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Mosandrite-(Ce)

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About Mosandrite-(Ce)Hide

07790450014947397134777.jpg
Carl Gustaf Mosander
Formula:
(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Colour:
Deep reddish brown, brownish green, yellowish; greenish yellow
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
4 - 5
Specific Gravity:
3.2 - 3.4
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named as mosandrite in 1840 by Axel Joakim Erdmann in honor of the Swedish chemist and mineralogist Carl Gustav Mosander (1797-1858) who had discovered and described the element Lanthanum in 1839 (Erdmann 1840, Berzelius 1841).
Name was changed by IMA in 2016 from mosandrite to mosandrite-(Ce) (IMA 16-A).
See also rinkite-(Ce).
Mosandrite-(Ce) specimens may often shows signs of hydrothermal alteration. At the TL (Låven, Langesundsfjorden, Norway) the alteration products may be a mixture of fluorite, pyrochlore, calcite, magnetite, pyrophanite and lorenzenite (Raade 1967).

The status and definitions of the closely related Na-Ca-REE-Ti-Nb silicates of the rinkite group has been debated (Semenov 1969, Fleischer 1958, 1987): Since mosandrite has a distinctly higher H2O and lower Na content than f.ex. rinkite and nacareniobsite-(Ce), it has been suggested that mosandrite is a hydrothermal alteration of a primary rinkite phase. Fleisher (1958,1987) suggested therefore that both rinkite, and the varities of mosandrite (johnstrupite, rinkolite and lovchorrite), and calcium rinkite should all be defined as Mosandrite. However, Bellezza et al. (2009), based on thermogravity (TG), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and structural analysis showed that mosandrite is a distinct species, distinct from rinkite and the other valid species in the group.


Classification of Mosandrite-(Ce)Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
Notes:
Redefined by the IMA, Renamed by the IMA
First Published:
1841
Approval History:
2009: Redefinition of mosandrite as Ti(□,Ca,Na)3(Ca,REE)4(Si2O7)2[H2O,OH,F]4·H2O. IMA09-C
2016: Name changed from mosandrite to mosandrite-(Ce) (IMA 16-A).
9.BE.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
E : Si2O7 groups, with additional anions; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
56.2.5.1

56 : SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
2 : Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
17.1.21

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
1 : Silicates with fluoride (not containing Al)

Pronounciation of Mosandrite-(Ce)Hide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of Mosandrite-(Ce)Hide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Translucent
Comment:
Resinous to greasy on fractures
Colour:
Deep reddish brown, brownish green, yellowish; greenish yellow
Streak:
Pale yellow, yellowish green
Hardness:
4 - 5 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
on {100}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density:
3.2 - 3.4 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of Mosandrite-(Ce)Hide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.646 nβ = 1.649 nγ = 1.658
2V:
Measured: 43° to 87°, Calculated: 62°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.012
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of Mosandrite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
IMA Formula:
(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2

Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:
 12
SiO230.71 %28.64 %
ZrO27.43 %1.45 %
ThO20.34 %1.04 %
CaO22.53 %24.74 %
MnO0.45 %0.60 %
MgO0.63 % %
Fe2O30.56 % %
Na2O2.44 %1.06 %
K2O0.38 %0.05 %
Y2O33.52 %2.82 %
CeO26.34 % %
Ce2O310.45 %8.22 %
TiO25.33 %8.89 %
F2.06 %2.08 %
O=F Cl-0.86 %-0.88 %
H2O7.70 %7.50 %
Nb2O3 %1.40 %
Al2O3 %0.40 %
FeO %0.25 %
La2O3 %3.81 %
Pr2O3 %1.19 %
Nd2O3 %2.13 %
Sm2O3 %0.26 %
Gd2O3 %0.31 %
Dy2O3 %0.32 %
Er2O3 %0.39 %
Yb2O3 %0.19 %
Cl %0.04 %
Total:100.01 %96.9 %
Sample references:
IDTypeLocalityReference
1Type SpecimenLåven, Langesundsfjorden, Larvik, Vestfold, NorwayBäckström in Brøgger, W. C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitegänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16 (XVI),663 pp
2  "  "Bellezza, M., Merlino, S., Perchiazzi, N. (2009) Mosandrite: structural and crystal-chemical relationships with rinkite. Canadian Mineralogist 47, 897-908.

