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Plancheite

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About PlancheiteHide

02089240015742060727026.jpg
François G. Planche
Formula:
Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Colour:
Blue, greenish blue
Lustre:
Silky
Hardness:
6
Specific Gravity:
3.65 - 3.8
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named by A. Lacroix in 1908 in honor of François Gilbert Planche (4 June 1866, Tarare, Rhône-et-Loire, France - 24 May 1924, Gap, Hautes-Alpes, France), was an industrialist and a politician. He built dams and power plants, and founded several rail companies. In Africa, he constructed the Brazzaville line in Mindouli. He was also director of the French Congo Mining Company which opened copper mines in the area. He supplied the first samples for study.
A rare secondary copper silicate.
May be confused with Shattuckite.


Classification of PlancheiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.DB.35

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
B : Inosilicates with 2-periodic single chains, Si2O6; Pyroxene-related minerals
66.2.1.1

66 : INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
2 : Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
14.2.3

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
2 : Silicates of Cu

Physical Properties of PlancheiteHide

Silky
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Blue, greenish blue
Hardness:
Density:
3.65 - 3.8 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.85 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PlancheiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.645 nβ = 1.660 nγ = 1.715
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.070
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
relatively strong
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X= pale blue
Y=Z= blue

Chemical Properties of PlancheiteHide

Formula:
Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
IMA Formula:
Cu8(Si4O11)2(OH)4 · H2O

Crystallography of PlancheiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 19.043(3) Å, b = 20.129(5) Å, c = 5.269(1) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.946 : 1 : 0.262
Unit Cell V:
2,019.69 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Fibrous

