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Diaboleite

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About DiaboleiteHide

Formula:
Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Colour:
Blue
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
5.41 - 5.43
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
From Greek διά, "Dia", apart or distinct from, in allusion to its difference from boleite.
May be confused with cumengeite.


Classification of DiaboleiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
3.DB.05

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
B : With Pb, Cu, etc.
Dana 7th ed.:
10.6.1.1
10.6.1.1

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
6 : AmBn(O,OH)pXq
8.8.13

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
8 : Halides of Pb

Physical Properties of DiaboleiteHide

Adamantine
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Blue
Streak:
Blue
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {001}, not easy.
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
5.41 - 5.43 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.48 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of DiaboleiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.980 nε = 1.850
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.130
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of DiaboleiteHide

Formula:
Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
IMA Formula:
CuPb2Cl2(OH)4

Crystallography of DiaboleiteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4mm - Ditetragonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
P4mm
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.86 Å, c = 5.49 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.937
Unit Cell V:
188.52 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals tabular {001}, with a square outline. The crystals are hemimorphic; the large base is negative; the positive pedion is lacking or is very small with a somewhat curved surface. Subparallel groups of thin plates. Rarely tetragonal prisms.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.51 Å(10)
3.305 Å(9)
2.283 Å(10)
2.929 Å(8)
2.580 Å(9)
1.755 Å(9)
1.537 Å(9)

Type Occurrence of DiaboleiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Oxidized iron and manganese ores.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for DiaboleiteHide

German:Diaboleit
Simplified Chinese:羟氯铜铅矿
Spanish:Diaboleita
Traditional Chinese:羥氯銅鉛礦

Relationship of Diaboleite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
20 photos of Diaboleite associated with CerussitePbCO3
13 photos of Diaboleite associated with WherryitePb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2
13 photos of Diaboleite associated with ChloroxiphitePb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
12 photos of Diaboleite associated with MendipitePb3Cl2O2
9 photos of Diaboleite associated with LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
7 photos of Diaboleite associated with HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
7 photos of Diaboleite associated with CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
7 photos of Diaboleite associated with PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
4 photos of Diaboleite associated with YedlinitePb6Cr3+Cl6(O,OH,H2O)8
4 photos of Diaboleite associated with MatlockitePbFCl

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DB.RickturneritePb7O4[Mg(OH)4](OH)Cl3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DB.10PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DB.15BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
3.DB.20CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DB.25BideauxitePb2AgCl3(F,OH)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.DB.30ChloroxiphitePb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
3.DB.35HematophanitePb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
3.DB.40AsisitePb7SiO9Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DB.40ParkinsonitePb7MoO9Cl2Tet.
3.DB.45MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.DB.50YedlinitePb6Cr3+Cl6(O,OH,H2O)8Trig. 3 : R3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.8.1AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6Trig.
8.8.2MatlockitePbFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.8.3LaurelitePb7F12Cl2Hex. 6 : P6
8.8.4CotunnitePbCl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.8.5MendipitePb3Cl2O2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.8.6DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2Orth. mm2 : Pmc21
8.8.7LaurionitePbCl(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.8.8ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.8.9PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
8.8.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m
8.8.11BlixitePb8O5(OH)2Cl4Orth.
8.8.12PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4Orth.
8.8.14PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
8.8.15ChloroxiphitePb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.8.17BideauxitePb2AgCl3(F,OH)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
8.8.18BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
8.8.19AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2OTric.
8.8.20YedlinitePb6Cr3+Cl6(O,OH,H2O)8Trig. 3 : R3
8.8.21KolaritePbTeCl2Orth.
8.8.22HematophanitePb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Completely soluble in nitric acid.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for DiaboleiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Spencer and Mountain (1923) Mineralogical Magazine: 20: 78.
American Mineralogist (1924): 9: 97.
Palache, C. (1941) American Mineralogist: 26: 605.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 82-83.
Rouse, R. C. (1971): The crystal chemistry of diaboleite. Zeitschrift fuer Kristallographie 134, 69-80.
Cooper, M. A. and Hawthorne, F. C. (1995): Diaboleite, Pb2Cu(OH)(4)Cl2, a defect perovskite structure with stereoactive lone-pair behavior of Pb2+. Canadian Mineralogist: 33, 1125-1129.
Alexander A. Tsirlin, Oleg Janson, Stefan Lebernegg, Helge Rosner (2013): Square-lattice magnetism of diaboleite Pb2Cu(OH)4Cl2. Phys. Rev. B 87, 064404. [http://arxiv.org/abs/1212.1837v2]

