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Berlinite

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About BerliniteHide

07583510014946275486015.jpg
Nils Johan Berlin
Formula:
AlPO4
Colour:
Colourless, greyish or pale pink; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
2.64 - 2.66
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Honouring Professor Nils Johan Berlin (18 February 1812 – 27 December 1891), pharmacologist in the University of Lund, Sweden.
Isostructural with:
The Al-P-analogue of quartz; ordering of Al and P atoms in the crystal structure leads to a doubled c axis.


Classification of BerliniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.AA.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
A : With small cations (some also with larger ones)
38.4.2.1

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
4 : AXO4
19.7.1

19 : Phosphates
7 : Phosphates of Al alone

Physical Properties of BerliniteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colourless, greyish or pale pink; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
white
Hardness:
6½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
2.64 - 2.66 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.618 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
2.56 (artificial material).

Optical Data of BerliniteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.524 nε = 1.532
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.008
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low

Chemical Properties of BerliniteHide

Formula:
AlPO4
IMA Formula:
Al(PO4)
Common Impurities:
Fe,Si

Crystallography of BerliniteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 2 - Trapezohedral
Space Group:
P31 2 1
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.941 Å, c = 10.94 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.214
Unit Cell V:
231.30 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Morphology:
Crystals similar to quartz. Granules to 6 mm; massive.
Twinning:
subparallel twinning lamellae

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0004489BerliniteOnac B P, Effenberger H S (2007) Re-examination of berlinite (AlPO4) from the Cioclovina Cave, Romania American Mineralogist 92 1998-20012007Cioclovina Cave, Romania0293
0007986BerliniteMuraoka Y, Kihara K (1997) The temperature dependence of the crystal structure of berlinite, a quartz-type form of AlPO4 Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 24 243-25319970293
0007987BerliniteMuraoka Y, Kihara K (1997) The temperature dependence of the crystal structure of berlinite, a quartz-type form of AlPO4 Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 24 243-25319970293
0007988BerliniteMuraoka Y, Kihara K (1997) The temperature dependence of the crystal structure of berlinite, a quartz-type form of AlPO4 Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 24 243-25319970293
0007989BerliniteMuraoka Y, Kihara K (1997) The temperature dependence of the crystal structure of berlinite, a quartz-type form of AlPO4 Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 24 243-25319970293
0007990BerliniteMuraoka Y, Kihara K (1997) The temperature dependence of the crystal structure of berlinite, a quartz-type form of AlPO4 Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 24 243-25319970293
0007991BerliniteMuraoka Y, Kihara K (1997) The temperature dependence of the crystal structure of berlinite, a quartz-type form of AlPO4 Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 24 243-25319970293
0007992BerliniteMuraoka Y, Kihara K (1997) The temperature dependence of the crystal structure of berlinite, a quartz-type form of AlPO4 Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 24 243-25319970293
0007993BerliniteMuraoka Y, Kihara K (1997) The temperature dependence of the crystal structure of berlinite, a quartz-type form of AlPO4 Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 24 243-25319970293
0007994BerliniteMuraoka Y, Kihara K (1997) The temperature dependence of the crystal structure of berlinite, a quartz-type form of AlPO4 Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 24 243-25319970293
0007995BerliniteMuraoka Y, Kihara K (1997) The temperature dependence of the crystal structure of berlinite, a quartz-type form of AlPO4 Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 24 243-25319970293
0007996BerliniteMuraoka Y, Kihara K (1997) The temperature dependence of the crystal structure of berlinite, a quartz-type form of AlPO4 Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 24 243-25319970293
0007997BerliniteMuraoka Y, Kihara K (1997) The temperature dependence of the crystal structure of berlinite, a quartz-type form of AlPO4 Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 24 243-25319970293
0007998BerliniteMuraoka Y, Kihara K (1997) The temperature dependence of the crystal structure of berlinite, a quartz-type form of AlPO4 Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 24 243-25319970293
0007999BerliniteMuraoka Y, Kihara K (1997) The temperature dependence of the crystal structure of berlinite, a quartz-type form of AlPO4 Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 24 243-25319970293
0008130BerliniteChristie D M, Chelikowsky J R (1998) Structural properties of alpha-berlinite (AlPO4) Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 25 222-22619980293
0008131BerliniteChristie D M, Chelikowsky J R (1998) Structural properties of alpha-berlinite (AlPO4) Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 25 222-22619980293
0008132BerliniteChristie D M, Chelikowsky J R (1998) Structural properties of alpha-berlinite (AlPO4) Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 25 222-22619980293
0008133BerliniteChristie D M, Chelikowsky J R (1998) Structural properties of alpha-berlinite (AlPO4) Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 25 222-22619980293
0008134BerliniteChristie D M, Chelikowsky J R (1998) Structural properties of alpha-berlinite (AlPO4) Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 25 222-22619980293
0008135BerliniteChristie D M, Chelikowsky J R (1998) Structural properties of alpha-berlinite (AlPO4) Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 25 222-22619980293
0008136BerliniteChristie D M, Chelikowsky J R (1998) Structural properties of alpha-berlinite (AlPO4) Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 25 222-22619980293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.369 Å(100)
4.28 Å(25)
1.835 Å(16)
2.471 Å(12)
2.306 Å(12)
1.393 Å(12)
1.389 Å(12)

