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Tsumeb Mine, Tsumeb, Oshikoto Region, Namibiai
Regional Level Types
Tsumeb MineMine (Inactive)
TsumebConstituency
Oshikoto RegionRegion
NamibiaCountry

This page kindly sponsored by Marcus J. Origlieri, Ph.D.
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
19° 13' 37'' South , 17° 43' 39'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Mine (Inactive) - last checked 2018
Deposit first discovered:
1893
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Tsumeb12,190 (2013)1.3km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Tsumcorp Mine
Other Languages:
German:
Tsumeb Mine, Tsumeb, Oshikoto, Namibia


A world-famous Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Ge-Cd mine, renowned for a wealth of rare and unusual minerals. On January 21, 1893, Matthew Rogers discovered the "green hill" and the site started operating in 1907 and closed in 1996 for economic reasons.
However, even before the "official" discovery, the deposit had been known for ages by local Bushmen and exploited by them in an artisanal way to recover copper.

The Tsumeb Mine is currently operated by Ongopolo, the previous name of 'Tsumcorp Mine' was superseded after the collapse of Tsumeb Corporation Ltd (TCL) after whom the mine was originally named.

Mineralisation is hosted in Neoproterozoic Otavi Dolomite. The ore body is a pipe. It is about 120 by 15 meters in cross-section, steeply dipping and extending from the surface to at least 1,000 meters in depth. Controls for ore emplacement include interrupted circular fracturing, core breccia, and an internal mass of pseudo-aplite (Tsumeb Pipe). Local rocks include mainly Late Proterozoic sedimentary terrane.

Workings include extensive underground openings to a depth of 1,000 meters.

The coordinates are those of the De Wet shaft on Main street.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


321 valid minerals. 72 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: [MinRec 8:Tsumeb 18]; Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 444 pp. (in English)
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Description: https://youtu.be/3qgo9po-bT8 A very interesting presentation on the Adamite-Zincolvinite-Olivenite series.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 866.; Mineralogical Record: 8: (Tsumeb): 18, 48, 68-69.; Mineralogical Record: 9: 44.; Mineralogical Record: 10: 113.; Mineralogical Record: 12: 45.; Mineralogical Record: 15: 112.; Mineralogical Record: 17: 209, 341.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
Adamite var. Cobalt-bearing Adamite
Description: Analysis shows less than 0.1% Cobalt, consequently cannot be regarded as 'cobaltoan'
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany pg.157
Adamite var. Copper-bearing Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Description: "Cuprian adamite" is primarily Zincolivenite or close to end-member Adamite.
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62:440.
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Alamosite
Formula: PbSiO3
Habit: divergent sprays
Colour: clear / white
Reference: Medenbach, O., & Schmetzer, K. (1975). Alamosit (PbSiO3) von Tsumeb–ein neuer Fundpunkte= Alamosite from Tsumeb–a new occurrence of PbSiO3. Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie Abhandlungen, 123(2), 138-147.; Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Andyrobertsite (TL)
Formula: KCdCu5(AsO4)4(H2AsO4) · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: na
Colour: Blue
Reference: Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Pinch, W.W., and Grice, J.D. (1999) Andyrobertsite and calcioandyrobertsite, two new minerals from the Tsumeb Mine, Tsumeb, Namibia. Mineralogical Record: 30: 181-186. Cooper, M.A. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2000) Highly undersaturated anions in the crystal structure of andyrobertsite - calcio-andyrobertsite, a doubly acid arsenate of the form K(Cd,Ca)[Cu2+5(AsO4)4{As(OH)2O2}](H2O)2. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 817-830.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Description: Some large crystals, over 20cm on edge.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 268, 663. Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 32.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany; Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: No reference listed
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 190.
Aragonite var. Lead-bearing Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Pb)CO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 190.
Aragonite var. Tarnowitzite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Georg Gebhardt
Aragonite var. Zinc-bearing Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Zn)CO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 190.
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Reference: Bowell, R.J & Mocke, H. 2018. Minerals new to Tsumeb. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 20-46
Arsenbrackebuschite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Abraham, K., Kautz, K., Tillmanns, E., Walenta, K. (1978) Arsenbrackebuschite, Pb2(Fe,Zn)(OH,H2O)[AsO4]2, a new arsenate mineral. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1978: 193-196.; Fortschr. Mineral.(1976) 54, Beiheft 1, p.38; Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany: 37 pg (in English).
Arsendescloizite (TL)
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Keller, P., Dunn, P.J. (1982) Arsendescloizite a new mineral from Tsumeb. The Mineralogical Record: 13(3): 155-157.; Keller, P. Bartelke, W. (1982) Tsumeb [Namibia]! New Minerals and Their Associations. The Mineralogical Record: 13(3): 137-147 (140, 137, 138).
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Habit: radial and granular aggregates
Colour: golden-yellow to dark brown
Description: Found on specimens from the second oxidation zone, section 49E on the 30th level, in association with carminite, beudantite, anglesite, mimetite, pharmacosiderite and beaverite
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (ed.) (1977) Tsumeb! The world's greatest mineral locality, Mineralogical Record, 8(3), 130 pp [Special Issue]; Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 37 pg (in English)
Arsenocrandallite
Formula: CaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Bowell, R.J & Mocke, H. 2018. Minerals new to Tsumeb. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 20-46
Arsenogoyazite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Habit: rhombohedral
Colour: milky-white
Description: on a single specimen small crystals with quartz and hematite
Reference: Keller, P. & Innes, J. (1986) "Neue Minerale von Tsumeb." Lapis, 11 (9), 28-32; Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 37 pg
Arsenohopeite (TL)
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Neuhold, F., Kolitsch, U., Bernhardt, H.-J., and Lengauer, C.L. (2011) CNMNC Newsletter 8, 291; F. Neuhold, U. Kolitsch, H.-J. Bernhardt, C. L. Lengauer (2012) Arsenohopeite, a new zinc arsenate mineral from the Tsumeb mine, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 603-612; Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 37 pg (in English)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: EDS + general appearance, Franz Neuhold, Vienna
Arsentsumebite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Aufschluss 10 (1975), 369
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 638 pg (in English)
Ashoverite
Formula: Zn(OH)2
Reference: Walter Kahn specimen analyzed by SEM EDS and XRD.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 29
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 250.
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Habit: elongated crystals
Colour: bright blue
Description: Some crystals altered to malachite
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 205, 268, 919.
Baileychlore
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Blaß, G., Kruijen, F. & Seyb, R. (2009): Neues von der Tsumeb Mine. Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 60-65 (in German).
Bartelkeite (TL)
Formula: Pb(Fe2+Ge)[Ge2O7](OH)2 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Chemie der Erde,(1981) 40, 201-206
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Habit: Tabular
Colour: chocolate-brown
Description: Occasionally produced chocolate-brown tabular crystals up to 10cm long.
