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Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazili
Regional Level Types
Poços de Caldas alkaline complexComplex
Minas GeraisState
BrazilCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Poços de Caldas146,588 (2017)
Name(s) in local language(s):
Complexo alcalino de Poços de Caldas


Poços de Caldas complex is one of the largest intrusions of the world (some 800 km²) and extends into the states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais. It is a circular structure resembling a collapsed caldera approx. 30 km in diameter. The alkaline complex mainly consists of tinguaite/phonolite, nepheline syenites, sodalite syenites, and various volcanics.
Contains one of the world's largest baddeleyite deposits, bauxite, and uranium mining (now abandoned).

Poços de Caldas is also the name of a city (head of Poços de Caldas municipality) located in the region.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

126 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Revista Brasileira de Geociências 23(4):388-399; Ulbrich, M. N. (1993). Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Baldas Alkaline massif, se Brazil: chemistry, x-ray data and microtextures of feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 23(4), 388-399.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Ulbrich, M. N. (1993). Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Baldas Alkaline massif, se Brazil: chemistry, x-ray data and microtextures of feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 23(4), 388-399.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Baretto & Fujimori (1986)
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Ulbrich, M. N. (1993). Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Baldas Alkaline massif, se Brazil: chemistry, x-ray data and microtextures of feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 23(4), 388-399.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Ancylite-(La)
Formula: LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Horváth, Menezes, Toft ollections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Revista Brasileira de Geociências 23(4):388-399; Ulbrich, M. N. (1993). Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Baldas Alkaline massif, se Brazil: chemistry, x-ray data and microtextures of feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 23(4), 388-399.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Ulbrich, M. N. (1993). Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Baldas Alkaline massif, se Brazil: chemistry, x-ray data and microtextures of feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 23(4), 388-399.
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Reference: ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.; Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Revista Brasileira de Geociências 23(4):388-399
Augite var: Soda-Augite
Reference: Revista Brasileira de Geociências 23(4):388-399
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Waber et al. (1992) Jour. Geochemical Explor. 45, 53-112; WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Baretto & Fujimori (1986)
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Jordens, A., Marion, C., Kuzmina, O., & Waters, K. E. (2014). Surface chemistry considerations in the flotation of bastnäsite. Minerals Engineering, 66, 119-129.
Batisite
Formula: BaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Reference: Azzi, A., Atencio, D., Andrade, M., Contreira, R. (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne: 226.
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Atencio et al. (1999) Canadian Mineralogist 37, 91-98.
Bílinite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Waber et al. (1992) Jour. Geochemical Explor. 45, 53-112; WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Ulbrich, M. N. (1993). Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Baldas Alkaline massif, se Brazil: chemistry, x-ray data and microtextures of feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 23(4), 388-399.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Waber (1991)
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Azzi, Andrezza de Almeida (2017) Rare Minerals from Poços de Caldas, MG
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Reference: Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
'Britholite-(La)'
Formula: Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
Reference: Azzi, Andrezza de Almeida (2017) Rare Minerals from Poços de Caldas, MG
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.; Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Caldasite'
Reference: Derby, in Lee (1919), American Journal of Science: 47: 126; Franco, R. R. & Loewenstein, W. (1948): Zirconium from the region of Poços de Caldas. Am. Mineral. 33, 142-151. [http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM33/AM33_142.pdf]
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Ulbrich, H. H. G. J., Demaiffe, D., Vlach, S. R., & Ulbrich, N. M. C. (2003). Geochemical and Sr, Nd and Pb isotope signatures of phonolites and nepheline syenites from the Poços de Caldas alkaline massif, southeastern Brazil. In South American Symposium of Isotope Geology (Vol. 4, pp. 698-701).
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
Cavoite
Formula: CaV4+3O7
Description: On-line version of Handbook page (http://rruff.info/doclib/hom/cavoite.pdf) is in fact that of cerianite-(Ce).
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Baretto & Fujimori (1986)
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Horváth, Menezes, Toft ollections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Chlorbartonite
Formula: K6Fe24S26(Cl,S)
Reference: Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Revista Brasileira de Geociências 23(4):388-399
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Waber (1991)
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Ulbrich, M. N. (1993). Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Baldas Alkaline massif, se Brazil: chemistry, x-ray data and microtextures of feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 23(4), 388-399.