Crystallography of Mosandrite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Setting:
P21/c
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.398(1) Å, b = 5.595(1) Å, c = 18.662(2) Å
β = 101.37(1)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.322 : 1 : 3.335
Unit Cell V:
757.29 ų
Z:
2
Morphology:
Lath-shaped, prismatic crystals, flattened on {110}, elongated along [001]
Comment:
Data from Bellezza et al. 2009, Spacegroup is P21/c

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.041 Å(100)
2.675 Å(39)
2.920 Å(30)
2.765 Å(29)
3.538 Å(28)
9.107 Å(25)
2.005 Å(21)
3.083 Å(19)
1.801 Å(18)

Type Occurrence of Mosandrite-(Ce)Hide

Synonyms of Mosandrite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Mosandrite-(Ce)Hide

Varieties of Mosandrite-(Ce)Hide

LovchorriteMassive colloidal variety of Mosandrite.

Relationship of Mosandrite-(Ce) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Batievaite-(Y)Y2Ca2Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)4Tric. 1 : P1
Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
GrenmariteNa4MnZr3(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : P2/b
Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3Mon.
Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2Mon.
Rinkite-(Y)Na2Ca4YTi(Si2O7)2OF3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
Roumaite(Ca,Na,REE,◻)7(Nb,Ti)[Si2O7]2OF3Mon. m : Bb
SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon.
Structurally related to group(s):
Rinkite GroupAP2MH2MO4(Si2O7)2(XOM)2(XOA)2