Reference: Bartelke - Fahle: Tsumeb - List of Minerals (Munich, 1977); Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany. Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 47.
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 663, 861.
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
β-Roselite
Formula: Ca2Co(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Reference: [MinRec 8:Tsumeb 20]
Betpakdalite-CaCa
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Reference: Schmetzer, K. et al., Neues Jahrbuch Min., Monarshefte 1984, 393-403
Betpakdalite-CaMg (TL)
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)17Mg(H2O)6][Mo8As2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R. and Mills, S.J. (2011): Betpakdalite-CaMg, IMA 2011-034. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, page 2556
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Biehlite (TL)
Formula: ((Sb,As)O)2[MoO4]
Type Locality:
Reference: Schlüter, J., Klaska, K.-H., Adiwidjaja, G., Friese, K., and Gebhard, G. (2000) Biehlite, (Sb,As)2MoO6, a new mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 234-240.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: analysed - EDS & general appearance; Franz Neuhold, Vienna
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Reference: [mineralmining.com - pers comm.]
Briartite
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Reference: Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp; Mozgova, N. N.; Nenasheva, S. N.; Borodaev, Yu. S.; Tsepin, A. I.; Kalinina, T. A. (1994): New data on briartite. Doklady Akademii Nauk 335(6), 780-783.
Brindleyite
Formula: (Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Analyzed by Joy Desor.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 543; Mineralogical Record. Tsumeb: 8: 20, 84.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Belendorff, K. (2006): Neu von Tsumeb/Namibia: Parkinsonit und Brucit. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 50-51.
Brunogeierite (TL)
Formula: Ge4+Fe2+2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: NJMM (1972), 263
Calcioandyrobertsite (TL)
Formula: KCaCu5(AsO4)4(H2AsO4) · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Pinch, W.W., and Grice, J.D. (1999) Andyrobertsite and calcioandyrobertsite, two new minerals from the Tsumeb Mine, Tsumeb, Namibia. Mineralogical Record: 30: 181-186. Cooper, M.A. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2000) Highly undersaturated anions in the crystal structure of andyrobertsite - calcio-andyrobertsite, a doubly acid arsenate of the form K(Cd,Ca)[Cu2+5(AsO4)4{As(OH)2O2}](H2O)2. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 817-830.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.; Mineralogical Record, 8 (3), 130 pp.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 631.
Calvertite (TL)
Formula: Cu5Ge0.5S4
Type Locality:
Reference: Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C., Groat, L.A., Stanley, C.J., Criddle, A.J., Feinglos, M.N. (2007): Calvertite, Cu5Ge0.5S4, a new mineral species from Tsumeb, Namibia. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 1519-1523
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
'Carnevallite'
Formula: Cu3GaS4
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 43 (1980), 1055; American Mineralogist 55 (1970), 1811
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: [MinRec 8:Tsumeb 21]
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: analysed - EDS & general appearance; Franz Neuhold, Vienna
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Description: Crystals are colourless to white, often transparent, known to be over 30cm diameter and several kilos weight. Rare varities are coloured red or blue by the presence of copper minerals.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 205, 919. Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 68.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999) Mineralium Deposita: 34: 273-283.; Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000) Mineralium Deposita: 35: 364-376.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
Chalcophanite
Formula: ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: [MinRec 8:Tsumeb 22]
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: [MinRec 8:Tsumeb 22]
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.; Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 841; Krahn, L. (2010): Neu: Philipsburgit aus der Tsumeb-Mine, Namibia. Lapis 35 (1), 42-43; 62.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Desor, J (SEM-EDS 04/2020)
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Chudobaite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1960) 1-7
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Reference: Mineralien-Welt 19 (1), p. 22 (2008); Blaß, G., Kruijen, F. & Seyb, R. (2009): Neues von der Tsumeb Mine. Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 60-65 (in German); Krahn, L. (2010): Neu: Philipsburgit aus der Tsumeb-Mine, Namibia. Lapis 35 (1), 42-43; 62; Zindel, J. (2010): Erstnachweis von Klinoklas für Tsumeb. Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 36-41.
Cobalttsumcorite
Formula: PbCo2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Bowell, R.J & Mocke, H. 2018. Minerals new to Tsumeb. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 20-46
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 655-669 (2005)
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999) Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1991). Tsumeb: eine deutsch-afrikanische Geschichte. Verlag Christel Gebhard-Giesen, Reichshof, Germany, 239 pp. (in German)
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Habit: Crystalline crusts
Colour: Green
Description: Found covering quartz with malachite and bayldonite.
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999) Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany. 284 (in English); Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 510 pp (in English).
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: Raman and EDS confirmed by Joy Desor.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 81:296-300
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Cuprite var. Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Cupropearceite
Formula: [Cu6As2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Bindi et al. (2015) How much copper can the pearceite structure sustain? The case of cupropearceite from Tsumeb, Namibia. Periodico di Mineralogia 84: 341-350.
Cupropolybasite
Formula: [Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Bindi et al. (2015) How much copper can the pearceite structure sustain? The case of cupropearceite from Tsumeb, Namibia. Periodico di Mineralogia 84: 341-350.
Davidlloydite (TL)
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2·4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Cooper, M.A., Ball, N., Abdu, Y., Back, M., Tait, K. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2011): Davidlloydite, IMA 2011-053. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, page 2561.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Colour: Reddish brown to dark brown
Description: Very small mm crystals, also masses, dendritic aggregates to 1cm size and stalactites. Many specimens labelled from Tsumeb are more likely from other prolific localities; Abenab, Berg Aukas, Grootfontein, Guchab, Olifantsfontein and Uitsab, all within 100km of Tsumeb (Refs: MR-Tsumeb!).
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 814; Wilson, W. E. (ed.) (1977) Tsumeb! The world's greatest mineral locality, Mineralogical Record, 8 (3), 130 pp. [Special Issue]
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: [MinRec 19:117, 19:337, 8:Tsumeb 23/49/71, 7:133]
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: [MinRec 8:Tsumeb 23,83]
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.
Dolomite var. Cobalt-bearing Dolomite
Formula: (Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Dolomite var. Zinc-bearing Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Duftite (TL)
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 811; Canadian Mineralogist (1980): 18: 191.
'Duftite-alpha'
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Habit: Distorted crystals with irregular faces. Crystals to 3mm.
Colour: Olive to gray-green and dark green
Description: Darker and more rare than duftite-beta
Reference: Hey p187; Mineralogical Record, 8 (3), 130 pp.
