登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography

Susannite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About SusanniteHide

Formula:
Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Colour:
Colourless to greenish or yellowish
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Specific Gravity:
6.52 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named after the type locality, the Susanna Mine, Leadhills, Scotland.
The trigonal dimorph of leadhillite.

A mineral closely related to leadhillite and macphersonite. Tabular forms of susannite are easily confused with leadhillite.

Heating leadhillite causes it to reversibly transform into susannite in the temperature range from 50 to 82°C (Bindi & Menchetti, 2005).


Classification of SusanniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.BF.40

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
F : With (Cl), SO4, PO4, TeO3
17.1.3.1

17 : COMPOUND CARBONATES
1 : Miscellaneous
12.2.13

12 : Carbonates with other anions
2 : Carbonates with sulphate

Pronounciation of SusanniteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of SusanniteHide

Adamantine
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colourless to greenish or yellowish
Hardness:
2½ - 3 on Mohs scale
Density:
6.52 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SusanniteHide

Type:
Uniaxial
Comments:
Anomalously biaxial

Chemical Properties of SusanniteHide

Formula:
Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
IMA Formula:
Pb4(SO4)(CO3)2(OH)2

Crystallography of SusanniteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
P3
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.07 Å, c = 11.57 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.276
Unit Cell V:
824.62 ų
Z:
3
Morphology:
Thin hexagonal plates.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Secondary mineral in oxidized zones of hydrothermal lead deposits formed above 80 degrees C.

Type Occurrence of SusanniteHide

Other Language Names for SusanniteHide

German:Susannit
Spanish:Susannita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
23 photos of Susannite associated with CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
11 photos of Susannite associated with Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
7 photos of Susannite associated with AnglesitePbSO4
7 photos of Susannite associated with CerussitePbCO3
5 photos of Susannite associated with MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
4 photos of Susannite associated with CupriteCu2O
4 photos of Susannite associated with BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
4 photos of Susannite associated with HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
4 photos of Susannite associated with LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
4 photos of Susannite associated with SteverustitePb2+5(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BF.05FerrotychiteNa6(Fe,Mn,Mg)2(CO3)4(SO4)Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
5.BF.05ManganotychiteNa6Mn2(CO3)4(SO4)Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
5.BF.05NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2ClIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
5.BF.05TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
5.BF.10BonshtedtiteNa3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BF.10BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
5.BF.10CrawforditeNa3Sr(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
5.BF.10SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
5.BF.15Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2xTrig.
5.BF.20Reederite-(Y)(Na,Mn)15Y2(CO3)9(FSO3)ClHex. 6 : P6
5.BF.25Mineevite-(Y)Na25Ba(Y,Gd,Dy)2(CO3)11(HCO3)4(SO4)2F2ClHex.
5.BF.30BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BF.35PhilolithitePb12Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)4(CO3)4(SO4)O6(OH)12Cl4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
5.BF.40LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.BF.40MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

