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Wöhlerite

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About WöhleriteHide

05809710014946954602997.jpg
Friedrich Wöhler
Formula:
NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Colour:
Light to dark yellow, brown, gray
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
5½ - 6
Specific Gravity:
3.40 - 3.44
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after Friedrich Wöhler (1800-1882), professor of chemistry in the University of Göttingen (Germany).

Classification of WöhleriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.BE.17

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
E : Si2O7 groups, with additional anions; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
56.2.4.5

56 : SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
2 : Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
17.8.10

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
8 : Silicates with niobate or tantalate

Physical Properties of WöhleriteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Light to dark yellow, brown, gray
Streak:
Yellowish white
Hardness:
5½ - 6 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Distinct on {010}
Poor on {100}{110}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Splintery
Density:
3.40 - 3.44 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.42 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of WöhleriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.700 - 1.705 nβ = 1.716 - 1.720 nγ = 1.726 - 1.728
2V:
Measured: 70° to 77°, Calculated: 70° to 76°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.026
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v weak
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X=Y= nearly colorless to pale yellow
Z= wine-yellow

Chemical Properties of WöhleriteHide

Formula:
NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
IMA Formula:
Na2Ca4Zr(Nb,Ti)(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
Common Impurities:
Ti,Hf,Al,Y,Ce,La,Fe,Ta,Mn,Mg,Sr

Crystallography of WöhleriteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2 - Sphenoidal
Space Group:
P21
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.823(3) Å, b = 10.244(3) Å, c = 7.290(2) Å
β = 109.00(4)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.057 : 1 : 0.712
Unit Cell V:
764.21 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Prismatic crystals to 3cm, tabular, granular
Twinning:
Twin plane {010} common

Crystallographic forms of WöhleriteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
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Wöhlerite no.22 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Type Occurrence of WöhleriteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Syenite pegmatite

