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Geco Mine, Gemmell Township, Thunder Bay District, Ontario, Canadai
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Geco MineMine
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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
49° 9' 19'' North , 85° 47' 22'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


A copper-zinc mine located 200 km East of Thunder Bay near Manitouwadge. Ore is an Archean Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposit. Mine is at least to the 2,850 level.

This volcano-sedimentary deposit has been affected by an amphibolite facies metamorphism (T=650 °C, P=6 kb) resulting in the formation of rocks such as gedrite-cordierite gneisses (cf. Petersen, 1984).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


37 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Pan, Y., Fleet, M. E., Barnett, R. L., Chen, Y. (1993) Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist: 31(3): 695-710.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.; Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E., Barnett, R.L., Chen, Y. (1993) Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist: 31(3): 695-710.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Pan, Y. (1997) Zircon- and monazite-forming metamorphic reactions at Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35(1): 105-118.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Petersen, E.U. (1986) Tin in volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits; an example from the Geco Mine, Manitouwadge District, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology: 81(2): 323-342.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164; Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Pan, Y. (1997) Zircon- and monazite-forming metamorphic reactions at Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35(1): 105-118.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Petersen, E.U., Essene, E.J., Peacor, D.R., Marcotty, L.A. (1989) The occurrence of högbomite in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 101(3): 350-360.; Franklin, J.M., Schnieders, B.R., Koopman, E.R. (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164.; Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.; Pan, Y., Fleet, M. E., Barnett, R. L., & Chen, Y. (1993) Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist: 31(3): 695-710.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.; Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E., Barnett, R.L., Chen, Y. (1993) Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist: 31(3): 695-710.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Description: Occurs in an Archean Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposit.
Reference: Petersen, E.U., Essene, E.J., Peacor, D.R., Marcotty, L.A. (1989) The occurrence of högbomite in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 101(3): 350-360.; Franklin, J.M., Schnieders, B.R., Koopman, E.R. (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164.; Petersen, E.U. (1986) Tin in volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits; an example from the Geco Mine, Manitouwadge District, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology: 81(2): 323-342.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Description: Occurs in an Archean Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposit.
Reference: Spry, P.G. (1983) An unusual gahnite-forming reaction, Geco base-metal deposit, Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20(4): 549–553.; Franklin, J.M., Schnieders, B.R., Koopman, E.R. (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164.; Thomson, J.E., Ferguson, S.A., Johnston, W.G.Q., Pye, E.G., Savage, W.S., Thomson, R. (1957) Copper, Nickel, Lead, and Zinc Deposits in Ontario. Metal Resources Circular No. 2 of the Ontario Department of Mines (Revised to February, 1957).
'Chlorite Group'
Description: Occurs in an Archean Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposit.
Reference: Spry, P.G. (1983) An unusual gahnite-forming reaction, Geco base-metal deposit, Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20(4): 549–553.; Franklin, J.M., Schnieders, B.R., Koopman, E.R. (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164.; Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.; Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E., Barnett, R.L., Chen, Y. (1993) Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist: 31(3): 695-710.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Petersen, E.U., Essene, E.J., Peacor, D.R., Marcotty, L.A. (1989) The occurrence of högbomite in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 101(3): 350-360.; Spry, P.G. (1983) An unusual gahnite-forming reaction, Geco base-metal deposit, Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20(4): 549–553.; Franklin, J.M., Schnieders, B.R., Koopman, E.R. (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164.; Petersen, E.U. (1986) Tin in volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits; an example from the Geco Mine, Manitouwadge District, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology: 81(2): 323-342.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Description: Occurs in an Archean Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposit.
Reference: Petersen, E.U. (1986) Tin in volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits; an example from the Geco Mine, Manitouwadge District, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology: 81(2): 323-342.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.; Petersen, E.U. (1986) Tin in volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits; an example from the Geco Mine, Manitouwadge District, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology: 81(2): 323-342.; Pan, Y. (1997) Zircon- and monazite-forming metamorphic reactions at Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35(1): 105-118.; Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E., Barnett, R.L., Chen, Y. (1993) Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist: 31(3): 695-710.