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Reference: Waber (1991)
Ferrobustamite
Formula: CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Ferrokentbrooksite
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Reference: Atencio et al.(2000) 4th international conference mineralogy and museuns, program and abstracts volume, p23.
Fersmanite
Formula: Ca4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3
Reference: ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Waber (1991)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:3 pp275-280
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Reference: Azzi, Andrezza de Almeida (2017) Rare Minerals from Poços de Caldas, MG
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Ulbrich, M. N. (1993). Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Baldas Alkaline massif, se Brazil: chemistry, x-ray data and microtextures of feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 23(4), 388-399.; Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Fluorlamprophyllite (TL)
Formula: Na3(SrNa)Ti3(Si2O7)2O2F2
Reference: Andrade, M.B., Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Färber, G., Contreira Filho, R.R., Evans, S.H., Loehn, C.W. and Schumer, B.N. (2014) Fluorlamprophyllite, IMA 2013-102. CNMNC Newsletter No. 19, February 2014, page 166; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 165-170.
Gaidonnayite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Georgechaoite
Formula: NaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Reference: Robinson, G. W., King, V. T., Scovil, J., & Cureton, F. (1995). World review of mineral discoveries: 1993-1994. Mineralogical Record, 26(5), 475.; RRUFF ID: R100082
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: www.mineralogicalassociation.ca/doc/abstracts/cm3_Vol37_Jun99.pdf.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: www.mineralogicalassociation.ca/doc/abstracts/cm3_Vol37_Jun99.pdf.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Atencio et al. (1999) Canadian Mineralogist 37, 91-98.
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Waber et al. (1992) Jour. Geochemical Explor. 45, 53-112; WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
Hainite-(Y)
Formula: Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Atencio, D., Coutinho, J. M. V., Ulbrich, M. N. C., Vlach, S. R. F., Rastsvetaeva, R. K., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (1999). Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98. ; Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Waber et al. (1992) Jour. Geochemical Explor. 45, 53-112; WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hilairite
Formula: Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Reference: Horváth, Menezes, Toft collections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe; Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Horváth, Menezes, Toft ollections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe
Ilsemannite
Formula: Mo3O8 · nH2O
Reference: WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jordisite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Waber et al. (1992) Jour. Geochemical Explor. 45, 53-112; WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kentbrooksite
Formula: (Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Reference: Atencio et al.(2000) 4th international conference mineralogy and museuns, program and abstracts volume, p23.
'K Feldspar'
Kochite
Formula: Na3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Kupletskite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Horváth, Menezes, Toft ollections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe
Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Reference: Ulbrich, M. N. (1993). Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Baldas Alkaline massif, se Brazil: chemistry, x-ray data and microtextures of feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 23(4), 388-399.; Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Lanthanite-(Nd)
Formula: (Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Reference: Waber (1991)
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Atencio, D., Coutinho, J. M. V., Ulbrich, M. N. C., Vlach, S. R. F., Rastsvetaeva, R. K., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (1999). Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Waber (1991)
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Rafael Hernandes Corrêa-Silva.
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Reference: Waber (1991)
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Reference: Waber (1991)
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Reference: Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: USGS Bull 1185-D; Ulbrich, M. N. (1993). Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Baldas Alkaline massif, se Brazil: chemistry, x-ray data and microtextures of feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 23(4), 388-399.
Manganoeudialyte (TL)
Formula: Na14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Reference: Nomura, S.F., Atencio, D., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Cutinho, J.M.V. and Karipidis, T.K. (2010): Manganoeudialyte, a new mineral from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 139(4), 35-47.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Ulbrich, M. N. (1993). Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Baldas Alkaline massif, se Brazil: chemistry, x-ray data and microtextures of feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 23(4), 388-399.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Baretto & Fujimori (1986)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: No reference listed
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
'Monazite'
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mosandrite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Reference: ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Revista Brasileira de Geociências 23(4):388-399
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Revista Brasileira de Geociências 23(4):388-399
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Reference: Azzi, Andrezza de Almeida (2017) Rare Minerals from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Ulbrich, M. N. (1993). Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Baldas Alkaline massif, se Brazil: chemistry, x-ray data and microtextures of feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 23(4), 388-399.; Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Neptunite
Formula: Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Reference: ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
Normandite
Formula: NaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Reference: ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
Nsutite
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Ulbrich, M. N. (1993). Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Baldas Alkaline massif, se Brazil: chemistry, x-ray data and microtextures of feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 23(4), 388-399.