Other Language Names for WöhleriteHide

German:Wöhlerit
Spanish:Wöhlerita

Relationship of Wöhlerite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2Mon.
BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4Tric.
Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Mon. 2 : P21
Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon.
NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OFMon. 2/m : P21/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
10 photos of Wöhlerite associated with Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
6 photos of Wöhlerite associated with MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
4 photos of Wöhlerite associated with ZirconZr(SiO4)
3 photos of Wöhlerite associated with Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
3 photos of Wöhlerite associated with NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
2 photos of Wöhlerite associated with QuartzSiO2
2 photos of Wöhlerite associated with FluoriteCaF2
2 photos of Wöhlerite associated with TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
2 photos of Wöhlerite associated with Hiortdahlite INa4Ca8Zr2(Nb,Mn,Ti,Fe,Mg,Al)2(Si2O7)4O3F5
2 photos of Wöhlerite associated with NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.BE.02Wadsleyite(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)Orth.
9.BE.05HennomartiniteSrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.05LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.BE.05NoelbensoniteBaMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.05ItoigawaiteSrAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.07IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.BE.07ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.10SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2OOrth.
9.BE.12JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
9.BE.15FresnoiteBa2Ti(Si2O7)OTet. 4mm : P4bm
9.BE.17BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2Mon.
9.BE.17BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
9.BE.17CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4Tric.
9.BE.17Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BE.17Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon.
9.BE.17NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OFMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite INa4Ca8Zr2(Nb,Mn,Ti,Fe,Mg,Al)2(Si2O7)4O3F5
9.BE.17MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Mon. 2 : P21
9.BE.20Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.20Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3Mon.
9.BE.22GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.23DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.BE.25Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)Mon.
9.BE.25EricssoniteBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2Mon.
9.BE.25Ericssonite-2OBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth.
9.BE.25SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon.
9.BE.25NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m
9.BE.25GrenmariteNa4MnZr3(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : P2/b
9.BE.25SchülleriteBa2Na(Mn,Ca)(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.25LileyiteBa2(Na,Fe,Ca)3MgTi2(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25EmmerichiteBa2Na(Na,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Mg)Ti2(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25Fluorbarytolamprophyllite(Ba,Sr)2[(Na,Fe2+)3(Ti,Mg)F2][Ti2(Si2O7)2O2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.27MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2OTric.
9.BE.30EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2OTric.
9.BE.32LomonosoviteNa5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2Tric.
9.BE.35VuonnemiteNa11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)Tric.
9.BE.37SoboleviteNa13Ca2Mn2Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O3F3Mon. m : Pb
9.BE.40InneliteNa2CaBa4Ti3(Si2O7)2(SO4)2O4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.40PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2FTric.
9.BE.42YoshimuraiteBa2Mn2Ti(Si2O7)(PO4)O(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.45QuadruphiteNa14Ca2Ti4(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O2FTric.
9.BE.47PolyphiteNa5(Na4Ca2)Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)3O2F2Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.50BornemaniteNa6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.50ShkatulkaliteNa5(Nb1−xTix)2(Ti1−yMn2+y)[Si2O7]2O2(OH)2·nH2O (x + y = 0.5; n <= 10)Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.BE.55BafertisiteBa2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric.
9.BE.55HejtmaniteBa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric. 1
9.BE.55Bykovaite(Ba,Na,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(H2O,F,OH)2 · 3.5H2OMon. 2/m
9.BE.55Nechelyustovite(Ba,Sr,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(O,H2O,F)2 · 4.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.60Delindeite(Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
9.BE.65BusseniteNa2Ba2Fe2+Ti(Si2O7)(CO3)(OH)3FTric. 1 : P1
9.BE.67JinshajiangiteBaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FTric. 1 : P1
9.BE.67PerraultiteBaNaMn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.67SurkhobiteNaCaBa2Mn8Ti4(Si2O7)4O5F5
9.BE.70Karnasurtite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Th)(Ti,Nb)(Al,Fe)(Si2O7)(OH)4 · 3H2O
9.BE.70Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Strontiochevkinite(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon.
9.BE.70Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Polyakovite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70RengeiteSr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70MatsubaraiteSr4Ti5(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70UKI-2008-(SiO:SrTiZr)Sr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.BE.70Hezuolinite(Sr,REE)4Zr(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.72FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3Tric.
9.BE.75BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12Hex.
9.BE.77NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2Hex.
9.BE.80KentrolitePb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
9.BE.80MelanotekitePb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
9.BE.82TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2Mon.
9.BE.85KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2Mon.
9.BE.87Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn2+3Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30Trig. 3 : P31
9.BE.90Biraite-(Ce)Ce2Fe2+(Si2O7)(CO3)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.92Cervandonite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti,Al)3O2(Si2O7)(As3+O3)(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.BE.95BatisiviteBaV3+8Ti6(Si2O7)O22Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

56.2.4.1BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2Mon.
56.2.4.2BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
56.2.4.3CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
56.2.4.4Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
56.2.4.6Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon.
56.2.4.7Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4Tric.
56.2.4.8RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
56.2.4.9Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
56.2.4.10Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
56.2.4.11JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2OTric.
56.2.4.12Komarovite(Ca,Mn)(Nb,Ti)2[Si2O7](O,F)3 · 3.5H2OOrth.
56.2.4.13Natrokomarovite(Na,Ca,H)2Nb2Si2O10(OH,F)2 · H2OOrth.
56.2.4.14SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2OOrth.
56.2.4.15MongoliteCa4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2OTet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.8.1EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2OTric.
17.8.2MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2OTric.
17.8.3PerraultiteBaNaMn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m : B2/m
17.8.4Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon.
17.8.5MongoliteCa4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2OTet.
17.8.6FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3Tric.
17.8.7Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3Mon.
17.8.8Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
17.8.9Natrokomarovite(Na,Ca,H)2Nb2Si2O10(OH,F)2 · H2OOrth.
17.8.11BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12Hex.
17.8.12BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28ClTet. 4/m : I41/a
17.8.13Shcherbakovite(K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2Orth.
17.8.14Ilímaussite-(Ce)(Na,K)7-8(Ba,K)10Ce5(Nb,Ti)6(Si3O9)4(Si9O18)O6(O,OH)24Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
17.8.15Komarovite(Ca,Mn)(Nb,Ti)2[Si2O7](O,F)3 · 3.5H2OOrth.
17.8.16Manganbelyankinite(Mn,Ca)(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O
17.8.17Niobophyllite(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31Tric.
17.8.18Caesium-Kupletskite(Cs,K,Na)3(Mn,Fe2+)7(Ti,Nb)2Si8O24(O,OH,F)7