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
16 photos of Mosandrite-(Ce) associated with Eudialyte(Na3Na3Na3Na3Na3)Ca6(IVFe2+3)Zr3[Si3O9]2[Si9O27SiO][Si9O27SiO]Cl(H2O)
7 photos of Mosandrite-(Ce) associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
5 photos of Mosandrite-(Ce) associated with Ferri-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
5 photos of Mosandrite-(Ce) associated with NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
5 photos of Mosandrite-(Ce) associated with Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
3 photos of Mosandrite-(Ce) associated with GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7
3 photos of Mosandrite-(Ce) associated with AgrelliteNaCa2Si4O10F
3 photos of Mosandrite-(Ce) associated with Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
2 photos of Mosandrite-(Ce) associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
2 photos of Mosandrite-(Ce) associated with Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.BE.BetalomonosoviteNa64Ti4(Si2O7)2[PO3OH][PO2(OH)2]O2(OF)Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.Batievaite-(Y)Y2Ca2Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.Delhuyarite-(Ce)Ce4Mg(Fe3+,W)3□(Si2O7)2O6(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.XAsimowiteFe2+4O(Si2O7)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma
9.BE.02WadsleyiteMg4O(Si2O7)Orth.
9.BE.05HennomartiniteSrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.05LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.BE.05NoelbensoniteBaMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.05ItoigawaiteSrAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.07IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.BE.07ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.10SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2OOrth.
9.BE.12JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
9.BE.15FresnoiteBa2Ti(Si2O7)OTet. 4mm : P4bm
9.BE.17BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2Mon.
9.BE.17BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
9.BE.17CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.17Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BE.17Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon.
9.BE.17NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OFMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2 : P21
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite INa4Ca8Zr2(Nb,Mn,Ti,Fe,Mg,Al)2(Si2O7)4O3F5
9.BE.17MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Mon. 2 : P21
9.BE.20Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3Mon.
9.BE.22GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.23DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.BE.25Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)Mon.
9.BE.25EricssoniteBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2Mon.
9.BE.25Ericssonite-2OBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth.
9.BE.25SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon.
9.BE.25NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m
9.BE.25GrenmariteNa4MnZr3(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : P2/b
9.BE.25SchülleriteBa2Na(Mn,Ca)(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.25LileyiteBa2(Na,Fe,Ca)3MgTi2(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25EmmerichiteBa2Na(Na,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Mg)Ti2(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25Fluorbarytolamprophyllite(Ba,Sr)2[(Na,Fe2+)3(Ti,Mg)F2][Ti2(Si2O7)2O2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.27MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2OTric.
9.BE.30EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2OTric.
9.BE.32LomonosoviteNa5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.35VuonnemiteNa11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)Tric.
9.BE.37SoboleviteNa13Ca2Mn2Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O3F3Mon. m : Pb
9.BE.40InneliteNa2CaBa4Ti3(Si2O7)2(SO4)2O4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.40PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2FTric.
9.BE.42YoshimuraiteBa2Mn2Ti(Si2O7)(PO4)O(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.45QuadruphiteNa14Ca2Ti4(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O2FTric.
9.BE.47PolyphiteNa5(Na4Ca2)Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)3O2F2Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.50BornemaniteNa6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.50ShkatulkaliteNa5(Nb1−xTix)2(Ti1−yMn2+y)[Si2O7]2O2(OH)2·nH2O (x + y = 0.5; n <= 10)Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.BE.55BafertisiteBa2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric.
9.BE.55HejtmaniteBa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric. 1
9.BE.55Bykovaite(Ba,Na,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(H2O,F,OH)2 · 3.5H2OMon. 2/m
9.BE.55Nechelyustovite(Ba,Sr,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(O,H2O,F)2 · 4.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.60Delindeite(Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
9.BE.65BusseniteNa2Ba2Fe2+Ti(Si2O7)(CO3)(OH)3FTric. 1 : P1
9.BE.67JinshajiangiteBaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FTric. 1 : P1
9.BE.67PerraultiteBaNaMn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70Karnasurtite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Th)(Ti,Nb)(Al,Fe)(Si2O7)(OH)4 · 3H2OAmor.
9.BE.70Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Strontiochevkinite(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon.
9.BE.70Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Polyakovite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70RengeiteSr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70MatsubaraiteSr4Ti5(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70UM2008-53-SiO:SrTiZrSr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.BE.70Hezuolinite(Sr,REE)4Zr(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.72FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3Tric.
9.BE.75BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12Hex.
9.BE.77NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2Hex.
9.BE.80KentrolitePb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
9.BE.80MelanotekitePb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
9.BE.82TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2Mon.
9.BE.85KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2Mon.
9.BE.87Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn2+3Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30Trig. 3 : P31
9.BE.90Biraite-(Ce)Ce2Fe2+(Si2O7)(CO3)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.92Cervandonite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti,Al)3O2(Si2O7)(As3+O3)(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.BE.95BatisiviteBaV3+8Ti6(Si2O7)O22Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