Paranatisite
Formula: Na2Ti(SiO4)O
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Waber et al. (1992) Jour. Geochemical Explor. 45, 53-112; WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Waber et al. (1992) Jour. Geochemical Explor. 45, 53-112; WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Waber et al. (1992) Jour. Geochemical Explor. 45, 53-112; WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Waber (1991)
'Plumbogummite Group'
Reference: Waber, N., Schorscher, H. D., & Peters, T. (1992). Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45(1-3), 53-112.
Polezhaevaite-(Ce)
Formula: NaSrCeF6
Reference: Azzi, Andrezza de Almeida (2017) Rare Minerals from Poços de Caldas, MG
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Waber (1991)
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Waber et al. (1992) Jour. Geochemical Explor. 45, 53-112; WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Reference: Ulbrich, M. N. (1993). Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Baldas Alkaline massif, se Brazil: chemistry, x-ray data and microtextures of feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 23(4), 388-399.; ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.; Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Rosenbuschite
Formula: Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Reference: ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Waber (1991)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Revista Brasileira de Geociências 23(4):388-399; Ulbrich, M. N. (1993). Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Baldas Alkaline massif, se Brazil: chemistry, x-ray data and microtextures of feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 23(4), 388-399.; Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Stronadelphite
Formula: Sr5(PO4)3F
Reference: Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Horváth, Menezes, Toft ollections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe
Tainiolite
Formula: KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Reference: Atencio et al. (1999) Canadian Mineralogist 37, 91-98.
Thorbastnäsite
Formula: ThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
Reference: Baretto & Fujimori (1986)
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Baretto & Fujimori (1986)
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Waber (1991)
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: Baretto & Fujimori (1986)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Ulbrich, M. N. (1993). Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Baldas Alkaline massif, se Brazil: chemistry, x-ray data and microtextures of feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 23(4), 388-399.
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Waber et al. (1992) Jour. Geochemical Explor. 45, 53-112; WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
Tuperssuatsiaite
Formula: Na2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Atencio, D. , Coutinho, J.M.V. and Vlach, S.R.F. (2005). "Tuperssuatsiaite from the Bortolan quarry, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil." The Mineralogical Record, 36(3),pp:275-280.
'UM1984-38-SiO:TiU'
Formula: U3Ti3SiO14
Reference: Simova, F., Kurat, G., Kracher, A., Brandstetter, F., Pabst, L. (1984): Uranium-titanium silicates from different types of uranium deposits. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences): 18: 43-55 (in Russian); in: Hawthorne, F.C., Fleischer, M., Grew, E.S., Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1986): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 71: 1281
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Rui Nunes 2011
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Waber et al. (1992) Jour. Geochemical Explor. 45, 53-112
Villiaumite
Formula: NaF
Reference: Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Vinogradovite
Formula: Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Reference: Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Vishnevite
Formula: (Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Reference: Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
Wadeite
Formula: K2Zr(Si3O9)
Reference: ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Waber (1991)
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Waber et al. (1992) Jour. Geochemical Explor. 45, 53-112; WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Lee, T. H. (1919). Two new zircon minerals; orvillite and oliveiraite. American Journal of Science, (278), 126-132.
