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Ranunculite

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About RanunculiteHide

Formula:
HAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2O
Colour:
Yellow
Lustre:
Waxy, Dull
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
3.40
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named by Michel Deliens and Paul Piret in 1980 from the Latin ranunculus, buttercup, alluding to its gold-yellow color.
This page provides mineralogical data about Ranunculite.


Classification of RanunculiteHide

Approved
First published:
1979
8.EB.40

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
E : Uranyl phosphates and arsenates
B : UO2:RO4 = 1:1
42.2.2.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
2 : (AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
19.11.23

19 : Phosphates
11 : Phosphates of U

Physical Properties of RanunculiteHide

Waxy, Dull
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Yellow
Streak:
Pale yellow
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Imperfect/Fair
{100} and {001}
Density:
3.40 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.30 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of RanunculiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.643 nβ = 1.664 nγ = 1.670
2V:
Measured: 56° , Calculated: 54°
Birefringence:
0.027
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.027
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
very strong
Optical Extinction:
Oblique
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
pale yellow to pale greenish yellow

Chemical Properties of RanunculiteHide

Formula:
HAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2O
IMA Formula:
Al(UO2)(PO3OH)(OH)3 · 4H2O

Crystallography of RanunculiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.10 Å, b = 17.7 Å, c = 18.0 Å
β = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.627 : 1 : 1.017
Unit Cell V:
3,536.46 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
14
Morphology:
Rounded nodules less than 1 mm, composed of many tiny plates. The plates are flattened on [010].

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.00 Å(100)
4.70 Å(50)
4.45 Å(30)
3.53 Å(20)
3.133 Å(80)
2.978 Å(40)
1.850 Å(40)
Comments:
9.00 and 2.978 are broadened.

Type Occurrence of RanunculiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Gold-yellow nodules, with mean diameter of 0.3 mm, rarely to 1 mm, and botryoidal crusts.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Royal Museum of Central Africa, Tervuren, Belgium, RGM 6201.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Late stage mineralization in a granite pegmatite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Deliens, M., Piret, P. (1979) Ranunculite, AlH(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3·4H2O, a new mineral. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 321-323.

Synonyms of RanunculiteHide

Other Language Names for RanunculiteHide

German:Ranunculit
Simplified Chinese:磷铝铀矿 III
Spanish:Ranunculita

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.EB.05AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.EB.05HeinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2OMon. 2/m
8.EB.05KahleriteFe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2OTet. 4/m : P42/n
8.EB.05Nováčekite-IMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.EB.05SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2OMon. 2/m
8.EB.05TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
8.EB.05UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2OTet.
8.EB.05UranospiniteCa(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.EB.05Xiangjiangite(Fe3+,Al)(UO2)4(PO4)2(SO4)2(OH) · 22H2OTet.
8.EB.05ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
8.EB.05MetarauchiteNi(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.EB.05RauchiteNi(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.EB.10BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2OMon. 2/m
8.EB.10LehneriteMn2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon.
8.EB.10Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
8.EB.10MetasaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10Metauranocircite-IBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon. 2 : P21
8.EB.10MetauranospiniteCa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4/m : P42/n
8.EB.10MetaheinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4mm
8.EB.10MetakahleriteFe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.EB.10MetakirchheimeriteCo(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.EB.10MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4/m : P4/n
8.EB.10MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4/m : P4/n
8.EB.10MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4/m : P42/n
8.EB.10PrzhevalskitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2OOrth.
8.EB.10Meta-lodèviteZn(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
8.EB.15AbernathyiteK(UO2)(AsO4) · 3H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
8.EB.15Chernikovite(H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2OTet.
8.EB.15Meta-ankoleiteK2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.EB.15NatrouranospiniteNa2(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 5H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.EB.15Trögerite(H3O)(UO2)(AsO4) · 3H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.EB.15Uramphite(NH4)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2OTet.
8.EB.15Uramarsite(NH4)(UO2)(AsO4) · 3H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
8.EB.20ThreadgolditeAl(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2OMon.
8.EB.20ChistyakovaiteAl(UO2)2(AsO4)2(F,OH) · 6.5H2OMon.
8.EB.25ArsenuranospathiteAl(UO2)2(AsO4)2F · 20H2OOrth. mm2 : Pnn2
8.EB.25Uranospathite(Al,◻)(UO2)2(PO4)2F · 20(H2O,F)Orth. mm2 : Pnn2
8.EB.30Vochtenite(Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH) · 12-13H2OMon.
8.EB.35CoconinoiteFe3+2Al2(UO2)2(PO4)4(SO4)(OH)2 · 20H2OMon.
8.EB.45TrianguliteAl3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2OTric.
8.EB.50FurongiteAl13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.EB.55SabugaliteHAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

