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Bisha mine, Gash Barka Region, Eritreai
Regional Level Types
Bisha mineMine
Gash Barka RegionRegion
EritreaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
15° 30' 37'' North , 37° 30' 39'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Ak’ordat8,857 (2012)40.0km
Barentu15,891 (2012)45.8km
Owned/operated by:


Large high-grade Zn-Cu-Au-Ag volcanic-associated massive sulfide (VMS) deposit.


Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


29 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.; Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.; Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.; Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.; Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.; Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.; Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S13
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Reference: Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S13
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S13
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S13
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S AnglesitePbSO4
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S DigeniteCu9S5
S CovelliteCuS
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S MarcasiteFeS2
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S13
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S13
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Barrie, C. T. et al. (2007): The Bisha Volcanic-Associated Massive Sulfide Deposit, Western Nakfa Terrane, Eritrea. Economic Geology 102, 717-38.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate

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