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Joy Desor specimen. Analyzed by EDS. Photo ID 737103
Dzhalindite
Formula: In(OH)3
Reference: Kiseleva, G. D., Kovalenker, V. A., Trubkin, N. V., Borisovsky, S. E., & Mokhov, A. V. (2008) RARE MINERALS OF In, Cd, Mo, AND W IN GOLD-BASE METAL VEINS OF THE BUGDAYA Au-Mo (W)-PORPHYRY DEPOSIT, EASTERN TRANSBAIKALIA RUSSIA. New Data on Minerals 43:13-22; EDS and Raman analyzed by Joy Desor.
Edwardsite
Formula: Cu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O
Reference: Joy Desor specimen
Ekatite (TL)
Formula: (Fe3+,Fe2+,Zn)12(AsO3)6(AsO3,HSiO4)2(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: [European Journal of Mineralogy 13 (2001), 769; MinRec 33:162]
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany,
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Erikapohlite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(Zn,Cu,Mg)4Ca2(AsO4)6·2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T. and Gebhard, G. (2011) Erikapohlite, IMA 2010-090. CNMNC Newsletter No. 9, August 2011, page 2538; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2535-2540; Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., Mihailova, B., Gebhard, G. (2013): The new mineral erikapohlite, Cu3(Zn,Cu,Mg)4Ca2(AsO4)6 2H2O, the Ca-dominant analogue of keyite, from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 190, 319-325.
Euchroite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Bowell, R.J & Mocke, H. 2018. Minerals new to Tsumeb. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 20-46
Eugenite
Formula: Ag11Hg2
Reference: RRUFF database. XRD confirmed.
Eyselite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+Ge4+3O7(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 1771-1776.
Fahleite (TL)
Formula: CaZn5Fe3+2(AsO4)6 · 14H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1988) 167-171
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp
Feinglosite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Zn(AsO4)2 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Clark, A. M., Criddle, A. J., Roberts, A. C., Bonardi, M. & Moffatt, E. A. (1997): Feinglosite, a new mineral related to brackebuschite, from Tsumeb, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine 61, 285-289.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: analysed - EDS & general appearance; Franz Neuhold, Vienna; Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Ferrilotharmeyerite (TL)
Formula: CaZnFe3+(AsO4)2(OH) · H2O
Type Locality:
Description: 32 level, W40 stope.
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1992) 30, 225-227
Fleischerite (TL)
Formula: Pb3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Level 6-8.
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1960) 132-142
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Description: In 1996 found as tiny 2mm crystals from the third oxidation zone, colourless and associated with calcite (Gebhard 1999).
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (ed.) (1977): Tsumeb! The world's greatest mineral locality, Mineralogical Record, 8 (3), 24 pp;Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany, 284 p
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Description: Fornacite - With plancheite and dioptase
Reference: Min. Record (in press)
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Freedite
Formula: Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Reference: Bowell, R.J & Mocke, H. 2018. Minerals new to Tsumeb. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 20-46
Furutobeite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6PbS4
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Gaitite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: STURMAN, B.D. & DUNN, P.J. (1980): Gaitite, H2Ca2Zn(AsO4)2(OH)2, a new mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. Canadian Mineralogist 18, 197-200. KELLER, P., HESS, H. & RIFFEL, H. (1981) Die Krystallstruktur von zwei neuen Calcium-Zink-Arsenat-mineralien von Tsumeb/Namibia. Zeitschrift für Krystallographie und Mineralogie 156, 70-71 (in German).
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.; Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.
Gallite (TL)
Formula: CuGaS2
Type Locality:
Description: Tsumeb and Kipushi are co-type localities for gallite.
Reference: Strunz, H., Geier, B.H., and Seeliger, E. (1958) Gallite, CuGaS2, das erste selbständige Galliummineral, und seine Verbreitung in den Erzen der Tsumeb- und Kipushi-Mine. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie (1958), Monatshefte: 241-264.
Gallobeudantite (TL)
Formula: PbGa3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1996) 34, 1305-1315
Galloplumbogummite (TL)
Formula: Pb(Ga,Al,Ge)3(PO4)2(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Schlüter, J. and Malcherek, T. (2011): Galloplumbogummite, IMA 2010-088. CNMNC Newsletter No. 9, August 2011, page 2537; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2535-2540: Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., Mihailova, B. (2014): Galloplumbogummite from Tsumeb, Namibia, a new member of the alunite group with tetravalent charge balance. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 191, 301-309.
Gartrellite
Formula: PbCuFe3+(AsO4)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Gebhardite (TL)
Formula: Pb8(As2O5)2OCl6
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1983) 445-450
Geminite
Formula: Cu(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: Hawthorne et al. (2011) Davidlloydite, ideally Zn3(AsO4)2(H2O)4, a new arsenate mineral from the Tsumeb mine, Otjikoto (Oshikoto) region, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine 76(1): 45–57.
Gerdtremmelite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(AsO4)(OH)5
Type Locality:
Description: From the 44 level.
Reference: [Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1985) 1-6; MinRec 31:204]
Germanite (TL)
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Type Locality:
Reference: Metall und Erz, Halle,(1922) 19, 324-325; Rocks & Min.: 62:440.
Germanocolusite
Formula: Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
Description: Identified as germanite-3, yellow germanite, vanadium or vanadiun-arsenic germanite, vagearsite
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Gold
Formula: Au
Description: Produced as a by-product - http://www.mme.gov.na/gsn/pdf/gold.pdf
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Gordaite
Formula: NaZn4(SO4)(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Description: Mark Feinglos specimen with germanite matrix
Reference: Hexiong Yang
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Gratonite
Formula: Pb9As4S15
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Gunningite
Formula: ZnSO4 · H2O
Reference: Desor, J. (04/2020) EDS & XRD confirmed
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Helmutwinklerite (TL)
Formula: PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1980) 118-124
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Hermannroseite (TL)
Formula: CaCu(PO4)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Schlüter, J., Pohl, D., Gebhard, G. (2011): The new mineral hermannroseite, CaCu(PO4,AsO4)(OH), the phosphate analogue of conichalcite, from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 188, 135-140
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Keller, P. (1977): Hydrocerussit von Tsumeb/Südwestafrika. Der Aufschluss, 28, 413-415.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: New Mineral Names. Mineral News, 28, #1 (January 2012), 13.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 251.
Ianbruceite (TL)
Formula: [Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Cooper, M.A., Abdu, Y., Ball, N., Back, M., Hawthorne, F.C. and Tait, K. (2011): Ianbruceite, IMA 2011-049. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, page 2560; Cooper, M.A., Abdu, Y.A., Ball, N.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Back, M.E., Tait, K.T., Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., Pohl, D., Gebhard, G. (2012): Ianbruceite, ideally (H2O)2, a new arsenate mineral from the Tsumeb mine, Otjikoto (Oshikoto) region, Namibia: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1119-1131.
Idaite ?