Zircon var: Orvillite
Formula: near 9ZrO2 · 6SiO2 · 5H2O
Reference: Lee, T. H. (1919). Two new zircon minerals; orvillite and oliveiraite. American Journal of Science, (278), 126-132.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chlorbartonite2.FC.10K6Fe24S26(Cl,S)
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Jordisite2.EA.30MoS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Polezhaevaite-(Ce)3.AB.35NaSrCeF6
Villiaumite3.AA.20NaF
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Cavoite ?4.HE.40CaV4+3O7
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ilsemannite4.FJ.15Mo3O8 · nH2O
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Lithiophorite4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Molybdite4.E0.10MoO3
Nsutite4.DB.15c(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ancylite-(La)5.DC.05LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcioancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Lanthanite-(Nd)5.CC.25(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Thorbastnäsite5.BD.20aThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Bílinite7.CB.85Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kalinite7.CC.15KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Tschermigite7.CC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Cheralite8.AD.50CaTh(PO4)2
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Florencite-(Ce)8.BL.13CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Gorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Stronadelphite8.BN.05Sr5(PO4)3F
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Astrophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Soda-Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Batisite9.DH.20BaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Berthierine9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ferrobustamite9.DG.05CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Ferrokentbrooksite9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Fersmanite9.BE.72Ca4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Gaidonnayite9.DM.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Georgechaoite9.DM.15NaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Hainite-(Y)9.BE.22Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hilairite9.DM.10Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kentbrooksite9.CO.10(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Kochite9.BE.22Na3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
Kupletskite9.DC.05(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Lamprophyllite9.BE.25(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Lorenzenite9.DB.10Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Låvenite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Manganoeudialyte (TL)9.CO.10Na14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mosandrite-(Ce)9.BE.20(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Narsarsukite9.DJ.05Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Neptunite9.EH.05Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Normandite9.BE.17NaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Paranatisite9.AG.40bNa2Ti(SiO4)O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rinkite-(Ce)9.00.20(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Rosenbuschite9.BE.22Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Tainiolite9.EC.15KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tuperssuatsiaite9.EE.20Na2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vinogradovite9.DB.25Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Vishnevite9.FB.05(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Wadeite9.CA.10K2Zr(Si3O9)
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Orvillite9.AD.30near 9ZrO2 · 6SiO2 · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
'Britholite-(La)'-Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
'Caldasite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Fluorlamprophyllite (TL)-Na3(SrNa)Ti3(Si2O7)2O2F2
'K Feldspar'-
'Monazite'-
'Plumbogummite Group'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
'UM1984-38-SiO:TiU'-U3Ti3SiO14

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Jordisite2.12.11.1MoS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Nsutite4.4.8.1(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
AX3
Molybdite4.5.1.1MoO3
Miscellaneous
Ilsemannite4.6.3.1Mo3O8 · nH2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Miscellaneous
Lithiophorite6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Villiaumite9.1.1.3NaF
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX6
Polezhaevaite-(Ce)11.5.6.3NaSrCeF6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Lanthanite-(Nd)15.4.2.2(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Calcioancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.2(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Thorbastnäsite16b.1.2.1ThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Kalinite29.5.4.2KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Tschermigite29.5.5.3(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Bílinite29.7.3.5Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
AXO4
Cheralite38.4.3.5CaTh(PO4)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Florencite-(Ce)41.5.10.2CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Stronadelphite41.8.1.4Sr5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Gorceixite42.7.3.2BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)52.4.9.8(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Paranatisite52.4.4.2Na2Ti(SiO4)O
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Fersmanite56.2.5.3Ca4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3
Hainite-(Y)56.2.4.9Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Lamprophyllite56.2.6c.4(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Mosandrite-(Ce)56.2.5.1(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Rosenbuschite56.2.4.8Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, anhydrous, no other anions
Wadeite59.1.1.4K2Zr(Si3O9)
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Gaidonnayite59.2.2.3Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Georgechaoite59.2.2.4NaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Hilairite59.2.3.1Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ferrokentbrooksite64.1.2.2Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Kentbrooksite64.1.2.1(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Manganoeudialyte (TL)64.1.1.4Na14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Lorenzenite65.1.6.1Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Ferrobustamite65.2.1.3CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=4
Batisite65.3.4.1BaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Group 68 - INOSILICATES Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Vinogradovite68.1.2.1Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Astrophyllite69.1.1.1K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Kupletskite69.1.1.2(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Narsarsukite70.1.2.1Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Column or Tube Structures with linked chains forming cages
Neptunite70.4.1.1Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Berthierine71.1.2c.2(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Tainiolite71.2.2b.9KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Tuperssuatsiaite74.3.1a.2Na2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Vishnevite76.2.5.15(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ancylite-(La)-LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite
var: Soda-Augite
-(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
'Britholite-(La)'-Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
'Caldasite'-
Cavoite ?-CaV4+3O7
Chlorbartonite-K6Fe24S26(Cl,S)
'Chlorite Group'-
Fluorlamprophyllite (TL)-Na3(SrNa)Ti3(Si2O7)2O2F2
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kochite-Na3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
