
Collected/identified by Chris Stefano- June 2008
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
      • Springer
        • Point of Rocks Mesa (Pecks Mesa)
Rocks & Min.:60:229.; 4th Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium (1985) New Mexico Geology 7:18-19
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2020年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2020.8.10 13:33:48 Page generated: 2020.8.10 04:16:51
Go to top of page