SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo GalleriesSearch by Color今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography

Götzenite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About GötzeniteHide

04025640014947114912798.jpg
Count Gustav Adolf von Götzen
Formula:
NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Colour:
Very pale yellow, tan, off-white, colorless, white.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness:
5½ - 6
Specific Gravity:
3.03 - 3.14
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named for Gustav Adolf von Götzen (1866-1910), German traveler who was the first European to climb Mt. Shaheru, North Kivu, Zaire (in 1894, together with a German companion), the Type Locality for the species.
This page provides mineralogical data about Götzenite.


Classification of GötzeniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1957
9.BE.22

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
E : Si2O7 groups, with additional anions; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
Dana 7th ed.:
56.2.5.4
56.2.5.4

56 : SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
2 : Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
17.2.7

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
2 : Silicates with fluoride

Physical Properties of GötzeniteHide

Vitreous, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Very pale yellow, tan, off-white, colorless, white.
Comment:
Colorless in thin section (TL)
Streak:
White
Hardness:
5½ - 6 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {100}, good on {001}
Density:
3.03 - 3.14 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.84 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of GötzeniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.651 - 1.662 nβ = 1.653 - 1.665 nγ = 1.659 - 1.672
2V:
Measured: 38° to 74°, Calculated: 62° to 68°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.008 - 0.010
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of GötzeniteHide

Formula:
NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
IMA Formula:
Ca4NaCa2Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2

Crystallography of GötzeniteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.667 Å, b = 5.731 Å, c = 7.334 Å
α = 90°, β = 101.05°, γ = 101.31°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.687 : 1 : 1.28
Unit Cell V:
390.74 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Prismatic, acicular, skeletal.
Twinning:
Lamellar twinning on {001}
ubiquitous

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Hornfels and marble xenoliths

Type Occurrence of GötzeniteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
As prismatic crystals up to 0,5 mm long.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Smithsonian 142981
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Nephelinite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of GötzeniteHide

Other Language Names for GötzeniteHide

German:Götzenit
Simplified Chinese:氟硅钙钛矿
Spanish:Götzenita
Traditional Chinese:氟矽鈣鈦礦