42.2.2.5GalliskiiteCa4Al2(PO4)2F8 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.11.1LermontoviteU(PO4)(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
19.11.2MetavanmeersscheiteU6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
19.11.3VanmeersscheiteU6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OOrth.
19.11.4Chernikovite(H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2OTet.
19.11.5VyacheslaviteU(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
19.11.6MetanatroautuniteNa(UO2)(PO4)(H2O)3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
19.11.7YingjiangiteK2Ca(UO2)7(PO4)4(OH)6 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
19.11.8Meta-ankoleiteK2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
19.11.9Uramphite(NH4)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2OTet.
19.11.10TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
19.11.11MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4/m : P4/n
19.11.12SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2OMon. 2/m
19.11.13Ningyoite(U,Ca,Ce)2(PO4)2 · 1-2H2OOrth.
19.11.14Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
19.11.15AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
19.11.16Pseudo-autunite(H3O)4Ca2(UO2)2(PO4)4 · 5H2OOrth.
19.11.17PhurcaliteCa2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2OOrth.
19.11.18PhosphuranyliteKCa(H3O)3(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
19.11.19UlrichiteCaCu(UO2)(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
19.11.20BergeniteCa2Ba4(UO2)9(PO4)6O6 · 16H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.11.21Metauranocircite-IBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon. 2 : P21
19.11.22UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2OTet.
19.11.24TrianguliteAl3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2OTric.
19.11.25MunditeAl(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5.5H2OOrth.
19.11.26UpaliteAl(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 7H2OMon.
19.11.27FurongiteAl13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.11.28ThreadgolditeAl(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2OMon.
19.11.29PhuralumiteAl2[(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH)](OH)3(H2O)9Mon. 2/m
19.11.30MoreauiteAl3(UO2)(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.11.31SabugaliteHAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
19.11.32Uranospathite(Al,◻)(UO2)2(PO4)2F · 20(H2O,F)Orth. mm2 : Pnn2
19.11.33AlthupiteAlTh(UO2)7(PO4)4(OH)5O2 · 15H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.11.34Françoisite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Sm)(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 6H2OMon.
19.11.35KivuiteTh(UO2)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8 · 7H2O
19.11.36ParsonsitePb2(UO2)(PO4)2Tric. 1 : P1
19.11.37DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmma
19.11.38DumontitePb2(UO2)3O2(PO4)2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
19.11.39PrzhevalskitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2OOrth.
19.11.40LehneriteMn2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon.
19.11.41BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2OMon. 2/m
19.11.42Vochtenite(Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH) · 12-13H2OMon.

Fluorescence of RanunculiteHide

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Slowly soluble in 1:1 HNO3 and fairly soluble in hot 1:1 HCl.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for RanunculiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Deliens, M., Piret, P. (1979) Ranunculite, AlH(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3·4H2O, a new mineral. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 321-323.
Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Pabst, A. (1980) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 65: 406-408.

Internet Links for RanunculiteHide

Localities for RanunculiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
DR Congo (TL)
 
  • South Kivu
    • Shabunda Territory
Deliens, M., Piret, P. (1979) Ranunculite, AlH(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3·4H2O, a new mineral. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 321-323.; The Mineralogical Record: 11: 112.
Spain
 
  • Extremadura
    • Cáceres
      • Tejeda de Tiétar
http://www.foro-minerales.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=6707
 
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