'Monazite'-
Normandite-NaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
'Plumbogummite Group'-
Rinkite-(Ce)-(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'UM1984-38-SiO:TiU'-U3Ti3SiO14
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Zircon
var: Orvillite
-near 9ZrO2 · 6SiO2 · 5H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
H GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
H Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
H Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
H Zircon (var: Orvillite)near 9ZrO2 · 6SiO2 · 5H2O
H GeorgechaoiteNaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
H FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Ancylite-(La)LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
H Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
H IlsemanniteMo3O8 · nH2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H BíliniteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
H Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
H Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
H Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
H Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
H TuperssuatsiaiteNa2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
H NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
LiLithium
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Li TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
CCarbon
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C Ancylite-(La)LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
C Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
NNitrogen
N Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
OOxygen
O FluorlamprophylliteNa3(SrNa)Ti3(Si2O7)2O2F2
O ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
O GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
O Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
O Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
O RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Zircon (var: Orvillite)near 9ZrO2 · 6SiO2 · 5H2O
O GeorgechaoiteNaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
O FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
O UraniniteUO2
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O Ancylite-(La)LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
O Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
O FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O StronadelphiteSr5(PO4)3F
O VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
O Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O IlsemanniteMo3O8 · nH2O
O MolybditeMoO3
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O BíliniteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O BranneriteUTi2O6
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
O GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O HematiteFe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O RutileTiO2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O SideriteFeCO3
O AnataseTiO2
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
O ThorianiteThO2
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
O Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
O Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
O Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
O FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3
O Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
O TuperssuatsiaiteNa2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
O NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
O TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
O WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
O Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
O Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
O NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
O ParanatisiteNa2Ti(SiO4)O
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O UM1984-38-SiO:TiUU3Ti3SiO14
O CavoiteCaV34+O7
FFluorine
F FluorlamprophylliteNa3(SrNa)Ti3(Si2O7)2O2F2
F AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
F Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
F RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
F Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
F FluoriteCaF2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F StronadelphiteSr5(PO4)3F
F VilliaumiteNaF
F ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
F Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
F FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
F TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
F Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
F Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
F Polezhaevaite-(Ce)NaSrCeF6
F NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
F KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
NaSodium
Na FluorlamprophylliteNa3(SrNa)Ti3(Si2O7)2O2F2
Na ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Na GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Na Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Na Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Na Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Na RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Na GeorgechaoiteNaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Na FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Na Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Na LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na VilliaumiteNaF
Na VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Na Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Na FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3
Na Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Na TuperssuatsiaiteNa2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Na NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Na NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Na Polezhaevaite-(Ce)NaSrCeF6
Na NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Na HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Na KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
Na ParanatisiteNa2Ti(SiO4)O
MgMagnesium
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Al Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Al Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Al Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
SiSilicon
Si FluorlamprophylliteNa3(SrNa)Ti3(Si2O7)2O2F2
Si ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Si GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Si Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Si Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Si RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Zircon (var: Orvillite)near 9ZrO2 · 6SiO2 · 5H2O
Si GeorgechaoiteNaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Si FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Si Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Si Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Si FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Si LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Si Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
Si Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Si Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Si FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3
Si Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Si TuperssuatsiaiteNa2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Si NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Si TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Si WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
Si Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
Si Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Si NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Si KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
Si ParanatisiteNa2Ti(SiO4)O
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si UM1984-38-SiO:TiUU3Ti3SiO14
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P StronadelphiteSr5(PO4)3F
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
P GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
SSulfur
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ChlorbartoniteK6Fe24S26(Cl,S)
S PyriteFeS2
S Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
S JordisiteMoS2
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S BíliniteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S GreenockiteCdS
S KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Cl EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Cl ChlorbartoniteK6Fe24S26(Cl,S)
KPotassium
K AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K GeorgechaoiteNaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K ChlorbartoniteK6Fe24S26(Cl,S)
K VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
K Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
K TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
K WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
CaCalcium
Ca ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Ca Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ca Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Ca Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Ca RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Ca FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Ca Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Ca EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Ca FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
Ca ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3
Ca Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Ca Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Ca Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ca Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
Ca Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
Ca CavoiteCaV34+O7
TiTitanium
Ti FluorlamprophylliteNa3(SrNa)Ti3(Si2O7)2O2F2
Ti AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Ti Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Ti Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ti Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Ti Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Ti RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Ti BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Ti LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Ti BranneriteUTi2O6
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Ti FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3
Ti NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Ti NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Ti NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
Ti ParanatisiteNa2Ti(SiO4)O
Ti UM1984-38-SiO:TiUU3Ti3SiO14
VVanadium
V CavoiteCaV34+O7
MnManganese
Mn ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Mn Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Mn Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Mn Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Mn FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Mn EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Mn TuperssuatsiaiteNa2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mn NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Mn KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
FeIron
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Fe Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Fe Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Fe FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe ChlorbartoniteK6Fe24S26(Cl,S)
Fe FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BíliniteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Fe Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Fe TuperssuatsiaiteNa2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Fe NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Fe NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Fe NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SrStrontium
Sr FluorlamprophylliteNa3(SrNa)Ti3(Si2O7)2O2F2
Sr Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Sr Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Sr Ancylite-(La)LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Sr StronadelphiteSr5(PO4)3F
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Sr Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Sr Polezhaevaite-(Ce)NaSrCeF6
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
YYttrium
Y Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Zr GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Zr CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Zr Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zr RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Zr Zircon (var: Orvillite)near 9ZrO2 · 6SiO2 · 5H2O
Zr GeorgechaoiteNaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Zr Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Zr FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Zr EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Zr WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
Zr HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Zr KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
NbNiobium
Nb Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Nb Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Nb FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3
Nb NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo IlsemanniteMo3O8 · nH2O
Mo MolybditeMoO3
Mo JordisiteMoS2
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
BaBarium
Ba Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ba BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
LaLanthanum
La Ancylite-(La)LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
La Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
CeCerium
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ce Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Ce Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Ce Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Ce Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ce Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
Ce Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Ce Polezhaevaite-(Ce)NaSrCeF6
NdNeodymium
Nd Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
TaTantalum
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
PbLead
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
ThThorium
Th CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Th Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Th ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U BranneriteUTi2O6
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
U CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
U Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
U UM1984-38-SiO:TiUU3Ti3SiO14

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Derby, O.E. (1887) On nepheline rocks in Brazil; with special reference to the association of phonolite and foyaite. Journal of the Geological Society, Quarterly (London), 43, 457-473.
Barbosa, O. (1934) Notas sôbre algumas rochas da região de Poços de Caldas. Annaes da Academia Brasileira de Ciêncas, 6(4), 211-219 (in Portugese).
Barbosa, O. (1936) O planalto de Poços de Caldas e suas possibilidades econômicas. Departamento Nacional da Produção Mineral, Divisão de Fomento da Produção Mineral, Av. 8, 19-29 [Rio de Janeiro] (in Portuguese).
Teixeira, E.A. (1943) Zircônio em Poços de Caldas, Brazil Departamento Nacional da Produção Mineral, Divisão de Fomento da Produção Mineral, Boletim No. 55, 63 pp. (in Portuguese).
Franco, R.R. (1945) Minerais de zircônio na região de Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais. [Zirconium minerals from region of Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais.] Universidade de Sao Paulo. Faculdade de Filosifia, Ciêncas e Letras, Boletim No. 49, Mineralogia, 7, 7-31 (in Portuguese).
Barbosa, O. (1948) Sôbre a idade das rochas alcalinas e a origem do planalto de Poços de Caldas. Mineração e Metalurgia, 13, 235-236 (in Portuguese).
Franco, R.R. and Loewenstein, W. (1948) Zirconium from the region of Poços de Caldas. American Mineralogist, 33, 142-151.