Type Occurrence of PlancheiteHide

Synonyms of PlancheiteHide

Other Language Names for PlancheiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
145 photos of Plancheite associated with DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
84 photos of Plancheite associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
58 photos of Plancheite associated with QuartzSiO2
32 photos of Plancheite associated with CalciteCaCO3
27 photos of Plancheite associated with CupriteCu2O
26 photos of Plancheite associated with ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
7 photos of Plancheite associated with BaryteBaSO4
7 photos of Plancheite associated with ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
7 photos of Plancheite associated with WillemiteZn2SiO4
7 photos of Plancheite associated with AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DB.05BalipholiteBaLiMg2Al3(Si2O6)2(OH)4Orth.
9.DB.05CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
9.DB.05Ferrocarpholite(Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
9.DB.05Magnesiocarpholite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
9.DB.05Potassiccarpholite(K,☐)(Li,Mn2+)2Al4(Si2O6)2(OH,F)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
9.DB.05VanadiocarpholiteMn2+V3+Al(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
9.DB.10LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
9.DB.15LintisiteLiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2OMon.
9.DB.15PunkaruaiviteLiTi2(HSi4O12)(OH)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DB.17EliseeviteLiNa1.5Ti2(H1.5Si4O12)O2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DB.20KukisvumiteNa6ZnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2OOrth.
9.DB.20ManganokukisvumiteNa6MnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn
9.DB.25VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DB.25ParavinogradoviteNa1-2(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O6)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)4 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.DB.30NchwaningiteMn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.DB.40ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.DB.40UM2005-31-SiO:CuHCu11(SiO4)(OH)18 · 9H2O ?
9.DB.45Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]Mon.
9.DB.50CapranicaiteKCaNaAl4B4Si2O18Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.2.1DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2OTrig. 3 : R3
14.2.2ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.2.4GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2OMon.
14.2.5ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2OOrth.
14.2.6LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10Tric.
14.2.7ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.2.8CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
14.2.9KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]Mon. 2/m : P21/m
14.2.10StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2OMon.
14.2.11ApachiteCu9Si10O29 · 11H2OMon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PlancheiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Lacroix, A. (1908) Sur une nouvelle espècie minérale, provenant du Congo francaise. Compte rendu Acad. Sci.: 146: 722-725.
Lacroix, A. (1908) Les minéraux accompagnant la dioptase de Mindouli (Congo français). Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie: 31: 247-259.
Zambonini, M.F. (1918) Minéralogie. - Sur l'identité de la shattuckite et de la planchéite. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences: 166: 495-497.
Schaller, W.T. (1919) Plancheite and shattuckite, copper silicates, are not the same mineral. Journal of the Washington Academy of Science: 9: 131-134.
Evans, H.T., Jr. & Mrose, M.E. (1966) Shattuckite and plancheite: a crystal chemical study. Science: 154: 506-507.
Fleischer, M. (1967) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 52: 559-564.
Le Bihan, M.T. (1967) Contribution à l'étude des silicates de cuivre. Différenciation de la shattuckite et de la planchéite. Structure atomique de la shattuckite. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 90: 3-7.
Dell'Anna, L. & Garavelli, C.L. (1967) Plancheite of Capo Calamita, Elba Island. Period. Mineral.: 36: 125-146 (in Italian).
Van Oosterwyck-Gastuche, M.C. (1968) Nomenclature of some Katangan copper silicates. Plancheite-shattuckite-bisbeeite-Katangite minerals. Ann. Soc. Géol. Belg.: 91: 401-422 (in French).
Burragato, F., Grubessi, O. (1973) Mineralogia. - Shattuckite e plancheite di Reneville (Congo). Accademia Nazionale del Lincei, Classe di Scienze Fische, Matematiche e Naturali, Rendiconti, Roma: 55: 726-735.
Kawamura, K., Kawahara, A., Henmi, K. (1976) Hydrothermal synthesis and x-ray study of copper silicate hydrate minerals. Kobutsugaku Zasshi: 12: 403-414 (in Japanese).
Evans, H.T. & Mrose, M.E. (1977) The crystal chemistry of the hydrous copper silicates, shattuckite and plancheite. American Mineralogist: 62: 491-502.
Sarma, K.B.N., Reddy, B.J., Lakshman, S.V.J. (1982) Absorption spectra of Cu2+ in shattuckite and plancheite. Physics Letters: 92A: 305-308.
Frost, R.L. & Xi, F. (2012) A vibrational spectroscopic study of planchéite Cu8Si8O22(OH)4•H2O. Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscop: A91: 314-318.
Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Pinch, W.W. (2014) Lavinskyite, K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4, isotypic with plancheite, a new mineral from the Wessels mine, Kalahari Manganese Fields, South Africa. American Mineralogist: 99: 525-530.
Stebbins, F.J. (2017) Toward the wider application of 29Si NMR spectroscopy to paramagnetic transition metal silicate minerals: copper (II) silicates. American Mineralogist: 102: 2406-2414.

Internet Links for PlancheiteHide

Localities for PlancheiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Western Antarctica
    • Antarctic Peninsula
      • Palmer Land
Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba Province
    • Colón Department
      • Dumesnil
Colombo, F., Lira, R., Ripley, E. M., & del Tanago, J. G. (2011). Geology, mineralogy and possible origin of the copper mineralization in marble near Saldan, Cordoba (Argentina). Journal of GEOsciences, 56(3), 299-316.
      • Unquillo
Minerals acquired from Nelson Valenzuela
Chile
 
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Las Pintadas district
          • Cerro Pintado
collected and analysed by french mineralogist Remy Phillippe
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Van King
Van King
Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
      • Shinkolobwe
Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Vochten, R., Janssens, J., Blaton, N. (2005) Reinvestigation of Dioptase-Planchéite Pseudomorphs after Calcite from the Tantara Copper Deposit Katanga, Republique du Congo. Mineralogical Record, 36(6), 521-524.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
    • Lubumbashi
Van King
  • Lualaba
    • Kambove District
Arliguie M photo
Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
    • Kolwezi mining district
      • Kamoto
No reference listed
      • Kolwezi
Rob Lavinsky specimen; Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
      • Mutoshi (Ruwe)
Deliens, M. L (1989) Agardite-(y) De Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Societe Geolique de Belgique 112:207-213
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Rhône
      • Villefranche
        • Chessy-les-Mines
[Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 1988, 4, p.6-46]
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Donnersbergkreis
      • Winnweiler
        • Imsbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Israel
 