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.
Ferro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.
Ferronigerite-2N1S
Formula: (Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Reference: Spry, P.G. (1983) An unusual gahnite-forming reaction, Geco base-metal deposit, Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20(4): 549–553.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Description: Occurs in an Archean Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposit.
Reference: Spry, P.G. (1983) An unusual gahnite-forming reaction, Geco base-metal deposit, Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20(4): 549–553.; Franklin, J.M., Schnieders, B.R., Koopman, E.R. (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164.; Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Franklin, J.M., Schnieders, B.R., Koopman, E.R. (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Petersen, E.U., Essene, E.J., Peacor, D.R., Marcotty, L.A. (1989) The occurrence of högbomite in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 101(3): 350-360.; Franklin, J.M., Schnieders, B.R., Koopman, E.R. (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164.; Petersen, E.U. (1986) Tin in volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits; an example from the Geco Mine, Manitouwadge District, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology: 81(2): 323-342.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Petersen, E.U., Essene, E.J., Peacor, D.R., Marcotty, L.A. (1989) The occurrence of högbomite in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 101(3): 350-360.
'Högbomite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Reference: Petersen, E.U., Essene, E.J., Peacor, D.R., Marcotty, L.A. (1989) The occurrence of högbomite in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 101(3): 350-360.; Spry, P.G. (1983) An unusual gahnite-forming reaction, Geco base-metal deposit, Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20(4): 549–553.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Petersen, E.U., Essene, E.J., Peacor, D.R., Marcotty, L.A. (1989) The occurrence of högbomite in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 101(3): 350-360.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.; Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E., Barnett, R.L., Chen, Y. (1993) Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist: 31(3): 695-710.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Petersen, E.U., Essene, E.J., Peacor, D.R., Marcotty, L.A. (1989) The occurrence of högbomite in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 101(3): 350-360.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Stevenson, R.K. and Martin, R.F. (1986) Implications of the presence of amazonite in the Broken Hill and Geco metamorphosed sulfide deposits. Canadian Mineralogist: 24: 729-745.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Stevenson, R.K. and Martin, R.F. (1986) Implications of the presence of amazonite in the Broken Hill and Geco metamorphosed sulfide deposits. Canadian Mineralogist: 24: 729-745.
'Monazite'
Reference: Pan, Y. (1997) Zircon- and monazite-forming metamorphic reactions at Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35(1): 105-118.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Occurs in an Archean Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposit.
Reference: Spry, P.G. (1983) An unusual gahnite-forming reaction, Geco base-metal deposit, Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20(4): 549–553.; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Occurs in an Archean Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposit.
Reference: Spry, P.G. (1983) An unusual gahnite-forming reaction, Geco base-metal deposit, Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20(4): 549–553.; Petersen, E.U. (1986) Tin in volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits; an example from the Geco Mine, Manitouwadge District, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology: 81(2): 323-342.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Spry, P.G. (1983) An unusual gahnite-forming reaction, Geco base-metal deposit, Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20(4): 549–553.; Franklin, J.M., Schnieders, B.R., Koopman, E.R. (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164.; Thomson, J.E., Ferguson, S.A., Johnston, W.G.Q., Pye, E.G., Savage, W.S., Thomson, R. (1957) Copper, Nickel, Lead, and Zinc Deposits in Ontario. Metal Resources Circular No. 2 of the Ontario Department of Mines (Revised to February, 1957).; Pan, Y., Fleet, M. E., Barnett, R. L., & Chen, Y. (1993) Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist: 31(3): 695-710.
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Reference: Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.; Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E., Barnett, R.L., Chen, Y. (1993) Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist: 31(3): 695-710.
Pyrosmalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Reference: Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E., Barnett, R.L., Chen, Y. (1993) Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist: 31(3): 695-710.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Description: Occurs in an Archean Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposit.
