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Heinrichite

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About HeinrichiteHide

Formula:
Ba(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named in honor Eberhardt "Abe" William Heinrich (10 February 1918, Braunschweig, Germany - 8 July 1991, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA), mineralogist at the University of Michigan, USA.
Autunite Group.

Unstable at room temperature and dehydrates fairly rapidly to metaheinrichite (Walenta, 1965) which may be fully transparent. Most of the specimens shown on the photos here are probably metaheinrichite.


Classification of HeinrichiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7/E.01-120
8.EB.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
E : Uranyl phosphates and arsenates
B : UO2:RO4 = 1:1
40.2a.4.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
2a : AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
20.7.12

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
7 : Arsenates of U

Physical Properties of HeinrichiteHide

Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of HeinrichiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.605 nε = 1.573
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.032
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of HeinrichiteHide

Formula:
Ba(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O

Crystallography of HeinrichiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.1548(11) Å, b = 7.1340(11) Å, c = 21.290(3)(21) Å
β = 104.171(5)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.003 : 1 : 2.984
Unit Cell V:
1053.6 ų
Z:
2
Comment:
SG P2/c. Data for synthetic material. Pseudotetragonal lattice.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.57 Å(100)
8.89 Å(80)
5.03 Å(80)
3.38 Å(70)
2.25 Å(50)
2.11 Å(50)
2.53 Å(20)

Type Occurrence of HeinrichiteHide

Synonyms of HeinrichiteHide

Other Language Names for HeinrichiteHide

Relationship of Heinrichite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2OMon. 2/m
KahleriteFe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2OTet. 4/m : P42/n
MetarauchiteNi(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
Nováčekite-IMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
Nováčekite-IIMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2OMon. 2/m
RauchiteNi(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
SabugaliteHAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2OTet.
UranospiniteCa(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
9 photos of Heinrichite associated with AbernathyiteK(UO2)(AsO4) · 3H2O
3 photos of Heinrichite associated with MetaheinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
2 photos of Heinrichite associated with ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
1 photo of Heinrichite associated with ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
1 photo of Heinrichite associated with CupriteCu2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.EB.05AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.EB.05KahleriteFe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2OTet. 4/m : P42/n
8.EB.05Nováčekite-IMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.EB.05SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.EB.05TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
8.EB.05UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2OTet.
8.EB.05UranospiniteCa(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.EB.05Xiangjiangite(Fe3+,Al)(UO2)4(PO4)2(SO4)2(OH) · 22H2OTet.
8.EB.05ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
8.EB.05MetarauchiteNi(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.EB.05RauchiteNi(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.EB.10BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2OMon. 2/m
8.EB.10LehneriteMn2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon.
8.EB.10Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
8.EB.10MetasaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10Metauranocircite-IBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon. 2 : P21
8.EB.10MetauranospiniteCa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4/m : P42/n
8.EB.10MetaheinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4mm
8.EB.10MetakahleriteFe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.EB.10MetakirchheimeriteCo(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.EB.10MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4/m : P4/n
8.EB.10MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4/m : P4/n
8.EB.10MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4/m : P42/n
8.EB.10PrzhevalskitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2OOrth.
8.EB.10Meta-lodèviteZn(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
8.EB.15AbernathyiteK(UO2)(AsO4) · 3H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
8.EB.15Chernikovite(H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2OTet.
8.EB.15Meta-ankoleiteK2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.EB.15Natrouranospinite(Na2,Ca)(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 5H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.EB.15Trögerite(H3O)(UO2)(AsO4) · 3H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.EB.15Uramphite(NH4)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2OTet.
8.EB.15Uramarsite(NH4,H3O)2(UO2)2(AsO4,PO4)2 · 6H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
8.EB.20ThreadgolditeAl(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2OMon.
8.EB.20ChistyakovaiteAl(UO2)2(AsO4)2(F,OH) · 6.5H2OMon.
8.EB.25ArsenuranospathiteAl(UO2)2(AsO4)2F · 20H2OOrth. mm2 : Pnn2
8.EB.25Uranospathite(Al,☐)(UO2)2(PO4)2F · 20(H2O,F)Orth. mm2 : Pnn2
8.EB.30Vochtenite(Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH) · 12-13H2OMon.
8.EB.35CoconinoiteFe3+2Al2(UO2)2(PO4)4(SO4)(OH)2 · 20H2OMon.
8.EB.40RanunculiteHAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2OMon.
8.EB.45TrianguliteAl3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2OTric.
8.EB.50FurongiteAl13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.EB.55SabugaliteHAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