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Itoite (TL)
Formula: Pb3Ge4+(SO4)2O2(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1960) 132-142
Jamesite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe3+4(AsO4)4(OH)10
Type Locality:
Reference: Chemie der Erde,(1981) 40, 105-109; Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Habit: fine needles with tennantite and iron stained carbonate
Colour: metallic gray black
Fluorescence: none
Description: Known as a single specimen, ex RWMW collection, now on display at the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto.
Reference: ex RWMW collection, Now displayed at ROM
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Jeanbandyite
Formula: Fe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 >= x > 0.5)
Reference: EDS and Raman analyzed by Joy Desor.
Johillerite (TL)
Formula: Na(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Tschermak's Min.Petr.Mitt.(1982) 29, 169-175
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Karibibite
Formula: Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Description: Occurs as pale yellow intertwined fibres on a sample containing leiteite and schneiderhöhnite.
Reference: Mineralogical Museum Universität Hamburg collection (SEM-EDS- and PXRD-analysed) (Jochen Schlüter pers. commm. to Uwe Kolitsch Sept. 2017)
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Kegelite (TL)
Formula: Pb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
Type Locality:
Reference: Medenbach, O., Schmetzer, K. (1975) Kegelite - ein neues Bleisilikat von Tsumeb. Naturwissenschaften: 62: 137.; Dunn, P.J., Braithwaite, R.S.W., Roberts, A.C., and Ramik, R.A. (1990) Kegelite from Tsumeb, Namibia: A redefinition. American Mineralogist: 75: 702-704.
Keyite (TL)
Formula: Cu2+3Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Min.Rec.(1977) 62, 59 and 87-90; Rocks & Min.: 62:440.
Kintoreite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Bowell, R.J & Mocke, H. 2018. Minerals new to Tsumeb. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 20-46
'Kintoreite-Segnitite Series'
Reference: Blaß, G., Kruijen, F. & Seyb, R. (2009): Neues von der Tsumeb Mine. Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 60-65 (in German).
Koritnigite (TL)
Formula: Zn(HAsO4) · H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Level 31, pillar E9.
Reference: Tschermaks Min.Petr.Mitt.(1979) 26, 51-58
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Krieselite (TL)
Formula: (Al,Ga)2(GeO4)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 187, 33-40
Ktenasite
Formula: ZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: Desor, J. (04/2020) SEM-EDS & Raman spectroscopy
Lammerite
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Larsenite
Formula: PbZnSiO4
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Lauraniite
Formula: Cu6Cd2(SO4)2(OH)12 · 5H2O
Reference: Desor, J. (04/2020) SEM-EDS & Raman spectroscopy
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Lavendulan var. Zinclavendulan (FRL)
Formula: NaCa(Cu,Zn)5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Strunz, H. (1959): Tsumeb, seine Erze und Sekundärminerale, insbesondere der neu aufgeschlossenen zweiten Oxydations-Zone. Fortschr. Mineral., 37, 87-90.
Lazaridisite
Formula: 3CdSO4·8H2O
Reference: Analyzed by Joy Desor.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.
Legrandite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Leightonite
Formula: K2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Leiteite (TL)
Formula: Zn(As2O4)
Type Locality:
Reference: Min.Rec.(1977) 8, 95-97
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: EDS and Raman analyzed by Joy Desor.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 555.
Lindackerite
Formula: CuCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Reference: Bowell, R.J & Mocke, H. 2018. Minerals new to Tsumeb. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 20-46
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany,
Ludlockite (TL)
Formula: PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Type Locality:
Habit: Fibrous
Colour: Reddish
Description: May be confused with karibibite.
Reference: Davis, R.J., Embrey, P.G., Hey, M.H. (1970) Ludlockite: A new arsenate mineral. Mineralogical Society of Japan Special Paper 1: 264-264.; Embrey, P.G., Hey, M.H., Davis, R.J. (1977) Ludlockite: a new mineral from Tsumeb. The Mineralogical Record: 8: 91-94.; Nickel & Nichols (1991) Mineral Reference Manual. 123.; Rocks & Minerals: 62: 440.
Lukrahnite (TL)
Formula: CaCuFe3+(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Krause, W., Blass, G., Bernhardt, H.-J., and Effenberger, H. (2001) Lukrahnite, CaCuFe3+(AsO4)2[(H2O)(OH)], the calcium analogue of gartrellite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 481-492.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Macphersonite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999) Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany. 284 (in English).
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Maikainite
Formula: Cu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
Reference: E.M. Spiridonov (2003) Maikainite Cu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: Frequently as pseudomorphous replacement or partial replacement of azurite crystals, but "primary" malachite is also known.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 205, 251, 254.; Mineralogical Record, 8 (3), 130 pp.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: New Mineral Names. Mineral News, 28, #1 (January 2012), 13.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany; Bowell, R.J & Mocke, H. 2018. Minerals new to Tsumeb. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 20-46
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Mathewrogersite (TL)
Formula: Pb7FeAl3GeSi12O36(OH,H2O)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1986) 203-208 ; Keller, P. & Innes, J. (1986): "Neue Minerale von Tsumeb." Lapis, 11 (9), 28-32.
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Reference: Bowell, R.J & Mocke, H. 2018. Minerals new to Tsumeb. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 20-46
Mawbyite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: XRD and EDS confirmed by Terry Seward.
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Description: small inclusions in bornite and tennantite.
Reference: Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp
Melanotekite
Formula: Pb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Mendipite
Formula: Pb3Cl2O2
Reference: Bowell, R.J & Mocke, H. 2018. Minerals new to Tsumeb. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 20-46
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Keller, P. & Innes, J. (1986): "Neue Minerale von Tsumeb." Lapis, 11 (9), 28-32.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Habit: usually prismatic
Colour: mainly colorless to yellowish or brownish
Description: world class samples (extraordinary crystals, according to the "handbook of mineralogy")
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 268, 893.; Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.; Rocks & Minerals (xxxx) 60, 295.
'Mineral GS1 (of Gebhard)'
Formula: Zn, Fe, As, O, H
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany, 328 p. (p. 292)
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Minrecordite (TL)
Formula: CaZn(CO3)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Min.Rec.(1982) 13, 131-136
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Molybdofornacite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Medenbach, O., Abraham, K., Gebert, W. (1983) Molybdofornacit, ein neues Blei-Kupfer-Arsenat-Molybdat-Hydroxid von Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1983: 289-295.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 268, 814.
Munakataite
Formula: Pb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Flynn S, Barton I F, Feinglos M (2016) Munakataite and other selenium minerals from Tsumeb, Nambia, Rocks and Minerals, 91, 548-551
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Nadorite
Formula: PbSbClO2
Habit: Eight sided or square tabular crystals
Colour: Beige
Description: Associated with a beudantite-group mineral and chalcoite.