Reference: Franklin, J.M., Schnieders, B.R., Koopman, E.R. (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164.; Thomson, J.E., Ferguson, S.A., Johnston, W.G.Q., Pye, E.G., Savage, W.S., Thomson, R. (1957) Copper, Nickel, Lead, and Zinc Deposits in Ontario. Metal Resources Circular No. 2 of the Ontario Department of Mines (Revised to February, 1957).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Petersen, E.U., Essene, E.J., Peacor, D.R., Marcotty, L.A. (1989) The occurrence of högbomite in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 101(3): 350-360.; Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Petersen, E.U., Essene, E.J., Peacor, D.R., Marcotty, L.A. (1989) The occurrence of högbomite in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 101(3): 350-360.; Petersen, E.U. (1986) Tin in volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits; an example from the Geco Mine, Manitouwadge District, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology: 81(2): 323-342.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Franklin, J.M., Schnieders, B.R., Koopman, E.R. (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E., Barnett, R.L., Chen, Y. (1993) Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist: 31(3): 695-710.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Franklin, J.M., Schnieders, B.R., Koopman, E.R. (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164.; Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.; Thomson, J.E., Ferguson, S.A., Johnston, W.G.Q, Pye, E.G., Savage, W.S., Thomson, R. (1957) Copper, Nickel, Lead, and Zinc Deposits in Ontario. Metal Resources Circular No. 2 of the Ontario Department of Mines (Revised to February, 1957); Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E., Barnett, R.L., Chen, Y. (1993) Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist: 31(3): 695-710.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Description: Occurs in an Archean Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposit. Zincian variety.
Reference: Petersen, E.U., Essene, E.J., Peacor, D.R., Marcotty, L.A. (1989) The occurrence of högbomite in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 101(3): 350-360.; Spry, P.G. (1983) An unusual gahnite-forming reaction, Geco base-metal deposit, Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20(4): 549–553.; Petersen, E.U. (1986) Tin in volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits; an example from the Geco Mine, Manitouwadge District, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology: 81(2): 323-342.
Sudoite
Formula: Mg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
Reference: Slack, J.F., Jiang, W.T., Peacor, D.R., Okita, P.M. (1992) Hydrothermal and metamorphic berthierine from the Kidd Creek volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit, Timmins, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 30(4): 1127-1142.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Michael W. Kieron Collection
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Pan, Y. (1997) Zircon- and monazite-forming metamorphic reactions at Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35(1): 105-118.
'UM1983-19-SiO:AlH'
Formula: (Al2O3)2-4.5(SiO2)3-5(H2O)0-1.5
Reference: Stanton, R.L. (1983): The direct derivation of sillimanite from a kaolinitic precursor: evidence from the Geco Mine, Manitouwadge, Ontario. Economical Geology: 78: 422-437; in: Dunn, P.J., Grice, J.D., Fleischer, M., Pabst, A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 213
'UM1983-20-SiO:AlH'
Formula: Al2Si2O7•4H2O
Reference: Stanton, R.L. (1983): The direct derivation of sillimanite from a kaolinitic precursor: evidence from the Geco Mine, Manitouwadge, Ontario. Economical Geology: 78: 422-437; in: Dunn, P.J., Grice, J.D., Fleischer, M., Pabst, A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 213
'UM1983-21-SiO:AlH'
Formula: Al1.25-2Si1-1.2O5•0-0.3H2O
Reference: Stanton, R.L. (1983): The direct derivation of sillimanite from a kaolinitic precursor: evidence from the Geco Mine, Manitouwadge, Ontario. Economical Geology: 78: 422-437; in: Dunn, P.J., Grice, J.D., Fleischer, M., Pabst, A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 213
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Description: Occurs in an Archean Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposit.