Type Occurrence of BerliniteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Wroclaw University, Wroclaw, Poland; II-9574.

Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; 101252
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for BerliniteHide

German:Berlinit
Simplified Chinese:块磷铝矿
Spanish:Berlinita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
5 photos of Berlinite associated with ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
3 photos of Berlinite associated with RutileTiO2
2 photos of Berlinite associated with LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
2 photos of Berlinite associated with BurangaiteNaFe2+Al5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
2 photos of Berlinite associated with BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
2 photos of Berlinite associated with RuifrancoiteCa2(◻,Mn)2(Fe3+,Mn,Mg)4Be4(PO4)6(OH)4(OH,H2O)2 · 4H2O
2 photos of Berlinite associated with HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH)
2 photos of Berlinite associated with TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
1 photo of Berlinite associated with AttakoliteCaMn2+Al4(SiO3OH)(PO4)3(OH)4
1 photo of Berlinite associated with LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.AA.05AlarsiteAlAsO4Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
8.AA.05RodolicoiteFe3+PO4Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
8.AA.10BerylloniteNaBePO4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AA.15HurlbutiteCaBe2(PO4)2Mon.
8.AA.20LithiophosphateLi3PO4Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
8.AA.25NalipoiteNaLi2PO4Orth.
8.AA.30OlympiteNa5Li(PO4)2Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.7.2AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
19.7.3TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.7.4SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2
19.7.5VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.7.6MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.7.7BolivariteAl2(PO4)(OH)3 · 4-5H2OAmor.
19.7.8WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.7.9EvansiteAl3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2OAmor.
19.7.10VantasseliteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 9H2OOrth.
19.7.11KingiteAl3(PO4)2F2(OH) · 7H2OTric.
19.7.12VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Fluorescence of BerliniteHide

may fluoresce dark red

Other InformationHide

Thermal Behaviour:
Exhibits the same thermal inversions as SiO2, but at somewhat lower temperatures.

Readily soluble in alkalies; virtually insoluble in cold acids.
Notes:
Inverts at 583° to a polymorph isotypic with β-SiO2.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BerliniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Blomstrand (1868) Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, Handlingar, Öfv.: 25: 198.
Blomstrand (1868) Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 105: 338.
Huttenlocher (1935) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 90: 508-516.
Strunz (1941) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 103: 228.
Beck (1949) Journal of the American Ceramic Society: 32: 147.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 696-697.
Scott, J. F. (1971). Raman Spectra and Lattice Dynamics of α-Berlinite (AlP O 4). Physical Review B, 4(4), 1360.
Ng, H. N., & Calvo, C. (1976). X-ray study of the α–β transformation of berlinite (AlPO4). Canadian Journal of Physics, 54(6), 638-647.
Snoeck, E., Roucau, C., & Saint-Grégoire, P. (1986). Electron microscopy study of the modulated phases in berlinite AlPO4 and quartz. Journal de physique, 47(12), 2041-2053.

