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Pseudoboleite

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About PseudoboleiteHide

Formula:
Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Colour:
Indigo blue, green-blue
Lustre:
Vitreous, Pearly
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
4.85
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
From the Greek "false" and boleite.
Closely related to boleite on which it may form epitaxial overgrowths.

See also the related blue Pb-Cu-chlorides diaboleite and cumengeite.


Classification of PseudoboleiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
3.DB.10

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
B : With Pb, Cu, etc.
10.6.8.1

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
6 : AmBn(O,OH)pXq
8.8.14

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
8 : Halides of Pb

Physical Properties of PseudoboleiteHide

Vitreous, Pearly
Transparency:
Translucent
Comment:
Pearly on cleavages.
Colour:
Indigo blue, green-blue
Streak:
Light green
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {001}, nearly perfect on {101}
Density:
4.85 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.07 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PseudoboleiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 2.030 nε = 2.000
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.030
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of PseudoboleiteHide

Formula:
Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48

Crystallography of PseudoboleiteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
I4/mmm
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.24(2) Å, c = 30.74(5) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.017
Unit Cell V:
7,139.60 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Rarely single crystals (pseudo-cubic, thick tabular). Commonly epitaxial overgrowths on boleite with mutually parallel {001}.

Epitaxial Relationships of PseudoboleiteHide

Epitaxial Minerals:
BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.43 Å(100)
3.83 Å(100)
2.707 Å(95)
2.551 Å(60)
2.389 Å(60)
2.334 Å(65)
1.990 Å(60)

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Secondary mineral of lead deposits. Smelter slag immersed in seawater.

Type Occurrence of PseudoboleiteHide

Other Language Names for PseudoboleiteHide

Simplified Chinese:水氯铜铅矿
Traditional Chinese:水氯銅鉛礦

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
39 photos of Pseudoboleite associated with BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
12 photos of Pseudoboleite associated with CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
6 photos of Pseudoboleite associated with ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
4 photos of Pseudoboleite associated with PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
4 photos of Pseudoboleite associated with AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
4 photos of Pseudoboleite associated with ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
3 photos of Pseudoboleite associated with ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5
3 photos of Pseudoboleite associated with UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
3 photos of Pseudoboleite associated with SeeligeritePb3(IO3)OCl3
3 photos of Pseudoboleite associated with PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DB.RickturneritePb7O4[Mg(OH)4](OH)Cl3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DB.05DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4Tet. 4mm : P4mm
3.DB.15BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
3.DB.20CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DB.25BideauxitePb2AgCl3(F,OH)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.DB.30ChloroxiphitePb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
3.DB.35HematophanitePb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
3.DB.40AsisitePb7SiO9Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DB.40ParkinsonitePb7MoO9Cl2Tet.
3.DB.45MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.DB.50YedlinitePb6Cr3+Cl6(O,OH,H2O)8Trig. 3 : R3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.8.1AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6Trig.
8.8.2MatlockitePbFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.8.3LaurelitePb7F12Cl2Hex. 6 : P6
8.8.4CotunnitePbCl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.8.5MendipitePb3Cl2O2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.8.6DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2Orth. mm2 : Pmc21
8.8.7LaurionitePbCl(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.8.8ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.8.9PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
8.8.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m
8.8.11BlixitePb8O5(OH)2Cl4Orth.
8.8.12PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4Orth.
8.8.13DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4Tet. 4mm : P4mm
8.8.15ChloroxiphitePb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.8.17BideauxitePb2AgCl3(F,OH)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
8.8.18BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
8.8.19AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2OTric.
8.8.20YedlinitePb6Cr3+Cl6(O,OH,H2O)8Trig. 3 : R3
8.8.21KolaritePbTeCl2Orth.
8.8.22HematophanitePb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in HNO3.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PseudoboleiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Lacroix (1895) Bull. musée hist. naturelle, Paris: 39.
Friedel (1906) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 29: 14.
Gossner and Arm (1929) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 72: 202.
Friedel (1930) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 73: 154.
Gossner (1930) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 75: 365.
Hocart (1930) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 74: 21.
Giuseppetti, G., Mazzi, F. & Tadini, C. (1992): The crystal structure of pseudoboleite: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48; its relations with the structures of boleite and cumengeite. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh. 1992: 113-126.
American Mineralogist (1992): 77: 1308.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1997) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume III. Halides, Hydroxides, Oxides. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 628pp.: 452.