56.2.5.2Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3Mon.
56.2.5.3FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3Tric.
56.2.5.4GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.1.1HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
17.1.3AgrelliteNaCa2Si4O10FTric.
17.1.4Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2OOrth.
17.1.5Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mnc
17.1.6Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2OTet.
17.1.7HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
17.1.8LeucophaniteNaCaBeSi2O6FOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
17.1.9NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.1.10Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.11Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
17.1.12ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.13CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4Mon.
17.1.14Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
17.1.15CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.16BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2OTric.
17.1.17ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
17.1.18Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)Tric.
17.1.19YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3Orth.
17.1.20Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
17.1.22Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4Tric. 1 : P1
17.1.23BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
17.1.24SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon.
17.1.25Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O
17.1.26ZircophylliteK2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4FTric.
17.1.27JinshajiangiteBaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FTric. 1 : P1
17.1.28RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
17.1.29NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2Tet.
17.1.30SonoliteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
May be weakly radioactive (Langesundsfjorden area, Norway)
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Mosandrite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Erdmann, A. (1840) Undersökning af Leukophan, ett nytt mineral från trakten af Brevig i Norrige. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar, 191-200 (First appearance of the name mosandrite, but without any data)
Brøgger, W.C.(1890) Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie, 16, 663 pp + 28 plates.
Fleischer, M. (1958) New Data - Rinkite, Johnstrupite, Rinkolite, Lovchorrite, and Calcium Rinkite (all = Mosandrite). American Mineralogist 43, 795.
Powder Diffraction File (International Center for Diffraction Data) 45-1422.
Raade, G. (1967) Ramsayite as an alteration product of mosandrite. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 47: 249-250
Semenov, E. I. (1969): The mineralogy of the Ilimaussaq Alkaline Massif (South Greenland). Nauka, Moscow, Rissia (in Russ.)
Galli, E., Albertini, A. (1971) The crystal structure of rinkite. Acta Crystallographica B27: 1277-1284.
Fleischer, M. (1987): Glossary of Mineral Species (5th.ed.). mineralogical Record., Inxc., New York, N.Y.
Horváth, L., Gault, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record 21, 284.
Bellezza, M. (2005) Crystal-chemical study of Zr,Ti,Nb,REE-disilicates with general formula M16(Si2O7)4(O,OH,F)8, belonging to the cuspidine, gotzenite-rosenbuschite-seidozerite and rinkite families. Plinius, 31, 51-54.
Sokolova, E., Cámara, F. (2008) From structure topology to chemical composition. VIII. Titanium silicates: the crystal chemistry of mosandrite from type locality of Låven (Skådön), Langesundsfjorden, Larvik, Vestfold, Norway. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 887-897.
Bellezza, M., Merlino, S., Perchiazzi, N. (2009) Mosandrite: structural and crystal-chemical relationships with rinkite. Canadian Mineralogist 47, 897-908.

Internet Links for Mosandrite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Mosandrite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Huambo Province
    • Londuimbali
Amores-Casals, S.; Gonçalves, A.O.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Molist, J.M. (2020) Nb and REE Distribution in the Monte Verde Carbonatite–Alkaline–Agpaitic Complex (Angola). Minerals 10, 5.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
Canada
 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
GSC locality database
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Témiscamingue RCM
        • Les Lacs-du-Témiscamingue
Strübel, Zimmer: "Lexikon der Minerale", 2nd Ed., 1991; Kenneth L. Currie and Otto van Breemen (1996)The origin of rare minerals in the Kipawa syenite complex, western Quebec. Can Mineral 34:435-451
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
GRICE, J.D. (1989) Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Canada's Most Diverse Mineral Locality. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 100-108; 166-175.; SOKOLOVA, E., CÁMARA, F. (2008) From structure topology to chemical composition. VIII. Titanium silicates: the crystal chemistry of mosandrite from the type locality of Låven (Skådön), Langesundsfjorden, Larvik, Vestfold, Norway. Mineralogical Magazine, 72, 887-897.; BELLEZZA, M., MERLINO, S., PERCHIAZZI, N. (2009) Mosandrite: structural and crystal-chemical relationships with rinkite. Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 897-908. CÁMARA, F., SOKOLOVA, E., HAWTHORNE, F.C. (2011) From structure topology to chemical composition. XII. Titanium silicates: the crystal chemistry of rinkite, Na2Ca4REETi(Si2O7)OF3. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2755-2774.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Grice J D, Gault R A (1995) Varennesite, a new species of hydrated Na-Mn silicate with a unique monophyllosilicate structure, The Canadian Mineralogist 33, 1073-1081
    • Montréal
      • Montréal-Est
Horváth Collection - confirmed by XRD
Miller (1996), Canadian Mineralogist: 34:349-371; Salvi & Williams-Jones (1995); Am.Min.: 80:1031-1040; Miller (1990), Newfoundland Dept. of Mines & Energy Geol. Sur. Report 90-1: 171-182.; BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake mining district
Geol, Survey of Canada database
China
 