Internet Links for BerliniteHide

Localities for BerliniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Australian Capital Territory
    • Paddys River District
      • Paddy's River Cu Mine
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
  • Queensland
    • North Burnett Region
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; Duggan, M. B., Jones, M. T., Richards, D. N., & Kamprad, J. L. (1990). Phosphate minerals in altered andesite from Mount Perry, Queensland, Australia. Canadian Mineralogist, 28, 125-131.
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Robertstown
Peter Elliott
  • Western Australia
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Milgun Station
Peter Downes, WA Museum
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Boquira
Franz, G., Morteani, G., Gerdes, A., & Rhede, D. (2014). Ages of protolith and Neoproterozoic metamorphism of Al-P-bearing quartzites of the Veredas formation (Northern Espinhaco, Brazil): LA-ICP-MS age determinations on relict and recrystallized zircon and geodynamic consequences. Precambrian Research, 250, 6-26.
Franz, G., Morteani, G., Gerdes, A., & Rhede, D. (2014). Ages of protolith and Neoproterozoic metamorphism of Al-P-bearing quartzites of the Veredas formation (Northern Espinhaco, Brazil): LA-ICP-MS age determinations on relict and recrystallized zircon and geodynamic consequences. Precambrian Research, 250, 6-26.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Galiléia
      • Sapucaia do Norte
Cassedanne, J.P. & Baptista, A. (1999): Famous Mineral Localities: The Sapucaia Pegmatite Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 30: 347-360 + 365
    • Itinga
      • Taquaral
        • Piauí Valley
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Chifeng City (Ulanhad League; Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Hexigten Banner (Keshiketeng Co.)
Luo, S. Y., Cao, J. J., & Wu, Z. Q. (2014). X-ray diffraction (XRD) and near infrared spectrum (NIR) analysis of the soil overlying the Bairendaba deposit of the Inner Mongolia Grassland. Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi= Guang pu, 34(8), 2268-2272.
Czech Republic
 
  • Olomouc Region
    • Jeseník District
Reif, J., Rezek, K., Zachař, Z.: Berlinit AlPO4 ze sulfidického ložiska Zlaté Hory - západ. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1989, roč. 34, č. 4, s. 363-372.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Tirschenreuth District
        • Wiesau
          • Triebendorf
Pöllmann, H., (1990): Mineralparagenesen im Nephelinbasanit von Triebendorf/ Opf., Der Aufschluss, Vol. 41(4), 219-226
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Thomas, R., and Webster, J.D. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 570-582.
Indonesia
 
  • West Java Province
    • Bandung Regency
goldschmidt.info/2011/abstracts/finalPDFs/638.pdf
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Carbonia
        • Barbusi
Sauro, F., De Waele, J., Onac, B.P., Galli, E., Dublyansky, Y., Baldoni, E., and Sanna, L. (2014) Hypogenic speleogenesis in quartzite: the case of Corona 'e sa Craba Cave (SW Sardinia, Italy). Geomorphology, 211, 77-88; Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.
Madagascar
 
  • Amoron'i Mania
    • Ambatofinandrahana
      • Itremo
        • Itremo massif
Ackermand et al.(2006): "Lazulite-bearing metaquartzite of the Itremo Group (Central Madagascar); Scientific significance and economic importance" in Proceedings of the Malagasy-German Research Cooperation in Life and Earth sciences, 5-18
  • Vakinankaratra
    • Antsirabe II
      • Ibity
        • Ibity massif
Morteani, G. & Ackermand, D. (2006): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrology of an amphibolite-facies aluminium-phosphate and borosilicate (APB)-bearing quartzite from the Mesoproterozoic Itremo Group (Central Madagascar). Neues Jahrbuch. Mineral. Abh., 182, 123-148
Malaysia
 
  • Sarawak
McFarlane, D. A., & Lundberg, J. (2018). New records of guano-associated minerals from caves in northwestern Borneo. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 1.
Nigeria
 
