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Ilsemannite

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About IlsemanniteHide

06521720015742031876327.jpg
Johann C. Ilsemann
Formula:
Mo3O8 · nH2O
Colour:
Black, blue-black, or blue; turns blue on exposure
Name:
After Johann Christoph Ilsemann (1727-1822), a former Mining Commissioner at Clausthal, Harz, who published an early study of molybdenite (1787).
Note that there are numerous different and very complex heterovalent molybdenum oxide molecules forming amorphous blue substances. Most likely the "ilsemannites" at different localities, formed under different conditions, are not the same compound and may even be mixtures of several different compounds. Consequently "ilsemannite" does not really deserve mineral species status and may eventually turn out to be several different species when technology advances to when we can better characterize very thin amorphous films.

Ilsemannite was once thought to be responsible for the blue colour of "blue waters" of the Idaho Springs area, known to Indians, but it was later shown that rather more complex, up-to-200-metal-atoms compounds may be the cause.

See also the visually similar mourite.


Classification of IlsemanniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959), Questionable
First Published:
1871
4.FJ.15

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
J : Hydroxides with H2O +- (OH); corner-sharing octahedra
4.6.3.1

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
6 : Miscellaneous
7.15.4

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
15 : Oxides of Mo and W

Physical Properties of IlsemanniteHide

Colour:
Black, blue-black, or blue; turns blue on exposure

Chemical Properties of IlsemanniteHide

Formula:
Mo3O8 · nH2O
IMA Formula:
Mo3O8 · nH2O (?)

Crystallography of IlsemanniteHide

Morphology:
Earthy masses or crusts; as a stain or disseminated pigment.

Type Occurrence of IlsemanniteHide

Reference:
Höfer, H. (1871) Ilsemannit, ein natürliches Molybdänsalz. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaontologie: 1871: 566-570.

Synonyms of IlsemanniteHide

Other Language Names for IlsemanniteHide

Simplified Chinese:蓝钼矿
Spanish:Ilsemannita
Traditional Chinese:蓝鉬矿

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
9 photos of Ilsemannite associated with TugarinoviteMoO2
7 photos of Ilsemannite associated with JordisiteMoS2
6 photos of Ilsemannite associated with AnhydriteCaSO4
4 photos of Ilsemannite associated with MouriteUMo5O12(OH)10
3 photos of Ilsemannite associated with HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
3 photos of Ilsemannite associated with Iriginite(UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2O
3 photos of Ilsemannite associated with CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
3 photos of Ilsemannite associated with QuartzSiO2
3 photos of Ilsemannite associated with MolybdeniteMoS2
2 photos of Ilsemannite associated with RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.FJ.05MeymaciteWO3 · 2H2OAmor.
4.FJ.05SidwilliteMoO3 · 2H2OMon.
4.FJ.10TungstiteWO3 · H2OOrth.
4.FJ.15HydrotungstiteWO3 · 2H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.15.1TugarinoviteMoO2Mon.
7.15.2MolybditeMoO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
7.15.3SidwilliteMoO3 · 2H2OMon.
7.15.5TungstiteWO3 · H2OOrth.
7.15.6HydrotungstiteWO3 · 2H2OMon.
7.15.7MeymaciteWO3 · 2H2OAmor.
7.15.8Alumotungstite2W2O6(H2O)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.15.9JixianitePb(W,Fe3+)2(O,OH)7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for IlsemanniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Höfer, H. (1871) Ilsemannit, ein natürliches Molybdänsalz. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaontologie: 1871: 566-570.
Horton, F.W. (1916) Molybdenum - its ores and their concentration. United States Bureau of Mines and Geology Bulletin 111: 132p.: 111.
Schaller (1917) Washington Ac Sc., Journal: 7: 417.
Cook, C.W. (1922) A new occurrence of ilsemannite. American Journal of Science: 4: 50-52.
Hess, F.L. (1925) Ilsemannite at Ouray, Utah. United States Geological Survey, Bulletin 750A: 750: 1-16.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 603-604.
Staples, L.W. (1951) Ilsemannite and jordisite. American Mineralogist: 36: 609-614.
"Metal Oxide Nanowheels roll up into vesicles" -