Reference: Keller, P. & Innes, J. (1986) "Neue Minerale von Tsumeb." Lapis, 11 (9), 28-32, von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S. (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, (in English).
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Colour: sea green
Description: Tiny crystals in cavities in galena.
Reference: von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S. (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, (in English).
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: Desor, J (SEM-EDS 04/2020)
Niedermayrite
Formula: CdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: EDS and Raman analyzed by Joy Desor.
O'Danielite (TL)
Formula: Na(Zn,Mg)3H2(AsO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: [Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1981) 155-160; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Ojuelaite
Formula: ZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Description: https://youtu.be/3qgo9po-bT8 A very interesting presentation on the Adamite-Zincolvinite-Olivenite series.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 268, 841, 861.
Olivenite var. Zinc-bearing Olivenite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Orthoserpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: In the collection of Shields Flynn. Analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Otavite (TL)
Formula: CdCO3
Type Locality:
Reference: National Bureau of Standards, Circular 539/7 (1957), 11
Otjisumeite (TL)
Formula: PbGe4O9
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1981) 49-55
Ovamboite (TL)
Formula: Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32
Type Locality:
Reference: E.M. Spiridonov (2003) Maikainite Cu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
Oxyplumboroméite
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 661 pp (in English)
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Paradamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Parkinsonite
Formula: Pb7MoO9Cl2
Reference: Bowell, R.J & Mocke, H. 2018. Minerals new to Tsumeb. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 20-46
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Patrónite ?
Formula: VS4
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Perroudite
Formula: Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
Reference: • Keller, P., Lissner, F., Thomas Schleid, Th. (2005): Single-crystal structure determination of perroudite, Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2, from Tsumeb (Namibia), and its structural relationships to other sulfide halides of mercury and cinnabar. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 181, 1-9.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Philipsbornite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: [MinRec 13:143, 18:367]
Philipsburgite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Krahn, L. (2010): Neu: Philipsburgit aus der Tsumeb-Mine, Namibia. Lapis 35 (1), 42-43; 62.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 258; Mineralogical Record: 8: 29, 85; Mineralogical Record: 24: 235.
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Mills, S. J., Kampf, A. R., Raudsepp, M. & Christy, A. G. (2009) The crystal structure of Ga-rich plumbogummite from Tsumeb, Namibia, Mineralogical Magazine, 73(5), 837–845.
Plumbogummite var. Ga-rich plumbogummite
Formula: Pb(Al,Ga)3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Mills, S. J., Kampf, A. R., Raudsepp, M. & Christy, A. G. (2009) The crystal structure of Ga-rich plumbogummite from Tsumeb, Namibia, Mineralogical Magazine, 73(5), 837–845.
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany; Analyzed by Joy Desor.
Plumboselite (TL)
Formula: Pb3O2(SeO3)
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., & Pinch, W. W. (2011): Plumboselite, Pb3O2(SeO3), a new oxidation zone mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 101, 75–80.
Plumbotsumite (TL)
Formula: Pb13(CO3)6(Si10O27) · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Chemie der Erde (1982) 41, 1
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Reference: Keller, P. & Innes, J. (1986): "Neue Minerale von Tsumeb." Lapis, 11 (9), 28-32.
Prosperite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Zn4(AsO4)4 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: GAIT, R.I., STURMAN, B.D. & DUNN, P.J. (1979): Prosperite, HcaZn2(AsO4)2(OH), a new mineral from Tsumeb, South West Africa (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist 17, 87-92. Abstract: American Mineralogist (1980): 65: 208. KELLER, P., RIFFEL, H. & HESS, H. (1982): Die Kristallstruktur von Prosperit, Ca2Zn4[H2O/(AsO4)4]. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 158, 33-42 (in German).
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: New Mineral Names. Mineral News, 28, #1 (January 2012), 13.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 8 (3), 130 pp.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Habit: Crystals to 1cm, massive
Colour: Milky, gray
Description: In veins and country rock.
Reference: Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000) Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.; Mineralogical Record: 8(3): 130 pp.
Quartz var. Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany; Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 661 pp (in English)
Quartz var. Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Queitite (TL)
Formula: Pb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Type Locality:
Reference: [Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1979) 203-209; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p174]
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Description: Found as inclusions.
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (ed.) (1977) Tsumeb! The world's greatest mineral locality, Mineralogical Record, 8(3): 30; Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany;
Reinerite (TL)
Formula: Zn3(AsO3)2
Type Locality:
Description: 23.4
Reference: B. H. Geier and K. Weber. Reinerit, Zn3(AsO3)2, ein neues Mineral der Tsumeb Mine, Sudwestafrika. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh.1958, No. 7-8, 160-167
Renierite
Formula: (Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Reference: http://rruff.info/renierite/display=default/
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Description: Analysis here https://www.mindat.org/photo-892883.html on Jordi Fabre's specimen photo https://www.mindat.org/photo-313243.html proves rhodochrosite and not to be confused with smithsonite.
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 251.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of rosasite in Britain. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 501-502 (referring to rosasite from "Tsumeb in South-West Africa").
Roxbyite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Blaß, G., Kruijen, F. & Seyb, R. (2009): Neues von der Tsumeb Mine. Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 60-65 (in German).
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany; http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/~mineralogische-sammlungen-dmg/analysen/rutil_tsumeb.htm
Schaurteite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Strunz, H. & Tennyson, C. (1967): Schaurteit, ein neues Germaniun-Mineral von Tsumeb/SW-Afrika und seine Paragenese. In: Festschrift Dr. Werner Schaurte. Bauer & Schaurte, Eds., Neuss/Rhein (Germany), 33-47.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Tsumeb (1999) Georg Gebhard pg.289
Schneiderhöhnite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+3As3+5O13
Type Locality:
Reference: Hey's Mineral Index (1993); Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Reference: Desor, J. (04/2020) SEM-EDS & Raman spectroscopy
Schultenite (TL)
Formula: Pb(HAsO4)
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1926): 21: 149-155; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 663; Rocks & Minerals: 62: 440.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 21:102.
Scotlandite
Formula: PbSO3
Habit: Prismatic
Colour: Yellow
Description: Found on a specimen of hydrocerussite from the Lead Pocket, 1991, 43 level.
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999) Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany. 271 (in English); Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 772 (in English).
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany; Blaß, G., Kruijen, F. & Seyb, R. (2009): Neues von der Tsumeb Mine. Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 60-65 (in German).
Seligmannite
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Sewardite (TL)
Formula: CaFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Can Min 40 (2002), 1191
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Siderite var. Zinc-bearing Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Zn)CO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62:440.