Internet Links for DiaboleiteHide

Localities for DiaboleiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Clarendon
Kolitsch, U. and Elliott, P. (1999): Mineralogy of the Mount Malvern Mine near Clarendon, South Australia. Australian J. Mineral. 5, 3-17.
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
[Mandarino, 1997]. Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
Ashburtonite, a new bicarbonate-silicate mineral from Ashburton Downs; J.D. Grice, E.H. Nickel, R.A. Gault; American Mineralogist, Vol 76, 001701-1707, 1991
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Hüttenberg
        • Hüttenberg
          • Waitschach
U. Kolitsch and H. Pristacz (2009): An orthorhombic dimorph of barstowite, Pb4Cl6(CO3)•H2O, from slags at Maria Waitschach, Austria, and Lavrion, Greece. Poster, Joint MinPet 2009 and 4th MSCC, Budapest, Hungary, September 7-11; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 83.; Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Cerro Palestina
        • Estación Cerro Negro
          • Magallanes district
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
Peebles F./Ruiz Fuller C.(1988); "Yacimientos Metalíferos de Chile", Fondecyt, Stgo. de Chile.
      • Cuevitas
        • San Cristóbal
Sample from the collection of Copiapó School of Mine
      • Sierra Gorda
        • Caracoles
V. Sapienza collection
V. Sapienza collection
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
M. Dini specimens
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
collected and analysed by french mineralogist Remy Phillippe
      • Taltal
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cachiyuyo de Llampos district
Robert Jenkins collections; material analysed by Mr. Jenkins
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
http://www.mine-capgaronne.fr/site/Mineraux/ListeMineraux.html
Jean-Marie Claude collection
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
van den Berg, W. & van Loon, C. (1990): Slag Minerals from the Rammelsberg, Harz Mountains, Germany. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 8, 18-23.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • The Ruhr
      • Essen
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Greece
 
No reference listed
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
No reference listed
          • Sounion area
            • Sounion Mines
Rieck, B. & Wendel, W. (1999): Plaka – Sounion Top aktuell: Die Funde vom Frühjahr 1999. Lapis 24 (7-8), 77-78.; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Rewitzer, C. & Hochleitner, R. (1982): Neue und alte Schlackenmineralien. Lapis 7 (6), 17.; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
          • Agios Nikolaos [St Nicholas] area
Fritz Schreiber collection (SXRD-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch)
          • Passa Limani area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Sounion area
Fritz Schreiber Collection
Ko Jansen collection
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Thorikos area
Christian Rewitzer collection
          • Vrissaki area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Iran
 
  • Isfahan Province
    • Nain County
      • Anarak District
S. Weiß: Lapis 29(12):38-39 (2004); Bariand, P. 1963. Contribution à la minéralogie de l’lran. Bulletin de la Société Française de minéralogie et de cristallographie, 86: 17-64. Bariand, P. 2003. Un apercu général sur la Minéralogie de I'Iran. Le Règne Minéral, 54: 41-51.
P. Bariand and P. Herpin, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minér. Crist. , 1963, LXXXVI, pp. 133-135.
  • Yazd Province
    • Nayband (Neyband)
Encyclopedia of Minerals, 2nd. edition: 224.
Italy
 
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
      • Anzio
Marco Bonifazi collection
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Genoa
        • Varenna Valley
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Int. Assoc. of Collectors of Slag Minerals, 10 (2), 4-6.
http://www.comune.pisa.it/apsn/Articoli/Scorie/Capattoli.htm
        • Sassetta
          • Canina Valley
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
        • Suvereto
Luigi Chiappino data
      • Piombino
Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N. (1992): I minerali delle scorie ferrifere etrusche di Baratti (Livorno). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 99, 43-77; Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N., Bartoli, M.L., Chiappino, L. (1992): Baratti (LI): una nuova località mineralogica italiana analoga al Laurion. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 15, 1 (1-1992), 1-14 [1a parte]; Cerutti, G., Preite, D. (1995): Mineralien der etruskischen Schlacken von Baratti, Toskana. Lapis, 20, 4, 13-18 and 50.
Portugal
 
