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Chloroxiphite

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About ChloroxiphiteHide

Formula:
Pb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Colour:
Dull olive green
Lustre:
Adamantine, Resinous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
6.76 - 6.93
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
From the Greek χλωρός, green and ζιφος, a blade or sword, in allusion to its color and crystal habit.
This page provides mineralogical data about Chloroxiphite.


Classification of ChloroxiphiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
3.DB.30

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
B : With Pb, Cu, etc.
10.6.4.1

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
6 : AmBn(O,OH)pXq
8.8.15

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
8 : Halides of Pb

Pronounciation of ChloroxiphiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of ChloroxiphiteHide

Adamantine, Resinous
Colour:
Dull olive green
Streak:
Light green yellow
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {_101} perfect; {100} distinct.
Density:
6.76 - 6.93 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.07 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ChloroxiphiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 2.160 nβ = 2.240 nγ = 2.250
2V:
Measured: 70° , Calculated: 36°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.090
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
extreme
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X ≈ perpendicular to {_101}
Y = brown
Z = b = green

Chemical Properties of ChloroxiphiteHide

Formula:
Pb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2

Crystallography of ChloroxiphiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.6972(8) Å, b = 5.7538(5) Å, c = 10.4686(14) Å
β = 97.747(10)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.164 : 1 : 1.819
Unit Cell V:
399.72 ų
Morphology:
Crystals bladed, elongated [010] and flattened {_101}. Subparallel groups. {_101} roughly striated [010].

Type Occurrence of ChloroxiphiteHide

Synonyms of ChloroxiphiteHide

Other Language Names for ChloroxiphiteHide

Simplified Chinese:绿铜铅矿
Traditional Chinese:綠銅鉛礦

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
33 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with MendipitePb3Cl2O2
13 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
10 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with MereheaditePb47Cl25(OH)13O24(CO3)(BO3)2
9 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with CredneriteCuMnO2
9 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
4 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with CerussitePbCO3
4 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with CalciteCaCO3
3 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with ParkinsonitePb7MoO9Cl2
1 photo of Chloroxiphite associated with HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DB.RickturneritePb7O4[Mg(OH)4](OH)Cl3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DB.05DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4Tet. 4mm : P4mm
3.DB.10PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DB.15BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
3.DB.20CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DB.25BideauxitePb2AgCl3(F,OH)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.DB.35HematophanitePb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
3.DB.40AsisitePb7SiO9Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DB.40ParkinsonitePb7MoO9Cl2Tet.
3.DB.45MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.DB.50YedlinitePb6Cr3+Cl6(O,OH,H2O)8Trig. 3 : R3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.8.1AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6Trig.
8.8.2MatlockitePbFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.8.3LaurelitePb7F12Cl2Hex. 6 : P6
8.8.4CotunnitePbCl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.8.5MendipitePb3Cl2O2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.8.6DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2Orth. mm2 : Pmc21
8.8.7LaurionitePbCl(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.8.8ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.8.9PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
8.8.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m
8.8.11BlixitePb8O5(OH)2Cl4Orth.
8.8.12PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4Orth.
8.8.13DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4Tet. 4mm : P4mm
8.8.14PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
8.8.17BideauxitePb2AgCl3(F,OH)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
8.8.18BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
8.8.19AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2OTric.
8.8.20YedlinitePb6Cr3+Cl6(O,OH,H2O)8Trig. 3 : R3
8.8.21KolaritePbTeCl2Orth.
8.8.22HematophanitePb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in nitric acid.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ChloroxiphiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Spencer (1923) Mineralogical Magazine: 20: 76.
American Mineralogist (1924): 9: 96.
Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged
Mineralogical Magazine: 41: 357-361.
Slidra, O.I., S.V.Krivivichev, R.W. Turner, & M.S. Rumsey (2008). Chloroxiphite Pb3CuO2(OH)2Cl2: structure refinement and description in terms of oxocentred OPb4 tetrahedra. Mineralogical Magazine 72(3), 793-798(2008)

Internet Links for ChloroxiphiteHide

Localities for ChloroxiphiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China
 
  • Xinjiang
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Yizhou District
http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1060/PorCu.txt
Germany
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Mansfeld Basin
      • Hettstedt
Knoll,H. (2003). Chlorixiphit, Calumetit, Boleit und Kassiterit aus dem Mansfelder Kupferschiefer. (Bem. Eigenfund) Lapis, Jg.28, Nr.11, S.42-43.
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
          • Thorikos area
Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelaude etc.
UK
 
  • England
    • Bristol
      • Westbury on Trym
BMS Database
    • Cornwall
      • Crantock
BMS Newsletter 79, March 2010 (http://britishmicromountsociety.homestead.com/Gannell-Smelter.html)
    • Somerset
      • Mendip
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 57.
        • Cranmore
Symes, R.F. (1977) Datolite and apophyllite from the Mendips. Mineralogical Magazine: 41 (319): 410-411.; Turner, R.W. (2006) A mechanism for the formation of the mineralised Mn deposits at Merehead Quarry, Cranmore, Somerset, England. Mineralogical Magazine: 70 (6): 629-653.; Siidra, O.I., Krivovichev, S.V., Turner, R.W., and Rumsey, M.S.(2008) Chloroxiphite Pb3CuO2(OH)2Cl2 structure refinement and description in terms of oxocentered OPb4 tetrahedra. Mineralogical Magazine: 72: 793-798.; Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010): Mineral relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society: 13: 3-46.;
        • Nunney
BMS Database
        • Priddy
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 83, 85; Mineralogical Magazine (1923): 20, 67-92 (the mineral 75-77); Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"] [MinRec 27:253]
 
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