Relationship of Götzenite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Batievaite-(Y)Y2Ca2Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)4Tric. 1 : P1
Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
GrenmariteNa4MnZr3(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : P2/b
Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3Mon.
Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2Mon.
Rinkite-(Y)Na2Ca4YTi(Si2O7)2OF3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
Roumaite(Ca,Na,REE,◻)7(Nb,Ti)[Si2O7]2OF3Mon. m : Bb
SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
8 photos of Götzenite associated with FluoriteCaF2
4 photos of Götzenite associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
3 photos of Götzenite associated with CalciteCaCO3
2 photos of Götzenite associated with Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
2 photos of Götzenite associated with NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
1 photo of Götzenite associated with PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
1 photo of Götzenite associated with AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
1 photo of Götzenite associated with Ancylite Group
1 photo of Götzenite associated with Eudialyte(Na3Na3Na3Na3Na3)Ca6(IVFe2+3)Zr3[Si3O9]2[Si9O27SiO][Si9O27SiO]Cl(H2O)
1 photo of Götzenite associated with AstrophylliteK2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.BE.BetalomonosoviteNa64Ti4(Si2O7)2[PO3OH][PO2(OH)2]O2(OF)Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.Batievaite-(Y)Y2Ca2Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.Delhuyarite-(Ce)Ce4Mg(Fe3+,W)3□(Si2O7)2O6(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.XAsimowiteFe2+4O(Si2O7)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma
9.BE.02WadsleyiteMg4O(Si2O7)Orth.
9.BE.05HennomartiniteSrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.05LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.BE.05NoelbensoniteBaMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.05ItoigawaiteSrAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.07IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.BE.07ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.10SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2OOrth.
9.BE.12JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
9.BE.15FresnoiteBa2Ti(Si2O7)OTet. 4mm : P4bm
9.BE.17BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2Mon.
9.BE.17BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
9.BE.17CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.17Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BE.17Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon.
9.BE.17NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OFMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2 : P21
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite INa4Ca8Zr2(Nb,Mn,Ti,Fe,Mg,Al)2(Si2O7)4O3F5
9.BE.17MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Mon. 2 : P21
9.BE.20Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.20Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3Mon.
9.BE.22Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.23DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.BE.25Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)Mon.
9.BE.25EricssoniteBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2Mon.
9.BE.25Ericssonite-2OBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth.
9.BE.25SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon.
9.BE.25NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m
9.BE.25GrenmariteNa4MnZr3(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : P2/b
9.BE.25SchülleriteBa2Na(Mn,Ca)(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.25LileyiteBa2(Na,Fe,Ca)3MgTi2(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25EmmerichiteBa2Na(Na,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Mg)Ti2(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25Fluorbarytolamprophyllite(Ba,Sr)2[(Na,Fe2+)3(Ti,Mg)F2][Ti2(Si2O7)2O2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.27MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2OTric.
9.BE.30EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2OTric.
9.BE.32LomonosoviteNa5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.35VuonnemiteNa11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)Tric.
9.BE.37SoboleviteNa13Ca2Mn2Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O3F3Mon. m : Pb
9.BE.40InneliteNa2CaBa4Ti3(Si2O7)2(SO4)2O4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.40PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2FTric.
9.BE.42YoshimuraiteBa2Mn2Ti(Si2O7)(PO4)O(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.45QuadruphiteNa14Ca2Ti4(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O2FTric.
9.BE.47PolyphiteNa5(Na4Ca2)Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)3O2F2Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.50BornemaniteNa6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.50ShkatulkaliteNa5(Nb1−xTix)2(Ti1−yMn2+y)[Si2O7]2O2(OH)2·nH2O (x + y = 0.5; n <= 10)Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.BE.55BafertisiteBa2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric.
9.BE.55HejtmaniteBa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric. 1
9.BE.55Bykovaite(Ba,Na,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(H2O,F,OH)2 · 3.5H2OMon. 2/m
9.BE.55Nechelyustovite(Ba,Sr,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(O,H2O,F)2 · 4.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.60Delindeite(Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
9.BE.65BusseniteNa2Ba2Fe2+Ti(Si2O7)(CO3)(OH)3FTric. 1 : P1
9.BE.67JinshajiangiteBaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FTric. 1 : P1
9.BE.67PerraultiteBaNaMn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70Karnasurtite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Th)(Ti,Nb)(Al,Fe)(Si2O7)(OH)4 · 3H2OAmor.
9.BE.70Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Strontiochevkinite(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon.
9.BE.70Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Polyakovite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70RengeiteSr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70MatsubaraiteSr4Ti5(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70UM2008-53-SiO:SrTiZrSr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.BE.70Hezuolinite(Sr,REE)4Zr(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.72FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3Tric.
9.BE.75BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12Hex.
9.BE.77NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2Hex.
9.BE.80KentrolitePb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
9.BE.80MelanotekitePb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
9.BE.82TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2Mon.
9.BE.85KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2Mon.
9.BE.87Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn2+3Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30Trig. 3 : P31
9.BE.90Biraite-(Ce)Ce2Fe2+(Si2O7)(CO3)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.92Cervandonite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti,Al)3O2(Si2O7)(As3+O3)(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.BE.95BatisiviteBaV3+8Ti6(Si2O7)O22Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

56.2.5.1Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
56.2.5.2Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3Mon.
56.2.5.3FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3Tric.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.2.1TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.2.2PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
17.2.3Leifite(Na,H2O)Na6[Be2Al2(Al,Si)Si15O39]F2Trig. 3m : P3m1
17.2.5Meliphanite(Ca,Na)2(Be,Al)[Si2O6(OH,F)]Tet. 4 : I4
17.2.6SarcoliteNa4Ca12Al8Si12O46(SiO4,PO4)(OH,H2O)4(CO3,Cl)Tet.
17.2.8Kuliokite-(Y)Y4Al(SiO4)2(OH)2F5Tric. 1 : P1
17.2.9Zinnwaldite
17.2.10MagbasiteKBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmma

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Easily soluble in hot diluted hydrochloric acid
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GötzeniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Sahama, T. G. & Hytönen, K. (1957) Götzenite and combeite, two new silicates from the Belgian Congo. Mineralogical Magazine 31: 503-510
Fleischer, M. (1958) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 43: 790-798
International Mineralogical Association (1962) International Mineralogical Association: Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 260-263
Cannillo, E., Mazzi, F. & Rossi, G. (1972) Crystal structure of gotzenite. Soviet Physics - Crystallography: 16 (6): 1026-1030
Christiansen, C.C., Johnsen, O., Makovicky, E. (2003) Crystal chemistry of the rosenbuschite group. The Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 1203-1224.
Sokolova, E. (2006) From structure topology to chemical composition. I. Structural hierarchy and stereochemistry in titanium disilicate minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1273.
Sokolova, E. & Camara, F. (2017): The seidozerite supergroup of TS-block minerals: nomenclature and classification, with change of the following names: rinkite to rinkite-(Ce), mosandrite to mosandrite-(Ce), hainite to hainite-(Y) and innelite-1T to innelite-1A. Mineralogical Magazine: 81 (in press)

Internet Links for GötzeniteHide

Localities for GötzeniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
Wallace et al. (1990) Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251; Wallace, G.M., Whalen, J.B. & Martin, R.F. (1990) Agpaitic and miaskitic nepheline syenites of the McGerrigle plutonic complex, Gaspé, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251-266.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
GRICE, J.D. (1989) Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Canada's Most Diverse Mineral Locality. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 100-108; 166-175.; HORVÁTH, L., GAULT, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 281-359.
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
    • Beni Territory
      • Bashu
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE— database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database [http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1139/].
    • Nyiragongo Territory
Andersen, T., Elburg, M. A., & Erambert, M. (2014). Extreme peralkalinity in delhayelite-and andremeyerite-bearing nephelinite from Nyiragongo volcano, East African Rift. Lithos, 206, 164-178.
Sahama, T. G. & Hytönen, K. (1957) Götzenite and combeite, two new silicates from the Belgian Congo. Mineralogical Magazine 31: 503-510; NJMM (2000), 496; Mineralogical Magazine 1957 31 : 698-699.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
        • Bötzingen
Weisenberger, T.B., Spürgin, S., Lahaye, Y. (2014): Hydrothermal alteration and zeolitization oft he Fohberg phonolite, Kaiserstuhl Volcanic Complex, Germany, International Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 103 (8). 2273-2300
Weisenberger, Tobias B. & Spürgin, Simon (2014) Hydrothermal phonolite alteration in the Kaiserstuhl Volcanic Complex, Germany. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz District
      • Mendig
        • Mendig
Blass, G., Götzenit als Neufund in einem sanidinitischen Auswürfling des Laacher-See-Vulkans, Mineralien-Welt 2/6, 76-78, 1991
Blass, G., Götzenit als Neufund in einem sanidinitischen Auswürfling des Laacher-See-Vulkans, Mineralien-Welt 2/6, 76-78, 1991
          • Wingertsberg
Blass, G., Götzenit als Neufund in einem sanidinitischen Auswürfling des Laacher-See-Vulkans, Mineralien-Welt 2/6, 76-78, 1991
      • Pellenz
        • Kruft
Blass, G., Götzenit als Neufund in einem sanidinitischen Auswürfling des Laacher-See-Vulkans, Mineralien-Welt 2/6, 76-78, 1991
    • Vulkaneifel District
      • Daun
        • Oberstadtfeld
Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Aksenov, S.M., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Verin, I.A. (2014): Iron-rich schüllerite from Kahlenberg (Eifel, Germany): Crystal structure and relation to lamprophyllite-group minerals. Crystallography Reports, Vol. 59, pp. 867-873.
        • Schalkenmehren
[MinRec 32:499]
        • Üdersdorf
Hentschel, G., Die Minerale der Üdersdorfer Lava, Lapis, Weise Verlag, München, 11/1989
      • Gerolstein
        • Gerolstein
          • Roth
Blaß, G. & Schüller, W. (2012): Der Rother Kopf in der Vulkaneifel. Lapis, 37 (3), 20-29.; Aksenov, S. M., Rastsvetaeva, R. K., & Chukanov, N. V. (2014). The crystal structure of emmerichite Ва 2Na 3Fe 3+ Ti 2 (Si 2O 7) 2O 2F 2, a new lamprophyllite-group mineral. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie–Crystalline Materials, 229(1), 1-7.
        • Hillesheim
Chukanov, N. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Belakovskiy, D. I., Schüller, W., Ternes, B., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2013). Hillesheimite,(K, Ca,□) 2 (Mg, Fe, Ca,□) 2 [(Si, Al) 13O23 (OH) 6](OH)· 8H2O, a new phyllosilicate mineral of the Günterblassite group. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(7), 549-557.
        • Walsdorf
Hohn, G., Leu, K. (2015): Mineralien vom Goßberg bei Walsdorf, Eifel.- Lapis, 40 (Nr. 11), S. 30-36 + 54.
Greenland
 
