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About TrolleiteHide

Hans Gabriel Trolle-Wachtmeister
Light green, colorless, bluish green, (dark blue when included)
5½ - 6
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named after Hans Gabriel Trolle-Wachtmeister (11 September 1782, Sweden - 11 July 1871, Kristianstad, Sweden), attorney general and chemist.
Usually massive translucent light green to bluish green masses with a greasy luster. May be very blue because of mixtures with scorzalite.

Classification of TrolleiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 about 1:1

11 : Miscellaneous

19 : Phosphates
7 : Phosphates of Al alone

Physical Properties of TrolleiteHide

Transparent, Translucent
Light green, colorless, bluish green, (dark blue when included)
Scorzalite-lazulite may be admixed.
5½ - 6 on Mohs scale
Two directions at an angle of 110°52'.
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
3.10 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.08 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TrolleiteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.619 nβ = 1.639 nγ = 1.643
Measured: 49° , Calculated: 46°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.024
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r < v strong

Chemical Properties of TrolleiteHide


Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:
P2O545,63 %
Al2O345,55 %
Fe2O30,25 %
CaO0,40 %
Na2O0,20 %
H2O+6,66 %
H2O-0,18 %
SiO20,90 %
Total:96 %
Sample references:
1Buranga pegmatite, Gatumba, Ngororero District, Western Province, RwandaFransolet, A.-M. (1975) Étude minéralogique et pétrologique des phosphates de pegmatites granitiques. I & II. Thèse de doctorat, Inst. Minéralogie, Université de Liège (unpublished).

Crystallography of TrolleiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 18.894 Å, b = 7.161 Å, c = 7.162 Å
β = 99.99°
a:b:c = 2.638 : 1 : 1
Unit Cell V:
954.33 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Massive, lamellar.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
6.67 Å(40)
3.34 Å(40)
3.21 Å(100)
3.10 Å(90)
3.08 Å(50)
2.52 Å(50)
1.983 Å(40)
1.547 Å(30)

Type Occurrence of TrolleiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Wroclaw University, Wroclaw, Poland, II–9575.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Peraluminous high pressure rocks.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for TrolleiteHide

Simplified Chinese:羟磷铝石
Traditional Chinese:羥磷鋁石

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
8 photos of Trolleite associated with RutileTiO2
6 photos of Trolleite associated with Bertossaite(Li,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4
3 photos of Trolleite associated with ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
3 photos of Trolleite associated with QuartzSiO2
2 photos of Trolleite associated with LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
2 photos of Trolleite associated with BerliniteAlPO4
1 photo of Trolleite associated with AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
1 photo of Trolleite associated with KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BB.XArsenowagneriteMg2(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.05AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)FTric. 1 : P1
8.BB.05MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.05TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.10TripliteMn2+2(PO4)FMon. 2/m
8.BB.10ZwieseliteFe2+2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15SarkiniteMn2+2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/m
8.BB.15Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.BB.15Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15JoosteiteMn2+(Mn3+,Fe3+)(PO4)OMon. 2/m
8.BB.15HydroxylwagneriteMg2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.20HoltedahliteMg2(PO4)(OH)Trig. 3m : P3 1m
8.BB.20Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe)12(PO4)5(PO3OH)(OH,O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
8.BB.25AlthausiteMg4(PO4)2(OH,O)(F,☐)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BB.30AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30EveiteMn2+2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BB.30ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30AuriacusiteFe3+Cu2+(AsO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.35ParadamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.35TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.40BarbosaliteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.40LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.40ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.50NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.70TuraniteCu5(VO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.80FingeriteCu11(VO4)6O2Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.90ZinclipscombiteZnFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet. 4 2 2 : P43 21 2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.7.1BerliniteAlPO4Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
19.7.2AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
19.7.4SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2
19.7.5VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.7.6MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.7.7BolivariteAl2(PO4)(OH)3 · 4-5H2OAmor.
19.7.8WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.7.9EvansiteAl3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2OAmor.
19.7.10VantasseliteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 9H2OOrth.
19.7.11KingiteAl3(PO4)2F2(OH) · 7H2OTric.
19.7.12VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Fluorescence of TrolleiteHide

Not Fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Virtually untouched by acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TrolleiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Blomstrand, C.W. (1868) Om Vestanå Mineralier. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar: 25(3): 197-212.
Des Cloizeaux, A. (1893) Manuel de minéralogie. 2 volumes and Atlas, Paris. volume 2, 2 Fasc., pp 209-544: 453.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 911.
Sclar, C.B., Carrison, L.C., Schwartz, C.M. (1964) Synthesis and properties of trolleite (aluminian lazulite ?), a high pressure mineral from the Westana iron deposit, Kristianstad,
Sweden. Geological Society of America, Special Paper 76, 145. (abs.)
Fleischer, M., Mandarino, J.A., Strunz, H., Cech, F. (1965) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 50: 261-268.
Moore, P.B., Araki, T. (1974), Trolleite, Al4(OH)3[PO4]3: a very dense structure with octahedral face-sharing dimmers. American Mineralogist: 59: 974-984.
Bass, J.D., Sclar, C.B. (1979) The stability of trolleite and the Al2O3-AlPO4-H2O phase diagram. American Mineralogist: 64: 1175.
Dyar, M.D., Jawin, E.R., Breves, E., Marchand, G., Nelms, M., Lane, M.D., Mertzman, S.A., Bish, D.L., Bishop, J.L. (2014) Mössbauer parameters of iron in phosphate minerals: Implications for interpretation of martian data. American Mineralogist: 99: 914-942.