  • Hebei
    • Zhangjiakou
      • Yangyuan County
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China. Science Press (Beijing), pp. 226.
  • Liaoning
    • Dandong
      • Kuandian County
MOU, B., & YAN, G. (1992). Geological features of Triassic alkaline and subalkaline igneous complexes in the Yan-Liao area. ACTA GEOLOGICA SINICA-ENGLISH EDITION, 5(4), 339-355. Saima Deposit Research Group. (1978). Uranium deposit in the Saima alkaline massif, Northeast China. Sci. Sinica, 21, 365-389. Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Marks, M. A., Liu, Z. C., Zhou, Q., Ge, W. C., ... & Markl, G. (2010). In situ U–Pb, Sr, Nd and Hf isotopic analysis of eudialyte by LA-(MC)-ICP-MS. Chemical Geology, 273(1-2), 8-34. Wu, B., Wang, R. C., Yang, J. H., Wu, F. Y., Zhang, W. L., Gu, X. P., & Zhang, A. C. (2015). Wadeite (K2ZrSi3O9), an alkali-zirconosilicate from the Saima agpaitic rocks in northeastern China: Its origin and response to multi-stage activities of alkaline fluids. Lithos, 224, 126-142.
Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Le Puy-en-Velay
de Goer, A., & Mergoil, J. (1971). Structure et dynamique des édifices volcaniques tertiaires et quaternaires. In Symposium sur la géologie, la morphologie, et la structure profonde du Massif Central français (pp. 345-376). Maury, R. C., & Varet, J. (1980). Le volcanisme tertiaire et quaternaire de France. Géologie de la France, Mémoires du Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Miniéres, Paris, 107, 138-159. Liotard, J. M., Briot, D., & Boivin, P. (1988). Petrological and geochemical relationships between pyroxene megacrysts and associated alkali-basalts from Massif Central (France). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 98(1), 81-90. Brousse, R. & Lefevre, C. 1990. Le volcanisme en France et en Europe Limitrophe. Guides Géologiques Régionaux. Masson, Paris. Downes, H., Dupuy, C., & Leyreloup, A. F. (1990). Crustal evolution of the Hercynian belt of Western Europe: Evidence from lower-crustal granulitic xenoliths (French Massif Central). Chemical Geology, 83(3-4), 209-231. Mergoil, J., Boivin, P., Blès, J. L., Cantagrel, J. M., & Turland, M. (1993). Le Velay. Son volcanisme et les formations associées. Notice de la carte à 1/100 000. Géologie de la France, (3). Liotard, J. M., Dautria, J. M., & Cantagrel, J. M. (1995). Pétrogenèse des néphélinites de la région de Craponne-sur-Arzon (Nord-Velay): intervention possible d'un composant carbonatitique. Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. Série 2. Sciences de la terre et des planètes, 320(11), 1043-1050. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M. J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lamere, J. (2002). Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of terms; Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences. In Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous rocks. Cambridge University Press. Chazot, G., Bertrand, H., Mergoil, J., & SHEPPARD, S. M. (2003). Mingling of immiscible dolomite carbonatite and trachyte in tuffs from the Massif Central, France. Journal of Petrology, 44(10), 1917-1936. Wittig, N., Baker, J. A., & Downes, H. (2007). U–Th–Pb and Lu–Hf isotopic constraints on the evolution of sub-continental lithospheric mantle, French Massif Central. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 71(5), 1290-1311. Woodland, A. B., & Jugo, P. J. (2007). A complex magmatic system beneath the Deves volcanic field, Massif Central, France: evidence from clinopyroxene megacrysts. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(6), 719-731. Touron, S., Renac, C., O'Reilly, S. Y., Cottin, J. Y., & Griffin, W. L. (2008). Characterization of the metasomatic agent in mantle xenoliths from Deves, Massif Central (France) using coupled in situ trace-element and O, Sr and Nd isotopic compositions. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 293(1), 177-196. Paquette, J. L., & Mergoil-Daniel, J. (2009). Origin and U–Pb dating of zircon-bearing nepheline syenite xenoliths preserved in basaltic tephra (Massif Central, France). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158(2), 245-262. Valentini, L., Moore, K. R., & Chazot, G. (2010). Unravelling carbonatite–silicate magma interaction dynamics: a case study from the Velay province (Massif Central, France). Lithos, 116(1-2), 53-64. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.328
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Igaliku Complex
Finch, A. A., Goodenough, K. M., Salmon, H. M., & Andersen, T. (2001). The petrology and petrogenesis of the North Motzfeldt Centre, Gardar Province, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine, 65, 759-774.
Coulson, I. M. (1997). Post-magmatic alteration in eudialyte from the North Qoroq centre, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(1), 99-109.
    • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
  • Sermersooq
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Guinea
 