Internet Links for IlsemanniteHide

Localities for IlsemanniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Etheridge Shire
      • Georgetown
Hurtig, N. C., Heinrich, C. A., Driesner, T., Herrmann, W., Wall, V., & Mathison, I. (2014). Fluid evolution and uranium (-Mo-F) mineralization at the Maureen Deposit (Queensland, Australia): unconformity-related hydrothermal ore formation with a source in the volcanic cover Sequence. Economic Geology, 109(3), 737-773.
    • Mareeba Shire
      • Bamford
No reference listed
  • Tasmania
    • Dorset municipality
      • Scottsdale district
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Austria (TL)
 
  • Carinthia
    • Villach-Land District
Am Min 36 (1951), 609; G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
L. Kostelka: Der Karinthin, 31./32: 129-132 (1956)
Gerhard Niedermayr, Bleiberg, Bergbau - Geologie - Mineralien
      • Paternion
        • Rubland
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Tyrol
    • Reutte District
      • Biberwier
Hanneberg, A., Simon, P. & Wolkersdorfer, C. (2009): Galmei und schöne Wulfenite: Der Blei-Zink-Bergbau rund um den Fernpaß in Tirol. Lapis 34 (4), 21-31; 54.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Caldas
        • Campo do Cercado
WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
China
 
  • Guangxi
    • Chongzuo
      • Daxin Co.
Min, M.-Z., Luo, X.-Z., Mao, S.-L., Zheng, D.-Y., and Shen, B.-P. (2002): Ore Geology Reviews 19(1/2), 79-93.
  • Hebei
    • Zhangjiakou
      • Guyuan County
Dahlkamp, F.J. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156
Guangyin Shen (2011): Nonferrous Metals: Mining 63(2), 23-27
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Suxian District
Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156
  • Jiangxi
    • Fuzhou
      • Chongren Co.
        • Xiangshan Uranium ore field
Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156
      • Le'an Co.
        • Xiangshan Uranium ore field
          • Zoujiashan ore district
Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156
Czech Republic
 
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Trutnov District
      • Radvanice
Jirásek, J.: Thermal Changes of the Rocks in the Dump Pile of the Kateřina Colliery in Radvanice (Eastern Bohemia). Ostrava: VSB – Technical University of Ostrava, Institute of Geological Engineering - 541, 2001. 69 p.
  • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Krupka (Graupen)
Sejkora, J., Breiter, K.: Historický rudní revír Krupka, Krušné hory. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1999, roč. 7, s. 29-45.
Gabon
 
  • Haut-Ogooué Province
    • Franceville
J. Geffroy, J.A. Sarcia, J. Chervet : "Les Minéraux Uranifères Français", 1960, Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucléaires / Saclay - PUF.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Münstertal
      • Hof
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Bavaria
      • Bad Reichenhall
        • Inzell
          • Kienberg
Hegemann, F. (1949): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 1(5/6), 690-715; Lapis 9(1), 11-14 (1984)
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Schmiedeberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Brand-Erbisdorf
        • Himmelsfürst Mine
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge District
      • Altenberg
Mineralien-Welt, (2), 17-39.
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Guatemala
 
  • Quetzaltenango Department
    • El Palmar
(E. Nitta, M. Kimata, M. Hoshino, T. Echigo, S. Hamasaki, H. Shinohara, N. Nishida, T. Hatta, M. Shimizu (2006) “High-temperature sublimate minerals from Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyusyu, Southwestern Japan.” –oral presentation at IMA meeting in Kobe.)
Indonesia
 
  • Java
    • Yogyakarta Province
(E. Nitta, M. Kimata, M. Hoshino, T. Echigo, S. Hamasaki, H. Shinohara, N. Nishida, T. Hatta, M. Shimizu (2006) “High-temperature sublimate minerals from Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyusyu, Southwestern Japan.” –oral presentation at IMA meeting in Kobe.)
Imants Kavalieros (1994) Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 50, 479-491.
Japan
 
  • Kagoshima
    • Mishima village
F. Africano, G. Van Rompaey, A. Bernard, F. Le Guern (2002) Deposition of trace elements from high temperature gases of Satsuma-Iwojima volcano. Earth Planets Space 54, 275-286.
F. Africano, G. Van Rompaey, A. Bernard, F. Le Guern (2002) Deposition of trace elements from high temperature gases of Satsuma-Iwojima volcano. Earth Planets Space 54, 275-286.
Field observations, Dr Amir Akhavan and Alfredo Petrov, 4-2014.
F. Africano, G. Van Rompaey, A. Bernard, F. Le Guern (2002) Deposition of trace elements from high temperature gases of Satsuma-Iwojima volcano. Earth Planets Space 54, 275-286.
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Gómez Palacio Municipality
      • Sierra de Bermejillo
Panczner(1987):239.
  • Sonora
    • Moctezuma Municipality
Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
Russia
 