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Cathodoluminescence is blue-green
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WöhleriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Scheerer, Th. (1843) Über den Wöhlerit, eine neue Mineralspecies. Annalen der Physik und Chemie (herausgegeben zu Berlin von J.C. Poggendorff). 59: 327-336
Mellini, M., Merlino, S. (1979) Refinement of the Crystal Structure of Wöhlerite. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 26: 109-123.
Mariano, A.N., Roeder, P.L. (1989) Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. The Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 709-720.

Internet Links for WöhleriteHide

Localities for WöhleriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Huambo Province
    • Londuimbali City Council
Amores-Casals, S.; Gonçalves, A.O.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Molist, J.M. (2020) Nb and REE Distribution in the Monte Verde Carbonatite–Alkaline–Agpaitic Complex (Angola). Minerals 10, 5.
  • Huíla Province
    • Lubango City Council
Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12; Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
Brazil
 
  • Rio de Janeiro
    • Itatiaia
elluso, L., Guarino, V., Lustrino, M., Morra, V., De' Gennaro, R. (2016): The REE- and HFSE-bearing phases in the Itatiaia Alkaline Complex (Brazil), and geochemical evolution of feldspar-rich felsic melts. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12839&sid=298fa3a883df3b6a74caf0dae5778cc7 (2016)
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Killala Lake Area
Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720.
  • Québec
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
Wallace et al. (1990) Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251; Wallace, G.M., Whalen, J.B. & Martin, R.F. (1990) Agpaitic and miaskitic nepheline syenites of the McGerrigle plutonic complex, Gaspé, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251-266.
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
ANDERSON, V. (1979) Microminerals. Mineralogical Record, 10, 103-108 [105].; HENDERSON, W.A., Jr. (1982) Microminerals - Mineral paragenesis at Mont St.-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 13, 241-247 [242].; GRICE, J.D. (1989) Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Canada's Most Diverse Mineral Locality. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 100-108; 166-175.; HORVÁTH, L., GAULT, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 281-359 [344, 346-347].; ROBINSON, G.W., KING, V.T., ASSELBORN, E., CURETON, F., TSCHERNICH, R.W., SIELECKI, R. (1992) What's New in Minerals? Annual World Summary of Mineral Discoveries, April 1991 through April 1992. Mineralogical Record, 23, 423-437 [429].
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Bancroft & Howard (1923)
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Igaliku Complex
Coulson I. M., 1997. Post-magmatic alteration in eudialyte from the North Qôroq centre, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine, 61: 99-109.; Coulson, I. M. (1997). Post-magmatic alteration in eudialyte from the North Qoroq centre, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(1), 99-109.
    • Sermersooq
      • Werner Bjerge
Christiansen, C. C., Gault, R. A., Grice, J. D., Johnsen, O. (2003): Kochite, a new member of the rosenbuschite group from the Werner Bjerge alkaline complex, East Greenland. European Journal of Mineralogy. 15, 551-554
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Kaiserstuhl massif
      • Schelingen
        • Orberg - Badberg area
Keller, J., Williams T. (1995): Niocalite and Wöhlerite from the alkaline and carbonatite rocks at Kaiserstuhl, Germany, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol.: 59, 561-566
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler
      • Brohltal
        • Glees
Kratzsch, E. (1989) Die Mineralien von Dachsbusch. Lapis, 14(1), 11-21.; Kratzsch, E. (2006) Der Wehr-Vulkan und seine Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt, 17(5), 12-34.; Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Kratzsch, E., Die Mineralien vom Dachsbusch, Lapis , 14, 11-21, 1989
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Kruft
Hentschel, G., Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Laacher Vulkangebiet, Mainzer Geowiss. Mitt. 9, 121-125, 1980
      • Mendig
Hentschel, G., Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Laacher Vulkangebiet, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 9, 121-125, 1980
Hentschel, G., Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Laacher Vulkangebiet, Mainzer Geowiss. Mitt. 9, 121-125, 1980
        • Wingertsberg
Hentschel, G., Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Laacher Vulkangebiet, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 9, 121-125, 1980
Blaß, G. (2010) Die neuen Mineralfunde aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt, 21(5), 48-59.; Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
    • Vulkaneifel
      • Daun
        • Üdersdorf
Hentschel, G. (1993) Neufunde von Üdersdorf. Lapis, 9/1993. Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
      • Hillesheim
Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Guinea
 