Loewenstein, W. (1952) Estudos sôbre as propriedades quimicas dos minerais de zirconio da regiãode Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais. [Study of the chemical properties of zirconium minerals of the region of Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais. Universidade de Sao Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciêncas e Letras, Boletim 147, Mineralogia, 9, 39-74. (in Portuguese); English abstract: Mineralogical Abstracts (1953) 53.
Guimarães, D., Campos, M., and Figueiredo, D.G. (1953) Algumas rochas alcalinas de Poços de Caldas relacionadas com as jazidas de caldasito uranifero. Publ. Instituto Pesquisas radioativas, Escola Engenharia Universidade de Minas Gerais, 1953, no. 2, 39 pp.
Tolbert, G.E. (1958) Geochemistry of trace element concentrations in the Pocos de Caldas plateau, Brazil. Sociedade Brasileira de Geologia, Boletim 7(2), 71-79.
Ellert, R. (1959) Contribuição à geologia do maciço alcalino de Poços de Caldas. [Contribution to the geology of the Poços de Caldas alkaline massif]. Universidade de Sao Paulo. Faculdade de Filosifia, Ciêncas e Letras, Boletim No. 23, Mineralogia, 5-63 (in Portuguese).
Frondel, C. and Marvin, U.B. (1959) Cerianite, CeO2, from Poços de Caldas, Brazil. American Mineralogist, 44, 882-884.
Wedow, H. (1961) Thorium and rare earths in the Poços de Caldas zirconium district, Brazil. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 424-D, 214-216.
Wedow, H. (1961) Laterization of allanite in the Morro do Ferro rare-earth and thorium deposit, Poços de Caldas Plateau, Brazil. Economic Geology, 56(7), 1315.
Ellert, R. (1966) The Poços de Caldas alkaline massif. from: Guidebook 1966 International Field Institute, 1-6.
Tolbert, G.E. (1966) The Uraniferous Zirconium Deposits of the Poços de Caldas Plateau, Brazil, U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1185-C, 28 pp. and maps.
Ellert, R. (1969) Nota sobre a ocorrencia de villiaumita do maciço de Poços de Caldas, M.G. [The occurrence of villiaumite in the Poços de Caldas massif, M.G.] Mineração e Metalurgia, 49(294), 234 (in Portuguese).
Baptista, A. (1976) Lamprofilita no lujaurito de Pedra Balão, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais. [Lamprophyllite in the lujavrite of Pedra Balão, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais.] Annaes da Academia Brasileira de Ciêncas, 48(3), 193-196 (in Portugese).
Ellert, R. (1976) The Poços de Caldas alkaline massif. from: Proceedings of the first International Symposium on Carbonatites, published by Ministr. Minas e Energia, Brasilia, 305-307.
Barbosa, R.A. (1979) Sintesa petrographica do planalto de Poços de Caldas. [Petrographic synthesis of the Poços de Caldas Plateau.] Mineração e Metalurgia, 39, 38 pp. (in Portuguese).
Baptista, A. (1980) Estudio radiocristografico da Eudialita de Pedra Balao, Poços de Caldas, Estado de Minas Gerais. [Radiocrystallographic study of eudialyte from Pedra Balao, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais.] Annaes da Academia Brasileira de Ciêncas, 52(2), 243-250 (in Portugese).
Fujimori, K. and Sardela, I.A. (1980) Estudio mineralogico do "caldasito" dos campos do Serrote, rigida e Tapuari no Planalto de Poços de Caldas. [Mineralogic study of caldasite in the Serrote, Brigida e Tapuari fields in the Poços de Caldas Plateau.] Anais XXXI Congresso Sociedade Brasileira de Geologia, 31(4), 2023-2037 (in Portuguese).
Ulbrich, M.N.C., Gomes, C.B., and Ulbrich, H. (1980) Zonalidade extrema nos piroxenios do nefelina sienito hibrido de Pocos de Caldas - MG. [Extreme zonality in proxenes of the hybrid nepheline syenite of Pocos de Caldas, Minas Gerais.] XXXI congresso brasileiro de geologia; Boletim no. 2, Resumos. XXXI Brazilian geological congress; Bulletin No. 2, Abstracts, 420 (in Portuguese).