  • Ryazan Oblast
Yu. Engalychev, S. (2019). New data on the mineral composition of unique rhenium U-Mo-Re ores of the Briketno-Zheltukhinskoe deposit in the Moscow Basin. Доклады Академии наук. 485. 464-467. 10.31857/S0869-56524854464-467.
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
      • Iturup Island
(E. Nitta, M. Kimata, M. Hoshino, T. Echigo, S. Hamasaki, H. Shinohara, N. Nishida, T. Hatta, M. Shimizu (2006) “High-temperature sublimate minerals from Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyusyu, Southwestern Japan.” –oral presentation at IMA meeting in Kobe.) http://maurice.strahlen.org/kurilles/kurilles.htm; Yudovskaya, M. A., Distler, V. V., Chaplygin, I. V., Mokhov, A. V., Trubkin, N. V., & Gorbacheva, S. A. (2006). Gaseous transport and deposition of gold in magmatic fluid: evidence from the active Kudryavy volcano, Kurile Islands. Mineralium Deposita, 40(8), 828.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
Kiseleva, G. D., Kovalenker, V. A., Trubkin, N. V., Borisovsky, S. E., & Mokhov, A. V. (2008) RARE MINERALS OF In, Cd, Mo, AND W IN GOLD-BASE METAL VEINS OF THE BUGDAYA Au-Mo (W)-PORPHYRY DEPOSIT, EASTERN TRANSBAIKALIA RUSSIA. New Data on Minerals 43:13-22
      • Krasnokamensk
        • Strel'tsovskoe Mo-U ore field
P.M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Slovenia
 
  • Carinthia Region
• Aleksander Rečnik (2010) Minerals of the lead and zinc ore deposit Mežica. Bode Vlg. & Jožef Stefan Institute. Ljubljana: 112 pp.
Terzic, S.B. (): Tallium and merccury in minerals from the Mezica dore eposit. Geologija, 15, 361-369
South Africa
 
  • KwaZulu-Natal
    • uMgungundlovu District
      • Mpendle District
Minerals of South Africa
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
EDX & XRD (amorphous), N. Meisser, September 2019. See https://fglb.clubdesk.com/clubdesk/www?p=100100
Tajikistan
 
  • Sughd
    • Zeravshan Range
      • Yagnob River
D.I.Belakovskiy data
P.M. Kartashov data; Belakovski D.I.. Die Mineralien der brennenden Kohlefloze von Ravat in Tadshikistan, Lapis, 1990, N 12 p.21-26. (in German); Nasdala, L., & Pekov, I. V. (1993). Ravatite, C14HIO, a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan. Eur. J. Mineral, 5, 699-705.
UK
 