Biagioni, C. (2007). I disilicati di Zr-Ti-Nb-REE delle sieniti a nefelina delle Iles de Los (Guinea). Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.; Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Parodi, G. C., & Perchiazzi, N. (2012). Crystal Chemistry of Minerals of the Wöhlerite Group from the Los Archipelago, Guinea. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(3), 593-609.
India
 
  • Gujarat
    • Chhota Udaipur District
AVASIA, R. (1968). INTERPENETRANT AND GROOVED TRAPEZOHEDRA OF PSEUDOLEUCITE, GHORI, CHHOTA UDAIPUR, GUJARAT. The Indian Mineralogist: Journal of the Mineralogical Society of India, 9, 76-78. Czygan, W. 1985. Petrography and geochemistry of foid syenites and related rocks of the Deccan Trap area, India. Indian Mineralogist (Sukheswala Volume), 20-43. Gwalani, L. G., Fernandez, S., Karanth, R. V., Demeny, A., Chang, W. J., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Alkaline and tholeiitic dyke swarm associated with Amba Dongar and Phenai Mata complexes, Chhota Udaipur alkaline sub-province, Western India. MEMOIRS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 391-424. Sukheswala, R. N., & Sethna, S. F. (1973). Oversaturated and undersaturated differentiates in the tholeiitic igneous complex of Phenai Mata, Baroda District, Gujarat State, India. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 118, 159-176.
  • West Bengal
    • Purulia District
Chakrabarty, A., Pruseth, K. L., & Sen, A. K. (2012). Compositions and petrogenetic significance of the eudialyte group minerals from Sushina, Purulia, West Bengal. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 79(5), 449-459.
Israel
 
  • Hatrurim Formation
Arkadiusz Krzątała, Evgeny V. Galuskin, Irina O. Galuskina, Yevgeny Vapnik (2018) “Uranian cuspidine” – a potentially new mineral from paralava of Eastern Gurim, Hatrurim Complex, Israel. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 358
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Ischia Island
        • Lacco Ameno
Pichler, H., (1970): Italienische Vulkan-Gebiete II, Phlegräische Felder, Ischia,.... , Bornträger Berlin Stuttgart
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
[Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Malawi
 
  • Southern Region
    • Balaka
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Mali
 