12.2.1BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2Orth.
12.2.2HanksiteNa22K(SO4)9(CO3)2ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
12.2.3TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
12.2.4MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
12.2.5FerrotychiteNa6(Fe,Mn,Mg)2(CO3)4(SO4)Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
12.2.6NakauriiteCu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2OOrth.
12.2.7CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2OOrth.
12.2.8RapidcreekiteCa2(SO4)(CO3) · 4H2OOrth.
12.2.9TatarskiteCa6Mg2(SO4)2(CO3)2(OH)4Cl4 · 7H2OOrth.
12.2.10Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig.
12.2.11LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
12.2.12MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
12.2.14WherryitePb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
12.2.15CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
12.2.16NasledovitePbMn3Al4(CO3)4(SO4)O5 · 5H2O
12.2.17JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2OHex. 6 : P63
12.2.18SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
12.2.19ManganotychiteNa6Mn2(CO3)4(SO4)Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
12.2.20HauckiteFe3+3(Mg,Mn2+)24Zn18(SO4)4(CO3)2(OH)81Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
12.2.21ParaotwayiteNi(OH)2-x(SO4,CO3)0.5xMon.
12.2.22Carrboydite(Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2OHex.
12.2.23Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
12.2.24CamérolaiteCu6Al3(OH)18(H2O)2[Sb(OH)6](SO4)Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SusanniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Brooke (1827) Edinburgh New Phil. J.: 3: 117 (as Sulphato-tricarbonate of Lead).
Haidinger, W. (1845) Zweite Klasse: Geogenide. II. Ordnung. Baryte. VII. Bleibaryt. Suzannit.. in Handbuch der Bestimmenden Mineralogie, Bei Braumüller and Seidel (Wien): 499-506.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 298-299.
Fleischer, M. (1970) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 55: 1444-1449.
K. Walenta, Kolitsch, U., Gulden, T. (1997) On leadhillite and susannite with special regard to occurrences in the Black Forest. Aufschluss: 48(1): 59-64. (in German)
Steele, I.M., Pluth, J.J., Livingstone, A. (1999) Crystal structure of susannite, Pb4SO4(CO3)2(OH)2. A trimorph with macphersonite and leadhillite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 11: 493-499.
Frost, R.L., Kloprogge, J.T., Williams, P.A. (2003) Raman spectroscopy of lead sulphate-carbonate minerals - implications for hydrogen bonding. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 2003: 529-542.
Bindi, L., Menchetti, S. (2005) Structural changes accompanying the phase transformation between leadhillite and susannite: A structural study by means of in situ high-temperature single-crystal X-ray diffraction. American Mineralogist: 90: 1641-1647.

Internet Links for SusanniteHide

Localities for SusanniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Hüttenberg
        • Hüttenberg
          • Waitschach
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Rauris
Kolitsch, U. (2015): 1930) Leadhillit und Susannit aus den Schlacken der Astenschmiede im Hüttwinkltal, Rauris, Salzburg. Pp. 236-237 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Spital am Semmering
        • Steinhaus am Semmering
          • Fröschnitz valley (Fröschnitz)
P. Tomazic, F. Bernhard, U. Kolitsch und G. Knobloch (2012): Mineralogie eines historischen Bergbaues auf Eisen und Silber am Arzberg bei Steinhaus am Semmering. Der Steirische Mineralog 26, 4-9.
Brazil
 
  • São Paulo
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias (1983), 55 (3), 263-270.
Czech Republic
 