  • Conakry Region
Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Parodi, G. C., & Perchiazzi, N. (2012). Crystal Chemistry of Minerals of the Wöhlerite Group from the Los Archipelago, Guinea. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(3), 593-609.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Auenlandet
        • Sagåsen
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
      • Eidanger
        • Bergsbygda
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Risøya
Ragnar Hansen find 1975
        • Siktesøya
Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Arøyskjærene (Arøy skerries)
Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp (p.151)
        • Barkevik area
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Brøgger, W.C.(1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitegänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, p 86;Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
Brøgger,W.C.(1890):Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitegänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, XVI,663 pp; Sokolova, E. & Cámara, F. (2008): From structure topology to chemical composition. VIII. Titanium silicates: the crystal chemistry of mosandrite from type locality of Låven (Skådön), Langesundsfjorden, Larvik, Vestfold, Norway. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 887-897.
        • Stokkøya
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
      • Tvedalen
Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
Russia
 
  • Aldan Shield
    • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
[Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]
  • Buryatia
    • Mama River Basin
      • Maigunda River
Vladykin, N. V., & Sotnikova, I. A. (2017). Petrology, geochemistry and source characteristics of the Burpala alkaline massif, North Baikal. Geoscience Frontiers, 8(4), 711-719.
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
Zaitsev, V. A., Aksenov, S. M., Rastsvetaeva, R. K., & Chukanov, N. V. (2017). Sr-rich Eudialyte Group Mineral (Cl-deficient Analogues of Taseqite) from Odikhincha Massif, Polar Siberia, Russia. In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 319-321).
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # 1030
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
      • Kihlman Mountain
Pavel M. Kartashov data
PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
Khomyakov, A.P., Nechelyustov, G.N., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Rozenberg, K.A. (2008): Andrianovite, Na12(K,Sr,Ce)3Ca6Mn3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,H2O,OH)5-a new potassium-rich mineral of the eudialyte group from Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 137(2), 43-52. [English translation: Geology of Ore Deposits 50,705-712(2008)]
ZRMO 138(2),52-66(2009)
P.M. Kartashov data
Fersman A.E. Smol'yaninov N.A., Bonshtedt E.M. (1937) Minerals of Khibinskih and Lovozerskih tundras, - Moskow-Leningrad, AN SSSR publishers, p.563 (in Rus.)
      • Yukspor Mt
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Mineraly Khibinskih i Lovozerskih tundr, - under red. A.E. Fersman, 1937,pp.354-370
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
  • Tuva
    • Sangilen Upland
Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
South Africa
 
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Pilanesberg Alkaline Ring Complex
Minerals of South Africa
Sweden
 
  • Jönköping County
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
Thulin, H. (1996): Norra Kärr. Litiofilen 13: 17-51; Thulin, H. (2000): Norra Kärr-Några nya fynd och undersökningar. Litiofilen, 17 (2): 25-45
Thulin, H. (1996): Norra Kärr. Litiofilen 13: 17-51; Tranefors, H. & Olsson, K. (2017) Norra Kärr- ett återbesök och uppdatering från juni 2016. Litiofilen: 34: 7-10.
  • Uppsala County
    • Uppsala
      • Almunge
Quensel, P. (1912): Undersökningar öfver alkalisyeniten och nefelinsyenit-bergarterna i Almunge socken i Upland. GFF 34 (7), 695-700
Tajikistan
 
  • Districts of Republican Subordination
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
USA
 
  • Arkansas
Howard, 1987. Mineral Species of Arkansas, addenda
Howard, 1987. Mineral Species of Arkansas, addenda
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Moultonborough
Woolley, A.R. (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
      • Springer
        • Point of Rocks Mesa (Pecks Mesa)
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Otero Co.
      • Cornudas Mountains
 
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