Sidpietersite (TL)
Formula: Pb2+4(S2O3)O2(OH)2
Type Locality:
Description:
Reference: Roberts, A.C., Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Criddle, A.J., Stanley, C.J., Key, C.L. and Jambor, J.L. (1999) Sidpietersite, Pb2+4(S6+O3S2-)O2(OH)2, a new thiosulfate-bearing mineral species from Tsumeb, Namibia. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1269-1273; Cooper, M.A. and Hawthorne, F.C. (1999) The structure topology of sidpietersite, Pb2+4(S6+O3S2-)O2(OH)2, a novel thiosulfate structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1275-1282; Am. Mineral. 85, 1323 (abs.)
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Silver var. Native Amalgam
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Reference: Gerog Gebhard, Silberamalgam aus Tsumeb, LAPIS 3.1994, p 23 ff
Skorpionite
Formula: Ca3Zn2(PO4)2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Colour: white
Description: Found as white needles to 0.5mm on colourless smithsonite associated with willemite on sphalerite-galena-dolomite-tennantite matrix level 33, stope W80.
Reference: Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 661 pp (in English) ; Bowell, R.J & Mocke, H. 2018. Minerals new to Tsumeb. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 20-46
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 205, 251, 919.; Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.; Gebhard, G. (1999) Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany.
Söhngeite (TL)
Formula: Ga(OH)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Naturwissenschaften (1965): 52: 493; American Mineralogist (1966): 51: 1815.
Spertiniite
Formula: Cu(OH)2
Reference: Keller, P. & Innes, J. (1986): "Neue Minerale von Tsumeb." Lapis, 11 (9), 28-32.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.; Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Stibioclaudetite (TL)
Formula: AsSbO3
Type Locality:
Reference: Origlieri, M.J., Downs, R.T., Pinch, W.W., Zito, G.L. (2009): Stibioclaudetite AsSbO3 A new mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. The Mineralogical Record, 40, 209-213
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1991). Tsumeb: eine deutsch-afrikanische Geschichte. Verlag Christel Gebhard-Giesen, Reichshof, Germany, 239 pp.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Colour: light yellow
Reference: Foord, E.E. & Conklin, N.M. (1982): Stolzite from Tsumeb. Mineralogical Record 13: 149-150
Stottite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+[Ge4+(OH)6]
Type Locality:
Description: Level 30 = 1000m.
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1958) 85-96
Stranskiite (TL)
Formula: Zn2Cu(AsO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Strunz, H. (1960) Stranskiit, ein neues Mineral. Naturwiss., 47, 376 (in German); American Mineralogist (1960): 45: 1315 (abstract); Hänni, H.A., W.B. Stern, and M. Glor (1978) New data on stranskiite from Tsumeb, Namibia. American Mineralogist (1978): 63: 213-215; J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV (2000).
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Sulvanite
Formula: Cu3VS4
Reference: Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp
Surite
Formula: (Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2
Description: Subhedral highly viterous, glassy crystals found on Level34, W30 stope, Level 28, W30 stope, Level 39, W30 stope and Level 29, W30 stope known associations are smithsonite, willemite, kegelite, queitite, eyite, goethite, sphalerite, galena, tennantite, calcite, dolomite and kaolinite.
Reference: Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 661 pp (in English) ; Bowell, R.J & Mocke, H. 2018. Minerals new to Tsumeb. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 20-46
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Georg Gebhard, Tsumeb II, page 200
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Talmessite
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: analysed - EDS & SXRD; Franz Neuhold, Vienna
Tangeite
Formula: CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Franz Neuhold collection; Bowell, R.J & Mocke, H. 2018. Minerals new to Tsumeb. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 20-46
'Tennantite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2+2)As4S12S
Habit: Tetrahedral crystals to 30cm on edge.
Colour: Mostly frosted or corroded
Description: Pseudomorphs of azurite and malachite after tennantite are found.
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62:440.; Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.; Origlieri, M.J., Downs, R.T., Pinch, W.W., Zito, G.L. (2009): Stibioclaudetite AsSbO3 A new mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. The Mineralogical Record, 40, 209-213
Tennantite-(Zn)
Formula: Cu6(Cu4Zn2)As4S12S
Reference: SEM-EDS by Joy Desor
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup' ?
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2+2)Sb4S12S
Description: Antimony appears to be scarce and not positively identified. May be included due to mistranslation of fahlerz.
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 8 (3), 130 pp.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Thometzekite (TL)
Formula: PbCu2+2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1985) 446-452
Tilasite
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)F
Colour: White
Reference: NHM (London) Collections, analysis by XRD and EDX - M.Rumsey 2006
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Tsumcorite (TL)
Formula: PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Crystals
Colour: brown
Reference: Walenta, K. & Wimmenauer, W. (1961): Der Mineralbestand des Michaelganges im Weiler bei Lahr (Schwarzwald). Jh. Geol. Landesamt Baden-Württemberg, 4, 7-37. [as unnamed Pb-Zn-arsenate]; Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1971): 304-309; American Mineralogist (1972): 57: 1558; NJMM (1985), 446; European Journal of Mineralogy 10 (1998), 179.
Tsumebite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Busz (1912) Festschr. Ges. Deutsch. Naturforscher und Ärzte, Münster, 182-185; Busz (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 51: 526; Rosický (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 51: 521 (as Preslite); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 919.
Tsumgallite (TL)
Formula: GaO(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Monatshefte Vol:2003 No.11 p521-527
Tungstenite
Formula: WS2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Umangite
Formula: Cu3Se2
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
'Unnamed (Zn Arsenate)'
Formula: Zn, As, O, H
Description: This is Ianbruceite.
Reference: Möhn, G., Frohwein, J. & Blaß, G. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Friedrichssegen bei Bad Ems. Lapis 34 (5), 35-40; 58; Blaß, G., Kruijen, F. & Seyb, R. (2009): Neues von der Tsumeb Mine. Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 60-65 (in German).
Vanackerite (TL)
Formula: Pb4Cd(AsO4)3Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., Gebhard, G. (2012) Vanackerite, IMA 2011-114. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 812; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 807-817.; Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T. & Gebhard, G. (2016): Vanackerite, a new lead cadmium arsenate of the apatite supergroup from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 79-86.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: [MinRec 8:Tsumeb 34/62]
Vésigniéite
Formula: BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Bowell, R.J & Mocke, H. 2018. Minerals new to Tsumeb. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 20-46
Warikahnite (TL)
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Description: 2nd oxidation zone (Pilar E9, 31st level).
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 p 315
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Reference: New Mineral Names. Mineral News, 28, #1 (January 2012), 13.
Wilhelmkleinite (TL)
Formula: ZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Type Locality:
Description: From the 44 level.