Ulbrich, M.N.C. and Ulbrich, H.H.G.J. (1980) Os piroxeniosegirinicos de lujauritos e chibinitos do distribo alcalino de Poços de Caldas. [Aegirine pyroxenes in lujavrite and khibinite in the alkalic district of Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais.] XXXI Congress Sociedade Brasileira de Geologia, Boletim 1, 93-94 (in Portuguese).
Ulbrich, H.H.G.J. and Gomes, C.B. (1981) Alkaline Rocks from Continental Brazil. Earth Science Reviews, 17, 135-154.
Fujimori, K. (1982) Silicato do terras raras (Ce,La,Nd,Ca,Th)SiO4 e cheralita (Th,Ca,Ce,La)(PSiO4). Annaes XXXII Congress Sociedade Brasileira de Geologia, Boletim 2, 669-671 (in Portuguese).
Ulbrich, M.N.C. (1986) K-feldspars from Poços de Caldas nepheline syenites, southern Brazil: chemical, optical and XRD studies. Annaes da Academia Brasileira de Ciêncas, 58(1), 166.
Lapido Laureiro, F.E. de V. and Dos Santos, R.C. (1988) The intra-intrusive uranium deposits of Pocos de Caldas, Brazil. Ore Geology Reviews, 3, 227–240.
Soubiès, F., Melfi, A., Delvigne, J., and Sardela, I. (1991) Mobilidade do zirconio na bauxitizacao de rochas alcalinas de macico de Poços de Caldas, M.G. [Mobility of zirconium and bauxitification of alkaline rocks of Poços de Caldas, M.G.] Revista Brasileira Geociências, 21(1), 17-22 (in Portugese).
Waber, N. (1991) Mineralogy, petrography and geochemistry of the Poços de Caldas analogue study sites, Minas Gerais, Brasil; Morro de Ferro. Universität Bern, Mineralogisches - Petrographisches Institut, SKB Technical Report, No. 90-12, 110 pp.
Schorscher, H.D. and Shea, M.E. (1992) The regional geology of the Poços de Caldas alkaline complex: mineralogy and geochemistry of selected nepheline syenites and phonolites. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 25-51.
Shea, M.E. (1992) Isotopic geochemical characterization of selected nepheline syenites and phonolites from the Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 25-51.
Waber, N. (1992) The supergene thorium and rare-earth deposit at Morro do Ferro, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 113-157.
Waber, N., Schorscher, H.D., and Peters, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
Schumann, A. (1993) Changes in mineralogy and geochemistry of a nepheline syenite with increasing bauxitization. Chemical Geology, 107(3-4), 327-331.
Ulbrich, M.N.C. (1993) Mineralogy of nepheline syenites from the Poços de Caldas alkaline massif SE Brazil: chemistry, X-ray data and microtextures of feldspars Revista Brasileira de Geociencias, 23, 388-399.
Matioli, P.A., Atencio, D., and Coutinho, J.M.V. (1994) Barium-free burbankite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Abstracts with Program, 16th General meeting of the International Mineralogical Association, Pisa, Italy, 268.
Matioli, P.A., Atencio, D., and Tsugawa, J.K. (1998) Recent contributions to the mineralogy of Poços de Caldas alkaline massif, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Abstracts with Program, 17th General meeting of the International Mineralogical Association, Toronto, Canada, A111.
Atencio, D., Coutinho, J.M.C., Ulbrich, M.N.C., Vlach, S.R.F., Rastvetaeva, R.K., and Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
Ulbrich, H.H.G.J. and Ulbrich, M.N.C. (2000) The lujavrite and khibinite bodies in the Poços de Caldas alkaline massif, southeastern Brazil: a structural and petrographic study. Revista Brasileira de Geociencias, 30, 615-622.
Atencio, D., Coutinho, J.M.V., and Vlach, S.R.F. (2005) Tuperssuatsiaite from the Bortolan quarry, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 36, 275-280.
Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in Abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p. 226.

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