40.2a.4.2MetaheinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4mm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

20.7.1Trögerite(H3O)(UO2)(AsO4) · 3H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
20.7.2Natrouranospinite(Na2,Ca)(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 5H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
20.7.3AbernathyiteK(UO2)(AsO4) · 3H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
20.7.4MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4/m : P42/n
20.7.5ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
20.7.6MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4/m : P4/n
20.7.7Nováčekite-IMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.7.8ArsenuranyliteCa(UO2)4(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 6H2OOrth.
20.7.9MetauranospiniteCa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4/m : P42/n
20.7.10UranospiniteCa(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
20.7.11MetaheinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4mm
20.7.13MetalodèviteZn(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2OTet.
20.7.14ArsenuranospathiteAl(UO2)2(AsO4)2F · 20H2OOrth. mm2 : Pnn2
20.7.15HallimonditePb2(UO2)(AsO4)2 · nH2O, 0 <= n <= 0.5Tric. 1 : P1
20.7.16HügelitePb2(UO2)3(AsO4)2O2 · 5H2OMon.
20.7.17AsselbornitePb(BiO)3(UO2)4(AsO4)2(OH)7·4H2OIso.
20.7.18MetakahleriteFe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.7.19KahleriteFe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2OTet. 4/m : P42/n
20.7.20MetakirchheimeriteCo(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
Radioactive.

References for HeinrichiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gross, E. B., Corey, A. S., Mitchell, R. S., Walenta, K. (1958) Heinrichite and metaheinrichite, hydrated barium uranyl arsenate minerals. American Mineralogist: 43: 1134-1143.
Walenta, K. (1965) Beiträge zur Kenntnis seltener Arsenatminerale unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Vorkommen des Schwarzwalds. 2. Folge. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 9: 252-282 (in German).
Locock, A. J., Burns, P. C. and Flynn, T. M. (2005) Structures of strontium - and barium-dominant compounds that contain the autunite-type sheet. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 721-733. [synth. heinrichite]
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., Eds. Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/ (2016)

Internet Links for HeinrichiteHide

Localities for HeinrichiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
Le Règne Minéral, (33), 5-25.
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Thann-Guebwiller
        • Kruth
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Creuse
      • Guéret
  • Occitanie
    • Hérault
      • Le Bosc
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998)
      • Le Puech
[Le Règne Minéral 1997, 13, p.5-18]; Dal Bo, F., Hatert, F., & Philippo, S. (2018). Supergene Uranyl Mineralization of the Rabejac Deposit, Lodève, France. Minerals, 8(9), 414.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
        • Titisee-Neustadt
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Rottweil
        • Schenkenzell
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
            • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
            • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Waldshut
        • St Blasien
          • Menzenschwand
Steffen Möckel probed 23/10/2005
    • Karlsruhe
      • Baden-Baden
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Freudenstadt
        • Alpirsbach
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Franconia
      • Aschaffenburg
        • Dörrmorsbach
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Kusel
Lapis 2001(6), 13-40
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999c): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
          • Paliokamariza area (Paleokamariza area)
            • Paliokamariza Mines (Paleokamariza Mines)
Simon, P. & Kapellas, K. (2017): Uranmineralien und rote Barytkristalle: Erstfund von Sklodowskit in Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 42 (7-8), 58-65.
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • El Pallars Jussà
        • La Vall Fosca
          • La Torre de Cabdella (La Torre de Capdella)
            • Castell-estaó
MTI Mineralogía Topográfica Ibérica, 2009
USA (TL)
 
  • Oregon
    • Lake Co.
      • Lakeview
Amer.Min.(1958) 43, 1134-1143; Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology NBMG Open-File Report 96-3 By Stephen B. Castor, Christopher D. Henry, Lisa A. Shevenell
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael Mining District (San Rafael Swell)
        • Temple Mountain
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
 
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