Internet Links for PseudoboleiteHide

Localities for PseudoboleiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Hüttenberg
        • Hüttenberg
          • Waitschach
U. Kolitsch and H. Pristacz (2009): An orthorhombic dimorph of barstowite, Pb4Cl6(CO3)•H2O, from slags at Maria Waitschach, Austria, and Lavrion, Greece. Poster, Joint MinPet 2009 and 4th MSCC, Budapest, Hungary, September 7-11; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 83.; Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Antofagasta
Arfè, G., Boni, M., Mondillo, N., Aiello, R., Balassone, G., Arseneau, V. and Soyk, D. (2016): Supergene alteration in the Capricornio Au-Ag epithermal vein system, Antofagasta Region, Chile. Can. Mineral. 54, 681-706.
      • Sierra Gorda
        • Caracoles
Handbook of Mineralogy
Collected by Terry Szenic and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
maurizio dini collection - analysed material
Mr. Terry Szenics.
Rob Lavinky samples; analysed by XRD methods in USA
  • Tarapacá
    • Iquique Province
      • Santa Rosa-Huantajaya District
SEM-EDS by Joy Desor
    • Tamarugal Province
      • Challacollo
maurzi; Schluter, J., Pohl, D., & Britvin, S. (2005). The new mineral challacolloite, KPb2Cl5, the natural occurrence of a technically known laser material. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen, 182(1), 95-101.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion mining district
          • Km 3
            • Kaminiza
No reference listed
          • Sounion
            • Cato Sounio mines
Rieck, B. & Wendel, W. (1999): Plaka – Sounion Top aktuell: Die Funde vom Frühjahr 1999. Lapis 24 (7-8), 77-78.; J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
          • Agios Nikolaos [St Nicholas] area
Fritz Schreiber collection (SXRD-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch)
          • Sounion area
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
ko jansen
          • Thorikos area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Vrissaki area
Pascal Chollet collection (visual ID by Uwe Kolitsch, by comparison to SXRD-analysed specimens)
Iran
 
  • Isfahan Province
    • Nain County
      • Anarak District
Bariand, P. 1963. Contribution à la minéralogie de l’lran. Bulletin de la Société Française de minéralogie et de cristallographie, 86: 17-64. Bariand, P. 2003. Un apercu général sur la Minéralogie de I'Iran. Le Règne Minéral, 54: 41-51.
Italy
 
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
      • Anzio
Marco Bonifazi collection (typical twinning)
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Genoa
        • Varenna Valley
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
  • Sardinia
    • Sassari Province
      • Sassari
Ara D., Sanna L., Rossi A., Galli E., De Waele J. (2013): Minerali secondari in ambiente sotterraneo: la miniera dell’Argentiera (Sardegna nord-occidentale). In: Cucchi F., Gudi P. (eds.), Atti del XXI Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia “Diffusione delle conoscenze”, Sessione Attività di esplorazione e ricerca. Trieste 2-5 giugno 2011. Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 290-295.
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Sarrabus-Gerrei
        • Gerrei
          • Villaputzu
Campostrini, I., Gramaccioli, C.M., Demartin, F. (1999): Orlandiite, Pb3Cl4(SeO3)•H2O, a new mineral species, and an associated lead-copper selenite chloride from the Baccu Locci mine, Sardinia, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 1017-0145.; Campostrini, I., Gramaccioli, C. M. and Demartin, F. (1999): Orlandiite, Pb3Cl4(SeO3)3•H2O, a new mineral species, and an associated lead-copper selenite chloride from the Baccu Locci mine, Sardinia, Italy. Can. Mineral. 37, 1493-1498
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Betti, C. & Mangoni, G. (2014): Minerali d'argento della Toscana meridionale. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 38(1), 8-24.
    • Livorno Province
      • Piombino
Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N. (1992): I minerali delle scorie ferrifere etrusche di Baratti (Livorno). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 99, 43-77.
Mexico (TL)
 
  • Baja California Sur
    • Mulegé Municipality
      • Santa Rosalía
Bull. Mus. d'Hist. Nat. Paris (1889): 1, 39; MinRec 29:43; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 79, 81.
          • Arroyo de la Soledad
2009 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
          • Arroyo del Boleo
Panczner(1987):92-350.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Crantock
BMS Newsletter 79, March 2010 (http://britishmicromountsociety.homestead.com/Gannell-Smelter.html)
      • Newquay
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 49 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Painted Rock Mountains
        • Painted Rock Mining District
          • Theba
Michael Cline collection
    • Pima Co.
      • Sierrita Mountains
        • Pima Mining District (Olive Mining District; Mineral Hill Mining District; Twin Buttes Mining District)
          • San Xavier
            • Mission complex
              • Mineral Hill
                • Mineral Hill Mines (Azurite group; Old Azurite Mine; Copper Glance Mine)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 183, 336; Williams, S.A. (1961), Gerhardtite from the Daisy shaft, Mineral Hill mine, Pima Co., AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 123.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mammoth Mining District
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 336; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181; Palache, C. (1941b), Diaboleite from Mammoth mine, Tiger, AZ, Am.Min.: 26: 605-612.
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Silver Lake Mining District
        • Soda Mountains
          • Baker
            • Otto Mountain
PXRD analyzed by Tony Kampf.
  • New Mexico
    • Hidalgo Co.
      • Pyramid Mountains
        • Lordsburg District
          • Lordsburg
            • Virginia District
Jerry Cone Collection
  • Washington
    • Pierce Co.
      • Tacoma
        • Ruston
Washington Geology, vol.25, no. 3, September 1997.
 
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