Reference: Schlüter, J., Klaska, K.-H., Friese, K., Adiwidjaja, G., and G. Gebhard (1998) Wilhelmkleinite, ZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2, a new mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1998: (12): 558-564.; Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., and Roberts, A.C. (1999) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 84: 1195-1198.; Mineralogical Record: 31(2): 205-206.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.; Mineralogical Record (1977) Tsumeb! (special issue), 34, 50, 67.; Wilson, W.E. (1981) What's new in minerals? Detroit Show 1980. Mineralogical Record, 12, 45-47.
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Habit: Minute flat pseudohexagonal crystals, massive
Colour: mily gray to white or cream colored
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1977) Tsumeb: 8: 34/85.
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Bowell, R.J & Mocke, H. 2018. Minerals new to Tsumeb. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 20-46
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: [MinRec 3:200, 10:114, 8:86-87, 10:114, 8:Tsumeb 34-35/50/79-82/86] Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
Wulfenite var. Chillagite
Formula: Pb[(Mo,W)O4]
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: [MinRec 8:Tsumeb 35]
Yvonite
Formula: Cu(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 634 pg (in English)
Zharchikhite
Formula: AlF(OH)2
Reference: BRANDSTÄTTER, F., H. KAISER und G. NIEDERMAYR (2001) Zharchikhit – ein neuer „alter“ Fund von Tsumeb, Namibia.- Mineralien-Welt 12 (5), 51-53.
Zincgartrellite (TL)
Formula: PbZn2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Effenberger, H., Krause, W., Bernhardt, H.-J. and Martin, M. (2000) On the symmetry of tsumcorite group minerals based on the new species rappoldite and zincgartrellite. Mineralogical Magazine: 64: 1109-1126; European Journal of Mineralogy: 10: 179-206.
Zincolivenite
Formula: CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Description: https://youtu.be/3qgo9po-bT8 A very interesting presentation on the Adamite-Zincolvinite-Olivenite series.
Reference: Lapis 32 (12) 58 (Steffen Möckel information); Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).; Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Zincrosasite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Fortschritte Min.(1959) 37, 87-90; Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1986) 523-527
Zincroselite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Colour: white to colorless
Reference: Keller, P., Innes, J. & Dunn, P. J. (1986) Zincroselite, Ca2Zn(AsO4)2•2H2O, a new mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1986): (11): 523-527; American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 932; Keller, P. & Innes, J. (1986): "Neue Minerale von Tsumeb." Lapis, 11 (9), 28-32.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Eugenite1.AD.15cAg11Hg2
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var. Native Amalgam1.AA.05(Ag,Hg)
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Argyrodite2.BA.70Ag8GeS6
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Betekhtinite2.BE.05(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Briartite2.KA.10Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Calvertite (TL)2.CA.15Cu5Ge0.5S4
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Cupropearceite2.GB.15[Cu6As2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cupropolybasite2.GB.15[Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Furutobeite2.BE.10(Cu,Ag)6PbS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gallite (TL)2.CB.10aCuGaS2
Germanite (TL)2.CB.30Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Germanocolusite2.CB.30Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Gratonite2.JB.55Pb9As4S15
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Idaite ?2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Maikainite2.CB.30Cu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Mawsonite2.CB.20Cu6Fe2SnS8
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Ovamboite (TL)2.CB.30 Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32
Patrónite ?2.EC.10VS4
Perroudite2.FC.20cHg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Renierite2.CB.35a(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Roxbyite2.BA.05Cu9S5
Seligmannite2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Sulvanite2.CB.70Cu3VS4
'Tennantite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2+2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup' ?2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2+2)Sb4S12S
Tungstenite2.EA.30WS2
Umangite2.BA.25Cu3Se2
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Matlockite3.DC.25PbFCl
Mendipite3.DC.70Pb3Cl2O2
Nadorite3.DC.30PbSbClO2
Parkinsonite3.DB.40Pb7MoO9Cl2
Prosopite3.CD.10CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Zharchikhite3.AC.05AlF(OH)2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Ashoverite4.FA.10Zn(OH)2
Biehlite (TL)4.DB.60((Sb,As)O)2[MoO4]
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Chalcophanite4.FL.20ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Claudetite4.CB.45As2O3
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var. Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Dzhalindite4.FC.05In(OH)3
Ekatite (TL)4.JB.75(Fe3+,Fe2+,Zn)12(AsO3)6(AsO3,HSiO4)2(OH)6
Eyselite (TL)4.DM.20Fe3+Ge4+3O7(OH)
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Freedite4.JB.65Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Gebhardite (TL)4.JB.50Pb8(As2O5)2OCl6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Jeanbandyite4.FC.15Fe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 >= x > 0.5)
Karibibite4.JA.15Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Leiteite (TL)4.JA.05Zn(As2O4)
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Ludlockite (TL)4.JA.45PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Oxyplumboroméite4.DH.Pb2Sb2O6O
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var. Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Reinerite (TL)4.JA.10Zn3(AsO3)2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Schneiderhöhnite (TL)4.JA.35Fe2+Fe3+3As3+5O13
Scotlandite4.JE.20PbSO3
Spertiniite4.FD.05Cu(OH)2
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibioclaudetite (TL)4.CB.45AsSbO3
Stottite (TL)4.FC.15Fe2+[Ge4+(OH)6]
Söhngeite (TL)4.FC.05Ga(OH)3
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Tsumgallite (TL)4.FD.10GaO(OH)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var. Lead-bearing Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Pb)CO3
var. Tarnowitzite5.AB.15CaCO3
var. Zinc-bearing Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Zn)CO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Brianyoungite5.BF.30Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var. Cobalt-bearing Dolomite5.AB.10(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
var. Zinc-bearing Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Macphersonite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Minrecordite (TL)5.AB.10CaZn(CO3)2
Otavite (TL)5.AB.05CdCO3
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var. Zinc-bearing Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Zn)CO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Susannite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Zincrosasite (TL)5.BA.10(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Edwardsite7.DD.30Cu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O
Elyite7.DF.65Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Fleischerite (TL)7.DF.25Pb3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Fornacite7.FC.10Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Gordaite7.DF.50NaZn4(SO4)(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Gunningite7.CB.05ZnSO4 · H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Itoite (TL)7.BD.50Pb3Ge4+(SO4)2O2(OH)2
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ktenasite7.DD.20ZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Leightonite7.CC.70K2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Molybdofornacite (TL)7.FC.10Pb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)
Munakataite7.BC.65Pb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4
Namuwite7.DD.50Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Niedermayrite7.DD.30CdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Orthoserpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Schaurteite (TL)7.DF.25Ca3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Sidpietersite (TL)7.JA.05Pb2+4(S2O3)O2(OH)2