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Teplice District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 299.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Sainte-Sigolène
        • Saint-Pal-de-Mons
Queneau Patrice collection
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Saône-et-Loire
      • Saint-Prix
        • L'Argentolle
Sarp, H. (1984): Seconde occurrence du nouveau minéral Scotlandite PbSO3. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt., 64, 317-321.
    • Territoire-de-Belfort
      • Auxelles-Haut
U. Kolitsch (1997): Neufunde von Mineralien aus einigen Vorkommen der Vogesen, Frankreich: Giromagny, Auxelles-Haut und Kruth 1. Aufschluss 48 (4), 243-256.
  • Grand Est
    • Vosges
      • Upper Moselle Valley
        • Rupt-sur-Moselle
Nicolas MEISSER analysis, Lausanne Geological Museum
  • Occitanie
    • Lozère
      • Pont-de-Montvert
        • Vialas
No reference listed
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
        • Badenweiler
Lapis 23(12), 45 (1998)
            • Sehringen
https://www.mindat.org/photo-946743.html
        • Münstertal
          • Belchen
Lapis 23(12), 45 (1998)
        • Oberried
          • Hofsgrund
            • Hofsgrund (South field)
Lapis 23(12), 46 (1998)
        • Staufen im Breisgau
Lapis 23(12), 46 (1998)
      • Lörrach
        • Todtnau
Lapis 23(12), 46 (1998)
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Baden-W%FCrttemberg/Schwarzwald/Todtnau/Lisb%FChl
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Gengenbach
          • Haigerach valley
Lapis 23(12), 46 (1998)
        • Hausach
          • Einbach valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Oberwolfach
KOLITSCH, U. (1997): Uranosphärit und weitere neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara im Schwarzwald. - Mineralien-Welt 8 (3), 18-26; U. Kolitsch, J. Gröbner, G. Blaß and H.-W. Graf (2007): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald (III): Cerianit-(Ce), Dravit, Florencit-(La), Gilmarit, Olenit und Scotlandit. Lapis 32, 19-23, 70.
      • Waldshut
        • Brenden
Lapis 23(12), 46 (1998)
    • Karlsruhe
      • Freudenstadt
        • Bad Rippoldsau-Schapbach
          • Wildschapbach valley
Lapis 23(12), 46 (1998)
  • Hesse
    • Giessen Region
      • Limburg-Weilburg
        • Selters
          • Eisenbach
S. Weiss: Mineralfundstellen Deutschland West, Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Kassel Region
      • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
        • Nentershausen
          • Süß
            • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Oberschulenberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
KoJansen
        • Zellerfeld veins
Gröbner, J. & Nikoleizig, J. (2009): Die Mineralien der Gruben Kahlenbergsglück & Grüne Tanne am Kahlenberg bei Zellerfeld. Mineralien-Welt 20 (4), 34-39.
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
Frost, R. L., Kloprogge, J. T., & Williams, P. A. (2003). Raman spectroscopy of lead sulphate-carbonate minerals–implications for hydrogen bonding. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2003(12), 529-542.
      • Langelsheim
        • Lautenthal
No reference listed
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1991): Mineralogische Notizen V. Aufschluss 42, 155-171.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Hochsauerlandkreis
        • Bestwig
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988) Mineralogische Notizen IV. Der Aufschluss, 39, 153-168.
Weiß, S. (1990) Atlas der Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland-West. Weise (Munich).
        • Sundern
          • Bönkhausen
Lapis, 14 (2), 22-27+33+42.
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Burbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Siegen
          • Eiserfeld
            • Kohlenbach Valley
Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
        • Wilnsdorf
Lapis, 12 (1), 11-18+42.
    • Cologne
      • Aachen
        • Stolberg
International Association of Collectors of Slag
      • Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis
        • Engelskirchen
          • Loope
Habel, B. & Linder, R. (2009): Die Grube "Castor" bei Loope und ihre Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 10-23
    • Münster
      • Steinfurt
        • Ibbenbüren
          • Schafberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Niederberg area
      • Velbert
        • Rützkausen
Harms, U. (2010): Sekundärmineralisation von der Grube Josephine in Velbert (Rheinland) - Beschreibung und geochemische Bildungsbedingungen. Decheniana (Bonn) 163, 179-184.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Altenkirchen
      • Kirchen
        • Niederfischbach
          • Niederndorf
Henrich, J. M. (2007: Die Mineralien der Grube Fürst Moritz bei Niederndorf. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 20-26. (in German)
    • Neuwied
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Rheinbreitbach
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Südwestpfalz
      • Dahner Felsenland
        • Nothweiler
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Zschopau
checked SEM-EDS / X-RAY by St.Michalski
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1982): Neue Schlackenminerale aus Laurion. Der Aufschluss, 33 (12), 459-462.
          • Agios Nikolaos area
No reference listed
          • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
No reference listed
          • Oxygon area
No reference listed
          • Panormos area
No reference listed
          • Passa Limani area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Sounion area
Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelaude etc.
No reference listed
          • Thorikos area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Tourkolimanon area
No reference listed
          • Vrissaki area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • East Macedonia and Thrace
    • Evros
      • Kirki Mines (Kirka)
L. Rantos collection
Ireland
 
  • Connacht
    • County Mayo
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Varese Province
      • Valganna
        • Boarezzo
Orlandi, P., & Campostrini, I., 2006. Boarezzo. I minerali della ricerca mineraria "Pradisci". Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30 (1), 14-24.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Iglesias
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias (1983), 55 (3), 263-270.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Giudicarie Valleys
        • Chiese Valley
          • Condino
Giorgio Bortolozzi visual identification
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Piombino
M. Bonifazi & U. Kolitsch, to be published; Muenchener Micromounter-Lithothek
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Mercanti Valley
- Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
- Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
XRD analysis at Padova University
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Georg Gebhard, Tsumeb II, page 200
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Sørfold
Husdal, T. (2019) Nyfunn av mineraler fra Tysfjord-pegmatittene, Nordland. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019: 31-46
Portugal
 