  • Sermersooq
Christiansen, C.C. & Johnsen, O. (2003): Crystal chemistry of the Rosenbuschite group. Canadian Mineralogist. 41: 1203-1224
Christiansen, C. C., Gault, R. A., Grice, J. D., Johnsen, O. (2003): Kochite, a new member of the rosenbuschite group from the Werner Bjerge alkaline complex, East Greenland. European Journal of Mineralogy. 15, 551-554
Italy
 
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
      • Ariccia
in the collection of Christof Schäfer
    • Rieti Province
      • Rieti
        • Santa Rufina
Conticelli, S., D’antonio, M., Pinarelli, L., & Civetta, L. (2002). Source contamination and mantle heterogeneity in the genesis of Italian potassic and ultrapotassic volcanic rocks: Sr–Nd–Pb isotope data from Roman Province and Southern Tuscany. Mineralogy and Petrology, 74(2-4), 189-222. Cundari, A., & Ferguson, A. K. (1991). Petrogenetic relationships between melilitite and lamproite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(3), 343-357. Isakova, A. T., Panina, L. I., & Stoppa, F. (2017). Genesis of kalsilite melilitite at Cupaello, Central Italy: Evidence from melt inclusions. Petrology, 25(4), 433-447. Sabatini, V. (1903). La pirossenite melilitica di Coppaeli. Boll. R. Com. geol. Ital., 34, 376. Stoppa, F., & Cundari, A. (1995). A new Italian carbonatite occurrence at Cupaello (Rieti) and its genetic significance. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 122(3), 275-288. Villa, I., Serva, L., & Quercioli, C. (1991). Verso una datazione della lava di Cupaello (Rieti). Plinius, 4, 102-103.
  • Umbria
    • Perugia Province
      • Spoleto
Stoppa, F., & Schiazza, M. (2014). Extreme chemical conditions of crystallisation of Umbrian Melilitolites and wealth of rare, late stage/hydrothermal minerals. Central European Journal of Geosciences, 6(4), 549-564.
    • Terni Province
      • San Venanzo
Stoppa, F., Sharygin, V.V., and Cundari, A. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 61, 27-45.; F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402; Bellezza, M., Merlino, S. and Perchiazzi, N. (2004): Chemical and structural study of the Zr,Ti-disilicates in the venanzite from Pian di Celle, Umbria, Italy. Eur. J. Mineral. 16, 957-969.; Stoppa, F., & Schiazza, M. (2014). Extreme chemical conditions of crystallisation of Umbrian Melilitolites and wealth of rare, late stage/hydrothermal minerals. Central European Journal of Geosciences, 6(4), 549-564.; Conticelli, S., D’antonio, M., Pinarelli, L., & Civetta, L. (2002). Source contamination and mantle heterogeneity in the genesis of Italian potassic and ultrapotassic volcanic rocks: Sr–Nd–Pb isotope data from Roman Province and Southern Tuscany. Mineralogy and Petrology, 74(2-4), 189-222. Cundari, A., & Ferguson, A. K. (1991). Petrogenetic relationships between melilitite and lamproite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(3), 343-357. Laurenzi, M., Stoppa, F., & Villa, I. (1994). Eventi ignei monogenici e depositi piroclastici nel Distretto Ultra-alcalino Umbro-Laziale (ULUD): revisione, aggiornamento e comparazione dei dati cronologici. Plinius, 12, 61-65. Panina, L. I., Stoppa, F., & Usol tseva, L. M. (2003). Genesis of melilitite rocks of Pian di Celle volcano, Umbrian kamafugite province, Italy: evidence from melt inclusions in minerals. PETROLOGY C/C OF PETROLOGIIA, 11(4), 365-382. Sabatini, V. (1899). I vulcani di San Venanzo. Riv Miner Cristal It, 22, 3-12. Stoppa, F. (1996). The San Venanzo maar and tuff ring, Umbria, Italy: eruptive behaviour of a carbonatite-melilitite volcano. Bulletin of Volcanology, 57(7), 563-577. Stoppa, F., Rukhlov, A. S., Bell, K., Schiazza, M., & Vichi, G. (2014). Lamprophyres of Italy: early Cretaceous alkaline lamprophyres of southern Tuscany, Italy. Lithos, 188, 97-112. Stoppa, F., Sharygin, V. V., & Cundari, A. (1997). New mineral data from the kamafugitecarbonatite association: the melilitolite from Pian di Celle, Italy. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 27-45.; Conticelli, S., D’antonio, M., Pinarelli, L., & Civetta, L. (2002). Source contamination and mantle heterogeneity in the genesis of Italian potassic and ultrapotassic volcanic rocks: Sr–Nd–Pb isotope data from Roman Province and Southern Tuscany. Mineralogy and Petrology, 74(2-4), 189-222. Cundari, A., & Ferguson, A. K. (1991). Petrogenetic relationships between melilitite and lamproite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(3), 343-357. Laurenzi, M., Stoppa, F., & Villa, I. (1994). Eventi ignei monogenici e depositi piroclastici nel Distretto Ultra-alcalino Umbro-Laziale (ULUD): revisione, aggiornamento e comparazione dei dati cronologici. Plinius, 12, 61-65. Panina, L. I., Stoppa, F., & Usol tseva, L. M. (2003). Genesis of melilitite rocks of Pian di Celle volcano, Umbrian kamafugite province, Italy: evidence from melt inclusions in minerals. PETROLOGY C/C OF PETROLOGIIA, 11(4), 365-382. Sabatini, V. (1899). I vulcani di San Venanzo. Riv Miner Cristal It, 22, 3-12. Stoppa, F. (1996). The San Venanzo maar and tuff ring, Umbria, Italy: eruptive behaviour of a carbonatite-melilitite volcano. Bulletin of Volcanology, 57(7), 563-577. Stoppa, F., Rukhlov, A. S., Bell, K., Schiazza, M., & Vichi, G. (2014). Lamprophyres of Italy: early Cretaceous alkaline lamprophyres of southern Tuscany, Italy. Lithos, 188, 97-112. Stoppa, F., Sharygin, V. V., & Cundari, A. (1997). New mineral data from the kamafugitecarbonatite association: the melilitolite from Pian di Celle, Italy. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 27-45.
Kenya
 