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Wroewolfeite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
var. Chillagite7.GA.05Pb[(Mo,W)O4]
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
var. Cobalt-bearing Adamite ?8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
var. Copper-bearing Adamite ?8.BB.30(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Agardite-(Ce)8.DL.15CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Andyrobertsite (TL)8.DH.50KCdCu5(AsO4)4(H2AsO4) · 2H2O
Arsenbrackebuschite (TL)8.BG.05Pb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Arsendescloizite (TL)8.BH.35PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenocrandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenogoyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenohopeite (TL)8.CA.30Zn3(AsO4)2 · 4H2O
Arsentsumebite (TL)8.BG.05Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Arthurite8.DC.15CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Austinite8.BH.35CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Bayldonite8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Betpakdalite-CaCa8.DM.15[Ca2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Betpakdalite-CaMg (TL)8.DM.[Ca2(H2O)17Mg(H2O)6][Mo8As2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Calcioandyrobertsite (TL)8.DH.50KCaCu5(AsO4)4(H2AsO4) · 2H2O
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Chudobaite (TL)8.CE.05(Mg,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Clinoclase8.BE.20Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Cobalttsumcorite8.CG.15PbCo2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornwallite8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Davidlloydite (TL)8.CA.Zn3(AsO4)2·4H2O
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Duftite (TL)8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Euchroite8.DC.07Cu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Fahleite (TL)8.CH.55CaZn5Fe3+2(AsO4)6 · 14H2O
Feinglosite (TL)8.BG.05Pb2Zn(AsO4)2 · H2O
Ferrilotharmeyerite (TL)8.CG.15CaZnFe3+(AsO4)2(OH) · H2O
Gaitite (TL)8.CG.05Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Gallobeudantite (TL)8.BL.05PbGa3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Gartrellite8.CG.20PbCuFe3+(AsO4)2(OH) · H2O
Geminite8.CB.30Cu(HAsO4) · H2O
Gerdtremmelite (TL)8.BE.40(Zn,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(AsO4)(OH)5
Hedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Helmutwinklerite (TL)8.CG.20PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Hermannroseite (TL)8.BH.35CaCu(PO4)(OH)
Hidalgoite8.BL.05PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hörnesite8.CE.40Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ianbruceite (TL)8.DA.50[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
Jamesite (TL)8.BK.25Pb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe3+4(AsO4)4(OH)10
Johillerite (TL)8.AC.10Na(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3
Keyite (TL)8.CA.50Cu2+3Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Kintoreite8.BL.10PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Koritnigite (TL)8.CB.20Zn(HAsO4) · H2O
Köttigite8.CE.40Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Lammerite8.AB.30Cu3(AsO4)2
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
var. Zinclavendulan (TL)8.DG.05NaCa(Cu,Zn)5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Legrandite8.DC.10Zn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Lindackerite8.CE.30CuCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Lukrahnite (TL)8.CG.20CaCuFe3+(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Mawbyite8.CG.15PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Metazeunerite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mixite8.DL.15BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Ojuelaite8.DC.15ZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
var. Zinc-bearing Olivenite8.BB.30(Cu,Zn)2(AsO4)(OH)
Paradamite8.BB.35Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Parnauite8.DF.35Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Philipsbornite8.BL.10PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Philipsburgite8.DA.35(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
var. Ga-rich plumbogummite8.BL.10Pb(Al,Ga)3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Prosperite (TL)8.CA.60Ca2Zn4(AsO4)4 · H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Schultenite (TL)8.AD.30Pb(HAsO4)
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Sewardite (TL)8.BH.30CaFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Skorpionite8.DO.45Ca3Zn2(PO4)2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Stranskiite (TL)8.AB.35Zn2Cu(AsO4)2
Talmessite8.CG.05Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Tangeite8.BH.35CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Thometzekite (TL)8.CG.15PbCu2+2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Tilasite8.BH.10CaMg(AsO4)F
Tsumcorite (TL)8.CG.15PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Tsumebite (TL)8.BG.05Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vésigniéite8.BH.45BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Warikahnite (TL)8.CA.35Zn3(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Wilhelmkleinite (TL)8.BB.40ZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Yvonite8.CB.25Cu(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Zincgartrellite (TL)8.CG.20PbZn2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2
Zincolivenite8.BB.30CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Zincroselite (TL)8.CG.10Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
β-Roselite8.CG.05Ca2Co(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Alamosite9.DO.20PbSiO3
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Baileychlore9.EC.55(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Bartelkeite (TL)9.J0.10Pb(Fe2+Ge)[Ge2O7](OH)2 · H2O
Brindleyite9.ED.15(Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Brunogeierite (TL)9.AC.15Ge4+Fe2+2O4
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fraipontite9.ED.15(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Kegelite (TL)9.EC.80Pb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
Krieselite (TL)9.AF.20(Al,Ga)2(GeO4)(OH)2
Larsenite9.AB.10PbZnSiO4
Mathewrogersite (TL)9.CJ.55Pb7FeAl3GeSi12O36(OH,H2O)6
Melanotekite9.BE.80Pb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Otjisumeite (TL)9.J0.15PbGe4O9
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Plumbotsumite (TL)9.HH.20Pb13(CO3)6(Si10O27) · 3H2O
Queitite (TL)9.BF.20Pb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Shattuckite9.DB.40Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Surite9.EC.75(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Carnevallite'-Cu3GaS4
'Duftite-alpha'-PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Erikapohlite (TL)-Cu3(Zn,Cu,Mg)4Ca2(AsO4)6·2H2O
Galloplumbogummite (TL)-Pb(Ga,Al,Ge)3(PO4)2(OH)6
'Kintoreite-Segnitite Series'-
Lauraniite-Cu6Cd2(SO4)2(OH)12 · 5H2O
Lazaridisite-3CdSO4·8H2O
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mineral GS1 (of Gebhard)'-Zn, Fe, As, O, H
O'Danielite (TL)-Na(Zn,Mg)3H2(AsO4)3
Plumboselite (TL)-Pb3O2(SeO3)
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
Tennantite-(Zn)-Cu6(Cu4Zn2)As4S12S
'Unnamed (Zn Arsenate)'-Zn, As, O, H
Vanackerite (TL)-Pb4Cd(AsO4)3Cl

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Eugenite1.1.8.5Ag11Hg2
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Naumannite2.4.1.2Ag2Se
Roxbyite2.4.7.4Cu9S5
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Argyrodite2.5.6.1Ag8GeS6
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Calvertite (TL)2.5.2.2Cu5Ge0.5S4
Umangite2.5.1.1Cu3Se2
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Briartite2.9.2.3Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Gallite (TL)2.9.1.3CuGaS2
Germanite (TL)2.9.4.2Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Idaite ?2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
Mawsonite2.9.3.1Cu6Fe2SnS8
Renierite2.9.4.1(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Glaucodot2.12.6.1(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Tungstenite2.12.10.3WS2
Chlor-sulfides
Perroudite2.15.5.1Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
Miscellaneous
Betekhtinite2.16.8.1(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Furutobeite2.16.12.1(Cu,Ag)6PbS4