  • England
    • County Durham
      • Stockton-on-Tees
        • Billingham
Raymond, L.R. (1959) Recent Secondary Minerals in the Billingham Anhydrite Mine. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 32, n° 245, 172-175.; Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Apache County
      • Cane Valley Mining District
        • Yazzie Mesa
          • Monument No. 2 channel
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 258; Witkind, I.J. & R.E. Thaden (1963), Geology and uranium-vanadium deposits of the Monument Valley area, Apache and Navajo Cos., AZ: 117.
    • Cochise County
[MinRec 12:307]
      • Warren
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 258.
    • Coconino County
      • Cameron Mining District
Williams, S. & Cesbron, F. P. (1995). Wupatkiite from the Cameron uranium district, Arizona, a new member of the halotrichite group. Mineralogical Magazine, 59, 553-556.; Bollin, E. M., & Kerr, P. F. (1958). Uranium mineralization near Cameron, Arizona. In Guidebook of the Black Mesa Basin, northern Arizona: New Mexico Geological Society, 9th Field Conference Society Guidebook (Vol. 9, pp. 161-168).
Keith (1970), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 182: 103-159, 202-289; Bollin & Kerr (1958), Guidebook for New Mexico Geol.Soc., 9th. Field Conference F.P. 164-168.
Scarborough, Robert B. (1981), Radioactive occurrences and uranium production in Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology Report for U.S. Department of Energy (Atomic Energy Commission), GJBX-143. RME-2071: 149.
          • Huskon Mines (Huskon group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 258.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 258.
Scarborough, Robert B. (1981), Radioactive occurrences and uranium production in Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology Report for U.S. Department of Energy (Atomic Energy Commission), GJBX-143. RME-2071: 163.
      • Orphan Mining District
        • Grand Canyon Village
Gornitz, V. (2004), Grand Canyon Uranium: The Orphan Mine, Mineral News: 20(6): 7.
      • Vermillion Cliffs Mining District
        • Marble Canyon
Scarborough, Robert B. (1981), Radioactive occurrences and uranium production in Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology Report for U.S. Department of Energy (Atomic Energy Commission), GJBX-143. RME-2071: 153.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 258, 431; Petersen, R.G., et al (1959), An occurrence of rhenium associated with uraninite in Coconino Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 54: 254-267.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Death Valley
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: 7th edition: 604; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 227.
    • Kern Co.
Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp97-103
        • Miracle Hot Springs (Hobo Hot Springs)
Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report 1, 370 pp.: 330; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 79, 341.
Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report 1, 370 pp.: 333; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 341.
    • Shasta Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Gibson
Cook, C.W. (1922), A new occurrence of ilsemannite (Gibson, Shasta County, California): American Journal of Science, 5th. Series: 4: 50-52; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 186, 227; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 341.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Boulder County Tungsten Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Jamestown Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Idaho Springs Mining District (Virginia Mining District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Costilla Co.
      • McCarty Park Area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Fremont Co.
      • Tallahassee Creek Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Quartz Creek Mining District
        • Gold Hill Cumberland Pass
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 289
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 289
    • Jackson Co.
      • Northgate Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Foothill Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Moffat Co.
      • Maybell Mining District
        • Maybell Mines
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Saguache Co.
      • Cochetopa Mining District (Cochetopa Creek Mining District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp97-103
    • San Juan Co.
      • Elk Park
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • San Miguel Co.
      • Lower San Miguel Mining District
        • Placerville Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Teller Co.
      • Cripple Creek Mining District
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Bootstrap Mining District
        • Goldstrike Mines
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Tule Canyon Mining District
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada; NBMG Open File Report 79-3; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada; NBMG Open File Report 79-3; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; NBMG Open File Report 79-3
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Buffalo Mountain Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Osgood Mts
        • Potosi Mining District
          • Adam Peak
[MinRec 16:20]; NBMG Open File Report 79-3
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
    • Mineral Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Brovard
NBMG Open File Report 79-3
    • Nye Co.
      • San Antonio Mts
        • San Antone Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia; NBMG Open File Report 79-3
    • Storey Co.
      • Comstock Mining District
Ken Coleman Collection
    • Washoe Co.
      • Freds Mountain Mining District
NBMG Bull 70 Geology and Mineral Resources of Washoe and Storey Counties, Nevada; NBMG Open File Report 79-3
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; NBMG Open File Report 79-3
  • New Mexico
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    • Luna Co.
Ramon S. DeMark; Dr. Virgil W Lueth; Abstract, "A New Mexico Occurrence of sidwillite and other molybdenum minerals", 37th Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium
    • McKinley Co.
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
  • Oregon
    • Harney Co.
      • Pueblo Mining District (Denio Mining District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Lake Co.
      • Lakeview
Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology NBMG Open-File Report 96-3 By Stephen B. Castor, Christopher D. Henry, Lisa A. Shevenell
  • South Dakota
    • Fall River Co.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    • Oglala Lakota Co.
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    • Pennington Co.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
  • Texas
    • Culberson Co.
      • Sierra Diablo
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
    • Karnes Co.
Smith, A.E. (1991), Texas Mineral Locations Index, Rocks & Min.: 66(3).
U.S. Geological Survey,2005,Mineral Resources Data System :U.S. Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
U.S. Geological Survey,2005,Mineral Resources Data System :U.S. Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
MINERALS OF THE KARNES URANIUM DISTRICT-THE FRANKLIN OF TEXAS Alan J. Cherepon, http://www.wma-minelife.com/uranium/papers/karnes.htm
    • Live Oak Co.
U.S. Geological Survey,2005,Mineral Resources Data System :U.S. Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
      • Ray Point Mining District
Rolf Luetcke
  • Utah
    • Grand Co.
      • La Sal Mts
        • North Mountain
          • La Sal Mining District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Piute Co.
Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp97-103
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • Elk Ridge
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
        • Notch Mines
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Fry Canyon
USGS Bull 1125
      • White Canyon
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; USGS TEI #514; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp263-279
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Sevier Co.
      • Gold Mountain Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Uintah Co.
      • Ouray
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Wyoming
    • Carbon Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:383
    • Fremont Co.
      • Gas Hills Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
www.excaliburmineral.com; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp361-370.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Natrona Co.
      • East Gas Hills Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
 
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