  • Beja
    • Odemira
      • São Luís
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Banat Mountains
      • Moldova Nouă-Sasca Cu-Mo ore field
www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
Russia
 
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 299.
South Africa
 
  • Gauteng
    • Pretoria District (Tshwane District)
Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
UK
 
  • England
    • County Durham
      • Bollihope District
Norman Wilson collection
Norman Wilson collection
      • Castleside
Norman Wilson collection and ID
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Caldbeck
          • Deer Hills
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
          • Roughton Gill
Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. British Museum (Natural History), London.; Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Jackson, B. (1990) Queitite, a first Scottish occurrence. Scottish Journal of Geology, 26(1), 57-58.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.; Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., and Leppington, C.M. (2008) A review of the mineralisation at Red Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 29-47.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Bridges, T.F., Green, D., Rumsey, M.S., and Leppington, C.M. (2011) A review of the mineralisation of the Roughton Gill mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 3 Roughton Gill Mine. Journal of the Russell Society, 14, 3-23 (referring to Cooper & Stanley, 1990).
Pluth, J. J., Steele, I. M., Kampf, A. R. & Green, D. I. (2005): Redgillite, Cu6(OH)10(SO4)•H2O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 973-980.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
      • Eden
        • Mungrisdale
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
    • Derbyshire
      • Bolsover District
        • Whitwell
vanadinite and descloizite, probably the best yet to be found in England and the secondary lead mineral suite including leadhillite, lanarkite, cerussite, anglesite, pyromorphite, scotlandite, mattheddleite and possibly susannite. Other minerals found were barite, calcite, hemimorphite, and sphalerite.
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries and Galloway
Rust, Steve A. (2019) Minerals of the Frongoch Mine. Published by the author, 180 pages. ISBN 978-1-9162641-0-6.
        • Wanlock Dod-Whytes Cleuch
BMS Database
    • South Lanarkshire
Livingstone, A., Ryback, G., Fejer, E.E., Stanley, C.J. (1987) Mattheddleite, a new mineral of the apatite group from Leadhills, Strathclyde Region. Scottish Journal of Geology, 23, 1-8.; Rust, Steve A. (2019) Minerals of the Frongoch Mine. Published by the author, 180 pages. ISBN 978-1-9162641-0-6.
Jackson, B. (1990). Queitite, a first Scottish occurrence. Scottish Journal of Geology, 26(1), 57-58.
        • Mine Hill-Broad Law
Steve Rust collection
Minerals of Scotland 2002. A.Livingstone.pp132-133
        • Wanlock Dod
Steve Rust Collection
Steve Rust Collection
        • Wool Law
S. Rust Collection
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Talybont
[UKJMM 17 (1996) p.18]
          • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
S Rust collection
UKJMM No5
      • Llangynfelyn
        • Tre-Taliesin
S Rust Collection
      • Trefeirig
        • Bontgoch
S. Rust collection
        • Pen-bont Rhydybeddau
S. Rust collection
S Rust Collection
S Rust Collection
      • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
        • Cwmystwyth
Steve Rust
        • Devil's Bridge
No reference listed
        • Pontrhydygroes
Green, D.I., Rust, S.A., Mason, J.S. (1996) Classic British mineral localities: Frongoch mine, Dyfed. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 17, 29-39.; Rust, Steve A. (2019) Minerals of the Frongoch Mine. Published by the author, 180 pages. ISBN 978-1-9162641-0-6.
      • Ysbyty Ystwyth
No reference listed
BMS Database
        • Lisburne Lead and Silver Mines
No reference listed
    • Powys
      • Llangynog
S.Rust collection
      • Machynlleth
        • Dylife
S Rust Collection
      • Rhayader
S. Rust collection
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
[MinRec 24:421]
  • North Carolina
    • Haywood Co.
      • Waterville Lake
A. Kampf 2-2018
  • Pennsylvania
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Lower Providence Township
        • Audubon
          • Perkiomen Mines
Min of PA 1922-65, A. Montgomery, pgs. 25-26
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2020年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2020.2.24 21:56:10
Go to top of page