  • Beja
    • Castro Verde
      • Castro Verde
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape
    • Namakwa
Minerals of South Africa
T. Q. Meyer, W. A. van der Westhuizen, G. J. Beukes, H. de Bruiyn and A. E. Schoch (1986) An Occurrence of the Hydrous Lead-Copper-Iron Silicate Creaseyite in South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 50:346-348
Spain
 
  • Asturias
    • Vegadeo
      • Meredo
        • Bedures hill (Vidures hill)
Calvo Rebollar, M. and Viñals i Olia, J. (2018). Cotunnita, cumengeita, diaboleita y otros minerales secundarios de plomo y cobre en la mina "La Reixidora", Monte Bedures, Meredo, Vegadeo (Asturias). Revista de Minerales, 7 (1), 26-30.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Crantock
BMS Newsletter 79, March 2010 (http://britishmicromountsociety.homestead.com/Gannell-Smelter.html)
      • Padstow
        • Gunver Head
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • St Minver
        • Trebetherick
No reference listed
    • Somerset
      • Mendip
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 57.
        • Cranmore
Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010): Mineral Relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society, vol 13, pp 3-46; Turner, R.W., (2006) A Mechanism for the formation of the Mineralised Mn Deposits at Merehead Quarry, Cranmore, Somerset, England. Mineralogical Magazine vol. 70, no. 6, pp 629 - 653
        • Nunney
BMS Database
        • Priddy
Mineralogical Magazine (1923): 20, 67-92 (the mineral 78-80); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 83; Clark, 1993, "Hey's Mineral Index"] [MinRec 27:253]
      • Sedgemoor
        • Cheddar
Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010): Mineral Relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society, vol 13, pp 3-46;
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
Rob Bowell, lab tested
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner Mining District
          • Christmas
Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Osborn Mining District
        • Tonopah
          • Belmont Mountain
            • Tiger Wash
Yang, H., Andrade, M.B., Downs, R.T., Gibbs, R.B., Jenkins, R.A. (2016): Raygrantite, Pb10Zn(SO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2, a new mineral isostructural with iranite, from Big Horn Mountains, Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. Canadian Mineralogist: 54: 625-634.
Collected by and in the collection of Joe Ruiz. Analyzed by the University of Arizona.
      • Painted Rock Mts
        • Painted Rock Mining District
          • Theba
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 121, 202, 278, 425; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30.
    • Pinal Co.
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Fahey, J.J., Daggett, E.B., and Gordon, S.G. (1950) Wherryite, a new mineral from the Mammoth mine, Arizona. American Mineralogist, 35, 93-98.; Galbraith, F.W. and Brennan, D.J. (1959) Minerals of Arizona, 67.; Speckels, M.L. (1965) Minerals for everyone: the complete guide to micromounts. Gembooks, Mentone, California. Bideaux, R.A. (1980) Famous Mineral Localities: Tiger, Arizona. Mineralogical Record, 11, 155-181.; Anthony, J.W. et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 104, 141.;
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 202, 327; Palache, C. (1941b), Diaboleite from Mammoth mine, Tiger, AZ, Am.Min.: 26: 605-612; Fahey, J.J., et al (1950), Wherryite, a new mineral from the Mammoth mine, AZ, Am.Min.: 35: 93-98; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, Arizona, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 55.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Wrightson Mining District
        • Temporal Gulch
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 202.
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Silver Lake Mining District
        • Soda Mts
          • Baker
Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., & Housley, R. M. (2010). The crystal structure of munakataite, Pb2Cu2 (Se4+ O3)(SO4)(OH) 4, from Otto Mountain, San Bernardino County, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 74(6), 991-998.
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Joe Marty specimens
Rocks & Minerals 86:132-142
 
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