  • Southern District (HaDarom District)
    • Eilat
Shlomovitch, N., Bar-Matthews, M., & Matthews, A. (1999). Sedimentary and epigenetic copper mineral assemblages in the Cambrian Timna Formation, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 48(140), 195-208.
Bartura, Y., & Würzburger, U. (1974). The Timna copper deposit. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. p277-285
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
Moldovan, C., Călugăr, M. I., Onac, B. P., de Waele, J., Naseddu, A., & Fornós, J. J. (2013) A CONTRIBUTION TO THE MINERALOGY OF MONTE GUISI CAVE (SW SARDINIA, ITALY) Cave Mineralogy – poster 2013 ICS Proceedings
        • Oridda
Stara P., Rizzo R. and Tanca G. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e minerali. E.M.Sa. Ed., pagg. 105-106.
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
        • Oridda Valley
Pelloux A. (1930): Plancheite di Arenas (Sardegna). p. 154. Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma and Mariani P., Scaini G.: "I minerali d'Italia" - Rizzoli, 1978 and A. Del Caldo, C. Del Moro, C.M. Gramaccioli, M. Boscardin M. "Guida ai Minerali" Fabbri ed. Milano, 1981 and De Michele V. (1975) – Guida Mineralogica d’Italia – Ist. Geogr. De Agostini, Novara
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Vignola-Falesina
Paolo Gasparetto, Erica Bittarello, Andrea Canal, Lara Casagrande, Marco E. Ciriotti, Bruno Fassina, Paolo Ferretti, Sergio Pegoraro, Fabio Tosato, Paolo Zammatteo (2014): I lavori minerari del Rio Ricet, Vignola, Falesina, Trento. Micro, 12, 50-123.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Capoliveri
          • Cape Calamita Mine (Calamita Mine)
L. Dell'Anna, C.L. Garavelli (1967) - Plancheite di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) - Per. Min., 36: 126-146.
Japan
 
  • Akita
Akira Kato (1973) Sakurai Koubutsu Hyohon, 63. (Sakurai collection); Ohnishi, M., & Shimobayashi, N. (2011). Tsumebite from the Kisamori mine, Akita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106(1), 51-56.
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Santa Cruz Municipality
      • Cuitaca
Moore, T. and M. Origlieri (2008) Famous Mineral Localities: The Milpillas Mine, Cananea District, Sonora, Mexico. Mineralogical Record 39:6 pp 25-34
Namibia
 
  • Hardap Region
    • Daweb
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 382 pp. (in English)
  • Kunene Region
Brandstetter, R. (2012): Dioptas aus Namibia: Sensationelle Neufunde aus der Christoph Mine im Kaokoland. Lapis. 37 (1):13-15
Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
    • Khorixas
      • Mesopotamia copper valley
Gerhard Niedermayr: Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit; Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
Palfi, A. (2005): Spessartin- und Dioptas-Mineralisationen im Kaokoland, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 16 (4), 49-61 (in German). ; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, (in English)
- Brandstätter, F.; Niedermayr, G.; Schnaitmann,E. A.; Walter F. (2011): Neue Fundstelle in Namibia: Die Van-der-Plas-Mine im Kaokoland. Mineralien Welt 22 (5), 66-75.
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein
[Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) 109-130.
Am Min (1959) 44:682-685
    • Otavi
      • Finsterbergen Farm 469
[Mineralogical Record 28:125]
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern. (in German)
Norway
 
  • Trøndelag
    • Oppdal
Witsø, T. (1995): Mineraler i Oppdal med beskrivelse. Driva Kro og Steinsenter. Unpublished paper. http://vinstradalen.no/pdf/Mineraler.pdf
Witsø, T. (1995): Mineraler i Oppdal med beskrivelse. Driva Kro og steinsenter. Unpublished paper. http://vinstradalen.no/pdf/Mineraler.pdf
Portugal
 