  • Ondo
Ademila, O., & Adebanjo, O. J. (2017). Geotechnical and Mineralogical Characterization of Clay Deposits in Parts of Southwestern Nigeria.
Peru
 
  • Arequipa
    • Islay Province
Miofuvhoedki, A. P. (2001). Geochemistry and Petrology of the Tia Maria Prospect, Department of Arequipa, Peru. Thesis (M.S.)--New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences
Portugal
 
  • Viana do Castelo
    • Ponte da Barca
      • Touvedo (São Lourenço e Salvador)
Leal Gomes, C., Azevedo, A., Lopes Nunes, J., & Dias, P. A. (2009). Phosphate fractionation in pegmatites of Pedra da Moura II claim–Ponte da Barca–Portugal. Estudos Geológicos, 19(2), 172.
Romania
 
  • Bihor
    • Nucet
      • Băiţa mining district (Baita Bihor; Rézbánya)
Onac, B. P., & Damm, P. (2002). Preliminary Data on the Mineralogy of Limestone and Skarn-Hosted Caves from Baita (Bihor county, Romania). Studia UBB Geologia, 47(1), 93-104.
  • Hunedoara
    • Hunedoara
      • Boșorod
Onac, B.P., Breban, R., Kearns, J., and Tamas, T. (2002) Unusual minerals related to phosphate deposits in Cioclovina Cave, Şureanu Mts. (Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology: 15: 27-34.; Am. Min., 88, 1395–1397 (2003) ; Am. Min. 90,1203-1208 (2005); Am. Min. 92,1998-2001(2007)
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Ngororero
      • Gatumba
Gallagher, M.J. and Gerards, J.F. (1963) Berlinite from Rwanda. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 613-615.; Daltry, V.D.C. and von Knorring, O. (1998) Type-mineralogy of Rwanda with particular reference to the Buranga pegmatite. Geologica Belgica: 1: 9-15.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV.;
Fransolet, Andre-Mathieu, 1989, The Problem of Na-Li Substitution in Primary Li-Al Phosphates: New Data on Lacroixite, a Relatively Widespread Mineral, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 27, p. 211-217.
F. Hatert, P. Lefèvre, A.M. Fransolet, M.R. Spirlet, F. Fontan, P. Keller : "Ferrorosemaryite, []NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3, a new phosphate mineral from the Rubindi pegmatite, Rwanda", Bull. Liaison S.F.M.C., Vol. 16, 2004, pp 44-45.; Lefèvre, P., Fransolet, A. M., Fontan, F., & Keller, P. Petrographic study of the Al-rich phosphate mineral associations of the Rubindi-Kabilizi pegmatite, Gatumba area, Rwanda.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV.; Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/lacroixite.pdf)
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Alt Empordà
        • Cadaqués
Bareche, E. (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Museu Mollfulleda de Mineralogia - Grup Mineralògic Català, 269 p.; Pura Alfonso - J. C. Melgarejo, Boron vs. Phosphorus in granitic pegmatites: the Cap de Creus case, Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 45/1-2 (2000)
Sweden (TL)
 
  • Skåne County
    • Bromölla
      • Näsum
Blomstrand, C.W. (1868) Om Vestanå Mineralier. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 25 (3), 197-212.; Gallagher, M.J. and Gerards, J.F. (1963) Berlinite from Rwanda. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 613-615 (referring to berlinite from the type locality).
  • Värmland County
    • Torsby
Grensman, F. (1989) Hålsjøberg- En fyndortsbeskrivning. NAGS-nytt 16(3), 24-27.; Ek, Roland and Nysten, Per (1990) Phosphate mineralogy of the Hålsjöberg and Hökensås kyanite deposits. Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlingar, Stockholm: 112: 9-18.; Grensman, F. & Sandström, F. (2002): Kyanitmineraliseringen i Hålsjöberg, Torsby, Värmland. Litiofilen 19 (2): 26-38.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Visp
      • Törbel
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 72
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Globe-Miami Mining District
        • Miami-Inspiration Mining District
          • Inspiration
            • Miami-Inspiration deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 132.
  • Maine
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, volume 1.
 
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