  • Kidal Region
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Norway
 
  • Oslo
    • Grorud
Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4) p 11
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Auenslandet
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62; Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. & Andersen, T. (2017): Variasjon i kjemisk sammensetning av wöhleritt: en mulig petrologisk indikator på pegmatittsmelten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 57-68; Friis, Henrik & Andersen, Tom. (2019) Pegmatites of the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo Rift, Norway: field relations and characterisation. 99. 10.17850/njg99-1-05.
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
      • Bassebu
Peter Andresen collection, 2016.
      • Bjønnes
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. & Andersen, T. (2017): Variasjon i kjemisk sammensetning av wöhleritt: en mulig petrologisk indikator på pegmatittsmelten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 57-68
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. & Andersen, T. (2017): Variasjon i kjemisk sammensetning av wöhleritt: en mulig petrologisk indikator på pegmatittsmelten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 57-68
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. and Andersen, T. (2018) Variation in major and trace elements of primary wöhlerite as an indicator of the origin of pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. The Canadian Mineralogist, 56: 529-542
      • Bjørkedalen
Knut Eldjarn
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. and Andersen, T. (2018) Variation in major and trace elements of primary wöhlerite as an indicator of the origin of pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. The Canadian Mineralogist, 56: 529-542
      • Eidanger
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16
      • Langangen
Larsen, A.O. & Åsheim, A.(1976): Mineraler fra Langangen. NAGS-nytt 3(1),9-12.
Raade, G., Åmli, R., Mladeck, H., Din. V. K., Larsen, A.O. & Åsheim, A. (1983): Chiavennite from syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist. 68: 628-633
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Bjørkøya
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 2000.
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. and Andersen, T. (2018) Variation in major and trace elements of primary wöhlerite as an indicator of the origin of pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. The Canadian Mineralogist, 56: 529-542
Scheerer, Th. (1843): Über den Wöhlerit, eine neue Mineralspecies. Annalen der Physik und Chemie. 59: 327-336
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
Ragnar Hansen find 1975
        • Siktesøya
Larsen, A.O. & Raade, G. (1991): Gaidonnayite from the nepheline syenite pegmatite on Siktesøya in the southern part of the Oslo Region, norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 71: 303-306
Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
      • Rønningen (Skredderrønningen)
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. & Andersen, T. (2017): Variasjon i kjemisk sammensetning av wöhleritt: en mulig petrologisk indikator på pegmatittsmelten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 57-68
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Brunlanes
Svein A. Berge collection 1979
Svein A. Berge & Ragnar Hansen observation in 1977
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1992.
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1992.
Svein A. Berge collection 1992
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Andersen, F. (1993): Hedrum pukkverk i Lågendalen. STEIN 20 (4), 236-238
D. Weinrich specimen (old specimen, A.E. Foote Mineral Co. label), Mindat-Photo id 339711
        • Arøyskjærene (Arøy skerries)
Knut Edvard Larsen observation may 2010
Svein A Berge observation 1992; Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-2316
Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
        • Barkevik area
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. and Andersen, T. (2018) Variation in major and trace elements of primary wöhlerite as an indicator of the origin of pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. The Canadian Mineralogist, 56: 529-542
          • Barkevika
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2014): Mafic minerals of the alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Oslo rift, southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist. 51, 735-770
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. and Andersen, T. (2018) Variation in major and trace elements of primary wöhlerite as an indicator of the origin of pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. The Canadian Mineralogist, 56: 529-542
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. and Andersen, T. (2018) Variation in major and trace elements of primary wöhlerite as an indicator of the origin of pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. The Canadian Mineralogist, 56: 529-542
Ragnar Hansen & Svein A. Berge observation 1975
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp + 28 plates (p. 468-477)
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. and Andersen, T. (2018) Variation in major and trace elements of primary wöhlerite as an indicator of the origin of pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. The Canadian Mineralogist, 56: 529-542
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral.16. 663 pp; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240p
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. and Andersen, T. (2018) Variation in major and trace elements of primary wöhlerite as an indicator of the origin of pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. The Canadian Mineralogist, 56: 529-542
Weibye, P.C. (1849): Die Mineralien der Lagerstätten bei Brevig, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefaktenkunde, Schweitzerbart 1849 : 521-525; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325; Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. & Andersen, T. (2017): Variasjon i kjemisk sammensetning av wöhleritt: en mulig petrologisk indikator på pegmatittsmelten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 57-68
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. and Andersen, T. (2018) Variation in major and trace elements of primary wöhlerite as an indicator of the origin of pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. The Canadian Mineralogist, 56: 529-542
Scheerer, Th., (1844): Nachträgliches über den Wöhlerit, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 137, 222-223
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. & Andersen, T. (2017): Variasjon i kjemisk sammensetning av wöhleritt: en mulig petrologisk indikator på pegmatittsmelten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 57-68
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. and Andersen, T. (2018) Variation in major and trace elements of primary wöhlerite as an indicator of the origin of pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. The Canadian Mineralogist, 56: 529-542
Brøgger, W.C.(1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, XVI, p.257
        • Vesle Arøya
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. p 462
      • Malerød
Collected by Peter Andresen, 2010.
      • Pauler
Field observations and/or collected by Peter Andresen, 7. February 2010; Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. & Andersen, T. (2017): Variasjon i kjemisk sammensetning av wöhleritt: en mulig petrologisk indikator på pegmatittsmelten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 57-68
      • Sky
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. & Andersen, T. (2017): Variasjon i kjemisk sammensetning av wöhleritt: en mulig petrologisk indikator på pegmatittsmelten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 57-68
      • Stavern (Fredriksvärn)
Weibye, P.C. (1848): Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde 22:465-544
      • Tjølling
        • Håkestad
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
        • Klåstad
Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field, april 2015
        • Stålaker
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. & Andersen, T. (2017): Variasjon i kjemisk sammensetning av wöhleritt: en mulig petrologisk indikator på pegmatittsmelten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 57-68
      • Tvedalen
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. & Andersen, T. (2017): Variasjon i kjemisk sammensetning av wöhleritt: en mulig petrologisk indikator på pegmatittsmelten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 57-68
Knut Edvard Larsen collection june 2015
Collection of Peter Andresen.
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Andresen, P. (2013): Gedigent bly og andre spennende mineraler fra en unik pegmatitt i Tvedalen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 83-87
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 2006.
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1993.
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
    • Sandefjord
      • Østerøya
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1317; Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. & Andersen, T. (2017): Variasjon i kjemisk sammensetning av wöhleritt: en mulig petrologisk indikator på pegmatittsmelten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 57-68
        • Søndre Sunde
Svein A. Berge collection & observation 1989; Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 20, 50-59
      • Tønsbergfjorden
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # 483; Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. & Andersen, T. (2017): Variasjon i kjemisk sammensetning av wöhleritt: en mulig petrologisk indikator på pegmatittsmelten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 57-68
      • Vesterøya
Sunde, Ø., Friis, H. & Andersen, T. (2017): Variasjon i kjemisk sammensetning av wöhleritt: en mulig petrologisk indikator på pegmatittsmelten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 57-68
Romania
 