  • Évora
    • Montemor-o-Novo
      • Silveiras
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
 
  • Pool Department
    • Kindanba District
      • Renéville
        • Renéville Mine (Djoué Mines)
Demetrius Pohl, http://www.mindat.org/mesg-6-234115.html
    • Mindouli District
Rob Lavinsky photo
De Putter, T., & Nikis, N. (2016). The Mindouli (Republic of the Congo) mining district revisited (1).: geological context and preliminary results on the formation of complex, multiphase, Cu-Pb-Zn deposits. 5th International Geologica Belgica Meeting 2016, At Mons
American Mineralogist (1977), 62, pp. 491-502
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Vhembe District
      • Musina (Messina)
Minerals of South Africa
    • Waterberg District
      • Bela-Bela (Warmbaths; Warmbad)
Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 146 pg
  • Northern Cape
    • Namakwa
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
      • Zufre
Calvo, M. (2016). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VIII.Cuarzo y otros minerales de la sílice. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 399 págs.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cheshire
      • Alderley Edge
No reference listed
    • Cornwall
      • Treverbyn
        • Stenalees
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 48 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Caldbeck
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities examined 1947-.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1953 and Young, 1987).
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:69
      • Dragoon District (Golden Rule District)
Rolf Luetcke
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Copper Mountain Mining District (Clifton-Morenci Mining District)
        • Morenci
Rolf Luetcke
    • La Paz Co.
      • New Water Mts
        • New Water Mining District
          • Moore Mine group
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 330.
      • Salome
        • Martin Peak
          • Bonanza and Golden Eagle Mine group
Ron Gyllenhammer Collection
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Big Horn Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 330; Montoya, J. (1967), A new occurrence of planchéite in AZ, Rocks & Minerals: 277.
Eckhard D. Stuart
    • Pima Co.
      • Ajo Mining District
        • Little Ajo Mts
          • Ajo
Thomas, W.J. & R.B. Gibbs (1983), Famous mineral localities: The New Cornelia mine, Ajo, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 283-298; Gilluly, J. (1937), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 141: 68-75, 79-81.
      • Helvetia-Rosemont Mining District
        • Helvetia
          • Monument Mountain
Rolf Luetcke
    • Pinal Co.
      • Galiuro Mts
        • Table Mountain Mining District
          • Table Mountain area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 183, 330, 421; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 111.
      • Mammoth Mining District
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 330; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181.
      • San Manuel Mining District
        • San Manuel
          • San Manuel Mine (Apex Lead & Vanadium Mining Corp Mine; Quarelli group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 330; Thomas, L.A. (1966), Geology of the San Manuel ore body, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, Univ. AZ Press, Tucson: 133-142.
      • Tohono O'odham Indian Reservation
        • Silver Reef Mining District
          • Tat Momoli Mts
            • Chuichu area
              • Silver Reef Mountains area
                • White Horse Pass area
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne
            • Silver Reef Mountains
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 330.
      • Tortolita Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 137, 183, 330; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol.Soc.Digest: 3: 53-56.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Castle Creek Mining District
          • Copperopolis
Rolf Luetcke
Rolf Luetcke
            • Whipsaw Gulch (Whipsaw Creek)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 330.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 515.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 266, 290, 336.
  • Colorado
    • San Juan Co.
      • Elk Park
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
  • Michigan
    • Ontonagon Co.
      • Mass City
Rocks & Min.:58:112.
        • Mass Consolidated Mine
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Table Mountain Mining District
        • Cottonwood Canyon
          • Bolivia
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Luna Co.
      • Cookes Peak Mining District
        • Old Hadley Mining District
Walstrom 2006 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
      • Victorio District (Gage District)
Jerry Cone Collection
  • Utah
    • Beaver Co.
      • Beaver Lake Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Zambia
 
  • Copperbelt Province
    • Chingola
No reference listed
  • North-Western Province
    • Solwezi
personal visits and collecting in 1996 and 1997
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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