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Turanite

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About TuraniteHide

04627150015805112596573.jpg
Map of Iran and Turan
Formula:
Cu5(VO4)2(OH)4
Colour:
Green, olive-green
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
4½ - 5
Specific Gravity:
4.25
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named after the Turan region, a term used particularly in the 19th century, to designate a region encompassing modern Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and northern parts of Afghanistan and Pakistan. The region includes the type locality.
This page provides mineralogical data about Turanite.


Classification of TuraniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1909
8.BB.70

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 about 1:1
41.4.4.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
4 : (AB)5(XO4)2Zq

Physical Properties of TuraniteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Green, olive-green
Hardness:
4½ - 5 on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN50=436 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
on (011)
Density:
4.25 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.452 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TuraniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 2.000 nβ = 2.010 nγ = 2.020
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v strong.
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = Brown
Y = Brown
Z = Green

Chemical Properties of TuraniteHide

Formula:
Cu5(VO4)2(OH)4
IMA Formula:
Cu2+5(VO4)2(OH)4

Crystallography of TuraniteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.3834 Å, b = 6.2736 Å, c = 6.8454 Å
α = 86.169°, β = 91.681°, γ = 92.425°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.858 : 1 : 1.091
Unit Cell V:
230.38 ų
Z:
1
Morphology:
Reniform crusts and spherical concretions with a radial-fibrous structure. Tabular crystals
Twinning:
Polysynthetic twinning noted in all crystals.

Type Occurrence of TuraniteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
spherulite aggregates
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Fersman Mineralogical Museum RAS (Moscow)
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Cavities in limestone from hydrothermal solutions.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Nenadkevich, K.A. (1909) Turanite and alaite, two new vanadium minerals. Izvestiya Imperatorskoy Akademii Nauk: 3: 185-187.

Other Language Names for TuraniteHide

German:Turanit
Spanish:Turanita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Turanite associated with TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
1 photo of Turanite associated with CalciteCaCO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BB.XArsenowagneriteMg2(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.05AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)FTric. 1 : P1
8.BB.05MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.05TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.10TripliteMn2+2(PO4)FMon. 2/m
8.BB.10ZwieseliteFe2+2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15SarkiniteMn2+2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/m
8.BB.15Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.BB.15Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15Stanĕkite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(PO4)OMon.
8.BB.15JoosteiteMn2+(Mn3+,Fe3+)(PO4)OMon. 2/m
8.BB.15HydroxylwagneriteMg2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.20HoltedahliteMg2(PO4)(OH)Trig. 3m : P3 1m
8.BB.20Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe)12(PO4)5(PO3OH)(OH,O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
8.BB.25AlthausiteMg4(PO4)2(OH,O)(F,☐)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BB.30AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30EveiteMn2+2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BB.30ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30AuriacusiteFe3+Cu2+(AsO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.35ParadamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.35TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.40BarbosaliteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.40HentscheliteCuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon.
8.BB.40LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.40ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.40WilhelmkleiniteZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Mon.
8.BB.45TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BB.50NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.55Phosphoellenbergerite(Mg,◻)2Mg12(PO4,PO3OH)6(PO3OH,CO3)2(OH)6Hex.
8.BB.60UrusoviteCuAl(AsO4)OMon.
8.BB.65TheoparacelsiteCu3(As2O7)(OH)2Orth.
8.BB.75StoiberiteCu5(VO4)2O2Mon.
8.BB.80FingeriteCu11(VO4)6O2Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.85AverieviteCu6(VO4)2O2Cl2Trig.
8.BB.90LipscombiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet.
8.BB.90RichelliteCaFe3+2(PO4)2(OH,F)2Amor.
8.BB.90ZinclipscombiteZnFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet. 4 2 2 : P43 21 2

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TuraniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Nenadkevich, K.A. (1909) Turanite and alaite, two new vanadium minerals. Izvestiya Imperatorskoy Akademii Nauk: 3: 185-187.
Larsen, E.S. and Berman, H. (1934) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, Second edition, USGS Bulletin 848: 207.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 1124 pp. (818).
Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A. (2004) Turanite, Cu2+5(V5+O4)2(OH)4, from the Tyuya-Muyun radium-uranium deposit, Osh District, Kyrgyzstan: a new structure for an old mineral. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 731-739.
Karpenko, V.Y., Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F., Bekenova, G.K. (2005) Turanite from Tyuya-Muyun, Kirgizia: new data on mineral. New Data on Minerals: 40: 37-43.
Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C. (2005) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 90: 271-275.
Pekov, I.V. (2007) New minerals from former Soviet Union countries, 1998-2006: minerals restored in the status of individual species in the period of 1998-2006. Mineralogical Almanac: 11: 52-54.

Internet Links for TuraniteHide

Localities for TuraniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Kyrgyzstan (TL)
 
  • Osh Region
    • Aravan District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 818, 1046; Bull Min 79 (1956), 245; Canadian Mineralogist (2004): 42(3): 731-739.; Karpenko VY, Agakhanov AA, Pautov LA, Sokolova EV, Hawthorne F, Bekenova GK (2005): Turanite from Tyuya-Muyun, Kirgizia: new data on mineral. New Data on Minerals, 40, 37-43.
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Carlin Trend
        • Maggie Creek Mining Subdistrict
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Gibellini Mining District
        • Fish Creek Range
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999; Karpenko VY, Agakhanov AA, Pautov LA, Sokolova EV, Hawthorne F, Bekenova GK (2005): Turanite from Tyuya-Muyun, Kirgizia: new data on mineral. New Data on Minerals, 40, 37-43.
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
 
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