Reference: Spry, P.G. (1983) An unusual gahnite-forming reaction, Geco base-metal deposit, Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20(4): 549–553.; Pan, Y. (1997) Zircon- and monazite-forming metamorphic reactions at Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35(1): 105-118.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Ferronigerite-2N1S4.FC.20(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)9.EE.10Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Pyrosmalite-(Mn)9.EE.10Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Sudoite9.EC.55Mg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Högbomite'-(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
'K Feldspar'-
'Monazite'-
'UM1983-19-SiO:AlH'-(Al2O3)2-4.5(SiO2)3-5(H2O)0-1.5
'UM1983-20-SiO:AlH'-Al2Si2O7•4H2O
'UM1983-21-SiO:AlH'-Al1.25-2Si1-1.2O5•0-0.3H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Miscellaneous
Ferronigerite-2N1S7.11.8.2(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
'Högbomite'7.11.7.3(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Sudoite71.4.1.3Mg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)72.4.1a.1Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Pyrosmalite-(Mn)72.4.1a.2Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Ferro-actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-edenite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'UM1983-19-SiO:AlH'-(Al2O3)2-4.5(SiO2)3-5(H2O)0-1.5
'UM1983-20-SiO:AlH'-Al2Si2O7•4H2O
'UM1983-21-SiO:AlH'-Al1.25-2Si1-1.2O5•0-0.3H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
H SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
H Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Mn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H UM1983-21-SiO:AlHAl1.25-2Si1-1.2O5•0-0.3H2O
H UM1983-20-SiO:AlHAl2Si2O7•4H2O
H UM1983-19-SiO:AlH(Al2O3)2-4.5(SiO2)3-5(H2O)0-1.5
CCarbon
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
O Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
O SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O CorundumAl2O3
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O RutileTiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
O Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Mn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O UM1983-21-SiO:AlHAl1.25-2Si1-1.2O5•0-0.3H2O
O UM1983-20-SiO:AlHAl2Si2O7•4H2O
O UM1983-19-SiO:AlH(Al2O3)2-4.5(SiO2)3-5(H2O)0-1.5
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Mg SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Al Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Al SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al UM1983-21-SiO:AlHAl1.25-2Si1-1.2O5•0-0.3H2O
Al UM1983-20-SiO:AlHAl2Si2O7•4H2O
Al UM1983-19-SiO:AlH(Al2O3)2-4.5(SiO2)3-5(H2O)0-1.5
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Si Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Mn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si UM1983-21-SiO:AlHAl1.25-2Si1-1.2O5•0-0.3H2O
Si UM1983-20-SiO:AlHAl2Si2O7•4H2O
Si UM1983-19-SiO:AlH(Al2O3)2-4.5(SiO2)3-5(H2O)0-1.5
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
SSulfur
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
ClChlorine
Cl Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Mn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Mn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Fe Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
SnTin
Sn Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Spry, P.G. (1983) An unusual gahnite-forming reaction, Geco base-metal deposit, Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20(4): 549–553.
Stanton, R.L. (1983) The direct derivation of sillimanite from a kaolinitic precursor: evidence from the Geco Mine, Manitouwadge, Ontario. Economical Geology: 78: 422-437.
Petersen, E.U. (1984) Metamorphism and geochemistry of the Geco massive sulphide deposit and its enclosing wall-rocks. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Petersen, E.U. (1986) Tin in volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits; an example from the Geco Mine, Manitouwadge District, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology: 81(2): 323-342.
Stevenson, R.K. and Martin, R.F. (1986) Implications of the presence of amazonite in the Broken Hill and Geco metamorphosed sulfide deposits. Canadian Mineralogist: 24: 729-745.
Sabina, A.P. (1991) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. Geological Survey of Canada, Miscellaneous Report 49: p. 83.
Petersen, E.U., Essene, E.J., Peacor, D.R., Marcotty, L.A. (1989) The occurrence of högbomite in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 101(3): 350-360.
Franklin, J.M., Schnieders, B.R., Koopman, E.R. (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164.
Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E. (1992) Mineralogy and genesis of calc-silicates associated with Archean volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits at the Manitouwadge mining camp, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 29(7): 1375–1388.
Pan, Y., Fleet, M.E., Barnett, R.L., Chen, Y. (1993) Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist: 31(3): 695-710.
Pan, Y. (1997) Zircon- and monazite-forming metamorphic reactions at Manitouwadge, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35(1): 105-118.

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