  • Harghita
Pál Molnár, E. (2000): Hornblendites and diorites of the Ditró syenite massif. University of Szeged, Szeged Hungary, 172 p.
Russia
 
  • Buryatia
    • Mama River Basin
      • Maigunda River
Vladykin, N. V., & Sotnikova, I. A. (2017). Petrology, geochemistry and source characteristics of the Burpala alkaline massif, North Baikal. Geoscience Frontiers, 8(4), 711-719.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
Yakovenchuk, V.N.; Pakhomovsky, Y.A.; Panikorovskii, T.L.; Zolotarev, A.A.; Mikhailova, J.A.; Bocharov, V.N.; Krivovichev, S.V.; Ivanyuk, G.Y. (2019) Chirvinskyite, (Na,Ca)13(Fe,Mn,□)2(Ti,Nb)2(Zr,Ti)3-(Si2O7)4(OH,O,F)12, a New Mineral with a Modular Wallpaper Structure, from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Minerals 2019, 9, 219.
Sweden
 
  • Västernorrland County
    • Sundsvall
      • Alnö
        • Hörningsholm
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
USA
 
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Moultonborough
Meyers & Stewart (1956). The Geology of NH: Part III Minerals and Mines. p.62
Pirsson, L. V. and Washington, H. S. (1907) Contributions to the Geology of New Hampshire, Part III On Red Hill, Moultonboro, American Journal of Science, fourth series, v. 23, p. 257-276; p. 433-447.
  • Wisconsin
    • Marathon Co.
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
Falster, A.U., T.W. Buchholz, W.B. Simmons, J.D. Guidry & C.M. Johnson (2014), A New Find of Complex Na-Zr Silicates in the Stettin Complex, Marathon County, Wisconsin, a presentation before ther 41st. Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 25, 2014.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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