Internet Links for TrolleiteHide

Localities for TrolleiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Queensland
    • North Burnett Region
Duggan, et al., Canadian Mineralogist 28,125-131(1990); Duggan, M. B., Jones, M. T., Richards, D. N., & Kamprad, J. L. (1990). Phosphate minerals in altered andesite from Mount Perry, Queensland, Australia. Canadian Mineralogist, 28, 125-131.
  • Bahia
    • Boquira
Franz, G., Morteani, G., Gerdes, A., & Rhede, D. (2014). Ages of protolith and Neoproterozoic metamorphism of Al-P-bearing quartzites of the Veredas formation (Northern Espinhaco, Brazil): LA-ICP-MS age determinations on relict and recrystallized zircon and geodynamic consequences. Precambrian Research, 250, 6-26.
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Saône-et-Loire
      • Bourbon-Lancy
        • Chalmoux
- DELFOUR J. (2007): Le gisement de pyrite de Chizeuil (Saône-et-Loire). Le Règne Minéral Hors série XIII, 31-35. http://jacques.delfour.pagesperso-orange.fr/chizeuil.htm; - DELFOUR J. (2007): Le gisement de pyrite de Chizeuil (Saône-et-Loire). Le Règne Minéral Hors série XIII, 31-35. http://jacques.delfour.pagesperso-orange.fr/chizeuil.htm
  • Yamaguchi Prefecture
    • Abu District
      • Abu town
Matsubara, S. and Kato, A. (1998) Memoirs of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 30, 167-183.; Mineralogical Journal Vol. 21 (1999) , No. 4 pp 145-150
  • Amoron'i Mania
    • Ambatofinandrahana
      • Itremo
        • Itremo massif
Ackermand et al. (2006): Lazulite-bearing metaquartzite of the Itremo Group (Central Madagascar); Scientific significance and economic importance. in Proceedings of the Malagasy-German Research Cooperation in Life and Earth sciences, 5-18
Ackermand et al.(2006): "Lazulite-bearing metaquartzite of the Itremo Group (Central Madagascar); Scientific significance and economic importance" in Proceedings of the Malagasy-German Research Cooperation in Life and Earth sciences, 5-18
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Dzhida Basin
Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.; Izbrodin, I.A., Ripp, G.S., and Doroshkevich, A.G. (2010) Aluminium phosphate and phosphate-sulphate minerals in kyanite schists of the Ichetuyskoye area, West Transbaikalia, Russia: crystal chemistry and evolution. Mineralogy and Petrology: 101: 81-96.
  • Western Province
    • Ngororero District
      • Gatumba
Daltry, V.D.C. and von Knorring, O. (1998) Type-mineralogy of Rwanda with particular reference to the Buranga pegmatite. Geologica Belgica: 1: 9-15.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV.
F. Hatert, P. Lefèvre, A.M. Fransolet, M.R. Spirlet, F. Fontan, P. Keller : "Ferrorosemaryite, []NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3, a new phosphate mineral from the Rubindi pegmatite, Rwanda", Bull. Liaison S.F.M.C., Vol. 16, 2004, pp 44-45.; Lefèvre, P., Fransolet, A. M., Fontan, F., & Keller, P. Petrographic study of the Al-rich phosphate mineral associations of the Rubindi-Kabilizi pegmatite, Gatumba area, Rwanda.
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Alt Empordà
        • Cadaqués
Pura Alfonso - J. C. Melgarejo, Boron vs. Phosphorus in granitic pegmatites: the Cap de Creus case, Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 45/1-2 (2000)
Sweden (TL)
  • Skåne County
    • Bromölla
      • Näsum
Blomstrand, C. W. (1868): Om Vestanå Mineralier. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 25 (3), 197-212; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 911.
  • Värmland County
    • Torsby
Grensman, F. (1989): Hålsjøberg- En fyndortsbeskrivning. NAGS-nytt 16(3), 24-27; Ek, Roland & Nysten, Per (1990): Phosphate mineralogy of the Hålsjöberg and Hökensås kyanite deposits. Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlingar, Stockholm: 112: 9-18.
  • Västra Götaland County
    • Tidaholm
Ek, R., & Nysten, P. (1990). Phosphate mineralogy of the Hålsjöberg and Hökensås kyanite deposits. GFF, 112(1), 9-18.
  • California
    • Mono Co.
      • White Mountains
        • White Mountain Peak
Lemmon, Dwight Moulton (1935), Augelite from Mono County California American Mineralogist: 20: 664-668; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record: 8: 478-486; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 304.
  • Colorado
    • Larimer Co.
      • Glendevey
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • North Carolina
Milton,Daniel J.,(1986) Chloritoid -Sillimanite Assemblage from North Carolina : American Mineralogist,Vol.71,pg.891-894,1986
  • Virginia
    • Buckingham Co.
      • Farmville Mining District
        • Sprouses Corner
Giannini, W.F., Penick, D.A., Jr. & Fordham, O.M., Jr., Virginia Minerals, 32(1),11(1986)
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