  • Homa Bay County
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World, Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 pages. USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Morocco
 
  • Béni Mellal-Khénifra Region
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
KHADEM ALLAH, B., FONTAN, F., KADAR, M., MONCHOUX, P. & SØRENSEN, H. (1998): Reactions between agpaitic nepheline syenitic melts and sedimentary carbonate rocks, exemplified by the Tamazeght complex, Morocco. Geokhimiya 7, 643-655.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
      • Aris
KOLLER, F., ŠKODA, R., PALFI, A.G. & POPP, F. (2013) Phonolites of the Aris and Rehoboth areas, Central Namibia. Abstract, Mineralogical and Petrological Conference MinPet 2013, Bratislava. 40.; Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
Norway
 
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Barkevik area
Eldjarn, K. (1983): Mineraler fra Syenitt-Pegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. NAGS-nytt 10 (2): 4-41
Romania
 
  • Harghita
Hirtopanu, P. (2006). One hundred minerals for one hundred years (dedicated to the Centennial of the Geological Institute of Romania). In 3rd Conference on Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians, Miskolc Hungary. Acta Mineralogica–Petrographica, Abstract series (Vol. 5, p. 86).
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
      • Eveslogchorr Mt
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha region
    • Ngorongoro District
Zaitsev, A. N., Marks, M. A. W., Wenzel, T., Spratt, J., Sharygin, V. V., Strekopytov, S., & Markl, G. (2012). Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrology of the phonolitic to nephelinitic Sadiman volcano, Crater Highlands, Tanzania. Lithos, 152, 66-83.
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk Oblast
Kryvdik S. G. · Sharygin V. V. · Gatsenko V. O. · Lunev E. S. (2016) Foid minerals from malignites of the Pokrovo-Kireevo massif (Azov Sea region, Ukraine)
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2020年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2020.9.20 13:24:08 Page generated: 2020.8.2 13:24:57
Go to top of page